Search Results for "family-and-the-courts-in-modern-egypt-a-study-based-on-decisions-by-the-sharia-courts-1900-1955-studies-in-islamic-law-and-society-v-3"

Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures

Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures

Family, Law and Politics

  • Author: Suad Joseph,Afsāna Naǧmābādī
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004128182
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 837
  • View: 3088
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Family, Law and Politics, Volume II of the Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, brings together over 360 entries on women, family, law, politics, and Islamic cultures around the world.

Constituting Religion

Constituting Religion

Islam, Liberal Rights, and the Malaysian State

  • Author: Tamir Moustafa
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108334075
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7847
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Most Muslim-majority countries have legal systems that enshrine both Islam and liberal rights. While not necessarily at odds, these dual commitments nonetheless provide legal and symbolic resources for activists to advance contending visions for their states and societies. Using the case study of Malaysia, Constituting Religion examines how these legal arrangements enable litigation and feed the construction of a 'rights-versus-rites binary' in law, politics, and the popular imagination. By drawing on extensive primary source material and tracing controversial cases from the court of law to the court of public opinion, this study theorizes the 'judicialization of religion' and the radiating effects of courts on popular legal and religious consciousness. The book documents how legal institutions catalyze ideological struggles, which stand to redefine the nation and its politics. Probing the links between legal pluralism, social movements, secularism, and political Islamism, Constituting Religion sheds new light on the confluence of law, religion, politics, and society. This title is also available as Open Access.

Family and the Courts in Modern Egypt

Family and the Courts in Modern Egypt

A Study Based on Decisions by the Sharīʻa Courts, 1900-1955

  • Author: Rôn Šaham
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004107427
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 262
  • View: 6127
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This important new study describes and analyzes the response of Egyptian society, as reflected in court decisions, to legal reform pertaining to matters of personal status and succession during the first half of the twentieth century. The main issues in this regard are the extent to which traditional law and legal reform are implemented or circumvented in daily practice, and the role of the judges in this process. "Family and the Courts in Modern Egypt" contains three parts: marriage, divorce, and intergenerational relations. Scholars and the general reader will find its main contribution to be its systematic analysis of court records relating to the application of modern reforms in family matters; and its attempt to situate the legal aspects of family life within the larger context of socio-economic development in Egyptian society.

Establishing Law and Order After Conflict

Establishing Law and Order After Conflict

  • Author: Seth G. Jones,Jeremy M. Wilson,Andrew Rathmell,K. Jack Riley
  • Publisher: Rand Corporation
  • ISBN: 0833040928
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 292
  • View: 8163
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In a nation-building operation, outside states invest much of their resources in establishing and maintaining the host country's police, internal security forces, and justice system. This book examines post-Cold War reconstruction efforts, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan, and assesses the success of U.S. and allied efforts in reconstructing internal security institutions.

Islamic Family Law in A Changing World

Islamic Family Law in A Changing World

A Global Resource Book

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Zed Books
  • ISBN: 9781842770931
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9152
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a uniquely comprehensive and up-to-date volume spanning nine regions and 38 Islamic countries around the world. More than a billion Muslims have their lives in such matters as marriage, divorce, maintenance, paternity and the custody of children governed by certain aspects of the Shari'a, commonly known as Islamic Family Law. But as the team who have put together this resource book point out, this does not mean that identical principles apply everywhere. In fact, as the socio-cultural and historical contextualisations which precede each country's legal profile make clear, the practical application of Shari'a principles is often modified by theological differences of interpretation, particular customary practices in the country concerned, and state policy and law.This volume documents the scope and actual manner of application of Islamic Family Law worldwide. Part of its purpose is the assumption that while changing social conditions - including a commitment to certain universal human rights -- make legal reform necessary, any strategy must be based first of all on the best possible factual foundations. And secondly, since Islamic Family Law has become contested ground between conservative and fundamentalist forces on the one hand and modernist and liberal trends on the other in most Islamic countries, reform must be conceived only in realistic terms and advocated in ways that motivate and empower potential supporters working in their own communities. This work is a uniquely valuable resource for lawyers, social policymakers and scholars. It is also a contribution to the historical challenge which Islamic societies confront in reforming personal and family law.

Women and Politics in Iran

Women and Politics in Iran

Veiling, Unveiling, and Reveiling

  • Author: Hamideh Sedghi
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139463721
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5785
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Why were urban women veiled in the early 1900s, unveiled from 1936 to 1979, and reveiled after the 1979 revolution? This question forms the basis of Hamideh Sedghi's original and unprecedented contribution to politics and Middle Eastern studies. Using primary and secondary sources, Sedghi offers new knowledge on women's agency in relation to state power. In this rigorous analysis she places contention over women at the centre of the political struggle between secular and religious forces and demonstrates that control over women's identities, sexuality, and labor has been central to the consolidation of state power. Sedghi links politics and culture with economics to present an integrated analysis of the private and public lives of different classes of women and their modes of resistance to state power.

Land, Law and Islam

Land, Law and Islam

Property and Human Rights in the Muslim World

  • Author: Hilary Lim
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1848137206
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4331
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this pioneering work Siraj Sait and Hilary Lim address Islamic property and land rights, drawing on a range of socio-historical, classical and contemporary resources. They address the significance of Islamic theories of property and Islamic land tenure regimes on the 'webs of tenure' prevalent in the Muslim societies. They consider the possibility of using Islamic legal and human rights systems for the development of inclusive, pro-poor approaches to land rights. They also focus on Muslim women's rights to property and inheritance systems. Engaging with institutions such as the Islamic endowment (waqf) and principles of Islamic microfinance, they test the workability of 'authentic' Islamic proposals. Located in human rights as well as Islamic debates, this study offers a well researched and constructive appraisal of property and land rights in the Muslim world.

Islamic Marriage and Divorce Laws of the Arab World

Islamic Marriage and Divorce Laws of the Arab World

  • Author: Dawoud Sudqi El Alami,Doreen Hinchcliffe
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Divorce
  • Page: 279
  • View: 6315
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Whilst other works exist which examine the Islamic law of personal status, this is the first to set out in a single volume the laws relating to marriage and divorce in the Arab states, both codified and uncodified, in a manner which will enable the reader to look up the provisions of the law in specific areas and, where required, to compare the positions of the laws of different countries.

The Different aspects of Islamic culture

The Different aspects of Islamic culture

Islam in the World today; Retrospective of the evolution of Islam and the Muslim world

  • Author: Ali, Abdulrahim,Thiam, Iba Der,Talib, Yusof A.
  • Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
  • ISBN: 9231001329
  • Category:
  • Page: 544
  • View: 8763
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Human Rights, Southern Voices

Human Rights, Southern Voices

Francis Deng, Abdullahi An-Na'im, Yash Ghai and Upendra Baxi

  • Author: William Twining
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521113210
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 238
  • View: 6741
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This anthology contains a variety of Southern perspectives on human rights and contemporary issues relating to Islam, African custom, constitution making and abuses of the language of human rights.

Women and the Colonial State

Women and the Colonial State

Essays on Gender and Modernity in the Netherlands Indies, 1900-1942

  • Author: Elsbeth Locher-Scholten
  • Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
  • ISBN: 9789053564035
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 251
  • View: 9274
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Woman and the Colonial State deals with the ambiguous relationship between women of both the European and the Indonesian population and the colonial state in the former Netherlands Indies in the first half of the twentieth century. Based on new data from a variety of sources: colonial archives, journals, household manuals, children's literature, and press surveys, it analyses the women-state relationship by presenting five empirical studies on subjects, in which women figured prominently at the time: Indonesian labour, Indonesian servants in colonial homes, Dutch colonial fashion and food, the feminist struggle for the vote and the intense debate about monogamy of and by women at the end of the 1930s. An introductory essay combines the outcomes of the case studies and relates those to debates about Orientalism, the construction of whiteness, and to questions of modernity and the colonial state formation.

Religious Rules, State Law, and Normative Pluralism - A Comparative Overview

Religious Rules, State Law, and Normative Pluralism - A Comparative Overview

  • Author: Rossella Bottoni,Rinaldo Cristofori,Silvio Ferrari
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319283359
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 420
  • View: 8677
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is devoted to the study of the interplay between religious rules and State law. It explores how State recognition of religious rules can affect the degree of legal diversity that is available to citizens and why such recognition sometime results in more individual and collective freedom and sometime in a threat to equality of citizens before the law. The first part of the book contains a few contributions that place this discussion within the wider debate on legal pluralism. While State law and religious rules are two normative systems among many others, the specific characteristics of the latter are at the heart of tensions that emerge with increasing frequency in many countries. The second part is devoted to the analysis of about twenty national cases that provide an overview of the different tools and strategies that are employed to manage the relationship between State law and religious rules all over the world.

Capital as Power

Capital as Power

A Study of Order and Creorder

  • Author: Jonathan Nitzan,Shimshon Bichler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134022298
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 7714
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Conventional theories of capitalism are mired in a deep crisis: after centuries of debate, they are still unable to tell us what capital is. Liberals and Marxists both think of capital as an ‘economic’ entity that they count in universal units of ‘utils’ or ‘abstract labour’, respectively. But these units are totally fictitious. Nobody has ever been able to observe or measure them, and for a good reason: they don’t exist. Since liberalism and Marxism depend on these non-existing units, their theories hang in suspension. They cannot explain the process that matters most – the accumulation of capital. This book offers a radical alternative. According to the authors, capital is not a narrow economic entity, but a symbolic quantification of power. It has little to do with utility or abstract labour, and it extends far beyond machines and production lines. Capital, the authors claim, represents the organized power of dominant capital groups to reshape – or creorder – their society. Written in simple language, accessible to lay readers and experts alike, the book develops a novel political economy. It takes the reader through the history, assumptions and limitations of mainstream economics and its associated theories of politics. It examines the evolution of Marxist thinking on accumulation and the state. And it articulates an innovative theory of ‘capital as power’ and a new history of the ‘capitalist mode of power’.

A Peaceful Jihad

A Peaceful Jihad

Negotiating Identity and Modernity in Muslim Java

  • Author: R. Lukens-Bull
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1403980292
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 9651
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Based on extensive ethnographic research, this book examines how the Islamic community in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating both modernity and tradition in the contexts of nation-building, globalisation, and a supposed clash of civilizations. The pesantren community, so-called because it is centered around an educational institution called the pesantren, uses education as a central arena for dealing with globalization and the construction and maintenance of an Indonesian Islamic identity. However, the community's efforts to wrestle with these issues extend beyond education into the public sphere in general and specifically in the area of leadership and politics. The case material is used to understand Muslim strategies and responses to civilizational contact and conflict. Scholars, educated readers, and advanced undergraduates interested in Islam, religious education, the construction of religious identity in the context of national politics and globalization will find this work useful.

Suicide Terrorism

Suicide Terrorism

  • Author: Ami Pedahzur
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 9780745633831
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 261
  • View: 9167
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Suicide terrorism in its modern form made its first appearance in Lebanon in the early 1980s. Over the last quarter century, terrorist attacks perpetrated by suicide bombers have spread to many corners of the world and have become a major threat for both the governments and citizens of numerous countries. Can this devastating phenomenon be attributed to a specific religion or culture? What are the causes and motivations that lead ordinary people to embark upon suicide attacks? How are potential bombers trained for their mission? And is it possible for democratic governments to effectively cope with this challenge? In this compelling book, Ami Pedazhur investigates the root causes of suicide terrorism and its rapid proliferation in recent years. Drawing on a variety of sources, the book explores the use of human bombs in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, and the ostentatious attacks of Al–Qaeda and the global jihad. It is the only book to offer such an in–depth, up–to–date, cross cultural analysis of suicide terrorism in the twenty–first Century.

Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry

Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry

Selected Papers from the International Halal Conference 2014

  • Author: Siti Khadijah Ab. Manan,Fadilah Abd Rahman,Mardhiyyah Sahri
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9811014523
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 597
  • View: 1958
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book features more than 50 papers presented at the International Halal Conference 2014, which was held in Istanbul and organised by the Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies of Universiti Teknologi MARA. It addresses the challenges facing Muslims involved in halal industries in meeting the increasing global demand. The papers cover topics such as halal food, halal pharmaceuticals, halal cosmetics and personal care, halal logistics, halal testing and analysis and ethics in the halal industry. Overall, the volume offers a comprehensive point of view on Islamic principles relating to the halal business, industry, culture, food, safety, finance and other aspects of life. The contributors include experts from various disciplines who apply a variety of scientific research methodologies. They present perspectives that range from the experimental to the philosophical. This volume will appeal to scholars at all levels of qualification and experience who seek a clearer understanding of important issues in the halal industry.

Islam, Law and Identity

Islam, Law and Identity

  • Author: Marinos Diamantides,Adam Gearey
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136675647
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 280
  • View: 9073
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The essays brought together in Islam, Law and Identity are the product of a series of interdisciplinary workshops that brought together scholars from a plethora of countries.? Funded by the British Academy the workshops convened over a period of two years in London, Cairo and Izmir. The workshops and the ensuing papers focus on recent debates about the nature of sacred and secular law and most engage case studies from specific countries including Egypt, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Pakistan and the UK. Islam, Law and Identity also addresses broader and over-arching concerns about relationships between religion, human rights, law and modernity. Drawing on a variety of theoretical and empirical approaches, the collection presents law as central to the complex ways in which different Muslim communities and institutions create and re-create their identities around inherently ambiguous symbols of faith. From their different perspectives, the essays argue that there is no essential conflict between secular law and Shari`a but various different articulations of the sacred and the secular.? Islam, Law and Identity explores a more nuanced and sophisticated understanding of the tensions that animate such terms as Shari`a law, modernity and secularization

Colonial and Post-colonial Governance of Islam

Colonial and Post-colonial Governance of Islam

Continuities and Ruptures

  • Author: Marcel Maussen,Veit-Michael Bader,Annelies Moors
  • Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
  • ISBN: 9089643567
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 3929
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Colonial and post-colonial governance of Islam" is een heldere weergave van de kansen en belemmeringen voor de islam vanuit een bestuurlijke benadering met speciale aandacht voor de voortdurende strijd rond de codificatie van islamitisch onderwijs, religieuze autoriteit, wetgeving en praktijk. De auteurs onderzoeken de overeenkomsten en verschillen van de islam in het Britse, Franse en Portugese koloniale bestuur. Zij maken gebruik van hun expertise om de aard van de regelgeving in verschillende historische periodes en geografische gebieden te analyseren. Deze studie opent nieuwe mogelijkheden voor mondiaal onderzoek naar studies van de islam.

Pluralism in International Criminal Law

Pluralism in International Criminal Law

  • Author: Elies van Sliedregt,Sergey Vasiliev
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019100829X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 410
  • View: 8921
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Despite the growth in international criminal courts and tribunals, the majority of cases concerning international criminal law are prosecuted at the domestic level. This means that both international and domestic courts have to contend with a plethora of relevant, but often contradictory, judgments by international institutions and by other domestic courts. This book provides a detailed investigation into the impact this pluralism has had on international criminal law and procedure, and examines the key problems which arise from it. The work identifies the various interpretations of the concept of pluralism and discusses how it manifests in a broad range of aspects of international criminal law and practice. These include substantive jurisdiction, the definition of crimes, modes of individual criminal responsibility for international crimes, sentencing, fair trial rights, law of evidence, truth-finding, and challenges faced by both international and domestic courts in gathering, testing and evaluating evidence. Authored by leading practitioners and academics in the field, the book employs pluralism as a methodological tool to advance the debate beyond the classic view of 'legal pluralism' leading to a problematic fragmentation of the international legal order. It argues instead that pluralism is a fundamental and indispensable feature of international criminal law which permeates it on several levels: through multiple legal regimes and enforcement fora, diversified sources and interpretations of concepts, and numerous identities underpinning the law and practice. The book addresses the virtues and dangers of pluralism, reflecting on the need for, and prospects of, harmonization of international criminal law around a common grammar. It ultimately brings together the theories of legal pluralism, the comparative law discourse on legal transplants, harmonization, and convergence, and the international legal debate on fragmentation to show where pluralism and divergence will need to be accepted as regular, and even beneficial, features of international criminal justice.

A Diplomatic Revolution

A Diplomatic Revolution

Algeria's Fight for Independence and the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era

  • Author: Matthew Connelly
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199881804
  • Category: History
  • Page: 424
  • View: 5277
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Algeria sits at the crossroads of the Atlantic, European, Arab, and African worlds. Yet, unlike the wars in Korea and Vietnam, Algeria's fight for independence has rarely been viewed as an international conflict. Even forty years later, it is remembered as the scene of a national drama that culminated with Charles de Gaulle's decision to "grant" Algerians their independence despite assassination attempts, mutinies, and settler insurrection. Yet, as Matthew Connelly demonstrates, the war the Algerians fought occupied a world stage, one in which the U.S. and the USSR, Israel and Egypt, Great Britain, Germany, and China all played key roles. Recognizing the futility of confronting France in a purely military struggle, the Front de Lib?ration Nationale instead sought to exploit the Cold War competition and regional rivalries, the spread of mass communications and emigrant communities, and the proliferation of international and non-governmental organizations. By harnessing the forces of nascent globalization they divided France internally and isolated it from the world community. And, by winning rights and recognition as Algeria's legitimate rulers without actually liberating the national territory, they rewrote the rules of international relations. Based on research spanning three continents and including, for the first time, the rebels' own archives, this study offers a landmark reevaluation of one of the great anti-colonial struggles as well as a model of the new international history. It will appeal to historians of post-colonial studies, twentieth-century diplomacy, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. A Diplomatic Revolution was winner of the 2003 Stuart L. Bernath Prize of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, and the Akira Iriye International History Book Award, The Foundation for Pacific Quest.