Search Results for "globalisation-higher-education-the-labour-market-and-inequality"

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

  • Author: Antonia Kupfer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317978269
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 232
  • View: 351
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Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality addresses the global transformation of higher education in relation to changes in the labour market. It focuses on the relative impact of elements of globalisation on social inequality, and provides insights into the ways in which these general forces of change are transformed into specific policies shaped by global forces and the various national values, institutional structures and politics of the specified societies. The book begins with a theoretical conceptualization for a comparative understanding of globalization, higher education, labour markets and inequality. This is followed by a range of mainstream accounts from an international selection of contributors of the ways in which national systems have responded to the forces of globalisation and the increasing demand for higher education graduates – in Australia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, New Zealand and the UK. Finally, contributors explore more specific concerns such as the transition from higher education to the labour market in China and Sweden, the division of the ‘knowledge’ workers into traditional social groups in the US, and the role and salience of Doctoral programmes in South Africa in developing a knowledge economy. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education and Work.

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

  • Author: Antonia Kupfer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317978269
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 232
  • View: 903
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Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality addresses the global transformation of higher education in relation to changes in the labour market. It focuses on the relative impact of elements of globalisation on social inequality, and provides insights into the ways in which these general forces of change are transformed into specific policies shaped by global forces and the various national values, institutional structures and politics of the specified societies. The book begins with a theoretical conceptualization for a comparative understanding of globalization, higher education, labour markets and inequality. This is followed by a range of mainstream accounts from an international selection of contributors of the ways in which national systems have responded to the forces of globalisation and the increasing demand for higher education graduates – in Australia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, New Zealand and the UK. Finally, contributors explore more specific concerns such as the transition from higher education to the labour market in China and Sweden, the division of the ‘knowledge’ workers into traditional social groups in the US, and the role and salience of Doctoral programmes in South Africa in developing a knowledge economy. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education and Work.

Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India

Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India

  • Author: Dipak Mazumdar,Sandip Sarkar
  • Publisher: IDRC
  • ISBN: 0415436117
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 356
  • View: 8953
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India started on a program of reforms, both in its external and internal aspects, sometime in the mid-eighties and going on into the nineties. While the increased exposure to world markets (‘globalization’) and relaxation of domestic controls has undoubtedly given a spurt to the GDP growth rate, its impact on poverty, inequality and employment have been controversial. This book examines in detail these aspects of post-reform India and discerns the changes and trends which these new developments have created. Providing an original analysis of unit-level data available from the quinquennial National Sample Surveys, the Annual Surveys of Industries and other basic data sources, the authors analyse and compare the results with other pieces of work in the literature. As well as describing the overall situation for India, the book highlights regional differences, and looks at the major industrial sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing and tertiary services. The important topic of labor market institutions - both for the formal or organized and the unorganized sectors - is considered and the possible adverse effect on employment growth of the regulatory labor framework is examined carefully. Since any reform of this framework must go hand in hand with better state intervention in the informal sector to have any chance of acceptance politically, some of the major initiatives in this area are critically explored. Overall, this book will be of great interest to development economists, labour economists and specialists in South Asian Studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

  • Author: Chris Warhurst,Ken Mayhew,David Finegold,John Buchanan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191628115
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2812
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Skills and workforce development are at the heart of much research on work, employment and management. But are they so important? To what extent can they make a difference for individuals, organisations and nations? How are the supply and - more importantly - the utilisation of skill - current evolving? What are the key factors shaping skills trajectories of the future? This Handbook provides an authoritative consideration of issues such these. It does so by drawing on experts in a wide range of disciplines including sociology, economics, labour/industrial relations, human resource management, education, and geography. The Handbook is relevant for all with an interest in the changing nature, and future, of work, employment and management. It draws on the latest scholarly insights to shed new light on all the major issues concerning skills and training today. While written primarily by leading scholars in the field it is equally relevant to policy makers and practitioners responsible for shaping the development of human capability today and into the future.

The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

  • Author: Wiemer Salverda,Brian Nolan,Timothy M. Smeeding
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199231370
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 736
  • View: 3173
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Comprehensive analysis of economic inequality in developed countries. The contributors give their view on the state-of-the-art scientific research in their fields and add their own visions of future research.

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

  • Author: Roger King,Simon Marginson,Rajani Naidoo
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857936239
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 560
  • View: 3780
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Ô. . . the Handbook constitutes an essential reference source for everyone interested in studying the current meaning, scope and implications of globalization. Strongly recommended.Õ Ð Higher Education Review Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition. The expert contributors reveal the strategies, practices and governance mechanisms developed by international and regional organizations, national governments and by higher education institutions themselves. They analyse local responses to dominant global templates of higher education and the consequences for knowledge generation, social equity, economic development and the public good. This comprehensive and accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, academics and students with an interest in higher education from economics, international studies and public policy perspectives, as well as for higher education policymakers, and funding and governance bodies.

Everything for Sale? The Marketisation of UK Higher Education

Everything for Sale? The Marketisation of UK Higher Education

  • Author: Roger Brown,Helen Carasso
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135094373
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8138
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The marketisation of higher education is a growing worldwide trend. Increasingly, market steering is replacing or supplementing government steering. Tuition fees are being introduced or increased, usually at the expense of state grants to institutions. Grants for student support are being replaced or supplemented by loans. Commercial rankings and league tables to guide student choice are proliferating with institutions devoting increasing resources to marketing, branding and customer service. The UK is a particularly good example of this, not only because it is a country where marketisation has arguably proceeded furthest, but also because of the variations that exist as Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland increasingly diverge from England. In Everything for Sale, Roger Brown argues that the competitive regime that is now applicable to our Higher Education system was the logical, and possibly inevitable, outcome of a process that began with the introduction of full cost fees for overseas students in 1980. Through chapters including: Markets and Non-Markets The Institutional Pattern of Provision The Funding of Research The Funding of Student Education Quality Assurance The Impact of Marketisation: Efficiency, diversity and equity; He shows how the evaluation and funding of research, the funding of student education, quality assurance, and the structure of the system have increasingly been organised on market or quasi-market lines. As well as helping to explain the evolution of British higher education over the past thirty years, the book contains some important messages about the consequences of introducing or extending market competition in universities’ core activities of teaching and research. This timely and comprehensive book is essential reading for all academics at University level and anyone involved in Higher Education policy.

Labour Markets, Institutions and Inequality

Labour Markets, Institutions and Inequality

Building Just Societies in the 21st Century

  • Author: Janine Berg
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1784712108
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 432
  • View: 2973
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Labour market institutions, including collective bargaining, the regulation of employment contracts and social protection policies, are instrumental for improving the well-being of workers, their families and society. In many countries, these instituti

Development Centre Seminars Globalisation, Poverty and Inequality

Development Centre Seminars Globalisation, Poverty and Inequality

  • Author: Kohl Richard
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264101853
  • Category:
  • Page: 136
  • View: 4728
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This book is based on an exceptional event in December 2000 which brought together civil society from poor countries and OECD experts. It emerges that globalisation can have a positive impact in poor countries, but only if policies encouraging more equitable distribution of resources are adopted.

Young Workers, Globalization and the Labor Market

Young Workers, Globalization and the Labor Market

Comparing Early Working Life in Eleven Countries

  • Author: Hans-Peter Blossfeld
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781782543336
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 370
  • View: 419
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Underpinned by the fact that the globalization process and the subsequent increased level of market uncertainty have paved the way for employment flexibility in modern societies, this book examines the labor market chances of young adults in the US and in ten European societies over the past three decades. As young adults represent a very vulnerable labor market group, flexible and insecure employment tends to be pronounced especially at labor market entry. The contributors therefore explore which groups of young adults are especially affected by increasing employment insecurities.

Making Globalization Work

Making Globalization Work

  • Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393066203
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 5619
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"A damning denunciation of things as they are, and a platform for how we can do better."—Andrew Leonard, Salon Building on the international bestseller Globalization and Its Discontents, Joseph E. Stiglitz offers here an agenda of inventive solutions to our most pressing economic, social, and environmental challenges, with each proposal guided by the fundamental insight that economic globalization continues to outpace both the political structures and the moral sensitivity required to ensure a just and sustainable world. As economic interdependence continues to gather the peoples of the world into a single community, it brings with it the need to think and act globally. This trenchant, intellectually powerful, and inspiring book is an invaluable step in that process.

The Globalization of Inequality

The Globalization of Inequality

  • Author: François Bourguignon
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885558
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3840
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In The Globalization of Inequality, distinguished economist and policymaker François Bourguignon examines the complex and paradoxical links between a vibrant world economy that has raised the living standard of over half a billion people in emerging nations such as China, India, and Brazil, and the exponentially increasing inequality within countries. Exploring globalization's role in the evolution of inequality, Bourguignon takes an original and truly international approach to the decrease in inequality between nations, the increase in inequality within nations, and the policies that might moderate inequality’s negative effects. Demonstrating that in a globalized world it becomes harder to separate out the factors leading to domestic or international inequality, Bourguignon examines each trend through a variety of sources, and looks at how these inequalities sometimes balance each other out or reinforce one another. Factoring in the most recent economic crisis, Bourguignon investigates why inequality in some countries has dropped back to levels that have not existed for several decades, and he asks if these should be considered in the context of globalization or if they are in fact specific to individual nations. Ultimately, Bourguignon argues that it will be up to countries in the developed and developing world to implement better policies, even though globalization limits the scope for some potential redistributive instruments. An informed and original contribution to the current debates about inequality, this book will be essential reading for anyone who is interested in the future of the world economy.

Globalisation and Labour Market Adjustment

Globalisation and Labour Market Adjustment

  • Author: D. Greenaway,R. Upward,P. Wright
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230582389
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 215
  • View: 6756
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Although economists have long pointed to the aggregate gains from increased economic integration, the popular perception of globalization is much more pessimistic. Workers feel less secure in their jobs and fear wage losses and unemployment. This book explores these issues, and asks whether the concerns are warranted.

The Dynamics of Asian Labour Markets

The Dynamics of Asian Labour Markets

Balancing Control and Flexibility

  • Author: John Benson,Associate Professor Ying Zhu,Ying Zhu
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1136823913
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 272
  • View: 653
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This book explores the dynamics of Asian labour markets in a cross section of eight Asian economies including Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, China, India, Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia. It considers how these markets have responded to globalisation, and assesses likely future trends and developments.

Global Inequality

Global Inequality

  • Author: Branko Milanovic
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674969766
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 311
  • View: 6414
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Branko Milanovic presents a bold account of the dynamics that drive inequality on a global scale. Using vast data sets, he explains the forces that make inequality rise and fall within and among nations over time. He reveals who has been helped by globalization, who has been hurt, andwhat policies might tilt the balance toward economic justice.

Globalisation and the Labour Market

Globalisation and the Labour Market

Trade, Technology and Less Skilled Workers in Europe and the United States

  • Author: Robert Anderton,Paul Brenton,John Whalley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134362013
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 192
  • View: 1972
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Incorporating new empirical data and using a wide variety of methods such as econometrics, general equilibrium and case studies, this detailed volume provides a thorough investigation into the causes of the deterioration in the relative economic fortunes of less-skilled workers across various countries, with a focus on the role of globalization. It reveals how in the past thirty years, the decline in the wages and employment of less-skilled workers relative to skilled workers in Europe and North America has coincided with an acceleration in 'globalization'. The latter's rapid pace is indicated by the strong growth in both world trade and foreign direct investment which, in turn, have been stimulated by various factors such as reductions in trade barriers a drastic decline in the costs of communication and transportation and the internationalization of production. Although it is now widely held that the main cause of this rise in inequality seems to be a shift in demand towards higher skilled workers, this book aims to shed light on whether it is trade or technology that is primarily responsible for this demand shift. Importantly, the studies in this book describe how globalisation and technological change are interacting rather than separate forces. Topical and timely, this significant book will be a valuable read for academic researchers, analysts and professional economists in the policy making community.

The Race between Education and Technology

The Race between Education and Technology

  • Author: Claudia Dale Goldin,Lawrence F. Katz
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674037731
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 496
  • View: 2991
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This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. During the first eight decades of the twentieth century, the increase of educated workers was higher than the demand for them. This boosted income for most people and lowered inequality. However, the reverse has been true since about 1980. The authors discuss the complex reasons for this educational slow-down and what might be done to ameliorate it.

The Globalization of Higher Education

The Globalization of Higher Education

  • Author: C. Ennew,D. Greenaway
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137265051
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 237
  • View: 9318
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A volume of specially commissioned papers which draws on the diverse expertise of academic researchers, policy makers and educational practitioners to address the changing patterns of competition and provision, in international higher education. Topics addressed range from policy, provision, teaching, research and business engagement.

Globalization and Inequality in Emerging Societies

Globalization and Inequality in Emerging Societies

  • Author: B. Rehbein
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 023035453X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 283
  • View: 1399
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This volume studies the relation between globalization and inequalities in emerging societies by linking Area and Global Studies, aiming at a new theory of inequality beyond the nation state and beyond Eurocentrism.

Temporary Agency Work and Globalisation

Temporary Agency Work and Globalisation

Beyond Flexibility and Inequality

  • Author: Dr Huiyan Fu
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472447859
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 232
  • View: 8292
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Despite its geographic and industry expansion as part of the ongoing globalisation of service activity, temporary agency work (TAW) is relatively understudied. This edited collection provides a comprehensive overview of TAW, in an international context, revealing how the TAW industry is intertwined with the changing relationship between the state, corporations and labour unions at the institutional-structural level, and also the perceptions and experiences of ordinary workers in everyday practice. By combining global and local forces, macro and micro levels of analysis, and theoretical and empirical investigations, the book offers fresh insights into recurring issues of labour flexibility and inequality, making practical suggestions and facilitating fruitful cross-national collaborations.