Search Results for "hilary-putnam-realism-reason-and-the-uses-of-uncertainty"

Hilary Putnam

Hilary Putnam

Realism, Reason and the Uses of Uncertainty

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • ISBN: 9780719061967
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3950
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This study examines Hilary Putnam's work in epistemology, philosophy of science and mathematics, philosophical logic and semantics and cognitive psychology. It takes account of his various shifts in philosophical viewpoint over the past four decades, and demonstrates how Putnam arrived at the different positions he has occupied during his career, and discusses the various forms of anti-realist doctrine with which he has engaged. The workd offers commentary on Putnam's writing about conceptual problems in the interpretation of quantum mechanics and places Putnam's work in a wider philosophical context, relating it to various contemporary debates in epistemology and the philosophy of science.

Re-Thinking the Cogito

Re-Thinking the Cogito

Naturalism, Reason and the Venture of Thought

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441160167
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2357
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Re-Thinking the Cogito seeks to combine a strongly naturalistic with a distinctively rationalist perspective on some nowadays much-discussed issues in philosophy of mind. Against the common view that they involve downright incompatible conceptions of mind, knowledge and ethics it seeks to unite a naturalism that draws on recent advances in neurophysiology and cognitive science with an outlook that gives full weight to those normative values at the heart of rationalist thought. True to the book's constructive spirit, Norris offers various detailed proposals for bringing the two approaches into a mutually enhancing - though also mutually provocative - relationship. He finds that claim strikingly prefigured in Spinoza's working-out of a non-reductive yet metaphysically uncompromising mind/body monism. Moreover he suggests how a thoroughly naturalised approach might yet become a locus of productive engagement with the work of an ultra-rationalist thinker such as Alain Badiou. Thus Norris puts the case that physically embodied human thought has cognitive, intellectual and creative powers that cannot and need not be accounted for in terms of conscious (let alone self-conscious) reflection.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America

From 1600 to the Present

  • Author: John R. Shook
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472570561
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 944
  • View: 1262
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For scholars working on almost any aspect of American thought, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America presents an indispensable reference work. Selecting over 700 figures from the Dictionary of Early American Philosophers and the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, this condensed edition includes key contributors to philosophical thought. From 1600 to the present day, entries cover psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology and political science, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy. Clear and accessible, each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, a bibliography of writings and suggestions for further reading. Featuring a new preface by the editor and a comprehensive introduction, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America includes 30 new entries on twenty-first century thinkers including Martha Nussbaum and Patricia Churchland. With in-depth overviews of Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Noah Porter, Frederick Rauch, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, this is an invaluable one-stop research volume to understanding leading figures in American thought and the development of American intellectual history.

Hilary Putnam

Hilary Putnam

  • Author: Lance P. Hickey
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441134166
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 200
  • View: 7905
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This book offers an overview of Putnam's ideas, his key writings and his contributions to the various fields of philosophy. Thematically organized, the book begins with Putnam's work in the philosophy of language and shows how his theory of semantic externalism serves as a lynchpin for understanding his thought as a whole. Crucially, the author also examines the ways in which Putnam has shifted his position on some key philosophical issues and argues that there is in fact more unity to Putnam's thought than is widely believed. An entire chapter is devoted to Putnam's pragmatism and the possibilities this provides for revitalizing contemporary philosophy. This is the ideal companion to study of this hugely influential thinker.

Derrida, Badiou and the Formal Imperative

Derrida, Badiou and the Formal Imperative

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441193979
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2677
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In this path-breaking study Christopher Norris proposes a transformed understanding of the much-exaggerated differences between analytic and continental philosophy. While keeping the analytic tradition squarely in view his book focuses on the work of Jacques Derrida and Alain Badiou, two of the most original and significant figures in the recent history of ideas. Norris argues that these thinkers have decisively reconfigured the terrain of contemporary philosophy and, between them, pointed a way beyond some of those seemingly intractable issues that have polarised debate on both sides of the notional rift between the analytic and continental traditions. In particular his book sets out to show - against the received analytic wisdom - that continental philosophy has its own analytic resources and is capable of bringing some much-needed fresh insight to bear on problems in philosophy of language, logic and mathematics. Norris provides not only a unique comparative account of Derrida's and Badiou's work but also a remarkably wide-ranging assessment of their joint contribution to philosophy's current - if widely resisted - potential for self-transformation.

Philosophical Papers: Volume 3, Realism and Reason

Philosophical Papers: Volume 3, Realism and Reason

  • Author: Hilary Putnam
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521313940
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 332
  • View: 2273
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Volume Three is the completion of philosophical papers by one of America's most distinguished philosophers. His works mark his highly significant and original contribution in a number of related fields and they have been praised for "their sophistication, clear sightedness, depth and power".

Quantum Theory and the Flight from Realism

Quantum Theory and the Flight from Realism

Philosophical Responses to Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134595247
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 280
  • View: 7789
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This book is a critical introduction to the long-standing debate concerning the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics and the problems it has posed for physicists and philosophers from Einstein to the present. Quantum theory has been a major infulence on postmodernism, and presents significant problems for realists. Keeping his own realist position in check, Christopher Norris subjects a wide range of key opponents and supporters of realism to a high and equal level of scrutiny. With a characteristic combination of rigour and intellectual generosity, he draws out the merits and weaknesses from opposing arguments. In a sequence of closely argued chapters, Norris examines the premises of orthodox quantum theory, as developed most influentially by Bohr and Heisenberg, and its impact on varous philosophical developments. These include the ideas developed by W.V Quine, Thomas Kuhn, Michael Dummett, Bas van Fraassen, and Hilary Puttnam. In each case, Norris argues, these thinkers have been influenced by the orthodox construal of quantum mechanics as requiring drastic revision of principles which had hitherto defined the very nature of scientific method, causal explanati and rational enquiry. Putting the case for a realist approach which adheres to well-tried scientific principles of causal reasoning and inference to the best explanation, Christopher Norris clarifies these debates to a non-specialist readership and scholars of philosophy, science studies and the philosophy of science alike. Quantum Theory and the Flight From Realism suggests that philosophical reflection can contribute to a better understanding of these crucial, current issues.

Philosophical Papers: Volume 3, Realism and Reason

Philosophical Papers: Volume 3, Realism and Reason

  • Author: Hilary Putnam
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521246729
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 328
  • View: 940
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This is the third volume of Hilary Putnam's philosophical papers, published in paperback for the first time. The volume contains his major essays from 1975 to 1982, which reveal a large shift in emphasis in the 'realist' position developed in his earlier work. While not renouncing those views, Professor Putnam has continued to explore their epistemological consequences and conceptual history. He now, crucially, sees theories of truth and of meaning that derive from a firm notion of reference as inadequate.

Hilary Putnam

Hilary Putnam

Pragmatism and Realism

  • Author: James Conant,Urszula M. Zeglen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134520204
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9202
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One of the most influential contemporary philosophers, Hilary Putnam's involvement in philosophy spans philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, ontology and epistemology and logic. This specially commissioned collection discusses his contribution to the realist and pragmatist debate. Hilary Putnam comments on the issues raised in each article, making it invaluable for any scholar of his work.

On Truth and Meaning

On Truth and Meaning

Language, Logic and the Grounds of Belief

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780826491282
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 205
  • View: 6555
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Examining key issues in the philosophy of logic, mind and language, this book proposes grounds for a different era of cooperation and mutual interrogative exchange between the two schools of thought. It explores both traditions alongside one another in order to point up certain contrasts or communities of interest.

Life.After.Theory

Life.After.Theory

  • Author: Michael Payne
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441178058
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 210
  • View: 6038
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Is there life after theory? If the death of the Author has now been followed by the death of the Theorist, what's left? Indeed, who's left? To explore such riddles Life. After.Theory brings together new interviews with four theorists who are left, each a major figure in their own right: Jacques Derrida, Frank Kermode, Toril Moi, and Christopher Norris. Framed and introduced by Michael Payne and John Schad, the interviews pursue a whole range of topics, both familiar and unfamiliar. Among other things, Derrida, Kermode, Moi and Norris discuss being an outsider, taking responsibility, valuing books, getting angry, doing science, listening to music, remembering Empson, rereading de Beauvoir, being Jewish, asking forgiveness, smoking in libraries, befriending the dead, committing bigamy, forgetting to forget, thinking, not thinking, believing, and being mad. These four key thinkers explore why there is life after theory...but not as we know it. Jacques Derrida is Professor at the +cole des Hautes +tudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. He is the author of a range of extraordinarily influential works including Of Grammatology, Writing and Difference and Dissemination. Sir Frank Kermode is a former King Edward VII Professor of English Literature at the University of Cambridge and author of, among many other books, The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction, Shakespeare's Language, and Not Entitled, his memoirs. Toril Moi is James B. Duke Professor of Literature and Romance Studies at Duke University. Her books include Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory, Simone de Beauvoir: The Making of an Intellectual Woman and What Is a Woman? And Other Essays. Christopher Norris is Distinguished Research Professor in Philosophy at the University of Cardiff. He has published some twenty books to date, including, most recently, Deconstruction and the Unfinished Project of Modernity, Quantum Theory and the Flight from Realism, Truth Matters: Realism, Anti-Realism, and Response-Dependence, and Hilary Putnam: Reason, Realism, and the Uses of Uncertainty.

Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism

Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism

  • Author: Christopher Norris
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415327855
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 203
  • View: 5313
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In this book Christopher Norris develops the case for scientific realism by tackling various adversary arguments from a range of anti-realist positions. Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense on any rational, consistent, and scientifically-informed survey of the evidence. Along the way he incorporates a number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science. Norris devotes much of his discussion to some of the most prominent and widely influential source-texts of anti-realism. Also included are the sophisticated versions of verificationism developed - albeit in very different ways - by thinkers such as Michael Dummett and Bas van Fraassen. Central to Norris's argument is a prolonged engagement with the once highly influential but nowadays neglected work of Norwood Russell Hanson. This book will be welcomed especially by readers who possess some knowledge of the background debate and who wish to deepen and extend their understanding of these issues beyond an introductory level.

Conjectures and Refutations

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

  • Author: Karl Popper
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135971374
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 608
  • View: 9439
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Modern logic and quantum mechanics

Modern logic and quantum mechanics

  • Author: Rachel Wallace Garden
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 9158
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A Thing of This World

A Thing of This World

A History of Continental Anti-Realism

  • Author: Lee Braver
  • Publisher: Northwestern University Press
  • ISBN: 0810123800
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 590
  • View: 8144
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Shows how one of the standard issues of analytic philosophy - realism and anti-realism - has also been at the heart of continental philosophy. Using a framework derived from prominent analytic thinkers, this book traces the roots of anti-realism to Kant's idea that the mind actively organizes experience.

Reason, Truth and History

Reason, Truth and History

  • Author: Hilary Putnam
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139935666
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3121
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Hilary Putnam deals in this book with some of the most fundamental persistent problems in philosophy: the nature of truth, knowledge and rationality. His aim is to break down the fixed categories of thought which have always appeared to define and constrain the permissible solutions to these problems.

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature

  • Author: Richard Rorty
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691141329
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 439
  • View: 1161
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Includes the previously unpublished essay "The philosopher as expert."

Reading Putnam

Reading Putnam

  • Author: Bob Hale,Peter Clark
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9780631199953
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3765
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From the philosophy of mind and language, through physics and mathematics, to the philosophy of the human sciences, morality and religion, there is almost no area of philosophy to which Hilary Putnam has not made highly original and influential contributions. This wide-ranging collection of papers provides a critical assessment and exploration of Putnam's Seminal Work. Written by Philosophers themselves well known for their work in the field, each essay bears witness to the continuing influence and importance of Putnam's thought. Putnam's reply constitutes an extensive new essay which clarifies, and develops further, central themes in his philosophy. This volume includes papers by Simon Blackburn, George Boolos, Michael Hallett, Michael Redhead, Thomas Ricketts, David Wiggins and Crispin Wright.

Arguing about Science

Arguing about Science

  • Author: Alexander Bird,James Ladyman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415492297
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 795
  • View: 4651
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Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine. The editors bring together some of the most influential contributions of famous philosophers in the field, including John Stuart Mill and Karl Popper, as well as more recent extracts from philosophers and scientists such as Ian Hacking, Stephen Jay Gould, Bas van Fraassen, Nancy Cartwright, and John Worrall. The anthology is organised into nine clear sections: science, non science and pseudo-science race, gender and science scientific reasoning scientific explanation laws and causation science and medicine probability and forensic science risk, uncertainty and science policy scientific realism and anti-realism. The articles chosen are clear, interesting, and free from unnecessary jargon. The editors provide lucid introductions to each section in which they provide an overview of the debate, as well as suggestions for further reading.

Contact with Reality

Contact with Reality

Michael Polanyi's Realism and Why It Matters

  • Author: Esther Lightcap Meek
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1498239846
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5991
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Is knowledge discovered, or just invented? Can we ever get outside ourselves to know how reality is in itself, independent of us? Philosophical realism raises the question whether in our knowing we connect with an independent reality--or only connect with our own mental constructs. Far from being a silly parlor game, the question impacts our lives concretely and deeply. Modern Western culture has been infected with antirealism and the doubt, skepticism, subjectivism, relativism, and atheism that attends it--not to mention distrust and arbitrary (mis)use of reality. Premier scientist-turned-philosopher Michael Polanyi stepped aside from research to offer an innovative account of knowing that takes its cue from how discovery actually happens. Polanyi defied the antirealism of the twentieth century, sounding a ringing note of hope in his repeated claim that in discovery, we know we have made contact with reality because "we have a sense of the possibility of indeterminate future manifestations." And that sense marks contact with reality, because it is the way reality is: abundant, generous, and fraught with as-yet-unnameable possibilities. This book examines that distinctive claim, contrasting it to the wider philosophical discussions regarding realism and antirealism in the recent decades. It shows why Polanyi's outlook is superior, and why that matters, not just to scientific discoverers, but to us all.