Search Results for "from-weather-observations-to-atmospheric-and-climate-sciences-in-switzerland"

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland

Celebrating 100 years of the Swiss Society for Meteorology

  • Author: Saskia Willemse,Markus Furger
  • Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
  • ISBN: 3728137456
  • Category: Meteorology
  • Page: 456
  • View: 2692
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In 2016 the Swiss Society for Meteorology (Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, SGM) celebrates its 100th anniversary. Compared to other meteorological societies it is not among the oldest ones. Nevertheless, meteorology has gone through such a remarkable evolution in the past 100 years that it is worthwhile to take a look back and recapitulate the developments of both science and SGM – and to reveal their interaction. The idea of this book is to give an overview of what has happened in the field of atmospheric sciences in Switzerland since the first systematic long-term meteorological observations until today.

Der Ozean im Gebirge

Der Ozean im Gebirge

Eine geologische Zeitreise durch die Schweiz

  • Author: Helmut Weissert,Iwan Stössel
  • Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
  • ISBN: 3728136069
  • Category:
  • Page: 200
  • View: 4471
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Dieses Buch nimmt Sie mit auf eine geologische Zeitreise durch die Schweiz. Erkennen Sie die Zusammenhänge zwischen Plattentektonik und Gebirgsbildung am Beispiel der Alpen und des Juras. Erfahren Sie, wie Sedimentgesteine als Archive zur Geschichte eines vergangenen Ozeans sowie zur Entstehung eines Gebirges dienen. Das Buch hilft bei der Suche nach Spuren der Ozeangeschichte in der Landschaft Schweiz, es sensibilisiert für Zeichen von Plattenkollisionen und gibt Hinweise auf vergangene Vergletscherungen. Am Beispiel der geologischen Analyse einer Landschaft werden auch Arbeitsmethoden der Geologie vermitt elt. Nicht zuletzt ist auch der Mensch ein geologischer Faktor: Durch den Abbau von Salz, Kohle oder Kies, die Wassernutzung oder auch die Lagerung radioakti ver Abfälle greift er immer wieder in natürliche Stoffk reisläufe ein und besti mmt so die Geschichte der geologischen Entwicklungen mit. Die dritte Auflage enthält neu ein Kapitel mit Cartoons von Mike van Audenhove: «Alpen by Mike».

Cultures of Prediction in Atmospheric and Climate Science

Cultures of Prediction in Atmospheric and Climate Science

Epistemic and Cultural Shifts in Computer-based Modelling and Simulation

  • Author: Matthias Heymann,Gabriele Gramelsberger,Martin Mahony
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315406292
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5678
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In recent decades, science has experienced a revolutionary shift. The development and extensive application of computer modelling and simulation has transformed the knowledge‐making practices of scientific fields as diverse as astro‐physics, genetics, robotics and demography. This epistemic transformation has brought with it a simultaneous heightening of political relevance and a renewal of international policy agendas, raising crucial questions about the nature and application of simulation knowledges throughout public policy. Through a diverse range of case studies, spanning over a century of theoretical and practical developments in the atmospheric and environmental sciences, this book argues that computer modelling and simulation have substantially changed scientific and cultural practices and shaped the emergence of novel ‘cultures of prediction’. Making an innovative, interdisciplinary contribution to understanding the impact of computer modelling on research practice, institutional configurations and broader cultures, this volume will be essential reading for anyone interested in the past, present and future of climate change and the environmental sciences.

Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks

Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks

A European Perspective

  • Author: Heinz Wanner,Martin Grosjean,Regine Röthlisberger,Elena Xoplaki
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402057148
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 162
  • View: 8842
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This book provides an integrated assessment of issues related to climate variability and change, predictability and risks. It details both the technical aspects of variability and abrupt climate change and the agricultural and economical impacts and consequences.

Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD

Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD

  • Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309169453
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 97
  • View: 3351
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Weather radar is a vital instrument for observing the atmosphere to help provide weather forecasts and issue weather warnings to the public. The current Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) system provides Doppler radar coverage to most regions of the United States (NRC, 1995). This network was designed in the mid 1980s and deployed in the 1990s as part of the National Weather Service (NWS) modernization (NRC, 1999). Since the initial design phase of the NEXRAD program, considerable advances have been made in radar technologies and in the use of weather radar for monitoring and prediction. The development of new technologies provides the motivation for appraising the status of the current weather radar system and identifying the most promising approaches for the development of its eventual replacement. The charge to the committee was to determine the state of knowledge regarding ground-based weather surveillance radar technology and identify the most promising approaches for the design of the replacement for the present Doppler Weather Radar. This report presents a first look at potential approaches for future upgrades to or replacements of the current weather radar system. The need, and schedule, for replacing the current system has not been established, but the committee used the briefings and deliberations to assess how the current system satisfies the current and emerging needs of the operational and research communities and identified potential system upgrades for providing improved weather forecasts and warnings. The time scale for any total replacement of the system (20- to 30-year time horizon) precluded detailed investigation of the designs and cost structures associated with any new weather radar system. The committee instead noted technologies that could provide improvements over the capabilities of the evolving NEXRAD system and recommends more detailed investigation and evaluation of several of these technologies. In the course of its deliberations, the committee developed a sense that the processes by which the eventual replacement radar system is developed and deployed could be as significant as the specific technologies adopted. Consequently, some of the committee's recommendations deal with such procedural issues.

BodenSchätzeWerte

BodenSchätzeWerte

Unser Umgang mit Rohstoffen

  • Author: Ulrike Kastrup,Bettina Gutbrodt,Gillian Grün,Andrea Dähler,Martine Vernooij,Iris Thurnherr
  • Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
  • ISBN: 3728138088
  • Category:
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6631
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Kupfer für Stromkabel, Erdöl zum Heizen, Silber für Schmuck und Zink im Auto – mineralische Rohstoffe sind in unserem Alltag allgegenwärtig. Schon früh haben die Menschen mineralische Rohstoffe genutzt. Kenntnisse über Vorkommen und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten haben von jeher einen Vorteil bedeutet und oft Reichtum und Macht gefördert. Und auch heute sind Rohstoffe für viele Länder ein wichtiger Wirtschaftsfaktor. Die Verfügbarkeit von Rohstoffen ist für uns selbstverständlich und der weltweite Verbrauch nimmt stetig zu. Was sind die Folgen unserer zunehmenden Nutzung dieser nicht erneuerbaren Ressourcen? Welche Herausforderungen kommen auf uns zu? Die vorliegende Publikation gibt einen Einblick in die Vielseitigkeit mineralischer Rohstoffe. Die Thematik wird aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln beleuchtet: Geologie und Umwelt, Technologie, Ökonomie, Soziologie und staatliche Regulierungsmechanismen. Dabei werden die Komplexität und grossen Herausforderungen deutlich, mögliche Lösungsansätze werden vorgestellt. Denn viele Ideen für einen nachhaltigen Umgang mit unseren Rohstoffen sind in der Gesellschaft bereits angedacht und umgesetzt, aber es gibt immer noch Spielraum nach oben. Und wir alle sind aufgerufen, diesen Spielraum mitzugestalten. focusTerra ist das erdwissenschaftliche Forschungs- und Informationszentrum der ETH Zürich. Mit seinen spannenden Ausstellungen und Aktivitäten zu Themen rund um die Erde begeistert es seit vielen Jahren Experten und Laien jeden Alters.

Mathematical Paradigms of Climate Science

Mathematical Paradigms of Climate Science

  • Author: Fabio Ancona,Piermarco Cannarsa,Christopher Jones,Alessandro Portaluri
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319390929
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6400
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This book, featuring a truly interdisciplinary approach, provides an overview of cutting-edge mathematical theories and techniques that promise to play a central role in climate science. It brings together some of the most interesting overview lectures given by the invited speakers at an important workshop held in Rome in 2013 as a part of MPE2013 (“Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013”). The aim of the workshop was to foster the interaction between climate scientists and mathematicians active in various fields linked to climate sciences, such as dynamical systems, partial differential equations, control theory, stochastic systems, and numerical analysis. Mathematics and statistics already play a central role in this area. Likewise, computer science must have a say in the efforts to simulate the Earth’s environment on the unprecedented scale of petabytes. In the context of such complexity, new mathematical tools are needed to organize and simplify the approach. The growing importance of data assimilation techniques for climate modeling is amply illustrated in this volume, which also identifies important future challenges.

Perspectives on Atmospheric Sciences

Perspectives on Atmospheric Sciences

  • Author: Theodore Karacostas,Alkiviadis Bais,Panagiotis T. Nastos
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319350951
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1259
  • View: 9684
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This book provides the proceedings of the 13th International Conference of Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics (COMECAP 2016) that is held in Thessaloniki from 19 to 21 September 2016. The Conference addresses fields of interest for researchers, professionals and students related to the following topics: Agricultural Meteorology and Climatology, Air Quality (Indoor and Outdoor), Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Applications of Meteorology in the Energy sector, Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry, Atmospheric Radiation, Atmospheric Boundary layer, Biometeorology and Bioclimatology, Climate Dynamics, Climatic Changes, Cloud Physics, Dynamic and Synoptic Μeteorology, Extreme Events, Hydrology and Hydrometeorology, Mesoscale Meteorology, Micrometeorology-Urban Microclimate, Remote Sensing- Satellite Meteorology and Climatology, Weather Analysis and Forecasting. The book includes all papers that have been accepted after peer review for presentation in the conference.

Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution

Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution

  • Author: Yang Liu,Jun Wang,Omar Torres
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • ISBN: 3038426407
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 624
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution" that was published in Remote Sensing

Wetternachhersage

Wetternachhersage

500 Jahre Klimavariationen und Naturkatastrophen (1496-1995)

  • Author: Christian Pfister
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 437
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Lectures Presented at the ... Session of the WMO Executive Council

Lectures Presented at the ... Session of the WMO Executive Council

  • Author: World Meteorological Organization. Executive Council
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9789263008220
  • Category: Meteorology
  • Page: 31
  • View: 3146
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Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations

Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations

  • Author: Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306481499
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 346
  • View: 1276
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1 2 Michel M. VERSTRAETE and Martin BENISTON 1 Space Applications Institute, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy 2 Department of Geography, University of Fribourg, Switzerland This volume contains the proceedings ofthe workshop entitled “Satellite Remote Sensing and Climate Simulations: Synergies and Limitations” that took place in Les Diablerets, Switzerland, September 20–24, 1999. This international scientific conference aimed at addressing the current and pot- tial role of satellite remote sensing in climate modeling, with a particular focus on land surface processes and atmospheric aerosol characterization. Global and regional circulation models incorporate our knowledge ofthe dynamics ofthe Earth's atmosphere. They are used to predict the evolution of the weather and climate. Mathematically, this system is represented by a set ofpartial differential equations whose solution requires initial and bo- dary conditions. Limitations in the accuracy and geographical distribution of these constraints, and intrinsic mathematical sensitivity to these conditions do not allow the identification of a unique solution (prediction). Additional observations on the climate system are thus used to constrain the forecasts of the mathematical model to remain close to the observed state ofthe system.

Climate Change 2013 – The Physical Science Basis

Climate Change 2013 – The Physical Science Basis

Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139917196
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1363
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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard scientific reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students and researchers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology and atmospheric chemistry. It provides invaluable material for decision makers and stakeholders: international, national, local; and in all branches: government, businesses, and NGOs. This volume provides: • An authoritative and unbiased overview of the physical science basis of climate change • A more extensive assessment of changes observed throughout the climate system than ever before • New dedicated chapters on sea-level change, biogeochemical cycles, clouds and aerosols, and regional climate phenomena • A more extensive coverage of model projections, both near-term and long-term climate projections • A detailed assessment of climate change observations, modelling, and attribution for every continent • A new comprehensive atlas of global and regional climate projections for 35 regions of the world

Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model

Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model

A Modeling Tool for the Climate Change Research Community

  • Author: Tianjun Zhou,Yongqiang Yu,Yimin Liu,Bin Wang
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642418015
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 483
  • View: 1282
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Coupled climate system models are of central importance for climate studies. A new model known as FGOALS ( the Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System model), has been developed by the Sate Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (LASG/IAP, CAS), a first-tier national geophysical laboratory. It serves as a powerful tool, both for deepening our understanding of fundamental mechanisms of the climate system and for making decadal prediction and scenario projections of future climate change. "Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model: A Modeling Tool for the Climate Change Research Community” is the first book to offer systematic evaluations of this model’s performance. It is comprehensive in scope, covering both developmental and application-oriented aspects of this climate system model. It also provides an outlook of future development of FGOALS and offers an overview of how to employ the model. It represents a valuable reference work for researchers and professionals working within the related areas of climate variability and change. Prof. Tianjun Zhou, Yongqiang Yu, Yimin Liu and Bin Wang work at LASG, the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Izvestiya, Russian Academy of Sciences

Izvestiya, Russian Academy of Sciences

Atmospheric and oceanic physics

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Atmospheric physics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8845
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Solar Variability and Climate

Solar Variability and Climate

Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 15-19 February 1999, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: E. Friis-Christensen,Claus Fröhlich,J.D. Haigh,M. Schüssler,Rudolf von Steiger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780792367413
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 427
  • View: 9672
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Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 28 June - 2 July 1999, Bern, Switzerland

Climate Prediction and Agriculture

Climate Prediction and Agriculture

Advances and Challenges

  • Author: Mannava VK Sivakumar,James Hansen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540446508
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 1558
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Based on an International Workshop held in Geneva in 2005, this book reviews the advances made so far in seasonal climate predictions and their applications for management and decision-making in agriculture. It also identifies the challenges to be addressed in the next 5 to 10 years to further enhance operational applications of climate predictions in agriculture, especially in developing countries.

Meteorology

Meteorology

The Science of the Atmosphere (Illustrations)

  • Author: Charles Fitzhugh Talman
  • Publisher: P. F. COLLIER & SON COMPANY
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 211
  • View: 1144
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Meteorology is the science of the atmosphere and its phenomena, including weather. Nowadays, when we speak of a “meteor,” we generally mean a shooting star; but formerly this term was applied (and it still often is in technical literature) to a great variety of phenomena and appearances in the atmosphere, including clouds, rain, snow, rainbows, and so forth. That is how the science of the atmosphere came to have its present name. Meteorology is not a branch of astronomy. These two sciences are as different from each other as zoölogy is from botany. They are both founded on physics, and they “overlap” each other to some extent, just as every science does certain others; but if you want information about the atmosphere, weather and climate, an astronomical observatory is not the place to seek it; while if you wish to make inquiries about comets, sun spots, eclipses, standard time, or the date on which Easter fell in the year 1666, do not apply to the Weather Bureau. In the city of Washington the Government maintains an astronomical and timekeeping institution known as the Naval Observatory, and it maintains in the same city the central office of the United States Weather Bureau. The two establishments are a mile apart in space and nearly a whole library apart in the subjects with which they are concerned. The fact that their functions are persistently confounded by the public indicates the necessity of writing this preface to a popular book on meteorology.

Comments on Catalyzing U.S. World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Activities

Comments on Catalyzing U.S. World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Activities

  • Author: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources,Climate Research Committee,National Research Council
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309074045
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 32
  • View: 5261
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The purpose of this letter report is to state the findings and recommendations of the Climate Research Committee's (CRC) brief review of the U.S. contributions to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The primary objectives of the review were to: (1) assess the coordination (national-international and project-to-project) of the U.S. scientific contributions to the WCRP; (2) identify potential science gaps and/or redundancies in the U.S. contributions to the WCRP, and; (3) identify existing or emerging issues and needs that might require more in-depth attention. Due to the limited time available for this review, the CRC focused on the first of these objectives.