Search Results for "fluid-dynamics-part-1-classical-fluid-dynamics"

Fluid Dynamics

Fluid Dynamics

Part 1: Classical Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: Anatoly I. Ruban,Jitesh S. B. Gajjar
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191503967
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 9758
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This is the first book in a four-part series designed to give a comprehensive and coherent description of Fluid Dynamics, starting with chapters on classical theory suitable for an introductory undergraduate lecture course, and then progressing through more advanced material up to the level of modern research in the field. The present Part 1 consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 begins with a discussion of Continuum Hypothesis, which is followed by an introduction to macroscopic functions, the velocity vector, pressure, density, and enthalpy. We then analyse the forces acting inside a fluid, and deduce the Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible and compressible fluids in Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates. In Chapter 2 we study the properties of a number of flows that are presented by the so-called exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations, including the Couette flow between two parallel plates, Hagen-Poiseuille flow through a pipe, and Karman flow above an infinite rotating disk. Chapter 3 is devoted to the inviscid incompressible flow theory, with particular focus on two-dimensional potential flows. These can be described in terms of the "complex potential", allowing the full power of the theory of functions of complex variables to be used. We discuss in detail the method of conformal mapping, which is then used to study various flows of interest, including the flows past Joukovskii aerofoils. The final Chapter 4 is concerned with compressible flows of perfect gas, including supersonic flows. Particular attention is given to the theory of characteristics, which is used, for example, to analyse the Prandtl-Meyer flow over a body surface bend and a corner. Significant attention is also devoted to the shock waves. The chapter concludes with analysis of unsteady flows, including the theory of blast waves.

Fluid Dynamics

Fluid Dynamics

Asymptotic Problems of Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: Anatoly I. Ruban
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199681740
  • Category: Fluid mechanics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9370
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This is the second volume in a four-part series on fluid dynamics: Part 1. Classical Fluid Dynamics Part 2. Asymptotic Problems of Fluid Dynamics Part 3. Boundary Layers Part 4. Hydrodynamic Stability Theory The series is designed to give a comprehensive and coherent description of fluid dynamics, starting with chapters on classical theory suitable for an introductory undergraduate lecture course, and then progressing through more advanced material up to the level of modern research in the field. In Part 2 the reader is introduced to asymptotic methods, and their applications to fluid dynamics. Firstly, it discusses the mathematical aspects of the asymptotic theory. This is followed by an exposition of the results of inviscid flow theory, starting with subsonic flows past thin aerofoils. This includes unsteady flow theory and the analysis of separated flows. The authors then consider supersonic flow past a thin aerofoil, where the linear approximation leads to the Ackeret formula for the pressure. They also discuss the second order Buzemann approximation, and the flow behaviour at large distances from the aerofoil. Then the properties of transonic and hypersonic flows are examined in detail. Part 2 concludes with a discussion of viscous low-Reynolds-number flows. Two classical problems of the low-Reynolds-number flow theory are considered, the flow past a sphere and the flow past a circular cylinder. In both cases the flow analysis leads to a difficulty, known as Stokes paradox. The authors show that this paradox can be resolved using the formalism of matched asymptotic expansions.

Numerische Strömungsmechanik

Numerische Strömungsmechanik

  • Author: Joel H. Ferziger,Milovan Peric
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3540682287
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 509
  • View: 4669
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Das Buch bietet einen Überblick über die numerischen Methoden zur Lösung strömungsmechanischer Probleme. Die in der Praxis meistgenutzten Methoden werden detailliert beschrieben. Behandelt werden auch fortgeschrittene Methoden, wie die Simulation von Turbulenzen und Parallel-Verarbeitung. Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen und Prinzipien der verschiedenen Methoden. Numerische Genauigkeit und Abschätzung sowie Fehlerreduktion werden detailliert mit vielen Beispielen behandelt. Alle Computercodes sind über den Server ftp.springer.de des Springer-Verlages erhältlich (Internet).

Grundlagen der Strömungsmechanik

Grundlagen der Strömungsmechanik

Eine Einführung in die Theorie der Strömung von Fluiden

  • Author: Franz Durst
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3540313249
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 758
  • View: 1515
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Dieses Lehrbuch stützt sich auf mathematische und physikalische Grundkenntnisse von Studenten mittlerer Semester. Es erläutert den Zusammenhang moderner Strömungsmechanik zur technischen Mechanik und bezieht moderne Mess- und numerische Berechnungsverfahren ein. Jedes Kapitel enthält den Stoff einer einwöchigen Vorlesung, der so aufgebaut ist, dass er Studenten an die jeweilige Spezialliteratur heranführt.

Continuum Mechanics: The mechanical foundations of elasticity and fluid dynamics

Continuum Mechanics: The mechanical foundations of elasticity and fluid dynamics

  • Author: Clifford Truesdell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Continuum mechanics
  • Page: 310
  • View: 2423
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Fluid Dynamics

Fluid Dynamics

Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation

  • Author: C. Pozrikidis
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1489979913
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 901
  • View: 8165
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This book provides an accessible introduction to the basic theory of fluid mechanics and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) from a modern perspective that unifies theory and numerical computation. Methods of scientific computing are introduced alongside with theoretical analysis and MATLAB® codes are presented and discussed for a broad range of topics: from interfacial shapes in hydrostatics, to vortex dynamics, to viscous flow, to turbulent flow, to panel methods for flow past airfoils. The third edition includes new topics, additional examples, solved and unsolved problems, and revised images. It adds more computational algorithms and MATLAB programs. It also incorporates discussion of the latest version of the fluid dynamics software library FDLIB, which is freely available online. FDLIB offers an extensive range of computer codes that demonstrate the implementation of elementary and advanced algorithms and provide an invaluable resource for research, teaching, classroom instruction, and self-study. This book is a must for students in all fields of engineering, computational physics, scientific computing, and applied mathematics. It can be used in both undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. The audience includes not only advanced undergraduate and entry-level graduate students, but also a broad class of scientists and engineers with a general interest in scientific computing.

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: Yoshio Sone
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780817642846
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 353
  • View: 7209
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This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain. A gas in a steady (or time-independent) state in a general domain is considered, and its asymptotic behavior for small Knudsen numbers is studied on the basis of kinetic theory. Fluid-dynamic-type equations and their associated boundary conditions, together with their Knudsen-layer corrections, describing the asymptotic behavior of the gas for small Knudsen numbers are presented. In addition, various interesting physical phenomena derived from the asymptotic theory are explained. The background of the asymptotic studies is explained in Chapter 1, accord ing to which the fluid-dynamic-type equations that describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit are to be studied carefully. Their detailed studies depending on physical situations are treated in the following chapters. What is striking is that the classical gas dynamic system is incomplete to describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit (or in the limit that the mean free path of the gas molecules vanishes). Thanks to the asymptotic theory, problems for a slightly rarefied gas can be treated with the same ease as the corresponding classical fluid-dynamic problems. In a rarefied gas, a temperature field is di rectly related to a gas flow, and there are various interesting phenomena which cannot be found in a gas in the continuum limit.

An Introduction to Theoretical Fluid Mechanics

An Introduction to Theoretical Fluid Mechanics

  • Author: Stephen Childress
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821848887
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 201
  • View: 5140
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This book gives an overview of classical topics in fluid dynamics, focusing on the kinematics and dynamics of incompressible inviscid and Newtonian viscous fluids, but also including some material on compressible flow. The topics are chosen to illustrate the mathematical methods of classical fluid dynamics. The book is intended to prepare the reader for more advanced topics of current research interest.

Vortex Dynamics

Vortex Dynamics

  • Author: P. G. Saffman
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521420587
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 311
  • View: 9704
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Vortex dynamics is a natural paradigm for the field of chaotic motion and modern dynamical system theory. However, this volume focuses on those aspects of fluid motion that are primarily controlled by the vorticity and are such that the effects of the other fluid properties are secondary.

Research in Numerical Fluid mechanics

Research in Numerical Fluid mechanics

Proceedings of the 25th Meeting of the Dutch Association for Numerical Fluid Mechanics

  • Author: Wesseling Pieter
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 332289729X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 130
  • View: 4848
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Modern Fluid Dynamics

Modern Fluid Dynamics

Basic Theory and Selected Applications in Macro- and Micro-Fluidics

  • Author: Clement Kleinstreuer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402086709
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 620
  • View: 5218
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This textbook covers essentials of traditional and modern fluid dynamics, i. e. , the fundamentals of and basic applications in fluid mechanics and convection heat transfer with brief excursions into fluid-particle dynamics and solid mechanics. Specifically, it is suggested that the book can be used to enhance the knowledge base and skill level of engineering and physics students in macro-scale fluid mechanics (see Chaps. 1–5 and 10), followed by an int- ductory excursion into micro-scale fluid dynamics (see Chaps. 6 to 9). These ten chapters are rather self-contained, i. e. , most of the material of Chaps. 1–10 (or selectively just certain chapters) could be taught in one course, based on the students’ background. Typically, serious seniors and first-year graduate students form a receptive audience (see sample syllabus). Such as target group of students would have had prerequisites in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics, where Part A would be a welcomed refresher. While introductory fluid mechanics books present the material in progressive order, i. e. , employing an inductive approach from the simple to the more difficult, the present text adopts more of a deductive approach. Indeed, understanding the derivation of the basic equations and then formulating the system-specific equations with suitable boundary conditions are two key steps for proper problem solutions.

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

  • Author: Jaime Klapp,Gerardo Ruíz Chavarría,Abraham Medina Ovando,Abel López Villa,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319114875
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 548
  • View: 3971
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This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.

Measurement in Fluid Mechanics

Measurement in Fluid Mechanics

  • Author: Stavros Tavoularis
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521815185
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 354
  • View: 4558
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Measurement in Fluid Mechanics is an introductory, up-to-date, general reference in experimental fluid mechanics, describing both classical and state-of-the-art methods for flow visualization and for measuring flow rate, pressure, velocity, temperature, concentration, and wall shear stress. Particularly suitable as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses. Measurement in Fluid Mechanics is also a valuable tool for practicing engineers and applied scientists. This book is written by a single author, in a consistent and straightforward style, with plenty of clear illustrations, an extensive bibliography, and over 100 suggested exercises. Measurement in Fluid Mechanics also features extensive background materials in system response, measurement uncertainty, signal analysis, optics, fluid mechanical apparatus, and laboratory practices, which shield the reader from having to consult with a large number of primary references. Whether for instructional or reference purposes, this book is a valuable tool for the study of fluid mechanics. Stavros Tavoularis has received a Dipl. Eng. from the National Technical University of Athens, Greece, an M.Sc. from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and a Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University. He has been a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Ottawa since 1980, where he has served terms as the Department Chair and Director of the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. His research interests include turbulence structure, turbulent diffusion, vortical flows, aerodynamics, biofluid dynamics, nuclear reactor thermal hydraulics and the development of experimental methods. Professor Tavoularis is a Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada, a Fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering and a recipient of the George S. Glinski Award for Excellence in Research. Contents: Part I. General concepts: 1. Flow properties and basic principles; 2. Measuring systems; 3. Measurement uncertainty; 4. Signal conditioning, discretization, and analysis; 5. Background for optical experimentation; 6. Fluid mechanical apparatus; 7. Towards a sound experiment; Part II. Measurement techniques: 8. Measurement of flow pressure; 9. Measurement of flow rate; 10. Flow visualization techniques; 11. Measurement of local flow velocity; 12. Measurement of temperature; 13. Measurement of composition; 14. Measurement of wall shear stress; 15. Outlook.

Fluid Dynamics

Fluid Dynamics

Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation

  • Author: Constantine Pozrikidis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1475733232
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 675
  • View: 4805
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Ready access to computers at an institutional and personal level has defined a new era in teaching and learning. The opportunity to extend the subject matter of traditional science and engineering disciplines into the realm of scientific computing has become not only desirable, but also necessary. Thanks to port ability and low overhead and operating costs, experimentation by numerical simulation has become a viable substitute, and occasionally the only alternative, to physical experiment at ion. The new environment has motivated the writing of texts and mono graphs with a modern perspective that incorporates numerical and com puter programming aspects as an integral part of the curriculum: meth ods, concepts, and ideas should be presented in a unified fashion that motivates and underlines the urgency of the new elements, but does not compromise the rigor of the classical approach and does not oversimplify. Interfacing fundamental concepts and practical methods of scientific computing can be done on different levels. In one approach, theory and implement at ion are kept complementary and presented in a sequential fashion. In a second approach, the coupling involves deriving compu tational methods and simulation algorithms, and translating equations into computer code instructions immediately following problem formu lations. The author of this book is a proponent of the second approach and advocates its adoption as a means of enhancing learning: interject ing methods of scientific computing into the traditional discourse offers a powerful venue for developing analytical skills and obtaining physical insight.

Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere

Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere

  • Author: Robert A. Brown
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780080917115
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 512
  • View: 7532
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Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere presents the fundamental equations which govern most of the flow problems studied by atmospheric scientists. The equations are derived in a systematic way that is intended to facilitate critical evaluation. The goal of this text is twofold. First the book supplies the student a background familiarity in the underlying physics behind the mathematics. Second it explores some systematic methods of relating these physics to atmospheric problems, including rotating frames of reference effects, vorticity dynamics, and turbulence effects on closure. Stresses vorticity, principles of scaling, and turbulence Extensively illustrated Includes end-of-chapter summaries and problem sets Classroom tested for five years

Handbook of Fluid Dynamics

Handbook of Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: Richard W. Johnson
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780849325090
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 1952
  • View: 8640
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This book provides professionals in the field of fluid dynamics with a comprehensive guide and resource. The book balances three traditional areas of fluid mechanics - theoretical, computational, and experimental - and expounds on basic science and engineering techniques. Each chapter introduces a topic, discusses the primary issues related to this subject, outlines approaches taken by experts, and supplies references for further information. Topics discussed include: basic engineering fluid dynamics classical fluid dynamics turbulence modeling reacting flows multiphase flows flow and porous media high Reynolds number asymptotic theories finite difference method finite volume method finite element method spectral element methods for incompressible flows experimental methods, such as hot-wire anemometry, laser-Doppler velocimetry, and flow visualization applications, such as axial-flow compressor and fan aerodynamics, turbomachinery, airfoils and wings, atmospheric flows, and mesoscale oceanic flows The text enables experts in particular areas to become familiar with useful information from outside their specialization, providing a broad reference for the significant areas within fluid dynamics.

Biofluid Mechanics

Biofluid Mechanics

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Macrocirculation, and Microcirculation

  • Author: David A. Rubenstein,Mary D. Frame,Wei Yin
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0123813832
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 400
  • View: 3331
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Both broad and deep in coverage, Rubenstein shows that fluid mechanics principles can be applied not only to blood circulation, but also to air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement and renal transport. Each section initiates discussion with governing equations, derives the state equations and then shows examples of their usage. Clinical applications, extensive worked examples, and numerous end of chapter problems clearly show the applications of fluid mechanics to biomedical engineering situations. A section on experimental techniques provides a springboard for future research efforts in the subject area. Uses language and math that is appropriate and conducive for undergraduate learning, containing many worked examples and end of chapter problems All engineering concepts and equations are developed within a biological context Covers topics in the traditional biofluids curriculum, as well as addressing other systems in the body that can be described by biofluid mechanics principles, such as air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement, and renal transport Clinical applications are discussed throughout the book, providing practical applications for the concepts discussed.

Elements of Fluid Dynamics

Elements of Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: Guido Buresti
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 1908977043
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 604
  • View: 6529
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Elements of Fluid Dynamics is intended to be a basic textbook, useful for undergraduate and graduate students in different fields of engineering, as well as in physics and applied mathematics. The main objective of the book is to provide an introduction to fluid dynamics in a simultaneously rigorous and accessible way, and its approach follows the idea that both the generation mechanisms and the main features of the fluid dynamic loads can be satisfactorily understood only after the equations of fluid motion and all their physical and mathematical implications have been thoroughly assimilated. Therefore, the complete equations of motion of a compressible viscous fluid are first derived and their physical and mathematical aspects are thoroughly discussed. Subsequently, the necessity of simplified treatments is highlighted, and a detailed analysis is made of the assumptions and range of applicability of the incompressible flow model, which is then adopted for most of the rest of the book. Furthermore, the role of the generation and dynamics of vorticity on the development of different flows is emphasized, as well as its influence on the characteristics, magnitude and predictability of the fluid dynamic loads acting on moving bodies. The book is divided into two parts which differ in target and method of utilization. The first part contains the fundamentals of fluid dynamics that are essential for any student new to the subject. This part of the book is organized in a strictly sequential way, i.e. each chapter is assumed to be carefully read and studied before the next one is tackled, and its aim is to lead the reader in understanding the origin of the fluid dynamic forces on different types of bodies. The second part of the book is devoted to selected topics that may be of more specific interest to different students. In particular, some theoretical aspects of incompressible flows are first analysed and classical applications of fluid dynamics such as the aerodynamics of airfoils, wings and bluff bodies are then described. The one-dimensional treatment of compressible flows is finally considered, together with its application to the study of the motion in ducts. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Introduction (133 KB) Request Inspection Copy

Mathematical Fluid Dynamics, Present and Future

Mathematical Fluid Dynamics, Present and Future

Tokyo, Japan, November 2014

  • Author: Yoshihiro Shibata,Yukihito Suzuki
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 4431564578
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 613
  • View: 7876
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This volume presents original papers ranging from an experimental study on cavitation jets to an up-to-date mathematical analysis of the Navier-Stokes equations for free boundary problems, reflecting topics featured at the International Conference on Mathematical Fluid Dynamics, Present and Future, held 11–14 November 2014 at Waseda University in Tokyo. The contributions address subjects in one- and two-phase fluid flows, including cavitation, liquid crystal flows, plasma flows, and blood flows. Written by internationally respected experts, these papers highlight the connections between mathematical, experimental, and computational fluid dynamics. The book is aimed at a wide readership in mathematics and engineering, including researchers and graduate students interested in mathematical fluid dynamics.

Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics

Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics

  • Author: E. Battaner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521437479
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 242
  • View: 1219
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First course in fluid dynamics covers the basics and introduces a wealth of astronomical applications.