Search Results for "interests-institutions-and-information"

Interests, Institutions, and Information

Interests, Institutions, and Information

Domestic Politics and International Relations

  • Author: Helen V. Milner
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691011769
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 309
  • View: 1201
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The interaction of the domestic actors' preferences, given their political institutions and levels of information, defines when international cooperation is possible and what its terms will be. Several test cases examine how this argument explains the phases of a cooperative attempt: the initiation, the negotiations at the international level, and the eventual domestic ratification.

Ein legitimes Regime humanitärer Interventionen

Ein legitimes Regime humanitärer Interventionen

Die Chancen innerhalb der liberalen Theorie internationaler Beziehungen

  • Author: Lukas Schulte
  • Publisher: diplom.de
  • ISBN: 383662608X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 105
  • View: 7019
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Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: The general problem is that intervention, even when it is justified, even when it is necessary to prevent terrible crimes, even when it poses no threat to regional or global stability, is an imperfect duty a duty that does not belong to any particular agent. Somebody ought to intervene, but no specific state or society is morally bound to do so. And in many of these cases, no one does. People are indeed capable of watching and listening and doing nothing. The massacres go on, and every country that is able to stop them decides that it has more urgent tasks and conflicting priorities; the likely costs of intervention are too high , Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars. Ob Bosnien, Ruanda oder Srebrenica allein die letzten Jahre des vergangenen Jahrhunderts zeigen, dass die internationale Staatengesellschaft bei schweren Menschenrechtsverletzungen bis hin zu Völkermord regelmäßig in der Rolle des Zuschauers verharrt. Im März 1998, vier Jahre nach dem Völkermord in Ruanda, entschuldigt sich der US-Präsident Clinton in Kigali für die Tatsache, that we the United States and the world community did not do as much as we could have and should have done to try to limit what occurred. Für 800.000 Ruander, die Opfer des 100-tägigen Völkermords wurden, kam diese Einsicht jedoch zu spät. Sie warteten vergeblich darauf, dass die internationale Staatengesellschaft die Verantwortung für sie übernehmen würde. Humanitäre Interventionen werden oft mit dem Argument abgelehnt, dass sie in Angelegenheiten eingreifen, die im alleinigen Kompetenzbereich des Staates liegen. Eine absolute (westfälische) Souveränität wird jedoch sowohl von moralischer als inzwischen auch von völkerrechtlicher Seite nicht mehr akzeptiert. Bei schweren Verletzungen der Menschenrechte wie Völkermord verspielt eine Regierung ihr Recht auf Souveränität die Verantwortung für den Schutz der potenziellen Opfer geht auf die internationale Gesellschaft über. Zwar existiert kein allgemeines Recht auf humanitäre Interventionen, der UN-Sicherheitsrat kann aber militärische Maßnahmen nach Kapitel VII der UN-Charta autorisieren, um einen Völkermord zu verhindern bzw. zu beenden. Die Autorisierung hängt davon ab, ob ein Veto-Staat Interessen hat, die gegen eine Intervention sprechen, und ob Staaten bereit sind, Eingreiftruppen für eine Intervention zur Verfügung zu stellen. Ob die internationale Gesellschaft bei Völkermorden eingreift, ist also keine Frage der Moral [...]

Sailing the Water's Edge

Sailing the Water's Edge

The Domestic Politics of American Foreign Policy

  • Author: Helen V. Milner,Dustin Tingley
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400873827
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2456
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When engaging with other countries, the U.S. government has a number of different policy instruments at its disposal, including foreign aid, international trade, and the use of military force. But what determines which policies are chosen? Does the United States rely too much on the use of military power and coercion in its foreign policies? Sailing the Water's Edge focuses on how domestic U.S. politics—in particular the interactions between the president, Congress, interest groups, bureaucratic institutions, and the public—have influenced foreign policy choices since World War II and shows why presidents have more control over some policy instruments than others. Presidential power matters and it varies systematically across policy instruments. Helen Milner and Dustin Tingley consider how Congress and interest groups have substantial material interests in and ideological divisions around certain issues and that these factors constrain presidents from applying specific tools. As a result, presidents select instruments that they have more control over, such as use of the military. This militarization of U.S. foreign policy raises concerns about the nature of American engagement, substitution among policy tools, and the future of U.S. foreign policy. Milner and Tingley explore whether American foreign policy will remain guided by a grand strategy of liberal internationalism, what affects American foreign policy successes and failures, and the role of U.S. intelligence collection in shaping foreign policy. The authors support their arguments with rigorous theorizing, quantitative analysis, and focused case studies, such as U.S. foreign policy in Sub-Saharan Africa across two presidential administrations. Sailing the Water’s Edge examines the importance of domestic political coalitions and institutions on the formation of American foreign policy.

Russian-Belarusian Integration

Russian-Belarusian Integration

Playing Games Behind the Kremlin Walls

  • Author: Alex Danilovich
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351149660
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 1773
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Russian domestic politics has long been both labyrinthine and pragmatic, at once both inordinately complex and breathtakingly dynamic. The same can be said of Russia's foreign policy, in particular in relations with former Soviet republics. Any study of Russian foreign policy comes back to the intriguing question of why Russia, long perceived as an inveterate imperial power, would refuse to take back a handsome portion of its former empire - a portion that offers a bridge to Europe and an advantageous geostrategic position. Despite formal declarations, Russia has made little progress in achieving union with its ex-Soviet neighbour, Belarus. Linking Russia's foreign policy to its domestic politics, Alex Danilovich clarifies this paradox and explains why specific attempts to reunify Russia and Belarus failed, contrary to the desires of significant forces on both sides and to certain theory-based expectations.

Postkapitalismus

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

  • Author: Paul Mason
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 351874478X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 500
  • View: 3815
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Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

Einführung in die Statistik

Einführung in die Statistik

  • Author: Ben Jann
  • Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
  • ISBN: 3486710923
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 210
  • View: 5297
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Einführendes Statistik-Lehrbuch für Studierende an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen.

Political Science

Political Science

The State of the Discipline

  • Author: Ira Katznelson,Helen V. Milner
  • Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780393051421
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 994
  • View: 4832
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W. W. Norton & Company and the American Political Science Association are pleased to announce the publication of the Centennial Edition of Political Science: State of the Discipline.

Der Kalte Krieg

Der Kalte Krieg

eine neue Geschichte

  • Author: John Lewis Gaddis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783570550571
  • Category:
  • Page: 384
  • View: 4597
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Europe United

Europe United

Power Politics and the Making of the European Community

  • Author: Sebastian Rosato
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801461460
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 7647
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The construction of the European Community (EC) has widely been understood as the product of either economic self-interest or dissatisfaction with the nation-state system. In Europe United, Sebastian Rosato challenges these conventional explanations, arguing that the Community came into being because of balance of power concerns. France and the Federal Republic of Germany-the two key protagonists in the story-established the EC at the height of the cold war as a means to balance against the Soviet Union and one another. More generally, Rosato argues that international institutions, whether military or economic, largely reflect the balance of power. In his view, states establish institutions in order to maintain or increase their share of world power, and the shape of those institutions reflects the wishes of their most powerful members. Rosato applies this balance of power theory of cooperation to several other cooperative ventures since 1789, including various alliances and trade pacts, the unifications of Italy and Germany, and the founding of the United States. Rosato concludes by arguing that the demise of the Soviet Union has deprived the EC of its fundamental purpose. As a result, further moves toward political and military integration are improbable, and the economic community is likely to unravel to the point where it becomes a shadow of its former self.

The Domestic Sources of China's Foreign Policy

The Domestic Sources of China's Foreign Policy

Regimes, Leadership, Priorities and Process

  • Author: Lai Hongyi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135167877
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 3706
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As China’s political and economic influence in the world is rapidly increasing, it is essential to understand how China’s domestic politics affects its foreign political and economic policy. This book offers an accessible, informative and up-to-date systemic analysis of the foreign policy of China. Where mainstream literature on international relations usually suggests that China’s foreign policy is primarily determined by external factors, such as the international system and external settings, this book demonstrates instead that domestic factors profoundly shape China’s foreign policy from the late Mao’s era to the reform era. It demonstrates how China’s foreign policy is driven by the preservation of political and economic regimes; the political survival of the top leader; the top leader’s vision for, and skills in, managing external affairs; the leader’s policy priorities; dramatic events and the process of policymaking. It presents its argument in-depth analysis of major cases of Chinese foreign policy – for example, China’s difficult relations with Southeast Asia; China’s 15-year accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO); China’s oil diplomacy in the recent decade, and the diversified process of foreign policy making in the twenty-first century.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

  • Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 310402247X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 608
  • View: 4155
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Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

When Multilateralism hits Brussels

  • Author: O. Costa,K. Jørgensen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230369898
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 261
  • View: 4847
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An exploration of how the EU is influenced by multilateral institutions. There has recently been a dramatic increase in interaction between the EU and multilateral institutions. This book shows that international institutions shape EU policies, as well as acting as a source of preferences and strategies for EU stances internationally.

The System Worked

The System Worked

How the World Stopped Another Great Depression

  • Author: Daniel W. Drezner
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199912122
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 5780
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International institutions, from the International Monetary Fund to the International Olympic Committee, are perceived as bastions of sclerotic mediocrity at best and outright corruption at worst, and this perception is generally not far off the mark. In the wake of the 2008 financial crash, Daniel W. Drezner, like so many others, looked at the smoking ruins of the global economy and wondered why global economic governance structure had failed so spectacularly, and what could be done to reform them in the future. But then a funny thing happened. As he surveyed their actions in the wake of the crash, he realized that the evidence pointed to the exact opposite conclusion: global economic governance had succeeded. In The System Worked, Drezner, a renowned political scientist and international relations expert, contends that despite the massive scale and reverberations of this latest crisis (larger, arguably, than those that precipitated the Great Depression), the global economy has bounced back remarkably well. Examining the major resuscitation efforts by the G-20 IMF, WTO, and other institutions, he shows that, thanks to the efforts of central bankers and other policymakers, the international response was sufficiently coordinated to prevent the crisis from becoming a full-fledged depression. Yet the narrative about the failure of multilateral economic institutions persists, both because the Great Recession affected powerful nations whose governments managed their own economies poorly, and because the most influential policy analysts who write the books and articles on the crisis hail from those nations. Nevertheless, Drezner argues, while it's true that the global economy is still fragile, these institutions survived the "stress test" of the financial crisis, and may have even become more resilient and valuable in the process. Bucking the conventional wisdom about the new "G-Zero World," Drezner rehabilitates the image of the much-maligned international institutions and demolishes some of the most dangerous myths about the financial crisis. The System Worked is a vital contribution to our understanding of an area where the stakes could not be higher.

From common market to European Union building

From common market to European Union building

  • Author: Michael Gehler
  • Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
  • ISBN: 9783205777441
  • Category: Europe
  • Page: 772
  • View: 4638
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The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

  • Author: Shane Martin,Thomas Saalfeld,Kaare W. Strøm
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191019070
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 800
  • View: 1724
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Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Democracy Declassified

Democracy Declassified

The Secrecy Dilemma in National Security

  • Author: Michael P. Colaresi
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199389799
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9896
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Recent scandals like WikiLeaks and Edward Snowden's disclosure of NSA documents have brought public debates over government accountability and secrecy bubbling to the surface. How can modern democracies balance the need for privacy in delicate foreign policy matters with the necessity of openness in gaining and maintaining the trust of citizens? Democracies keep secrets from potential enemies and their citizens. This simple fact challenges the surprisingly prevalent assumption that foreign policy successes and failures can be attributed to public transparency and accountability. In fact, the ability to keep secrets has aided democratic victories from the European and Pacific theatres in World War II to the global competition of the Cold War. At the same time, executive discretion over the capacity to classify information created the opportunity for abuse that contributed to Watergate, as well as domestic spying and repression in France, Norway and Canada over the past forty years. Therefore, democracies face a secrecy dilemma. Secrecy is useful, but once a group or person has the ability to decide what information is concealed from a rival, citizens can no longer monitor that information. How then can the public be assured that national security policies are not promoting hidden corruption or incompetence? As Democracy Declassified shows, it is indeed possible for democracies to keep secrets while also maintaining useful national security oversight institutions that can deter abuse and reassure the public. Understanding secrecy and oversight in democracies helps us explain not only why the Maginot Line rose and the French Republic fell, or how the US stumbled but eventually won the Cold War, but more generally how democracies can benefit from both public consent and necessary national security secrets. At a time when ubiquitous debates over the issue of institutional accountability and transparency have reached a fever pitch, Democracy Declassified provides a grounded and important view on the connection between the role of secrecy in democratic governance and foreign policy-making.

Global Migration

Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

  • Author: K. Khory
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137007125
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4302
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Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.

French and US Approaches to Foreign Policy

French and US Approaches to Foreign Policy

  • Author: A. Alarcón
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137400781
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 126
  • View: 4451
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Based on document analysis, and on the evaluations, perceptions and judgments of people involved in framing, making, and applying foreign policy in both countries as foreign affairs officials, law makers, or think tanks' associates, this book presents the differing worldviews and concepts for establishing an international order. It is argued that the differences between U.S. and French approaches to foreign policies and international affairs are historically entrenched in political cultures, and could transcend other elements such as economic interests, or the political inclinations of the individuals or parties who control their governments. Many of the findings could be applied to the differences and similarities between the U.S. and other European countries.

Obama at the Crossroads

Obama at the Crossroads

Politics, Markets, and the Battle for America's Future

  • Author: Lawrence R. Jacobs,Desmond King
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199942781
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 6481
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The 2010 election serves as a bookend to one of the remarkable political periods in recent U.S. history. Amidst a profound economic crisis, Americans elected an African American to the presidency and massive Democratic majorities to Congress. Beginning in 2009, the President and Congress put forward a sweeping agenda to both address the economic crisis and enact progressive policies that liberals had been advocating for decades. Within a year and a half, they would pass health care reform and financial reform alongside a stimulus package of nearly a trillion dollars. Democrats also rescued the auto industry via a partial government takeover and expanded the Bush administration's incipient program for saving the banking sector by pouring hundreds of billions of dollars into it. Finally, the Obama administration dramatically increased our commitment in Afghanistan while simultaneously winding down our presence in Iraq. In Obama at the Crossroads, eminent political scientists Desmond King and Larry Jacobs have gathered some of the best scholars in American politics to take stock of this extraordinary period. Covering the financial crisis, health care reform, racial politics, foreign policy, the nature of Obama's leadership, and the relationship between the administration's agenda and broader progressive goals, this will serve as a comprehensive overview of the key issues facing the Obama administration as it entered office.

North Korea under Kim Jong Il

North Korea under Kim Jong Il

From Consolidation to Systemic Dissonance

  • Author: Sung Chull Kim
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791480933
  • Category: History
  • Page: 292
  • View: 4803
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Examines internal changes in North Korea under the expanding rule of Kim Jong Il.