Search Results for "how-we-know-what-isn-t-so-the-fallibility-of-human-reason-in-everyday-life"

How We Know What Isn't So

How We Know What Isn't So

  • Author: Thomas Gilovich
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 9781439106747
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3425
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Thomas Gilovich offers a wise and readable guide to the fallacy of the obvious in everyday life. When can we trust what we believe—that "teams and players have winning streaks," that "flattery works," or that "the more people who agree, the more likely they are to be right"—and when are such beliefs suspect? Thomas Gilovich offers a guide to the fallacy of the obvious in everyday life. Illustrating his points with examples, and supporting them with the latest research findings, he documents the cognitive, social, and motivational processes that distort our thoughts, beliefs, judgments and decisions. In a rapidly changing world, the biases and stereotypes that help us process an overload of complex information inevitably distort what we would like to believe is reality. Awareness of our propensity to make these systematic errors, Gilovich argues, is the first step to more effective analysis and action.

How We Know What Isn't So

How We Know What Isn't So

  • Author: Thomas Gilovich
  • Publisher: Free Press
  • ISBN: 9780029117064
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 224
  • View: 5393
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Thomas Gilovich offers a wise and readable guide to the fallacy of the obvious in everyday life. When can we trust what we believe—that "teams and players have winning streaks," that "flattery works," or that "the more people who agree, the more likely they are to be right"—and when are such beliefs suspect? Thomas Gilovich offers a guide to the fallacy of the obvious in everyday life. Illustrating his points with examples, and supporting them with the latest research findings, he documents the cognitive, social, and motivational processes that distort our thoughts, beliefs, judgments and decisions. In a rapidly changing world, the biases and stereotypes that help us process an overload of complex information inevitably distort what we would like to believe is reality. Awareness of our propensity to make these systematic errors, Gilovich argues, is the first step to more effective analysis and action.

康乃爾最經典的思考邏輯課

康乃爾最經典的思考邏輯課

大數據時代,你一定要避開的自以為是

  • Author: 湯瑪斯•吉洛維奇,Thomas Gilovich
  • Publisher: 先覺出版
  • ISBN: 9861342567
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 265
  • View: 6587
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Why Smart People Make Big Money Mistakes--and how to Correct Them

Why Smart People Make Big Money Mistakes--and how to Correct Them

Lessons from the New Science of Behavioral Economics

  • Author: Gary Belsky,Thomas Gilovich
  • Publisher: Gary Belsky
  • ISBN: 9780684859385
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 220
  • View: 2723
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Offers financial advice

The Wisest One in the Room

The Wisest One in the Room

How To Harness Psychology's Most Powerful Insights

  • Author: Thomas Gilovich,Lee Ross
  • Publisher: Oneworld Publications
  • ISBN: 1780746490
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7575
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When people get together, there is often one stand-out individual who others turn to for answers. This person has the best advice on everything from raising children to running a business, and offers the most penetrating insights into world events. Their understanding of people, and why we act as we do, makes them the wisest one in the room. Psychologists Thomas Gilovich and Lee Ross reveal their discipline’s greatest discoveries so we can all become wiser. From conflict resolution to overcoming social shyness, and from winning a tennis match to encouraging people to recycle, they demonstrate how even small changes in social context, feedback or presentation can achieve dramatic results. Replete with real-world examples, The Wisest One in the Room is a fascinating examination of human behaviour, revealing how we can become more adept at tackling the challenges, great and small, that we face every day.

Heuristics and Biases

Heuristics and Biases

The Psychology of Intuitive Judgment

  • Author: Thomas Gilovich,Dale Griffin,Daniel Kahneman
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521796798
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 857
  • View: 6828
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Is our case strong enough to go to trial? Will interest rates go up? Can I trust this person? Such questions - and the judgments required to answer them - are woven into the fabric of everyday experience. This book, first published in 2002, examines how people make such judgments. The study of human judgment was transformed in the 1970s, when Kahneman and Tversky introduced their 'heuristics and biases' approach and challenged the dominance of strictly rational models. Their work highlighted the reflexive mental operations used to make complex problems manageable and illuminated how the same processes can lead to both accurate and dangerously flawed judgments. The heuristics and biases framework generated a torrent of influential research in psychology - research that reverberated widely and affected scholarship in economics, law, medicine, management, and political science. This book compiles the most influential research in the heuristics and biases tradition since the initial collection of 1982 (by Kahneman, Slovic, and Tversky).

Psychic Blues

Psychic Blues

Confessions of a Conflicted Medium

  • Author: Mark Edward
  • Publisher: Feral House
  • ISBN: 1936239280
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 340
  • View: 3067
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"Mark Edward is an equivocator, fibber, and mountebank. Which begs the question: if a liar admits to lying, can he be telling the truth? He is a literate, informative, intellectual, a student of the psychology of humans, a foe of those who would defraud the public for personal gain, and as an author and practicing psychic, he is first and foremost an entertainer."—Joel Moskowitz, International Brotherhood of Magicians Mark Edward admits that for years he exploited believers who wished to connect with supernatural ideas and sad family members who missed dead loved ones. Now Edward is a magician who works the Haunted Castle in Hollywood and is also on the editorial board of Skeptic magazine, where he reveals the means of psychic scamsters. This entertaining book is at once a confessional and instructional regarding human belief and those who exploit it. Though Edward believes that most practitioners of the psychic business are out-and-out scam artists, he also counters the skeptic belief that the supernatural is a lie. Both skeptic and skeptical of skepticism, Mark Edward has worked as a 900-number psychic, ghost hunter, and Hollywood Magic Castle medium. He has also worked vigorously to debunk psychic frauds and currently works on the editorial board of Skeptic magazine.

Working

Working

People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do

  • Author: Studs Terkel
  • Publisher: The New Press
  • ISBN: 1595587667
  • Category: History
  • Page: 640
  • View: 6663
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WITH A NEW FOREWORD BY ADAM COHEN OF THE NEW YORK TIMES Perhaps Studs Terkel's best-known book, Working is a compelling look at jobs and the people who do them. Consisting of over one hundred interviews with everyone from a gravedigger to a studio head, from a policeman to a piano tuner, this book provides an enduring portrait of people's feelings about their working lives. "A powerful, original, indescribable and incredible book... Only an interviewer of genius, exploiting the tape recorder as hardly anyone else has done, could possibly have brought it forth." —Lewis Mumford "A magnificent book... a work of art. To read it is to hear America talking." —Boston Globe "Splendid... Important... Rich and fascinating... The people we meet are not digits in a poll but real people with real names who share their ancedotes, adventures, and aspirations with us." —Business Week "The talk in Working is good talk--earthy, passionate, honest, sometimes tender, sometimes crisp, juicy as reality, seasoned with experience." —Washington Post "Nothing could tell our children's children who and how and what we were the way Studs Terkel will. Is it possible the great American novelist is Terkel?" —Murray Kempton

Inevitable Illusions

Inevitable Illusions

How Mistakes of Reason Rule Our Minds

  • Author: Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 9780471159629
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2323
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"Fascinating and insightful. . . . I cannot recall a book that has made me think more about the nature of thinking." -- Richard C. Lewontin Harvard University Everyone knows that optical illusions trick us because of the way we see. Now scientists have discovered that cognitive illusions, a set of biases deeply embedded in the human mind, can actually distort the way we think. In Inevitable Illusions, distinguished cognitive researcher Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini takes us on a provocative, challenging, and thoroughly entertaining exploration of the games our minds play. He opens the doors onto the newly charted realm of the cognitive unconscious to reveal the full range of illusions, showing how they inhibit our ability to reason--no matter what our educational background or IQ. Inevitable Illusions is stimulating, eye-opening food for thought.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking

Pseudoscience and the Paranormal

  • Author: Jonathan C. Smith
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111902935X
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2417
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Rev. ed. of: Pseudoscience and extraordinary claims of the paranormal: a critical thinker's toolkit. 2010.

Paranormality

Paranormality

Understanding the Science of the Supernatural

  • Author: Richard Wiseman
  • Publisher: Pan Macmillan Adult
  • ISBN: 9781447208167
  • Category: Parapsychology
  • Page: 340
  • View: 1369
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Professor Richard Wiseman is clear about one thing: paranormal phenomena don't exist. But in the same way that the science of space travel transforms our everyday lives, so research into telepathy, fortune-telling and out-of-body experiences produces remarkable insights into our brains, behaviour and beliefs. Paranormality embarks on a wild ghost chase into this new science of the supernatural and is packed with activities that allow you to experience the impossible. So throw away your crystals and cancel your subscription to Reincarnation Weekly. It is time to discover the real secrets of the paranormal.

Being Wrong

Being Wrong

Adventures in the Margin of Error

  • Author: Kathryn Schulz
  • Publisher: Harper Collins
  • ISBN: 0061176052
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 416
  • View: 4187
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To err is human. Yet most of us go through life assuming (and sometimes insisting) that we are right about nearly everything, from the origins of the universe to how to load the dishwasher. In Being Wrong, journalist Kathryn Schulz explores why we find it so gratifying to be right and so maddening to be mistaken. Drawing on thinkers as varied as Augustine, Darwin, Freud, Gertrude Stein, Alan Greenspan, and Groucho Marx, she shows that error is both a given and a gift—one that can transform our worldviews, our relationships, and ourselves.

I'm Right and YouÕre an Idiot

I'm Right and YouÕre an Idiot

The Toxic State of Public Discourse and How to Clean it Up

  • Author: James Hoggan,Grania Litwin
  • Publisher: New Society Publishers
  • ISBN: 1550926128
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4119
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The most pressing environmental problem we face today is not climate change. It is pollution in the public square, where a smog of adversarial rhetoric, propaganda, and polarization stifles discussion and debate, creating resistance to change and thwarting our ability to solve our collective problems. In I'm Right and You're an Idiot, author and David Suzuki Foundation chair James Hoggan grapples with this critical issue, conducting interviews with outstanding thinkers from the Himalayas to the House of Lords. Drawing on the wisdom of such notables as Thich Nhat Hanh, Noam Chomsky, and the Dalai Lama, his comprehensive analysis explores: How trust is undermined and misinformation thrives in today's public dialogue Why facts alone fail – the manipulation of language and the silencing of dissent The importance of reframing our arguments with empathy and values to create compelling narratives and spur action. Our species' greatest survival strategy has always been foresight and the ability to leverage our intelligence to overcome adversity. For too long now this capacity has been threatened by the sorry state of our public discourse. Focusing on proven techniques to foster more powerful and effective communication, this book will appeal to readers looking for both deep insights and practical advice. James Hoggan is president of the Vancouver PR firm Hoggan & Associates, chair of the David Suzuki Foundation board, and founder of the influential website DeSmogBlog. He is author of Climate Cover-Up and Do the Right Thing.

The Consolations of Mortality

The Consolations of Mortality

Making Sense of Death

  • Author: Andrew Stark
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300224702
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5029
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For those who don’t believe in an afterlife, the wisdom of the ages offers four great consolations for mortality: that death is benign and good; that mortal life provides its own kind of immortality; that true immortality would be awful; and that we experience the kinds of losses in life that we will eventually face in death. Can any of these consolations honestly reconcile us to our inevitable demise? In this timely book, Andrew Stark tests the psychological truth of these consolations and searches our collective literary, philosophical, and cultural traditions for answers to the question of how we, in the twenty-first century, might accept our mortal condition. Ranging from Epicurus and Heidegger to bucket lists, the flaming out of rock stars, and the retiring of sports jerseys, Stark’s poignant and learned exploration shows how these consolations, taken together, reveal death as a blessing no matter how much we may love life.

How to Lie with Statistics

How to Lie with Statistics

  • Author: Darrell Huff
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393070873
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 144
  • View: 9549
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Over Half a Million Copies Sold--an Honest-to-Goodness Bestseller Darrell Huff runs the gamut of every popularly used type of statistic, probes such things as the sample study, the tabulation method, the interview technique, or the way the results are derived from the figures, and points up the countless number of dodges which are used to full rather than to inform.

Before You Know It

Before You Know It

The Unconscious Reasons We Do What We Do

  • Author: John Bargh
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1501101234
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2226
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Dr. John Bargh, the world’s leading expert on the unconscious mind, presents a “brilliant and convincing book” (Malcolm Gladwell) cited as an outstanding read of 2017 by Business Insider and The Financial Times—giving us an entirely new understanding of the hidden mental processes that secretly govern every aspect of our behavior. For more than three decades, Dr. John Bargh has conducted revolutionary research into the unconscious mind, research featured in bestsellers like Blink and Thinking Fast and Slow. Now, in what Dr. John Gottman said was “the most important and exciting book in psychology that has been written in the past twenty years,” Dr. Bargh takes us on an entertaining and enlightening tour of the forces that affect everyday behavior while transforming our understanding of ourselves in profound ways. Dr. Bargh takes us into his labs at New York University and Yale—where he and his colleagues have discovered how the unconscious guides our behavior, goals, and motivations in areas like race relations, parenting, business, consumer behavior, and addiction. With infectious enthusiasm he reveals what science now knows about the pervasive influence of the unconscious mind in who we choose to date or vote for, what we buy, where we live, how we perform on tests and in job interviews, and much more. Because the unconscious works in ways we are completely unaware of, Before You Know It is full of surprising and entertaining revelations as well as useful tricks to help you remember items on your to-do list, to shop smarter, and to sleep better. Before You Know It is “a fascinating compendium of landmark social-psychology research” (Publishers Weekly) and an introduction to a fabulous world that exists below the surface of your awareness and yet is the key to knowing yourself and unlocking new ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.

The Skeptic's Dictionary

The Skeptic's Dictionary

A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions

  • Author: Robert Carroll
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781118045633
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 7491
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A wealth of evidence for doubters and disbelievers "Whether it's the latest shark cartilage scam, or some new 'repressed memory' idiocy that besets you, I suggest you carry a copy of this dictionary at all times, or at least have it within reach as first aid for psychic attacks. We need all the help we can get." -James Randi, President, James Randi Educational Foundation, randi.org "From alternative medicine, aliens, and psychics to the farthest shores of science and beyond, Robert Carroll presents a fascinating look at some of humanity's most strange and wonderful ideas. Refreshing and witty, both believers and unbelievers will find this compendium complete and captivating. Buy this book and feed your head!" -Clifford Pickover, author of The Stars of Heaven and Dreaming the Future "A refreshing compendium of clear thinking, a welcome and potent antidote to the reams of books on the supernatural and pseudoscientific." -John Allen Paulos, author of Innumeracy and A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper "This book covers an amazing range of topics and can protect many people from being scammed." -Stephen Barrett, M.D., quackwatch.org Featuring close to 400 definitions, arguments, and essays on topics ranging from acupuncture to zombies, The Skeptic's Dictionary is a lively, commonsense trove of detailed information on all things supernatural, occult, paranormal, and pseudoscientific. It covers such categories as alternative medicine; cryptozoology; extraterrestrials and UFOs; frauds and hoaxes; junk science; logic and perception; New Age energy; and the psychic. For the open-minded seeker, the soft or hardened skeptic, and the believing doubter, this book offers a remarkable range of information that puts to the test the best arguments of true believers.

Smart Health Choices

Smart Health Choices

  • Author: Les Irwig
  • Publisher: Judy Irwig
  • ISBN: 1905140177
  • Category: Health
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7877
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This book aims to help consumers and practitioners develop the skills to assess health advice - and hopefully to make decisions that will improve the quality of their care. For some people, making better-informed decisions could be life saving. We hope that it will be useful if you are struggling to come to terms with an illness or injury, and the best ways of managing it. Or you may simply want to lead a healthier life, and may be wondering how to make sense of the often conflicting flood of health information that deluges us every day, through the media, and from our friends and health practitioners.

The Island of Knowledge

The Island of Knowledge

The Limits of Science and the Search for Meaning

  • Author: Marcelo Gleiser
  • Publisher: Basic Civitas Books
  • ISBN: 0465031714
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 335
  • View: 3782
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A natural philosophy expert who is also a physics and astronomy professor discusses the limits of scientific explanations and how our knowledge of the universe and its nature will always remain necessarily incomplete. 15,000 first printing.

Alice-Miranda in Hollywood

Alice-Miranda in Hollywood

  • Author: Jacqueline Harvey
  • Publisher: Random House Australia
  • ISBN: 0143780611
  • Category: Juvenile Fiction
  • Page: 362
  • View: 895
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Lights, camera, action! Yeehaw! Alice-Miranda visits Hollywood in her 16th adventure. Alice-Miranda and her friends are off to Hollywood to take part in Lawrence Ridley's new movie. It's a western with a twist, and they'll be shooting some scenes on location in the picturesque Grand Canyon. Everyone's excited to get a sneak peek of the glitz and glamor of show business--especially Caprice! On set, however, there is high drama with tears and tantrums, romance, and a string of suspicious mishaps. Is there a villain lurking behind the scenes, or could the rumors of a curse be true? Alice-Miranda is determined to get to the bottom of the mystery before tensions explode.