Search Results for "independent-agencies-in-the-united-states-law-structure-and-politics"

Independent Agencies in the United States

Independent Agencies in the United States

Law, Structure, and Politics

  • Author: Marshall J. Breger,Gary J. Edles
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199812128
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 562
  • View: 3926
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It is essential for anyone involved in law, politics, and government, as well as students of the governmental process, to comprehend the workings of the federal independent regulatory agencies of the United States. Occasionally referred to as the "headless fourth branch of government," these agencies do not fit neatly within any of the three constitutional branches. Their members are appointed for terms that typically exceed those of the President, and they cannot be removed from office in the absence of some sort of malfeasance or misconduct. They wield enormous power over the private sector, and they have foreign analogues. In Independent Agencies in the United States, Marshall Breger and Gary Edles provide a full-length study of the structure and workings of federal independent regulatory agencies in the US. This book focuses on traditional multi-member agencies that have a significant impact on the American economy, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, the National Labor Relations Commission, and the Federal Trade Commission. This work recognizes that the changing kaleidoscope of modern life has led Congress to create idiosyncratic administrative structures consisting of independent agencies squarely within the Executive Branch, including government corporations and government-sponsored enterprises, to establish a new construct of independence to meet the changing needs of the administrative state. In the process, Breger and Edles analyze the general conflict between political accountability and agency independence. This book also compares US with EU and certain UK independent agencies to offer a unique comparative perspective. Included is a first-of-its-kind appendix describing the powers and procedures of the more than 35 independent US federal agencies, with each supplemented by a selective bibliography of pertinent materials.

Money and Banks in the American Political System

Money and Banks in the American Political System

  • Author: Kathryn C. Lavelle
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139851861
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 802
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In Money and Banks in the American Political System, debates over financial politics are woven into the political fabric of the state and contemporary conceptions of the American dream. The author argues that the political sources of instability in finance derive from the nexus between market innovation and regulatory arbitrage. This book explores monetary, fiscal and regulatory policies within a political culture characterized by the separation of business and state, and mistrust of the concentration of power in any one political or economic institution. The bureaucratic arrangements among the branches of government, the Federal Reserve, executive agencies, and government sponsored enterprises incentivize agencies to compete for budgets, resources, governing authority and personnel.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History. (Two volume set)

The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History. (Two volume set)

  • Author: Michael Kazin,Rebecca Edwards,Adam Rothman
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400833566
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1056
  • View: 8926
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An essential resource for anyone interested in U.S. history and politics, this two-volume encyclopedia covers the major forces that have shaped American politics from the founding to today. Broad in scope, the book addresses both the traditional topics of political history--such as eras, institutions, political parties, presidents, and founding documents--and the wider subjects of current scholarship, including military, electoral, and economic events, as well as social movements, popular culture, religion, education, race, gender, and more. Each article, specially commissioned for this book, goes beyond basic facts to provide readers with crucial context, expert analysis, and informed perspectives on the evolution of American politics. Written by more than 170 leading historians and social scientists, The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History gives students, scholars, and researchers authoritative introductions to the subject's most important topics and a first step to further research. Features nearly 190 entries, organized alphabetically and written by a distinguished team of scholars, including Dean Baker, Lewis L. Gould, Alexander Keyssar, James T. Kloppenberg, Patricia Nelson Limerick, Lisa McGirr, Mark A. Noll, Jack N. Rakove, Nick Salvatore, Stephen Skowronek, Jeremi Suri, and Julian E. Zelizer Describes key political periods and eras, from the founding to the present day Traces the history of political institutions, parties, and founding documents Explains ideas, philosophies, and movements that shaped American politics Presents the political history and influence of geographic regions Describes the roles of ethnic, racial, and religious groups in the political process Explores the influence of mass culture, from political cartoons to the Internet Examines recurring issues that shape political campaigns and policy, from class, gender, and race to crime, education, taxation, voting, welfare, and much more Includes bibliographies, cross-references, appendixes, a comprehensive index, and more than 50 illustrations and maps

The Political Economy of Government Auditing

The Political Economy of Government Auditing

Financial Governance and the Rule of Law in Latin America and Beyond

  • Author: Carlos Santiso
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134021526
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8496
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The Political Economy of Government Auditing addresses the elusive quest for greater transparency and accountability in the management of public finances in emerging economies; and, more specifically, it examines the contribution of autonomous audit agencies (AAAs) to the fight against corruption and waste. Whilst the role of audit agencies in curbing corruption is increasingly acknowledged, there exists little comparative work on their institutional effectiveness. Addressing the performance of AAAs in emerging economies, Carlos Santiso pursues a political economy perspective that addresses the context in which audit agencies are embedded, and the governance factors that make them work or fail. Here, the cases of Argentina, Brazil and Chile are examined, as they illustrate the three – parliamentary, court and independent – models of AAAs in modern states, and their three distinct trajectories of reform, or lack of reform. Beyond Latin America, considerations on the reform of government auditing in other countries, developed and developing are also taken up as, it is argued, while institutional arrangements for government auditing matter, political factors ultimately determine the effectiveness of AAAs. Reforming AAAs, it is concluded, must consider the trajectory of state building, the role of law in public administration and the quality of governance. An important contribution to the comparative study of governance institutions, and especially those tasked with overseeing the budget and curbing corruption, The Political Economy of Government Auditing will be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics, development studies, administrative law, and public finance; as well as to development practitioners and policy-makers in developing countries, donor governments and international institutions.

Comparative Administrative Law

Comparative Administrative Law

  • Author: Susan Rose-Ackerman,Peter L. Lindseth
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1849808104
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 688
  • View: 4266
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This research handbook is a comprehensive overview of the field of comparative administrative law. The specially commissioned chapters in this landmark volume represent a broad, multi-method approach combining perspectives from history and social science with more strictly legal analyses. Comparisons of the United States, continental Europe, and the British Commonwealth are complemented by contributions that focus on Latin America, Africa, and Asia. The work aims to stimulate comparative research on public law, reaching across countries and scholarly disciplines. Beginning with historical reflections on the emergence of administrative law over the last two centuries, the volume then turns to the relationship of administrative and constitutional law, with an additional section focusing on the key issue of administrative independence. Two further sections highlight the possible tensions between impartial expertise and public accountability, drawing insights from economics and political science as well as law. The final section considers the changing boundaries of the administrative state – both the public-private distinction and the links between domestic and transnational regulatory bodies such as the European Union. In covering this broad range of topics, the book illuminates a core concern of administrative law: the way individuals and organizations across different systems test and challenge the legitimacy of public authority. This extensive, interdisciplinary appraisal of the field will prove a vital resource for scholars and students of administrative and comparative law. Historians of the state looking for a broad overview of a key area of public law, reformers in emerging economies, donor agencies looking for governance options, and policy analysts with an interest in the law/policy interface will find this work a valuable addition to their library.

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

  • Author: Office of the Federal Register (U.S.)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Administrative law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4820
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The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

Public Policy and Economic Competition in Japan

Public Policy and Economic Competition in Japan

Change and Continuity in Antimonopoly Policy, 1973-1995

  • Author: Michael L. Beeman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134533780
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 9272
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Viewed historically as the lapdog of business, bureaucratic and political interests, Japan's Fair Trade Commission has had mixed success in promoting its agenda for stronger antimonopoly policy since the early 1970s. Dr. Beeman unravels antimonopoly politics in Japan through an analysis of the diverse interests of industry, government, and other parties to reveal how and why antimonopoly policy has made important inroads yet ultimately failed to gain deep acceptance in Japan. Employing extensive use of primary research materials and numerous interviews, Dr. Beeman finds predictable patterns of change as well as themes of continuity in the development of Japan's antimonopoly policy. By addressing a broad array of industry sectors and policy issues, the book provides fresh insight into an agency and a policy that have often been criticized from within Japan as too stringent and from outside Japan as too lax.

Introduction to Politics

Introduction to Politics

  • Author: CTI Reviews
  • Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
  • ISBN: 1467255394
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 474
  • View: 8075
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Introduction to Politics. In this book, you will learn topics such as Democracy and Political Obligation, Freedom and Justice, Traditional Ideologies, and Challenges to the Dominant Ideologies plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Local government structure in the United States

Local government structure in the United States

  • Author: United States. Bureau of the Census
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 91
  • View: 6753
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Independent Child Migrations: Insights into Agency, Vulnerability, and Structure

Independent Child Migrations: Insights into Agency, Vulnerability, and Structure

New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 136

  • Author: Aida Orgocka,Christina Clark-Kazak
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118431529
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 112
  • View: 6468
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Explore the complexities of international independent child migration. This volume gives particular focus to agency and vulnerability as central concepts for understanding the diverse experiences of children who have migrated alone. Combining perspectives from academics and practitioners, the volume is filled with thought-provoking insights into the nature of current programmatic interventions for independent child migrants. It further invites critical reflection on the complex socio-economic, political, and cultural contexts in which migration decisions are taken. Contributors recognize that independent child migrants, despite vulnerabilities, are active decision-makers in determining movement, responding to violent and discriminatory situations, resisting stereotypical assumptions, and figuring out integration and life choices as these are shaped by existing structural opportunities and constraints. This is the 136th volume in this series. Its mission is to provide scientific and scholarly presentations on cutting edge issues and concepts in child and adolescent development. Each volume focuses on a specific new direction or research topic and is edited by experts on that topic.

Guide to African Political and Economic Development

Guide to African Political and Economic Development

  • Author: Guy Arnold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135970696
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 400
  • View: 9559
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First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations

International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General Diplomacy and Consular Relations

Published under the Auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the Direction of Rudolf Bernhardt

  • Author: Yong Zhou
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483256995
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 442
  • View: 357
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Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 9: International Relations and Legal Cooperation in General, Diplomacy, and Consular Relations focuses on international relations and legal cooperation in general, including diplomacy and consular relations. The publication first offers information on the international aspects of administrative law, the Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee, Atlantic Charter (1941), Bandung Conference (1955), and the international regulation on broadcasting. The text also examines the international protection of children, coded communications, international conferences and congresses, consular jurisdiction, treaties, and relations, and international criminal law. Discussions focus on bilateral consular agreements, establishment of consular relations, privileges and immunities, legal situation, historical evolution of legal rules, and protection for children in special situations. The manuscript ponders on wildlife protection, international regulation on the use of water, waste disposal, unjust enrichment, transfrontier pollution, tourism, terrorism, and international regulation on telecommunications. Topics include principles governing international telecommunication, space telecommunications, special legal problem on terrorism, touristic relations between states, historical evolution of transfrontier pollution, international consequences of water use, and global, regional, and bilateral treatises on wildlife protection. The publication is a vital source of data for researchers interested in international relations and legal cooperation in general, as well as diplomacy and consular relations.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

  • Author: Richard T. Schaefer
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412926947
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1622
  • View: 7167
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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Leadership and Culture

Leadership and Culture

Comparative Models of Top Civil Servant Training

  • Author: Montgomery Van Wart,A. Hondeghem,E. Schwella,Vivien E. Nice
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 113745413X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 357
  • View: 5357
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This collection examines the leadership training of public administration in 19 countries and provides information on where, what, and how the training occurs as well as the up-to-date cultural, political, economic background for each. Factors affecting perceived importance, quality and robustness of top civil servant training are examined.

The Judiciary and Democratic Decay in Latin America

The Judiciary and Democratic Decay in Latin America

Declining Confidence in the Rule of Law

  • Author: William C. Prillaman
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275968496
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 198
  • View: 9308
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Prillaman fills a significant gap in the literature on democratic consolidation and challenges the conventional wisdom about Latin American judicial reform. He has developed a coherent list of indicators to monitor whether judiciaries are improving or decaying over time, applied that framework to contemporary case studies, and concluded that prospects for democracy are bleaker than traditionally assumed.

Managerial Economics and Business Strategy

Managerial Economics and Business Strategy

  • Author: CTI Reviews
  • Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
  • ISBN: 1467240109
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 73
  • View: 2257
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Managerial Economics and Business Strategy. In this book, you will learn topics such as Quantitative Demand Analysis, The Theory of Individual Behavior, The Production Process and Costs, and The Organization of the Firm plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Deregulating Telecommunications

Deregulating Telecommunications

U.S. and Canadian Telecommunications, 1840-1997

  • Author: Kevin G. Wilson
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780847698257
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 309
  • View: 2820
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This volume critically examines the transition from monopoly to competition in the U.S. and Canadian telecommunications industries. it looks at the history of the telephone industry, its regulation, and over a century of related public policy.

International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law

International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law

Anchoring Democracy?

  • Author: Amichai Magen,Leonardo Morlino
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134058144
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5409
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Do external factors facilitate or hamper domestic democratic development? Do international actors influence the development of greater civil and political freedom, democratic accountability, equality, responsiveness and the rule of law in domestic systems? How should we conceptualize, identify and evaluate the extent and nature of international influence? These are some of the complex questions that this volume approaches. Using new theoretical insights and empirical data, the contributors develop a model to analyze the transitional processes of Romania, Turkey, Serbia and Ukraine. In developing this argument, the book examines: the adoption, implementation and internalization of the rule of law the rule of law as a central dimension of liberal and substantive democracy the interaction between external and domestic structures and agents Offering a different stance from most of the current literature on the subject, International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law makes an important contribution to our knowledge of the international dimensions of democratization. This book will be of importance to scholars, students and policy-makers with an interest in the rule of law, international relations theory and comparative politics.

The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics

  • Author: Keith E. Whittington,R. Daniel Kelemen,Gregory A. Caldeira
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191615064
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 832
  • View: 789
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The study of law and politics is one of the foundation stones of the discipline of political science, and it has been one of the most productive areas of cross-fertilization between the various subfields of political science and between political science and other cognate disciplines. This Handbook provides a comprehensive survey of the field of law and politics in all its diversity, ranging from such traditional subjects as theories of jurisprudence, constitutionalism, judicial politics and law-and-society to such re-emerging subjects as comparative judicial politics, international law, and democratization. The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics gathers together leading scholars in the field to assess key literatures shaping the discipline today and to help set the direction of research in the decade ahead.

Railroad safety : U.S.-Canadian comparison.

Railroad safety : U.S.-Canadian comparison.

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1428924876
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1022
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