Search Results for "from-weather-observations-to-atmospheric-and-climate-sciences-in-switzerland"

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland

From weather observations to atmospheric and climate sciences in Switzerland

Celebrating 100 years of the Swiss Society for Meteorology

  • Author: Saskia Willemse,Markus Furger
  • Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
  • ISBN: 3728137456
  • Category: Meteorology
  • Page: 456
  • View: 9236
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In 2016 the Swiss Society for Meteorology (Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, SGM) celebrates its 100th anniversary. Compared to other meteorological societies it is not among the oldest ones. Nevertheless, meteorology has gone through such a remarkable evolution in the past 100 years that it is worthwhile to take a look back and recapitulate the developments of both science and SGM – and to reveal their interaction. The idea of this book is to give an overview of what has happened in the field of atmospheric sciences in Switzerland since the first systematic long-term meteorological observations until today.

Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks

Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks

A European Perspective

  • Author: Heinz Wanner,Martin Grosjean,Regine Röthlisberger,Elena Xoplaki
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402057148
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 162
  • View: 2001
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This book provides an integrated assessment of issues related to climate variability and change, predictability and risks. It details both the technical aspects of variability and abrupt climate change and the agricultural and economical impacts and consequences.

Der Ozean im Gebirge

Der Ozean im Gebirge

eine geologische Zeitreise durch die Schweiz

  • Author: Helmut Weissert,Iwan Stössel
  • Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
  • ISBN: 3728132217
  • Category:
  • Page: 178
  • View: 4781
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S. 154-164: Das Erdbeben von Basel: Vom Juragebirge zum Rheingraben.

Assessment of the Benefits of Extending the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

Assessment of the Benefits of Extending the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

A Perspective from the Research and Operations Communities: Interim Report

  • Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on the Future of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309102820
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 116
  • View: 401
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Launched jointly in 1997 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is a satellite mission that placed a unique suite of instruments, including the first precipitation radar, in space. These instruments are used to monitor and predict tropical cyclone tracks and intensity, estimate rainfall, and monitor climate variability (precipitation and sea surface temperature). TRMM has been collecting data for seven years; this data is used by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, the National Center for Environmental Prediction, and the National Hurricane Center, among others worldwide. In July 2004, NASA announced that it would terminate TRMM in August 2004. At the request of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the White House, and the science community, NASA agreed to continue TRMM operations through the end of 2004. Meanwhile, NASA asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to provide advice on the benefits of keeping TRMM in operation beyond 2004. After holding a workshop with a number of experts in the field, the committee found that TRMM will contribute significantly to operations and science if the mission is extended; and therefore, strongly recommends continued operation of TRMM with the caveat that cost and risk will need to be further examined before a final decision about the future of TRMM can be made.

Meteorology

Meteorology

The Science of the Atmosphere (Illustrations)

  • Author: Charles Fitzhugh Talman
  • Publisher: P. F. COLLIER & SON COMPANY
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 211
  • View: 4864
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Meteorology is the science of the atmosphere and its phenomena, including weather. Nowadays, when we speak of a “meteor,” we generally mean a shooting star; but formerly this term was applied (and it still often is in technical literature) to a great variety of phenomena and appearances in the atmosphere, including clouds, rain, snow, rainbows, and so forth. That is how the science of the atmosphere came to have its present name. Meteorology is not a branch of astronomy. These two sciences are as different from each other as zoölogy is from botany. They are both founded on physics, and they “overlap” each other to some extent, just as every science does certain others; but if you want information about the atmosphere, weather and climate, an astronomical observatory is not the place to seek it; while if you wish to make inquiries about comets, sun spots, eclipses, standard time, or the date on which Easter fell in the year 1666, do not apply to the Weather Bureau. In the city of Washington the Government maintains an astronomical and timekeeping institution known as the Naval Observatory, and it maintains in the same city the central office of the United States Weather Bureau. The two establishments are a mile apart in space and nearly a whole library apart in the subjects with which they are concerned. The fact that their functions are persistently confounded by the public indicates the necessity of writing this preface to a popular book on meteorology.

Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 years

Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 years

  • Author: Stefan Brönnimann,Jürg Luterbacher,Tracy Ewen,Henry F. Diaz,Richard S. Stolarski,Urs Neu
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402067662
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 9202
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This volume provides an up to date overview of climate variability during the 20th century in the context of natural and anthropogenic variability. It compiles a number of contributions to a workshop held in Gwatt, Switzerland, in July 2006 dealing with different aspects of climate change, variability, and extremes during the past 100 years. The individual contributions cover a broad range of topics. The volume fills a gap in this exciting field of research.

Dictionary of Global Climate Change

Dictionary of Global Climate Change

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0585295735
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4750
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Climate, climate change, climate fluctuations and climatic trends are only a few of the terms used today, in not only conferences, scientific symposia and workshops, but also parliaments and in discussions throughout society. climatologists these terms may be well known; to the vast majority of people, however, they are new, and they require definition and explanation. The World Meteorological Organization inherited an interest and involvement in the studies of climate and climate change from its predecessor, the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was established in 1873. By 1929 the had set up a Commission for Climatology to deal with matters related to climate studies. When, in 1950, the World Meteorological Organization assumed the mantle of the it retained the commission which, among other responsibilities, had already recognized the need for the definition and explanation of terms used in climatology. It must also be said that much of what we now know about climate derives from the scientific and technical programmes - ordinated by and now, to a much greater extent, by In 1979, the First World Climate Conference made an assessment of the status of knowledge of climate and climate variability, and recommended the establishment of a World Climate Programme.

Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution

Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution

  • Author: Yang Liu,Jun Wang,Omar Torres
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • ISBN: 3038426407
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3136
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Pollution" that was published in Remote Sensing

Climate Change 2013 – The Physical Science Basis

Climate Change 2013 – The Physical Science Basis

Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139917196
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4524
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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard scientific reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students and researchers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology and atmospheric chemistry. It provides invaluable material for decision makers and stakeholders: international, national, local; and in all branches: government, businesses, and NGOs. This volume provides: • An authoritative and unbiased overview of the physical science basis of climate change • A more extensive assessment of changes observed throughout the climate system than ever before • New dedicated chapters on sea-level change, biogeochemical cycles, clouds and aerosols, and regional climate phenomena • A more extensive coverage of model projections, both near-term and long-term climate projections • A detailed assessment of climate change observations, modelling, and attribution for every continent • A new comprehensive atlas of global and regional climate projections for 35 regions of the world

Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD

Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD

  • Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309169453
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 97
  • View: 4849
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Weather radar is a vital instrument for observing the atmosphere to help provide weather forecasts and issue weather warnings to the public. The current Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) system provides Doppler radar coverage to most regions of the United States (NRC, 1995). This network was designed in the mid 1980s and deployed in the 1990s as part of the National Weather Service (NWS) modernization (NRC, 1999). Since the initial design phase of the NEXRAD program, considerable advances have been made in radar technologies and in the use of weather radar for monitoring and prediction. The development of new technologies provides the motivation for appraising the status of the current weather radar system and identifying the most promising approaches for the development of its eventual replacement. The charge to the committee was to determine the state of knowledge regarding ground-based weather surveillance radar technology and identify the most promising approaches for the design of the replacement for the present Doppler Weather Radar. This report presents a first look at potential approaches for future upgrades to or replacements of the current weather radar system. The need, and schedule, for replacing the current system has not been established, but the committee used the briefings and deliberations to assess how the current system satisfies the current and emerging needs of the operational and research communities and identified potential system upgrades for providing improved weather forecasts and warnings. The time scale for any total replacement of the system (20- to 30-year time horizon) precluded detailed investigation of the designs and cost structures associated with any new weather radar system. The committee instead noted technologies that could provide improvements over the capabilities of the evolving NEXRAD system and recommends more detailed investigation and evaluation of several of these technologies. In the course of its deliberations, the committee developed a sense that the processes by which the eventual replacement radar system is developed and deployed could be as significant as the specific technologies adopted. Consequently, some of the committee's recommendations deal with such procedural issues.

Climatic Change and Its Impacts

Climatic Change and Its Impacts

An Overview Focusing on Switzerland

  • Author: Martin Beniston
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402023453
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1061
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Climatic Change is a rapidly evolving domain that has prompted the publication of numerous scientific works in recent years, reflecting both the public and scientific interest in the topic. This book focuses upon climate processes, variability and change and applies the general principles related to these issues, particularly in Switzerland. Although a small country, Switzerland is characterized by complex topography where climatic processes are often enhanced due to the presence of the Alps. In addition, there is a remarkable density of observational data in both the natural and social sciences that enable a comprehensive assessment of climate processes, their long-term trends and their impacts. This book draws upon recent scientific work by the author, as well as by close colleagues working within scientific networks both in Switzerland and Europe, in order to provide the reader with up-to-date information on climate processes in the course of the 20th and 21st centuries. This book is intended for students from the undergraduate level onwards and researchers interested in climate issues specific to the alpine region.

Climate Prediction and Agriculture

Climate Prediction and Agriculture

Advances and Challenges

  • Author: Mannava VK Sivakumar,James Hansen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540446508
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 4505
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Based on an International Workshop held in Geneva in 2005, this book reviews the advances made so far in seasonal climate predictions and their applications for management and decision-making in agriculture. It also identifies the challenges to be addressed in the next 5 to 10 years to further enhance operational applications of climate predictions in agriculture, especially in developing countries.

Review of NOAA's Plan for the Scientific Data Stewardship Program

Review of NOAA's Plan for the Scientific Data Stewardship Program

  • Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate Data Records from NOAA Operational Satellites
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309182034
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 38
  • View: 3286
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To better understand our climate system, it is important that we have climate data records (CDRs)--time series of measurements of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to determine climate variability and change--that possess the accuracy, longevity, and stability to facilitate credible climate monitoring. In 2004, the National Research Council (NRC) published Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites to provide the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) with initial guidelines on how to develop and implement an effective CDR program. NOAA used this book to draft a plan for a new Scientific Data Stewardship (SDS) program, and then asked NRC to review it. The new program will be responsible for processing, archiving, and distributing observations from satellite and supporting ground-based platforms for monitoring, diagnosing, understanding, predicting, modeling, and assessing climate variation and change. The NRC review outlines several ways in which to improve NOAA's draft plan, most importantly by clarifying advisory mechanisms, providing more detail about how NOAA will coordinate with important partners in generating CDRs, articulating how the program will prioritize its activities, and developing ways to realistically project future costs. However, the draft plan is sound overall and NOAA should immediately begin implementing the SDS program while revising the plan as recommended in the book.

Solar Variability and Climate

Solar Variability and Climate

Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 15-19 February 1999, Bern, Switzerland

  • Author: E. Friis-Christensen,Claus Fröhlich,J.D. Haigh,M. Schüssler,Rudolf von Steiger
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780792367413
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 427
  • View: 8660
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Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop, 28 June - 2 July 1999, Bern, Switzerland

Global Climatology and Ecodynamics

Global Climatology and Ecodynamics

Anthropogenic Changes to Planet Earth

  • Author: Arthur Philip Cracknell,Vladimir F. Krapivin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540782095
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 518
  • View: 6557
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The exclusive role of natural ecosystems is a key factor in the maintenance of the biospheric equilibrium. The current global crisis is largely caused by their dramatic decline by 43% in the past hundred years. Ignoring the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere could lead humanity to an ecological catastrophe. This book presents the ecological, demographic, economic and socio-psychological manifestations of the global crisis and outlines the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere. The authors are eminently qualified to write about the problems associated with the global crisis and consider the causes behind humanity's conflict with its environment. V. Danilov-Danilian, Associate of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russia's former Minister of the Environment, and K. Losev, professor at Moscow State university, are leading Russian ecologists and I. Reyf is a journalist who specializes in ecology and global development. Dr. Danilov-Danilian works on the economics of nature management, economic and mathematical model building, sustainable development theory and ecology. Dr Losev is the chief researcher and head of the division of the VINITI. All the authors have published numerous papers, articles and books on such subjects as glaciology, hydrology, environment studies, global change and sustainable development.

Comments on Catalyzing U.S. World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Activities

Comments on Catalyzing U.S. World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Activities

  • Author: Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources,Climate Research Committee,National Research Council
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309074045
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 32
  • View: 8652
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The purpose of this letter report is to state the findings and recommendations of the Climate Research Committee's (CRC) brief review of the U.S. contributions to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The primary objectives of the review were to: (1) assess the coordination (national-international and project-to-project) of the U.S. scientific contributions to the WCRP; (2) identify potential science gaps and/or redundancies in the U.S. contributions to the WCRP, and; (3) identify existing or emerging issues and needs that might require more in-depth attention. Due to the limited time available for this review, the CRC focused on the first of these objectives.

Sustained Simulation Performance 2013

Sustained Simulation Performance 2013

Proceedings of the joint Workshop on Sustained Simulation Performance, University of Stuttgart (HLRS) and Tohoku University, 2013

  • Author: Michael M. Resch,Wolfgang Bez,Erich Focht,Hiroaki Kobayashi,Yevgeniya Kovalenko
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3319014390
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 157
  • View: 2117
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This book presents the state of the art in high-performance computing and simulation on modern supercomputer architectures. It covers trends in hardware and software development in general and specifically the future of high-performance systems and heterogeneous architectures. The application contributions cover computational fluid dynamics, material science, medical applications and climate research. Innovative fields like coupled multi-physics or multi-scale simulations are presented. All papers were chosen from presentations given at the 16th Workshop on Sustained Simulation Performance held in December 2012 at HLRS, University of Stuttgart, Germany and the 17th Workshop on Sustained Simulation Performance at Tohoku University in March 2013.

Advances in Oxygen Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Advances in Oxygen Research and Application: 2012 Edition

ScholarlyBrief

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
  • ISBN: 1464992479
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 536
  • View: 6250
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Advances in Oxygen Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Oxygen in a concise format. The editors have built Advances in Oxygen Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Oxygen in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Oxygen Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Stochastic Climate Models

Stochastic Climate Models

  • Author: Peter Imkeller,Jin-Song Von Storch
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783764365202
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 398
  • View: 6341
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A collection of articles written by mathematicians and physicists, designed to describe the state of the art in climate models with stochastic input. Mathematicians will benefit from a survey of simple models, while physicists will encounter mathematically relevant techniques at work.

Vital Signs 2000

Vital Signs 2000

  • Author: The Worldwatch Institute
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 1610916611
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 190
  • View: 1943
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The global trends documented in Vital Signs 2000--from the rapid rise in the sales of energy-efficient compact fluorescent lamps to the worldwide overpumping of growndwater--will play a large role in determining the quality of our lives and our children's lives in the next decade.