Search Results for "history-of-western-philosophy-and-its-connection-with-political-and-social-circumstances-from-the-earliest-times-to-the-present-day"

Denker des Abendlandes

Denker des Abendlandes

eine Geschichte der Philosophie

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783868201277
  • Category:
  • Page: 430
  • View: 8089
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A History of Western Philosophy

A History of Western Philosophy

And Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 895
  • View: 3998
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The Crooked Timber of Humanity

The Crooked Timber of Humanity

Chapters in the History of Ideas, Second Edition

  • Author: Isaiah Berlin
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400847818
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 384
  • View: 8887
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"Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made."--Immanuel Kant Isaiah Berlin was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century--an activist of the intellect who marshaled vast erudition and eloquence in defense of the endangered values of individual liberty and moral and political plurality. In The Crooked Timber of Humanity he exposes the links between the ideas of the past and the social and political cataclysms of our own time: between the Platonic belief in absolute truth and the lure of authoritarianism; between the eighteenth-century reactionary ideologue Joseph de Maistre and twentieth-century Fascism; between the romanticism of Schiller and Byron and the militant--and sometimes genocidal--nationalism that convulses the modern world. This new edition features a revised text that supplants all previous versions, a new foreword in which award-winning novelist John Banville discusses Berlin's life and ideas, particularly his defense of pluralism, and a substantial new appendix that provides rich context, including letters by Berlin and previously uncollected writings, most notably his virtuoso review of Bertrand Russell's A History of Western Philosophy.

Melancholy Duty

Melancholy Duty

The Hume-Gibbon Attack on Christianity

  • Author: S.P. Foster
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401722358
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 362
  • View: 1143
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This book studies the complementary features of the thought of David Hume and Edward Gibbon in the complete range of its confrontation with eighteenth-century Christianity. The ten chapters explore the iconoclasm of these two philosophical historians - Hume as the premier philosopher, Gibbon as the consummate historian - as they labored to `naturalize' the study of Christianity, particularly with attention to its social and political dimensions. No other work deals as comprehensively or thoroughly with the attempt of philosophical history's challenge to Christianity. Belief in miracles and the afterlife, the dimensions of fanaticism and superstition, and the nature of religious persecution were the themes that occupied Hume and Gibbon in the making of their critique of Christianity. This book makes a valuable contribution to scholarship in a number of fields including the history of ideas, religious studies, and philosophy. It will be of interest to philosophers of religion, historians of ideas, eighteenth-century intellectual historians, scholars of the Scottish Enlightenment, and Hume and Gibbon scholars.

Values, Ethics and Health Care

Values, Ethics and Health Care

  • Author: Peter Duncan
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446246671
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 168
  • View: 469
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"This book encourages readers to reflect on the nature and values of health care practice through its challenging but accessible style. It will be a stimulating and thought-provoking read for anyone involved in day-to-day health care." - Professor Jane Wills, London South Bank University "[This book] offers frameworks and guidance that all health care workers will find stimulating and challenging and that all of them will benefit by considering." - Professor Linda Jones, Open University Why is thinking about values and ethics a crucial component of health care training and practice? How can we go about engaging in such thinking? Values, Ethics and Health Care responds to these essential questions. It examines key ethical frameworks and debates within the field of healthcare, locating them firmly in their social and occupational contexts. Guiding students through a range of dilemmas and difficulties encountered in health care practice with case studies and real-life examples, this lively text illustrates how to apply knowledge to professional practice and decision-making. Key features of the book: - Offers a critical and reflective understanding of health care ethics and values - Presents an interprofessional approach - Relates theory to 'everyday' ethics - Includes student-friendly features such as real-life examples, 'thinking about' points and links to further reading. The book will be essential reading for undergraduates taking modules in Values, Ethics and Professional Practice as part of health studies degree programmes. It will also be useful for postgraduates as well as practitioners in the field.

The Handy Philosophy Answer Book

The Handy Philosophy Answer Book

  • Author: Naomi Zack
  • Publisher: Visible Ink Press
  • ISBN: 1578592852
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 504
  • View: 4496
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Combining a basic history of philosophical thought with the often quirky personal stories of famous philosophers, this comprehensive introduction to the world of philosophy answers more than 1,000 questions, ranging from What was the Enlightenment? to Why did the Pythagorians avoid fava beans? Analyzing the collective effort of philosophers throughout history in the pursuit of truth and wisdom, the guide explores the tangible significance of philosophical thought to modern society and civilization as a whole. With a wide range of information suitable for various knowledge bases—from junior high to junior college—this is an ideal resource for anyone looking to get a better grasp of the history of thought.

The Secular Outlook

The Secular Outlook

In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism

  • Author: Paul Cliteur
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781444390445
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5071
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The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism shows how people can live together and overcome the challenge of religious terrorism by adopting a "secular outlook" on life and politics. Shows how secularism can answer the problem of religious terrorism Provides new perspectives on how religious minorities can be integrated into liberal democracies Reveals how secularism has gained a new political and moral significance. Also examines such topics as atheism, religious criticism and free speech

Rigor and Structure

Rigor and Structure

  • Author: John P. Burgess
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019103360X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3817
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While we are commonly told that the distinctive method of mathematics is rigorous proof, and that the special topic of mathematics is abstract structure, there has been no agreement among mathematicians, logicians, or philosophers as to just what either of these assertions means. John P. Burgess clarifies the nature of mathematical rigor and of mathematical structure, and above all of the relation between the two, taking into account some of the latest developments in mathematics, including the rise of experimental mathematics on the one hand and computerized formal proofs on the other hand. The main theses of Rigor and Structure are that the features of mathematical practice that a large group of philosophers of mathematics, the structuralists, have attributed to the peculiar nature of mathematical objects are better explained in a different way, as artefacts of the manner in which the ancient ideal of rigor is realized in modern mathematics. Notably, the mathematician must be very careful in deriving new results from the previous literature, but may remain largely indifferent to just how the results in the previous literature were obtained from first principles. Indeed, the working mathematician may remain largely indifferent to just what the first principles are supposed to be, and whether they are set-theoretic or category-theoretic or something else. Along the way to these conclusions, a great many historical developments in mathematics, philosophy, and logic are surveyed. Yet very little in the way of background knowledge on the part of the reader is presupposed.

William Harvey

William Harvey

A Life in Circulation

  • Author: Thomas Wright
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199977011
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 288
  • View: 7178
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In 1628, the English physician William Harvey published his revolutionary theory of blood circulation. Offering a radical conception of the workings of the human body and the function of the heart, Harvey's theory overthrew centuries of anatomical and physiological orthodoxy and had profound consequences for the history of science. It also had an enormous impact on culture more generally, influencing economists, poets and political thinkers, for whom the theory triumphed not as empirical fact but as a remarkable philosophical idea. In the first major biographical study of Harvey in 50 years, Thomas Wright charts the meteoric rise of a yeoman's son to the elevated position of King Charles I's physician, taking the reader from farmlands of Kent to England's royal palaces, and paints a vivid portrait of an extraordinary mind formed at a fertile time in England's intellectual history. Set in late Renaissance London, the book features an illustrious cast of historical characters, from Francis Bacon and John Donne to Robert Fludd, whose corroboration of Harvey's ideas helped launch his circulation theory. After he published his discoveries, Harvey became famous throughout Europe, where he demonstrated his theory through public vivisections. Although his ideas met with vociferous opposition, they eventually triumphed and Harvey became renowned as the only man in the history of natural philosophy to live to see a revolutionary theory gain wide currency. But just as intellectual ideas could be toppled, so too could kings. When Charles I was overthrown during the Civil War of the 1640s, his loyal court physician fell also, and Harvey, an unrepentant Royalist, was banished from London under the English Republic. He died in the late 1650s, a gout-ridden, melancholy man, uncertain of his achievement. A victim of the political turmoil of the times, William Harvey was nevertheless the mainspring of vast historical changes in anatomy and physiology. Wright's biography skillfully repositions Harvey as a man who embodied the intellectual and cultural spirit of his age, and launched a revolution that would continue to run its course long after his death.

Methods in Medicine

Methods in Medicine

A Descriptive Study of Physicians’ Behaviour

  • Author: J. Ridderikhoff
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400910975
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3842
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Clinicians spend their working lives making decisions. such decisions are usually made in interlocking streams rather than in the discrete circumscribed contexts so beloved of scientists. When the clinician encounters a patient a complex interactive process is initiated in which the clinician searches his memory to match the symptoms and signs indicated by the patient with the complex disease models which he carries in his head. He then makes choices about further questions or tests in order to clarify his understanding of the patient's problem and to formulate a management or treatment plan. In recent years there has been increasing interest in how clinicians make such decisions and a realization that decision-making in clinical medicine is virtually the same as that in many other professional contexts. The scientific study and formal teaching of clinical decision-making is a relatively young discipline. Less than 20 books have so far appeared which take explicit account of the theoretical and experimental decision-making literature in medicine and other related disciplines. This book is a distinctive and important contribution to this growing field. It combines a comprehensive critical analysis of a wide range of relevant philo sophical, statistical, psychological and medical literature with an interesting set of experimental observations of primary care physicians. Dr. Ridderikhoff shows great erudition and wide command of a large reference literature. Dr. Ridderikhoff takes a firmly descriptive rather than prescriptive viewpoint on understanding clinical decision-making.

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

  • Author: Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191667404
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 784
  • View: 9778
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Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.

Nurses and Midwives in Nazi Germany

Nurses and Midwives in Nazi Germany

The "Euthanasia Programs"

  • Author: Susan Benedict,Linda Shields
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317859391
  • Category: History
  • Page: 282
  • View: 7536
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This book is about the ethics of nursing and midwifery, and how these were abrogated during the Nazi era. Nurses and midwives actively killed their patients, many of whom were disabled children and infants and patients with mental (and other) illnesses or intellectual disabilities. The book gives the facts as well as theoretical perspectives as a lens through which these crimes can be viewed. It also provides a way to teach this history to nursing and midwifery students, and, for the first time, explains the role of one of the world’s most historically prominent midwifery leaders in the Nazi crimes.

Philosophie des Abendlandes

Philosophie des Abendlandes

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783905811636
  • Category:
  • Page: 855
  • View: 5416
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Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2564
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New Selected Journals, 1939-1995

New Selected Journals, 1939-1995

  • Author: Stephen Spender
  • Publisher: Faber & Faber
  • ISBN: 0571294111
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 816
  • View: 5310
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Private faces in public places Are wiser and nicer Than public faces in private places. W.H. Auden, dedication to Stephen Spender, 1932 Stephen Spender wrote almost a million words of journal entries between his September Journal in 1939 and his death in 1995. In choosing from these voluminous journals for the new edition, the editors have tried to provide a picture of the various lives Spender brought together in autobiographical form. The earlier 1985 edition of the Journals was overseen by the author, and it privileged his thoughts about poetry - his own and other people's. The new edition includes the final ten years of Spender's life and provides access to the more intimate thoughts and feelings of the private man, but equally documents his life as a public intellectual who played a part in shaping the European literary and intellectual culture of his age. As we look back on the dramatic events of the twentieth century, we find that Spender was involved in many of them: the reconstruction of Germany and the construction of Europe (as Unesco's first Literary Councillor), the development of the cultural Cold War (as editor of Encounter), the founding of Israel, the anti-Vietnam movement in America. The Journals provide a personal version of sixty turbulent years of the twentieth century, hovering between diary, autobiography and history.

Slavery in the Sudan

Slavery in the Sudan

History, Documents, and Commentary

  • Author: Sharon Barnes,Asma Mohamed Abdel Halim,Mohamed Ibrahim Nugud
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137286032
  • Category: History
  • Page: 184
  • View: 1884
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This groundbreaking study offers a rare window into the history of slavery in the Sudan, with particular attention to the relationships between slaves and masters. Thoroughly documented, it provides valuable context to current issues of global concern and combats persistent myths about African slavery.

Accounting and Emancipation

Accounting and Emancipation

Some Critical Interventions

  • Author: Dr Sonja Gallhofer,Sonja Gallhofer,Professor Jim Haslam,Jim Haslam
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134600496
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3854
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Accounting is a social practice: it should be evaluated in terms of its contribution to a notion of social well-being. In order to do this, this book elaborates a critique of contemporary accounting. The authors encourage those with a close interest in accounting to make the search for a more emancipatory and enabling accounting a core area of their interest. The book will stimulate debate and activity in the arenas of education, research, practice and policy-making.