Search Results for "interaction-of-radiation-with-matter"

Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Radiation with Matter

  • Author: Hooshang Nikjoo,Shuzo Uehara,Dimitris Emfietzoglou
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1466509600
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 5465
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Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics. The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning. Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.

Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter

Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter

  • Author: N. B. Delone
  • Publisher: Atlantica Séguier Frontières
  • ISBN: 9782863321270
  • Category: Laser beams
  • Page: 401
  • View: 2189
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Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

An Introduction

  • Author: Sow-Hsin Chen,Michael Kotlarchyk
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810220266
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 8909
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This book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled The Interaction of Radiation with Matter, taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray and light-scattering techniques.

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications

  • Author: A. Mozumder,Yoshihiko Hatano
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780203913284
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 860
  • View: 3542
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Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter offers in-depth perspectives on phenomena of ionization and excitation induced by charged particle and photon interactions with matter in vivo and in vitro. This reference probes concepts not only in radiation and photochemistry, but also in radiation physics, radiation biochemistry, and radiation biology as well as recent applications in medicine and material, environmental, space, and biological science and engineering. It studies reports on the interactions of high-energy photons, specifically in the vacuum ultraviolet-soft X-ray region to offer fundamental information on the primary processes of the interactions of charged particles with matter.

Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection

Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection

  • Author: James E. Turner
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9783527616985
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 606
  • View: 5194
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.

Interaction of Particles and Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Particles and Radiation with Matter

  • Author: Vsevolod V. Balashov
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783642643835
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 2654
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Beginning with a concise introduction on the constituents of matter (elementary particles, atomic nuclei, atoms and molecules), this course on the structure of matter focuses on the interaction of particles and radiation with matter. The course is divided into fourteen lectures with each ranging from physical fundamentals to current topics in subatomic and atomic research, thus making links to modern applications. Currently important topics such as channeling, the interaction between molecular ions and matter, and muon-catalyzed fusion are also discussed. The text is suitable as an introduction for graduate students and as a reference for scientists.

Teilchen und Kerne

Teilchen und Kerne

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte

  • Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642974759
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 316
  • View: 7423
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Die Grundidee dieses einführenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist seine erste Botschaft. Die Botschaft des zweiten Teils, der den Aufbau des Quarks über die Nukleonen zu den Kernen beschreibt, ist, daß Komplexität, die aus der Vielkörper-Wechselwirkung entsteht, immer mehr die Gesetzmäßigkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Entstanden aus Vorlesungen an der Heidelberger Universität eignet sich dieses straff und klar abgefaßte, durch Übungsaufgaben ergänzte Lehrbuch gut als Begleittext zu einführenden Kursusvorlesungen an Hochschulen.

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

  • Author: Claude Leroy,Pier-Giorgio Rancoita
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814603201
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1344
  • View: 4248
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The fourth edition of this book has been widely revised. It includes additional chapters and some sections are complemented with either new ones or an extension of their content. In this latest edition a complete treatment of the physics and properties of semiconductors is presented, covering transport phenomena in semiconductors, scattering mechanisms, radiation effects and displacement damages. Furthermore, this edition presents a comprehensive treatment of the Coulomb scattering on screened nuclear potentials resulting from electrons, protons, light- and heavy-ions — ranging from (very) low up to ultra-relativistic kinetic energies — and allowing one to derive the corresponding NIEL (non-ionizing energy-loss) doses deposited in any material. The contents are organized into two parts: Chapters 1 to 7 cover Particle Interactions and Displacement Damage while the remaining chapters focus on Radiation Environments and Particle Detection. This book can serve as reference for graduate students and final-year undergraduates and also as supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, space physics and instrumentation. A section of the book is directed toward courses in medical physics. Researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation will also find the book useful. Contents:Particle Interactions and Displacement Damage:IntroductionElectromagnetic Interaction of Charged Particles in MatterPhoton Interaction and Electromagnetic Cascades in MatterNuclear Interactions in MatterPhysics and Properties of Silicon SemiconductorTransport Phenomena in SemiconductorsRadiation Effects and Displacement Damage in SemiconductorsRadiation Environments and Particle Detection:Radiation Environments and Damage in SemiconductorsScintillating Media and Scintillator DetectorsSolid State DetectorsDisplacement Damages and Interactions in Semiconductor DevicesGas Filled ChambersPrinciples of Particle Energy DeterminationSuperheated Droplet (Bubble) Detectors and CDM SearchMedical Physics ApplicationsAppendices:General Properties and ConstantsMathematics and Statistics Readership: Researchers, academics, graduate students and professionals in accelerator, particle, astroparticle, space, applied and medical physics. Key Features:Exceptional large coverage of the different types of detectors used in particle and nuclear physics and their principles of detectionKeywords:Radiation Interaction in Matter;Solid State Detectors;Scintillator Detectors;Gas Filled Chamber Detectors;Energy Determination;Dark Matter;Double Beta Decay;Processes of Energy Deposition;Radiation Damages;Medical Physics Applications "The fourth edition has been extensively revised and offers additional chapters. It presents a comprehensive treatment of the Coulomb scattering on screened nuclear potentials resulting from electrons, positrons, protons, light- and heavy-ions and allowing one to derive the corresponding NIEL doses deposited in any material and compound, because of atomic displacements caused by the interaction." Professor Karel Kudela Institute of Experimental Physics

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces

  • Author: Yoshihiko Hatano,Yosuke Katsumura,A. Mozumder
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781439811801
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1064
  • View: 9375
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Building on Mozumder’s and Hatano’s Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications (CRC Press, 2004), Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces expands upon the scientific contents of the previous volume by covering state-of-the-art advances, novel applications, and future perspectives. It focuses on relatively direct applications used mainly in radiation research fields as well as the interface between radiation research and other fields. The book first explores the latest studies on primary processes (the physical stage), particularly on the energy deposition spectra and oscillator strength distributions of molecules interacting with charged particles and photons. Other studies discussed include the use of synchrotron radiation in W-value studies and the progress achieved with positrons and muons interacting with matter. It then introduces new theoretical studies on the physicochemical and chemical stages that describe the behavior of electrons in liquid hydrocarbons and the high-LET radiolysis of liquid water. The book also presents new experimental research on the physicochemical and chemical stages with specific characteristics of matter or specific experimental conditions, before covering new experimental studies on the biological stage. The last set of chapters focuses on applications in health physics and cancer therapy, applications to polymers, the applications and interface formation in space science and technology, and applications for the research and development of radiation detectors, environmental conservation, plant breeding, and nuclear engineering. Edited by preeminent scientists and with contributions from an esteemed group of international experts, this volume advances the field by offering greater insight into how charged particles and photons interact with matter. Bringing together topics across a spectrum of scientific and technological areas, it provides clear explanations of the dynamic processes involved in and applications of interface formation.

Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter

Thermal Physics Reviews

  • Author: R. Arutyunian
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9783718652167
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 65
  • View: 1847
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Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Electron Beams and Plasmas

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Electron Beams and Plasmas

  • Author: C. S. Liu,Vijai Kumar Tripathi
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810215774
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 167
  • View: 8989
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The interaction of electromagnetic waves with matter has always been a fascinating subject of study. As matter in the universe is mostly in the plasma state, the study of electromagnetic waves in plasmas is of importance to astrophysics, space physics and ionospheric physics. The physics of electromagnetic wave interacting with electron beams and plasmas also serves as a basis for coherent radiation generation such as free electron laser and gyrotron and advanced accelerators. This monograph aims at reviewing the physical processes of linear and nonlinear collective interactions of electromagnetic waves with electron beams and unmagnetized plasmas.

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

  • Author: Syed Naeem Ahmed
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0128016442
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 784
  • View: 885
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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter

Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter

  • Author: V.N. Popov,V.S. Yarunin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789027727350
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 215
  • View: 3523
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Material particles, electrons, atoms, molecules, interact with one another by means of electromagnetic forces. That is, these forces are the cause of their being combined into condensed (liquid or solid) states. In these condensed states, the motion of the particles relative to one another proceeds in orderly fashion; their individual properties as well as the electric and magnetic dipole moments and the radiation and absorption spectra, ordinarily vary little by comparison with their properties in the free state. Exceptiotls are the special so-called collective states of condensed media that are formed under phase transitions of the second kind. The collective states of matter are characterized to a high degree by the micro-ordering that arises as a result of the interaction between the particles and which is broken down by chaotic thermal motion under heating. Examples of such pheonomena are the superfluidity of liquid helium, and the superconductivity and ferromagnetism of metals, which exist only at temperatures below the critical temperature. At low temperature states the particles do not exhibit their individual characteristics and conduct themselves as a single whole in many respects. They flow along capillaries in ordered fashion and create an undamped current in a conductor or a macroscopic magnetic moment. In this regard the material acquires special properties that are not usually inherent to it.

Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds

Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds

  • Author: Boris Ildusovich Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,Ubaldo Ortiz Mendez
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1466505230
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 586
  • View: 714
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Researchers and engineers working in nuclear laboratories, nuclear electric plants, and elsewhere in the radiochemical industries need a comprehensive handbook describing all possible radiation-chemistry interactions between irradiation and materials, the preparation of materials under distinct radiation types, the possibility of damage of materials under irradiation, and more. Radiation nanotechnology is still practically an undeveloped field, except for some achievements in the fabrication of metallic nanoparticles under ionizing flows. Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds presents the state of the art of the synthesis of materials, composites, and chemical compounds, and describes methods based on the use of ionizing radiation. It is devoted to the preparation of various types of materials (including nanomaterials) and chemical compounds using ionizing radiation (alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, x-rays, and neutron, proton, and ion beams). The book presents contributions from leaders in the areas of radiation synthesis of materials and radiation damage, providing thorough and expert information for a wide range of readers, including advanced students, researchers, industrial practitioners, and university educators.

Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine

Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine

  • Author: Gopal B. Saha
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1475734972
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 253
  • View: 1284
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Supplemented with tables and illustrations throughout, each chapter provides readers with well-delineated descriptions of the different aspects of physics and radiation biology related to nuclear medicine. The last edition was successful and highly acclaimed, as Dr. Saha made many complex concepts readily understandable for residents, students and practitioners in nuclear medicine. This second edition serves as an excellent text for nuclear medicine residents and technology students to prepare for their Board and Registry examinations. Special features include: Statistical tests: The Chi-Square test, the student t-test and linear regression; Internal dosimetry based on uptake variation; Digital computers: Data acquisition, filters, data processing; Coincidence detector gamma camera; Expanded chapter on radiation biology; Criteria for patient release and breast feeding; DOT regulations.

Molecular Imaging

Molecular Imaging

Radiopharmaceuticals for PET and SPECT

  • Author: Shankar Vallabhajosula
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540767355
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 372
  • View: 6815
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Radioisotope-based molecular imaging probes provide unprecedented insight into biochemistry and function involved in both normal and disease states of living systems, with unbiased in vivo measurement of regional radiotracer activities offering very high specificity and sensitivity. No other molecular imaging technology including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can provide such high sensitivity and specificity at a tracer level. The applications of this technology can be very broad ranging from drug development, pharmacokinetics, clinical investigations, and finally to routine diagnostics in radiology. The design and the development of radiopharmaceuticals for molecular imaging studies using PET/MicroPET or SPECT/MicroSPECT are a unique challenge. This book is intended for a broad audience and written with the main purpose of educating the reader on various aspects including potential clinical utility, limitations of drug development, and regulatory compliance and approvals.

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science - Application in Agriculture

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science - Application in Agriculture

  • Author: H. Chandrasekharan,Navindu Gupta
  • Publisher: Northern Book Centre
  • ISBN: 9788172112004
  • Category: Nuclear energy
  • Page: 260
  • View: 2303
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This book is based on the compilation of lecture notes on nuclear techniques in agriculture and biology, prepared and updated for students of PG School, IARI, New Delhi during the past 16 years. The book contains three parts, namely, Fundamentals of Nuclear Science (covering the basic features), Applications (comprising essential application with focus on agriculture) and Appendices (consisting of bibliography, nuclear terms, radioactive decay charts, select constants and abbreviations used). Salient Features • Language is lucid and informal. • Unique in terms of its contents and 88 illustrations and 11 photographs that simplify and encourage the readers in understanding the approach and theory. • Recent developments in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance have been discussed. • Provides a comprehensive view of the potentialities of nuclear science and its application. • Contains clarity and high level of precision in presenting the subject matter. • A detailed bibliography for further reading. • Detail contents at the begining facilitate quick revision. • Can be used either as a textbook or for supplementary reading in colleges, universities and research institutions dealing with applications of nuclear techniques. • Would be of immense help to the academic community at large. In short, the flawless presentation on various aspects of nuclear applications is expected to enrich biologists and agricultural scientists to easily understand not only the basic concepts but also essentials on the application of the nuclear energy in a variety of ways for research and in agriculture.

Physikalische Grundlagen und Technik Teil 1 / Physical Principles and Techniques

Physikalische Grundlagen und Technik Teil 1 / Physical Principles and Techniques

  • Author: L. Ackermann,A. Bouwers,C. Carlsson,K. Dümmling,U. Goering,O. Haxel,R. Krebs,S. Ledin,K. Lidén,L. Lorentzon,G. A. Magni,H. Mergler,F. W. Spiers,H. Schleussner,M. P. Visser,F. Wachsmann,E. S. Wasser,E. Zieler,H. Vieten
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3642950426
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 663
  • View: 9452
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Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis, Sixth Edition

Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis, Sixth Edition

  • Author: James W. Robinson,Eileen M. Skelly Frame,George M. Frame II
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780849306501
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1079
  • View: 4421
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Completely rewritten, revised, and updated, this Sixth Edition reflects the latest technologies and applications in spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and chromatography. It illustrates practices and methods specific to each major chemical analytical technique while showcasing innovations and trends currently impacting the field. Many of the chapters have been individually reviewed by teaching professors and include descriptions of the fundamental principles underlying each technique, demonstrations of the instrumentation, and new problem sets and suggested experiments appropriate to the topic. About the authors... JAMES W. ROBINSON is Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. A Fellow of the Royal Chemical Society, he is the author of over 200 professional papers and book chapters and several books including Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and Atomic Spectroscopy. He was Executive Editor of Spectroscopy Letters and the Journal of Environmental Science and Health (both titles, Marcel Dekker, Inc.) and the Handbook of Spectroscopy and the Practical Handbook of Spectroscopy (both titles, CRC Press). He received the B.Sc. (1949), Ph.D. (1952), and D.Sc. (1978) degrees from the University of Birmingham, England. EILEEN M. SKELLY FRAME recently was Clinical Assistant Professor and Visiting Research Professor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. Dr. Skelly Frame has extensive practical experience in the use of instrumental analysis to characterize a wide variety of substances, from biological samples and cosmetics to high temperature superconductors, polymers, metals, and alloys. Her industrial career includes supervisory roles at GE Corporate Research and Development, Stauffer Chemical Corporate R&D, and the Research Triangle Institute. She is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Society for Applied Spectroscopy, and the American Society for Testing and Materials. Dr. Skelly Frame received the B.S. degree in chemistry from Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. GEORGE M. FRAME II is Scientific Director, Chemical Biomonitoring Section of the Wadsworth Laboratory, New York State Department of Health, Albany. He has a wide range of experience in the field and has worked at the GE Corporate R&D Center, Pfizer Central Research, the U.S. Coast Guard R&D Center, the Maine Medical Center, and the USAF Biomedical Sciences Corps. He is an American Chemical Society member. Dr. Frame received the B.A. degree in chemistry from Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the Ph.D. degree in analytical chemistry from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Principles and Practice of Radiation Therapy

Principles and Practice of Radiation Therapy

  • Author: Charles M. Washington,Dennis T. Leaver
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • ISBN: 0323287816
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 928
  • View: 2390
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The only radiation therapy text written by radiation therapists, Principles and Practice of Radiation Therapy, 4th Edition helps you understand cancer management and improve clinical techniques for delivering doses of radiation. A problem-based approach makes it easy to apply principles to treatment planning and delivery. New to this edition are updates on current equipment, procedures, and treatment planning. Written by radiation therapy experts Charles Washington and Dennis Leaver, this comprehensive text will be useful throughout your radiation therapy courses and beyond. Comprehensive coverage of radiation therapy includes a clear introduction and overview plus complete information on physics, simulation, and treatment planning. Spotlights and shaded boxes identify the most important concepts. End-of-chapter questions provide a useful review. Chapter objectives, key terms, outlines, and summaries make it easier to prioritize, understand, and retain key information. Key terms are bolded and defined at first mention in the text, and included in the glossary for easy reference. UPDATED chemotherapy section, expansion of What Causes Cancer, and inclusions of additional cancer biology terms and principles provide the essential information needed for clinical success. UPDATED coverage of post-image manipulation techniques includes new material on Cone beam utilization, MR imaging, image guided therapy, and kV imaging. NEW section on radiation safety and misadministration of treatment beams addresses the most up-to-date practice requirements. Content updates also include new ASRT Practice Standards and AHA Patient Care Partnership Standards, keeping you current with practice requirements. UPDATED full-color insert is expanded to 32 pages, and displays images from newer modalities.