Search Results for "foundations-of-liberalism"

Foundations of Liberalism

Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Margaret Moore
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198273851
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 222
  • View: 4753
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This book is an original critique of contemporary liberal theories of justice, focusing on the problem of how to relate the personal point of view of the individual to the impartial perspective of justice. Margaret Moore's examination of prominent contemporary arguments for liberal justice reveals that individualist theories are subject to two serious difficulties: the motivation problem and the integrity problem. Individualists cannot explain why the individual should be motivated to act in accordance with the dictates of liberal justice, and - related to this - offer radically incoherent accounts of the person. Revisionist liberal attempts to ground liberalism in contextual and perfectionist terms offer more defensible foundations, but Dr Moore argues that such theories do not support liberal political principles. She concludes by sketching a historical and concrete approach to political and ethical theorizing which reformulates the relation between self-interest and morality, and is not subject to the problems that beset liberal individualist theories of justice. Her book advances the debate between communitarians and liberals about the kind of moral foundation which a liberal society requires.

Autonomy and Rights

Autonomy and Rights

The Moral Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Horacio Spector
  • Publisher: Clarendon Press
  • ISBN: 9780199533626
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 196
  • View: 495
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Moral and political theorists who espouse Egalitarianism and Marxism tend to assume that it is extremely hard, if not impossible, to put forward an original and plausible moral justification of classical liberalism. Professor Spector is concerned to build just such a justification. He reconstructs and then criticizes a familiar approach to the moral foundations of classical liberalism which rests on the maximization of negative freedom, and then frames an alternative theory centered in the obligation to protect positive freedom. In doing so he parts company not only with utilitarianism and contractarianism, but also with the theory of natural rights. Among the topics he discusses are the concepts of negative and positive freedom, the notion of a moral right, the connection between positive freedom and personal autonomy, the axiological uniqueness of each human being, and the agent-relativity of moral reasons.

Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Graham Long
  • Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
  • ISBN: 1845402693
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 275
  • View: 1252
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Moral relativism is often regarded as both fatally flawed and incompatible with liberalism. This book aims to show why such criticism is misconceived. First, it argues that relativism provides a plausible account of moral justification. Drawing on the contemporary relativist and universalist analyses of thinkers such as Harman, Nagel and Habermas, it develops an alternative account of ‘coherence relativism’. Turning to liberalism, the book argues that moral relativism is not only consistent with the claims of contemporary liberalism, but underpins those claims. The political liberalism of Rawls and Barry is founded on an unacknowledged commitment to a relativist account of justification. In combining these two elements, the book offers a new understanding of relativism, and demonstrates its relevance for contemporary liberal thought.

The Conservative Foundations of the Liberal Order

The Conservative Foundations of the Liberal Order

Defending Democracy Against Its Modern Enemies and Immoderate Friends

  • Author: Daniel J. Mahoney
  • Publisher: Isi Books
  • ISBN: 9781935191001
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9546
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Praise for Daniel J. Mahoney --

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

  • Author: Pierre Manent
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691029115
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 128
  • View: 2599
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Highlighting the social tensions that confront the liberal tradition, Pierre Manent draws a portrait of what we, citizens of modern liberal democracies, have become. For Manent, a discussion of liberalism encompasses the foundations of modern society, its secularism, its individualism, and its conception of rights. The frequent incapacity of the morally neutral, democratic state to further social causes, he argues, derives from the liberal stance that political life does not serve a higher purpose. Through quick-moving, highly synthetic essays, he explores the development of liberal thinking in terms of a single theme: the decline of theological politics. The author traces the liberal stance to Machiavelli, who, in seeking to divorce everyday life from the pervasive influence of the Catholic church, separated politics from all notions of a cosmological order. What followed, as Manent demonstrates in his analyses of Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Guizot, and Constant, was the evolving concept of an individual with no goals outside the confines of the self and a state with no purpose but to prevent individuals from dominating one another. Weighing both the positive and negative effects of such a political arrangement, Manent raises important questions about the fundamental political issues of the day, among them the possibility of individual rights being reconciled with the necessary demands of political organization, and the desirability of a government system neutral about religion but not about public morals.

Foundations of Betrayal

Foundations of Betrayal

How the Liberal Super-Rich Undermine America

  • Author: Phil Kent
  • Publisher: Zoe Publications (SC)
  • ISBN: 9780971985117
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 175
  • View: 7730
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Kent explains how numerous foundations are undermining the United States.

The House of Truth

The House of Truth

A Washington Political Salon and the Foundations of American Liberalism

  • Author: Brad Snyder
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190261986
  • Category: History
  • Page: 824
  • View: 2703
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In 1912, a group of ambitious young men, including future Supreme Court justice Felix Frankfurter and future journalistic giant Walter Lippmann, became disillusioned by the sluggish progress of change in the Taft Administration. The individuals started to band together informally, joined initially by their enthusiasm for Theodore Roosevelt's Bull Moose campaign. They self-mockingly called the 19th Street row house in which they congregated the "House of Truth," playing off the lively dinner discussions with frequent guest (and neighbor) Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. about life's verities. Lippmann and Frankfurter were house-mates, and their frequent guests included not merely Holmes but Louis Brandeis, Herbert Hoover, Herbert Croly - founder of the New Republic - and the sculptor (and sometime Klansman) Gutzon Borglum, later the creator of the Mount Rushmore monument. Weaving together the stories and trajectories of these varied, fascinating, combative, and sometimes contradictory figures, Brad Snyder shows how their thinking about government and policy shifted from a firm belief in progressivism - the belief that the government should protect its workers and regulate monopolies - into what we call liberalism - the belief that government can improve citizens' lives without abridging their civil liberties and, eventually, civil rights. Holmes replaced Roosevelt in their affections and aspirations. His famous dissents from 1919 onward showed how the Due Process clause could protect not just business but equality under the law, revealing how a generally conservative and reactionary Supreme Court might embrace, even initiate, political and social reform. Across the years, from 1912 until the start of the New Deal in 1933, the remarkable group of individuals associated with the House of Truth debated the future of America. They fought over Sacco and Vanzetti's innocence; the dangers of Communism; the role the United States should play the world after World War One; and thought dynamically about things like about minimum wage, child-welfare laws, banking insurance, and Social Security, notions they not only envisioned but worked to enact. American liberalism has no single source, but one was without question a row house in Dupont Circle and the lives that intertwined there at a crucial moment in the country's history.

The Theological Origins of Liberalism

The Theological Origins of Liberalism

  • Author: Ismail Kurun
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1498527418
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 270
  • View: 3919
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This eye-opening book offers a critical survey of the true origins of liberalism. It challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that liberalism was developed in opposition to Christianity. Beginning with the Protestant Reformation, it illustrates how Christian thinkers reinterpreted Christianity and used a set of indemonstrable biblical presuppositions from their reinterpretations to develop the first liberal ideas, starting a process that culminates in the birth of the first liberal political theory in the writings of a devout Christian philosopher, John Locke. It explains how the Protestant Reformation, covenant theology, anti-trinitarianism and medieval Christian natural law theories formed the foundations of liberalism. Thus, the central claim of this book is that liberalism is better understood as a radical reinterpretation of Christianity that emerged in the post-Reformation and early modern period. As a logical consequence of revealing the hitherto generally neglected roots of liberalism, it eventually proposes that a legally pluralist liberal political theory is the best way to maintain human dignity and peace in multi-religious societies of today’s globalized world.

The Lost Soul of American Politics

The Lost Soul of American Politics

Virtue, Self-Interest, and the Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: John P. Diggins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226148779
  • Category: History
  • Page: 409
  • View: 1044
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Traces the history of American political thought, and argues that the neo-conservatives have lost sight of the moral foundations of the country

The Foundations of American Citizenship

The Foundations of American Citizenship

Liberalism, the Constitution, and Civic Virtue

  • Author: Richard C. Sinopoli
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195070674
  • Category: History
  • Page: 215
  • View: 9235
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This study of exemplary writings from the debates over the ratification of the 1787 Constitution deals with the American constitutional founders' understandings of citizenship and civic virtue. Discussion of these debates is set in an analytical and historical context, addressing the rationales for and the nature of civic allegiance in liberal political regimes. Sinopoli analyzes the development of a distinctly liberal political psychology from its origins in John Locke, Adam Smith, and David Hume through the American founding and traces its implications for the current American polity.

Foundations of Liberalism

Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Individualism
  • Page: 222
  • View: 7884
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The Foundations of Anti-Apartheid

The Foundations of Anti-Apartheid

Liberal Humanitarians and Transnational Activists in Britain and the United States, c.1919-64

  • Author: R. Skinner
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230309089
  • Category: History
  • Page: 258
  • View: 6961
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Anti-apartheid was one of the most significant international causes of the late twentieth century. The book provides the first detailed history of the emergence of anti-apartheid activism in Britain and the USA, tracing the network of individuals and groups who shaped the moral and political character of the movement.

Equal Freedom

Equal Freedom

Selected Tanner Lectures on Human Values

  • Author: Stephen L. Darwall
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472082810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 9009
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Issues at the major fault-line of political beliefs and debates

Liberalism: Justice and reason

Liberalism: Justice and reason

  • Author: G. W. Smith
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415223607
  • Category: Liberalism
  • Page: 520
  • View: 1687
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Encompassing the relationship between the state and the individual, society and the individual, the nature of freedom and the concept of the person, this four-volume set covers the main tenets of the liberal tradition. The collection includes material from the rich background and history of classical writings, and also emphasizes modern scholarship and contemporary issues.Fully indexed and including a new introduction by the editor, this is an invaluable reference tool for both researchers and students in the field.

The Growth of the Liberal Soul

The Growth of the Liberal Soul

  • Author: David Walsh
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • ISBN: 9780826210821
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 386
  • View: 6794
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In The Growth of the Liberal Soul, David Walsh confronts a core difficulty of the liberal democratic tradition in explaining and justifying itself. Acknowledging the incompleteness of liberal order as a theoretical explication of its underlying beliefs, Walsh analyzes contemporary debates about the foundations of liberal democratic politics. The widespread abandonment of the search for foundations by John Rawls, Richard Rorty, Michael Oakeshott, and the deconstructionists has been interpreted as signifying the absence of any sustaining inner resources. The result has been the confusion of contemporary liberal democratic self-understanding, which cannot make sense of its own extraordinary historical success nor apparently prevent the evident unraveling of its own moral code. It is this state of crisis from which Walsh's study takes its point of departure. Unique in combining contemporary political relevance with historical depth, The Growth of the Liberal Soul brings together two approaches that are often treated separately. Walsh elaborates on the existential core of the liberal political tradition by way of an investigation of the historical sources and the raging contemporary debates. While many scholars have been content to call attention to the dependence of liberal politics on transcendent faith, Walsh studies the progress of experiential reality by which that connection is concretely effected in life. The Growth of the Liberal Soul will be of interest to all readers, especially those interested in the relationship between religion and politics.

Elite Foundations of Liberal Democracy

Elite Foundations of Liberal Democracy

  • Author: John Higley,Michael Burton
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 0742568555
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 1477
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This compelling and convincing study, the capstone of decades of research, argues that political regimes are created and sustained by elites. Liberal democracies are no exception; they depend, above all, on the formation and persistence of consensually united elites. John Higley and Michael Burton explore the circumstances and ways in which such elites have formed in the modern world. They identify pressures that may cause a basic change in the structure and functioning of elites in established liberal democracies, and they ask if the elites cluster around George W. Bush are a harbinger of this change. The authors' powerful and important argument reframes our thinking about liberal democracy and questions optimistic assumptions about the prospects for its spread in the twenty-first century.

Less About Me; More About We

Less About Me; More About We

Judeo-Christian Moral Foundations of Liberal Thought

  • Author: Daniel C. Bruch with Thomas W. Striete
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1483600351
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 150
  • View: 4709
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This book is an answer to those who claim that liberalism is immoral and is somehow destroying the cultural values of the USA. It seeks to reinvigorate the over-arching liberal value that it is “less about me and more about we.” It also seeks to provide a careful and reasoned response, in a specifically Judeo-Christian context, to many of the most vocalized and divisive current issues: patriotism, war, abortion, the “war” on women, homosexuality, poverty, and the environment. Using quiet, confident scholarship and reason, the authors seek to restore and energize a more informed response to the Religious and Political Right.

Another Liberalism

Another Liberalism

Romanticism and the Reconstruction of Liberal Thought

  • Author: Nancy L. Rosenblum
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674037656
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 225
  • View: 7021
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Another Liberalism contributes an original perspective to debates about the nature and foundations of liberal thought. In it Nancy Rosenblum describes the dynamic of romanticism and liberalism as one of mutual opposition and reconciliation. She argues that romanticism sees liberalism as cold, contractual, and aloof. And conventional liberal legalism disdains romanticism's longing for all that is personal, unique, and expressive. We learn, however, that romanticism, chastened by its excesses and frustrated by its failures, can "come home" to liberalism. We also learn that liberalism can accommodate individuality and expressivity, reclaiming what it had repressed. Rosenblum creates a typology of romantic reconstructions of liberal thought: heroic individualism, communitarianism, and a new face of pluralism. The author draws on nineteenth--and twentieth--century philosophy and literature: on Thoreau, Humboldt, Constant, Stendhal, and Mill, among others, and on contemporary political theorists for whom romanticism is a source not only of aversion to liberalism but also of resources for reform.

Moral Selfhood in the Liberal Tradition

Moral Selfhood in the Liberal Tradition

The Politics of Individuality

  • Author: Paul Fairfield
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 9780802047366
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 4609
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Beginning with a wide-ranging discussion of liberal philosophers, Fairfield proposes that liberalism requires a complete reconception of moral selfhood, one that accommodates elements of the contemporary critiques without abandoning liberal individualism.

Freedom After the Critique of Foundations

Freedom After the Critique of Foundations

Marx, Liberalism, Castoriadis and Agonistic Autonomy

  • Author: Alexandros Kioupkiolis
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 0230279120
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 276
  • View: 4770
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Freedom After the Critique of Foundations engages with the work of the Greek-French thinker Cornelius Castoriadis, a founding member of the Socialisme ou Barbarie group whose ideas inspired the French May '68, in order to formulate an account of agonistic autonomy for individuals and societies. This is a critical conception of freedom which informs a broad spectrum of contemporary political thought and practice, ranging from theories of agonistic democracy and Foucault's ethic of 'care for the self' to the liberal pluralism of Joseph Raz, post-anarchist thought and contemporary movements for global justice and 'real democracy'. The discussion shows how agonistic autonomy brings together imagination, radical reflection, self-creation, pluralism and an ongoing struggle against closed identities in order to challenge and enhance Marxian and liberal ideas of freedom. The book tackles the problem of relativism and addresses a wider range of ontological, ethical and political questions raised by an agonistic outlook which dismisses objective foundations in science, history and morality.