Search Results for "fundamentals-of-ecotoxicology"

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition

  • Author: Michael C. Newman
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1466582294
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 680
  • View: 3042
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An integrated analysis exploring current and relevant concepts, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition extends the dialogue further from the previous editions and beyond conventional ecosystems. It explores landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, communicating core concepts with subjects ranging from molecular to global issues. It addresses the increasing growth and complexity of ecotoxicological problems, contains additional vignettes, and employs input from a variety of experts in the field. Divided into 14 chapters, the book begins with an overall history of the field. It details the essential features of the key contaminants of concern today, including their sources. It examines bioaccumulation, the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization, and the regulatory aspects of the field addressing the technical issues of risk assessment. The author includes appendices illustrating important environmental laws and regulations, and compiles key terms not already identified by section headings in the glossary. He also provides suggested readings at the end of each chapter and presents study questions at the end of the book. Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology, and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition

  • Author: Michael C. Newman
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1439883122
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 571
  • View: 7604
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Each year ecotoxicological problems become increasingly complex and encompass broader spatial and temporal scales. Our practical understanding must evolve accordingly to maintain an acceptable quality of life. Fully revised and expanded to reflect new developments, the third edition of Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology provides a broad overview of the field that ranges from molecular to global issues. New in the third edition: Revised chapter on contaminant types and sources Expanded by 100 pages beyond the second edition More integration of contaminant sources and fate Color graphics including fifteen color insert images New vignettes contributed by international experts Appendices describing current Chinese and Australian legislation in addition to U.S. and EU legislation The text details key environmental contaminants, explores their fates in the biosphere, and discusses bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. It also covers regulatory aspects of the field and discusses key Australian, U.S., European, and Chinese legislation and policies. Vignettes written by experts illustrate key themes or highlight especially pertinent examples. Instructors can present the core concepts of each chapter and use the vignettes for student-lead discussions. The time has passed when it was sufficient for the ecotoxicologist to focus only on new human toxicants as they appear and then explore how they impact nonhuman species. Keeping this in mind, the textbook extends the discussion of ecotoxicants beyond the conventional ecosystem to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics. This extension imparts a perspective as encompassing as the problems facing us today.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

  • Author: Michael C. Newman,Michael A. Unger
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781566705981
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 9504
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Completely revised and updated, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition presents a treatment of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global perspectives. The authors focus first on lower levels of organization and then extend their discussion to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, imparting a perspective as broad as the the problems facing practicing professionals. See what's new in this edition: A comprehensive chapter on the nature, transport, and fate of major classes of contaminants in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems Side bars containing vignettes by leaders in the field let you benefit from the experience of diverse practitioners in the field An appendix covering European environmental regulations The authors detail key contaminants of concern, explore their fate and cycling in the biosphere, and discuss bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. They cover regulatory aspects of the field in separate chapters that address the technical issues of risk assessment and discuss key U.S. and European legislation in the appendices. Complete with study questions, a detailed glossary, and vignettes by various experts exploring special topics in ecotoxicology, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition is an ideal introductory textbook for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a valuable reference for professionals.

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology

A Comprehensive Treatment

  • Author: Michael C. Newman,William H. Clements
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420005011
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 880
  • View: 1743
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Integrating ecotoxicological concepts across a range of hierarchical levels, Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment focuses on the paradigms and fundamental themes of ecotoxicology while providing the detail and practical application of concepts often found in more specialized books. By synthesizing the best qualities of a general textbook and the narrower, more specific scope of a technical reference, the authors create a volume flexible enough to cover a variety of instructional vantages and thorough enough to engender a respect for the importance of understanding and integrating concepts from all levels of biological organization. Divided into six sections, the book builds progressively from the biomolecular level toward a discussion of effects on the global biosphere. It begins with the fundamentals of hierarchical ecotoxicology and vantages for exploring ecotoxicological issues. The second section introduces organismal ecotoxicology and examines effects to biochemicals, cells, organs, organ systems, and whole organisms, and bioaccumulation and bioavailability of contaminants. Population ecotoxicology, section three, places the discussion in the larger context of entire populations by analyzing epidemiology, population dynamics, demographics, genetics, and natural selection. Section four encompasses issues of community ecotoxicology. This section presents biotic and abiotic factors influencing communities, biomonitoring and community response, and the application of multimetric and multivariate approaches. Section five evaluates the entire ecosystem by describing assessment approaches, identifying patterns, analyzing relationships between species, and reviewing the effects of global atmospheric stressors. A detailed conclusion integrating the concepts discussed and promoting a balanced assessment of the overarching paradigms rounds out the coverage in section six.

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

Effects, Environmental Fate And Risk Assessment

  • Author: Gary M. Rand
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781560320913
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1148
  • View: 2245
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This text is divided into three parts. The first part describes basic toxicological concepts and methodologies used in aquatic toxicity testing, including the philosophies underlying testing strategies now required to meet and support regulatory standards. The second part of the book discusses various factors that affect transport, transformation, ultimate distribution, and accumulation of chemicals in the aquatic environment, along with the use of modelling to predict fate.; The final section of the book reviews types of effects or endpoints evaluated in field studies and the use of structure-activity relationships in aquatic toxicology to predict biological activity and physio-chemical properties of a chemical. This section also contains an extensive background of environmental legislation in the USA and within the European Community, and an introduction to hazard/risk assessment with case studies.

The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence

The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence

Natural Science, Statistics, Psychology, and Sociology

  • Author: Michael C. Newman
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128096454
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 298
  • View: 3453
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The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence: Natural Science, Statistics, Psychology, and Sociology examines how toxicologists and environmental professionals come to understand and make decisions about possible harm from pollutants. Drawing on concepts and techniques from the natural, social and mathematical sciences, the book emphasizes how pollutant-related evidence is gathered, assessed, communicated and applied in decision-making. Each chapter begins with a real-world example before exploring fundamental cognitive, social, statistical or natural science concepts to explain the opening example. Methods from other disciplines for recognizing, reducing or removing the influence of impediments in wise decision-making are highlighted in each chapter. Misreading evidence by the scientific community, and miscommunication to regulators and the public, remain major impediments to wise action in pollution issues. Which evidence comes to dominate the dialogue among scientists, regulators and decision makers depends on social and scientific dynamics. Yet psychological and sociological factors that influence the movement of evidence through scientific communities to regulators receive cursory discussion by professionals unfamiliar with the sociology literature. Toxicologists, environmental scientists, psychologists and professionals and students across the sciences will find the book useful for understanding how evidence is generated, assessed and communicated in their own fields. Includes groundbreaking research synthesizing information from across the sciences to understand the decision-making process Provides real life examples and uses theoretical concepts to analyze them in clear, direct language Encourages critical thinking about complex problems

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Principles and Methods

  • Author: Francois Gagne
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 012411623X
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 282
  • View: 3515
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Biochemical Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods presents practical approaches to biochemical ecotoxicology experiments for environmental protection and conservation. With its methodical, stepped approach this essential reference introduces readers to current techniques for toxicity endpoint testing, suitable for laboratories of any size and budget. Each chapter presents a state-of-the-art principle, a quick and inexpensive procedure (including appropriate reagents), case studies, and demonstrations on how to analyze your results. Generic techniques are covered, suitable for a variety of organisms, as well as high-throughput techniques like quantitative polymerase chain reactions and enzyme-linked immunoassays. Cutting-edge approaches, including gPCR arrays and lipidomic techniques, are also included, making this is an essential reference for anyone who needs to assess environmental toxicity. Practical, cost-effective approaches to assess environmental toxicity endpoints for all types of organism Presents theory, methods, case studies and information on how to analyze results State-of-the-art techniques, such as ‘omics’ approaches to toxicology

Basic Environmental Toxicology

Basic Environmental Toxicology

  • Author: Lorris G. Cockerham,Barbara S. Shane
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780849388514
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 640
  • View: 5415
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Basic Environmental Toxicology provides a thorough, systematic introduction to environmental toxicology and addresses many of the effects of pollutants on humans, animals, and the environment. Readers are introduced to the fundamentals of toxicology and ecotoxicology, the effects of different types of toxicants, and how toxicants affect different compartments of the environment. Fundamental aspects of environmental health, occupational health, detection of pollutants, and risk assessment are discussed. The book is excellent for anyone involved in risk assessment or risk management, toxicologists, state and local public health officials, environmental engineers, industrial managers, consultants, and students taking environmental toxicology courses.

Principles of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

Principles of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

  • Author: C.H. Walker,R.M. Sibly,D.B. Peakall
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0203209575
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 326
  • View: 8284
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Over the past decade ecotoxicology has emerged as a distinct subject of interdisciplinary character. Courses in ecotoxicology reflect this and are taught by specialists in chemistry and biochemistry through to population genetics and ecology. As the first textbook to incorporate all relevant aspects of chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, physiology, population ecology and population genetics, the first edition of this book proved to be well received across several industries. Featuring fully revised text and new illustrations, Principles of Ecotoxicology identifies the major classes of organic and inorganic pollutants, their properties, release and environmental fate, and transport in air, water and along food chains, before considering the effects that they might have upon individual organisms and ultimately whole ecosystems. This timely second edition of Principles of Ecotoxicology incorporates data collected since the first edition on subjects of current research and media interest such as organochloride pesticides, endocrine disruptors, aquatic toxicity, industrial waste and ecotoxicity testing.

Quantitative Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

Quantitative Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

  • Author: Michael C. Newman
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1439835640
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 592
  • View: 7711
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Quantitative Ecotoxicology, Second Edition explores models and methods of quantitative ecotoxicology at progressively higher biological scales using worked examples and common software packages. It complements the author’s previous books, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition and Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatment. Encouraging a more rigorous inferential approach to research, the book examines the quantitative features of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters lay the foundation by introducing fundamental concepts and definitions. The author traces the historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics of scientific ecotoxicology as well as the general measurement process. He also considers methodologies for defining and controlling variance, which could otherwise exclude valid conclusions from ecotoxicological endeavors. The book then discusses ecotoxicological concepts at increasing levels of ecological organization and outlines quantitative methods used to measure toxicant accumulation and effects. Reflecting the importance of establishing type I and type II error rates, it highlights design issues, particularly sample size and power estimation. The final chapter summarizes the book with a brief discussion of ecotoxicology from a nonregulatory perspective. Extensively updated, this second edition has been expanded to include terrestrial as well as aquatic ecotoxicology. Requiring only a basic knowledge of statistics, this highly readable book is suitable for graduate students and researchers as well as practicing environmental scientists and engineers. It guides readers to better understand the fate and effects of toxicants in the biosphere—and helps them frame this understanding in quantitative terms. What’s New in This Edition More than 40 new figures and 20 new worked examples Updated measurement quality methods and software Expanded coverage of synecological models and methods More integration of Bayesian concepts Appendices for power analysis and basic matrix methods Additional mixture toxicity and up-and-down methods Greatly expanded discussion of significance testing Expanded discussion of metapopulations Matrix tools for population demography Light isotope-based models for trophic transfer of toxicants Inclusion of metacommunity and SHE analysis techniques R script examples by Eduard Szöcs (University Koblenz-Landau) available at http://edild.github.io/blog/categories/quantitative-ecotoxicology-with-r/

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology

A Hierarchical Treatment

  • Author: Michael C. Newman,Charles H. Jagoe
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781566701273
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 7564
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In Ecotoxicology: A Hierarchical Treatment, 20 recognized experts from around the world identify and present the fundamental concepts of ecotoxicology at the biological level central to their own research. Superbly organized, the book proceeds sequentially by chapter from the chemical to cellular to the ecosystem level, making it easy to read, understand, and use. Specifically, each author identifies important hypotheses, paradigms, "false" paradigms, or new techniques in his or her research area. As a result, this book is a stimulating progressive treatment of ecotoxicology at all levels of organization. Each chapter draws mechanistic interpretation from the next lower level and attempts to predict effects at the next higher level. This innovative approach underscores ecotoxicology's potential for development into a new discipline and makes Ecotoxicology: A Hierarchical Treatment the definitive reference at this crucial juncture.

Basics of Ecotoxicology

Basics of Ecotoxicology

  • Author: Donald W. Sparling
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351655469
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 221
  • View: 7656
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The material presented in this textbook will not require the need for prior knowledge of chemistry, biology, or statistics to be understood, rather, it will provide sufficient related background information leading to a competency to clearly understand ecotoxicology concepts and topics.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

  • Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen,G. Bendoricchio
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0080440150
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 530
  • View: 2610
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This is a thoroughly revised and updated edition of an authoritative introduction to ecological modelling. Sven Erik Jørgensen, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecological Modelling, and Giuseppe Bendoricchio, Professor of Environmental Modelling at the University of Padova, Italy, offer compelling insights into the subject. This volume explains the concepts and processes involved in ecological modelling, presents the latest developments in the field and provides readers with the tools to construct their own models. The Third Edition features: • A detailed discussion and step-by-step outline of the modelling procedure. • An account of different model types including overview tables, examples and illustrations. • A comprehensive presentation of the submodels and unit processes used in modelling. • In-depth descriptions of the latest modelling techniques. • Structured exercises at the end of each chapter. • Three mathematical appendices and a subject index. This practical and proven book very effectively combines the theory, methodology and applications of ecological modelling. The new edition is an essential, up-to-date guide to a rapidly growing field.

Fundamentals Of Toxicology

Fundamentals Of Toxicology

  • Author: Pandey,Shukla,Trivedi
  • Publisher: New Central Book Agency
  • ISBN: 9788173814761
  • Category: Chemistry
  • Page: 356
  • View: 4215
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Ecotoxicology of Explosives

Ecotoxicology of Explosives

  • Author: Geoffrey I. Sunahara,Guilherme Lotufo,Roman G. Kuperman,Jalal Hawari
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420004342
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3332
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Managing sites contaminated with munitions constituents is an international challenge. Although the choice of approach and the use of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) tools may vary from country to country, the assurance of quality and the direction of ecotoxicological research are universally recognized as shared concerns. Drawing on a multidisciplinary team of contributors, Ecotoxicology of Explosives provides comprehenisve and critical reviews available to date on fate, transport, and effects of explosives. The book delineates the state of the science of the ecotoxicology of explosives, past, present, and recently developed. It reviews the accessible fate and ecotoxicological data for energetic materials (EMs) and the methods for their development. The chapters characterize the fate of explosives in the environment, then provide information on their ecological effects in key environmental media, including aquatic, sedimentary, and terrestrial habitats. The book also discusses approaches for assembling these lines of evidence for risk assessment purposes. The chapter authors have critically examined the peer-reviewed literature to identify and prioritize the knowledge gaps and to recommend future areas of research. The editors include a review of the genotoxic effects of the EMs and the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of these chemicals. They also discuss the transport, transformation, and degradation pathways of these chemicals in the environment that underlie the potential hazardous impact and bioaccumulation of EMs in different terrestrial and aquatic ecologiocal receptors. This information translates into practical applications for the environmental risk assessment of EM-contaminated sites and into recommendations for the sustainable use of defense installations.

Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

  • Author: David J. Hoffman,Barnett A. Rattner,G. Allen Burton, Jr.,John Cairns, Jr.
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781566705462
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1312
  • View: 8593
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Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals: An Introduction

Risk Assessment of Chemicals: An Introduction

  • Author: C.J. van Leeuwen,T.G. Vermeire
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402061013
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 686
  • View: 9467
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At last – a second edition of this hugely important text that reflects the progress and experience gained in the last decade and aims at providing background and training material for a new generation of risk assessors. The authors offer an introduction to risk assessment of chemicals as well as basic background information on sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for the estimation of exposure of plant and animal species in the environment and humans exposed via the environment, consumer products, and at the workplace. The coverage describes the basic principles and methods of risk assessment within their legislative frameworks (EU, USA, Japan and Canada).

Fundamentals of Toxicology

Fundamentals of Toxicology

Essential Concepts and Applications

  • Author: PK Gupta
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0128054034
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 422
  • View: 2887
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Fundamentals of Toxicology: Essential Concepts and Applications provides a crisp, easy-to-understand overview of the most important concepts, applications, and ideas needed to learn the basics of toxicology. Written by a pre-eminent toxicologist with over five decades of teaching experience, this comprehensive resource offers the hands-on knowledge needed for a strong foundation in the wide field of toxicology. Fundamentals of Toxicology includes a clear structure divided into five units to assist learning and understanding. The first unit provides extensive coverage on the background of toxicology including commonly used definitions and historical perspective, while following units cover: basic concepts; regulatory requirements and good laboratory practices, including types of toxicology testing and evaluation; toxic agents and adverse effects on health; and analytical, forensic, and diagnostic toxicology. This is an essential book for advanced students in toxicology and across the biomedical sciences, life sciences, and environmental sciences who want to learn the concepts of toxicology, as well as early researchers needing to refresh outside of their specialty. Explains the essential concepts of toxicology in a clear fashion Provides in-depth coverage of testing protocols, common drugs, chemicals, and laboratory-based diagnostic and analytical toxicology Explores the history, foundations, and most recent concepts of toxicology Serves as an essential reference for advanced students in toxicology and across the biomedical, life, and environmental sciences who want to learn the concepts of toxicology

Introduction to Ecotoxicology

Introduction to Ecotoxicology

  • Author: Des W. Connell,Paul Lam,Bruce Richardson,Rudolf Wu
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444313266
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 9890
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Environmental pollution is one of the most serious threats to the future health of our planet. A wide and ever increasing range of chemicals from industry, agriculture, medicine and a host of other sources continue to contribute to the earth's chemical load. Governments have encountered great difficulties responding to the crucial and immediate need for effective management. As a result, the new science of ecotoxicology has developed, which provides a broad conceptual framework for evaluating the effects of chemicals in natural ecosystems. This book is aimed principally at undergraduate students who have completed basic courses in both chemistry and biology. It takes a broad view of ecotoxicology starting with the nature, properties and behaviour of environmental toxicants, and extends to dose/response relationships and effects on organisms, populations, communities and ecosystems. Importantly, it also addresses environmental management areas such as biomarkers, biomonitoring, ecological risk assessment and the ecotoxicology and management of chemicals. The book provides an invaluable overview of the subject for students taking courses in ecotoxicology and environmental pollution, as well as wider degree programmes in biology, ecology, wildlife management, environmental science, environmental impact assessment, toxicology, pollution, chemical engineering, civil engineering, sanitation engineering and related subjects.

Chemistry and Ecotoxicology of Pollution

Chemistry and Ecotoxicology of Pollution

  • Author: Des W. Connell,Gregory J. Miller
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780471862499
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 1100
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Systems Ecology An Introduction Howard T. Odum An integrated theoretical and applied approach to systems ecology, using diagrammatic language to explain basic concepts of systems, modeling, and simulation. It presents simple and moderate complexity models as the ones of primary utility in theory and practice; combines energetics and kinetics, rather than viewing them separately; and generalizes concepts of ecosystems and economic systems, among its many vital features. (0 471 65277-6) 1983 Ecogenetics Genetic Variation in Susceptibility to Environmental Agents Edward J. Calabrese The most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of how genetic factors affect susceptibility to environmental agents. The book provides an objective critical evaluation of current scientific literature on the subject, with particular emphasis on those a gents typically considered pollutants. (0 471 89112-6) 1984 Chemodynamics Environmental Movement of Chemicals in Air, Water and Soil Louis J. Thibodeaux This book describes the nature and processes of the transport of pollutants throughout the environment. It examines equilibrium at environmental interfaces, transport fundamentals, and the chemical exchange rates between air and water, water and the adjoining earthen material, air and soil, as well as intraphase chemical exchange rates. (0 471 04720-1) 1979 Environmental Engineering and Sanitation, 3rd Edition Joseph A. Salvato A totally updated edition of the standard guide to sanitary and environmental engineering principles and their practical applications. It covers virtually every problem encountered in the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of sanitation plants and structures. New features include updated material on water reclamation and reuse, on-site sewage disposal, protection of groundwater quality, and more. (0 471 04942-5) 1982 Aquatic Chemistry An Introduction Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters, 2nd Edition Werner J. Stumm & James J. Morgan This new edition of the recognized classic crystallizes the enormous and growing flood of data and theory that has accompanied the maturation of this field. New features include increased attention to steady-state and dynamic models employing mass-balance approaches and kinetic information; a new chapter on environmental considerations; expanded compilation of thermodynamic data; and more. (0 471 04831-3) 1981 Cloth (0 471 09173-1) 1981 Paper