Search Results for "geometric-analysis-cambridge-studies-in-advanced-mathematics"

Geometric Analysis

Geometric Analysis

  • Author: Peter Li
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107020646
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 406
  • View: 6954
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Basic techniques for researchers interested in the field of geometric analysis.

Sets of Finite Perimeter and Geometric Variational Problems

Sets of Finite Perimeter and Geometric Variational Problems

An Introduction to Geometric Measure Theory

  • Author: Francesco Maggi
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107021030
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 454
  • View: 742
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An engaging graduate-level introduction that bridges analysis and geometry. Suitable for self-study and a useful reference for researchers.

Riemannian Geometry

Riemannian Geometry

A Modern Introduction

  • Author: Isaac Chavel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139452576
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5493
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This book provides an introduction to Riemannian geometry, the geometry of curved spaces, for use in a graduate course. Requiring only an understanding of differentiable manifolds, the author covers the introductory ideas of Riemannian geometry followed by a selection of more specialized topics. Also featured are Notes and Exercises for each chapter, to develop and enrich the reader's appreciation of the subject. This second edition, first published in 2006, has a clearer treatment of many topics than the first edition, with new proofs of some theorems and a new chapter on the Riemannian geometry of surfaces. The main themes here are the effect of the curvature on the usual notions of classical Euclidean geometry, and the new notions and ideas motivated by curvature itself. Completely new themes created by curvature include the classical Rauch comparison theorem and its consequences in geometry and topology, and the interaction of microscopic behavior of the geometry with the macroscopic structure of the space.

Geometry of Sets and Measures in Euclidean Spaces

Geometry of Sets and Measures in Euclidean Spaces

Fractals and Rectifiability

  • Author: Pertti Mattila
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316583694
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6148
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Now in paperback, the main theme of this book is the study of geometric properties of general sets and measures in euclidean spaces. Applications of this theory include fractal-type objects such as strange attractors for dynamical systems and those fractals used as models in the sciences. The author provides a firm and unified foundation and develops all the necessary main tools, such as covering theorems, Hausdorff measures and their relations to Riesz capacities and Fourier transforms. The last third of the book is devoted to the Beisovich-Federer theory of rectifiable sets, which form in a sense the largest class of subsets of euclidean space posessing many of the properties of smooth surfaces. These sets have wide application including the higher-dimensional calculus of variations. Their relations to complex analysis and singular integrals are also studied. Essentially self-contained, this book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in mathematics.

Lectures on Arakelov Geometry

Lectures on Arakelov Geometry

  • Author: C. Soulé,D. Abramovich,J. F. Burnol
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521477093
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 177
  • View: 9304
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Arakelov theory is a new geometric approach to diophantine equations. It combines algebraic geometry, in the sense of Grothendieck, with refined analytic tools such as currents on complex manifolds and the spectrum of Laplace operators. It has been used by Faltings and Vojta in their proofs of outstanding conjectures in diophantine geometry. This account presents the work of Gillet and Soulé, extending Arakelov geometry to higher dimensions. It includes a proof of Serre's conjecture on intersection multiplicities and an arithmetic Riemann-Roch theorem. To aid number theorists, background material on differential geometry is described, but techniques from algebra and analysis are covered as well. Several open problems and research themes are also mentioned.

Fractals in Probability and Analysis

Fractals in Probability and Analysis

  • Author: Christopher J. Bishop,Yuval Peres
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316867463
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9449
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This is a mathematically rigorous introduction to fractals which emphasizes examples and fundamental ideas. Building up from basic techniques of geometric measure theory and probability, central topics such as Hausdorff dimension, self-similar sets and Brownian motion are introduced, as are more specialized topics, including Kakeya sets, capacity, percolation on trees and the traveling salesman theorem. The broad range of techniques presented enables key ideas to be highlighted, without the distraction of excessive technicalities. The authors incorporate some novel proofs which are simpler than those available elsewhere. Where possible, chapters are designed to be read independently so the book can be used to teach a variety of courses, with the clear structure offering students an accessible route into the topic.

A Primer of Nonlinear Analysis

A Primer of Nonlinear Analysis

  • Author: Antonio Ambrosetti,Giovanni Prodi
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521485739
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 171
  • View: 2843
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This is an elementary and self-contained introduction to nonlinear functional analysis and its applications, especially in bifurcation theory.

Analysis on Lie Groups

Analysis on Lie Groups

An Introduction

  • Author: Jacques Faraut
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139471473
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3094
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The subject of analysis on Lie groups comprises an eclectic group of topics which can be treated from many different perspectives. This self-contained text concentrates on the perspective of analysis, to the topics and methods of non-commutative harmonic analysis, assuming only elementary knowledge of linear algebra and basic differential calculus. The author avoids unessential technical discussions and instead describes in detail many interesting examples, including formulae which have not previously appeared in book form. Topics covered include the Haar measure and invariant integration, spherical harmonics, Fourier analysis and the heat equation, Poisson kernel, the Laplace equation and harmonic functions. Perfect for advanced undergraduates and graduates in geometric analysis, harmonic analysis and representation theory, the tools developed will also be useful for specialists in stochastic calculation and the statisticians. With numerous exercises and worked examples, the text is ideal for a graduate course on analysis on Lie groups.

Fourier Analysis and Hausdorff Dimension

Fourier Analysis and Hausdorff Dimension

  • Author: Pertti Mattila
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316352528
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6872
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During the past two decades there has been active interplay between geometric measure theory and Fourier analysis. This book describes part of that development, concentrating on the relationship between the Fourier transform and Hausdorff dimension. The main topics concern applications of the Fourier transform to geometric problems involving Hausdorff dimension, such as Marstrand type projection theorems and Falconer's distance set problem, and the role of Hausdorff dimension in modern Fourier analysis, especially in Kakeya methods and Fourier restriction phenomena. The discussion includes both classical results and recent developments in the area. The author emphasises partial results of important open problems, for example, Falconer's distance set conjecture, the Kakeya conjecture and the Fourier restriction conjecture. Essentially self-contained, this book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in mathematics.

Hodge Theory and Complex Algebraic Geometry I:

Hodge Theory and Complex Algebraic Geometry I:

  • Author: Claire Voisin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139437691
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9751
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The first of two volumes offering a modern introduction to Kaehlerian geometry and Hodge structure. The book starts with basic material on complex variables, complex manifolds, holomorphic vector bundles, sheaves and cohomology theory, the latter being treated in a more theoretical way than is usual in geometry. The author then proves the Kaehler identities, which leads to the hard Lefschetz theorem and the Hodge index theorem. The book culminates with the Hodge decomposition theorem. The meanings of these results are investigated in several directions. Completely self-contained, the book is ideal for students, while its content gives an account of Hodge theory and complex algebraic geometry as has been developed by P. Griffiths and his school, by P. Deligne, and by S. Bloch. The text is complemented by exercises which provide useful results in complex algebraic geometry.

An Introduction to Contact Topology

An Introduction to Contact Topology

  • Author: Hansjörg Geiges
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139467956
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4359
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This text on contact topology is a comprehensive introduction to the subject, including recent striking applications in geometric and differential topology: Eliashberg's proof of Cerf's theorem via the classification of tight contact structures on the 3-sphere, and the Kronheimer-Mrowka proof of property P for knots via symplectic fillings of contact 3-manifolds. Starting with the basic differential topology of contact manifolds, all aspects of 3-dimensional contact manifolds are treated in this book. One notable feature is a detailed exposition of Eliashberg's classification of overtwisted contact structures. Later chapters also deal with higher-dimensional contact topology. Here the focus is on contact surgery, but other constructions of contact manifolds are described, such as open books or fibre connected sums. This book serves both as a self-contained introduction to the subject for advanced graduate students and as a reference for researchers.

Riemannian Geometry and Geometric Analysis

Riemannian Geometry and Geometric Analysis

  • Author: Jürgen Jost
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319618601
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 697
  • View: 1977
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This established reference work continues to provide its readers with a gateway to some of the most interesting developments in contemporary geometry. It offers insight into a wide range of topics, including fundamental concepts of Riemannian geometry, such as geodesics, connections and curvature; the basic models and tools of geometric analysis, such as harmonic functions, forms, mappings, eigenvalues, the Dirac operator and the heat flow method; as well as the most important variational principles of theoretical physics, such as Yang-Mills, Ginzburg-Landau or the nonlinear sigma model of quantum field theory. The present volume connects all these topics in a systematic geometric framework. At the same time, it equips the reader with the working tools of the field and enables her or him to delve into geometric research. The 7th edition has been systematically reorganized and updated. Almost no page has been left unchanged. It also includes new material, for instance on symplectic geometry, as well as the Bishop-Gromov volume growth theorem which elucidates the geometric role of Ricci curvature. From the reviews:“This book provides a very readable introduction to Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis... With the vast development of the mathematical subject of geometric analysis, the present textbook is most welcome.” Mathematical Reviews “For readers familiar with the basics of differential geometry and some acquaintance with modern analysis, the book is reasonably self-contained. The book succeeds very well in laying out the foundations of modern Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis. It introduces a number of key techniques and provides a representative overview of the field.” Monatshefte für Mathematik

Ultrametric Calculus

Ultrametric Calculus

An Introduction to P-Adic Analysis

  • Author: W. H. Schikhof
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521032873
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4726
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This is an introduction to p-adic analysis which is elementary yet complete and which displays the variety of applications of the subject. Dr Schikhof is able to point out and explain how p-adic and 'real' analysis differ. This approach guarantees the reader quickly becomes acquainted with this equally 'real' analysis and appreciates its relevance. The reader's understanding is enhanced and deepened by the large number of exercises included throughout; these both test the reader's grasp and extend the text in interesting directions. As a consequence, this book will become a standard reference for professionals (especially in p-adic analysis, number theory and algebraic geometry) and will be welcomed as a textbook for advanced students of mathematics familiar with algebra and analysis.

A User's Guide to Spectral Sequences

A User's Guide to Spectral Sequences

  • Author: John McCleary
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521567596
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 561
  • View: 1379
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Spectral sequences are among the most elegant and powerful methods of computation in mathematics. This book describes some of the most important examples of spectral sequences and some of their most spectacular applications. The first part treats the algebraic foundations for this sort of homological algebra, starting from informal calculations. The heart of the text is an exposition of the classical examples from homotopy theory, with chapters on the Leray-Serre spectral sequence, the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence, the Adams spectral sequence, and, in this new edition, the Bockstein spectral sequence. The last part of the book treats applications throughout mathematics, including the theory of knots and links, algebraic geometry, differential geometry and algebra. This is an excellent reference for students and researchers in geometry, topology, and algebra.

Classical and Multilinear Harmonic Analysis

Classical and Multilinear Harmonic Analysis

  • Author: Camil Muscalu,Wilhelm Schlag
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521882451
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 387
  • View: 5627
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"This two-volume text in harmonic analysis introduces a wealth of analytical results and techniques. It is largely self-contained, and will be useful to graduate students and researchers in both pure and applied analysis. Numerous exercises and problems make the text suitable for self-study and the classroom alike. This first volume starts with classical one-dimensional topics: Fourier series; harmonic functions; Hilbert transform. Then the higher-dimensional Calderâon-Zygmund and Littlewood-Paley theories are developed. Probabilistic methods and their applications are discussed, as are applications of harmonic analysis to partial differential equations. The volume concludes with an introduction to the Weyl calculus. The second volume goes beyond the classical to the highly contemporary, and focuses on multilinear aspects of harmonic analysis: the bilinear Hilbert transform; Coifman-Meyer theory; Carleson's resolution of the Lusin conjecture; Calderâon's commutators and the Cauchy integral on Lipschitz curves. The material in this volume has not previously appeared together in book form"--

The Geometry of Four-manifolds

The Geometry of Four-manifolds

  • Author: S. K. Donaldson,P. B. Kronheimer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198502692
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 440
  • View: 483
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This book provides the first lucid and accessible account to the modern study of the geometry of four-manifolds. It has become required reading for postgraduates and research workers whose research touches on this topic. Pre-requisites are a firm grounding in differential topology, and geometry as may be gained from the first year of a graduate course. The subject matter of this book is the most significant breakthrough in mathematics of the last fifty years, and Professor Donaldson won a Fields medal for his work in the area. The authors start from the standpoint that the fundamental group and intersection form of a four-manifold provides information about its homology and characteristic classes, but little of its differential topology. It turns out that the classification up to diffeomorphism of four-manifolds is very different from the classification of unimodular forms and that the study of this question leads naturally to the new Donaldson invariants of four-manifolds. A central theme of this book is that the appropriate geometrical tools for investigating these questions come from mathematical physics: the Yang-Mills theory and anti-self dual connections over four-manifolds. One of the many consquences of this theory is that 'exotic' smooth manifolds exist which are homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to (4, and that large classes of forms cannot be realized as intersection forms whereas distinct manifolds may share the same form. These result have hadfar-reaching consequences in algebraic geometry, topology, and mathematical physics, and will continue to be a mainspring of mathematical research for years to come.

Complex Topological K-Theory

Complex Topological K-Theory

  • Author: Efton Park
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139469746
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
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Topological K-theory is a key tool in topology, differential geometry and index theory, yet this is the first contemporary introduction for graduate students new to the subject. No background in algebraic topology is assumed; the reader need only have taken the standard first courses in real analysis, abstract algebra, and point-set topology. The book begins with a detailed discussion of vector bundles and related algebraic notions, followed by the definition of K-theory and proofs of the most important theorems in the subject, such as the Bott periodicity theorem and the Thom isomorphism theorem. The multiplicative structure of K-theory and the Adams operations are also discussed and the final chapter details the construction and computation of characteristic classes. With every important aspect of the topic covered, and exercises at the end of each chapter, this is the definitive book for a first course in topological K-theory.

Geometry and Complexity Theory

Geometry and Complexity Theory

  • Author: J. M. Landsberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110819141X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 514
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Two central problems in computer science are P vs NP and the complexity of matrix multiplication. The first is also a leading candidate for the greatest unsolved problem in mathematics. The second is of enormous practical and theoretical importance. Algebraic geometry and representation theory provide fertile ground for advancing work on these problems and others in complexity. This introduction to algebraic complexity theory for graduate students and researchers in computer science and mathematics features concrete examples that demonstrate the application of geometric techniques to real world problems. Written by a noted expert in the field, it offers numerous open questions to motivate future research. Complexity theory has rejuvenated classical geometric questions and brought different areas of mathematics together in new ways. This book will show the beautiful, interesting, and important questions that have arisen as a result.

Representation Theory

Representation Theory

A Combinatorial Viewpoint

  • Author: Amritanshu Prasad
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316222705
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 191
  • View: 5977
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This book discusses the representation theory of symmetric groups, the theory of symmetric functions and the polynomial representation theory of general linear groups. The first chapter provides a detailed account of necessary representation-theoretic background. An important highlight of this book is an innovative treatment of the Robinson–Schensted–Knuth correspondence and its dual by extending Viennot's geometric ideas. Another unique feature is an exposition of the relationship between these correspondences, the representation theory of symmetric groups and alternating groups and the theory of symmetric functions. Schur algebras are introduced very naturally as algebras of distributions on general linear groups. The treatment of Schur–Weyl duality reveals the directness and simplicity of Schur's original treatment of the subject. In addition, each exercise is assigned a difficulty level to test readers' learning. Solutions and hints to most of the exercises are provided at the end.

Advanced Problems in Mathematics

Advanced Problems in Mathematics

Preparing for University

  • Author: Stephen Siklos
  • Publisher: Open Book Publishers
  • ISBN: 1783741449
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 186
  • View: 9096
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This book is intended to help students prepare for entrance examinations in mathematics and scientific subjects, including STEP (Sixth Term Examination Papers). STEP examinations are used by Cambridge colleges as the basis for conditional offers in mathematics and sometimes in other mathematics-related subjects. They are also used by Warwick University, and many other mathematics departments recommend that their applicants practice on past papers to become accustomed to university-style mathematics. Advanced Problems in Mathematics is recommended as preparation for any undergraduate mathematics course, even for students who do not plan to take the Sixth Term Examination Paper. The questions analysed in this book are all based on recent STEP questions selected to address the syllabus for Papers I and II, which is the A-level core (i.e. C1 to C4) with a few additions. Each question is followed by a comment and a full solution. The comments direct the reader’s attention to key points and put the question in its true mathematical context. The solutions point students to the methodology required to address advanced mathematical problems critically and independently. This book is a must read for any student wishing to apply to scientific subjects at university level and for anybody interested in advanced mathematics.