Search Results for "ideas-and-ideologies-in-twentieth-century-latin-america"

Ideas and Ideologies in Twentieth-Century Latin America

Ideas and Ideologies in Twentieth-Century Latin America

  • Author: Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521468336
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 411
  • View: 9605
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The Cambridge History of Latin America is a large scale, collaborative, multi-volume history of Latin America spanning the five hundred years between the late fifteenth century to the present. Ideas and Ideologies of Latin America since 1870 brings together chapters from Volumes IV, VI, and IX of The Cambridge History to provide in one volume the economic, social and political ideologies of Latin America since 1870. This will be useful for both teachers and students of Latin American history and of contemporary Latin America.

The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America: Volume 2, The Long Twentieth Century

The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America: Volume 2, The Long Twentieth Century

  • Author: Victor Bulmer-Thomas,John Coatsworth,Roberto Cortes-Conde
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521812900
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 764
  • View: 5297
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An indispensable reference work for anyone interested in Latin America's economic development.

The Great Depression in Latin America

The Great Depression in Latin America

  • Author: Paulo Drinot,Alan Knight
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822376245
  • Category: History
  • Page: 376
  • View: 752
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Although Latin America weathered the Great Depression better than the United States and Europe, the global economic collapse of the 1930s had a deep and lasting impact on the region. The contributors to this book examine the consequences of the Depression in terms of the role of the state, party-political competition, and the formation of working-class and other social and political movements. Going beyond economic history, they chart the repercussions and policy responses in different countries while noting common cross-regional trends--in particular, a mounting critique of economic orthodoxy and greater state intervention in the economic, social, and cultural spheres, both trends crucial to the region's subsequent development. The book also examines how regional transformations interacted with and differed from global processes. Taken together, these essays deepen our understanding of the Great Depression as a formative experience in Latin America and provide a timely comparative perspective on the recent global economic crisis. Contributors. Marcelo Bucheli, Carlos Contreras, Paulo Drinot, Jeffrey L. Gould, Roy Hora, Alan Knight, Gillian McGillivray, Luis Felipe Sáenz, Angela Vergara, Joel Wolfe, Doug Yarrington

An East Asian Model for Latin American Success

An East Asian Model for Latin American Success

The New Path

  • Author: Anil Hira
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 9780754671084
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 186
  • View: 390
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This book presents an alternative development path for Latin America based on an East Asian model.

Ideas and Economic Policy in Latin America

Ideas and Economic Policy in Latin America

Regional, National, and Organizational Case Studies

  • Author: Anil Hira
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275962692
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 185
  • View: 7385
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Explains how ideas affect political economy decisions in the developing world, focusing on economic knowledge networks in Chile. Demonstrates the congruence between changes in the discourse of development and changes in economic policy, and examines political relationships of creators, promoters, an

The Cambridge History of Latin America

The Cambridge History of Latin America

  • Author: Leslie Bethell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521232265
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1120
  • View: 5615
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Part 1 covers population growth and the economies of Latin American states from the Depression to 1990.

History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America

History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America

  • Author: Torcuato S. Di Tella
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412825450
  • Category: History
  • Page: 228
  • View: 6839
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The general perception of modern Latin American political institutions emphasizes a continuing and random process of disorder and crisis, continually out of step with other regions in their progress toward democracy and prosperity. In History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America, Torcuato S. Di Tella demonstrates that this common view lacks context and comparative nuance, and is deeply misleading. Looking behind the scenes of modern Latin American history, he discerns its broad patterns through close analysis of actual events and comparative sociological perspectives that explain the apparent chaos of the past and point toward the more democratic polity now developing. History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America is rich in historical description, but also in its broad review of social structures and of the strengths and weaknesses of political institutions. It is an important volume for Latin America area specialists and historians, political scientists, and sociologists.

Politics Latin America

Politics Latin America

  • Author: Gavin O'Toole
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317861949
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 768
  • View: 9718
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"This is a volume which will become invaluable to those attempting to guide the neophyte through the maze of politics in Latin America" - Journal of Latin American Studies Politics Latin America examines the role of Latin America in the world and its importance to the study of politics with particular emphasis on the institutions and processes that exist to guarantee democracy and the forces that threaten to compromise it. Now in its second edition and fully revised to reflect recent developments in the region, Politics Latin America provides students and teachers with an accessible overview of the region’s unique political and economic landscape, covering every aspect of governance in its 21 countries. The book examines the international relations of Latin American states as they seek to carve out a role in an increasingly globalised world and will be an ideal introduction for undergraduate courses in Latin American politics and comparative politics.

Conservative Thought in Twentieth Century Latin America

Conservative Thought in Twentieth Century Latin America

The Ideas of Laureano Gómez

  • Author: James D. Henderson
  • Publisher: Ohio Univ Ctr for International Studies
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 217
  • View: 8716
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Laureano Gómez was president of Colombia in the early 1950s until overthrown by a military coup. He was also, for some fifty years, the leading exponent of Latin American conservatism, a political philosophy with roots in both nineteenth–century politics and religion. Focusing on Gómez, and other prominent conservative politicians, Henderson traces the evolution of Latin American conservatism and demonstrates the scope of its influence throughout the continent. While much has been written about particular Marxist movements and right–wing regimes in contemporary Latin America, little attention has been devoted, in recent years, to the more moderate political institutions and individuals which dominate twentieth–century Latin America. This first account of Latin American conservatism should be of interest to all students of the history and politics of the region.

Liberals, Politics, and Power

Liberals, Politics, and Power

State Formation in Nineteenth-century Latin America

  • Author: Vincent C. Peloso,Barbara A. Tenenbaum
  • Publisher: University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN: 9780820318004
  • Category: History
  • Page: 306
  • View: 9977
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Looking at the Latin American liberal project during the century of postindependence, this collection of original essays draws attention to an underappreciated dilemma confronting liberals: idealistic visions and fiscal restraints. Liberals, Politics, and Power focuses on the inventiveness of nineteenth-century Latin Americans who applied liberal ideology to the founding and maintenance of new states. The impact of liberalism in Latin America, the contributors show, is best understood against the larger backdrop of struggles that pitted regional demands against the pressures of foreign finance, a powerful church against a decentralized state, and aristocratic desire to retain privilege against rising demands for social mobility. Moving beyond the traditional historiographical division between Eurocentric and dependency theories, the essays attempt to account for a uniquely Latin American liberal ideology and politics by exploring the political dynamics of such countries as Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Peru. Contributors discuss liberal efforts to build a viable legal order through elections and to implement a means of public finance that could fund the states' operations. Essays that span the entire century address issues such as the emergence of caudillos, the role of artisans, and popular participation in elections in light of fiscal, and other, impediments to progress. In their introduction, Vincent C. Peloso and Barbara A. Tenenbaum provide a hemispheric overview of liberalism that illustrates its similarities across Latin America. By exploring the liberal constitutional and economic order lying beneath apparently dictatorial states, this pathbreaking volume underlines the importance of fiscal policy in the fashioning of state power. Liberals, Politics, and Power serves not only as a guide to the liberal principles and practices that governed state formation in nineteenth-century Latin America but also as a means to evaluate the complex relationship between ideas and practical politics.

The Gold Standard at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

The Gold Standard at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Rising Powers, Global Money, and the Age of Empire

  • Author: Steven Bryan
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526334
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4187
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By the end of the nineteenth century, the world was ready to adopt the gold standard out of concerns of national power, prestige, and anti-English competition. Yet although the gold standard allowed countries to enact a virtual single world currency, the years before World War I were not a time of unfettered liberal economics and one-world, one-market harmony. Outside of Europe, the gold standard became a tool for nationalists and protectionists primarily interested in growing domestic industry and imperial expansion. This overlooked trend, provocatively reassessed in Steven Bryan's well-documented history, contradicts our conception of the gold standard as a British-based system infused with English ideas, interests, and institutions. In countries like Japan and Argentina, where nationalist concerns focused on infant-industry protection and the growth of military power, the gold standard enabled the expansion of trade and the goals of the age: industry and empire. Bryan argues that these countries looked less to Britain and more to North America and the rest of Europe for ideological models. Not only does this history challenge our idealistic notions of the prewar period, but it also reorients our understanding of the history that followed. Policymakers of the 1920s latched onto the idea that global prosperity before World War I was the result of a system dominated by English liberalism. Their attempt to reproduce this triumph helped bring about the global downturn, the Great Depression, and the collapse of the interwar world.

The End of the Cold War and The Third World

The End of the Cold War and The Third World

New Perspectives on Regional Conflict

  • Author: Artemy Kalinovsky,Lecturer in History of American-Asian Relations Sergey Radchenko,Sergey Radchenko
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1136724303
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 4391
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This book brings together recent research on the end of the Cold War in the Third World and engages with ongoing debates about regional conflicts, the role of great powers in the developing world, and the role of international actors in conflict resolution.

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Problems in Modern Latin American History

Sources and Interpretations : Completely Revised and Updated

  • Author: John Charles Chasteen,James A Wood
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842050616
  • Category: History
  • Page: 323
  • View: 2480
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This is a completely revised and updated edition of SR Books' classic text, Problems in Modern Latin American History. This book has been brought up to date by Professors John Charles Chasteen and James A. Wood to reflect current scholarship and to maximize the book's utility as a teaching tool. The book is divided into 13 chapters, with each chapter dedicated to addressing a particular "problem" in modern Latin America-issues that complement most survey texts. Each chapter includes an interpretive essay that frames a clear central issue for students to tackle, along with excerpts from historical writing that advance alternative-or even conflicting-interpretations. In addition, each chapter contains primary documents for students to analyze in relation to the interpretive issues. This primary material includes passages of Latin American fiction in translation, biographical sketches, and images. Designed as a supplemental text for survey courses on Latin American history, this book's provocative "problems" approach will engage students, evoke lively classroom discussion, and promote critical thinking.

Creative Destruction?

Creative Destruction?

Economic Crises and Democracy in Latin America

  • Author: Francisco E. González
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421406039
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 5170
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Scholars and students of Latin America, political economy, and democratization studies will find González's arguments engaging and the framework he built for this study especially useful in their own work.

The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War

The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War

Fascism, Populism, and Dictatorship in Twentieth Century Argentina

  • Author: Federico Finchelstein
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199396507
  • Category: History
  • Page: 232
  • View: 718
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Argentina is famous for its ties with fascism as well as its welcoming of Nazi war criminals after World War II. At mid-century, it was the home of Peronism. It was also the birthplace of the Dirty War and one of Latin America's most criminal dictatorships in the 1970s and early 1980s. How and why did all of these regimes emerge in a country that was "born liberal"? Why did these authoritarian traits first emerge in Argentina under the shadow of fascism? In this book, Federico Finchelstein tells the history of modern Argentina as seen from the perspective of political violence and ideology. He focuses on the theory and practice of the fascist idea in Argentine political culture throughout the twentieth century, analyzing the connections between fascist theory and the Holocaust, antisemitism, and the military junta's practices of torture and state violence, with its networks of concentration camps and extermination. The book demonstrates how the state's war against its citizens was rooted in fascist ideology, explaining the Argentine variant of fascism, formed by nacionalistas, and its links with European fascism and Catholicism. It particularly emphasizes the genocidal dimensions of the persecution of Argentine Jewish victims. The destruction of the rule of law and military state terror during the Dirty War, Finchelstein shows, was the product of many political and ideological reformulations and personifications of fascism. The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War provides a genealogy of state-sanctioned terror, revealing fascism as central to Argentina's political culture and its violent twentieth century.

Demokratietheorie in Lateinamerika

Demokratietheorie in Lateinamerika

Die Debatte in den Sozialwissenschaften

  • Author: Martín Lauga
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322995879
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 355
  • View: 1514
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Dieses Buch setzt sich mit der Demokratiefrage auf der Ebene der Ansätze, Konzepte, Thesen und Befunde auseinander, die in der politik- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Lateinamerikaforschung seit der Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelt wurden. Durch die systematische, historisch-vergleichende Analyse fachwissenschaftlicher Literatur will die Studie helfen zu bestimmen, ob und inwieweit die politik- und sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung der Entwicklung und der Befestigung einer demokratischen Politik in Lateinamerika förderlich war.

Political Competition, Partisanship, and Policy Making in Latin American Public Utilities

Political Competition, Partisanship, and Policy Making in Latin American Public Utilities

  • Author: Maria Victoria Murillo
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521884314
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 292
  • View: 9380
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Shows that electoral competition and partisan government helped balance the conflicting demands of voters' interests with the financial pressures generated by capital scarcity.

The Soul of Latin America

The Soul of Latin America

The Cultural and Political Tradition

  • Author: Howard J. Wiarda
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300098365
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 417
  • View: 7354
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To understand Latin America's political culture, and to understand why it differs so greatly from that of the United States, one must look beyond the political history of the region, Howard J. Wiarda explains in this comprehensive book. A highly respected expert on Latin American politics, Wiarda explores a sweeping array of Iberian and Latin American social, economic, institutional, cultural, and religious factors from ancient times to the twentieth century. He illuminates the distinctive political attitudes and traditions of Latin America as well as the unique-and not widely understood-features of present-day Latin American models of democracy. While Ibero-American and Western liberal traditions draw from the same classical thinkers, they often emphasize different ideas and reach different conclusions, Wiarda contends. He traces the influences of Rome, Islam, medieval Christianity, the Reconquest, and Iberian feudalism, and the powerful but largely unacknowledged effects of the Counter-Reformation on Iberian and Latin American civilizations. The author concludes with a discussion of recent changes in political culture and an assessment of the strength of democracy's hold in the nations of Latin America.--From publisher description.

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940

  • Author: Richard Graham
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • ISBN: 0292788886
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 143
  • View: 8942
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From the mid-nineteenth century until the 1930s, many Latin American leaders faced a difficult dilemma regarding the idea of race. On the one hand, they aspired to an ever-closer connection to Europe and North America, where, during much of this period, "scientific" thought condemned nonwhite races to an inferior category. Yet, with the heterogeneous racial makeup of their societies clearly before them and a growing sense of national identity impelling consideration of national futures, Latin American leaders hesitated. What to do? Whom to believe? Latin American political and intellectual leaders' sometimes anguished responses to these dilemmas form the subject of The Idea of Race in Latin America. Thomas Skidmore, Aline Helg, and Alan Knight have each contributed chapters that succinctly explore various aspects of the story in Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, and Mexico. While keenly alert to the social and economic differences that distinguish one Latin American society from another, each author has also addressed common issues that Richard Graham ably draws together in a brief introduction. Written in a style that will make it accessible to the undergraduate, this book will appeal as well to the sophisticated scholar.

Latin America and the Comintern, 1919-1943

Latin America and the Comintern, 1919-1943

  • Author: Manuel Caballero
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521523318
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8257
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A study of Latin American participation in the Third (communist) International.