Search Results for "germans-in-the-new-world"

Germans in the New World

Germans in the New World

Essays in the History of Immigration

  • Author: Frederick C. Luebke
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252068478
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 198
  • View: 3791
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Provides history of German immigrants in the United States and Brazil that ranges from institutional and state history to comparative studies on an intercontinental scale. This book offers both a record of an individual odyssey within immigration history and a statement about the need for thoughtful reflections on the field.

Germany in Central America

Germany in Central America

Competitive Imperialism, 1821-1929

  • Author: Thomas Schoonover
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • ISBN: 0817354131
  • Category: History
  • Page: 334
  • View: 1916
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Using previously untapped resources including private collections, the records of cultural institutions, and federal and state government archives, Schoonover analyzes the German role in Central American domestic and international relations. Of the four countries most active in independent Central America-Britain, the United States, France, and Germany- historians know the least about the full extent of the involvement of the Germans. German colonial expansion was based on its position as an industrialized state seeking economic well-being and security in a growing world market. German leaders were quick to recognize that ties to the cheap labor of overseas countries could compensate for some of the costs and burdens of conceding material and social privileges to their domestic labor force. The Central American societies possessed limited resource bases; smaller and poorly educated populations; and less capital, communications, and technological development than Germany. They saw the borrowing of development as a key to their social, economic, and political progress. Wary Central American leaders also saw the influx of German industrialists as assurance against excessive U.S. presence in their political economies and cultures. Although the simplistic bargain to trade economic development for cheap labor appeared to succeed in the short term, complex issues of German domestic unemployment and social disorder filtered to Central American countries and added to their own burdens. By 1929, Germany had recovered most of its pre-World War I economic position.

Architecture and Artifacts of the Pennsylvania Germans: Constructing Identity in Early America

Architecture and Artifacts of the Pennsylvania Germans: Constructing Identity in Early America

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 9780271047430
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8510
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Die deutsche Präsenz in den USA

Die deutsche Präsenz in den USA

  • Author: Josef Raab,Jan Wirrer
  • Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
  • ISBN: 3825800393
  • Category: History
  • Page: 848
  • View: 6444
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Whereas the cultural and political influence of the U.S. on Europe and Germany has been researched extensively, the impact of more than 6 million German immigrants on U.S.-American history and culture has received far less scholarly attention. Therefore this volume addresses a wide range of areas in which a German presence has been manifesting itself in the U.S. for more than three centuries. Among the disciplines involved in this broad analysis are linguistics, literary studies, history, economics, musicology as well as media studies and cultural studies.

Germany and the Americas

Germany and the Americas

Culture, Politics, and History : a Multidisciplinary Encyclopedia

  • Author: Thomas Adam
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1851096280
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1307
  • View: 9291
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This comprehensive encyclopedia details the close ties between the German-speaking world and the Americas, examining the extensive Germanic cultural and political legacy in the nations of the New World and the equally substantial influence of the Americas on the Germanic nations. * Individual articles cover all facets of German-American relations, complete with extensive end-of-entry references * Extensive and wide-ranging illustrations feature pictures of figures from Babe Ruth to Alexander von Humboldt

A Mixed Race

A Mixed Race

Ethnicity in Early America

  • Author: Frank Shuffelton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780195360561
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 296
  • View: 5315
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This collection of new essays enters one of the most topical and energetic debates of our time--the subject of ethnicity. The recent vigorous debates being waged over questions raised by the phenomenon of multiculturalism in America highlight the fact that American culture has arisen out of an unusually rich and interactive ethnic mix. The essays in A Mixed Race suggest that American society was inescapably multicultural from its very beginnings and that this representation of cultural differences fundamentally defined American culture. While recent scholarship has looked extensively at the ethnic formation of modern American culture, this study focuses on the eighteenth century and colonial American values that have been previously overlooked in the debate, arguing that a culture shaped by responses to ethnic and racial difference is not merely a modern circumstance but one at the base of American history. Written by a group of first-class contributors, the essays in this collection discuss the representation of cultural differences between European immigrants and Native Americans, the circumstances of the first African-American autobiographical narratives, rhetorical negotiations among different European-American cultural groups, ethnic representation in the genre literature of jest books and execution narratives, and the ethnic conceptions of Michel de Crevecoeur, Phillis Wheatley, and Thomas Jefferson. A Mixed Race offers agile and original yet scholarly readings of ethnicity and ethnic formation from some of our best critics of early American culture. Moving from questions of race and ethnicity to varieties of ethnic representation, and finally to individual confrontations, this volume sheds light on the confrontations of ethnically diverse peoples, and launches a timely, full-scale investigation of the construction of American culture.

The German Urban Experience

The German Urban Experience

Modernity and Crisis, 1900-1945

  • Author: Anthony McElligott
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136162364
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7998
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By the 1930s over two-thirds of Germans lived in towns and cities, and those who did not found themselves inexorably affected by the ever-growing urban vortex. The German Urban Experience 1900 - 1945 surveys the social and cultural history of Germany in this crucial period through written, visual and oral sources. Focusing on urbanism as one of the major forces of change, this book presents a wide range of archive sources, many available for the first time, as well as film scenes, literature and art. Exploring the German experience of 'urbanism as a way of life' in cities from Berlin and Dresden to Hamburg and Leipzig, this book discusses: the concept of the urban experience the development of urban infrastructure and transport the social conditions of the urban poor health and the effects of the city on the body production and commerce in German cities the city as a challenge to traditional gender hierarchies

Schoenberg's New World

Schoenberg's New World

The American Years

  • Author: Sabine Feisst
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199792631
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 400
  • View: 7543
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Arnold Schoenberg was a polarizing figure in twentieth century music, and his works and ideas have had considerable and lasting impact on Western musical life. A refugee from Nazi Europe, he spent an important part of his creative life in the United States (1933-1951), where he produced a rich variety of works and distinguished himself as an influential teacher. However, while his European career has received much scholarly attention, surprisingly little has been written about the genesis and context of his works composed in America, his interactions with Americans and other ?migr?s, and the substantial, complex, and fascinating performance and reception history of his music in this country. Author Sabine Feisst illuminates Schoenberg's legacy and sheds a corrective light on a variety of myths about his sojourn. Looking at the first American performances of his works and the dissemination of his ideas among American composers in the 1910s, 1920s and early 1930s, she convincingly debunks the myths surrounding Schoenberg's alleged isolation in the US. Whereas most previous accounts of his time in the US have portrayed him as unwilling to adapt to American culture, this book presents a more nuanced picture, revealing a Schoenberg who came to terms with his various national identities in his life and work. Feisst dispels lingering negative impressions about Schoenberg's teaching style by focusing on his methods themselves as well as on his powerful influence on such well-known students as John Cage, Lou Harrison, and Dika Newlin. Schoenberg's influence is not limited to those who followed immediately in his footsteps-a wide range of composers, from Stravinsky adherents to experimentalists to jazz and film composers, were equally indebted to Schoenberg, as were key figures in music theory like Milton Babbitt and David Lewin. In sum, Schoenberg's New World contributes to a new understanding of one of the most important pioneers of musical modernism.

German Pioneers on the American Frontier

German Pioneers on the American Frontier

The Wagners in Texas and Illinois

  • Author: Andreas Reichstein
  • Publisher: University of North Texas Press
  • ISBN: 9781574411348
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 303
  • View: 8845
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A case study of two brothers, Julius and Wilhelm Wagner, who immigrated to the United States from Baden, Germany. Julius immigrated as part of an early communist group, the "Darmstädters” or "Forty,” who established the utopian settlement of Bettina in 1847. His anti-slavery beliefs forced Julius to Mexico during the Civil War, but he returned to Texas after the war. His older brother Wilhelm fled Germany in 1851 as a result of his liberal political beliefs and settled in Texas. He founded a German-language newspaper when he moved to Freeport, Illinois. Using a newly discovered cache of Wagner family letters, Reichstein examines the lives of the brothers as they sought to make better futures for themselves on the new frontier. More than a narrow family history, however, German Pioneers on the American Frontier uses the individual cases of Julius and Wilhelm Wagner to examine the broader historiographical debate about assimilation and acculturation. The question it raises is whether the United States is a collection of separate immigrant cultures or whether those cultures become assimilated in the famous "melting pot.” Reichstein’s conclusion, based on the experiences of the Wagner brothers and their descendants, is that immigrants identify themselves as American through a variety of processes that are a combination of assimilation and acculturation.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

  • Author: Richard T. Schaefer
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412926947
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1622
  • View: 2000
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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

The Arts and Architecture of German Settlements in Missouri

The Arts and Architecture of German Settlements in Missouri

A Survey of a Vanishing Culture

  • Author: Charles Van Ravenswaay
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • ISBN: 9780826217004
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 539
  • View: 6605
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Many Germans who immigrated to America in the nineteenth century settled in the lower Missouri River valley between St. Charles and Boonville, Missouri. In this magnificent book, which includes some six hundred photographs and drawings, Charles van Ravenswaay examines that immigration—who came, how, and why—and surveys the distinctive Missouri-German architecture, art, and crafts produced in the towns or on the farms of the rural counties of Cooper, Cole, Osage, Gasconade, Franklin, Montgomery, Warren, and St. Charles from the 1830s until the closing years of the century. As the immigrants sought to transplant their native culture to the Missouri backwoods, the compromises they were forced to make with conditions in Missouri produced many fascinating and individualistic structures and objects. They built half-timbered, stone, and brick houses and barns with designs reflecting the traditions of the many German regions from which the builders emigrated. The author's far-reaching study of immigrants' arts and crafts included furniture in traditional peasant designs as well as the Biedermeier and eclectic styles, redware and stoneware pottery, textiles, wood and stone carving, metalwares, firearms, baskets, musical instruments, prints, and paintings and identifies craftsmen working in all of these fields. One chapter is devoted to the objects the immigrants brought with them from the Old World. Added to this new printing of The Arts and Architecture of German Settlements in Missouri is a touching and informative introduction by Adolf E. Schroeder. Schroeder's long friendship with Charles van Ravenswaay allows him to reflect on the vast contributions this author made to our knowledge of Missouri's German culture. Everyone interested in architecture, crafts, or Missouriana will find this book indispensable as they savor van Ravenswaay's excellent presentation of the craftsmen and their products against the background of the aspirations and folkways of a distinctive culture.

Americanization and Anti-Americanism

Americanization and Anti-Americanism

The German Encounter with American Culture After 1945

  • Author: Alexander Stephan
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571816733
  • Category: History
  • Page: 294
  • View: 1854
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The ongoing discussions about globalization, American hegemony and September 11 and its aftermath have moved the debate about the export of American culture and cultural anti-Americanism to center stage of world politics. At such a time, it is crucial to understand the process of culture transfer and its effects on local societies and their attitudes toward the United States. This volume presents Germany as a case study of the impact of American culture throughout a period characterized by a totalitarian system, two unusually destructive wars, massive ethnic cleansing, and economic disaster. Drawing on examples from history, culture studies, film, radio, and the arts, the authors explore the political and cultural parameters of Americanization and anti-Americanism, as reflected in the reception and rejection of American popular culture and, more generally, in European-American relations in the "American Century."

How Books Came to America

How Books Came to America

The Rise of the American Book Trade

  • Author: John Hruschka
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271050829
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 248
  • View: 1923
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Anyone who pays attention to the popular press knows that the new media will soon make books obsolete. But predicting the imminent demise of the book is nothing new. At the beginning of the twentieth century, for example, some critics predicted that the electro-mechanical phonograph would soon make books obsolete. Still, despite the challenges of a century and a half of new media, books remain popular, with Americans purchasing more than eight million books each day. In How Books Came to America, John Hruschka traces the development of the American book trade from the moment of European contact with the Americas, through the growth of regional book trades in the early English colonial cities, to the more or less unified national book trade that emerged after the American Civil War and flourished in the twentieth century. He examines the variety of technological, historical, cultural, political, and personal forces that shaped the American book trade, paying particular attention to the contributions of the German bookseller Frederick Leypoldt and his journal, Publishers Weekly. Unlike many studies of the book business, How Books Came to America is more concerned with business than it is with books. Its focus is on how books are manufactured and sold, rather than how they are written and read. It is, nevertheless, the story of the people who created and influenced the book business in the colonies and the United States. Famous names in the American book trade&—Benjamin Franklin, Robert Hoe, the Harpers, Henry Holt, and Melvil Dewey&—are joined by more obscure names like Joseph Glover, Conrad Beissel, and the aforementioned Frederick Leypoldt. Together, they made the American book trade the unique commercial institution it is today.

Republicanism and Liberalism in America and the German States, 1750-1850

Republicanism and Liberalism in America and the German States, 1750-1850

  • Author: James A. Henretta
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521800662
  • Category: History
  • Page: 309
  • View: 6833
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This book studies the similarities and differences in the understanding of Republicanism and Liberalism in America and Germany.

Sophie Discovers Amerika

Sophie Discovers Amerika

German-Speaking Women Write the New World

  • Author: Robert B. McFarland,Michelle Stott James
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
  • ISBN: 1571135863
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 312
  • View: 9914
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Cultural and literary historians investigate the unique literary bridge between German-speaking women and the "New World," examining novels, films, travel literature, poetry, erotica, and photography.

Souls for Sale

Souls for Sale

Two German Redemptioners Come to Revolutionary America : the Life Stories of John Frederick Whitehead and Johann Carl BŸttner

  • Author: Susan E. Klepp,Farley Ward Grubb,Anne Pfaelzer De Ortiz
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 9780271028828
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 272
  • View: 6582
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In 1773, John Frederick Whitehead and Johann Carl B]ttner, two young German men, arrived in America on the same ship. Each man sold himself into servitude to a different master, and, years later, each wrote a memoir of his experiences, leaving invaluable historical records of their attitudes, perceptions, and goals. Despite their common voyage to America and similar working conditions as servants, their backgrounds and personalities differed. Their divergent interpretations of their experiences are the substance of rich and varied firsthand accounts of the transatlantic migration process, the servant labor experience of Germans in colonial America, and post-servitude life. Souls for Sale presents these parallel memoirs -- Whitehead's published here for the first time -- to illustrate the condition of German redemptioners as well as their religious, familial, and literary contexts during a crucial period of migration in Europe and America. The editors provide helpful introductions to the works as well as notes to guide the reader.

Central European Jews in America, 1840-1880

Central European Jews in America, 1840-1880

Migration and Advancement

  • Author: Jeffrey S. Gurock
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415919210
  • Category: History
  • Page: 389
  • View: 9762
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Part of an eight volume set which collates articles written on the history of the Jewish people in America, this second volume charts the emergence of Central European Jews in America, especially the migration of the German Jewish and their settlement in various parts of the States. Also it includes articles on their role as financiers and investors, and gives an overview of the economic life of the American Jew in the nineteenth century.

Germany and America, 1450-1700

Germany and America, 1450-1700

Julius Friedrich Sachse's History of the German Role in the Discovery, Exploration, and Settlement of the New World

  • Author: Julius Friedrich Sachse
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 265
  • View: 1388
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Originally published: The fatherland. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania German Society, 1897.

Nazis and Good Neighbors

Nazis and Good Neighbors

The United States Campaign Against the Germans of Latin America in World War II

  • Author: Max Paul Friedman
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521822466
  • Category: History
  • Page: 359
  • View: 3817
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This international history uncovers an American security program in which Washington reached into fifteen Latin American countries to seize more than 4,000 German expatriates and intern them in the Texas desert. The crowd of Nazi Party members, antifascist exiles, and even Jewish refugees were lumped together in camps riven by strife. The book, first published in 2003, examines the evolution of governmental policy, its impact on individuals and emigrant communities, and the ideological assumptions that blinded officials in both Washington and Berlin to Latin American realities. Franklin Roosevelt's vaunted Good Neighbor policy was a victim of this effort to force reluctant Latin American governments to hand over their German residents, while the operation ruined an opportunity to rescue victims of the Holocaust. This study makes a very contemporary argument: that security measures based on group affiliation rather than individual actions are as unjust and ineffective in foreign policy as they are in law enforcement.

The Global Lincoln

The Global Lincoln

  • Author: Richard Carwardine,Jay Sexton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199831505
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 7844
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Perhaps more than any other American, Abraham Lincoln has become a global figure, one who spoke--and continues to speak--to people across the world. Karl Marx judged Lincoln "the single-minded son of the working class"; Tolstoy reported his fame in the Caucasus; Tomas Masaryk, the first president of Czechoslovakia, drew strength as "the Lincoln of Central Europe"; racially-mixed, republican "Lincoln brigades" fought in the Spanish Civil War; and, more recently, statesmen ranging from Gordon Brown to Pervez Musharraf to Barack Obama have invoked Lincoln in support of their respective agendas. This fascinating volume brings together leading historians from around the world to explore Lincoln's international legacy. The authors examine the meaning and image of Lincoln in many places and across continents, ranging from Germany to Japan, India to Ireland, Africa and Asia to Argentina and the American South. The book reveals that at the heart of Lincoln's global celebrity were his political principles, his record of successful executive leadership in wartime, his role as the "Great Emancipator," and his resolute defense of popular government. Yet the "Global Lincoln" has been a malleable and protean figure, one who is forever being redefined to meet the needs of those who invoke him. The first study of Lincoln's global legacy, this book tells the unknown and remarkable story of the world-wide impact of one of America's great presidents.