Search Results for "human-rights-and-the-uses-of-history-expanded-second-edition"

Human Rights and the Uses of History

Human Rights and the Uses of History

  • Author: Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: Verso Trade
  • ISBN: 1781682631
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 155
  • View: 9489
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A series of reflective and critical essays explores the perspectives of leading theorists of human rights, building on the postwar human rights discourse in his acclaimed The Last Utopia to challenge intellectual views about humanitarian intervention.

The Last Utopia

The Last Utopia

  • Author: Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674058542
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5828
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Human rights offer a vision of international justice that today’s idealistic millions hold dear. Yet the very concept on which the movement is based became familiar only a few decades ago when it profoundly reshaped our hopes for an improved humanity. In this pioneering book, Samuel Moyn elevates that extraordinary transformation to center stage and asks what it reveals about the ideal’s troubled present and uncertain future.

Origins of the Other

Origins of the Other

Emmanuel Levinas Between Revelation and Ethics

  • Author: Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801443947
  • Category: History
  • Page: 268
  • View: 8691
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"Restoring Levinas to the intellectually rich and combative atmosphere of interwar Europe, Origins of the Other overturns a number of views that have attained almost stereotypical familiarity. In a careful overview of Levinas's career, Moyn documents the philosopher's early allegiance to the great German thinker Martin Heidegger. Showing that Levinas crafted an idiosyncratic vision of Judaism, rather than returning to any traditional source, Moyn makes the startling suggestion that Protestant theology, as it spread across the continent in new forms, may have been the most plausible source of Levinas's core concept.

Not Enough

Not Enough

Human Rights in an Unequal World

  • Author: Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 067498482X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 276
  • View: 6970
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The age of human rights has been kindest to the rich. Even as state violations of political rights garnered unprecedented attention due to human rights campaigns, a commitment to material equality disappeared. In its place, market fundamentalism has emerged as the dominant force in national and global economies. In this provocative book, Samuel Moyn analyzes how and why we chose to make human rights our highest ideals while simultaneously neglecting the demands of a broader social and economic justice. In a pioneering history of rights stretching back to the Bible, Not Enough charts how twentieth-century welfare states, concerned about both abject poverty and soaring wealth, resolved to fulfill their citizens’ most basic needs without forgetting to contain how much the rich could tower over the rest. In the wake of two world wars and the collapse of empires, new states tried to take welfare beyond its original European and American homelands and went so far as to challenge inequality on a global scale. But their plans were foiled as a neoliberal faith in markets triumphed instead. Moyn places the career of the human rights movement in relation to this disturbing shift from the egalitarian politics of yesterday to the neoliberal globalization of today. Exploring why the rise of human rights has occurred alongside enduring and exploding inequality, and why activists came to seek remedies for indigence without challenging wealth, Not Enough calls for more ambitious ideals and movements to achieve a humane and equitable world.

Fanaticism

Fanaticism

On the Uses of an Idea

  • Author: Alberto Toscano
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1786630567
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2398
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A genealogy of fanaticism—unearthing its long history, before it became a tool in the Clash of Civilizations The idea of fanaticism as a deviant or extreme variant of an already irrational set of religious beliefs is today invoked by the West in order to demonize and psychologize any non-liberal politics. Alberto Toscano’s compelling and erudite counter-history explodes this accepted interpretation in exploring the critical role fanaticism played in forming modern politics and the liberal state. In a radical new interpretation, he places the fanatic at the very heart of politics, arguing that historical and revolutionary transformations require a new understanding of his role. Showing how fanaticism results from the failure to formulate an adequate emancipatory politics, this illuminating history sheds new light on an idea that continues to dominate debates about faith and secularism. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Human Rights in the Twentieth Century

Human Rights in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139494104
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8057
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Has there always been an inalienable 'right to have rights' as part of the human condition, as Hannah Arendt famously argued? The contributions to this volume examine how human rights came to define the bounds of universal morality in the course of the political crises and conflicts of the twentieth century. Although human rights are often viewed as a self-evident outcome of this history, the essays collected here make clear that human rights are a relatively recent invention that emerged in contingent and contradictory ways. Focusing on specific instances of their assertion or violation during the past century, this volume analyzes the place of human rights in various arenas of global politics, providing an alternative framework for understanding the political and legal dilemmas that these conflicts presented. In doing so, this volume captures the state of the art in a field that historians have only recently begun to explore.

Inventing Human Rights: A History

Inventing Human Rights: A History

  • Author: Lynn Hunt
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393069723
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7370
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“A tour de force.”—Gordon S. Wood, New York Times Book Review How were human rights invented, and how does their tumultuous history influence their perception and our ability to protect them today? From Professor Lynn Hunt comes this extraordinary cultural and intellectual history, which traces the roots of human rights to the rejection of torture as a means for finding the truth. She demonstrates how ideas of human relationships portrayed in novels and art helped spread these new ideals and how human rights continue to be contested today.

The Human Rights Revolution

The Human Rights Revolution

An International History

  • Author: Akira Iriye,Petra Goedde,William I. Hitchcock
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195333144
  • Category: History
  • Page: 353
  • View: 9281
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This volume explores the place of human rights in history, providing an alternative framework for understanding the political and legal dilemmas that these conflicts presented, with case studies focusing on the 1940s through the present.

Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice

Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice

  • Author: Jack Donnelly
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801467497
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7014
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In the third edition of his classic work, revised extensively and updated to include recent developments on the international scene, Jack Donnelly explains and defends a richly interdisciplinary account of human rights as universal rights. He shows that any conception of human rights-and the idea of human rights itself-is historically specific and contingent. Since publication of the first edition in 1989, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice has justified Donnelly's claim that "conceptual clarity, the fruit of sound theory, can facilitate action. At the very least it can help to unmask the arguments of dictators and their allies."

The Endtimes of Human Rights

The Endtimes of Human Rights

  • Author: Stephen Hopgood
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801469309
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2709
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"We are living through the endtimes of the civilizing mission. The ineffectual International Criminal Court and its disastrous first prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, along with the failure in Syria of the Responsibility to Protect are the latest pieces of evidence not of transient misfortunes but of fatal structural defects in international humanism. Whether it is the increase in deadly attacks on aid workers, the torture and 'disappearing' of al-Qaeda suspects by American officials, the flouting of international law by states such as Sri Lanka and Sudan, or the shambles of the Khmer Rouge tribunal in Phnom Penh, the prospect of one world under secular human rights law is receding. What seemed like a dawn is in fact a sunset. The foundations of universal liberal norms and global governance are crumbling."—from The Endtimes of Human Rights In a book that is at once passionate and provocative, Stephen Hopgood argues, against the conventional wisdom, that the idea of universal human rights has become not only ill adapted to current realities but also overambitious and unresponsive. A shift in the global balance of power away from the United States further undermines the foundations on which the global human rights regime is based. American decline exposes the contradictions, hypocrisies and weaknesses behind the attempt to enforce this regime around the world and opens the way for resurgent religious and sovereign actors to challenge human rights. Historically, Hopgood writes, universal humanist norms inspired a sense of secular religiosity among the new middle classes of a rapidly modernizing Europe. Human rights were the product of a particular worldview (Western European and Christian) and specific historical moments (humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, the aftermath of the Holocaust). They were an antidote to a troubling contradiction—the coexistence of a belief in progress with horrifying violence and growing inequality. The obsolescence of that founding purpose in the modern globalized world has, Hopgood asserts, transformed the institutions created to perform it, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross and recently the International Criminal Court, into self-perpetuating structures of intermittent power and authority that mask their lack of democratic legitimacy and systematic ineffectiveness. At their best, they provide relief in extraordinary situations of great distress; otherwise they are serving up a mixture of false hope and unaccountability sustained by “human rights” as a global brand. The Endtimes of Human Rights is sure to be controversial. Hopgood makes a plea for a new understanding of where hope lies for human rights, a plea that mourns the promise but rejects the reality of universalism in favor of a less predictable encounter with the diverse realities of today’s multipolar world.

Buried Secrets

Buried Secrets

Truth and Human Rights in Guatemala

  • Author: Victoria Sanford
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9781403960238
  • Category: History
  • Page: 313
  • View: 7153
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An expos of Guatemala's genocidal campaign against the Maya in the late 1970s and mid-1980s documents the massacres and displacements that took place as well as the experiences of Maya survivors seeking justice and healing.

Christian Human Rights

Christian Human Rights

  • Author: Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812292774
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 422
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In Christian Human Rights, Samuel Moyn asserts that the rise of human rights after World War II was prefigured and inspired by a defense of the dignity of the human person that first arose in Christian churches and religious thought in the years just prior to the outbreak of the war. The Roman Catholic Church and transatlantic Protestant circles dominated the public discussion of the new principles in what became the last European golden age for the Christian faith. At the same time, West European governments after World War II, particularly in the ascendant Christian Democratic parties, became more tolerant of public expressions of religious piety. Human rights rose to public prominence in the space opened up by these dual developments of the early Cold War. Moyn argues that human dignity became central to Christian political discourse as early as 1937. Pius XII's wartime Christmas addresses announced the basic idea of universal human rights as a principle of world, and not merely state, order. By focusing on the 1930s and 1940s, Moyn demonstrates how the language of human rights was separated from the secular heritage of the French Revolution and put to use by postwar democracies governed by Christian parties, which reinvented them to impose moral constraints on individuals, support conservative family structures, and preserve existing social hierarchies. The book ends with a provocative chapter that traces contemporary European struggles to assimilate Muslim immigrants to the continent's legacy of Christian human rights.

Human Rights: Moral or Political?

Human Rights: Moral or Political?

  • Author: Adam Etinson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191022225
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 440
  • View: 7808
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Human rights have a rich life in the world around us. Political rhetoric pays tribute to them, or scorns them. Citizens and activists strive for them. The law enshrines them. And they live inside us too. For many of us, human rights form part of how we understand the world and what must (or must not) be done within it. The ubiquity of human rights raises questions for the philosopher. If we want to understand these rights, where do we look? As a set of moral norms, it is tempting to think they can be grasped strictly from the armchair, say, by appeal to moral intuition. But what, if anything, can that kind of inquiry tell us about the human rights of contemporary politics, law, and civil society — that is, human rights as we ordinarily know them? This volume brings together a distinguished, interdisciplinary group of scholars to address philosophical questions raised by the many facets of human rights: moral, legal, political, and historical. Its original chapters, each accompanied by a critical commentary, explore topics including: the purpose and methods of a philosophical theory of human rights; the "Orthodox-Political" debate; the relevance of history to philosophy; the relationship between human rights morality and law; and the value of political critiques of human rights.

The Concept of Human Rights in Africa

The Concept of Human Rights in Africa

  • Author: Issa G. Shivji
  • Publisher: African Books Collective
  • ISBN: 1870784022
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 126
  • View: 8193
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1 The dominant discourse

Crimes of War

Crimes of War

What the Public Should Know

  • Author: Roy Gutman,David Rieff,Anthony Gary Dworkin
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393328462
  • Category: History
  • Page: 447
  • View: 7915
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An A-to-Z guidebook of wartime atrocities details the nature of war crimes and the international laws that define them, and contains entries on recent conflicts and miscellaneous subjects related to terrorism and war.

Business and Human Rights

Business and Human Rights

History, Law and Policy - Bridging the Accountability Gap

  • Author: Nadia Bernaz
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317233859
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 314
  • View: 2699
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Business corporations can and do violate human rights all over the world, and they are often not held to account. Emblematic cases and situations such as the state of the Niger Delta and the collapse of the Rana Plaza factory are examples of corporate human rights abuses which are not adequately prevented and remedied. Business and human rights as a field seeks to enhance the accountability of business – companies and businesspeople – in the human rights area, or, to phrase it differently, to bridge the accountability gap. Bridging the accountability gap is to be understood as both setting standards and holding corporations and businesspeople to account if violations occur. Adopting a legal perspective, this book presents the ways in which this dual undertaking has been and could be further carried out in the future, and evaluates the extent to which the various initiatives in the field bridge the corporate accountability gap. It looks at the historical background of the field of business and human rights, and examines salient periods, events and cases. The book then goes on to explore the relevance of international human rights law and international criminal law for global business. International soft law and policy initiatives which have blossomed in recent years are evaluated along with private modes of regulation. The book also examines how domestic law, especially the domestic law of multinational companies’ home countries, can be used to prevent and redress corporate related human rights violations.

Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence

Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence

The Wars of Independence in Kenya and Algeria

  • Author: Fabian Klose
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812244958
  • Category: History
  • Page: 369
  • View: 4414
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Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence explores the relationship between the human rights movement emerging after 1945 and the increasing violence of decolonization. Based on material previously inaccessible in the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross and the United Nations Human Rights Commission, this comparative study uses the Mau Mau War (1952-1956) and the Algerian War (1954-1962) to examine the policies of two major imperial powers, Britain and France. Historian Fabian Klose considers the significance of declared states of emergency, counterinsurgency strategy, and the significance of humanitarian international law in both conflicts. Klose's findings from these previously confidential archives reveal the escalating violence and oppressive tactics used by the British and French military during these anticolonial conflicts in North and East Africa, where Western powers that promoted human rights in other areas of the world were opposed to the growing global acceptance of freedom, equality, self-determination, and other postwar ideals. Practices such as collective punishment, torture, and extrajudicial killings did lasting damage to international human rights efforts until the end of decolonization. Clearly argued and meticulously researched, Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence demonstrates the mutually impacting histories of international human rights and decolonization, expanding our understanding of political violence in human rights discourse.

The Right to Have Rights

The Right to Have Rights

  • Author: Stephanie DeGooyer,Alastair Hunt,Lida Maxwell,Samuel Moyn
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1784787531
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 2952
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Five leading thinkers on the concept of ‘rights’ in an era of rightlessness Sixty years ago, the political theorist Hannah Arendt, an exiled Jew deprived of her German citizenship, observed that before people can enjoy any of the “inalienable” Rights of Man—before there can be any specific rights to education, work, voting, and so on—there must first be such a thing as “the right to have rights.” The concept received little attention at the time, but in our age of mass deportations, Muslim bans, refugee crises, and extra-state war, the phrase has become the center of a crucial and lively debate. Here five leading thinkers from varied disciplines—including history, law, politics, and literary studies—discuss the critical basis of rights and the meaning of radical democratic politics today.

Unspeakable Truths

Unspeakable Truths

Confronting State Terror and Atrocity

  • Author: Priscilla B. Hayner
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135960216
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 9967
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First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.