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Fundamentals of Crystallography

Fundamentals of Crystallography

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198555780
  • Category: Crystallography
  • Page: 654
  • View: 3001
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Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

  • Author: Christopher Hammond
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019156771X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 3706
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This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

  • Author: Christopher Hammond
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780198505525
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 331
  • View: 4722
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A classic textbook providing a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topic of crystallography and diffraction for undregraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences. For this second edition the existing material has been throughly updated.

Symmetry in Crystallography

Symmetry in Crystallography

Understanding the International Tables

  • Author: Paolo Radaelli
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199550654
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 126
  • View: 8460
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A fresh approach to teaching crystallographic symmetry. Rather than being swamped by heavy algebraic notation, the reader is taken through a series of simple and beautiful examples from the visual arts, and taught how to analyse them employing the 'pictorial' diagrams used in the International Tables of Crystallography.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Fundamentals of Crystallography

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo,Hugo Luis Monaco,Gilberto Artioli,Davide Viterbo,Marco Milanesio,Gastone Gilli,Paola Gilli,Giuseppe Zanotti,Giovanni Ferraris,Michele Catti
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0199573654
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 864
  • View: 2538
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Crystallography is a basic tool for scientists in many diverse disciplines. This book offers a clear description of fundamentals and of modern applications. It will support curricula in crystallography at undergraduate level, contains material for advanced and specialized courses, and offers tools and ideas for courses in other disciplines.

Phasing in Crystallography

Phasing in Crystallography

A Modern Perspective

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199686998
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 9587
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The book describes phasing techniques in modern crystallography. The main text is dedicated to their simple description, and further mathematical details are contained in the appendices. Practical aspects are described for each specific method, making it a useful tool for the daily work of practising crystallographers.

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

  • Author: Ulrich Müller
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199669953
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 332
  • View: 8400
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The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Fundamentals of Crystallography

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780198509585
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 825
  • View: 5327
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Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.

Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

  • Author: Dmitri I. Svergun,Michel H. J. Koch,Peter A. Timmins,Roland P. May
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191507032
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 2801
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Small-angle scattering of X-rays (SAXS) and neutrons (SANS) is an established method for the structural characterization of biological objects in a broad size range from individual macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, lipids) to large macromolecular complexes. SAXS/SANS is complementary to the high resolution methods of X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance, allowing for hybrid modeling and also accounting for available biophysical and biochemical data. Quantitative characterization of flexible macromolecular systems and mixtures has recently become possible. SAXS/SANS measurements can be easily performed in different conditions by adding ligands or binding partners, and by changing physical and/or chemical characteristics of the solvent to provide information on the structural responses. The technique provides kinetic information about processes like folding and assembly and also allows one to analyze macromolecular interactions. The major factors promoting the increasingly active use of SAXS/SANS are modern high brilliance X-ray and neutron sources, novel data analysis methods, and automation of the experiment, data processing and interpretation. In this book, following the presentation of the basics of scattering from isotropic macromolecular solutions, modern instrumentation, experimental practice and advanced analysis techniques are explained. Advantages of X-rays (rapid data collection, small sample volumes) and of neutrons (contrast variation by hydrogen/deuterium exchange) are specifically highlighted. Examples of applications of the technique to different macromolecular systems are considered with specific emphasis on the synergistic use of SAXS/SANS with other structural, biophysical and computational techniques.

Crystal Structure Refinement

Crystal Structure Refinement

A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

  • Author: Peter Muller
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198570767
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 213
  • View: 712
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Accompanying CD-ROM contains all the files necessary to reproduce the refinements covered in the text.

Crystal Structure Analysis

Crystal Structure Analysis

Principles and Practice

  • Author: Alexander J Blake,William Clegg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019921946X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 387
  • View: 3313
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By choosing an approach that avoids undue emphasis on the mathematics involved, this book gives practical advice on topics such as growing crystals, solving and refining structures, and understanding and using the results.

Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

  • Author: Wai-Kee Li,Gong-Du Zhou,Thomas C. W. Mak
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199216940
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 819
  • View: 4915
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A revised and updated English edition of a textbook based on teaching at the final year undergraduate and graduate level. It presents structure and bonding, generalizations of structural trends, crystallographic data, as well as highlights from the recent literature.

Crystal structure analysis

Crystal structure analysis

a primer

  • Author: Jenny Pickworth Glusker,Kenneth N. Trueblood
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 269
  • View: 6329
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This practical guide explains how and why the architecture of molecules can be determined by analysis of the diffraction patterns produced by X-ray crystallography. Thoroughly illustrated, it is intended for nonspecialists who want to understand the fundamentals of this widely used method ofstructure determination. The new second edition has been revised and expanded to take account of the many recent advances in the field.

Basic Elements of Crystallography, Second Edition

Basic Elements of Crystallography, Second Edition

  • Author: Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki,Teresa Szwacka
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9814613584
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 9994
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This textbook is a complete and clear introduction to the field of crystallography. It includes an extensive discussion on the 14 Bravais lattices and their reciprocals, the basic concepts of point- and space-group symmetry, the crystal structure of elements and binary compounds, and much more. The purpose of this textbook is to illustrate rather than describe "using many words" the structure of materials. Even readers who are completely unfamiliar with the topic, but still interested in learning how the atoms are arranged in crystal structures, will find this book immensely useful. Each chapter is accompanied by exercises designed to encourage students to explore the different crystal structures they are learning about. The solutions to the exercises are also provided at the end of the book.

Electron Crystallography

Electron Crystallography

Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

  • Author: Xiaodong Zou,Sven Hovmöller,Peter Oleynikov
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199580200
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 332
  • View: 4462
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Dynamical Theory of X-ray Diffraction

Dynamical Theory of X-ray Diffraction

  • Author: André Authier
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780198528920
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 674
  • View: 6867
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The dynamical theory of diffraction has witnessed exciting developments since the advent of synchrotron radiation. This book provides an up-to-date account of the theory of diffraction and its applications. The first part serves as an introduction to the subject, presenting early developments and the basic results. It is followed by a detailed development of the diffraction and propagation properties of x-rays in perfect crystals and by an extension of the theory to the case of slightly and highly deformed crystals. The last part gives three applications of the theory: X-ray optics for synchrotron radiation, locations of atoms at surfaces, and X-ray diffraction topography. The book is richly illustrated and contains a wide range of references to the literature. It will be a most useful reference work for graduate students, lecturers and researchers.

X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

  • Author: Philip Coppens
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195098234
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 358
  • View: 4072
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This book deals with the electron density distribution in molecules and solids as obtained experimentally by X-ray diffraction. It is a comprehensive treatment of the methods involved, and the interpretation of the experimental results in terms of chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions. Inorganic and organic solids, as well as metals, are covered in the chapters dealing with specific systems. As a whole, this monograph is especially appealing because of its broad interface with numerous disciplines. Accurate X-ray diffraction intensities contain fundamental information on the charge distribution in crystals, which can be compared directly with theoretical results, and used to derive other physical properties, such as electrostatic moments, the electrostatic potential and lattice energies, which are accessible by spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements. Consequently, the work will be of great interest to a broad range of crystallographers and physical scientists.

Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

  • Author: André Authier
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199659842
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 441
  • View: 8722
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The modern applications of X-ray crystallography range from drug design to characterisation of high technology materials. This book tells the story of its pioneers and relates how the first crystal structures were determined.

Direct Phasing in Crystallography

Direct Phasing in Crystallography

Fundamentals and Applications

  • Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780198500728
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 767
  • View: 332
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Direct methods are, at present, applied to a large variety of cases: X-ray, neutron or electron data; single crystal and powder data; small molecules and macromolecules. While direct methods solved in practice the phase problem for small molecules, their application to macromolecules is recent and still undergoing strong development. The fundamentals of the methods are described: in particular it is shown how the methods can be optimized for powder, neutron or electron data, and how theycan be integrated with isomorphous replacement, molecular replacement and anomalous dispersion techniques. Maximum Entropy methods are also described and discussed. Sets of test structures are used to verify, throughout the various chapters, the mathematical techniques there described and to provide practical examples of applications. This book will appeal to a wide variety of readers - offering both a comprehensive description of direct methods in crystallography and an invaluable reference tool. The first three chapters can be considered as an introduction to the field, with sufficient material to constitute a university course and for allowing the expert use of most direct methods programs. Subsequent chapters are aimed at graduate students and working crystallographers. Basic results are described and discussed in the main body of the text, while the appendices compliment these with in depth mathematical details. The quoted literature is extremely wide and the interested readercan find suggestions for future work and further reading throughout the book.

Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

  • Author: William I. F. David
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0198500912
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 337
  • View: 8882
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Our understanding of the properties of materials, from drugs and proteins to catalysts and ceramics, is almost always based on structural information. This book describes the new developments in the realm of powder diffraction which make it possible for scientists to obtain such information even from polycrystalline materials. Written and edited by experts active in the field, and covering both the fundamental and applied aspects of structure solution from powder diffraction data, this book guides both novices and experienced practitioners alike through the maze of possibilities.