Search Results for "geographic-information-systems-and-science"

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Geographic Information Systems and Science

  • Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470721448
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 560
  • View: 2593
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The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS

Geographic information systems and science

Geographic information systems and science

  • Author: Paul Longley
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • ISBN: 9780471892755
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 454
  • View: 7786
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Geographic Information Systems and Science is a landmark in the evolution of GIS. It is a book that captures and redefines the richness and diversity of GIS, in an accessible form. It presents a clearly-defined path to a world of learning about GIS, using the Internet and closely-couples reference sources. It is richly produced and illustrated unlike any other in the field, with over 300 full color illustrations. Geographic Information Systems and Science is unique in several ways. It presents comprehensive treatments of: *Geographic Information Science - the scientific context to GIS, technical content and geographic implications *The real value of GIS - illustrated using real world applications. Treatments emphasize operational, tactical and strategic issues *The impact of Internet GIS on interdisciplinary science and society *The pivotal role of GIS as a business driver in the information age - including the role of GIS as a business asset and the operational dynamics of its use in practice The book is the first to provide a gateway to Internet-based classroom and distance learning. A series of modules of the ESRI Virtual Campus have been specially written around the material in this book, and detailed learning guides identify other on-line sources. Additional free supplementary reference material is available through a Web site dedicated to the book Contents The book begins by developing the themes of GI Systems and GI Science, and illustrates the practical value of GIS through real case studies. The major parts then consider: *GIS Principles *GIS Techniques *GIS Practice A concluding section anticipates the future of GIS and prospects for the people who use it. This book is suitable for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates taking courses in GIS within departments of Geography, Environmental Science, Forestry, Business Studies and Economics, Computer Science, Information Technology, Planning, and Archaeology. It is also suitable as a foundation course taught in M.Sc. and other higher degree programs. Its user-friendly format is designed to appeal to professionals working for federal, state and local organizations. Paul A. Longley - University College London,UK David J. Maguire - ESRI, Redlands CA, USA Michael F. Goodchild - University of California, Santa Barbara, USA David W. Rhind - City University, London, UK

Geographic Information Science and Systems

Geographic Information Science and Systems

  • Author: Paul A. Longley,Michael F. Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118676955
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 477
  • View: 9544
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"Effective use of today's powerful GIS technology requires an understanding of the science of problem-solving that underpins it. Since the first edition published over a decade ago, this book has led the way, with its focus on the scientific principles that support GIS usage. It has also provided thorough, upto- date coverage of GIS procedures, techniques and public policy applications. This unique combination of science, technology and practical problem solving has made this book a best-seller across a broad spectrum of disciplines. This fully updated 4th edition continues to deliver on these strengths"--

Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

  • Author: Fahui Wang
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1591404533
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 345
  • View: 9142
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Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence. Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.

Geographical Information Systems

Geographical Information Systems

Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications

  • Author: Paul Longley
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780471735458
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 358
  • View: 4882
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This book provides a crucial background on basic GIS concepts and addresses the radical shifts and changes that have taken place in GIS technology, and its uses.

Geographic Information Systems in Business

Geographic Information Systems in Business

  • Author: Pick, James
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1591404010
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 414
  • View: 3242
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This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.

Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information Systems

A Concise Handbook of Spatial Data Handling, Representation, and Computation

  • Author: Steven A. Roberts,Colin Robertson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780199003631
  • Category: Geographic information systems
  • Page: 392
  • View: 6474
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Adopting a critical approach and highlighting many of the common research challenges of the field, this text helps students understand how GIS enables the digital representation of Earth's forms, patterns, and processes. Designed for users already familiar with GIS, this concise handbookinvites students to think broadly about the assumptions embedded in GIS practice today.

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

  • Author: Chris B. Jones
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317900251
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 6869
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A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

  • Author: Keith C. Clarke,Bradley O. Parks,Michael P. Crane
  • Publisher: Pearson College Division
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 5383
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This book provides readers with the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available. Topics covered include modeling frameworks, paradigms and approaches; model development, calibration and validation; dynamic systems modeling and four-dimensional GIS; and more. Includes case studies in GIS/EM. This book is intended for readers interested in advanced Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

  • Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0203484738
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3539
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Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

  • Author: Vasilis D. Valavanis
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0203303180
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 209
  • View: 3763
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Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications. This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks. Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

Collaborative Geographic Information Systems

Collaborative Geographic Information Systems

  • Author: Balram, Shivanand
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1591408474
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 364
  • View: 5990
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"This book provides a comprehensive treatment of collaborative GIS focusing on system design, group spatial planning and mapping; modeling, decision support, and visualization; and internet and wireless applications"--Provided by publisher.

GIS and Spatial Analysis in Veterinary Science

GIS and Spatial Analysis in Veterinary Science

  • Author: P. A. Durr,Anthony C. Gatrell
  • Publisher: CABI
  • ISBN: 9780851990460
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 8985
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The use of geographical information systems (including remote sensing) and spatial analysis in public health is now widespread. Its importance and potential for the monitoring of animal diseases has never been greater with the recent outbreaks of BSE and Foot-and-Mouth Disease. GIS and Spatial Analysis in Veterinary Science is the first book to review how such practices can be applied to veterinary science. Topics covered include the application of GIS to epidemic disease response, to companion animal epidemiology and to the management of wildlife diseases. It also covers the parallels with human health and spatial statistics in the biomedical sciences.

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences

Investigating Space and Place

  • Author: Steven J. Steinberg,Sheila L. Steinberg
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761928737
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 577
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Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

Geographical Information Systems: Principles and technical issues

Geographical Information Systems: Principles and technical issues

  • Author: Paul Longley
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • ISBN: 9780471331322
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 580
  • View: 4039
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Volume 1.

Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information Systems

An Introduction

  • Author: Tor Bernhardsen
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780471419686
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 428
  • View: 5998
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"If we are to solve many of the problems facing us-in the cities, in the wild areas of the earth, in the atmosphere, and the oceans-we shall need the help of skilled users of GIS technology. If readers can master what is in this volume, they will be well started on this enterprise." -From the Foreword by Jack Dangermond President of ESRI Praise for previous editions: "One of only a small number of texts devoted to the technology of GIS that are truly introductory in nature. . . . Very readable and of moderate length. Those who are real novices to GIS will find this one attractive." -Computers and Geosciences "Well-rendered and very clear line drawings . . . well written, with a well-balanced blend of technical/theoretical concepts and more applied facts of GIS." -Professional Geographer Geographic Information Systems provides a practical, theory-driven overview of GIS that is supported with clear coverage of basic techniques. This treatment enables readers to understand the broad aspects of GIS without focusing on a specific software or discipline, such as engineering or geography. New features of this Third Edition include: up-to-date information on standardization efforts aimed at facilitating the exchange of ideas and data; technical content that is up to date with current hardware, software, database design, and analytical techniques; and comprehensive cost/benefit guidelines for choosing and evaluating a GIS, including coverage of organizational and technical issues. Complete with extensive references and links to online resources, Geographic Information Systems, Third Edition, is an exceptional resource for students of GIS, planning, land use, natural resources, civil and environmental engineering, real estate, and wildlife biology.

Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Principles and Applications

  • Author: Harvey J. Miller,Shih-Lung Shaw,Associate Professor of Geography Shih-Lung Shaw
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780195123944
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 458
  • View: 5633
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GIS data and tools are revolutionizing transportation research and decision making, allowing transportation analysts and professionals to understand and solve complex transportation problems that were previously impossible. Here, Miller and Shaw present a comprehensive discussion of fundamental geographic science and the applications of these principles using GIS and other software tools. By providing thorough and accessible discussions of transportation analysis within a GIS environment, this volume fills a critical niche in GIS-T and GIS literature.

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

  • Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780748402083
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 5199
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Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.

Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems

Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems

Towards the Digital Ocean

  • Author: Vasily Popovich,Christophe Claramunt,Thomas Devogele,Manfred Schrenk,Kyrill Korolenko
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642197666
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 180
  • View: 9077
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The Workshop Proceedings reflect problems of advanced geo-information science as far as they are specifically concerned with the maritime environment at large. The Proceedings incorporate papers presented by leading scientists researching in the considered professional area and by practitioners engaged in GIS and GIS applications development. They pay close attention to the problems of scientific and technological innovations and the ensuing opportunities to make seas safer and cleaner. Furthermore, they periodically measure the ground covered and new challenges with respect to economic and shipping trends as related to Artificial Intelligence; GIS ontologies; GIS data integration and modelling; Underwater acoustics; GIS data fusion; GIS and corporate information systems; GIS and real-time monitoring systems; GIS algorithms and computational issues; Novel and emerging marine GIS research areas; Monitoring of maritime terrorist threat; Maritime and environmental GIS; Navigation-based and maritime transportation GIS; Human factors in maritime GIS; Coastal and environmental GIS.

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

  • Author: Michael Goodchild,Max J. Egenhofer,Robin Fegeas,Cliff Kottman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461551897
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 509
  • View: 8941
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Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.