Search Results for "foundations-of-liberalism"

Foundations of Liberalism

Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Margaret Moore
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198273851
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 222
  • View: 9365
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This book is an original critique of contemporary liberal theories of justice, focusing on the problem of how to relate the personal point of view of the individual to the impartial perspective of justice. Margaret Moore's examination of prominent contemporary arguments for liberal justice reveals that individualist theories are subject to two serious difficulties: the motivation problem and the integrity problem. Individualists cannot explain why the individual should be motivated to act in accordance with the dictates of liberal justice, and - related to this - offer radically incoherent accounts of the person. Revisionist liberal attempts to ground liberalism in contextual and perfectionist terms offer more defensible foundations, but Dr Moore argues that such theories do not support liberal political principles. She concludes by sketching a historical and concrete approach to political and ethical theorizing which reformulates the relation between self-interest and morality, and is not subject to the problems that beset liberal individualist theories of justice. Her book advances the debate between communitarians and liberals about the kind of moral foundation which a liberal society requires.

Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

Relativism and the Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Graham Long
  • Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
  • ISBN: 1845402693
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 275
  • View: 7795
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Moral relativism is often regarded as both fatally flawed and incompatible with liberalism. This book aims to show why such criticism is misconceived. First, it argues that relativism provides a plausible account of moral justification. Drawing on the contemporary relativist and universalist analyses of thinkers such as Harman, Nagel and Habermas, it develops an alternative account of ‘coherence relativism’. Turning to liberalism, the book argues that moral relativism is not only consistent with the claims of contemporary liberalism, but underpins those claims. The political liberalism of Rawls and Barry is founded on an unacknowledged commitment to a relativist account of justification. In combining these two elements, the book offers a new understanding of relativism, and demonstrates its relevance for contemporary liberal thought.

Liberalismus

Liberalismus

  • Author: Ludwig Mises
  • Publisher: Ludwig von Mises Institute
  • ISBN: 1933550864
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1510
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Autonomy and Rights

Autonomy and Rights

The Moral Foundations of Liberalism

  • Author: Horacio Spector
  • Publisher: Clarendon Press
  • ISBN: 9780199533626
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 196
  • View: 1631
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Moral and political theorists who espouse Egalitarianism and Marxism tend to assume that it is extremely hard, if not impossible, to put forward an original and plausible moral justification of classical liberalism. Professor Spector is concerned to build just such a justification. He reconstructs and then criticizes a familiar approach to the moral foundations of classical liberalism which rests on the maximization of negative freedom, and then frames an alternative theory centered in the obligation to protect positive freedom. In doing so he parts company not only with utilitarianism and contractarianism, but also with the theory of natural rights. Among the topics he discusses are the concepts of negative and positive freedom, the notion of a moral right, the connection between positive freedom and personal autonomy, the axiological uniqueness of each human being, and the agent-relativity of moral reasons.

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

  • Author: Pierre Manent
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691029115
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 128
  • View: 6815
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Highlighting the social tensions that confront the liberal tradition, Pierre Manent draws a portrait of what we, citizens of modern liberal democracies, have become. For Manent, a discussion of liberalism encompasses the foundations of modern society, its secularism, its individualism, and its conception of rights. The frequent incapacity of the morally neutral, democratic state to further social causes, he argues, derives from the liberal stance that political life does not serve a higher purpose. Through quick-moving, highly synthetic essays, he explores the development of liberal thinking in terms of a single theme: the decline of theological politics. The author traces the liberal stance to Machiavelli, who, in seeking to divorce everyday life from the pervasive influence of the Catholic church, separated politics from all notions of a cosmological order. What followed, as Manent demonstrates in his analyses of Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Guizot, and Constant, was the evolving concept of an individual with no goals outside the confines of the self and a state with no purpose but to prevent individuals from dominating one another. Weighing both the positive and negative effects of such a political arrangement, Manent raises important questions about the fundamental political issues of the day, among them the possibility of individual rights being reconciled with the necessary demands of political organization, and the desirability of a government system neutral about religion but not about public morals.

Moral Selfhood in the Liberal Tradition

Moral Selfhood in the Liberal Tradition

The Politics of Individuality

  • Author: Paul Fairfield
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 9780802047366
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 6697
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Beginning with a wide-ranging discussion of liberal philosophers, Fairfield proposes that liberalism requires a complete reconception of moral selfhood, one that accommodates elements of the contemporary critiques without abandoning liberal individualism.

The Foundations of American Citizenship

The Foundations of American Citizenship

Liberalism, the Constitution, and Civic Virtue

  • Author: Richard C. Sinopoli
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195070674
  • Category: History
  • Page: 215
  • View: 5623
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This study of exemplary writings from the debates over the ratification of the 1787 Constitution deals with the American constitutional founders' understandings of citizenship and civic virtue. Discussion of these debates is set in an analytical and historical context, addressing the rationales for and the nature of civic allegiance in liberal political regimes. Sinopoli analyzes the development of a distinctly liberal political psychology from its origins in John Locke, Adam Smith, and David Hume through the American founding and traces its implications for the current American polity.

Equal Freedom

Equal Freedom

Selected Tanner Lectures on Human Values

  • Author: Stephen L. Darwall
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472082810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 4912
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Issues at the major fault-line of political beliefs and debates

Liberalism: Justice and reason

Liberalism: Justice and reason

  • Author: G. W. Smith
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415223607
  • Category: Liberalism
  • Page: 520
  • View: 8491
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Encompassing the relationship between the state and the individual, society and the individual, the nature of freedom and the concept of the person, this four-volume set covers the main tenets of the liberal tradition. The collection includes material from the rich background and history of classical writings, and also emphasizes modern scholarship and contemporary issues.Fully indexed and including a new introduction by the editor, this is an invaluable reference tool for both researchers and students in the field.

The Conservative Foundations of the Liberal Order

The Conservative Foundations of the Liberal Order

Defending Democracy Against Its Modern Enemies and Immoderate Friends

  • Author: Daniel J. Mahoney
  • Publisher: Isi Books
  • ISBN: 9781935191001
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9533
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Praise for Daniel J. Mahoney --

Liberal Rights

Liberal Rights

Collected Papers 1981-1991

  • Author: Jeremy Waldron
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521436175
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 480
  • View: 6174
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9. Rights in conflict

The Theological Origins of Liberalism

The Theological Origins of Liberalism

  • Author: Ismail Kurun
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1498527418
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 270
  • View: 9459
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This book argues that liberalism was founded on a set of premises borrowed from Christian theology. It is indispensable for any student of liberalism and early modern political thought as well as for scholars of liberal political theory and Christian theology.

Less About Me; More About We

Less About Me; More About We

Judeo-Christian Moral Foundations of Liberal Thought

  • Author: Daniel C. Bruch with Thomas W. Striete
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1483600351
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 150
  • View: 3596
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This book is an answer to those who claim that liberalism is immoral and is somehow destroying the cultural values of the USA. It seeks to reinvigorate the over-arching liberal value that it is “less about me and more about we.” It also seeks to provide a careful and reasoned response, in a specifically Judeo-Christian context, to many of the most vocalized and divisive current issues: patriotism, war, abortion, the “war” on women, homosexuality, poverty, and the environment. Using quiet, confident scholarship and reason, the authors seek to restore and energize a more informed response to the Religious and Political Right.

Liberalism and the Limits of Justice

Liberalism and the Limits of Justice

  • Author: Michael J. Sandel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521567411
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 231
  • View: 4453
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Previous edition published in 1982.

The Foundations of American Jewish Liberalism

The Foundations of American Jewish Liberalism

  • Author: Kenneth D. Wald
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781108708852
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6494
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American Jews have built a political culture based on the principle of equal citizenship in a secular state. This durable worldview has guided their political behavior from the founding to the present day. In The Foundations of American Jewish Liberalism, Kenneth D. Wald traces the development of this culture by examining the controversies and threats that stimulated political participation by American Jews. Wald shows that the American political environment, permeated by classic liberal values, produced a Jewish community that differs politically from non-Jews who resemble Jews socially and from Jewish communities abroad. Drawing on survey data and extensive archival research, the book examines the ups and downs of Jewish attachment to liberalism and the Democratic Party and the tensions between two distinct strains of liberalism.

Ethische und politische Freiheit

Ethische und politische Freiheit

  • Author: Julian Nida-Rümelin,Wilhelm Vossenkuhl
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110815761
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 544
  • View: 2851
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Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control, 1867-1967

Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control, 1867-1967

  • Author: Christopher G. Anderson
  • Publisher: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 077482395X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 9230
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With restrictive immigration policies, increased interdiction, and the detention of asylum seekers, it is clear that Canada's approach to border control has shifted in recent years. Yet such practices are just the latest in a long and complex national history. Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control sheds light on the first century of Canada's efforts to control its borders, framing pivotal moments within a long-standing but often overlooked debate over the rights of non-citizens. Anderson provides valuable insights into contemporary liberal-democratic control by demonstrating that today's more restrictive approach reflects traditions deeply embedded within liberal democracies.

The Legacy of John Rawls

The Legacy of John Rawls

  • Author: Thom Brooks,Fabian Freyenhagen
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780826478436
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 218
  • View: 317
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John Rawls was unquestionably the most important moral and political philosopher of the last one hundred years. His A Theory of Justice published in 1971 is already a classic text, and his political philosophy is more widely studied than that of any other theorist. Interest in Rawls's work has increased still further since his recent death and the publication of his complete works, but until now, there has been no single volume that explores the legacy of his work. This book fills the void, making a substantial contribution not only to work on Rawls's thought but to contemporary debates in ethics and justice as well. The book will be of great interest to academics and students in philosophy, politics, and law departments alike.

Comparative Politics: Western Europe and the United States: foundations of comparative politics

Comparative Politics: Western Europe and the United States: foundations of comparative politics

  • Author: Howard J. Wiarda
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415330947
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 3863
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This collection reprints essential articles in the systematic study of all of the world's political systems. The pieces here focus on issues such as public opinion formation, interest group lobbying, political party activity, as well as the institutions of government, including executives, legislatures, and legal systems. br br The editors have also written an introductory volume explaining the history main approaches, and controversies in the field, covering the debates on formal-legalism, developmentalism, dependency theory, corporatism, rational choice, and much more.

Catholicism, Liberalism, and Communitarianism

Catholicism, Liberalism, and Communitarianism

The Catholic Intellectual Tradition and the Moral Foundations of Democracy

  • Author: Kenneth L. Grasso,Gerard V. Bradley,Robert P. Hunt
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780847679959
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 271
  • View: 7317
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"This book makes a very ambitious proposal. The proposal is that Catholic social thought can contribute significantly to revivifying the American experiment in liberal democracy. That there is a need, and urgent need, for such a revival is today widely recognized by thinkers across the political and philosophical spectrum. Some of the essays here are polemical and others apologetic, but the book taken all in all is a proposal. As such, it must make its case sometimes in conversation with and sometimes against other proposals that are advanced in the public square of democratic discourse." [Foreword].