Search Results for "eyewitnessing-the-uses-of-images-as-historical-evidence"

Eyewitnessing

Eyewitnessing

The Uses of Images as Historical Evidence

  • Author: Peter Burke
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801473180
  • Category: History
  • Page: 223
  • View: 1385
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What place do images hold among other kinds of historical evidence? In Eyewitnessing, Peter Burke reviews graphics, photographs, films, and other media from many countries and periods and examines their pragmatic uses. This profusely illustrated book surveys the opportunities and the challenges of using images to understand other times. In a thorough and compelling defense of the importance of the visual to history, Burke argues that images should not be considered mere reflections of their time and place, but rather extensions of the social contexts in which they were produced. The author describes and evaluates the methods by which art historians have traditionally analyzed images, and finds them insufficient to deal with the complexities of visual imagery. In developing a richer mode of visual interpretation, Burke devotes much attention to religious icons and narratives and political propaganda posters, caricatures, and maps. Eyewitnessing also addresses the economics of images—some, such as films, are commodities in themselves, and others are created to advertise other products. Concentrating on the representation of social groups, the author explores stereotypes as well as notions of foreignness and gender. In this wide-ranging, highly accessible volume, Burke helps us to understand the promise and the pitfalls of using visual evidence in the writing of history.

History and Social Theory

History and Social Theory

  • Author: Peter Burke
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 0745634079
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1988
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What is the use of social theory to historians, and of history to social theorists? In clear and energetic prose, a pre–eminent cultural historian here offers a far–reaching response to these deceptively simple questions. In this classic text, now revised and updated in its second edition, Peter Burke reviews afresh the relationship between the fields of history and the social sciences and their tentative convergence in recent decades. Burke first examines what uses historians have made – or might make – of the models, methods, and concepts of the social sciences, and then analyzes some of the intellectual conflicts, such as the opposition between structure and human agency, which are at the heart of the tension between history and social theory. Throughout, he draws from a broad range of cultures and periods to illustrate how history, in turn, has been used to create and validate social theories. This new edition brings the book up to date with the addition of examples and discussions of new topics such as social capital, globalization and post–colonialism. The second edition of History and Social Theory will continue to stimulate both students and scholars across a range of disciplines with its challenging assessment of the roles of history and social science today.

The Look of the Past

The Look of the Past

Visual and Material Evidence in Historical Practice

  • Author: Ludmilla Jordanova
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 131613945X
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6479
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How can we use visual and material culture to shed light on the past? Ludmilla Jordanova offers a fascinating and thoughtful introduction to the role of images, objects and buildings in the study of past times. Through a combination of thematic chapters and essays on specific artefacts – a building, a piece of sculpture, a photographic exhibition and a painted portrait – she shows how to analyse the agency and visual intelligence of artists, makers and craftsmen and make sense of changes in visual experience over time. Generously illustrated and drawing on numerous examples of images and objects from 1600 to the present, this is an essential guide to the skills that students need in order to describe, analyse and contextualise visual evidence. The Look of the Past will encourage readers to think afresh about how they, like people in the past, see and interpret the world around them.

Picturing an Exhibition

Picturing an Exhibition

The Family of Man and 1950s America

  • Author: Eric Sandeen
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780826323668
  • Category: Photography
  • Page: 227
  • View: 4087
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The richness and historical complexity of this exhibit have been overlooked, especially in the post-Vietnam decades, as critics have been quick to dismiss it as sentimental. In the context of Steichen's text, the exhibit was an appeal to the emotions, designed to move viewers to cross the ideological barriers of the Cold War. The Family of Man was prominently displayed at the American Exhibition in Moscow in 1959. Sandeen shows the exhibit to be a great deal more than a compendium of beautiful but unchallenging photographs. He also unfolds its multilayered relationship with and reflection of the values of postwar America.

The Gift in Sixteenth-century France

The Gift in Sixteenth-century France

  • Author: Natalie Zemon Davis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780199242887
  • Category: History
  • Page: 298
  • View: 5498
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In this gem of a book, Natalie Zemon Davis explores the role of gifts in Renaissance France. From the King's bounty to the beggar's alms, from the lavish feasting and display of civic dignitaries to the humble tokens exchanged by peasant bride and groom, the giving and receiving of gifts - then, as now - held tremendous significance. Full of vignettes which illuminate life and belief in the sixteenth century, The Gift examines how the giving of presents functioned at all levels of society. As they do today, people evaluated gifts all the time - their own gifts and those of others - deciding what was at stake, and judging whether it was a good gift, a bad gift, or even a gift at all. Sometimes gifts brought peace and amity; sometimes they led to bitter quarrels and accusations of corruption. The Reformation and its liturgy were in part a quarrel between Protestants and Catholics about whether humans can give gifts to god, and what gifts we owe each other. Natalie Zemon Davis here deploys her own gift for the retelling of sometimes poignant personal stories to offer both telling cultural detail and a true historical perspective on the turbulent era of the Renaissance and Reformation.

Windows Into Old Testament History

Windows Into Old Testament History

Evidence, Argument, and the Crisis of "biblical Israel"

  • Author: V. Philips Long,Gordon J. Wenham,David Weston Baker
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780802839626
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 204
  • View: 7045
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A team of international authors build a case for a positive appraisal of biblical Israel. Approaching the authenticity of Scripture from several angles--philosophical, archaeological, and literary--the contributors attack the issues involved in this controversial area.

The Case for Jesus

The Case for Jesus

The Biblical and Historical Evidence for Christ

  • Author: Brant Pitre
  • Publisher: Image
  • ISBN: 0770435491
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7096
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“This book will prove to be a most effective weapon… against the debunking and skeptical attitudes toward the Gospels that are so prevalent, not only in academe, but also on the street, among young people who, sadly, are leaving the Churches in droves.” – Robert Barron, author of Catholicism For well over a hundred years now, many scholars have questioned the historical truth of the Gospels, claiming that they were originally anonymous. Others have even argued that Jesus of Nazareth did not think he was God and never claimed to be divine. In The Case for Jesus, Dr. Brant Pitre, the bestselling author of Jesus and the Jewish Roots of the Eucharist, goes back to the sources—the biblical and historical evidence for Christ—in order to answer several key questions, including: • Were the four Gospels really anonymous? • Are the Gospels folklore? Or are they biographies? • Were the four Gospels written too late to be reliable? • What about the so-called “Lost Gospels,” such as “Q” and the Gospel of Thomas? • Did Jesus claim to be God? • Is Jesus divine in all four Gospels? Or only in John? • Did Jesus fulfill the Jewish prophecies of the Messiah? • Why was Jesus crucified? • What is the evidence for the Resurrection? As The Case for Jesus will show, recent discoveries in New Testament scholarship, as well as neglected evidence from ancient manuscripts and the early church fathers, together have the potential to pull the rug out from under a century of skepticism toward the traditional Gospels. Above all, Pitre shows how the divine claims of Jesus of Nazareth can only be understood by putting them in their ancient Jewish context.

The Historical Jesus of the Gospels

The Historical Jesus of the Gospels

  • Author: Craig S. Keener
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 0802868886
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 869
  • View: 9253
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The earliest substantive sources available for historical Jesus research are in the Gospels themselves; when interpreted in their early Jewish setting, their picture of Jesus is more coherent and plausible than are the competing theories offered by many modern scholars. So argues Craig Keener in The Historical Jesus of the Gospels. In exploring the depth and riches of the material found in the Synoptic Gospels, Keener shows how many works on the historical Jesus emphasize just one aspect of the Jesus tradition against others, but a much wider range of material in the Jesus tradition makes sense in an ancient Jewish setting. Keener masterfully uses a broad range of evidence from the early Jesus traditions and early Judaism to reconstruct a fuller portrait of the Jesus who lived in history.

Cold-Case Christianity

Cold-Case Christianity

A Homicide Detective Investigates the Claims of the Gospels

  • Author: J. Warner Wallace
  • Publisher: David C Cook
  • ISBN: 1434705463
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6272
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Written by an L. A. County homicide detective and former atheist, Cold-Case Christianity examines the claims of the New Testament using the skills and strategies of a hard-to-convince criminal investigator. Christianity could be defined as a “cold case”: it makes a claim about an event from the distant past for which there is little forensic evidence. In Cold-Case Christianity, J. Warner Wallace uses his nationally recognized skills as a homicide detective to look at the evidence and eyewitnesses behind Christian beliefs. Including gripping stories from his career and the visual techniques he developed in the courtroom, Wallace uses illustration to examine the powerful evidence that validates the claims of Christianity. A unique apologetic that speaks to readers’ intense interest in detective stories, Cold-Case Christianity inspires readers to have confidence in Christ as it prepares them to articulate the case for Christianity.

Did Jesus Exist?

Did Jesus Exist?

  • Author: George Albert Wells
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • ISBN: 1615923802
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 241
  • View: 9197
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Professor Wells argues that there was no historical Jesus, and in thus arguing he deals with the many recent writers who have interpreted the historical Jesus as some kind of political figure in the struggle against Rome, and calls in evidence the many contemporary theologians who agree with some of his arguments about early Christianity. The question at issue is what all the evidence adds up to. Does it establish that Jesus did or did not exist? Professor Wells concludes that the latter is the more likely hypothesis.This challenge to received thinking by both Christians and non-Christians is supported by much documentary evidence, and Professor Wells carefully examines all the relevant problems and answers all the relevant questions. He deliberately avoids polemic and speculation, and sticks so far as possible to the known facts and to rational inferences from the facts.

The Historical Reliability of the Gospels

The Historical Reliability of the Gospels

  • Author: Craig L. Blomberg
  • Publisher: InterVarsity Press
  • ISBN: 0830898093
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 417
  • View: 6021
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For over twenty years, Craig Blomberg's The Historical Reliability of the Gospels has provided a useful antidote to many of the toxic effects of skeptical criticism of the Gospels. Offering a calm, balanced overview of the history of Gospel criticism, especially that of the late twentieth century, Blomberg introduces readers to the methods employed by New Testament scholars and shows both the values and limits of those methods. He then delves more deeply into the question of miracles, Synoptic discrepancies and the differences between the Synoptics and John. After an assessment of noncanonical Jesus tradition, he addresses issues of historical method directly. This new edition has been thoroughly updated in light of new developments with numerous additions to the footnotes and two added appendixes. Readers will find that over the past twenty years, the case for the historical trustworthiness of the Gospels has grown vastly stronger.

Marshall Plan Modernism

Marshall Plan Modernism

Italian Postwar Abstraction and the Beginnings of Autonomia

  • Author: Jaleh Mansoor
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822373688
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9202
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Focusing on artwork by Lucio Fontana, Alberto Burri, and Piero Manzoni, Jaleh Mansoor demonstrates and reveals how abstract painting, especially the monochrome, broke with fascist-associated futurism and functioned as an index of social transition in postwar Italy. Mansoor refuses to read the singularly striking formal and procedural violence of Fontana's slit canvasses, Burri's burnt and exploded plastics, and Manzoni's "achromes" as metaphors of traumatic memories of World War II. Rather, she locates the motivation for this violence in the history of the medium of painting and in the economic history of postwar Italy. Reconfiguring the relationship between politics and aesthetics, Mansoor illuminates how the monochrome's reemergence reflected Fontana, Burri, and Manzoni's aesthetic and political critique of the Marshall Plan's economic warfare and growing American hegemony. It also anticipated the struggles in Italy's factories, classrooms, and streets that gave rise to Autonomia in the 1960s. Marshall Plan Modernism refigures our understanding of modernist painting as a project about labor and the geopolitics of postwar reconstruction during the Italian Miracle.

Jesus of Nazareth

Jesus of Nazareth

An Independent Historian's Account of His Life and Teaching

  • Author: Maurice Casey
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 0567645177
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 560
  • View: 4048
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Finding the Historical Jesus

Finding the Historical Jesus

Rules of Evidence

  • Author: Robert W. Funk,Robert J. Miller,Stephen J. Patterson
  • Publisher: Polebridge Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 93
  • View: 9791
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How does one begin the search for the historical Jesus? What are the rules or criteria for sorting through the evidence? These are the most important questions in the quest of the historical Jesus, and their answers are not obvious. In Finding the Historical Jesus, six veterans of the Jesus Seminar help readers negotiate this thicket. Robert Miller develops criteria for differentiating between history and belief. Robert Funk examines the oral character of the Jesus tradition. Stephen Patterson takes readers through the issues involved with the Gospel of Thomas while Robert Fortna looks at the significance of the Gospel of John and Joseph Tyson explores the dating of ancient texts. The volume concludes with a survey of the history of the quest by Lane McGaughy who shows how the criteria have emerged and shifted over the years. For readers looking to discover who Jesus was, this is where the quest begins. Book jacket.

The Idea of History

The Idea of History

  • Author: Robin George Collingwood
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0192853066
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 510
  • View: 2665
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Newly restored and re-edited edition of the philosophic classic.

In the Time of Madness

In the Time of Madness

Indonesia on the Edge of Chaos

  • Author: Richard Lloyd Parry
  • Publisher: Grove Press
  • ISBN: 9780802142931
  • Category: History
  • Page: 315
  • View: 7859
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A riveting study of the violent and turbulent nation of Indonesia describes how the tumultuous end of the reign of the dictator General Suharto led to a savage and murderous rampage, a situation complicated by economic turmoil, volcanic eruption, East Timor's struggle for independence, and other disasters. Reprint.

Psychology, Law and Eyewitness Testimony

Psychology, Law and Eyewitness Testimony

  • Author: Peter B. Ainsworth
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 9780471982388
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 210
  • View: 7249
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Psychology, Law and Eyewitness Testimony Peter B. Ainsworth, University of Manchester, UK Before giving evidence, witnesses have to swear to tell 'the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth'. Given current knowledge about human perception and memory, it is unlikely that witnesses will be able to keep this promise. Many professionals within the criminal justice and legal system are involved in recording and assessing eyewitness testimony, sometimes with unrealistic expectations of the ability of eyewitnesses to provide accurate and objective testimony: they, and students of psychology, law and criminology, will welcome this up-to-date, accessible survey of the concepts and research which now inform our knowledge of this field. Peter Ainsworth, an experienced lecturer and researcher, has written this book in a style suitable for non-specialists, and focuses on how and why witnesses make mistakes, how psychologists can help, and how legal procedures can be improved (for instance, by reducing the pressure on witnesses to guess). The text is authoritative, backed by references to key research, and well illustrated by examples of how psychology and law are interlinked in the study of eyewitness behaviour. "From some books you take new knowledge. Some books consolidate knowledge by clear writing. Occasionally, as in this book, you get both. Peter Ainsworth has done his readers a favour by presenting complex material simply yet succinctly. I hope the book enjoys the wide professional readership which it merits." Ken Pease, OBE, Professor of Criminology, University of Huddersfield, UK

Memory and Miscarriages of Justice

Memory and Miscarriages of Justice

  • Author: Mark L. Howe,Lauren M. Knott,Martin A. Conway
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 131761738X
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 206
  • View: 5549
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Memory is often the primary evidence in the courtroom, yet unfortunately this evidence may not be fit for purpose. This is because memory is both fallible and malleable; it is possible to forget and also to falsely remember things which never happened. The legal system has been slow to adapt to scientific findings about memory even though such findings have implications for the use of memory as evidence, not only in the case of eyewitness testimony, but also for how jurors, barristers, and judges weigh evidence. Memory and Miscarriages of Justice provides an authoritative look at the role of memory in law and highlights the common misunderstandings surrounding it while bringing the modern scientific understanding of memory to the forefront. Drawing on the latest research, this book examines cases where memory has played a role in miscarriages of justice and makes recommendations from the science of memory to support the future of memory evidence in the legal system. Appealing to undergraduate and postgraduate students of psychology and law, memory experts, and legal professionals, this book provides an insightful and global view of the use of memory within the legal system.

Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony

  • Author: Richard Bauckham
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 1467446807
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 704
  • View: 2318
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A groundbreaking work in New Testament studies expanded and updated Winner of the 2007 Christianity Today Book Award in Biblical Studies, this momentous volume argues that the four Gospels are closely based on the eyewitness testimony of those who personally knew Jesus. Noted New Testament scholar Richard Bauckham challenges the prevailing assumption that the Jesus accounts circulated as "anonymous community traditions," asserting instead that they were transmitted in the names of the original eyewitnesses. In this expanded second edition Bauckham is adding a new preface, three substantial new chapters that respond to critics and clarify key points of his argument, and a comprehensive new bibliography.

Social History of Knowledge

Social History of Knowledge

From Gutenberg to Diderot

  • Author: Peter Burke
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745676863
  • Category: History
  • Page: 648
  • View: 5169
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In this book Peter Burke adopts a socio-cultural approach to examine the changes in the organization of knowledge in Europe from the invention of printing to the publication of the French Encyclopédie. The book opens with an assessment of different sociologies of knowledge from Mannheim to Foucault and beyond, and goes on to discuss intellectuals as a social group and the social institutions (especially universities and academies) which encouraged or discouraged intellectual innovation. Then, in a series of separate chapters, Burke explores the geography, anthropology, politics and economics of knowledge, focusing on the role of cities, academies, states and markets in the process of gathering, classifying, spreading and sometimes concealing information. The final chapters deal with knowledge from the point of view of the individual reader, listener, viewer or consumer, including the problem of the reliability of knowledge discussed so vigorously in the seventeenth century. One of the most original features of this book is its discussion of knowledges in the plural. It centres on printed knowledge, especially academic knowledge, but it treats the history of the knowledge 'explosion' which followed the invention of printing and the discovery of the world beyond Europe as a process of exchange or negotiation between different knowledges, such as male and female, theoretical and practical, high-status and low-status, and European and non-European. Although written primarily as a contribution to social or socio-cultural history, this book will also be of interest to historians of science, sociologists, anthropologists, geographers and others in another age of information explosion.