Search Results for "from-special-relativity-to-feynman-diagrams-a-course-of-theoretical-particle-physics-for-beginners-unitext"

From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams

From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams

A Course in Theoretical Particle Physics for Beginners

  • Author: Riccardo D'Auria,Mario Trigiante
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319220144
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 601
  • View: 1091
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book, now in its second edition, provides an introductory course on theoretical particle physics with the aim of filling the gap that exists between basic courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. After a concise but comprehensive introduction to special relativity, key aspects of relativistic dynamics are covered and some elementary concepts of general relativity introduced. Basics of the theory of groups and Lie algebras are explained, with discussion of the group of rotations and the Lorentz and Poincaré groups. In addition, a concise account of representation theory and of tensor calculus is provided. Quantization of the electromagnetic field in the radiation range is fully discussed. The essentials of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms are reviewed, proceeding from systems with a finite number of degrees of freedom and extending the discussion to fields. The final four chapters are devoted to development of the quantum field theory, ultimately introducing the graphical description of interaction processes by means of Feynman diagrams. The book will be of value for students seeking to understand the main concepts that form the basis of contemporary theoretical particle physics and also for engineers and lecturers. An Appendix on some special relativity effects is added.

Concepts in Quantum Field Theory

Concepts in Quantum Field Theory

A Practitioner's Toolkit

  • Author: Victor Ilisie
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319229664
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 190
  • View: 3010
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book uses less strict yet still formal mathematical language to clarify a variety of concepts in Quantum Field Theory that remain somewhat “fuzzy” in many books designed for undergraduates and fresh graduates. The aim is not to replace formal books on Quantum Field Theory, but rather to offer a helpful complementary tool for beginners in the field. Features include a reader-friendly introduction to tensor calculus and the concept of manifolds; a simple and robust treatment for dimensional regularization; a consistent explanation of the renormalization procedure, step by step and in a transparent manner at all orders, using the QED Lagrangian; and extensive treatment of infrared as well as ultraviolet divergences. The most general (Lorentz invariant) form of Noether's theorem is presented and applied to a few simple yet relevant examples in Quantum Field Theory. These and further interesting topics are addressed in a way that will be accessible for the target readership. Some familiarity with basic notions of Quantum Field Theory and the basics of Special Relativity is assumed.

A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics, Third Edition

A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics, Third Edition

  • Author: Ian D. Lawrie
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1439884463
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 711
  • View: 4471
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics invites its readers to a guided exploration of the theoretical ideas that shape our contemporary understanding of the physical world at the fundamental level. Its central themes, comprising space-time geometry and the general relativistic account of gravity, quantum field theory and the gauge theories of fundamental forces, and statistical mechanics and the theory of phase transitions, are developed in explicit mathematical detail, with an emphasis on conceptual understanding. Straightforward treatments of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology are supplemented with introductory accounts of more speculative theories, including supersymmetry and string theory. This third edition of the Tour includes a new chapter on quantum gravity, focusing on the approach known as Loop Quantum Gravity, while new sections provide extended discussions of topics that have become prominent in recent years, such as the Higgs boson, massive neutrinos, cosmological perturbations, dark energy and matter, and the thermodynamics of black holes. Designed for those in search of a solid grasp of the inner workings of these theories, but who prefer to avoid a full-scale assault on the research literature, the Tour assumes as its point of departure a familiarity with basic undergraduate-level physics, and emphasizes the interconnections between aspects of physics that are more often treated in isolation. The companion website at www.unifiedgrandtours.org provides further resources, including a comprehensive manual of solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises.

Numerical Relativity

Numerical Relativity

Solving Einstein's Equations on the Computer

  • Author: Thomas W. Baumgarte,Stuart L. Shapiro
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139643177
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2344
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Aimed at students and researchers entering the field, this pedagogical introduction to numerical relativity will also interest scientists seeking a broad survey of its challenges and achievements. Assuming only a basic knowledge of classical general relativity, the book develops the mathematical formalism from first principles, and then highlights some of the pioneering simulations involving black holes and neutron stars, gravitational collapse and gravitational waves. The book contains 300 exercises to help readers master new material as it is presented. Numerous illustrations, many in color, assist in visualizing new geometric concepts and highlighting the results of computer simulations. Summary boxes encapsulate some of the most important results for quick reference. Applications covered include calculations of coalescing binary black holes and binary neutron stars, rotating stars, colliding star clusters, gravitational and magnetorotational collapse, critical phenomena, the generation of gravitational waves, and other topics of current physical and astrophysical significance.

Modern Particle Physics

Modern Particle Physics

  • Author: Mark Thomson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107292549
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 570
  • View: 2274
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Unique in its coverage of all aspects of modern particle physics, this textbook provides a clear connection between the theory and recent experimental results, including the discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN. It provides a comprehensive and self-contained description of the Standard Model of particle physics suitable for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students studying experimental particle physics. Physical theory is introduced in a straightforward manner with full mathematical derivations throughout. Fully-worked examples enable students to link the mathematical theory to results from modern particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter exercises, graded by difficulty, provide students with a deeper understanding of the subject. Online resources available at www.cambridge.org/MPP feature password-protected fully-worked solutions to problems for instructors, numerical solutions and hints to the problems for students and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the book.

Code

Code

The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software

  • Author: Charles Petzold
  • Publisher: Microsoft Press
  • ISBN: 0735638721
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 400
  • View: 7001
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What do flashlights, the British invasion, black cats, and seesaws have to do with computers? In CODE, they show us the ingenious ways we manipulate language and invent new means of communicating with each other. And through CODE, we see how this ingenuity and our very human compulsion to communicate have driven the technological innovations of the past two centuries. Using everyday objects and familiar language systems such as Braille and Morse code, author Charles Petzold weaves an illuminating narrative for anyone who’s ever wondered about the secret inner life of computers and other smart machines. It’s a cleverly illustrated and eminently comprehensible story—and along the way, you’ll discover you’ve gained a real context for understanding today’s world of PCs, digital media, and the Internet. No matter what your level of technical savvy, CODE will charm you—and perhaps even awaken the technophile within.

A Survey of Computational Physics

A Survey of Computational Physics

Introductory Computational Science

  • Author: Rubin H. Landau,José Páez,Cristian C. Bordeianu
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400841186
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 688
  • View: 1566
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Computational physics is a rapidly growing subfield of computational science, in large part because computers can solve previously intractable problems or simulate natural processes that do not have analytic solutions. The next step beyond Landau's First Course in Scientific Computing and a follow-up to Landau and Páez's Computational Physics, this text presents a broad survey of key topics in computational physics for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, including new discussions of visualization tools, wavelet analysis, molecular dynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. By treating science, applied mathematics, and computer science together, the book reveals how this knowledge base can be applied to a wider range of real-world problems than computational physics texts normally address. Designed for a one- or two-semester course, A Survey of Computational Physics will also interest anyone who wants a reference on or practical experience in the basics of computational physics. Accessible to advanced undergraduates Real-world problem-solving approach Java codes and applets integrated with text Companion Web site includes videos of lectures

Computational Physics

Computational Physics

Problem Solving with Python

  • Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel J. Páez,Cristian C. Bordeianu
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527413154
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 644
  • View: 9873
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose). The text could be used for a one-semester course on scientific computing. The relevant topics for that are covered in the first third of the book. The latter two-thirds of the text includes more physics and can be used for a two-semester course in computational physics, covering nonlinear ODEs, Chaotic Scattering, Fourier Analysis, Wavelet Analysis, Nonlinear Maps, Chaotic systems, Fractals and Parallel Computing. The e-book extends the paper version by including many codes, visualizations and applets, as well as links to video lectures. * A table at the beginning of each chapter indicates video lectures, slides, applets and animations. * Applets illustrate the results to be expected for projects in the book, and to help understand some abstract concepts (e.g. Chaotic Scattering) * The eBook's figures, equations, sections, chapters, index, table of contents, code listings, glossary, animations and executable codes (both Applets and Python programs) are linked, much like in a Web document. * Some equations are linked to their xml forms (which can be imported into Maple or Mathematica for manipulation). * The e-book will link to video-based lecture modules, held by principal author Professor Rubin Landau, that cover most every topic in the book.

QED

QED

The Strange Theory of Light and Matter

  • Author: Richard P. Feynman
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140084746X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 8195
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Celebrated for his brilliantly quirky insights into the physical world, Nobel laureate Richard Feynman also possessed an extraordinary talent for explaining difficult concepts to the general public. Here Feynman provides a classic and definitive introduction to QED (namely, quantum electrodynamics), that part of quantum field theory describing the interactions of light with charged particles. Using everyday language, spatial concepts, visualizations, and his renowned "Feynman diagrams" instead of advanced mathematics, Feynman clearly and humorously communicates both the substance and spirit of QED to the layperson. A. Zee's introduction places Feynman’s book and his seminal contribution to QED in historical context and further highlights Feynman’s uniquely appealing and illuminating style.

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems

  • Author: Cosimo Bambi,Alexandre D. Dolgov
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662480786
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 251
  • View: 4664
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.

Next Generation Databases

Next Generation Databases

NoSQLand Big Data

  • Author: Guy Harrison
  • Publisher: Apress
  • ISBN: 1484213297
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 235
  • View: 7130
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"It’s not easy to find such a generous book on big data and databases. Fortunately, this book is the one." Feng Yu. Computing Reviews. June 28, 2016. This is a book for enterprise architects, database administrators, and developers who need to understand the latest developments in database technologies. It is the book to help you choose the correct database technology at a time when concepts such as Big Data, NoSQL and NewSQL are making what used to be an easy choice into a complex decision with significant implications. The relational database (RDBMS) model completely dominated database technology for over 20 years. Today this "one size fits all" stability has been disrupted by a relatively recent explosion of new database technologies. These paradigm-busting technologies are powering the "Big Data" and "NoSQL" revolutions, as well as forcing fundamental changes in databases across the board. Deciding to use a relational database was once truly a no-brainer, and the various commercial relational databases competed on price, performance, reliability, and ease of use rather than on fundamental architectures. Today we are faced with choices between radically different database technologies. Choosing the right database today is a complex undertaking, with serious economic and technological consequences. Next Generation Databases demystifies today’s new database technologies. The book describes what each technology was designed to solve. It shows how each technology can be used to solve real word application and business problems. Most importantly, this book highlights the architectural differences between technologies that are the critical factors to consider when choosing a database platform for new and upcoming projects. Introduces the new technologies that have revolutionized the database landscape Describes how each technology can be used to solve specific application or business challenges Reviews the most popular new wave databases and how they use these new database technologies

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

Basic Science and Emerging Technologies

  • Author: Mick Wilson,Kamali Kannangara,Geoff Smith,Michelle Simmons,Burkhard Raguse
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420035230
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 290
  • View: 2635
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The emergence of nanoscience portends a revolution in technology that will soon impact virtually every facet of our technological lives. Yet there is little understanding of what it is among the educated public and often among scientists and engineers in other disciplines. Furthermore, despite the emergence of undergraduate courses on the subject, no basic textbooks exist. Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies bridges the gap between detailed technical publications that are beyond the grasp of nonspecialists and popular science books, which may be more science fiction than fact. It provides a fascinating, scientifically sound treatment, accessible to engineers and scientists outside the field and even to students at the undergraduate level. After a basic introduction to the field, the authors explore topics that include molecular nanotechnology, nanomaterials and nanopowders, nanoelectronics, optics and photonics, and nanobiometrics. The book concludes with a look at some cutting-edge applications and prophecies for the future. Nanoscience will bring to the world technologies that today we can only imagine and others of which we have not yet dreamt. This book lays the groundwork for that future by introducing the subject to those outside the field, sparking the imaginations of tomorrow's scientists, and challenging them all to participate in the advances that will bring nanotechnology's potential to fruition.

Bayesian Networks and Decision Graphs

Bayesian Networks and Decision Graphs

  • Author: Thomas Dyhre Nielsen,FINN VERNER JENSEN
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387682815
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 9587
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a brand new edition of an essential work on Bayesian networks and decision graphs. It is an introduction to probabilistic graphical models including Bayesian networks and influence diagrams. The reader is guided through the two types of frameworks with examples and exercises, which also give instruction on how to build these models. Structured in two parts, the first section focuses on probabilistic graphical models, while the second part deals with decision graphs, and in addition to the frameworks described in the previous edition, it also introduces Markov decision process and partially ordered decision problems.

Selected Exercises in Particle and Nuclear Physics

Selected Exercises in Particle and Nuclear Physics

  • Author: Lorenzo Bianchini
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331970494X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 9237
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents more than 300 exercises, with guided solutions, on topics that span both the experimental and the theoretical aspects of particle physics. The exercises are organized by subject, covering kinematics, interactions of particles with matter, particle detectors, hadrons and resonances, electroweak interactions and flavor physics, statistics and data analysis, and accelerators and beam dynamics. Some 200 of the exercises, including 50 in multiple-choice format, derive from exams set by the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Research (INFN) over the past decade to select its scientific staff of experimental researchers. The remainder comprise problems taken from the undergraduate classes at ETH Zurich or inspired by classic textbooks. Whenever appropriate, in-depth information is provided on the source of the problem, and readers will also benefit from the inclusion of bibliographic details and short dissertations on particular topics. This book is an ideal complement to textbooks on experimental and theoretical particle physics and will enable students to evaluate their knowledge and preparedness for exams.

Synchronization

Synchronization

From Simple to Complex

  • Author: Alexander Balanov,Natalia Janson,Dmitry Postnov,Olga Sosnovtseva
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540721282
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 426
  • View: 9363
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This fascinating work is devoted to the fundamental phenomenon in physics – synchronization that occurs in coupled non-linear dissipative oscillators. Examples of such systems range from mechanical clocks to population dynamics, from the human heart to neural networks. The main purpose of this book is to demonstrate that the complexity of synchronous patterns of real oscillating systems can be described in the framework of the general approach, and the authors study this phenomenon as applied to oscillations of different types, such as those with periodic, chaotic, noisy and noise-induced nature.

Advances in Communication, Network, and Computing

Advances in Communication, Network, and Computing

Third International Conference, CNC 2012, Chennai, India, February 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers

  • Author: Vinu Das,Janahanlal Stephen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 364235615X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 459
  • View: 3440
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Communication, Network, and Computing, CNC 2012, held in Chennai, India, February 24-25, 2012. The 41 revised full papers presented together with 29 short papers and 14 poster papers were carefully selected and reviewed from 425 submissions. The papers cover a wide spectrum of issues in the field of Information Technology, Networks, Computational Engineering, Computer and Telecommunication Technology, ranging from theoretical and methodological issues to advanced applications.

Non-Linear Dynamics Near and Far from Equilibrium

Non-Linear Dynamics Near and Far from Equilibrium

  • Author: J.K. Bhattacharjee,S. Bhattacharyya
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402053887
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5498
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This text gives a detailed account of various techniques that are used in the study of dynamics of continuous systems, near as well as far from equilibrium. The analytic methods covered include diagrammatic perturbation theory, various forms of the renormalization group, and self-consistent mode coupling.

Classical Econophysics

Classical Econophysics

  • Author: Allin F. Cottrell,Paul Cockshott,Gregory John Michaelson,Ian P. Wright,Victor Yakovenko
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134020759
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1911
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This monograph examines the domain of classical political economy using the methodologies developed in recent years both by the new discipline of econo-physics and by computing science. This approach is used to re-examine the classical subdivisions of political economy: production, exchange, distribution and finance. The book begins by examining the most basic feature of economic life – production – and asks what it is about physical laws that allows production to take place. How is it that human labour is able to modify the world? It looks at the role that information has played in the process of mass production and the extent to which human labour still remains a key resource. The Ricardian labour theory of value is re-examined in the light of econophysics, presenting agent based models in which the Ricardian theory of value appears as an emergent property. The authors present models giving rise to the class distribution of income, and the long term evolution of profit rates in market economies. Money is analysed using tools drawn both from computer science and the recent Chartalist school of financial theory. Covering a combination of techniques drawn from three areas, classical political economy, theoretical computer science and econophysics, to produce models that deepen our understanding of economic reality, this new title will be of interest to higher level doctoral and research students, as well as scientists working in the field of econophysics.

Quantum Field Theory and Condensed Matter

Quantum Field Theory and Condensed Matter

An Introduction

  • Author: Ramamurti Shankar
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108363989
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6291
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Providing a broad review of many techniques and their application to condensed matter systems, this book begins with a review of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, before moving onto real and imaginary time path integrals and the link between Euclidean quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. A detailed study of the Ising, gauge-Ising and XY models is included. The renormalization group is developed and applied to critical phenomena, Fermi liquid theory and the renormalization of field theories. Next, the book explores bosonization and its applications to one-dimensional fermionic systems and the correlation functions of homogeneous and random-bond Ising models. It concludes with Bohm–Pines and Chern–Simons theories applied to the quantum Hall effect. Introducing the reader to a variety of techniques, it opens up vast areas of condensed matter theory for both graduate students and researchers in theoretical, statistical and condensed matter physics.

A Primer Of Special Relativity

A Primer Of Special Relativity

  • Author: P.L. Sardesai
  • Publisher: New Age International
  • ISBN: 8122415202
  • Category: Special relativity (Physics)
  • Page: 192
  • View: 7418
DOWNLOAD NOW »
`A Primer Of Special Relativity1 Is An Unusually Lucid Introduction To The Subject Specifically Written For Indian Students. It Is Intended To Give The Beginner A Firm Grounding For A More Advanced Course In Relativity.An Entire Chapter Is Devoted To Applications Of The Theory To Elucidate A Large Number Of Topics The Students (B.Sc. Physics) Come Across In Modern Physics.Detailed And Well-Selected Examples Are Used To Illuminate Aspects Of The Theory As Well As To Show Techniques Of Application. A Large Number Of Illustrative Examples Enables The Students To Gain Confidence To Solve Any Problem In Relativity Normally Expected Of B.Sc. Students.The Book Meets The Complete Requirements Of A Textbook For B.Sc. General And Honours Courses In Special Theory Of Relativity Recommended By The U.G.C.Existing Syllabi In A Number Of Our Universities Have Been Taken Into Account In Planning The Book. The Structure Of The Book Permits A Lot Of Flexibility. The Book Can Therefore Be Used As A Text For A Number Of Existing Courses (With Different Allotted Periods) Presently Prevalent In Many Indian Universities.