Search Results for "hard-diplomacy-and-soft-coercion"

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Russia's Influence Abroad

  • Author: James Sherr
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 1862033005
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 619
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During the Cold War, Soviet influence and Leninist ideology were inseparable. But the collapse of both systems threw Russian influence into limbo. In this book, James Sherr draws on his in-depth study of the country over many years to explain and analyse the factors that have brought Russian influence back into play. Today, Tsarist, Soviet and contemporary approaches combine in creative and discordant ways. The result is a policy based on a mixture of strategy, improvisation and habit. The novelty of this policy and its apparent successes pose possible dangers for Russia's neighbours, the West and Russia itself.

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Russia's Influence Abroad

  • Author: James Sherr
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 186203298X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 9812
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During the Cold War, Soviet influence and Leninist ideology were inseparable. But the collapse of both systems threw Russian influence into limbo. In this book, James Sherr draws on his in-depth study of the country over many years to explain and analyse the factors that have brought Russian influence back into play. Today, Tsarist, Soviet and contemporary approaches combine in creative and discordant ways. The result is a policy based on a mixture of strategy, improvisation and habit. The novelty of this policy and its apparent successes pose possible dangers for Russia's neighbours, the West and Russia itself.

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Hard Diplomacy and Soft Coercion

Russia's Influence Abroad

  • Author: James Sherr
  • Publisher: Chatham House (Formerly Riia)
  • ISBN: 9781862032668
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 137
  • View: 450
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During the Cold War, Soviet influence and Leninist ideology were inseparable. But the collapse of both systems threw Russian influence into limbo. In this book, James Sherr draws on his in-depth study of the country over many years to explain and analyse thefactors that have brought Russian influence back into play. Today, Tsarist, Soviet and contemporary approaches combine in creative and discordant ways. The result is a policy based on a mixture of strategy, improvisation and habit. The novelty of this policy and its apparent successes pose possible dangers for Russia's neighbours, the West and Russia itself.

Soft Power

Soft Power

The Means to Success in World Politics

  • Author: Joseph S. Nye
  • Publisher: PublicAffairs
  • ISBN: 9781586482251
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 191
  • View: 7882
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What must the United States do to remain the global superpower and stop alienating the rest of the world? The author of the bestselling "The Paradox of American Power" has one clear answer: soft power.

Military Soft Power

Military Soft Power

Public Diplomacy through Military Educational Exchanges

  • Author: Carol Atkinson
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442231297
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 4797
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The military has long been associated with hard power, yet it is engaged in public diplomacy as it represents the U.S. abroad and facilitates the diffusion of ideas. Military Soft Power examines one such aspect of U.S. public diplomacy: how the United States extends its influence or “soft power” worldwide through military educational exchange programs hosted by the United States’ elite military schools, its war and staff colleges. The presence of international officers at U.S. military schools is substantial, yet very little is known about the long-term impacts of these exchanges. This study shows how the exchanges build personal and professional networks that then serve as important conduits of ideas between the United States and other countries. These networks help to improve interoperability between the U.S. military and its partner nations and to extend U.S. influence through military soft power rather than through hard power. This is an alternative bottom-up view of how military organizations can influence political processes and decisions through the development of cross-border communities of military professionals. This involves a two-step model of socialization. First, individuals (military officers) are socialized by a large political institution (the U.S. through its war and staff colleges). Second, these individuals function as idea entrepreneurs, bringing new ideas, beliefs, and practices home with them. There is a need for policies and programs that help countries successfully transition from authoritarian governance to democratic rule as well as countries undergoing democratic revolutions and those seeking more gradual change. Exchange programs are one pathway, in which an important group of citizens (military officers and their families) can experience the everyday functioning of democratic practices and institutions. This unique survey provides timely insights into the important political impacts of military exchange programs and how military institutions and their personnel influence international politics beyond simply being used as an instrument of coercion.

The Powers to Lead

The Powers to Lead

  • Author: Joseph S. Nye
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199754136
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 226
  • View: 3919
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'A book that analyzes what leadership really means and how it relates to power. It will be invaluable for both political and business leaders alike. Nye developed the concept of hard and soft power, and now he shows how best leaders use both in a smart way'. Walter Isaacson, President, The Aspen Institute

Abroad

Abroad

  • Author: Thomas Crane,Ellen Elizabeth Houghton
  • Publisher: Sagwan Press
  • ISBN: 9781376875423
  • Category: History
  • Page: 62
  • View: 1823
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Maritime Diplomacy in the 21st Century

Maritime Diplomacy in the 21st Century

Drivers and Challenges

  • Author: Christian Le Mière
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134117469
  • Category: History
  • Page: 192
  • View: 4178
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This book aims to redefine maritime diplomacy for the modern era. Maritime diplomacy encompasses a spectrum of activities, from co-operative measures such as port visits, exercises and humanitarian assistance to persuasive deployment and coercion. It is an activity no longer confined to just navies, but in the modern era is pursued be coast guards, civilian vessels and non-state groups. As states such as China and India develop, they are increasingly using this most flexible form of soft and hard power. Maritime Diplomacy in the 21st Century describes and analyses the concept of maritime diplomacy, which has been largely neglected in academic literature. The use of such diplomacy can be interesting not just for the parochial effects of any activity, but because any event can reflect changes in the international order, while acting as an excellent gauge for the existence and severity of international tension. Further, maritime diplomacy can act as a valve through which any tension can be released without resort to conflict. Written in an accessible but authoritative style, this book describes the continued use of coercion outside of war by navies, while also situating it more clearly within the various roles and effects that maritime forces have in peacetime. This book will be of much interest to students of seapower, naval history, strategic studies, diplomacy and international relations.

The Future of Power

The Future of Power

  • Author: Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
  • Publisher: PublicAffairs
  • ISBN: 1586488929
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 829
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Power evolves. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, unsurpassed in military strength and ownership of world resources, the United States was indisputably the most powerful nation in the world. But the global information age is rendering these traditional markers of power obsolete. To remain at the pinnacle of world power, the United States must adopt a strategy that considers the impact of the internet on global power resources. The Future of Power examines what it means to be powerful in the twenty-first century and illuminates the road ahead.

Soft Power and US Foreign Policy

Soft Power and US Foreign Policy

Theoretical, Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

  • Author: Inderjeet Parmar,Michael Cox
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135150486
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2089
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Soft power is the use of attraction and persuasion rather than the use of coercion or force in foreign policy. This volume features a brand new chapter by Joseph Nye outlining his views on soft, hard and smart power and offers a critique of the Bush administration’s inadequacies. The other contributions to the volume respond to Nye's views from a range of theoretical, historical and policy perspectives giving new insights in to both soft power and the concept of power itself.

Soft Power

Soft Power

China's Emerging Strategy in International Politics

  • Author: Mingjiang Li
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739133799
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 1309
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Soft power has become a very popular concept in international affairs, appearing in government policy papers, academic discussions, and the popular media. In China, soft power has become one of the most frequently used phrases among political leaders, leading academics, and journalists. Defined against hard power, which often involves threat and coercion, soft power applies attraction, persuasion, and cooperation, finding its sources in culture, political values, and foreign policies. China, rich in culture and traditional philosophy, boasts abundant sources of soft power. Soft Power attempts to analyze the domestic and international views of China's soft power, the main strengths and weaknesses of China's soft power, and the application of soft power in China's international politics. It provides a comprehensive exploration of the soft power dimension in China's foreign relations by integrating views from various disciplines, such as history, education, culture, political economy, comparative politics, and philosophy. The book argues that soft power has become a very popular concept in China, that China is contemplating and exploring an innovative strategy in its rise and international politics, and that there have been quite a few notable elements of this in China's diplomatic practice, including softer rhetoric, promotion of the Chinese culture abroad, economic diplomacy, and image building. The book also argues that the limitations of China's soft power primarily stem from political values and China's own transitions, and reflects the reality that views and opinions regarding China's soft power are fairly diverse both in China and in the international arena.

Russia, the West, and Military Intervention

Russia, the West, and Military Intervention

  • Author: Roy Allison
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019959063X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5358
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A detailed and carefully structured study of Soviet/Russian attitudes and responses to military interventions. It explores cases from the Gulf War in 1990 to the intervention led by Western states in Libya in 2011.

Hard Power

Hard Power

The New Politics of National Security

  • Author: Kurt Campbell,Michael O'Hanlon
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 046500380X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7377
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Our ideas about national security have changed radically over the last five years. It has become a political tool, a "wedge issue," a symbol of pride and fear. It is also the one issue above all others that can make or break an election. And this is why the Democratic Party has been steadily losing power since 2001. In Hard Power, Michael O'Hanlon, an expert on foreign policy at the Brookings Institution, and Kurt Campbell, an authority on international security at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, explain how the Democrats lost credibility on issues of security and foreign policy, how they can get it back--and why they must. They recall the successful Democratic military legacy of past decades, as well as recent Democratic innovations--like the Homeland Security Office and the idea of nation-building--that have been successfully co-opted by the Republican administration. And, most importantly, they develop a broad national security vision for America, including specific defense policies and a strategy to win the war on terror.

Soft Power on Hard Problems

Soft Power on Hard Problems

Strategic Influence in Irregular Warfare

  • Author: Ajit Maan,Amar Cheema
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 0761868410
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 140
  • View: 5283
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The authors of this book are uniquely qualified to analyze the contemporary security landscape and promote necessary and pressing change. Each is a thought leader in his or her field. Four out of six authors are seasoned military professionals who share the view that the over-reliance on kinetic approaches over influence operations account for some of the failures of nations against extremists. Combined with civilian academic leadership this book is a practice in military civics. This collection of international perspectives, taken together, challenge commonly held assumptions and outmoded paradigms of engagement. In tribute to Co-Editor Amar Cheema, Brigadier General (R) We wish to dedicate this collaborative effort arguing for a more profitable approach to ending and pre-empting conflict as a fitting, living tribute to our Dear Friend, Colleague and Co-Editor, Brig. Amar Cheema, the consummate Soldier, Scholar and Gentleman. Brig. Cheema embodied the concept of "no one appreciates peace and stability as much as a Soldier". Editing and Co-authoring our book focused on using all elements of National Power to achieve and sustain stability is an apt legacy for our Dear Friend.

The Power to Coerce

The Power to Coerce

Countering Adversaries Without Going to War

  • Author: David C. Gompert,Hans Binnendijk
  • Publisher: Rand Corporation
  • ISBN: 0833090615
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 42
  • View: 5337
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Mounting costs, risks, and public misgivings of waging war are raising the importance of U.S. power to coerce (P2C). The best P2C options are financial sanctions, support for nonviolent political opposition to hostile regimes, and offensive cyber operations. The state against which coercion is most difficult and risky is China, which also happens to pose the strongest challenge to U.S. military options in a vital region.

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

A Synthesis of Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism

  • Author: Giulio M. Gallarotti
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139489941
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7357
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How can nations optimize their power in the modern world system? Realist theory has underscored the importance of hard power as the ultimate path to national strength. In this vision, nations require the muscle and strategies to compel compliance and achieve their full power potential. But in fact, changes in world politics have increasingly encouraged national leaders to complement traditional power resources with more enlightened strategies oriented around the use of soft power resources. The resources to compel compliance have to be increasingly integrated with the resources to cultivate compliance. Only through this integration of hard and soft power can nations truly achieve their greatest strength in modern world politics, and this realization carries important implications for competing paradigms of international relations. The idea of power optimization can only be delivered through the integration of the three leading paradigms of international relations: Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism.

Bound to Lead

Bound to Lead

The Changing Nature of American Power

  • Author: Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465094163
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7800
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Is America still Number 1? A leading scholar of international politics and former State Department official takes issue with Paul Kennedy and others and clearly demonstrates that the United States is still the dominant world power, with no challenger in sight. But analogies about decline only divert policy makers from creating effective strategies for the future, says Nye. The nature of power has changed. The real-and unprecedented-challenge is managing the transition to growing global interdependence.

Russia’s Addiction

Russia’s Addiction

How Oil, Gas, and the Soviet Legacy Have Shaped a Nation s Fate

  • Author: Clifford G. Gaddy,Barry W. Ickes
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815727747
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4637
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Russia’s dependence on its oil and gas wealth is much deeper than generally recognized. Since their privatization in the 1990s, a small number of oligarchs have taken control of the economy, and the fates of millions of Russians. Vladimir Putin’s system of personal protection has been successful in keeping peace among these oligarchs and Russia’s industrial heartland—but can it continue? In Russia’s Addiction, Clifford Gaddy and Barry Ickes argue that the country’s addiction to oil and gas are a comparable to a physiological compulsion—the country understands that it is destroying itself by continuing down this road, but is unable to stop. They investigate the country’s dependence on oil, and how Putin manages to run his corrupt system, focusing on keeping oligarchs happy and expecting their full support in return. And they ask the important question: What will happen to this system when Putin is gone?

Bombs Without Boots

Bombs Without Boots

The Limits of Airpower

  • Author: Anthony M. Schinella
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 9780815732419
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 300
  • View: 3238
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Airpower can achieve military objectives--sometimes, in some circumstances It sounds simple: using airpower to intervene militarily in conflicts, thus minimizing the deaths of soldiers and civilians while achieving both tactical and strategic objectives. In reality, airpower alone sometimes does win battles, but the costs can be high and the long-term consequences may fall short of what decision-makers had in mind. This book by a long-time U.S. intelligence analyst assesses the military operations and post-conflict outcomes in five cases since the mid-1990s in which the United States and/or its allies used airpower to -solve- military problems: Bosnia in 1995, Kosovo in 1999, Afghanistan in 2001, Lebanon in 2006, and Libya in 2011. In each of these cases, airpower helped achieve the immediate objective, but the long-term outcomes often diverged significantly from the original intent of policymakers. The author concludes that airpower sometimes can be effective when used to support indigenous ground forces, but decision-makers should carefully consider all the circumstances before sending planes, drones, or missiles aloft.

The Russian Challenge

The Russian Challenge

  • Author: Keir Giles,James Nixey,Roderic Lyne,Andrew Wood,James Sherr
  • Publisher: Chatham House (Formerly Riia)
  • ISBN: 9781784130541
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 37
  • View: 637
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The war in Ukraine, and Vladimir Putin's bid to overturn the post-Cold War international settlement in Europe, have forced many Western governments to reappraise their approach to Russia. Until 2003, it was widely believed that a modernizing Russia might be accommodated into the international system as a constructive and benign actor. Variations on this view have given way to the realization that Russia, on its present course, cannot be a partner or ally, and that differences outweigh any common interests. Russia needs reform, but the domestic political obstacles to it are daunting. At the same time, if Moscow maintains its current course, in both economic management and international relations, this will be increasingly dangerous for Europe and costly, if not disastrous, for Russia. The questions addressed in this report are how far those costs will rise, whether Russia can bear them, what will happen if it cannot, and how the West should respond in the near and longer term.