Search Results for "industrial-espionage-and-technology-transfer-britain-and-france-in-the-eighteenth-century"

Industrial Espionage and Technology Transfer

Industrial Espionage and Technology Transfer

Britain and France in the 18th Century

  • Author: John R Harris
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351927779
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5870
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Britain and France were the leading industrial nations in 18th-century Europe. This book examines the rivalry which existed between the two nations and the methods used by France to obtain the skilled manpower and technology which had given Britain the edge - particularly in the new coal-based technologies. Despite the British Act of 1719 which outlawed industrial espionage and technology transfer, France continued to bring key industrial workers from Britain and to acquire British machinery and production methods. Drawing on a mass of unpublished archival material, this book investigates the nature and application of British laws and the involvement of some major British industrialists in these issues, and discusses the extent to which French espionage had any real success. In the process it presents an in-depth understanding of 18th-century economies, and the cultures and bureaucracies which were so important in shaping economic life. Above all, the late John Harris saw the history of industrial espionage as 'one means of restoring the thoughts and activities of human beings to the centre stage of industrial history'. These are the stories of individuals - Holkers, Trudaines, Wilkinsons, or Milnes - and their impact on the world.

Die Weltausstellung von 1851 und ihre Folgen / The Great Exhibition and its Legacy

Die Weltausstellung von 1851 und ihre Folgen / The Great Exhibition and its Legacy

  • Author: Franz Bosbach,John Davis
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110960192
  • Category: History
  • Page: 440
  • View: 8247
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Organizing Global Technology Flows

Organizing Global Technology Flows

Institutions, Actors, and Processes

  • Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé,Shigehiro Nishimura
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113501356X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 284
  • View: 8125
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Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.

Understanding the Industrial Revolution

Understanding the Industrial Revolution

  • Author: Dr Charles More,Charles More
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134670079
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8738
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Understanding the Industrial Revolution is a fresh, new exploration of this economic phenomenon of major importance. It describes theories of economic growth, shows how these can be applied to the revolution and discusses them in the light of modern research. Furthermore, it places the debate surrounding the social effects of industrialisation into the context of economic change during the period. This book includes discussion of: * theories on the supply of capital * role of labour * innovation and entrepreneurship * the significance of transport * the impact of industrialisation on living standards. Each aspect of the Industrial Revolution in Britain is discussed in depth, focusing on the important debates and reviewing the most recent research.

Sweden in the Eighteenth-Century World

Sweden in the Eighteenth-Century World

Provincial Cosmopolitans

  • Author: Professor Göran Rydén
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 140946590X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 386
  • View: 4271
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Eighteenth-century Sweden was deeply involved in the process of globalisation: ships leaving Sweden’s central ports exported bar iron that would drive the Industrial Revolution, whilst arriving ships would bring not only exotic goods and commodities to Swedish consumers, but also new ideas and cultural practices with them. At the same time, Sweden was an agricultural country to a large extent governed by self-subsistence, and - for most - wealth was created within this structure. This volume brings together a group of scholars from a range of disciplinary backgrounds who seek to present a more nuanced and elaborated picture of the Swedish cosmopolitan eighteenth century. Together they paint a picture of Sweden that is more like the one eighteenth-century intellectuals imagined, and help to situate Sweden in histories of cosmopolitanism of the wider world.

Essays in Industry and Technology in the 18th Century

Essays in Industry and Technology in the 18th Century

England and France

  • Author: John Raymond Harris
  • Publisher: Variorum Publishing
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 223
  • View: 5762
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This collection of essays is devoted to the industrial history of England and France in the 18th century and concentrates in particular on transfers of technology between them. There are specific studies of technical transfer in the steel, glass and hardware industries, and on the place of the skills of the workmen in the diffusion of technology. Industrial espionage, too, early had its place, and one essay investigates why it was resorted to and how it was carried out. In the new introductory chapter, John Harris surveys the rise of a new range of technologies in England, based on dramatic increase in the use of coal, and emphasises that this was basic to British industrial leadership and a main reason for her expertise being desired abroad. Throughout, the part played by individuals - from inventors and entrepreneurs to managers, ministers and skilled workers - is regarded as essential to the process of industrial development.Ce recueil est voué à l'histoire industrielle de l'Angleterre et de la France au 18e siècle et se concentre plus particulièrement sur les transferts de technologie entre les deux pays. Certaines études traitent spécifiquement des échanges techniques dans l'industrie de l'acier et celle du verre, ainsi que de l'importance de la compétence des ouvriers quant à la diffusion de la technologie. L'espionage industriel, qui lui aussi a rapidement vu jour, fait le sujet d'un article enquêtant sur sa raison d'être et les méthodes employées. Dans le nouveau chapître d'introduction, John Harris évalue l'essor d'un nouvel éventail de technologie en Angleterre, basé sur l'augmentation dramatique de la consommation de charbon; il insiste que ce fait était à la base de la préponderance industrielle britannique et l'une des raisons principales pour lesquelles son expertise était si recherchée à l'étranger. Le rôle joué par l'individu - de l'inventeur à l'administrateur en passant par les entrepreneurs, les ministres et les ouvriers spécialisés - est constamment souligné au travers du volume comme étant l'un des facteurs essentiels du processus de développement industriel.

Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic

Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic

  • Author: Thomas H. Cox
  • Publisher: Ohio University Press
  • ISBN: 082144333X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4531
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Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic examines a landmark decision in American jurisprudence, the first Supreme Court case to deal with the thorny legal issue of interstate commerce. Decided in 1824, Gibbons v. Ogden arose out of litigation between owners of rival steamboat lines over passenger and freight routes between the neighboring states of New York and New Jersey. But what began as a local dispute over the right to ferry the paying public from the New Jersey shore to New York City soon found its way into John Marshall’s court and constitutional history. The case is consistently ranked as one of the twenty most significant Supreme Court decisions and is still taught in constitutional law courses, cited in state and federal cases, and quoted in articles on constitutional, business, and technological history. Gibbons v. Ogden initially attracted enormous public attention because it involved the development of a new and sensational form of technology. To early Americans, steamboats were floating symbols of progress—cheaper and quicker transportation that could bring goods to market and refinement to the backcountry. A product of the rough-and-tumble world of nascent capitalism and legal innovation, the case became a landmark decision that established the supremacy of federal regulation of interstate trade, curtailed states’ rights, and promoted a national market economy. The case has been invoked by prohibitionists, New Dealers, civil rights activists, and social conservatives alike in debates over federal regulation of issues ranging from labor standards to gun control. This lively study fills in the social and political context in which the case was decided—the colorful and fascinating personalities, the entrepreneurial spirit of the early republic, and the technological breakthroughs that brought modernity to the masses.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 6185
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Frühneuzeit-Info

Frühneuzeit-Info

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Civilization, Modern
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1943
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The fibre that changed the world

The fibre that changed the world

the cotton industry in international perspective, 1600-1990s

  • Author: D. A. Farnie,David J. Jeremy
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 614
  • View: 8724
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This volume offers new and global perspectives on the cotton industry. One group of essays sets it in its global context. A second group undertakes a detailed survey of eight different states, including the major players in the world league of cotton textile producers. The data and the views presented offer a range of challenges to currently-accepted interpretations, not least the depreciation of the role of the industry during British industrialization and the myth of the destructive impact of western competition upon the craft industries of Asia.

Technikgeschichte

Technikgeschichte

eine Einführung in ihre Konzepte und Forschungsergebnisse

  • Author: Wolfgang König
  • Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
  • ISBN: 9783515094238
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 264
  • View: 8256
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The history of technology is one of the fastest emerging historical sub-disciplines. In this volume, the author presents technology and the history of technology within the System of Sciences: in engineering, natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Then he addresses key concepts of the history of technology such as innovation, determinism, social construction, revolution, and evolution, and then discusses their theoretical content and heuristic potential. Another section contains a sketch of the technical development since the Industrial Revolution using the most important literature as a basis. The introduction concludes with the fundamental question of how much one can learn from the history of technology. German text.

Journal of Economic Literature

Journal of Economic Literature

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8618
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Elitenwanderung und Wissenstransfer im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

Elitenwanderung und Wissenstransfer im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

  • Author: Dittmar Dahlmann,Reinhold Reith
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783898618557
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 249
  • View: 2361
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Technology and Culture

Technology and Culture

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Technology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 433
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The Mariner's Mirror

The Mariner's Mirror

  • Author: Leonard George Carr Laughton,Roger Charles Anderson,William Gordon Perrin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Great Britain
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9250
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Global Technology Transfer

Global Technology Transfer

Issues and Bibliography

  • Author: John Chumack
  • Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9781590331811
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 222
  • View: 4581
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Governments the world over fret continuously about the low level of transfer of technology, especially within their own countries. The general problem is military to industry although the variations are numerous. Problems of presentation, offering and support complicate an already byzantine world. Yet somewhere within this dilemma lie the seeds of tomorrow's economic uptick. Besides the nontrivial problems involved here, the reluctance of the people having the technology to share it with someone who can profit from it, stands out. This book presents the issues and offers a comprehensive bibliography for easy access.

Laudato si

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

  • Author: Franziskus (Papst),
  • Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
  • ISBN: 345180736X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5381
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Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Donald J. Trump: Great again!

Donald J. Trump: Great again!

Wie ich Amerika retten werde

  • Author: Donald J. Trump
  • Publisher: Plassen Verlag
  • ISBN: 3864703859
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4888
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Zieht "The Donald" ins Weiße Haus? Für seine Fans verheißt er die Rückkehr goldener Zeiten. Für seine Gegner ist er wahlweise ein Lügner, ein Großmaul, ein Demagoge, ein Rassist oder vieles mehr. Ganz egal, wie man zu ihm steht – der Immobilien-Tycoon ist dem mächtigsten Amt der Welt bereits näher gekommen, als alle es für möglich gehalten hätten. Zeit also, sich zumindest einmal mit seinen Ansichten vertraut zu machen. Diese finden sich in seinem aktuellen Buch, in dem er, wen wundert's, darlegt, wie er sein geschundenes Land wieder zu alter Größe führen kann. Ein Buch das polarisieren wird. Ein Buch, das man gelesen haben sollte, um über die Person Donald Trump mitreden zu können.

Öffentliche Wissenschaft

Öffentliche Wissenschaft

Elektrizität in der deutschen Aufklärung

  • Author: Oliver Hochadel
  • Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783892446293
  • Category: Electric power
  • Page: 364
  • View: 7678
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