Search Results for "fairness-and-freedom"

Fairness and Freedom

Fairness and Freedom

A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

  • Author: David Hackett Fischer
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199832706
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 629
  • View: 7471
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Explores why the political similarities between New Zealand and the United States--including democratic politics, mixed-enterprise economies, a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law and more--have taken on different forms.

Fairness and Freedom

Fairness and Freedom

A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

  • Author: David Hackett Fischer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199912955
  • Category: History
  • Page: 656
  • View: 2786
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Fairness and Freedom compares the history of two open societies--New Zealand and the United States--with much in common. Both have democratic polities, mixed-enterprise economies, individuated societies, pluralist cultures, and a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law. But all of these elements take different forms, because constellations of value are far apart. The dream of living free is America's Polaris; fairness and natural justice are New Zealand's Southern Cross. Fischer asks why these similar countries went different ways. Both were founded by English-speaking colonists, but at different times and with disparate purposes. They lived in the first and second British Empires, which operated in very different ways. Indians and Maori were important agents of change, but to different ends. On the American frontier and in New Zealand's Bush, material possibilities and moral choices were not the same. Fischer takes the same comparative approach to parallel processes of nation-building and immigration, women's rights and racial wrongs, reform causes and conservative responses, war-fighting and peace-making, and global engagement in our own time--with similar results. On another level, this book expands Fischer's past work on liberty and freedom. It is the first book to be published on the history of fairness. And it also poses new questions in the old tradition of history and moral philosophy. Is it possible to be both fair and free? In a vast array of evidence, Fischer finds that the strengths of these great values are needed to correct their weaknesses. As many societies seek to become more open--never twice in the same way, an understanding of our differences is the only path to peace.

Fairness and Freedom

Fairness and Freedom

A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

  • Author: David Hackett Fischer
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199832706
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 629
  • View: 1449
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Explores why the political similarities between New Zealand and the United States--including democratic politics, mixed-enterprise economies, a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law and more--have taken on different forms.

Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality

Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality

  • Author: G. A. Cohen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107393434
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9008
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In this book G. A. Cohen examines the libertarian principle of self-ownership, which says that each person belongs to himself and therefore owes no service or product to anyone else. This principle is used to defend capitalist inequality, which is said to reflect each person's freedom to do as as he wishes with himself. The author argues that self-ownership cannot deliver the freedom it promises to secure, thereby undermining the idea that lovers of freedom should embrace capitalism and the inequality that comes with it. He goes on to show that the standard Marxist condemnation of exploitation implies an endorsement of self-ownership, since, in the Marxist conception, the employer steals from the worker what should belong to her, because she produced it. Thereby a deeply inegalitarian notion has penetrated what is in aspiration an egalitarian theory. Purging that notion from socialist thought, he argues, enables construction of a more consistent egalitarianism.

Coding Freedom

Coding Freedom

The Ethics and Aesthetics of Hacking

  • Author: E. Gabriella Coleman
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691144613
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 254
  • View: 7017
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Who are computer hackers? What is free software? And what does the emergence of a community dedicated to the production of free and open source software--and to hacking as a technical, aesthetic, and moral project--reveal about the values of contemporary liberalism? Exploring the rise and political significance of the free and open source software (F/OSS) movement in the United States and Europe, Coding Freedom details the ethics behind hackers' devotion to F/OSS, the social codes that guide its production, and the political struggles through which hackers question the scope and direction of copyright and patent law. In telling the story of the F/OSS movement, the book unfolds a broader narrative involving computing, the politics of access, and intellectual property. E. Gabriella Coleman tracks the ways in which hackers collaborate and examines passionate manifestos, hacker humor, free software project governance, and festive hacker conferences. Looking at the ways that hackers sustain their productive freedom, Coleman shows that these activists, driven by a commitment to their work, reformulate key ideals including free speech, transparency, and meritocracy, and refuse restrictive intellectual protections. Coleman demonstrates how hacking, so often marginalized or misunderstood, sheds light on the continuing relevance of liberalism in online collaboration.

Education Law

Education Law

Equality, Fairness, and Reform

  • Author: Derek Black,Robert A. Garda Jr.,John E. Taylor,Emily Gold Waldman
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
  • ISBN: 1454882220
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 1139
  • View: 7051
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Written by Derek Black, Education Law Association’s 2015 Goldberg Award for Most Significant Publication in Education Law recipient, this second edition casebook develops Education Law through the themes of equality, fairness, and reform. Specifically, Education Law: Equality, Fairness, and Reform, Second Edition, focuses on the laws of equal educational opportunity for various different disadvantaged student populations, the recent reform movements designed to improve education, and the general constitutional rights that extend to all students. Updates included in the second edition include a new chapter devoted to teachers’ rights and reforms, including terminations, tenure, unions, and teacher evaluation, an entirely rewritten chapter on federal policy to incorporate the Every Student Succeeds Act and expansion of sections dealing with sexual orientation and gender identity. New chapter devoted to teachers’ rights and reforms, including terminations, tenure, unions, and teacher evaluation. Entirely rewritten chapter on federal policy to incorporate the Every Student Succeeds Act. Expansion of sections dealing with sexual orientation and gender identity, including the recent Fourth Circuit decision in Grimm v. Gloucester County. Reprint of Taylor v. Itawamba, the story of a protest rap song that captured the nation’s attention this past year. Additional focus on administrative remedies where court decisions have constrained private causes of action.

A Theory of Justice

A Theory of Justice

  • Author: John RAWLS
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674042603
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 623
  • View: 9088
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Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

Against Fairness

Against Fairness

  • Author: Stephen T. Asma
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226923460
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8791
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From the school yard to the workplace, there’s no charge more damning than “You’re being unfair!” Born out of democracy and raised in open markets, fairness has become our de facto modern creed. The very symbol of American ethics—Lady Justice—wears a blindfold as she weighs the law on her impartial scale. In our zealous pursuit of fairness, we have banished our urges to like one person more than another, one thing over another, hiding them away as dirty secrets of our humanity. In Against Fairness, polymath philosopher Stephen T. Asma drags them triumphantly back into the light. Through playful, witty, but always serious arguments and examples, he vindicates our unspoken and undeniable instinct to favor, making the case that we would all be better off if we showed our unfair tendencies a little more kindness—indeed, if we favored favoritism. Conscious of the egalitarian feathers his argument is sure to ruffle, Asma makes his point by synthesizing a startling array of scientific findings, historical philosophies, cultural practices, analytic arguments, and a variety of personal and literary narratives to give a remarkably nuanced and thorough understanding of how fairness and favoritism fit within our moral architecture. Examining everything from the survival-enhancing biochemistry that makes our mothers love us to the motivating properties of our “affective community,” he not only shows how we favor but the reasons we should. Drawing on thinkers from Confucius to Tocqueville to Nietzsche, he reveals how we have confused fairness with more noble traits, like compassion and open-mindedness. He dismantles a number of seemingly egalitarian pursuits, from classwide Valentine’s Day cards to civil rights, to reveal the envy that lies at their hearts, going on to prove that we can still be kind to strangers, have no prejudice, and fight for equal opportunity at the same time we reserve the best of what we can offer for those dearest to us. Fed up with the blue-ribbons-for-all absurdity of "fairness" today, and wary of the psychological paralysis it creates, Asma resets our moral compass with favoritism as its lodestar, providing a strikingly new and remarkably positive way to think through all our actions, big and small. Watch an animated book trailer here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GjPhTQ9zi5Q

Freedom Manifesto

Freedom Manifesto

Why Free Markets Are Moral and Big Government Isn't

  • Author: Steve Forbes,Elizabeth Ames
  • Publisher: Crown Business
  • ISBN: 0307951596
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 288
  • View: 7767
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From Steve Forbes, the iconic editor in chief of Forbes Media, and Elizabeth Ames coauthors of How Capitalism Will Save Us—comes a new way of thinking about the role of government and the morality of free markets. Americans today are at a turning point. Are we a coun­try founded on the values of freedom and limited gov­ernment, as envisioned by the founding fathers in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution? Or do we want to become a European-style socialist democ­racy? What best serves the public good—freedom or Big Government? In Freedom Manifesto, Forbes and Ames offer a new twist on this historic debate. Today’s bloated and bureau­cratic government, they argue, is anything but a force for compassion. Instead of assuring fairness, it promotes favoritism. Instead of furthering opportunity, it stifles economic growth. Instead of unleashing innovation and material abundance, its regulations and price controls create rigidity and scarcity. Not only are Big Govern­ment’s inefficient and ever-expanding bureaucracies ill-equipped to deliver on their promises—they are often guilty of the very greed, excess, and corruption routinely ascribed to the private sector. The only way to a truly fair and moral society, the authors say, is through economic freedom—free people and free markets. Throughout history, open markets have helped the poor and everyone else by unleashing unprecedented creativity, generating wealth, and raising living standards. Promoting trust, generosity, and de­mocracy, economic freedom has been a more powerful force for individual rights, self-determination—and hu­manity—than any government bureaucracy. Freedom Manifesto captures the spirit of a new movement that is questioning old ideas about the mo­rality of government and markets for the first time since the Great Depression. Going beyond the familiar explanations and sound bites, the authors provide a fully developed framework of “first principles” for a true understanding of the real moral and ethical distinctions between more and less government. This timely and provocative book shows why free markets and liberty are the only way to a better future and a fair and humane society.

Political Philosophy, Clearly

Political Philosophy, Clearly

Essays on Freedom and Fairness, Property and Equalities

  • Author: Anthony De Jasay
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 347
  • View: 8012
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"Political Philosophy, Clearly delivers on the promise of its title: essays that tackle foundational political issues such as the relationship between justice and liberty, the role of property, and the effect of confusing liberty with "rights" and justice with "fairness." Although these issues are complex, Jasay lays out his libertarian philosophy with clarity and passion." "The articles collected in this volume delve deeply into the realm of political thought and its philosophical criticism. They will appeal to students of philosophy, politics, and economics, or anyone who is interested in a clear, jargon-free account of libertarian thought." --Book Jacket.

Winning Revolutions: The Psychosocial Dynamics of Revolts for Freedom, Fairness, and Rights [3 volumes]

Winning Revolutions: The Psychosocial Dynamics of Revolts for Freedom, Fairness, and Rights [3 volumes]

The Psychosocial Dynamics of Revolts for Freedom, Fairness, and Rights

  • Author: J. Harold Ellens
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1440803730
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 856
  • View: 8806
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The product of 35 senior scholars' research, these volumes examine the psychology driving the religious, political, and economic forces that cause turbulence and violence in human society. • Comprehensively analyzes the entire range of economic, political, and religious factors in social revolts • Brings to bear evidence from ancient archaeology, up-to-date psychological models, thoroughgoing sociological analysis, and objective historical reporting • Provides unprecedented coverage of the relevant issues in Greco-Roman, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious dynamics that cause immense sociocultural turbulence and watershed world change • Presents a proposed unified theory of revolution throughout the work while also distinguishing and identifying individual religious, political, and economic forces and outcomes

Tax and Fairness

Tax and Fairness

  • Author: Deborah Russell,Terry Baucher
  • Publisher: Bridget Williams Books
  • ISBN: 0947518614
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 120
  • View: 1163
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The world has changed a lot in the last thirty years, but New Zealand’s tax system hasn’t. Since the 1980s New Zealand’s taxation policy has remained the same, despite substantial economic and social changes. The system may be familiar, but is it fair? Deborah Russell and Terry Baucher’s lively analysis shows why answers to this question cut to the heart of whether New Zealand can be considered an egalitarian country. Drawing on the latest evidence and using plain language, they explore thorny issues such as the taxation of housing, multinationals and inequality between generations. The remedies proposed in this short book will help change the way New Zealanders think about tax in the twenty-first century.

Australian Mental Health Tribunals

Australian Mental Health Tribunals

Space for Fairness, Freedom, Protection & Treatment?

  • Author: Terry Carney
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781921113055
  • Category: Administrative discretion
  • Page: 353
  • View: 9443
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This monograph provides a comprehensive examination of mental health tribunal hearings in Australia. It deals with a wide and far-reaching landscape of theories and concepts and their practical application to the day-to-day operations of the tribunals in New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory.The study is extensive and broad in its approach, going beyond a critical assessment of the individual tribunals to an examination of the supporting mental health services, and of the complex area of human rights as they relate to the care and treatment of people with a mental illness.It documents the universal tensions between the 'pragmatic' (what is 'affordable' and 'politically acceptable'), the 'normative' (human rights and common law principles) and the 'evidence based' (what 'works best'). The entire discourse is framed within a concern to uphold the rights of those living with a mental illness and a desire to bring about paradigm-shifting changes to improve mental health processes for all stakeholders.It presents considered views on tribunals' future directions, commending existing 'good practices' and charting possible directions for reform of legislation and operations.

Free Market Fairness

Free Market Fairness

  • Author: John Tomasi
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400842395
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1913
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Can libertarians care about social justice? In Free Market Fairness, John Tomasi argues that they can and should. Drawing simultaneously on moral insights from defenders of economic liberty such as F. A. Hayek and advocates of social justice such as John Rawls, Tomasi presents a new theory of liberal justice. This theory, free market fairness, is committed to both limited government and the material betterment of the poor. Unlike traditional libertarians, Tomasi argues that property rights are best defended not in terms of self-ownership or economic efficiency but as requirements of democratic legitimacy. At the same time, he encourages egalitarians concerned about social justice to listen more sympathetically to the claims ordinary citizens make about the importance of private economic liberty in their daily lives. In place of the familiar social democratic interpretations of social justice, Tomasi offers a "market democratic" conception of social justice: free market fairness. Tomasi argues that free market fairness, with its twin commitment to economic liberty and a fair distribution of goods and opportunities, is a morally superior account of liberal justice. Free market fairness is also a distinctively American ideal. It extends the notion, prominent in America's founding period, that protection of property and promotion of real opportunity are indivisible goals. Indeed, according to Tomasi, free market fairness is social justice, American style. Provocative and vigorously argued, Free Market Fairness offers a bold new way of thinking about politics, economics, and justice--one that will challenge readers on both the left and right.

Liberty and Freedom

Liberty and Freedom

A Visual History of America's Founding Ideas

  • Author: David Hackett Fischer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780195162530
  • Category: History
  • Page: 851
  • View: 5155
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The bestselling author of "Washington's Crossing" and "Albion's Seed" offers a strikingly original history of America's founding principles. Fischer examines liberty and freedom not as philosophical or political abstractions, but as folkways and popular beliefs deeply embedded in American culture. 400+ illustrations, 250 in full color.

Idealism and Freedom

Idealism and Freedom

Essays on Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy

  • Author: Henry E. Allison
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521483377
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 217
  • View: 4339
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Henry Allison is one of the foremost interpreters of the philosophy of Kant. This new volume collects all his recent essays on Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy. Special features of the collection are: a detailed defense of the author's interpretation of transcendental idealism; a consideration of the Transcendental Deduction and some other recent interpretations thereof; further elaborations of the tensions between various aspects of Kant's conception of freedom and of the complex role of this conception within Kant's moral philosophy.

Freedom Summer

Freedom Summer

  • Author: Deborah Wiles
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 0689830165
  • Category: Juvenile Fiction
  • Page: 32
  • View: 8736
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In 1964, Joe is pleased that a new law will allow his best friend John Henry, who is black, to share the town pool and other public places with him, but he is dismayed to find that prejudice still exists.

American Capitalism

American Capitalism

The Concept of Countervailing Power

  • Author: John Galbraith
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351532871
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 2730
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In his new introduction to this classic text on political economy, Galbraith reasserts the validity of the core thesis of American Capitalism: The best and established answer to economic power is the building of countervailing power. The trade union remains an equalizing force in the labor markets, and the chain store is the best answer to the market power of big food companies. This work remains an essential guidepost of American mores as well as that as of the American economy.

The Road to Freedom

The Road to Freedom

How to Win the Fight for Free Enterprise

  • Author: Arthur C. Brooks
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465029418
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 5540
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Entrepreneurship, personal responsibility, and upward mobility: These traditions are at the heart of the free enterprise system, and have long been central to America’s exceptional culture. In recent years, however, policymakers have dramatically weakened these traditions—by exploding the size of government, propping up their corporate cronies, and trying to reorient our system from rewarding merit to redistributing wealth. In The Road to Freedom, American Enterprise Institute President Arthur C. Brooks shows that this trend cannot be reversed through materialistic appeals about the economic efficiency of capitalism. Rather, free enterprise requires a moral defense rooted in the ideals of earned success, equality of opportunity, charity, and basic fairness. Brooks builds this defense and demonstrates how it is central to understanding the major policy issues facing America today. The future of the free enterprise system has become a central issue in our national debate, and Brooks offers a practical manual for defending it over the coming years. Both a moral manifesto and a prescription for concrete policy changes, The Road to Freedom will help Americans in all walks of life translate the philosophy of free enterprise into action, to restore both our nation’s greatness and our own well-being in the process.