Search Results for "globalisation-higher-education-the-labour-market-and-inequality"

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality

  • Author: Antonia Kupfer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317978269
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 232
  • View: 2626
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Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality addresses the global transformation of higher education in relation to changes in the labour market. It focuses on the relative impact of elements of globalisation on social inequality, and provides insights into the ways in which these general forces of change are transformed into specific policies shaped by global forces and the various national values, institutional structures and politics of the specified societies. The book begins with a theoretical conceptualization for a comparative understanding of globalization, higher education, labour markets and inequality. This is followed by a range of mainstream accounts from an international selection of contributors of the ways in which national systems have responded to the forces of globalisation and the increasing demand for higher education graduates – in Australia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, New Zealand and the UK. Finally, contributors explore more specific concerns such as the transition from higher education to the labour market in China and Sweden, the division of the ‘knowledge’ workers into traditional social groups in the US, and the role and salience of Doctoral programmes in South Africa in developing a knowledge economy. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education and Work.

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training

  • Author: Chris Warhurst,Ken Mayhew,David Finegold,John Buchanan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191628115
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2006
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Skills and workforce development are at the heart of much research on work, employment and management. But are they so important? To what extent can they make a difference for individuals, organisations and nations? How are the supply and - more importantly - the utilisation of skill - current evolving? What are the key factors shaping skills trajectories of the future? This Handbook provides an authoritative consideration of issues such these. It does so by drawing on experts in a wide range of disciplines including sociology, economics, labour/industrial relations, human resource management, education, and geography. The Handbook is relevant for all with an interest in the changing nature, and future, of work, employment and management. It draws on the latest scholarly insights to shed new light on all the major issues concerning skills and training today. While written primarily by leading scholars in the field it is equally relevant to policy makers and practitioners responsible for shaping the development of human capability today and into the future.

Everything for Sale? The Marketisation of UK Higher Education

Everything for Sale? The Marketisation of UK Higher Education

  • Author: Roger Brown,Helen Carasso
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135094373
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7876
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The marketisation of higher education is a growing worldwide trend. Increasingly, market steering is replacing or supplementing government steering. Tuition fees are being introduced or increased, usually at the expense of state grants to institutions. Grants for student support are being replaced or supplemented by loans. Commercial rankings and league tables to guide student choice are proliferating with institutions devoting increasing resources to marketing, branding and customer service. The UK is a particularly good example of this, not only because it is a country where marketisation has arguably proceeded furthest, but also because of the variations that exist as Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland increasingly diverge from England. In Everything for Sale, Roger Brown argues that the competitive regime that is now applicable to our Higher Education system was the logical, and possibly inevitable, outcome of a process that began with the introduction of full cost fees for overseas students in 1980. Through chapters including: Markets and Non-Markets The Institutional Pattern of Provision The Funding of Research The Funding of Student Education Quality Assurance The Impact of Marketisation: Efficiency, diversity and equity; He shows how the evaluation and funding of research, the funding of student education, quality assurance, and the structure of the system have increasingly been organised on market or quasi-market lines. As well as helping to explain the evolution of British higher education over the past thirty years, the book contains some important messages about the consequences of introducing or extending market competition in universities’ core activities of teaching and research. This timely and comprehensive book is essential reading for all academics at University level and anyone involved in Higher Education policy.

Tackling Inequalities in Brazil, China, India and South Africa The Role of Labour Market and Social Policies

Tackling Inequalities in Brazil, China, India and South Africa The Role of Labour Market and Social Policies

The Role of Labour Market and Social Policies

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264088369
  • Category:
  • Page: 308
  • View: 2026
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This book focuses on the role of growth and employment/unemployment developments in explaining recent income inequality trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, and discusses the roles played by labour market and social policies in both shaping and addressing these inequalities.

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

  • Author: Roger King,Simon Marginson,Rajani Naidoo
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857936239
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 560
  • View: 1364
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Ô. . . the Handbook constitutes an essential reference source for everyone interested in studying the current meaning, scope and implications of globalization. Strongly recommended.Õ Ð Higher Education Review Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition. The expert contributors reveal the strategies, practices and governance mechanisms developed by international and regional organizations, national governments and by higher education institutions themselves. They analyse local responses to dominant global templates of higher education and the consequences for knowledge generation, social equity, economic development and the public good. This comprehensive and accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, academics and students with an interest in higher education from economics, international studies and public policy perspectives, as well as for higher education policymakers, and funding and governance bodies.

Education, Globalization, and Social Change

Education, Globalization, and Social Change

  • Author: Hugh Lauder
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199272532
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 1182
  • View: 5256
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Education is seen as central to economic competitiveness, the reduction of poverty and inequality, and environmental sustainability. The editors have selected key writings that examine the social and economic limits- and possibilities of-education in addressing these fundamental problems. This new reader establishes the field of sociology of education with a particular focus on papers that analyse the nature and extent of globalization in education. A general introduction presents the keyconcepts in the sociology of education, and outlines the major theories and debates, especially in relation to globalization. Each section is accompanied by a part opener explaining and contextualizing the readings within a larger educational and sociological context.

Die Globalisierung der Ungleichheit

Die Globalisierung der Ungleichheit

  • Author: Francois Bourguignon
  • Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
  • ISBN: 3868546030
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 128
  • View: 5682
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Segen oder Teufelswerk? Ist die Globalisierung für den beispiellosen Anstieg von Ungleichheit in der Welt verantwortlich? Verweist sie alle Hoffnungen auf soziale Gerechtigkeit ins Reich der Utopie? Kaum eine Debatte wird so erhitzt geführt wie jene um die Globalisierung. Das Verhältnis von Ungleichheit und Globalisierung muss in der doppelten Perspektive - national und international - betrachtet werden, um in seiner Komplexität begreifbar zu werden. So steht dem Anstieg nationaler Ungleichheit paradoxerweise eine Abnahme globaler Ungleichheit gegenüber. Bourguignon, ehemaliger Chefökonom der Weltbank, analysiert diese antagonistischen Effekte der Globalisierung. Mit Blick auf die Schwellenländer ist die Ungleichheit im Weltvergleich geringer geworden: Der Lebensstandard in Brasilien, China oder Indien nähert sich langsam demjenigen der Nordamerikaner und Europäer an. Binnenstaatlich betrachtet sind die Ungleichheiten jedoch in einer nicht geringen Anzahl der Länder eklatant geworden, was zu sozialen Spannungen führen musste. Ohne neue Marktregularien, einer steuerlich indizierten Umverteilung und Gehaltsobergrenzen wird die zunehmende Ungleichheit nicht einzudämmen sein. Bourguignon beschreibt das Instrumentarium, das den nationalen wie internationalen Entscheidungsträgern zur Verfügung steht, um eine an Gerechtigkeitsmaßstäben ausgerichtete Verteilungspolitik zu verwirklichen. Wer heute zunehmende Globalisierung der Ungleichheit verhindern will, muss für eine Globalisierung der Umverteilung eintreten.

The Globalization of Higher Education

The Globalization of Higher Education

  • Author: C. Ennew,D. Greenaway
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137265051
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 237
  • View: 9800
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A volume of specially commissioned papers which draws on the diverse expertise of academic researchers, policy makers and educational practitioners to address the changing patterns of competition and provision, in international higher education. Topics addressed range from policy, provision, teaching, research and business engagement.

Young Workers, Globalization and the Labor Market

Young Workers, Globalization and the Labor Market

Comparing Early Working Life in Eleven Countries

  • Author: Hans-Peter Blossfeld
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781782543336
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 370
  • View: 6819
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Underpinned by the fact that the globalization process and the subsequent increased level of market uncertainty have paved the way for employment flexibility in modern societies, this book examines the labor market chances of young adults in the US and in ten European societies over the past three decades. As young adults represent a very vulnerable labor market group, flexible and insecure employment tends to be pronounced especially at labor market entry. The contributors therefore explore which groups of young adults are especially affected by increasing employment insecurities.

Job Losses, Multinationals and Globalization

Job Losses, Multinationals and Globalization

The Anatomy of Disempowerment

  • Author: Beverley A. Carlson
  • Publisher: United Nations Publications
  • ISBN: 9789211213775
  • Category: Chile
  • Page: 68
  • View: 659
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Changing Schools in an Era of Globalization

Changing Schools in an Era of Globalization

  • Author: Brian Caldwell
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 041599330X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 234
  • View: 606
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Much has been written about globalization and the challenge of preparing young people for the new world of work and life in times of complexity and continuous change. However, few works have examined how globalization has and will continue to shape education in the East. This volume discusses education within the context of globalization and examines what is occurring in schools and systems of education in the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, Chinese Taipei, Singapore, and Australia. Closer examination of recent developments and current trends reveal the same turbulence and a range of common issues in areas such as assessment, curriculum, leadership, management of change, pedagogy, policy, professional capacity and technology. This volume demonstrates the commonalities and differences and offers tremendous insight into the way things are done in places where student achievement is high but there is also a sense of urgency in continuing an agenda of change.

Work and Social Inequalities in Health in Europe

Work and Social Inequalities in Health in Europe

  • Author: Ingvar Lundberg,Tomas Hemmingsson,Christer Hogstedt
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9789052013725
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 538
  • View: 8216
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Equity in health is endorsed by most governments. But there is no progress in reducing the relative differences between different socioeconomic groups linked to the professional status. There are obvious reasons for class differences that include poverty, low education and certain life style factors. But do we know the true background of the differences? Why do blue-collar workers have less favourable health than white-collar workers? Is it due to selection of unhealthy workers to bad workplaces or due to the working conditions? This volume provides an overview of the importance of working conditions for social class differences in health. The magnitude of social class differences in health and the importance of working conditions for these differences are described for seven European countries and Massachusetts, USA. In a summary chapter conclusions are drawn regarding to what extent social class differences in health can be explained by working conditions. An agenda for future research is presented.

Globalisation and Poverty

Globalisation and Poverty

Channels and Policy Responses

  • Author: Maurizio Bussolo,Jeffery I Round
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134289340
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 238
  • View: 4243
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The consequences of globalization for the world's poor are uncertain and fierce rhetoric is dividing its supporters and detractors. The channels of effect of essentially macroeconomic shocks on the microeconomic position of individuals and households in poor countries are many and various. This book addresses three core issues: 1) what are the main channels of effect? 2) what are the lessons to be learned from policy measures to alleviate negative poverty consequences? and 3) do the proposed analytical approaches assist in providing a monitoring capability? This volume assesses the more easily quantifiable effects resulting from price and quantity responses in the goods and labour markets. It includes studies of Colombia, Ghana, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Vietnam. It uses key analytical approaches, most of which are based on numerical simulation methods employing models with different levels of complexity. These models capture the features of an economy, how it functions, and how it might respond to globalization shocks. The most important collective contribution of the authors is their establishment of directions and magnitudes of effect, based on empirical evidence.

Young People and Social Policy in Europe

Young People and Social Policy in Europe

Dealing with Risk, Inequality and Precarity in Times of Crisis

  • Author: L. Antonucci,M. Hamilton,Steven Roberts
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137370521
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 269
  • View: 1102
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This edited collection provides the first in-depth analysis of social policies and the risks faced by young people. The book explores the effects of both the economic crisis and austerity policies on the lives of young Europeans, examining both the precarity of youth transitions, and the function of welfare state policies.

The Globalization and Development Reader

The Globalization and Development Reader

Perspectives on Development and Global Change

  • Author: J. Timmons Roberts,Amy Bellone Hite,Nitsan Chorev
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118735382
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 632
  • View: 8366
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This revised and updated second edition of The Globalizationand Development Reader builds on the considerable success of afirst edition that has been used around the world. It combinesselected readings and editorial material to provide a coherent textwith global coverage, reflecting new theoretical and empiricaldevelopments. Main text and core reference for students and professionalsstudying the processes of social change and development in“third world” countries. Carefully excerpted materialsfacilitate the understanding of classic and contemporarywritings Second edition includes 33 essential readings, including 21 newselections New pieces cover the impact of the recession in the globalNorth, global inequality and uneven development, gender,international migration, the role of cities, agriculture and on thegovernance of pharmaceuticals and climate change politics Increased coverage of China and India help to provide genuinelyglobal coverage, and for a student readership the materials havebeen subject to a higher degree of editing in the new edition Includes a general introduction to the field, and short,insightful section introductions to each reading New readings include selections by Alexander Gershenkron, AliceAmsden, Amartya Sen, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Cecile Jackson, DaniRodrik, David Harvey, Greta Krippner, Kathryn Sikkink, LeslieSklair, Margaret E. Keck, Michael Burawoy, Nitsan Chorev, OscarLewis, Patrick Bond, Peter Evans, Philip McMichael, Pranab Bardhan,Ruth Pearson, Sarah Babb, Saskia Sassen, and Steve Radelet

Diversity and Transformations of Asian Capitalisms

Diversity and Transformations of Asian Capitalisms

  • Author: Robert Boyer,Hiroyasu Uemura,Akinori Isogai
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136651144
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 416
  • View: 786
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Among a vast literature on the Asian economies, the book proposes a distinctive approach, inspired by Régulation Theory, in order to understand the current transformations of the Asian economies. The book follows their transformations after the 1997 Asian crisis until the subprime crisis. During this period, the viability of their growth regime was to coherence of five basic institutional forms: the degree of competition and insertion into the world economy, the nature of labour market organization, the monetary and exchange rate regimes and finally the style for State intervention via legislation, public spending and tax. The book provides new findings. The degree of financial liberalization and opening to the world economy largely determines the severity of the 2008-2009 recession and the political-economic reactions of each Asian countries to the subprime crisis. Asian capitalisms are distinct from American and European ones, but they are quite diverse among themselves, and this differentiation has been widening during the last decade. This book will help to shed light on a de facto regional economic integration is taking place in Asia, but unsolved past political conflicts do hinder the institutionalisation of these interdependencies.

Globalisation, Liberalisation, Privatisation and Indian Polity: Education

Globalisation, Liberalisation, Privatisation and Indian Polity: Education

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Gyan Publishing House
  • ISBN: 9788182050198
  • Category: Economic development
  • Page: 275
  • View: 9094
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Globalization and Income Inequality

Globalization and Income Inequality

A European Perspective

  • Author: Thomas Harjes
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1451911866
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 15
  • View: 8828
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There is growing concern in Europe over the impact of globalization on high and evenly shared living standards. These concerns have often surfaced in response to falling labor income shares in aggregate national income data. However, these data may tell little about the underlying distribution of incomes based on household disposable incomes. While summary measures of income distributions also suggest that inequality has increased in most industrialized countries, this development was very uneven and much less pronounced in euro-area countries, suggesting that broad phenomena such as trade liberalization and technological change may not be major drivers of inequality.

Globalization, Uncertainty, and Men's Careers

Globalization, Uncertainty, and Men's Careers

An International Comparison

  • Author: Hans-Peter Blossfeld,Melinda Mills,Fabrizio Bernardi
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781782542384
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 507
  • View: 7252
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Globalization, argue the contributors to this book, has remarkably accelerated social and economic change in modern societies. One such change is manifested in the world of work and careers. This book explores whether the forces of globalization affect the erosion of standard career patterns of mid-career men in twelve OECD countries. Overwhelming evidence against the 'individualization of inequality' thesis is provided - it is argued that equality remains largely stratified by factors such as occupational class and educational level, and in some countries has even grown over time.

Globalization, Uncertainty and Youth in Society

Globalization, Uncertainty and Youth in Society

The Losers in a Globalizing World

  • Author: Hans-Peter Blossfeld,Erik Klijzing,Melinda Mills,Karin Kurz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134248059
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 488
  • View: 2256
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Examining how youths in fourteen industrialized societies make the transition to adulthood in an era of globalization and rising uncertainty, this collection of essays investigates the impact that institutions working with social groups of youths have upon those youths' abilities to make adult decisions determining their life courses. Covering both Europe and North America, the book includes case studies, and contains country-specific contributions on conservative, social-democratic, post-socialist, liberal and familistic welfare regimes, as well as data from the GLOBALIFE project. Filling the gap in the market on the micro effects of globalization on individuals, and taking an empirical approach to the topic, this impressive volume brings the individual and nation-specific institutions back into the discussion on globalization.