Search Results for "field-research-in-political-science-practices-and-principles-strategies-for-social-inquiry"

Field Research in Political Science

Field Research in Political Science

Practices and Principles

  • Author: Diana Kapiszewski,Lauren M. MacLean,Benjamin L. Read
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316194183
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6877
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Field research - leaving one's home institution in order to acquire data, information or insights that significantly inform one's research - remains indispensable, even in a digitally networked era. This book, the first of its kind in political science, reconsiders the design and execution of field research and explores its role in producing knowledge. First, it offers an empirical overview of fieldwork in the discipline based on a large-scale survey and extensive interviews. Good fieldwork takes diverse forms yet follows a set of common practices and principles. Second, the book demonstrates the analytic benefits of fieldwork, showing how it contributes to our understanding of politics. Finally, it provides intellectual and practical guidance, with chapters on preparing for field research, operating in the field and making analytic progress while collecting data, and on data collection techniques including archival research, interviewing, ethnography and participant observation, surveys, and field experiments.

Interview Research in Political Science

Interview Research in Political Science

  • Author: Layna Mosley
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801467969
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3003
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Interviews are a frequent and important part of empirical research in political science, but graduate programs rarely offer discipline-specific training in selecting interviewees, conducting interviews, and using the data thus collected. Interview Research in Political Science addresses this vital need, offering hard-won advice for both graduate students and faculty members. The contributors to this book have worked in a variety of field locations and settings and have interviewed a wide array of informants, from government officials to members of rebel movements and victims of wartime violence, from lobbyists and corporate executives to workers and trade unionists. The authors encourage scholars from all subfields of political science to use interviews in their research, and they provide a set of lessons and tools for doing so. The book addresses how to construct a sample of interviewees; how to collect and report interview data; and how to address ethical considerations and the Institutional Review Board process. Other chapters discuss how to link interview-based evidence with causal claims; how to use proxy interviews or an interpreter to improve access; and how to structure interview questions. A useful appendix contains examples of consent documents, semistructured interview prompts, and interview protocols. Contributors: Frank R. Baumgartner, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Matthew N. Beckmann, University of California, Irvine; Jeffrey M. Berry, Tufts University; Erik Bleich, Middlebury College; Sarah M. Brooks, The Ohio State University; Melani Cammett, Brown University; Lee Ann Fujii, University of Toronto; Mary Gallagher, University of Michigan; Richard L. Hall, University of Michigan; Marie Hojnacki, Pennsylvania State University; David C. Kimball, University of Missouri, St. Louis; Beth L. Leech, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; Julia F. Lynch, University of Pennsylvania; Cathie Jo Martin, Boston University; Lauren Maclean, Indiana University; Layna Mosley, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Robert Pekkanen, University of Washington; William Reno, Northwestern University; Reuel R. Rogers, Northwestern University

A Tale of Two Cultures

A Tale of Two Cultures

Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

  • Author: Gary Goertz,James Mahoney
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691149712
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 9221
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Some in the social sciences argue that the same logic applies to both qualitative and quantitative methods. In A Tale of Two Cultures, Gary Goertz and James Mahoney demonstrate that these two paradigms constitute different cultures, each internally coherent yet marked by contrasting norms, practices, and toolkits. They identify and discuss major differences between these two traditions that touch nearly every aspect of social science research, including design, goals, causal effects and models, concepts and measurement, data analysis, and case selection. Although focused on the differences between qualitative and quantitative research, Goertz and Mahoney also seek to promote toleration, exchange, and learning by enabling scholars to think beyond their own culture and see an alternative scientific worldview. This book is written in an easily accessible style and features a host of real-world examples to illustrate methodological points.

Political Ethnography

Political Ethnography

What Immersion Contributes to the Study of Power

  • Author: Edward Schatz
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226736785
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3845
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Scholars of politics have sought in recent years to make the discipline more hospitable to qualitative methods of research. Lauding the results of this effort and highlighting its potential for the future, Political Ethnography makes a compelling case for one such method in particular. Ethnography, the contributors amply demonstrate in a wide range of original essays, is uniquely suited for illuminating the study of politics. Situating these pieces within the context of developments in political science, Edward Schatz provides an overarching introduction and substantive prefaces to each of the volume’s four sections. The first of these parts addresses the central ontological and epistemological issues raised by ethnographic work, while the second grapples with the reality that all research is conducted from a first-person perspective. The third section goes on to explore how ethnographic research can provide fresh perspectives on such perennial topics as opinion, causality, and power. Concluding that political ethnography can and should play a central role in the field as a whole, the final chapters illuminate the many ways in which ethnographic approaches can enhance, improve, and, in some areas, transform the study of politics.

Process-Tracing Methods

Process-Tracing Methods

Foundations and Guidelines

  • Author: Derek Beach,Rasmus Brun Pedersen
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 047205189X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 199
  • View: 1411
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The first practical guide for using process tracing in social science research

Process Tracing

Process Tracing

  • Author: Andrew Bennett,Jeffrey T. Checkel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107044529
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 8328
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This book provides empirically grounded conceptual, design and practical advice on conducting process tracing, a key method of qualitative research.

Surviving Field Research

Surviving Field Research

Working in Violent and Difficult Situations

  • Author: Chandra Lekha Sriram,John C. King,Julie A. Mertus,Olga Martin-Ortega,Johanna Herman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134010192
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3720
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In recent decades there has been increasing attention to mass atrocities such as genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other gross human rights violations. At the same time, there has been a vast increase in the number of academics and researchers seeking to analyze the causes of, and offer practical responses to, these atrocities. Yet there remains insufficient discussion of the practical and ethical challenges surrounding research into serious abuses and dealing with vulnerable populations. The aim of this edited volume is to guide researchers in identifying and addressing challenges in conducting qualitative research in difficult circumstances, such as conducting research in autocratic or uncooperative regimes, with governmental or non-governmental officials, and perhaps most importantly, with reluctant respondents such as victims of genocide or (on the other side of the coin) war criminals. The volume proceeds in five substantive sections, each addressing a different challenge of conducting field research in conflict-affected or repressive situations: Ethics Access Veracity Security Identity, objectivity, behaviour. This important text will be vital reading for students, scholars and researchers in the areas of research methods, international relations, anthropology and human rights. It will also be of keen interest to policy practioners and NGOs, and especially relevant for those working in the regions of Africa, Latin America, and Asia.

Informal Institutions and Citizenship in Rural Africa

Informal Institutions and Citizenship in Rural Africa

Risk and Reciprocity in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire

  • Author: Lauren M. MacLean
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139488139
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6837
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This book challenges previous assumptions about institutions, social capital, and the nature of the African state by investigating the history of political and economic change in villages on either side of the Ghana-Cote d'Ivoire border. Prior to European colonial rule, these Akan villages had very similar political and cultural institutions. By the late 1990s, however, Lauren M. MacLean found puzzling differences in the informal institutions of reciprocity and indigenous notions of citizenship. MacLean argues that divergent histories of state formation not only shape how villagers help each other but also influence how local groups and communities define citizenship and then choose to engage with the state on an everyday basis. She examines the historical construction of the state role in mediating risk at the local level across three policy areas: political administration, social service delivery, and agriculture.

Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis

Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis

  • Author: James Mahoney,Kathleen Thelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107110025
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 322
  • View: 9123
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Situates comparative-historical analysis within contemporary debates in political science and explores the latest theoretical and conceptual advances.

Multimethod Research, Causal Mechanisms, and Case Studies

Multimethod Research, Causal Mechanisms, and Case Studies

An Integrated Approach

  • Author: Gary Goertz
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400888115
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 2258
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An innovative and accessible textbook on multimethod and case-study research Multimethod research has become indispensable to doing social science, and is essential to anyone who conducts large-scale research projects in political science, sociology, education, comparative law, or business. This authoritative and accessible book offers the first truly comprehensive approach to multimethod and case-study research, and is particularly aimed at students of qualitative methods in the social sciences. Walking step-by-step through these cutting-edge tools and techniques, Gary Goertz introduces a new integrated approach that unites three corners of a powerful research triad—causal mechanisms, cross-case causal inference, and within-case causal inference. He explains how the investigation of causal mechanisms and the making of within-case causal inference are the central goals of multimethod and case study research, and provides a logic for connecting case studies and causal mechanism analysis with cross-case analysis, whether they are statistical analyses, experiments, or QCA. In addition, Goertz analyzes how one can generalize using case studies, as well as systematically test game-theoretic and other models using multiple case studies. Provides a fully integrated approach to multimethod and case-study research An essential resource for students and researchers in political science, sociology, education, law, and business Covers constraint causal mechanism, game theory and case studies, QCA, and the use of case studies to systematically test and generalize theories An ideal textbook for a first-year graduate course in methods or research design

Cooking Data

Cooking Data

Culture and Politics in an African Research World

  • Author: Crystal Biruk
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822371820
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 8600
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In Cooking Data Crystal Biruk offers an ethnographic account of research into the demographics of HIV and AIDS in Malawi to rethink the production of quantitative health data. While research practices are often understood within a clean/dirty binary, Biruk shows that data are never clean; rather, they are always “cooked” during their production and inevitably entangled with the lives of those who produce them. Examining how the relationships among fieldworkers, supervisors, respondents, and foreign demographers shape data, Biruk examines the ways in which units of information—such as survey questions and numbers written onto questionnaires by fieldworkers—acquire value as statistics that go on to shape national AIDS policy. Her approach illustrates how on-the-ground dynamics and research cultures mediate the production of global health statistics in ways that impact local economies and formulations of power and expertise.

Finding Pathways

Finding Pathways

Mixed-Method Research for Studying Causal Mechanisms

  • Author: Nicholas Weller,Jeb Barnes
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107041066
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 171
  • View: 6485
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Introduces 'pathway analysis': a method to combine large and small-N research techniques and to aid understanding of causal mechanisms.

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

A Practical Guide to Research Methods

  • Author: Christopher Howard
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022632768X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 743
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Each year, tens of thousands of students who are interested in politics go through a rite of passage: they take a course in research methods. Many find the subject to be boring or confusing, and with good reason. Most of the standard books on research methods fail to highlight the most important concepts and questions. Instead, they brim with dry technical definitions and focus heavily on statistical analysis, slighting other valuable methods. This approach not only dulls potential enjoyment of the course, but prevents students from mastering the skills they need to engage more directly and meaningfully with a wide variety of research. With wit and practical wisdom, Christopher Howard draws on more than a decade of experience teaching research methods to transform a typically dreary subject and teach budding political scientists the critical skills they need to read published research more effectively and produce better research of their own. The first part of the book is devoted to asking three fundamental questions in political science: What happened? Why? Who cares? In the second section, Howard demonstrates how to answer these questions by choosing an appropriate research design, selecting cases, and working with numbers and written documents as evidence. Drawing on examples from American and comparative politics, international relations, and public policy, Thinking Like a Political Scientist highlights the most common challenges that political scientists routinely face, and each chapter concludes with exercises so that students can practice dealing with those challenges.

Interviewing in Social Science Research

Interviewing in Social Science Research

A Relational Approach

  • Author: Lee Ann Fujii
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135015384
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 114
  • View: 9447
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What is interviewing and when is this method useful? What does it mean to select rather than sample interviewees? Once the researcher has found people to interview, how does she build a working relationship with her interviewees? What should the dynamics of talking and listening in interviews be? How do researchers begin to analyze the narrative data generated through interviews? Lee Ann Fujii explores the answers to these inquiries in Interviewing in Social Science Research, the latest entry in the Routledge Series on Interpretive Methods. This short, highly readable book explores an interpretive approach to interviewing for purposes of social science research. Using an interpretive methodology, the book examines interviewing as a relational enterprise. As a relational undertaking, interviewing is more akin to a two-way dialogue than a one-way interrogation. Fujii examines the methodological foundations for a relational approach to interviewing, while at the same time covering many of the practical nuts and bolts of relational interviewing. Examples come from the author’s experiences conducting interviews in Bosnia, Rwanda, and the United States, and from relevant literatures across a variety of social scientific disciplines. Appendices to the book contain specific tips and suggestions for relational interviewing in addition to interview excerpts that give readers a sense of how relational interviews unfold. This book will be of great value to graduate students and researchers from across the social sciences who are considering or planning to use interviews in their research, and can be easily used by academics for teaching courses or workshops in social science methods.

High Courts and Economic Governance in Argentina and Brazil

High Courts and Economic Governance in Argentina and Brazil

  • Author: Diana Kapiszewski
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110700828X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 289
  • View: 2842
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This study analyzes how elected leaders and high courts in Argentina and Brazil interact over economic governance.

A Model Discipline

A Model Discipline

Political Science and the Logic of Representations

  • Author: Kevin A. Clarke,David M. Primo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019538220X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 9317
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Political science is an intensely quantitative discipline, and models are central. Political scientists use models—formal and informal, statistical and qualitative—to investigate and illuminate causal mechanisms, generate comparative data, and understand the conditions under which certain outcomes are expected to occur. But how do we justify and rationalize the method? Why test predictions from a deductive, and thus truth-preserving, system? David Primo and Kevin Clarke tackle these central questions in this novel work of methodology.

Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences

Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences

A Pluralist Perspective

  • Author: Donatella Della Porta,Michael Keating
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139474596
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4192
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A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences. Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.

Designing Social Inquiry

Designing Social Inquiry

Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research

  • Author: Gary King,Robert O. Keohane,Sidney Verba
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400821211
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 5752
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While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields.

Research Methods in Critical Security Studies

Research Methods in Critical Security Studies

An Introduction

  • Author: Mark B. Salter,Can E. Mutlu
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136260846
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6935
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This new textbook surveys new and emergent methods for doing research in critical security studies, thereby filling a large gap in the literature of this emerging field. New or critical security studies is growing as a field, but still lacks a clear methodology; the diverse range of the main foci of study (culture, practices, language, or bodies) means that there is little coherence or conversation between these four schools or approaches. In this ground-breaking collection of fresh and emergent voices, new methods in critical security studies are explored from multiple perspectives, providing practical examples of successful research design and methodologies. Drawing upon their own experiences and projects, thirty-three authors address the following turns over the course of six comprehensive sections: Part I: Research Design Part II: The Ethnographic Turn Part III: The Practice Turn Part IV: The Discursive Turn Part V: The Corporeal Turn Part VI: The Material Turn This book will be essential reading for upper-level students and researchers in the field of critical security studies, and of much interest to students of sociology, ethnography and IR.

A Handbook of Qualitative Methodologies for Mass Communication Research

A Handbook of Qualitative Methodologies for Mass Communication Research

  • Author: Nicholas W. Jankowski,Klaus Bruhn Jensen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134938241
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2591
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First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.