Search Results for "foundation-mathematics-modern-applications-of-mathematics"

Foundation Mathematics

Foundation Mathematics

  • Author: Dexter J. Booth
  • Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman
  • ISBN: 9780201342949
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 639
  • View: 8314
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Provides a clear nonintimidating foundation in mathematics which develops students' ability to handle mathematics with confidence. Focus is on providing mathematical understanding and developing manipulative skills.

The History of Modern Mathematics: Institutions and applications

The History of Modern Mathematics: Institutions and applications

  • Author: David E. Rowe,John McCleary
  • Publisher: Academic Pr
  • ISBN: 9780125996624
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 325
  • View: 5820
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Key Features * Mathematical institutions in France and Germany and their role in promoting applications * Relationship between mathematics and physics * Foundations of mathematics * Complex variable theory, geometry and topology * Geometry in the spirit of Klein's Erlangen program * Algebra and number theory * Formative influences on mathematics in the United States

A First Course in Applied Mathematics

A First Course in Applied Mathematics

  • Author: Jorge Rebaza
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118229622
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 439
  • View: 9694
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Explore real–world applications of selected mathematical theory, concepts, and methods Exploring related methods that can be utilized in various fields of practice from science and engineering to business, A First Course in Applied Mathematics details how applied mathematics involves predictions, interpretations, analysis, and mathematical modeling to solve real–world problems. Written at a level that is accessible to readers from a wide range of scientific and engineering fields, the book masterfully blends standard topics with modern areas of application and provides the needed foundation for transitioning to more advanced subjects. The author utilizes MATLAB® to showcase the presented theory and illustrate interesting real–world applications to Google′s web page ranking algorithm, image compression, cryptography, chaos, and waste management systems. Additional topics covered include: Linear algebra Ranking web pages Matrix factorizations Least squares Image compression Ordinary differential equations Dynamical systems Mathematical models Throughout the book, theoretical and applications–oriented problems and exercises allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. An accompanying website features related MATLAB® code and additional resources. A First Course in Applied Mathematics is an ideal book for mathematics, computer science, and engineering courses at the upper–undergraduate level. The book also serves as a valuable reference for practitioners working with mathematical modeling, computational methods, and the applications of mathematics in their everyday work.

Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications

Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications

  • Author: Tomás Chacón Rebollo,Roger Lewandowski
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493904558
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 517
  • View: 7296
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With applications to climate, technology, and industry, the modeling and numerical simulation of turbulent flows are rich with history and modern relevance. The complexity of the problems that arise in the study of turbulence requires tools from various scientific disciplines, including mathematics, physics, engineering and computer science. Authored by two experts in the area with a long history of collaboration, this monograph provides a current, detailed look at several turbulence models from both the theoretical and numerical perspectives. The k-epsilon, large-eddy simulation and other models are rigorously derived and their performance is analyzed using benchmark simulations for real-world turbulent flows. Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications is an ideal reference for students in applied mathematics and engineering, as well as researchers in mathematical and numerical fluid dynamics. It is also a valuable resource for advanced graduate students in fluid dynamics, engineers, physical oceanographers, meteorologists and climatologists.

The Foundations of Mathematics in the Theory of Sets

The Foundations of Mathematics in the Theory of Sets

  • Author: John P. Mayberry
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521770347
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 424
  • View: 5591
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This 2001 book will appeal to mathematicians and philosophers interested in the foundations of mathematics.

Foundations of Modern Analysis

Foundations of Modern Analysis

  • Author: Avner Friedman
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780486640624
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 250
  • View: 9362
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Measure and integration, metric spaces, the elements of functional analysis in Banach spaces, and spectral theory in Hilbert spaces — all in a single study. Only book of its kind. Unusual topics, detailed analyses. Problems. Excellent for first-year graduate students, almost any course on modern analysis. Preface. Bibliography. Index.

Concepts of Modern Mathematics

Concepts of Modern Mathematics

  • Author: Ian Stewart
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780486284248
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 339
  • View: 2378
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Presents a humorous look at the concepts of "new math."

Logic, Mathematics, and Computer Science

Logic, Mathematics, and Computer Science

Modern Foundations with Practical Applications

  • Author: Yves Nievergelt
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1493932233
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 391
  • View: 7240
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This text for the first or second year undergraduate in mathematics, logic, computer science, or social sciences, introduces the reader to logic, proofs, sets, and number theory. It also serves as an excellent independent study reference and resource for instructors. Adapted from Foundations of Logic and Mathematics: Applications to Science and Cryptography © 2002 Birkhӓuser, this second edition provides a modern introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computers science, developing the theory that demonstrates construction of all mathematics and theoretical computer science from logic and set theory. The focuses is on foundations, with specific statements of all the associated axioms and rules of logic and set theory, and provides complete details and derivations of formal proofs. Copious references to literature that document historical development is also provided. Answers are found to many questions that usually remain unanswered: Why is the truth table for logical implication so unintuitive? Why are there no recipes to design proofs? Where do these numerous mathematical rules come from? What issues in logic, mathematics, and computer science still remain unresolved? And the perennial question: In what ways are we going to use this material? Additionally, the selection of topics presented reflects many major accomplishments from the twentieth century and includes applications in game theory and Nash's equilibrium, Gale and Shapley's match making algorithms, Arrow's Impossibility Theorem in voting, to name a few. From the reviews of the first edition: "...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS "Rigorous and modern in its theoretical aspect, attractive as a detective novel in its applied aspects, this paper book deserves the attention of both beginners and advanced students in mathematics, logic and computer sciences as well as in social sciences." —Zentralblatt MATH

Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Physics

A Modern Introduction to Its Foundations

  • Author: Sadri Hassani
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3319011952
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1205
  • View: 4493
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The goal of this book is to expose the reader to the indispensable role that mathematics plays in modern physics. Starting with the notion of vector spaces, the first half of the book develops topics as diverse as algebras, classical orthogonal polynomials, Fourier analysis, complex analysis, differential and integral equations, operator theory, and multi-dimensional Green's functions. The second half of the book introduces groups, manifolds, Lie groups and their representations, Clifford algebras and their representations, and fibre bundles and their applications to differential geometry and gauge theories. This second edition is a substantial revision with a complete rewriting of many chapters and the addition of new ones, including chapters on algebras, representation of Clifford algebras, fibre bundles, and gauge theories. The spirit of the first edition, namely the balance between rigour and physical application, has been maintained, as is the abundance of historical notes and worked out examples that demonstrate the "unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" in modern physics.

Foundations of Mathematical Analysis

Foundations of Mathematical Analysis

  • Author: Richard Johnsonbaugh,W.E. Pfaffenberger
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486134776
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 448
  • View: 6723
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Definitive look at modern analysis, with views of applications to statistics, numerical analysis, Fourier series, differential equations, mathematical analysis, and functional analysis. More than 750 exercises; some hints and solutions. 1981 edition.

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

  • Author: Abram S. Dorfman
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119320569
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 456
  • View: 9853
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Applications of mathematical heat transfer and fluid flow models in engineering and medicine Abram S. Dorfman, University of Michigan, USA Engineering and medical applications of cutting-edge heat and flow models This book presents innovative efficient methods in fluid flow and heat transfer developed and widely used over the last fifty years. The analysis is focused on mathematical models which are an essential part of any research effort as they demonstrate the validity of the results obtained. The universality of mathematics allows consideration of engineering and biological problems from one point of view using similar models. In this book, the current situation of applications of modern mathematical models is outlined in three parts. Part I offers in depth coverage of the applications of contemporary conjugate heat transfer models in various industrial and technological processes, from aerospace and nuclear reactors to drying and food processing. In Part II the theory and application of two recently developed models in fluid flow are considered: the similar conjugate model for simulation of biological systems, including flows in human organs, and applications of the latest developments in turbulence simulation by direct solution of Navier-Stokes equations, including flows around aircraft. Part III proposes fundamentals of laminar and turbulent flows and applied mathematics methods. The discussion is complimented by 365 examples selected from a list of 448 cited papers, 239 exercises and 136 commentaries. Key features: Peristaltic flows in normal and pathologic human organs. Modeling flows around aircraft at high Reynolds numbers. Special mathematical exercises allow the reader to complete expressions derivation following directions from the text. Procedure for preliminary choice between conjugate and common simple methods for particular problem solutions. Criterions of conjugation, definition of semi-conjugate solutions. This book is an ideal reference for graduate and post-graduate students and engineers.

Advances in Applied Mathematics, Modeling, and Computational Science

Advances in Applied Mathematics, Modeling, and Computational Science

  • Author: Roderick Melnik,Ilias S Kotsireas
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461453887
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 242
  • View: 5930
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The volume presents a selection of in-depth studies and state-of-the-art surveys of several challenging topics that are at the forefront of modern applied mathematics, mathematical modeling, and computational science. These three areas represent the foundation upon which the methodology of mathematical modeling and computational experiment is built as a ubiquitous tool in all areas of mathematical applications. This book covers both fundamental and applied research, ranging from studies of elliptic curves over finite fields with their applications to cryptography, to dynamic blocking problems, to random matrix theory with its innovative applications. The book provides the reader with state-of-the-art achievements in the development and application of new theories at the interface of applied mathematics, modeling, and computational science. This book aims at fostering interdisciplinary collaborations required to meet the modern challenges of applied mathematics, modeling, and computational science. At the same time, the contributions combine rigorous mathematical and computational procedures and examples from applications ranging from engineering to life sciences, providing a rich ground for graduate student projects.

Mathematical Foundations of Speech and Language Processing

Mathematical Foundations of Speech and Language Processing

  • Author: Mark Johnson,Sanjeev P. Khudanpur,Mari Ostendorf,Roni Rosenfeld
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441990178
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 289
  • View: 353
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Speech and language technologies continue to grow in importance as they are used to create natural and efficient interfaces between people and machines, and to automatically transcribe, extract, analyze, and route information from high-volume streams of spoken and written information. The workshops on Mathematical Foundations of Speech Processing and Natural Language Modeling were held in the Fall of 2000 at the University of Minnesota's NSF-sponsored Institute for Mathematics and Its Applications, as part of a "Mathematics in Multimedia" year-long program. Each workshop brought together researchers in the respective technologies on the one hand, and mathematicians and statisticians on the other hand, for an intensive week of cross-fertilization. There is a long history of benefit from introducing mathematical techniques and ideas to speech and language technologies. Examples include the source-channel paradigm, hidden Markov models, decision trees, exponential models and formal languages theory. It is likely that new mathematical techniques, or novel applications of existing techniques, will once again prove pivotal for moving the field forward. This volume consists of original contributions presented by participants during the two workshops. Topics include language modeling, prosody, acoustic-phonetic modeling, and statistical methodology.

Institutions and Applications

Institutions and Applications

Proceedings of the Symposium on the History of Modern Mathematics, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York, June 20-24, 1989

  • Author: David E. Rowe,John McCleary
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0080925464
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 325
  • View: 537
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The History of Modern Mathematics, Volume II: Institutions and Applications focuses on the history and progress of methodologies, techniques, principles, and approaches involved in modern mathematics. The selection first elaborates on crystallographic symmetry concepts and group theory, case of potential theory and electrodynamics, and geometrization of analytical mechanics. Discussions focus on differential geometry and least action, intrinsic differential geometry, physically-motivated research in potential theory, introduction of potentials in electrodynamics, and group theory and crystallography in the mid-19th century. The text then elaborates on Schouten, Levi-Civita, and emergence of tensor calculus, modes and manners of applied mathematics, and pure and applied mathematics in divergent institutional settings in Germany. Topics include function of mathematics within technical colleges, evolvement of the notion of applied mathematics, rise of technical colleges, and an engineering approach to mechanics. The publication examines the transformation of numerical analysis by the computer; mathematics at the Berlin Technische Hochschule/Technische Universität; and contribution of mathematical societies to promoting applications of mathematics in Germany. The selection is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in the history of modern mathematics. Mathematical institutions in France and Germany and their role in promoting applications Relationship between mathematics and physics Foundations of mathematics Complex variable theory, geometry and topology Geometry in the spirit of Klein's Erlangen program Algebra and number theory Formative influences on mathematics in the United States

The Nature and Growth of Modern Mathematics

The Nature and Growth of Modern Mathematics

  • Author: Edna Ernestine Kramer
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691023724
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 758
  • View: 9818
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Now available in a one-volume paperback, this book traces the development of the most important mathematical concepts, giving special attention to the lives and thoughts of such mathematical innovators as Pythagoras, Newton, Poincare, and Godel. Beginning with a Sumerian short story--ultimately linked to modern digital computers--the author clearly introduces concepts of binary operations; point-set topology; the nature of post-relativity geometries; optimization and decision processes; ergodic theorems; epsilon-delta arithmetization; integral equations; the beautiful "ideals" of Dedekind and Emmy Noether; and the importance of "purifying" mathematics. Organizing her material in a conceptual rather than a chronological manner, she integrates the traditional with the modern, enlivening her discussions with historical and biographical detail.

Foundations of Applied Mathematics, Volume I

Foundations of Applied Mathematics, Volume I

Mathematical Analysis

  • Author: Jeffrey Humpherys,Tyler J. Jarvis,Emily J. Evans
  • Publisher: SIAM
  • ISBN: 1611974895
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 689
  • View: 7098
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This book provides the essential foundations of both linear and nonlinear analysis necessary for understanding and working in twenty-first century applied and computational mathematics. In addition to the standard topics, this text includes several key concepts of modern applied mathematical analysis that should be, but are not typically, included in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate mathematics curricula. This material is the introductory foundation upon which algorithm analysis, optimization, probability, statistics, differential equations, machine learning, and control theory are built. When used in concert with the free supplemental lab materials, this text teaches students both the theory and the computational practice of modern mathematical analysis. Foundations of Applied Mathematics, Volume 1: Mathematical Analysis includes several key topics not usually treated in courses at this level, such as uniform contraction mappings, the continuous linear extension theorem, Daniell–Lebesgue integration, resolvents, spectral resolution theory, and pseudospectra. Ideas are developed in a mathematically rigorous way and students are provided with powerful tools and beautiful ideas that yield a number of nice proofs, all of which contribute to a deep understanding of advanced analysis and linear algebra. Carefully thought out exercises and examples are built on each other to reinforce and retain concepts and ideas and to achieve greater depth. Associated lab materials are available that expose students to applications and numerical computation and reinforce the theoretical ideas taught in the text. The text and labs combine to make students technically proficient and to answer the age-old question, "When am I going to use this?

Modern Mathematical Statistics with Applications

Modern Mathematical Statistics with Applications

  • Author: Jay L. Devore,Kenneth N. Berk
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461403901
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 845
  • View: 3842
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Many mathematical statistics texts are heavily oriented toward a rigorous mathematical development of probability and statistics, without much attention paid to how statistics is actually used.. In contrast, Modern Mathematical Statistics with Applications, Second Edition strikes a balance between mathematical foundations and statistical practice. In keeping with the recommendation that every math student should study statistics and probability with an emphasis on data analysis, accomplished authors Jay Devore and Kenneth Berk make statistical concepts and methods clear and relevant through careful explanations and a broad range of applications involving real data. The main focus of the book is on presenting and illustrating methods of inferential statistics that are useful in research. It begins with a chapter on descriptive statistics that immediately exposes the reader to real data. The next six chapters develop the probability material that bridges the gap between descriptive and inferential statistics. Point estimation, inferences based on statistical intervals, and hypothesis testing are then introduced in the next three chapters. The remainder of the book explores the use of this methodology in a variety of more complex settings. This edition includes a plethora of new exercises, a number of which are similar to what would be encountered on the actuarial exams that cover probability and statistics. Representative applications include investigating whether the average tip percentage in a particular restaurant exceeds the standard 15%, considering whether the flavor and aroma of Champagne are affected by bottle temperature or type of pour, modeling the relationship between college graduation rate and average SAT score, and assessing the likelihood of O-ring failure in space shuttle launches as related to launch temperature.

Deformation Theory and Quantum Groups with Applications to Mathematical Physics

Deformation Theory and Quantum Groups with Applications to Mathematical Physics

Proceedings of a AMS-IMS-SIAM 1990 Joint Summer Research Conference Held June 14-20 at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, with Support from the National Science Foundation

  • Author: Murray Gerstenhaber
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821851411
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 377
  • View: 3717
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Quantum groups are not groups at all, but special kinds of Hopf algebras of which the most important are closely related to Lie groups and play a central role in the statistical and wave mechanics of Baxter and Yang. Those occurring physically can be studied as essentially algebraic and closely related to the deformation theory of algebras (commutative, Lie, Hopf, and so on). One of the oldest forms of algebraic quantization amounts to the study of deformations of a commutative algebra $A$ (of classical observables) to a noncommutative algebra $A_h$ (of operators) with the infinitesimal deformation given by a Poisson bracket on the original algebra $A$. This volume grew out of an AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference, held in June 1990 at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. The conference brought together leading researchers in the several areas mentioned and in areas such as ``$q$ special functions'', which have their origins in the last century but whose relevance to modern physics has only recently been understood. Among the advances taking place during the conference was Majid's reconstruction theorem for Drinfeld's quasi-Hopf algebras. Readers will appreciate this snapshot of some of the latest developments in the mathematics of quantum groups and deformation theory.

Computer Algebra Handbook

Computer Algebra Handbook

Foundations · Applications · Systems

  • Author: Johannes Grabmeier,Erich Kaltofen,Volker Weispfenning
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642558267
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 637
  • View: 3218
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This Handbook gives a comprehensive snapshot of a field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science with applications in physics, engineering and education. Reviews 67 software systems and offers 100 pages on applications in physics, mathematics, computer science, engineering chemistry and education.

Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics

Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics

  • Author: B.S. Yadav,Man Mohan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780817646950
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 218
  • View: 5635
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This book presents contributions of mathematicians covering topics from ancient India, placing them in the broader context of the history of mathematics. Although the translations of some Sanskrit mathematical texts are available in the literature, Indian contributions are rarely presented in major Western historical works. Yet some of the well-known and universally-accepted discoveries from India, including the concept of zero and the decimal representation of numbers, have made lasting contributions to the foundation of modern mathematics. Through a systematic approach, this book examines these ancient mathematical ideas that were spread throughout India, China, the Islamic world, and Western Europe.