Search Results for "gender-trouble"

Gender Trouble

Gender Trouble

Feminism and the Subversion of Identity

  • Author: Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136783237
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3939
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One of the most talked-about scholarly works of the past fifty years, Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble is as celebrated as it is controversial. Arguing that traditional feminism is wrong to look to a natural, 'essential' notion of the female, or indeed of sex or gender, Butler starts by questioning the category 'woman' and continues in this vein with examinations of 'the masculine' and 'the feminine'. Best known however, but also most often misinterpreted, is Butler's concept of gender as a reiterated social performance rather than the expression of a prior reality. Thrilling and provocative, few other academic works have roused passions to the same extent.

Gender Trouble

Gender Trouble

Tenth Anniversary Edition

  • Author: Judith Butler,Maxine Elliot Professor of Comparative Literature and Critical Theory Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135959935
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6007
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Since its publication in 1990, Gender Trouble has become one of the key works of contemporary feminist theory, and an essential work for anyone interested in the study of gender, queer theory, or the politics of sexuality in culture.

Undoing Gender

Undoing Gender

  • Author: Judith Butler,Maxine Elliot Professor of Comparative Literature and Critical Theory Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113588076X
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2953
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Undoing Gender constitutes Judith Butler's recent reflections on gender and sexuality, focusing on new kinship, psychoanalysis and the incest taboo, transgender, intersex, diagnostic categories, social violence, and the tasks of social transformation. In terms that draw from feminist and queer theory, Butler considers the norms that govern--and fail to govern--gender and sexuality as they relate to the constraints on recognizable personhood. The book constitutes a reconsideration of her earlier view on gender performativity from Gender Trouble. In this work, the critique of gender norms is clearly situated within the framework of human persistence and survival. And to "do" one's gender in certain ways sometimes implies "undoing" dominant notions of personhood. She writes about the "New Gender Politics" that has emerged in recent years, a combination of movements concerned with transgender, transsexuality, intersex, and their complex relations to feminist and queer theory.

Bodies That Matter

Bodies That Matter

On the Discursive Limits of "Sex"

  • Author: Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134711417
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 2010
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In Bodies That Matter, Judith Butler further develops her distinctive theory of gender by examining the workings of power at the most "material" dimensions of sex and sexuality. Deepening the inquiries she began in Gender Trouble, Butler offers an original reformulation of the materiality of bodies, examining how the power of heterosexual hegemony forms the "matter" of bodies, sex, and gender. Butler argues that power operates to constrain "sex" from the start, delimiting what counts as a viable sex. She offers a clarification of the notion of "performativity" introduced in Gender Trouble and explores the meaning of a citational politics. The text includes readings of Plato, Irigaray, Lacan, and Freud on the formation of materiality and bodily boundaries; "Paris is Burning," Nella Larsen's "Passing," and short stories by Willa Cather; along with a reconsideration of "performativity" and politics in feminist, queer, and radical democratic theory.

Gender Trouble

Gender Trouble

  • Author: Tim Smith-Laing
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 135135227X
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 104
  • View: 503
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Judith Butler's Gender Trouble is a perfect example of creative thinking. The book redefines feminism's struggle against patriarchy as part of a much broader issue: the damaging effects of all our assumptions about gender and identity. Looking at the factionalism of contemporary (1980s) feminism, Butler saw a movement split by identity politics. Riven by arguments over what it meant to be a women, over sexuality, and over class and race, feminism was falling prey to internal problems of identity, and was failing to move towards broader solidarity with other liberation movements such as LGBT. Butler turned these issues on their head by questioning the basis that supposedly fundamental and fixed identities such as 'masculine/feminine' or 'straight/gay' actually have. Tracing these binary definitions back to the binary nature of human anatomy ('male/female'), she argues that there is no necessary link between our anatomies and our identities. Subjecting a wide range of evidence from philosophy, cultural theory, anthropology, psychology and anthropology to a renewed search for meaning, Butler shows both that sex (biology) and gender (identity) are separate, and that even biological sex is not simplistically either/or male/female. Separating our biology from identity then allows her to argue that, while categories such as 'masculine/feminine/straight/gay' are real, they are not necessary; rather, they are the product of society's assumptions, and the constant reproduction of those assumptions by everyone around us. That opens up some small hope for change: a hope that – 25 years after Gender Trouble's publication – is having a huge impact on societies and politics across the world.

Queering the Shakespeare Film

Queering the Shakespeare Film

Gender Trouble, Gay Spectatorship and Male Homoeroticism

  • Author: Anthony Guy Patricia
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1474237053
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4018
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A range of mainstream and independent English language film productions of A Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Twelfth Night, and The Merchant of Venice take centre stage in Queering the Shakespeare Film. This study critiques the various representations of the queer – broadly understood as that which is at odds with what has been deemed to be the normal, the legitimate, and the dominant, particularly – but not exclusively – as regards sexual matters, in the Shakespeare film. The movies chosen for analysis correspond deliberately with those Shakespeare plays that, as written texts, have been subjected to a great deal of productive study in a queer context since the beginnings of queer theory in the early 1990s. Thus the book extends the ongoing queer discussion of these written texts to their counterpart cinematic texts. Queering the Shakespeare Film is a much-needed alternative and complementary critical history of the Shakespeare film genre.

Gender Trouble Makers

Gender Trouble Makers

Education and Empowerment in Nepal

  • Author: Jennifer Rothchild
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135861854
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9918
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International development efforts aimed at improving girls’ lives and education have been well-intended, somewhat effective, but ultimately short-sighted and incomplete. This is because international development efforts often operate under a reductive understanding of the term 'gender' and how it influences the lives of girls and boys. Gender is more commonly conceived by international efforts as characteristics which are ascribed to girls as norms for behaviour. In particular, the analysis in Gender Trouble Makers focuses on the social constructions of gender and the ways in which gender was reinforced and maintained through a case study in rural Nepal. In developing countries like Nepal, promoting access to and participation in existing formal education programme is clearly necessary, but it is not, in itself, sufficient to transform gender power relations in the broader society. When gender is properly addressed as a process, then all stakeholders involved - researchers, governmental officials, and community members - can begin to understand and devise more effective ways to increase both girl and boy students’ enrollment, participation, and success in school.

Nobody Passes

Nobody Passes

Rejecting the Rules of Gender and Conformity

  • Author: Matt Bernstein Sycamore
  • Publisher: Seal Press
  • ISBN: 078675057X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2234
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Nobody Passes is a collection of essays that confronts and challenges the very notion of belonging. By examining the perilous intersections of identity, categorization, and community, contributors challenge societal mores and countercultural norms. Nobody Passes explores and critiques the various systems of power seen (or not seen) in the act of “passing.” In a pass-fail situation, standards for acceptance may vary, but somebody always gets trampled on. This anthology seeks to eliminate the pressure to pass and thereby unearth the delicious and devastating opportunities for transformation that might create. Mattilda, aka Matt Bernstein Sycamore, has a history of editing anthologies based on brazen nonconformity and gender defiance. Mattilda sets out to ask the question, “What lies are people forced to tell in order to gain acceptance as 'real'.” The answers are as varied as the life experiences of the writers who tackle this urgent and essential topic.

Sexing the Body

Sexing the Body

Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality

  • Author: Anne Fausto-Sterling
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0786724331
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 5497
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Why do some people prefer heterosexual love while others fancy the same sex? Is sexual identity biologically determined or a product of convention? In this brilliant and provocative book, the acclaimed author of Myths of Gender argues that even the most fundamental knowledge about sex is shaped by the culture in which scientific knowledge is produced.Drawing on astonishing real-life cases and a probing analysis of centuries of scientific research, Fausto-Sterling demonstrates how scientists have historically politicized the body. In lively and impassioned prose, she breaks down three key dualisms - sex/gender, nature/nurture, and real/constructed - and asserts that individuals born as mixtures of male and female exist as one of five natural human variants and, as such, should not be forced to compromise their differences to fit a flawed societal definition of normality.

The Straight Mind and Other Essays

The Straight Mind and Other Essays

  • Author: Monique Wittig
  • Publisher: Beacon Press
  • ISBN: 9780807079171
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 110
  • View: 4087
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Presents a collection of nine political and philosophical essays by the controversial feminist theorist and founder of the modern French women's movement

Postmodern Revisionings of the Political

Postmodern Revisionings of the Political

  • Author: Anna Yeatman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317857291
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 160
  • View: 5987
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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Female Masculinity

Female Masculinity

  • Author: Judith Halberstam
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822322436
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 329
  • View: 1959
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Masculinity without men. In Female Masculinity Judith Halberstam takes aim at the protected status of male masculinity and shows that female masculinity has offered a distinct alternative to it for well over two hundred years. Providing the first full-length study on this subject, Halberstam catalogs the diversity of gender expressions among masculine women from nineteenth-century pre-lesbian practices to contemporary drag king performances. Through detailed textual readings as well as empirical research, Halberstam uncovers a hidden history of female masculinities while arguing for a more nuanced understanding of gender categories that would incorporate rather than pathologize them. She rereads Anne Lister's diaries and Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness as foundational assertions of female masculine identity. She considers the enigma of the stone butch and the politics surrounding butch/femme roles within lesbian communities. She also explores issues of transsexuality among "transgender dykes"--lesbians who pass as men--and female-to-male transsexuals who may find the label of "lesbian" a temporary refuge. Halberstam also tackles such topics as women and boxing, butches in Hollywood and independent cinema, and the phenomenon of male impersonators. Female Masculinity signals a new understanding of masculine behaviors and identities, and a new direction in interdisciplinary queer scholarship. Illustrated with nearly forty photographs, including portraits, film stills, and drag king performance shots, this book provides an extensive record of the wide range of female masculinities. And as Halberstam clearly demonstrates, female masculinity is not some bad imitation of virility, but a lively and dramatic staging of hybrid and minority genders.

Subjects of Desire

Subjects of Desire

Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-Century France

  • Author: Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231501420
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6869
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This classic work by one of the most important philosophers and critics of our time charts the genesis and trajectory of the desiring subject from Hegel's formulation in Phenomenology of Spirit to its appropriation by Kojève, Hyppolite, Sartre, Lacan, Deleuze, and Foucault. Judith Butler plots the French reception of Hegel and the successive challenges waged against his metaphysics and view of the subject, all while revealing ambiguities within his position. The result is a sophisticated reconsideration of the post-Hegelian tradition that has predominated in modern French thought, and her study remains a provocative and timely intervention in contemporary debates over the unconscious, the powers of subjection, and the subject.

Gender Trouble

Gender Trouble

  • Author: Judith Butler
  • Publisher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9781428815629
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 49
  • View: 5754
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Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780415924993 .

Language, Gender and Feminism

Language, Gender and Feminism

Theory, Methodology and Practice

  • Author: Sara Mills,Louise Mullany
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1136708766
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9503
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Language, Gender and Feminism introduces students to key theoretical perspectives, methodology and analytical frameworks in the field of feminist linguistic analysis, providing readers with a comprehensive survey of the current state of the field.

The Metaphysics of Gender

The Metaphysics of Gender

  • Author: Charlotte Witt
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0199740410
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 153
  • View: 1015
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The Metaphysics of Gender is a book about gender essentialism: What it is and why it might be true. It opens with the question: What is gender essentialism? The first chapter distinguishes between essentialism about kinds of individuals (e.g. women and men as groups) and essentialism about individuals (e.g. you and me). Successivechapters introduce the ingredients for a theory of gender essentialism about individuals, called uniessentialism. Gender uniessentialism claims that a social individual's gender is uniessential to that individual. It is modeled on Aristotle's essentialism in which the form or essence of an individual is the principle of unity of that individual. For example, the form or essence of an artifact, like a house, is what unifies the material parts of the house into a new individual (over and above a sum of parts). Since an individual's gender is a social role (or set of social norms), the kind of unity in question is not the unity of material parts, as it is in the artifact example. Instead, the central claim of gender uniessentialism is that an individual's gender provides that individual with a principle of normative unity-a principle that orders and organizes all of that individual's other social roles. An important ingredient in gender uniessentialism concerns exactly which individuals are at issue-human organisms, persons, or social individuals? The Metaphysics of Gender argues that a social individual's gender is uniessential to it. Gender uniessentialism expresses the centrality of gender in our lived experiences and explores the social normativity of gender in a way that is useful for feminist theory and politics.

Galatians and Gender Trouble

Galatians and Gender Trouble

Primal Androgyny and the First Century Origins of a Feminist Dilemma

  • Author: Daniel Boyarin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Androgyny (Psychology)
  • Page: 70
  • View: 7503
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Seeing Like a Feminist

Seeing Like a Feminist

  • Author: Nivedita Menon
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 8184757700
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 120
  • View: 4842
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THE WORLD THROUGH A FEMINIST LENS For Nivedita Menon, feminism is not about a moment of final triumph over patriarchy but about the gradual transformation of the social field so decisively that old markers shift forever. From sexual harassment charges against international figures to the challenge that caste politics poses to feminism, from the ban on the veil in France to the attempt to impose skirts on international women badminton players, from queer politics to domestic servants’ unions to the Pink Chaddi campaign, Menon deftly illustrates how feminism complicates the field irrevocably. Incisive, eclectic and politically engaged, Seeing like a Feminist is a bold and wide-ranging book that reorders contemporary society.

Feminists Theorize the Political

Feminists Theorize the Political

  • Author: Judith Butler,Joan W. Scott
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113576963X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 2949
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First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Butler Matters

Butler Matters

Judith Butler's Impact on Feminist and Queer Studies

  • Author: Warren J. Blumenfeld
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351953982
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 240
  • View: 1495
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Since the 1990 publication of Gender Trouble, Judith Butler has had a profound influence on how we understand gender and sexuality, corporeal politics, and political action both within and outside the academy. This collection, which considers not only Gender Trouble but also Bodies That Matter, Excitable Speech, and The Psychic Life of Power, attests to the enormous impact Butler's work has had across disciplines. In analyzing Butler's theories, the contributors demonstrate their relevance to a wide range of topics and fields, including activism, archaeology, film, literature, pedagogy, and theory. Included is a two-part interview with Judith Butler herself, in which she responds to questions about queer theory, the relationship between her work and that of other gender theorists, and the political impact of her ideas. In addition to the editors, contributors include Edwina Barvosa-Carter, Robert Alan Brookey, Kirsten Campbell, Angela Failler, Belinda Johnston, Rosemary A. Joyce, Vicki Kirby, Diane Helene Miller, Mena Mitrano, Elizabeth M. Perry, Frederick S. Roden, and Natalie Wilson.