Search Results for "extended-irreversible-thermodynamics"

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

  • Author: David Jou,Georgy Lebon,José Casas-Vázquez
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048130740
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 483
  • View: 6436
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The fast progress in many areas of research related to non-equilibrium ther- dynamics has prompted us to write a fourth edition of this book. Like in the previous editions, our main concern is to open the subject to the widest au- ence, including students, teachers, and researchers in physics, chemistry, engine- ing, biology, and materials sciences. Our objective is to present a general view on several open problems arising in non-equilibrium situations, and to afford a wide perspective of applications illustrating their practical outcomes and con- quences. A better comprehension of the foundations is generally correlated to an increase of the range of applications, implying mutual feedback and cross fert- ization. Truly, thermodynamic methods are widely used in many areas of science but, surprisingly, the active dynamism of thermodynamics as a ?eld on its own is not suf?ciently perceived outside a relatively reduced number of specialized researchers. Extended irreversible thermodynamics (EIT) goes beyond the classical f- malisms based on the local equilibrium hypothesis; it was also referred to in an earlier publication by the authors (Lebon et al. 1992) as a thermodynamics of the third type, as it provides a bridge between classical irreversible thermodynamics and rational thermodynamics, enlarging at the same time their respective range of application. The salient feature of the theory is that the ?uxes are incorporated into the set of basic variables.

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

  • Author: D. Jou,J. Casas-Vazquez,G. Lebon
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642565654
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 463
  • View: 1401
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Covers a wide spectrum of applications and contains a wide discussion of the foundations and the scope of the most current theories of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The new edition reflects new developments and contains a new chapter on the interplay between hydrodynamics and thermodynamics.

Extended Thermodynamics Systems

Extended Thermodynamics Systems

  • Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Peter Salamon
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780844816937
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 9984
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Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Foundations, Applications, Frontiers

  • Author: Georgy Lebon,David Jou
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540742524
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 326
  • View: 5011
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Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using several formalisms to underscore their differences and their similarities.

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

From Principles to Applications in Nanosystems

  • Author: Hatim Machrafi
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781138496392
  • Category:
  • Page: 210
  • View: 3441
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Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics provides powerful tools departing not from empirical or statistical considerations but from fundamental thermodynamic laws, proposing final solutions that are readily usable and recognizable for students, researchers and industry. The book deals with methods that allow combining easily the present theory with other fields of science, such as fluid and solid mechanics, heat and mass transfer processes, electricity and thermoelectricity, and so on. Not only are such combinations facilitated, but they are incorporated into the developments in such a way that they become part of the theory. This book aims at providing for a systematic presentation of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in nanosystems with a high degree of applicability. Furthermore, the book deals with how physical properties of systems behave as a function of their size. Moreover, it provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electrical, thermoelectric, photovoltaic and nanofluid properties in nanosystems. Experimental results are used to validate the theory, the comparison is analysed, justified and discussed, and the theory is then again used to understand better experimental observations. The new developments in this book, being recognizable in relation with familiar concepts, should make it appealing for academics and researchers to teach and apply and graduate students to use. The text in this book is intended to bring attention to how the theory can be applied to real-life applications in nanoscaled environments. Case studies, and applications of theories, are explored including thereby nanoporous systems, solar panels, nanomedicine drug permeation and properties of nanoporous scaffolds. Explores new generalized thermodynamic models Provides introductory context of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics within classical thermodynamics, theoretical fundamentals and several applications in nanosystems Provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electric, thermoelectric and viscous properties as a function of several parameters in nanosystems Includes reflections to encourage the reader to think further and put the information into context Examines future developments of new constitutive equations and theories and places them in the framework of real-life applications in the energetic and medical sectors, such as photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices, nanoporous media, drug delivery and scaffolds

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics with Application to Solids

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics with Application to Solids

Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Theodor Lehmann

  • Author: W. Muschik
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3709143217
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 329
  • View: 6250
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This book puts emphasis on developing the basic ideas behind the different approaches to non-equilibrium thermodynamics and on applying them to solids. After a survey about different approaches an introduction to their common fundamentals is given in the first part. In the second part the mechanical behavior of special materials such as viscoelasticity, viscoplasticity, viscoelastoplasticity, and thermoplasticity are discussed. The third part is devoted to extended thermodynamics. The basic ideas, phenomenological as well as microscopical, are reviewed and applied to thermo- and viscoelastic materials. Electromagnetic solids showing dielectric relaxation, such as ceramics, showing electromagneto-mechanical hysteresis and superconductivity are treated in the fourth part. In the last part stability with regard to constitutive equations is investigated. Especially stability of quasi-static processes and of elastic-plastic systems are discussed.

Journal of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Journal of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Irreversible processes
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8914
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Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers

Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers

Volume I Background and Theory Volume II Applications

  • Author: Vladimir V. Uchaikin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642339115
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 385
  • View: 5166
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The first derivative of a particle coordinate means its velocity, the second means its acceleration, but what does a fractional order derivative mean? Where does it come from, how does it work, where does it lead to? The two-volume book written on high didactic level answers these questions. Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers— The first volume contains a clear introduction into such a modern branch of analysis as the fractional calculus. The second develops a wide panorama of applications of the fractional calculus to various physical problems. This book recovers new perspectives in front of the reader dealing with turbulence and semiconductors, plasma and thermodynamics, mechanics and quantum optics, nanophysics and astrophysics. The book is addressed to students, engineers and physicists, specialists in theory of probability and statistics, in mathematical modeling and numerical simulations, to everybody who doesn't wish to stay apart from the new mathematical methods becoming more and more popular. Prof. Vladimir V. UCHAIKIN is a known Russian scientist and pedagogue, a Honored Worker of Russian High School, a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He is the author of about three hundreds articles and more than a dozen books (mostly in Russian) in Cosmic ray physics, Mathematical physics, Levy stable statistics, Monte Carlo methods with applications to anomalous processes in complex systems of various levels: from quantum dots to the Milky Way galaxy.

Entropy and Entropy Generation

Entropy and Entropy Generation

Fundamentals and Applications

  • Author: J.S. Shiner
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306469324
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 246
  • View: 340
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Entropy and entropy generation play essential roles in our understanding of many diverse phenomena ranging from cosmology to biology. Their importance is manifest in areas of immediate practical interest such as the provision of global energy as well as in others of a more fundamental flavour such as the source of order and complexity in nature. They also form the basis of most modern formulations of both equilibrium and nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Today much progress is being made in our understanding of entropy and entropy generation in both fundamental aspects and application to concrete problems. The purpose of this volume is to present some of these recent and important results in a manner that not only appeals to the entropy specialist but also makes them accessible to the nonspecialist looking for an overview of the field. This book contains fourteen contributions by leading scientists in their fields. The content covers such topics as quantum thermodynamics, nonlinear processes, gravitational and irreversible thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of Taylor dispersion, higher order transport, the mesoscopic theory of liquid crystals, simulated annealing, information and biological aspects, global energy, photovoltaics, heat and mass transport and nonlinear electrochemical systems. Audience: This work will be of value to physicists, chemists, biologists and engineers interested in the theory and applications of entropy and its generation.

Modern Thermodynamics

Modern Thermodynamics

From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures

  • Author: Dilip Kondepudi,Ilya Prigogine
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118698703
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 552
  • View: 9919
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Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to 20th century thermodynamics that can be applied to both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems, unifying what was traditionally divided into ‘thermodynamics’ and ‘kinetics’ into one theory of irreversible processes. This comprehensive text, suitable for introductory as well as advanced courses on thermodynamics, has been widely used by chemists, physicists, engineers and geologists. Fully revised and expanded, this new edition includes the following updates and features: Includes a completely new chapter on Principles of Statistical Thermodynamics. Presents new material on solar and wind energy flows and energy flows of interest to engineering. Covers new material on self-organization in non-equilibrium systems and the thermodynamics of small systems. Highlights a wide range of applications relevant to students across physical sciences and engineering courses. Introduces students to computational methods using updated Mathematica codes. Includes problem sets to help the reader understand and apply the principles introduced throughout the text. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material provided online at http://sites.google.com/site/modernthermodynamics/. Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition is an essential resource for undergraduate and graduate students taking a course in thermodynamics.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Transport and Rate Processes in Physical & Biological Systems

  • Author: Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080479729
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 420
  • View: 953
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The book begins with a brief review of equilibrium systems and transport and rate processes, then covers the following areas: theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipation function; entropy and exergy; analysis and case studies on using the second law of thermodynamics; economic impact of the nonequilibrium thermodynamics theory; analysis of transport and rate processes; membrane transport; dissipative structures and biological systems; and other thermodynamic approaches and extended nonequilibrium thermodynamics. · Summarizes new applications of thermodynamics as tools for design and optimisation · Covers second law and exergy analysis for sustainable development · Promotes understanding of the coupled phenomena of natural processes

Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis

Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: PediaPress
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5627
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Kinetic Theory and Irreversible Thermodynamics

Kinetic Theory and Irreversible Thermodynamics

  • Author: Byung Chan Eu
  • Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 732
  • View: 7113
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For almost 20 years the author has conducted research on both macroscopic and molecular theories. The results of his investigation, which can be found in this work, are that irreversible thermodynamics and kinetic theory of matter are not separable especially for nonlinear irreversible processes occurring in systems removed far from equilibrium and thus must be examined together in a mutually consistent manner. Includes coverage of such topics as mass and momentum conservation law, bilinear and quadratic forms for entropy production, viscous phenomena, boundary conditions for velocities and much more.

Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow

Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow

  • Author: David Jou i Mirabent,David Jou,José Casas-Vázquez,Manuel Criado-Sancho,M. Criado-Sancho
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540678458
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 231
  • View: 4506
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From the reviews: "This is an excellent monograph presenting comprehensively the state-of-art in one of the fast developing branches of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. [...] It can be recommended for using in advanced courses for graduate students." Zentralblatt der Mathematik

Predictive Statistical Mechanics

Predictive Statistical Mechanics

A Nonequilibrium Ensemble Formalism

  • Author: Roberto Luzzi,Áurea R. Vasconcellos,J. Galvão Ramos
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402004827
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 301
  • View: 3368
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Chapters 1 to 5 include a description of the philosophy, foundations, and construction (methodology) of the formalism, including the derivation of a nonequilibrium grand-canonical ensemble for far-from-equilibrium systems as well as the derivation of a quantum nonlinear kinetic theory and a response function theory together with a theory of scattering. In chapter 6 applications of the theory are cataloged, making comparisons with experimental data (a basic step for the validation of any theory). Chapter 7 is devoted to the description of irreversible thermodynamics, providing a far-reaching generalization of Informational-Statistical Thermodynamics. The last chapter gives an overall picture of the formalism, and questions and criticisms related to it are discussed.

Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow

Thermodynamics of Fluids Under Flow

  • Author: David Jou,José Casas-Vázquez,Manuel Criado-Sancho
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789400701991
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 301
  • View: 3883
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This is the second edition of the book “Thermodynamics of Fluids under Flow,” which was published in 2000 and has now been corrected, expanded and updated. This is a companion book to our other title Extended irreversible thermodynamics (D. Jou, J. Casas-Vázquez and G. Lebon, Springer, 4th edition 2010), and of the textbook Understanding non-equilibrium thermodynamics (G. Lebon, D. Jou and J. Casas-Vázquez, Springer, 2008. The present book is more specialized than its counterpart, as it focuses its attention on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of flowing fluids, incorporating non-trivial thermodynamic contributions of the flow, going beyond local equilibrium theories, i.e., including the effects of internal variables and of external forcing due to the flow. Whereas the book's first edition was much more focused on polymer solutions, with brief glimpses into ideal and real gases, the present edition covers a much wider variety of systems, such as: diluted and concentrated polymer solutions, polymer blends, laminar and turbulent superfluids, phonon hydrodynamics and heat transport in nanosystems, nuclear collisions, far-from-equilibrium ideal gases, and molecular solutions. It also deals with a variety of situations, emphasizing the non-equilibrium flow contribution: temperature and entropy in flowing ideal gases, shear-induced effects on phase transitions in real gases and on polymer solutions, stress-induced migration and its application to flow chromatography, Taylor dispersion, anomalous diffusion in flowing systems, the influence of the flow on chemical reactions, and polymer degradation. The new edition is not only broader in scope, but more educational in character, and with more emphasis on applications, in keeping with our times. It provides many examples of how a deeper theoretical understanding may bring new and more efficient applications, forging links between theoretical progress and practical aims. This updated version expands on the trusted content of its predecessor, making it more interesting and useful for a larger audience.

Electrical Properties of Polymers

Electrical Properties of Polymers

  • Author: Evaristo Riande,Ricardo Diaz-Calleja
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420030471
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 600
  • View: 6035
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Electrical Properties of Polymers describes the electric phenomena responsible for determining the chemical and supramolecular structure of polymers and polymeric materials. The authors explore the properties of quasi-static dipoles, reviewing Brownian motion, Debye theory, Langevin and Smoluchowski equations, and the Onsager model. This reference displays Maxwell and entropy equations, along with several others, that depict the thermodynamics of dielectric relaxation. Featuring end-of-chapter problems and useful appendices, the book reviews molecular dynamics simulations of dynamic dielectric properties and inspects mean-square dipole moments of gases, liquids, polymers, and fixed conformations.

Contributions to Science

Contributions to Science

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Research
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1906
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Alternative Mathematical Theory of Non-equilibrium Phenomena

Alternative Mathematical Theory of Non-equilibrium Phenomena

  • Author: Dieter Straub
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780080527079
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 377
  • View: 3704
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Alternative Mathematical Theory of Non-equilibrium Phenomena presents an entirely new theoretical approach to complex non-equilibrium phenomena, especially Gibbs/Falk thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. This innovative new theory allows for inclusion of all state variables and introduces a new vector-dissipation velocity-which leads to useful restatements of momentum, the Second Law, and tensors for the laws of motion, friction, and heat conduction. This application-oriented text is relatively self-contained and is an excellent guide-book for engineers with a strong interest in fundamentals, or for professionals using applied mathematics and physics in engineering applications. This book emphasizes macroscopic phenomena, focusing specifically on gaseous states, though relations to liquid and crystalline states are also considered. The author presents a new Alternative Continuum Theory of Compressible Fluids (AT) which providesa qualitative description of the subject in predominantly physical terms, minimizing the mathematical premises. The methodology discussed has applications in a wide range of fields outside of physics in areas including General System Theory, TheoreticalEconomics, and Biophysics and Medicine. Presents the first theory capable of handling non-equilibria phenomena Offers a unified theory of all branches of macroscopic physics Considers a consistent and uniform view of reality, supported by modern mathematics, leading to results different than those produced by classical theories Results in a change of paradigms in physics, engineering, and natural philosophy

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814329916
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 3788
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The book describes in a simple and practical way what non-equilibrium thermodynamics is and how it can add to engineering fields. It explains how to describe proper equations of transport, more precise than used so far, and how to use them to understand the waste of energy resources in central unit processes in the industry. It introduces the entropy balance as an additional equation to use, to create consistent thermodynamic models, and a systematic method for minimizing energy losses that are connected with transport of heat, mass, charge, momentum and chemical reactions. Readership: Senior undergraduate and graduate students in physics, chemistry, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.