Search Results for "global-environment-water-air-and-geochemical-cycles-second-edition"

Global Environment

Global Environment

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles

  • Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner,Robert A. Berner
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691136785
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 5507
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Discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. This book offers presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering. It provides global coverage of environmental problems involving water.

Global Environment

Global Environment

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles, Second Edition

  • Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner,Robert A. Berner
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140084276X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 7299
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This newly revised edition of Global Environment discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. Retaining the strengths of the original edition while incorporating the latest discoveries, this textbook takes an integrated, multidisciplinary, and global approach to geochemistry and environmental problems and introduces fundamental concepts of meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography. New concepts and information in this updated edition include changes of atmospheric carbon dioxide over geologic time, major advances in the study of chemical weathering of rocks, ocean acidification, and important environmental problems, such as the amelioration of the acid rain problem due to reduction in sulfur deposition, problems with nitrification of soils and lakes, and eutrophication of rivers and estuaries. An expanded chapter explores atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, with the most up-to-date statistics on CO2, the carbon cycle, other greenhouse gases, and the ozone hole. Only requiring a fundamental understanding in elementary chemistry, yet taking into account extensive and current data, this text is ideal for students in environmental geochemistry, environmental geology, global change, biogeochemistry, water pollution, geochemical cycles, chemical oceanography, and geohydrology, and serves as a valuable reference for researchers working on global geochemical and environmental issues. Revised edition takes a close look at global fluxes involving the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, and the human effects on these fluxes Detailed discussion of basic concepts including meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography An expanded up-to-date chapter on atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, including CO2, other greenhouse gases, and ozone Presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering Discussion of current environmental topics Global coverage of environmental problems involving water Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Global Environment:2nd Revised Edition

Global Environment:2nd Revised Edition

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780691136783
  • Category:
  • Page: 460
  • View: 2648
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Discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. This book offers presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering. It provides global coverage of environmental problems involving water.

First Ecology

First Ecology

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

  • Author: Alan Beeby,Anne-Maria Brennan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199298082
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 403
  • View: 9725
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How much do we know about the living world? Enough to predict its future? First Ecology: ecological principles and environmental issues provides a critical and evaluative introduction to the science of ecology. Alan Beeby and Anne-Maria Brennan present a succinct survey of ecology, describing and explaining the relationship between living organisms and their environment. The third edition of this popular book continues to introduce ecology from a human perspective. This view of humanity as part of the ecology of the planet makes the fundamental relevance of ecology to all life science students apparent throughout. First Ecology develops in sequence the core themes in ecology at each level of organisation - subcellular, population, ecosystem, landscape and planetary. Understanding this hierarchy - and the interplay between these levels - is crucial to the environmental decisions our species faces at the start of the twenty-first century. First Ecology is the ideal primer for you to develop this understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre features the following materials: For lecturers (password protected): · A virtual field course comprising a series of basic exercises using real data helps students prepare for, and gain more from, their time in the field · Figures from the book, available to download to facilitate lecture preparation · PowerPoint slides introducing key concepts, supported with integrated figures from the book, help to save time in preparing and planning lectures · Routes help students follow and understand various themes and connections throughout the book and offer schemes for independent study · Answers to exercises provided in the book For students: · Hyperlinks to the primary literature cited in the book to facilitate access to original research papers · Routes map out how key themes are developed throughout the book . Web link library of all the URLs included in the book, together with additional web links on specific topics

Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System

Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System

  • Author: Ernst-Detlef Schulze,Martin Heimann,Sandy Harrison,Elisabeth Holland,Jonathan Lloyd,Ian Colin Prentice,David S. Schimel
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080507408
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 350
  • View: 7840
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The interactions of biogeochemical cycles influence and maintain our climate system. Land use and fossil fuel emissions are currently impacting the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur on land, in the atmosphere, and in the oceans. This edited volume brings together 27 scholarly contributions on the state of our knowledge of earth system interactions among the oceans, land, and atmosphere. A unique feature of this treatment is the focus on the paleoclimatic and paleobiotic context for investigating these complex interrelationships. * Eight-page colour insert to highlight the latest research * A unique feature of this treatment is the focus on the paleoclimatic context for investigating these complex interrelationships.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

  • Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0124071538
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 712
  • View: 771
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Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Dodging Extinction

Dodging Extinction

Power, Food, Money, and the Future of Life on Earth

  • Author: Anthony D. Barnosky
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520274377
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6165
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Paleobiologist Anthony D. Barnosky weaves together evidence from the deep past and the present to alert us to the looming Sixth Mass Extinction and to offer a practical, hopeful plan for avoiding it. Writing from the front lines of extinction research, Barnosky tells the overarching story of geologic and evolutionary history and how it informs the way humans inhabit, exploit, and impact Earth today. He presents compelling evidence that unless we rethink how we generate the power we use to run our global ecosystem, where we get our food, and how we make our money, we will trigger what would be the sixth great extinction on Earth, with dire consequences. Optimistic that we can change this ominous forecast if we act now, Barnosky provides clear-cut strategies to guide the planet away from global catastrophe. In many instances the necessary technology and know-how already exist and are being applied to crucial issues around human-caused climate change, feeding the world’s growing population, and exploiting natural resources. Deeply informed yet accessibly written, Dodging Extinction is nothing short of a guidebook for saving the planet.

Interactions of C, N, P and S Biogeochemical Cycles and Global Change

Interactions of C, N, P and S Biogeochemical Cycles and Global Change

  • Author: Roland Wollast,Fred T. Mackenzie,Lei Chou
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642760643
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 521
  • View: 2403
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This book is a natural extension of the SCOPE (Scientific Committee of Problems on the Environment) volumes on the carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and sulfur (S) biogeochemical cycles and their interactions (Likens, 1981; Bolin and Cook, 1983). Substantial progress in the knowledge of these cycles has been made since publication of those volumes. In particular, the nature and extent of biological and inorganic interactions between these cycles have been identified, positive and negative feedbacks recognized and the relationship between the cycles and global environmental change preliminarily elucidated. In March 1991, a NATO Advanced Research Workshop was held for one week in Melreux, Belgium to reexamine the biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P and S on a variety of time and space scales from a holistic point of view. This book is the result of that workshop. The biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P and S are intimately tied to each other through biological productivity and subsequently to problems of global environmental change. These problems may be the most challenging facing humanity in the 21 st century. In the broadest sense, "global change" encompasses both changes to the status of the large, globally connected atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial environments (e. g. tropospheric temperature increase) and change occurring as the result of nearly simultaneous local changes in many regions of the world (e. g. eutrophication).

An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry

An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry

  • Author: Julian E. Andrews,Peter Brimblecombe,Tim D. Jickells,Peter S. Liss,Brian Reid
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118685474
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7999
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This introductory text explains the fundamentals of the chemistry of the natural environment and the effects of mankind's activities on the earth's chemical systems. Retains an emphasis on describing how natural geochemical processes operate over a variety of scales in time and space, and how the effects of human perturbation can be measured. Topics range from familiar global issues such as atmospheric pollution and its effect on global warming and ozone destruction, to microbiological processes that cause pollution of drinking water deltas. Contains sections and information boxes that explain the basic chemistry underpinning the subject covered. Each chapter contains a list of further reading on the subject area. Updated case studies. No prior chemistry knowledge required. Suitable for introductory level courses.

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

  • Author: Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens
  • Publisher: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 0080916805
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 326
  • View: 5419
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Ecosystem science has developed into a major part of contemporary ecology, and it is now applied to diagnose and solve a wide range of important environmental problems. Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science provides a compact and comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science. Written by a group of experts, this book covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters Presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions

Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments

A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring, Second Edition

  • Author: Deborah V Chapman
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0419215905
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 648
  • View: 3687
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This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Global Ecodynamics

Global Ecodynamics

A Multidimensional Analysis

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540204763
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 687
  • View: 9239
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During recent decades the stirring up of the processes of globalization practically in all spheres of present-day civilization activities has aggravated and brought forth numerous problems resulting from the nature-society (N-S) interaction. It has become apparent that to solve these problems it is necessary to develop new concepts and approaches to the interpretation of global environmental changes that would enable one to select the first-priority directions in studies and to reliably assess the state of the nature-society system (NSS). One of these priorities is to predict global climate change. The growing interest in the problem of global climate change, determined by its practical importance and by available contra dictory estimates of the anthropogenic contribution to climate change, necessitates a systematization of knowledge of and data on the observed climate change and causes of this change. Despite an enormous amount of projects and programmes of studies of past and present climatic trends, the problem of reliable prediction of future climate change remains far from being solved. Emissions to the atmosphere of greenhouse gases (GHGs), mainly carbon dioxide, is considered as one of the main causes of an expected climate warming resulting in sufficiently negative consequences for humankind. Therefore, an attempt has been made in this book to construct a formalized technology to assess the levelof the greenhouse effectdue to anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide as well as the effects of other gas components.

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences

  • Author: Gerald R. North,John A. Pyle,Fuqing Zhang
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0123822262
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 2998
  • View: 5726
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Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd Edition is an authoritative resource covering all aspects of atmospheric sciences, including both theory and applications. With more than 320 articles and 1,600 figures and photographs, this revised version of the award-winning first edition offers comprehensive coverage of this important field. The six volumes in this set contain broad-ranging articles on topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction. The Encyclopedia is an ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences. It is written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Covers all aspects of atmospheric sciences—including both theory and applications Presents more than 320 articles and more than 1,600 figures and photographs Broad-ranging articles include topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction An ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences

Earth Under Siege

Earth Under Siege

From Air Pollution to Global Change

  • Author: Richard P. Turco
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195142747
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 530
  • View: 7344
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This second edition of Earth Under Siege, provides a basic understanding of how our physical environment functions and how human activities affect it. Intended to educate the lay person-especially the policy makers, business administrators, and political leaders of the future-about some of the most pressing problems facing our modern world, this important book effectively describes the realities of environmental pollution and global change. It provides a comprehensive description of the natural environment and builds a foundation on which the science and policy of current environmental issues can be understood.

Environmental Geochemistry

Environmental Geochemistry

Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories

  • Author: Benedetto DeVivo,Harvey Belkin,Annamaria Lima
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 044464007X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 644
  • View: 2642
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Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Aquatic Photosynthesis

Aquatic Photosynthesis

Second Edition

  • Author: Paul G. Falkowski,John A. Raven
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400849721
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 4815
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Aquatic Photosynthesis is a comprehensive guide to understanding the evolution and ecology of photosynthesis in aquatic environments. This second edition, thoroughly revised to bring it up to date, describes how one of the most fundamental metabolic processes evolved and transformed the surface chemistry of the Earth. The book focuses on recent biochemical and biophysical advances and the molecular biological techniques that have made them possible. In ten chapters that are self-contained but that build upon information presented earlier, the book starts with a reductionist, biophysical description of the photosynthetic reactions. It then moves through biochemical and molecular biological patterns in aquatic photoautotrophs, physiological and ecological principles, and global biogeochemical cycles. The book considers applications to ecology, and refers to historical developments. It can be used as a primary text in a lecture course, or as a supplemental text in a survey course such as biological oceanography, limnology, or biogeochemistry.

Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry

Environmental and Low Temperature Geochemistry

  • Author: Peter Ryan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118867491
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 3388
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Environmental and Low-Temperature Geochemistry presents conceptual and quantitative principles of geochemistry in order to foster understanding of natural processes at and near the earth’s surface, as well as anthropogenic impacts on the natural environment. It provides the reader with the essentials of concentration, speciation and reactivity of elements in soils, waters, sediments and air, drawing attention to both thermodynamic and kinetic controls. Specific features include: • An introductory chapter that reviews basic chemical principles applied to environmental and low-temperature geochemistry • Explanation and analysis of the importance of minerals in the environment • Principles of aqueous geochemistry • Organic compounds in the environment • The role of microbes in processes such as biomineralization, elemental speciation and reduction-oxidation reactions • Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of important geochemical cycles (C, N, P, S) • Atmospheric chemistry • Soil geochemistry • The roles of stable isotopes in environmental analysis • Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes as environmental tracers and environmental contaminants • Principles and examples of instrumental analysis in environmental geochemistry The text concludes with a case study of surface water and groundwater contamination that includes interactions and reactions of naturally-derived inorganic substances and introduced organic compounds (fuels and solvents), and illustrates the importance of interdisciplinary analysis in environmental geochemistry. Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental/low T geochemistry as part of an earth science, environmental science or related program. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry.

Our Changing Planet

Our Changing Planet

An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change

  • Author: Fred T. Mackenzie
  • Publisher: Pearson College Division
  • ISBN: 9780321667724
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 579
  • View: 9709
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The Unifying Theme of Our Chaning Planet centers on the basic metabolism of the interactive and integrated ecosphere of planet Earth and how it has changed over time, how it has been influenced by the circulation of numerous natural substances flowing through its atmosphere, land, water, and sea, and how humankind has become a geologic force in the ecosphere. The book discusses various aspects of both natural and human-induced global environmental change, emphasizing the historical (geologic) perspective of processes and changes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere systems through time, and human influences on the systems. It demonstrates how population growth, affluence, resource consumption, and technology give rise to human activities that lead to the environmental problems of rampant deforestation and conversion of forests to urban, grazing, and farm lands with major effects on the environment and people; extensive modifications of terrestrial and aquatic systems and their degradation, including stresses on freshwater resources and cultural eutrophication; anthropogenic sulffur and nitrogen emissions to the atmosphere that increase the acidity of rainfall and freshwater aquatic systems with damaging effects on the biota; photo-chemical smog, including formation and spread of tropospheric ozone and the health issues associated with smog; stratospheric ozone depletion and the "hole in the sky" and its effect on climate and the ultraviolet flux; and the currently most talk-about and debated issue of environmental change, that of the enhanced greenhouse effect and global warming with its effects on patterns of precipitation, soil moisture and crops, geographical distribution of vegetation and plants and animals, freshwater runoff, sea-level rise, photosynthesis and respiration on land and in the sea and the uptake of atmospheric CO2, circulation of the ocean, and ocean acidification. The book is a holistic treatment of both natural and human-induced change from the beginning of the Earth on into its future.

Low-Temperature Geochemistry

Low-Temperature Geochemistry

  • Author: Tu Guangzhi
  • Publisher: VSP
  • ISBN: 9789067642309
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 202
  • View: 4347
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Low-temperature geochemistry -- a 'hot topic' in geochemistry at present -- deals with geological and chemical processes and the geochemical evolution of elements in nature below 200C, including the geochemical behaviour of elements in the processes of their extraction, remobilization, transport and mineralization at room temperature and below 0C. This book focuses on the low-temperature geochemical behaviour of precious metals, REE, some individual dispersed elements and some non-metallic elements and their minergenesis at low-temperatures. The book deals with the following topics: 1) geochemistry of selected low-temperature deposits or prospects (horizons); 2) geochemistry of elements during diagenesis, buried metamorphism and low-grade metamorphism; 3) remobilization, transport and precipitation of some ore-forming elements under low-temperature conditions; 4) water/rock interactions in low-temperature open systems

Chemical Oceanography and the Marine Carbon Cycle

Chemical Oceanography and the Marine Carbon Cycle

  • Author: Steven Emerson,John Hedges
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139471619
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6949
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The principles of chemical oceanography provide insight into the processes regulating the marine carbon cycle. The text offers a background in chemical oceanography and a description of how chemical elements in seawater and ocean sediments are used as tracers of physical, biological, chemical and geological processes in the ocean. The first seven chapters present basic topics of thermodynamics, isotope systematics and carbonate chemistry, and explain the influence of life on ocean chemistry and how it has evolved in the recent (glacial-interglacial) past. This is followed by topics essential to understanding the carbon cycle, including organic geochemistry, air-sea gas exchange, diffusion and reaction kinetics, the marine and atmosphere carbon cycle and diagenesis in marine sediments. Figures are available to download from www.cambridge.org/9780521833134. Ideal as a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduates in oceanography, environmental chemistry, geochemistry and earth science and a valuable reference for researchers in oceanography.