Search Results for "from-frontier-policy-to-foreign-policy"

From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy

From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy

The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China

  • Author: Matthew Mosca
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804785384
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 9948
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Between the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries, Qing rulers, officials, and scholars fused diverse, fragmented perceptions of foreign territory into one integrated worldview. In the same period, a single "foreign" policy emerged as an alternative to the many localized "frontier" policies hitherto pursued on the coast, in Xinjiang, and in Tibet. By unraveling Chinese, Manchu, and British sources to reveal the information networks used by the Qing empire to gather intelligence about its emerging rival, British India, this book explores China's altered understanding of its place in a global context. Far from being hobbled by a Sinocentric worldview, Qing China's officials and scholars paid close attention to foreign affairs. To meet the growing British threat, they adapted institutional practices and geopolitical assumptions to coordinate a response across their maritime and inland borderlands. In time, the new and more active response to Western imperialism built on this foundation reshaped not only China's diplomacy but also the internal relationship between Beijing and its frontiers.

Die Tragödie der amerikanischen Diplomatie

Die Tragödie der amerikanischen Diplomatie

  • Author: William Appleman Williams
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518574447
  • Category:
  • Page: 350
  • View: 8496
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Bis an die Grenze

Bis an die Grenze

Roman

  • Author: Dave Eggers
  • Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
  • ISBN: 3462316028
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 492
  • View: 6337
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Eine Mutter auf der Flucht – ein Roadtrip ans Ende der Zivilisation »Bis an die Grenze« ist ein berührender, warmherziger Roman, in dessen Zentrum Josie steht, eine alleinerziehende Mutter, die mitsamt ihren beiden Kindern aus den Zwängen ihres Vorstadtlebens flieht und sich in der Wildnis Alaskas neu zu finden sucht. Dave Eggers Porträt einer Frau, die hin- und hergerissen ist zwischen dem Wunsch nach Konformität und nach Freiheit, ist hochkomisch, wahrhaftig und ungemein aktuell. Josie, eine Zahnärztin, die ihre Praxis hat schließen müssen, bekommt Panik, als ihr Exmann darum bittet, die gemeinsamen Kinder seiner neuen Verlobten vorstellen zu dürfen. Sie packt die Kinder und flieht mit ihnen an den entlegensten Ort, der für sie ohne Pass erreichbar ist: Alaska. Die Reise in dem angemieteten, abgetakelten Wohnmobil durch die Wildnis rüttelt die Familie durcheinander. Der achtjährige Paul übernimmt die fürsorgliche Vaterrolle in der Familie, während die fünfjährige Ana Chaos und Zerstörung magisch anzieht. Was sich zunächst wie ein Abenteuerurlaub am Ende der Welt anfühlt, wird schnell zur verzweifelten Flucht, nicht zuletzt vor einem Lauffeuer, das in der Region ausgebrochen ist. Doch nicht nur das Feuer scheint Josie auf den Fersen zu sein, sie kämpft auch gegen die imaginären sowie realen Geister ihrer Vergangenheit und muss dafür bis an ihre Grenze gehen.

The Making of China's Foreign Policy in the 21st century

The Making of China's Foreign Policy in the 21st century

Historical Sources, Institutions/Players, and Perceptions of Power Relations

  • Author: Suisheng Zhao
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317355849
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 8726
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This book is a study of the making of foreign policy of China, a rising power in the 21st century. It examines three sets of driving forces behind China’s foreign policy making. One is historical sources, including the selective memories and reconstruction of the glorious empire with an ethnocentric world outlook and the century of humiliation at the hands of foreign imperialist powers. The second set is domestic institutions and players, particularly the proliferation of new party and government institutions and players, such as the national security commission, foreign policy think tanks, media and local governments. The third set is Chinese perception of power relations, particularly their position in the international system and their position relations with major powers. This book consists of articles from the Journal of Contemporary China.

China's Encounters on the South and Southwest

China's Encounters on the South and Southwest

Reforging the Fiery Frontier Over Two Millennia

  • Author: James A. Anderson,John K. Whitmore
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004282483
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 442
  • View: 4602
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China's Encounters on the South and Southwest. Reforging the Fiery Frontier Over Two Millennia describes the southern periphery of China and the many local and state agents acting first to shift and then to shape this territory over two thousand years, mainly by land but now by sea.

Qing Travelers to the Far West

Qing Travelers to the Far West

Diplomacy and the Information Order in Late Imperial China

  • Author: Jenny Huangfu Day
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108593704
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9891
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Prior to the nineteenth century, the West occupied an anomalous space in the Chinese imagination, populated by untamable barbarians and unearthly immortals. First-hand accounts and correspondence from Qing envoys and diplomats to Europe unraveled that perception. In this path-breaking study, Jenny Huangfu Day interweaves the history of Qing legation-building with the personal stories of China's first official travelers, envoys and diplomats to Europe. She explores how diplomat-travelers navigated the conceptual and physical space of a land virtually unmapped in the Chinese intellectual tradition and created a new information order. This study reveals the fluidity, heterogeneity, and ambivalence of their experience, and the layers of tension between thinking, writing, and publishing about the West. By integrating diplomatic and intellectual history with literary analysis and communication studies, Day offers a fundamentally new interpretation of the Qing's engagement with the West.

Handwörterbuch der Mandschusprache

Handwörterbuch der Mandschusprache

  • Author: Erich Hauer,Oliver Corff
  • Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783447055284
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 536
  • View: 6877
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Die Neuausgabe des vergriffenen Hauerschen Mandschurisch-Deutschen Worterbuches wendet sich an alle Studierenden der mandschurischen Sprache sowie an Sinologen, Historiker des Qing-Reiches und Zentralasienwissenschaftler, die in ihrer Arbeit mit mandschurischen Texten in Beruhrung kommen. Das Worterbuch ist unubertroffen in seiner Auswahl an Belegstellen, die allen Lernenden helfen, den mandschurischen Wortschatz im Kontext besser zu verstehen. Gleichzeitig eroffnet es durch die akkurate Wiedergabe der Namen von Beamtentiteln und staatlichen Einrichtungen Einblicke in die Kultur und gesellschaftliche Struktur Chinas zur Qing-Zeit. Fur die Neuausgabe wurde der gesamte Text behutsam uberarbeitet: Offensichtliche Fehler wurden korrigiert, die Orthographie der Stichworter wurde vereinheitlicht und gleichzeitig der deskriptive Charakter der Erstausgabe bewahrt. Uber 1300 Worter, u.a. religiose Terminologie sowie der Wortschatz des Funfsprachenspiegels, wurden neu aufgenommen.

The Foreign Policy of Pakistan

The Foreign Policy of Pakistan

Ethnic Impacts on Diplomacy 1971-1994

  • Author: Mehtab Ali Shah
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 9781860641695
  • Category: History
  • Page: 267
  • View: 4748
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Arguing that Pakistan's foreign policy is formulated and driven largely by domestic policies, and especially by ethnicity, this work looks at the multi-ethnic and multilingual structure of Pakistan and at the four main provinces - Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab and the North-West Frontier Province. The author sets out to show how powerful cross-border relationships and distinct historical, linguistic, cultural and family links determine the way in the which the country's ethnic groups see their region and the world at large. He believes that it is the ethnicity of the various policy-making elites which affects the principal issues in Pakistani foreign policy - the relationship with India, nuclear policy, and Kashmir as a flashpoint in Indo-Pakistan relationships, as well as relationships with Islamic states and with the USA, Russia, China and other powers.

The New Foreign Policy Frontier

The New Foreign Policy Frontier

U.S. Interests and Actors in the Arctic

  • Author: Heather A. Conley,Mihaela David
  • Publisher: Center for Strategic & International Studies
  • ISBN: 9781442224612
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 100
  • View: 836
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Since World War II, the Arctic has been a region of geostrategic importance to the United States. As unprecedented environmental transformation occurs in the Arctic, this region will increase in significance. When historians look back at this critical opportunity to develop U.S. Arctic policy, we do not want the question to be posed, “Who lost the Arctic?” but rather, “How did the United States win the Arctic?” Crafting U.S. policy toward the Arctic, however, is a complex and challenging undertaking. Arctic policy must respond to the economic, environmental, security, and geopolitical concerns that confront the region. When the Barack Obama administration came into office in January 2009, it accepted and left unchanged the recently adopted Arctic strategy of the George W. Bush administration. In its second term, it is now time for the Obama administration to enhance U.S. Arctic policy by updating and prioritizing National Security Presidential Directive 66/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 25 (NSPD-66/HSPD-25), improving interagency cooperation, enhancing U.S. international and public diplomacy related to the Arctic, and increasing the focus of senior U.S. officials. These activities must begin now if the United States is to prepare for and fully maximize its chairmanship of the Arctic Council beginning in 2015.

Indian Foreign Policy and the Border Dispute with China

Indian Foreign Policy and the Border Dispute with China

  • Author: Willem Frederik Eekelen,Willem Frederik van Eekelen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9401765553
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 7062
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The Tribes on My Frontier

The Tribes on My Frontier

An Indian Naturalist's Foreign Policy

  • Author: Edward Hamilton Aitken
  • Publisher: Kessinger Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781417959518
  • Category: History
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6733
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This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

Asian Frontier Nationalism

Asian Frontier Nationalism

Owen Lattimore and the American Policy Debate

  • Author: James Cotton
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • ISBN: 9780719025853
  • Category: Asia
  • Page: 181
  • View: 7757
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Harmonious World and China's New Foreign Policy

Harmonious World and China's New Foreign Policy

  • Author: Sujian Guo,Jean-Marc F. Blanchard
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739126040
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 5609
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The concept of 'harmonious world' has become the basis for the new principles and goals of Chinese foreign policy under the fourth generation leadership. The question remains, however, about the exact meanings of these principles and slogans, and their implications for Chinese foreign policy. This is the first edited volume that attempts to address this significant question, and its insightful contributions elucidates new dimensions of Chinese foreign policy and their implications for China's relations with the world.

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past

  • Author: Robert Legvold
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231512176
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 864
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Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.

Der Aufstieg der Anderen

Der Aufstieg der Anderen

das postamerikanische Zeitalter

  • Author: Fareed Zakaria
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783886809172
  • Category: East and West
  • Page: 303
  • View: 2046
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Der Verfasser erklärt in seinem Buch, warum wir am Beginn eines neuen, postamerikanischen Zeitalters stehen und dennoch auf eine starke Rolle der USA unter ihrem neuen Präsidenten Barack Obama angewiesen sind.

British Foreign Policy Under Sir Edward Grey

British Foreign Policy Under Sir Edward Grey

  • Author: Francis Harry Hinsley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521213479
  • Category: Great Britain
  • Page: 702
  • View: 3428
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Until 1970 it would have been premature to attempt a comprehensive and impartial account of British foreign policy from 1905 to 1916, during the secretaryship of Sir Edward Grey. Apart from the difficulty of passing judgement on matters that were still controversial, the confidential archives of the British government for the years after 1905 did not begin to become available until the 1950s. By 1970, however, scholars had thoroughly digested the contents of these voluminous records up to 1916, and a statement of their findings was even overdue. In this volume many of the British historians who have been in the forefront of the research report on their work. They establish the facts about a period which saw fundamental changes in Great Britain's position in the world, and offer assessments of the British government's contribution to such important developments as the evolution of the Anglo-French Entente, Anglo-German rivalry before 1914, the outbreak of the first World War and the origin of the League of Nations.

Leben 3.0

Leben 3.0

Mensch sein im Zeitalter Künstlicher Intelligenz

  • Author: Max Tegmark
  • Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
  • ISBN: 3843716706
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 8355
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Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

A Theory of Foreign Policy

A Theory of Foreign Policy

  • Author: Glenn Palmer,T. Clifton Morgan
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691146551
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 5974
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A state's ability to do so is largely a function of its relative capability, and since national capability is finite, a state must make tradeoffs between policies designed to achieve change or maintenance."--Jacket.