Search Results for "fighting-faiths-the-abrams-case-the-supreme-court-and-free-speech-cornell-paperbacks"

Fighting Faiths

Fighting Faiths

The Abrams Case, the Supreme Court, and Free Speech

  • Author: Richard Polenberg
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801486180
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 7397
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Jacob Abrams et al. v. United States is the landmark Supreme Court case in the definition of free speech. Although the 1918 conviction of four Russian Jewish anarchists—for distributing leaflets protesting America's intervention in the Russian revolution—was upheld, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes's dissenting opinion (with Justice Louis Brandeis) concerning "clear and present danger" has proved the touchstone of almost all subsequent First Amendment theory and litigation.In Fighting Faiths, Richard Polenberg explores the causes and characters of this dramatic episode in American history. He traces the Jewish immigrant experience, the lives of the convicted anarchists before and after the trials, the careers of the major players in the court cases—men such as Holmes, defense attorney Harry Weinberger, Southern Judge Henry DeLamar Clayton, Jr., and the young J. Edgar Hoover—and the effects of this important case on present-day First Amendment rights.

Our Rights

Our Rights

  • Author: David J. Bodenhamer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0195325672
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 253
  • View: 6553
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Designed for high school students and motivated lay readers, this book will be an introduction to the rights held by American citizens under the U.S. Constitution as explored through a series of historical case studies. Each chapter will use dramatic narrative to illustrate a right in action. Most examples, but not all, will use U.S. Supreme Court cases to focus on a time when the right in question received its modern interpretation. The aim, however, will be to use each chapter to discuss how the right applies today and how courts and other interpreters seek to balance this right with important societal concerns, such as the need for order and public safety. The book will begin with a 20-page chapter on how we arrived at our modern concept of rights. The major interpretive thread will be the continual struggle to define limits on the power of the state. The chapter will introduce several key themes: our understanding of rights has emerged from history (experience); our definition and interpretation of rights is always evolving; concepts of rights are always under contention; and various actors-legislatures, executives, and courts-compete to be the final interpreter of our rights. American constitutional rights generally fall into one of three groups-rights of democracy, that is, rights required for American democracy to work effectively; rights of the accused, or due process rights that assure a fair trial for individuals accused of crimes; and other rights of persons, including the right to privacy. A fourth category of rights are not constitutional per se, but often we conceive of them as such even though often they are statutory rights, such as the right to education... A concluding chapter will discuss other rights that may evolve as a result of current political and social movements, such as the right to health care. Along with Our Constitution and Pivotal Supreme Court Cases (working title), this book has the potential to become a core text for the annual observance of Constitution Day on September 17, which is mandated by Congress for all educational institutions receiving federal funds.

The Federal Courts

The Federal Courts

An Essential History

  • Author: Peter Charles Hoffer,N. E. H. Hull
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199387907
  • Category: Courts
  • Page: 560
  • View: 7203
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There are moments in American history when all eyes are focused on a federal court: when its bench speaks for millions of Americans, and when its decision changes the course of history. More often, the story of the federal judiciary is simply a tale of hard work: of finding order in the chaotic system of state and federal law, local custom, and contentious lawyering. The Federal Courts is a story of all of these courts and the judges and justices who served on them, of the case law they made, and of the acts of Congress and the administrative organs that shaped the courts. But, even more importantly, this is a story of the courts' development and their vital part in America's history. Peter Charles Hoffer, Williamjames Hull Hoffer, and N. E. H. Hull's retelling of that history is framed the three key features that shape the federal courts' narrative: the separation of powers; the federal system, in which both the national and state governments are sovereign; and the widest circle: the democratic-republican framework of American self-government. The federal judiciary is not elective and its principal judges serve during good behavior rather than at the pleasure of Congress, the President, or the electorate. But the independence that lifetime tenure theoretically confers did not and does not isolate the judiciary from political currents, partisan quarrels, and public opinion. Many vital political issues came to the federal courts, and the courts' decisions in turn shaped American politics. The federal courts, while the least democratic branch in theory, have proved in some ways and at various times to be the most democratic: open to ordinary people seeking redress, for example. Litigation in the federal courts reflects the changing aspirations and values of America's many peoples. The Federal Courts is an essential account of the branch that provides what Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Judge Oliver Wendell Homes Jr. called "a magic mirror, wherein we see reflected our own lives."

Encyclopedia of American Journalism

Encyclopedia of American Journalism

  • Author: Stephen L. Vaughn
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135880190
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 664
  • View: 5402
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The Encyclopedia of American Journalism explores the distinctions found in print media, radio, television, and the internet. This work seeks to document the role of these different forms of journalism in the formation of America's understanding and reaction to political campaigns, war, peace, protest, slavery, consumer rights, civil rights, immigration, unionism, feminism, environmentalism, globalization, and more. This work also explores the intersections between journalism and other phenomena in American Society, such as law, crime, business, and consumption. The evolution of journalism's ethical standards is discussed, as well as the important libel and defamation trials that have influenced journalistic practice, its legal protection, and legal responsibilities. Topics covered include: Associations and Organizations; Historical Overview and Practice; Individuals; Journalism in American History; Laws, Acts, and Legislation; Print, Broadcast, Newsgroups, and Corporations; Technologies.

The pursuit of justice

The pursuit of justice

Supreme Court decisions that shaped America

  • Author: Kermit Hall,John J. Patrick,Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands,Annenberg Public Policy Center
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195325683
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 253
  • View: 5177
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Reviews and discusses landmark cases heard by the United States Supreme court from 1803 through 2000.

First freedoms

First freedoms

a documentary history of First Amendment Rights in America

  • Author: Charles C. Haynes,Sam Chaltain,Susan M. Glisson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195157505
  • Category: History
  • Page: 255
  • View: 815
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Uses thirty-seven documents from the Charter of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1663 to the Patriot Act of 2001 to explore the origins and attacks on the First Amendment.

Darkest Before Dawn

Darkest Before Dawn

Sedition and Free Speech in the American West

  • Author: Clemens P. Work
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 318
  • View: 9352
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Today's threats against freedom of speech echo the hysteria of World War I, when Americans went to prison for dissent. This cautionary tale focuses on events in Montana and the West that led to the suspension of this crucial right.

Program, Annual Meeting

Program, Annual Meeting

  • Author: Organization of American Historians. Meeting
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Historians
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 721
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The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions

  • Author: Kermit Hall,James W. Ely
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 499
  • View: 7061
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Here are the landmark decisions that have shaped American life, described by some of America's most eminent legal scholars. The new edition contains more than 450 entries on major cases, including 53 new entries on the latest landmark rulings. This outstanding guide serves as an excellent introduction to the work of the Court from the late eighteenth century to the present day.

Constitutional Law: Civil rights and civil liberties

Constitutional Law: Civil rights and civil liberties

  • Author: James Carl Foster,Susan M. Leeson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780135687598
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 1184
  • View: 5642
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This is Volume II of a two volume edition of Constitutional Law: Cases in Context. The focus is on civil liberties. Always uses the political, social, and historical context from which a case developed.

Uncle Sam wants you

Uncle Sam wants you

World War I and the making of the modern American citizen

  • Author: Christopher Joseph Nicodemus Capozzola
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 334
  • View: 9965
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In April 1917, the United States embarked on World War I--with little history of conscription, an army smaller than Romania's, and a political culture that saw little role for the federal government other than delivering the mail. Uncle Sam Wants You tells the gripping story of the American homefront in World War I, revealing how the tensions of mass mobilization led to a significant increase in power in Washington. Christopher Capozzola shows how, in the absence of a strong federal government, Americans at first mobilized society by stressing duty, obligation, and responsibility over rights and freedoms. In clubs, schools, churches, and workplaces, Americans governed each other. But the heated temper of war quickly unleashed coercion on an unprecedented scale, making wartime America the scene of some of the nation's most serious political violence, including notorious episodes of outright mob violence. To solve this problem, Americans turned over increasing amounts of power to state institutions. In the end, whether they were some of the four million men drafted under the Selective Service Act or the tens of millions of homefront volunteers--or counted themselves among the thousands of conscientious objectors, anti-war radicals, or German enemy aliens--Americans of the World War I era created a new American state, and new ways of being American citizens. Based on a rich array of sources that capture the voices of both political leaders and ordinary Americans, Uncle Sam Wants You offers a vivid and provocative new interpretation of American political history.

The American Century

The American Century

A History of the United States Since 1941:

  • Author: Walter LaFeber,Richard Polenberg,Nancy Woloch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317370422
  • Category: History
  • Page: 552
  • View: 4771
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The new edition of this classic text for courses on recent U.S. history covers the story of contemporary America from World War II into the second decade of the twenty-first century with new coverage of the Obama presidency and the 2012 elections. Written by three highly respected scholars, the book seamlessly blends political, social, cultural, intellectual, and economic themes into an authoritative and readable account of our increasingly complex national story. The seventh edition retains its affordability and conciseness while continuing to add the most recent scholarship. Each chapter contains a special feature section devoted to cultural topics including the arts and architecture, sports and recreation, technology and education. Enhancing the students' learning experience is the addition of web links to each of these features to provide complementary visual study tools. An American Century instructor site provides instructors who adopt the book with high interest features--illustrations, photos, maps, quizzes, an elaboration of key themes in the book, PowerPoint presentations, and lecture launchers on topics including the "Military-Industrial Complex" Speech by Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Tet Offensive, and the prospects for a Second American Century. In addition, students have free access to a multimedia primary source archive of materials carefully selected to support the themes of each chapter.

In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer

In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer

The Security Clearance Hearing

  • Author: Richard Polenberg
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801486616
  • Category: History
  • Page: 409
  • View: 3062
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At the end of World War II, J. Robert Oppenheimer was one of America's preeminent physicists. For his work as director of the Manhattan Project, he was awarded the Medal for Merit, the highest honor the U.S. government can bestow on a civilian. Yet, in 1953, Oppenheimer was denied security clearance amidst allegations that he was "more probably than not" an "agent of the Soviet Union." Determined to clear his name, he insisted on a hearing before the Atomic Energy Commission's Personnel Security Board.In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer contains an edited and annotated transcript of the 1954 hearing, as well as the various reports resulting from it. Drawing on recently declassified FBI files, Richard Polenberg's introductory and concluding essays situate the hearing in the Cold War period, and his thoughtful analysis helps explain why the hearing was held, why it turned out as it did, and what that result meant, both for Oppenheimer and for the United States.Among the forty witnesses who testified were many who had played vitally important roles in the making of U.S. nuclear policy: Enrico Fermi, Hans Bethe, Edward Teller, Vannevar Bush, George F. Kennan, and Oppenheimer himself. The hearing provides valuable insights into the development of the atomic bomb and the postwar debate among scientists over the hydrogen bomb, the conflict between the foreign policy and military establishments over national defense, and the controversy over the proper standards to apply in assessing an individual's loyalty. It reveals as well the fears and anxieties that plagued America during the Cold War era.

California Lawyer

California Lawyer

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Bar associations
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5315
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Constitution

Constitution

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Constitutional history
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5844
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War & Press Freedom

War & Press Freedom

The Problem of Prerogative Power

  • Author: Jeffery Alan Smith
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 324
  • View: 2743
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What authority does or should the government have to control press coverage and commentary in wartime? Smith shows convincingly that no such extraordinary power exists under the Constitution, and that officials have had to rely on claiming the existence of an autocratic "higher law" of survival. He carefully surveys the development of statutory restrictions and military regulations for the news media from the ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791 through the Gulf War of 1991.

Los Angeles Lawyer

Los Angeles Lawyer

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Bar associations
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5438
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Common law

Common law

  • Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783428121519
  • Category: Common law
  • Page: 423
  • View: 2963
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Hear My Sad Story

Hear My Sad Story

The True Tales That Inspired "Stagolee," "John Henry," and Other Traditional American Folk Songs

  • Author: Richard Polenberg
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501701487
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 8816
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In 2015, Bob Dylan said, "I learned lyrics and how to write them from listening to folk songs. And I played them, and I met other people that played them, back when nobody was doing it. Sang nothing but these folk songs, and they gave me the code for everything that's fair game, that everything belongs to everyone." In Hear My Sad Story, Richard Polenberg describes the historical events that led to the writing of many famous American folk songs that served as touchstones for generations of American musicians, lyricists, and folklorists. Those events, which took place from the early nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, often involved tragic occurrences: murders, sometimes resulting from love affairs gone wrong; desperate acts borne out of poverty and unbearable working conditions; and calamities such as railroad crashes, shipwrecks, and natural disasters. All of Polenberg's account of the songs in the book are grounded in historical fact and illuminate the social history of the times. Reading these tales of sorrow, misfortune, and regret puts us in touch with the dark but terribly familiar side of American history. On Christmas 1895 in St. Louis, an African American man named Lee Shelton, whose nickname was "Stack Lee," shot and killed William Lyons in a dispute over seventy-five cents and a hat. Shelton was sent to prison until 1911, committed another murder upon his release, and died in a prison hospital in 1912. Even during his lifetime, songs were being written about Shelton, and eventually 450 versions of his story would be recorded. As the song—you may know Shelton as Stagolee or Stagger Lee—was shared and adapted, the emotions of the time were preserved, but the fact that the songs described real people, real lives, often fell by the wayside. Polenberg returns us to the men and women who, in song, became legends. The lyrics serve as valuable historical sources, providing important information about what had happened, why, and what it all meant. More important, they reflect the character of American life and the pathos elicited by the musical memory of these common and troubled lives.

Choice

Choice

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Academic libraries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4095
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