Search Results for "freedom-and-the-pursuit-of-happiness-an-economic-and-political-perspective"

Freedom and the Pursuit of Happiness

Freedom and the Pursuit of Happiness

An Economic and Political Perspective

  • Author: Sebastiano Bavetta,Pietro Navarra,Dario Maimone
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139992597
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2585
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This book is about the relationship between different concepts of freedom and happiness. The book's authors distinguish three concepts for which an empirical measure exists: opportunity to choose (negative freedom), capability to choose (positive freedom), and autonomy to choose (autonomy freedom). They also provide a comprehensive account of the relationship between freedom and well-being by comparing channels through which freedoms affect quality of life. The book also explores whether the different conceptions of freedom complement or replace each other in the determination of the level of well-being. In so doing, the authors make freedoms a tool for policy making and are able to say which conception is the most effective for well-being, as circumstances change. The results have implications for a justification of a free society: maximizing freedoms is good for its favorable consequences upon individual well-being, a fundamental value for the judgment of human advantage.

The Pursuit of Happiness

The Pursuit of Happiness

An Economy of Well-Being

  • Author: Carol Graham
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815724047
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 164
  • View: 5199
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In The Pursuit of Happiness, the latest addition to the Brookings FOCUS series, Carol Graham explores what we know about the determinants of happiness, acrossand within countries at different stages of development. She then takes a look at just what we can do with that new knowledge and clearly presents both the promise and thepotential pitfalls of injecting the "economics of happiness" into public policymaking. This burgeoning field, largely a product of collaboration between economists and psychologists, is gaining great currency worldwide. One of a handful of pioneers to studythis topic a mere decade ago, Graham is understandably excited about how far the concept has come and its possible utility in the future. The British, French, and Braziliangovernments already have introduced happiness metrics into their benchmarks of national progress, and the U.S. government could follow suit. But "happiness" as a yardstick to help measure a nation's well-being is still a relatively new approach, and many questions remain unanswered. The Pursuit of Happiness spotlights the innovative contributions of happiness research to the dismal science. But it also raises a cautionary note about the issues that stillneed to be addressed before policymakers can make best use of them. An effective definition of well-being that goes beyond measuring income —the Gross National Productapproach —could very well lead to improved understanding of poverty and economic welfare. But the question remains: how best to measure and quantify happiness? While scholars have developed rigorous measures of well-being that can be included in our statistics —as the British are already doing —to what degree should we use such metrics to shape and evaluate policy, particularly in assessing development outcomes? Graham considers a number of unanswered questions, such as whether policy should be more concerned with increasing day-to-day contentment or with providing greater opportunity to build a fulfilling life. Other issues include whether we care more about the happiness of today's citizens or that of future generations. Policies such as reducing our fiscal deficits or reforming our health care system, for example, typically require sacrificing current consumption and immediate well-being for better long-run outcomes. Another is whether policy should focus on reducing misery or raising general levels ofwell-being beyond their relatively high levels, in the same way that reducing poverty is only one choice among many objectives in our macroeconomic policy. Employing the new metrics without attention to these questions could produce mistakes that might undermine the long-term prospects for a truly meaningful economics of well-being. Despite this cautionary note, Graham points out that it is surely a positive development that some of our public attention is going to better understanding and enhancing the well-being of our citizens, rather than emphasizing the rootsof their divide.

Big Picture Perspectives and A Pursuit of Social Activism

Big Picture Perspectives and A Pursuit of Social Activism

  • Author: Tiffany Twain
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • ISBN: 1300919736
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 214
  • View: 9616
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This Book Eight of the Earth Manifesto contains incisive essays, including "A Sharp Analysis and Scathing Critique of Misguided and Misguiding American Leaders" and "Climate Change Considerations," along with provocative Pope Francis-inspired "Views on High from an Angular Unconformist," and "Sad Implications of the Two Dueling Santa Claus Strategies in Political Economics." It also contains renewed assessments of optimum economic and social planning for the United States and nations around the world. And it contains an interesting Open Letter to President Obama and the American People, written back when he was president, which articulates ways to achieve political reforms that would contribute to the common good over the long run. And there is a provisional Film Script for this manifesto.

The Bioregional Economy

The Bioregional Economy

Land, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness

  • Author: Molly Scott Cato
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136181733
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 254
  • View: 3911
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In a world of climate change and declining oil supplies, what is the plan for the provisioning of resources? Green economists suggest a need to replace the globalised economy, and its extended supply chains, with a more ‘local’ economy. But what does this mean in more concrete terms? How large is a local economy, how self-reliant can it be, and what resources will still need to be imported? The concept of the ‘bioregion’ — developed and popularised within the disciplines of earth sciences, biosciences and planning — may facilitate the reconceptualisation of the global economy as a system of largely self-sufficient local economies. A bioregional approach to economics assumes a different system of values to that which dominates neoclassical economics. The global economy is driven by growth, and the consumption ethic that matches this is one of expansion in range and quantity. Goods are defined as scarce, and access to them is a process based on competition. The bioregional approach challenges every aspect of that value system. It seeks a new ethic of consumption that prioritises locality, accountability and conviviality in the place of expansion and profit; it proposes a shift in the focus of the economy away from profits and towards provisioning; and it assumes a radical reorientation of work from employment towards livelihood. This book by leading green economist Molly Scott Cato sets out a visionary and yet rigorous account of what a bioregional approach to the economy would mean — and how to get there from here.

Theological Perspectives for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Theological Perspectives for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Public Intellectuals for the Twenty-First Century

  • Author: A. Isasi-Diaz,M. Fulkerson,R. Carbine
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137372214
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 1649
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Rather than wield religion as a weapon or a ruse in irrational appeals, the book attempts to reimagine a shared American mythos and ethos, by reminding us of our shared stake in creating an America committed to the life of all peoples and species and to the full developments of our capabilities as an exercise of liberty.

A Nation for All

A Nation for All

How the Catholic Vision of the Common Good Can Save America from the Politics of Division

  • Author: Senator Chris Korzen,Senator Alexia Kelley
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470370211
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2206
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On the eve of the most important presidential election in decades, A NATION FOR ALL sounds the trumpet to the tens of millions of U.S. Catholics who have refused to buy the notion that people of faith must subscribe to the narrow agenda of the far right. By shining the light of authentic Catholic teaching on pressing contemporary concerns like war, human dignity, poverty, and the looming global climate crisis, this book shows Catholics how their own faith tradition calls them to tackle a sweeping array of issues commonly left out of the faith and politics dialog. Most important, A NATION FOR ALL demonstrates how the core Catholic and Christian belief in promoting the common good can provide Americans of all faith traditions with a much-needed solution to the downward spiral of greed, materialism, and excessive individualism.

Critical Theory of Legal Revolutions

Critical Theory of Legal Revolutions

Evolutionary Perspectives

  • Author: Hauke Brunkhorst
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1441137009
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8170
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This unique work analyzes the crisis in modern society, building on the ideas of the Frankfurt School thinkers. Emphasizing social evolution and learning processes, it argues that crisis is mediated by social class conflicts and collective learning, the results of which are embodied in constitutional and public law. First, the work outlines a new categorical framework of critical theory in which it is conceived as a theory of crisis. It shows that the Marxist focus on economy and on class struggle is too narrow to deal with the range of social conflicts within modern society, and posits that a crisis of legitimization is at the core of all crises. It then discusses the dialectic of revolutionary and evolutionary developmental processes of modern society and its legal system. This volume in the Critical Theory and Contemporary Society by a leading scholar in the field provides a new approach to critical theory that will appeal to anyone studying political sociology, political theory, and law.

Early Modern Conceptions of Property

Early Modern Conceptions of Property

  • Author: John Brewer,Susan Staves
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136190856
  • Category: History
  • Page: 632
  • View: 6827
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Early Modern Conceptions of Property draws together distinguished academics from a variety of disciplines, including law, economics, politics, art history, social history and literature, in order to consider fundamental issues of property in the early modern period. Presenting diverse original historical and literary case studies in a sophisticated theoretical framework, it offers a challenge to conventional interpretations.

Family Problems

Family Problems

Stress, Risk, and Resilience

  • Author: Joyce A. Arditti
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118352696
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 9747
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Family Problems: Stress, Risk, and Resilience presents aninterdisciplinary collection of original essays that push theboundaries of family science to reflect the increasingly diversecomplexity of family concerns in the modern world. Represents the most up-to-date family problem research whileaddressing such contemporary issues as parental incarceration, samesex marriage, health care disparities, and welfare reform Features brief chapter introductions that provide context anddirection to guide the student to the heart of what’simportant in the piece that follows Includes critical thinking questions to enhance the utility ofthe book for classroom use Responds to family problem issues through the lens of a socialjustice perspective

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

  • Author: J. Steets
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230290612
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4319
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A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. This book presents a new model of accountability which ensures that public-private partnerships don't erode public accountability. It defines concrete accountability standards for different types of partnerships.