Search Results for "history-of-the-twentieth-century"

International Financial History in the Twentieth Century

International Financial History in the Twentieth Century

System and Anarchy

  • Author: Marc Flandreau,Carl-Ludwig Holtfrerich
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521819954
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 278
  • View: 5174
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This book presents a history of the international financial system in terms of the globalization debate.

International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond

International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond

  • Author: Antony Best,Jussi Hanhimaki,Joseph A. Maiolo,Kirsten E. Schulze
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134070810
  • Category: History
  • Page: 640
  • View: 747
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This major global history of the twentieth century is written by four prominent international historians for first-year undergraduate level and upward. Using their thematic and regional expertise, the authors cover events in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas from the last century and beyond. Among the areas this book covers are: the decline of European hegemony over the international order the diffusion of power to the two superpowers the rise of newly independent states in Asia and Africa the course and consequences of the major global conflicts of the twentieth century. This second edition is thoroughly updated, and includes extended coverage of European integration, the rise of supra-governmental organizations, and the ‘global War on Terror'. A support website provides supplementary exercises, questions and tutor guidance.

A History of Twentieth-Century Music in a Theoretic-Analytical Context

A History of Twentieth-Century Music in a Theoretic-Analytical Context

  • Author: Elliott Antokoletz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135037302
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 528
  • View: 7260
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A History of Twentieth-Century Music in a Theoretic-Analytical Context is an integrated account of the genres and concepts of twentieth-century art music, organized topically according to aesthetic, stylistic, technical, and geographic categories, and set within the larger political, social, economic, and cultural framework. While the organization is topical, it is historical within that framework. Musical issues interwoven with political, cultural, and social conditions have had a significant impact on the course of twentieth-century musical tendencies and styles. The goal of this book is to provide a theoretic-analytical basis that will appeal to those instructors who want to incorporate into student learning an analysis of the musical works that have reflected cultural influences on the major musical phenomena of the twentieth century. Focusing on the wide variety of theoretical issues spawned by twentieth-century music, A History of Twentieth-Century Music in a Theoretic-Analytical Context reflects the theoretical/analytical essence of musical structure and design.

Music in the Early Twentieth Century: The Oxford History of Western Music

Music in the Early Twentieth Century: The Oxford History of Western Music

  • Author: Richard Taruskin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199796017
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 880
  • View: 1382
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The universally acclaimed and award-winning Oxford History of Western Music is the eminent musicologist Richard Taruskin's provocative, erudite telling of the story of Western music from its earliest days to the present. Each book in this superlative five-volume set illuminates-through a representative sampling of masterworks-the themes, styles, and currents that give shape and direction to a significant period in the history of Western music. Music in the Early Twentieth Century , the fourth volume in Richard Taruskin's history, looks at the first half of the twentieth century, from the beginnings of Modernism in the last decade of the nineteenth century right up to the end of World War II. Taruskin discusses modernism in Germany and France as reflected in the work of Mahler, Strauss, Satie, and Debussy, the modern ballets of Stravinsky, the use of twelve-tone technique in the years following World War I, the music of Charles Ives, the influence of peasant songs on Bela Bartok, Stravinsky's neo-classical phase and the real beginnings of 20th-century music, the vision of America as seen in the works of such composers as W.C. Handy, George Gershwin, and Virgil Thomson, and the impact of totalitarianism on the works of a range of musicians from Toscanini to Shostakovich

Music in the Late Twentieth Century

Music in the Late Twentieth Century

The Oxford History of Western Music

  • Author: Richard Taruskin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199796009
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 610
  • View: 5580
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The universally acclaimed and award-winning Oxford History of Western Music is the eminent musicologist Richard Taruskin's provocative, erudite telling of the story of Western music from its earliest days to the present. Each book in this superlative five-volume set illuminates-through a representative sampling of masterworks-the themes, styles, and currents that give shape and direction to a significant period in the history of Western music. Music in the Late Twentieth Century is the final installment of the set, covering the years from the end of World War II to the present. In these pages, Taruskin illuminates the great compositions of recent times, offering insightful analyses of works by Aaron Copland, John Cage, Milton Babbitt, Benjamin Britten, Steve Reich, and Philip Glass, among many others. He also looks at the impact of electronic music and computers, the rise of pop music and rock 'n' roll, the advent of postmodernism, and the contemporary music of Laurie Anderson, John Zorn, and John Adams. Laced with brilliant observations, memorable musical analysis, and a panoramic sense of the interactions between history, culture, politics, art, literature, religion, and music, this book will be essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand this rich and diverse period.

Prague, Capital of the Twentieth Century

Prague, Capital of the Twentieth Century

A Surrealist History

  • Author: Derek Sayer
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691043809
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 595
  • View: 3587
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Asserts that Prague could well be seen as the capital of the 20th century, describing how the city has experienced (and suffered) more ways of being modern than perhaps any other metropolis.

Prime Time

Prime Time

A History of the Middle Aged in Twentieth-Century Britain

  • Author: John Benson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317890442
  • Category: History
  • Page: 176
  • View: 2787
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Numerous studies consider the history of childhood, adolescence and old age, yet the middle aged, consistently the most productive and powerful of age groups have been consistently ignored. In this pioneering study John Benson considers how perceptions and experience of middle age have changed, and how its power-base has diminished, affected by the steady ageing of the population the increasing independence of the yound and growing economic insecurity. This thought-provoking study also illuminates the whole economic, social and cultural history of twentieth-century Britain.

Über Tyrannei

Über Tyrannei

Zwanzig Lektionen für den Widerstand

  • Author: Timothy Snyder
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 3406711472
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 127
  • View: 4383
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Wir sind nicht klüger als die Menschen, die erlebt haben, wie überall in Europa die Demokratie unterging und Faschismus, Nationalsozialismus und Kommunismus kamen. Aber einen Vorteil haben wir. Wir können aus ihren Erfahrungen lernen. „Leiste keinen vorauseilenden Gehorsam.“ So lautet die erste von 20 Lektionen für den Widerstand, mit denen Timothy Snyder die Bürger der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vorbereitet auf das, was gestern noch unvorstellbar zu sein schien: einen Präsidenten, der das Gesicht der Demokratie verstümmelt und eine rechtsradikale Tyrannei errichtet. Doch nicht nur in den USA sind Populismus und autoritäres Führertum auf dem Vormarsch. Auch in Europa rückt die Gefahr von rechts immer näher – als ob es das 20. Jahrhundert und seine blutigen Lehren niemals gegeben hätte. Snyders historische Lektionen, die international Aufsehen erregt haben, sind ein Leitfaden für alle, die jetzt handeln wollen - und nicht erst, wenn es zu spät ist. Lektion 8: „Setze ein Zeichen.“ Dieses Buch tut es. Tun Sie es auch.

History of Humanity – Vol. VII – The Twentieth Century

History of Humanity – Vol. VII – The Twentieth Century

Scientific and Cultural Development

  • Author: Sarvepalli Gopal
  • Publisher: UNESCO
  • ISBN: 9231040839
  • Category: Civilization
  • Page: 904
  • View: 8247
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Shadows of War

Shadows of War

A Social History of Silence in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Efrat Ben-Ze’ev,Ruth Ginio,Jay Winter
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484346
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9327
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Silence lies between forgetting and remembering. This book explores how different societies have constructed silences to enable men and women to survive and make sense of the catastrophic consequences of armed conflict. Using a range of disciplinary approaches, it examines the silences that have followed violence in twentieth-century Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. These essays show that silence is a powerful language of remembrance and commemoration and a cultural practice with its own rules. This broad-ranging book discloses the universality of silence in the ways we think about war through examples ranging from the Spanish Civil War and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the Armenian Genocide and South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Bringing together scholarship on varied practices in different cultures, this book breaks new ground in the vast literature on memory, and opens up new avenues of reflection and research on the lingering aftermath of war.

The Rise and Fall of the British Nation

The Rise and Fall of the British Nation

A Twentieth-Century History

  • Author: David Edgerton
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141975962
  • Category: History
  • Page: 720
  • View: 6930
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From the acclaimed author of Britain's War Machine and The Shock of the Old, a bold reassessment of Britain's twentieth century. Itis usual to see the United Kingdom as an island of continuity in an otherwiseconvulsed and unstable Europe; its political history a smooth sequence ofadministrations, from building a welfare state to coping with decline. Nobodywould dream of writing the history of Germany, say, or the Soviet Union in thisway. David Edgerton's major new history breaks out of the confines of traditionalBritish national history to redefine what it was to British, and to reveal anunfamiliar place, subject to huge disruptions. This was not simply because ofthe world wars and global economic transformations, but in its very nature. Until the 1940s the United Kingdom was, Edgerton argues, an exceptionalplace: liberal, capitalist and anti-nationalist, at the heart of a European andglobal web of trade and influence. Then, as its global position collapsed, itbecame, for the first time and only briefly, a real, successful nation, with shared goals, horizons andindustry, before reinventing itself again in the 1970s as part of the EuropeanUnion and as the host for international capital, no longer capable of being anation. Packed with surprising examples and arguments, The Rise and Fall of theBritish Nation gives usa grown-up, unsentimental history which takes business and warfare seriously,and which is crucial at a moment of serious reconsideration for the country andits future.

Pantone: The Twentieth Century in Color

Pantone: The Twentieth Century in Color

  • Author: Leatrice Eiseman,Keith Recker
  • Publisher: Chronicle Books
  • ISBN: 0811877566
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 207
  • View: 8510
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Summer is the best season of all. Dive into this collection of poetic and mesmerizing images curated by photographer Joanne Dugan. Quotes from writers and luminaries intermingle with interpretive vignettes that instantly evoke the perfect summer moment. Enjoy the adventure and stillness of your favorite season all year round withSummertime.

Policing Twentieth Century Ireland

Policing Twentieth Century Ireland

A History of An Garda Síochána

  • Author: Vicky Conway
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135089558
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4460
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The twentieth century was a time of rapid social change in Ireland: from colonial rule to independence, civil war and later the Troubles; from poverty to globalisation and the Celtic Tiger; and from the rise to the fall of the Catholic Church. Policing in Ireland has been shaped by all of these changes. This book critically evaluates the creation of the new police force, an Garda Síochána, in the 1920s and analyses how this institution was influenced by and responded to these substantial changes. Beginning with an overview of policing in pre-independence Ireland, this book chronologically charts the history of policing in Ireland. It presents data from oral history interviews with retired gardaí who served between the 1950s and 1990s, giving unique insight into the experience of policing Ireland, the first study of its kind in Ireland. Particular attention is paid to the difficulties of transition, the early encounters with the IRA, the policing of the Blueshirts, the world wars, gangs in Dublin and the growth of drugs and crime. Particularly noteworthy is the analysis of policing the Troubles and the immense difficulties that generated. This book is essential reading for those interested in policing or Irish history, but is equally important for those concerned with the legacy of colonialism and transition.

Neutrality in Twentieth-century Europe

Neutrality in Twentieth-century Europe

Intersections of Science, Culture, and Politics After the First World War

  • Author: Rebecka Lettevall,Geert Somsen,Sven Widmalm
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415893771
  • Category: History
  • Page: 351
  • View: 7550
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Whether in science or in international politics, neutrality has sometimes been promoted, not only as a viable political alternative but as a lofty ideal – in politics by nations proclaiming their peacefulness, in science as an underpinning of epistemology, in journalism and other intellectual pursuits as a foundation of a professional ethos. Time and again scientists and other intellectuals have claimed their endeavors to be neutral, elevated above the world of partisan conflict and power politics. This volume studies the resonances between neutrality in science and culture and neutrality in politics. By analyzing the activities of scientists, intellectuals, and politicians (sometimes overlapping categories) of mostly neutral nations in the First World War and after, it traces how an ideology of neutralism was developed that soon was embraced by international organizations. This book explores how the notion of neutrality has been used and how a neutralist discourse developed in history. None of the contributions take claims of neutrality at face value – some even show how they were made to advance partisan interests. The concept was typically clustered with notions, such as peace, internationalism, objectivity, rationality, and civilization. But its meaning was changeable – varying with professional, ideological, or national context. As such, Neutrality in Twentieth-Century Europe presents a different perspective on the century than the story of the great belligerent powers, and one in which science, culture, and politics are inextricably mixed.

The Sounding of the Whale

The Sounding of the Whale

Science and Cetaceans in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: D. Graham Burnett
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226081338
  • Category: History
  • Page: 824
  • View: 817
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From the Bible’s “Canst thou raise leviathan with a hook?” to Captain Ahab’s “From Hell’s heart I stab at thee!,” from the trials of Job to the legends of Sinbad, whales have breached in the human imagination as looming figures of terror, power, confusion, and mystery. In the twentieth century, however, our understanding of and relationship to these superlatives of creation underwent some astonishing changes, and with The Sounding of the Whale, D. Graham Burnett tells the fascinating story of the transformation of cetaceans from grotesque monsters, useful only as wallowing kegs of fat and fertilizer, to playful friends of humanity, bellwethers of environmental devastation, and, finally, totems of the counterculture in the Age of Aquarius. When Burnett opens his story, ignorance reigns: even Nature was misclassifying whales at the turn of the century, and the only biological study of the species was happening in gruesome Arctic slaughterhouses. But in the aftermath of World War I, an international effort to bring rational regulations to the whaling industry led to an explosion of global research—and regulations that, while well-meaning, were quashed, or widely flouted, by whaling nations, the first shot in a battle that continues to this day. The book closes with a look at the remarkable shift in public attitudes toward whales that began in the 1960s, as environmental concerns and new discoveries about whale behavior combined to make whales an object of sentimental concern and public adulation. A sweeping history, grounded in nearly a decade of research, The Sounding of the Whale tells a remarkable story of how science, politics, and simple human wonder intertwined to transform the way we see these behemoths from below.

Topics of Our Time

Topics of Our Time

Twentieth-century Issues in Learning and in Art

  • Author: Ernst Hans Gombrich
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520075160
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 223
  • View: 3568
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The Oxford History of Twentieth Century

The Oxford History of Twentieth Century

  • Author: Michael Howard,William Roger Louis
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780192803788
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 5038
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'This is a small book but a big achievement- praise for previous edition,' The TimesOver the course of the twentieth-century, the human population of the world tripled, two cataclysmic wars were fought, and computer technology revolutionised communication. In this ambitious book, 26 of the world's most distinguished historians survey these momentous events, with a look forward to what the future might bring. Early chapters take a global overview from a variety of perspectives - demographic, scientific, economic, cultural - and further chapters chart the century's course, region by region.

A History of Catholic Moral Theology in the Twentieth Century

A History of Catholic Moral Theology in the Twentieth Century

From Confessing Sins to Liberating Consciences

  • Author: James F. Keenan
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1441189483
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5461
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This is an historical survey of 20th Century Roman Catholic Theological Ethics (also known as moral theology). The thesis is that only through historical investigation can we really understand how the most conservative and negative field in Catholic theology at the beginning of the 20th could become by the end of the 20th century the most innovative one. The 20th century begins with moral manuals being translated into the vernacular. After examining the manuals of Thomas Slater and Henry Davis, Keenan then turns to three works and a crowning synthesis of innovation all developed before, during and soon after the Second World War. The first by Odon Lottin asks whether moral theology is adequately historical; Fritz Tillmann asks whether it's adequately biblical; and Gerard Gilleman, whether it's adequately spiritual. Bernard Haering integrates these contributions into his Law of Christ. Of course, people like Gerald Kelly and John Ford in the US are like a few moralists elsewhere, classical gate keepers, censoring innovation. But with Humanae vitae, and successive encyclicals, bishops and popes reject the direction of moral theologians. At the same time, moral theologians, like Josef Fuchs, ask whether the locus of moral truth is in continuous, universal teachings of the magisterium or in the moral judgment of the informed conscience. In their move toward a deeper appreciation of their field as forming consciences, they turn more deeply to local experience where they continue their work of innovation. Each continent subsequently gives rise to their own respondents: In Europe they speak of autonomy and personalism; in Latin America, liberation theology; in North America, Feminism and Black Catholic theology; and, in Asia and Africa a deep post-colonial interculturatism. At the end I assert that in its nature, theological ethics is historical and innovative, seeking moral truth for the conscience by looking to speak crossculturally.

A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century

A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Luis Alberto Romero
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271021918
  • Category: History
  • Page: 370
  • View: 7313
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This text is a reflection on the "Argentine dilemma" and the challenges that the country faces as it tries to rebuild democracy. The author painstakingly reconstructs and analyzes Argentina's modern history, from the "alluvial society" born of mass immigration, to the dramatic years of Juan and Eva Perón, to the more recent period of military dictatorship and democracy. For this English-language edition, the author has also written a new chapter covering the decade of the 1990s.