Search Results for "first-ecology-ecological-principles-and-enviromental-issues-ecological-principles-and-environmental-issues"

First Ecology

First Ecology

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

  • Author: Alan Beeby,Anne-Maria Brennan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199298082
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 403
  • View: 8657
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How much do we know about the living world? Enough to predict its future? First Ecology: ecological principles and environmental issues provides a critical and evaluative introduction to the science of ecology. Alan Beeby and Anne-Maria Brennan present a succinct survey of ecology, describing and explaining the relationship between living organisms and their environment. The third edition of this popular book continues to introduce ecology from a human perspective. This view of humanity as part of the ecology of the planet makes the fundamental relevance of ecology to all life science students apparent throughout. First Ecology develops in sequence the core themes in ecology at each level of organisation - subcellular, population, ecosystem, landscape and planetary. Understanding this hierarchy - and the interplay between these levels - is crucial to the environmental decisions our species faces at the start of the twenty-first century. First Ecology is the ideal primer for you to develop this understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre features the following materials: For lecturers (password protected): · A virtual field course comprising a series of basic exercises using real data helps students prepare for, and gain more from, their time in the field · Figures from the book, available to download to facilitate lecture preparation · PowerPoint slides introducing key concepts, supported with integrated figures from the book, help to save time in preparing and planning lectures · Routes help students follow and understand various themes and connections throughout the book and offer schemes for independent study · Answers to exercises provided in the book For students: · Hyperlinks to the primary literature cited in the book to facilitate access to original research papers · Routes map out how key themes are developed throughout the book . Web link library of all the URLs included in the book, together with additional web links on specific topics

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

  • Author: Peter J. Jarvis
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • ISBN: 9780582369719
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 1527
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Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues provides an introduction to core ecology through key environmental issues such as biodiversity, sustainable agriculture, global warming and pollution. Taking a distinctive approach, Peter Jarvis starts each chapter with a case study and uses this as a springboard to present core theory, while taking care to introduce ecological principles in a logical sequence throughout the book. This book is aimed at first year students taking Ecology or Biogeography as part of Biology, Environmental Science and Geography degrees. It will also be useful for M.Sc. courses in Environmental Science and Environmental Management, for those without a background in Ecology.

Environmental Ecology

Environmental Ecology

The Ecological Effects of Pollution, Disturbance, and Other Stresses

  • Author: Bill Freedman
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780122665424
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 606
  • View: 6695
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Thoroughly revised and significantly expanded, the Second Edition of Environmental Ecology provides new case studies and in-depth treatment of the effects of pollution and other disturbances on our oceans, lakes, forests, and air. New chapters on biological resources and ecological applications have been added, including material on environmental economics, import assessments, ecological monitoring, and environmental ethics. Extensive indexes, a glossary, and a bibliography are included.

Ecological Engineering

Ecological Engineering

Principles and Practice

  • Author: Patrick Kangas
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780203486542
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 472
  • View: 5790
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Less expensive and more environmentally appropriate than conventional engineering approaches, constructed ecosystems are a promising technology for environmental problem solving. Undergraduates, graduate students, and working professionals need an introductory text that details the biology and ecology of this rapidly developing discipline, known as ecological engineering. Ecological Engineering: Principles and Practice fills this need by describing ecological concepts and theory and demonstrating their application to constructed ecosystems. It presents highly visible and widespread applications of ecological engineering, including treatment wetlands, microcosms, composting systems, restoration ecology, soil bioengineering, and invasive species control.

Natural Disasters as Interactive Components of Global-Ecodynamics

Natural Disasters as Interactive Components of Global-Ecodynamics

  • Author: Kirill Ya Kondratyev,Vladimir F. Krapivin,Costas A. Varostos
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 354037714X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 580
  • View: 5025
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Large-scale natural catastrophes are environmental phenomena. Numerous studies in recent years have concluded that the frequency of occurrence of such natural disasters have been incereasing. leading to an enhanced risk of very considerable human and economic losses and the widespread destruction and pollution of habitats, settlements and infrastructure. In 2001 over 650 natural disasters happened around the globe with economic losses exceeding $35 billion. 2004 ended with the South East Asian tsunami on 26th December with its huge toll on life and local economics and this demonstrated that the efffects of such disasters are most keenly felt in poorer or developing regions. The problem of natural disaster prediction and the implementation of environmental monitoring systems to receive, store and process the information necessary for solutions of specific problems in this area , have been analysed by the three authors of this book, all of whom are internationally respected experts in this field.

ESSENTIALS OF ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

ESSENTIALS OF ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

  • Author: S.V.S. RANA
  • Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • ISBN: 8120347862
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 608
  • View: 950
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This revised fifth edition, is a lucid presentation of the fundamental concepts and principles of ecology and environmental science. Extensively illustrated, the book provides in-depth coverage of major areas such as atmospheric and soil science, hydrobiology, biodiversity, and pollution ecology. It seeks to impart comprehensive understanding of the major ecological issues, policies and laws, crucial for solving environmental problems. New sections on vital topics such as acid rain and deposition, metapopulations, environmental disasters and the Bali Summit on Climate Change 2007 contribute strongly to this endeavour. The book is primarily intended for undergraduate (B.Sc.) students of environmental science and other relevant biological sciences. It will also be very useful for postgraduate (M.Sc.) students of these subjects as well as field professionals and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Use of indigenous examples for explaining subject matter • Coverage of extreme environments such as Antarctica, the Arctic region, open oceans, and deserts, along with up-to-date information on major ecosystems • Chapters devoted to biodiversity as well as natural and genetic resources of India • Detailed descriptions of ecocompartments such as atmosphere and lithosphere

Biogeography

Biogeography

An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach

  • Author: C. Barry Cox,Peter D. Moore,Richard Ladle
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118968603
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 500
  • View: 4413
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Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition

  • Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1466658894
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 10384
  • View: 4495
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"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Ecology

Ecology

Principles and Applications

  • Author: J. L. Chapman,M. J. Reiss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521588027
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 330
  • View: 3826
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The second edition has been brought up to date with current syllabuses by the addition of further material on the key issue of conservation providing coverage of the principles of conservation and using case studies to provide examples of conservation policies in practice.

Urban Ecosystems

Urban Ecosystems

Ecological Principles for the Built Environment

  • Author: Frederick R. Adler,Colby J. Tanner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521769841
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 353
  • View: 5643
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An accessible introduction to the unifying principles of ecology through the exploration of urban ecosystems.

Environmental Education

Environmental Education

Principles, Methods, and Applications

  • Author: Trilochan S. Bakshi,Zev Naveh
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1468437135
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 298
  • View: 6343
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The environmental movement of the 1960s made educationists in some parts of the world aware of the significance and importance of ecology in curricula at all levels of education, from kindergarten to post-secondary. A great deal of progress was made in the early 1970s in incorporating environmental awareness programs into educa tional systems go that what was once considered a fad was gradually becoming a part of formal education in a number of institutions, especially in Canada and the U.S.A. It was therefore appropriate that an international scientific body devote some time to the issue of ecology in education. Early in 1976, I suggested to the International Association for Ecology (Inteco1) that a symposium on Environmental Education be included in the program of the Second International Congress of Ecology scheduled to be held in Jerusalem in September 1978. In the first draft program of the Congress, the topic was included as a poster session. I considered this inadequate and appealed to the Congress Steering Committee to focus greater attention on environ mental education. The first draft program contained phrases like "utilization of resources", "conservation problems", "environmental moni toring", and "irreversible changes". These phrases more or less assumed that people in general understood ecological principles. Literature on environmental education seems to suggest that a wide gap separated most of the professional ecologists from a large portion of mankind primarily because we the ecologists have paid scant attention to the ecological education of world's citizens.

Principles of Environmental Science and Technology

Principles of Environmental Science and Technology

  • Author: I. Johnsen,S.E. Jorgensen
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080874920
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 622
  • View: 6682
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Since the publication of the first edition of this book in 1981, it has been widely used as a textbook at university level for graduate courses in environmental management, environmental science and environmental technology (for non-engineers). As this second edition is significantly improved, it should find an even wider application than the first. In the second edition, the section on ecotoxicology and effects on pollutants has been expanded considerably, as has Chapter 4 on ecological principles and concepts. Further improvement has been made by the addition of a section on ecological engineering - the application of ecologically sound technology in ecosystems - and an appendix on environmental examination of chemicals. The problems of agricultural waste have been included in Part B, and in Chapter 6 on waste water treatment, several pages have been added about non-point sources and the application of ``soft'' technology. Throughout the book, more examples, questions and problems have been included, and several figures and tables have been added to better illustrate the text.

Building Ecology

Building Ecology

First Principles For A Sustainable Built Environment

  • Author: Peter Graham
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405147547
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4886
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Buildings consume 40% of our planet’s materials and 30% of its energy. Their construction uses up to three million tonnes of raw materials a year and generates 20% of the soild waste stream. If we want to survive our urban future, there is no option but to build in ways which improve the health of ecosystems. Understanding the concept of ecological sustainability and translating it into practice as sustainable development is a key challenge for today’s built environment professionals. The skill and vision of those who shape our cities and homes is vital to achieving sustainable solutions to the many environmental, economic and social problems we face on a local, national and global scale. Peter Graham offers here a holistic view of ecologically sustainable building by drawing on established areas of knowledge, demonstrating their relevance to the environmentally-conscious building professional and putting the process, product and impact of building into context. Case studies illustrate how sustainable principles have been applied successfully and discussion topics are offered to stimulate thought. Building Ecology will help planners, surveyors, designers and builders to incorporate sustainability into their everyday practice by: · showing which styles of building are ecologically sustainable · providing fundamental knowledge for making decisions using the principles of ecologically sustainable building · explaining a complex subject in a clear, balanced way. Building Ecology sets out the current scientific view of how nature works and how buildings link with and affect nature. It provides fundamental knowledge for building in harmony with nature and keeping Earth’s life-supporting ecosystems healthy.

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

  • Author: Stuart K. Allison,Stephen D. Murphy
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 131741375X
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 604
  • View: 8251
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Ecological restoration is a rapidly evolving discipline that is engaged with developing both methodologies and strategies for repairing damaged and polluted ecosystems and environments. During the last decade the rapid pace of climate change coupled with continuing habitat destruction and the spread of non-native species to new habitats has forced restoration ecologists to re-evaluate their goals and the methods they use. This comprehensive handbook brings together an internationally respected group of established and rising experts in the field. The book begins with a description of current practices and the state of knowledge in particular areas of restoration, and then identifies new directions that will help the field achieve increasing levels of future success. Part I provides basic background about ecological and environmental restoration. Part II systematically reviews restoration in key ecosystem types located throughout the world. In Part III, management and policy issues are examined in detail, offering the first comprehensive treatment of policy relevance in the field, while Part IV looks to the future. Ultimately, good ecological restoration depends upon a combination of good science, policy, planning and outreach – all issues that are addressed in this unrivalled volume.

Genetically Engineered Organisms

Genetically Engineered Organisms

Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects

  • Author: Deborah K. Letourneau,Beth Elpern Burrows
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420042030
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 456
  • View: 6342
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Genetic engineering suggests new avenues for constructing useful products, but it also poses hazards to the health of the environment and the public. Delineating those hazards is complicated, difficult, and important at every level of risk assessment and risk management decision-making. Risk assessment and risk management may be further complicated by the need to discover more detailed information than is usually available. Genetically Engineered Organisms: Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects gives credence to good science and to the notion that we do not have to argue about the ecological and human health effects of genetic engineering. Instead, it supports the position that we can undertake the painstaking science necessary to identify and understand those effects. Written by researchers who have done cutting edge research in disciplines such as botany, entomology, plant pathology, and other agricultural and environmental sciences, this book elaborates critical research on pollen movement, spread of transgenes in natural communities, fitness effects, resistance development, and unpredicted impacts on target and non-target organisms. These topics are explored in contexts ranging from Bt corn events and viral resistant oats to transgenic salmon and altered malarial vectors. Many chapters address theoretical and informational gaps that research presents to questions of biosafety, and some offer historical insights into factors that may affect risk assessment and risk management decision-making at the community, national, and international levels.

Balancing Act

Balancing Act

Environmental Issues in Forestry

  • Author: J P Hamish Kimmins
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 9780774842853
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 244
  • View: 5295
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In the past decade, there has been much debate over the environmental impact of forestry. People are justifiably concerned about what is happening to the local and global forest environments, but they are also confused by the polarized rhetoric that has characterized both sides of the debate. In Balancing Act, Hamish Kimmins calls for a balanced, more objective approach to forestry issues in order to bridge the gap between the most extreme opponents in the debate. He suggests that we need to begin with a common understanding of what forestry is about and how forest ecosystems work. He outlines the scientific and ecological aspects of the major environmental issues facing British Columbia and the world today, arguing that we need to disentangle the scientific from the value-based social aspects of these questions. He also contends that much of the current debate about forests and their management ignores the time dimension of ecosystems, and he calls for a more dynamic view of current environmental issues in forestry -- one that accounts for change. The first few chapters provide an outline of the basic principles of forestry and ecology, and subsequent chapters discuss the major environmental issues facing forestry in the 1990s. These include clearcutting, slashburning, management chemicals, old growth, biological diversity, 'new forestry, ' climate change, acid rain, the comparison between temperate and tropical forestry, and long-term decisions in forestry. Balancing Act is essential reading for those who are searching for an objective, accurate, and readable evaluation of the issues at the heart of the forestry/environment debate. By emphasizing that forests are not static but change over time, Kimmins adds an important, often ignored, dimension to the discussion. Only by understanding all the intricacies of the ecosystems can we learn to manage our forests in a sustainable fashion.

Official Meeting Program

Official Meeting Program

  • Author: Ecological Society of America. Meeting
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Ecology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9251
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Ecology, Recreation and Tourism

Ecology, Recreation and Tourism

  • Author: John M. Edington,M. Ann Edington
  • Publisher: CUP Archive
  • ISBN: 9780521314091
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 200
  • View: 8767
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Ecology, Recreation and Tourism presents a comprehensive analysis of the effects of recreational and tourist activities on the environment.

Global Environmental Issues

Global Environmental Issues

  • Author: Frances Harris
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470093951
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3590
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Meeting the needs of upper level students, this book treats global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of human and biophysical causes. Each chapter interlinks human demands on the Earth's resources to natural biophysical change - not simply a 'cause and effect' treatment of global issues and environmental change Includes coverage of contemporary hot topics such as biodiversity, urbanisation and sustainable development Global case studies (two per chapter) contextualise theory for students "This book should have considerable appeal among undergraduate and postgraduate students in a broad range of disciplines. Frances Harris has assembled a team of well-qualified authors, who between them consider such important environmental issues as climate and sea level change, biodiversity, GM crops, energy supply, urbanization, pollution and sustainable development. The style is clear and non-technical, the coverage is global and the text is supported by numerous figures and illustrations. Boxed case studies provide useful exemplification of general issues. I have no doubt that this book will be very popular with my own students, in providing detailed analysis of a range of key environmental issues which are frequently reported in the media." Tony Binns, University of Sussex, UK "This book usefully realises that environmental issues are a complex blend of contested science, broader socio-political contexts and the concerns, values, attitudes and livelihoods of individuals. Written by internationally recognised authors, it covers major global issues such as pollution, energy, climate change, sea level rise, food production, urbanisation and sustainability in an informative way, with abundant case studies and illustrations, which clearly exemplify just how complex the facets of the issues can be. It does not offer easy solutions but it is a good exercise in awareness for the reader." Stephen Trudgill, Robinson College, University of Cambridge, UK

Tropical Agroecosystems

Tropical Agroecosystems

  • Author: John H. Vandermeer
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420039887
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3983
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Tropical areas present ecological, cultural and political problems that demand analysis that is distinct from general ecological analysis. The tropical environment is special in many ways, from the lack of a biological down season (winter), to generally poor soil conditions, to a reliance on traditional methods of agriculture in an undeveloped society. At a time when the sustainability of natural resource use in the tropics has become a very big issue Tropical Agroecosystems provides a critical scientific foundation for developing a sustainable agriculture component within this process. Presenting a broad range of approaches to agroecosystem analysis, the text addresses specific ecological issues associated with agricultural production, examines two case studies of agricultural transformation and its effect on biodiversity, and discusses key landscape relationships between agroecosystems, wildlife, and human disease.