Search Results for "international-justice-in-rwanda-and-the-balkans-virtual-trials-and-the-struggle-for-state-cooperation"

International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans

International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans

Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation

  • Author: Victor Peskin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139468170
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9131
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Today's international war crimes tribunals lack police powers, and therefore must prod and persuade defiant states to co-operate in the arrest and prosecution of their own political and military leaders. Victor Peskin's comparative study traces the development of the capacity to build the political authority necessary to exact compliance from states implicated in war crimes and genocide in the cases of the International War Crimes Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. Drawing on 300 in-depth interviews with tribunal officials, Balkan and Rwandan politicians, and Western diplomats, Peskin uncovers the politicized, protracted, and largely behind-the-scenes tribunal-state struggle over co-operation.

Crimes of War

Crimes of War

What the Public Should Know

  • Author: Roy Gutman,David Rieff,Anthony Gary Dworkin
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393328462
  • Category: History
  • Page: 447
  • View: 9786
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An A-to-Z guidebook of wartime atrocities details the nature of war crimes and the international laws that define them, and contains entries on recent conflicts and miscellaneous subjects related to terrorism and war.

The Hidden Hands of Justice

The Hidden Hands of Justice

NGOs, Human Rights, and International Courts

  • Author: Heidi Nichols Haddad
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108470920
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 225
  • View: 398
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As the first comprehensive analysis of NGO participation at international criminal and human rights courts, this book will interest a global and wide range of students, scholars, and NGOs in the fields of human rights, public international law, politics and international relations, and law and society.

Hiding in Plain Sight

Hiding in Plain Sight

The Pursuit of War Criminals from Nuremberg to the War on Terror

  • Author: Eric Stover,Victor Peskin,Alexa Koenig
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520962761
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 6991
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Hiding in Plain Sight tells the story of the global effort to apprehend the world’s most wanted fugitives. Beginning with the flight of tens of thousands of Nazi war criminals and their collaborators after World War II, then moving on to the question of justice following the recent Balkan wars and the Rwandan genocide, and ending with the establishment of the International Criminal Court and America’s pursuit of suspected terrorists in the aftermath of 9/11, the book explores the range of diplomatic and military strategies—both successful and unsuccessful—that states and international courts have adopted to pursue and capture war crimes suspects. It is a story fraught with broken promises, backroom politics, ethical dilemmas, and daring escapades—all in the name of international justice and human rights. Hiding in Plain Sight is a companion book to the public television documentary Dead Reckoning: Postwar Justice from World War II to The War on Terror. For more information about the documentary, visit www.saybrookproductions.com. For information about the Human Rights Center, visit hrc.berkeley.edu.

The Realities of International Criminal Justice

The Realities of International Criminal Justice

  • Author: Dawn L. Rothe,James D. Meernik,Thordis Ingadóttir
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9004251111
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 364
  • View: 4277
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The Realities of the International Criminal Justice System takes an analytical and critical look at the impact of the major instruments of international criminal justice since the 1990s with the advent of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia.

International Prosecutors

International Prosecutors

  • Author: Luc Reydams,Jan Wouters,Cedric Ryngaert
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199554293
  • Category: History
  • Page: 968
  • View: 5304
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The prosecution plays a crucial part in any international war crimes trial, but its role is rarely analysed. This book will assess the work of the prosecutor in a dozen international criminal courts and tribunals, setting out the applicable rules and analysing his or her independence, accountability, and political impact.

Hybrid Forms of Peace

Hybrid Forms of Peace

From Everyday Agency to Post-Liberalism

  • Author: Oliver P. Richmond,Audra Mitchell
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230354238
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 311
  • View: 2396
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This book examines the role of everyday action in accepting, resisting and reshaping interventions, and the unique forms of peace that emerge from the interactions between local and international actors. Building on critiques of liberal peace-building, it redefines critical peace and conflict studies, based on new research from 16 countries.

An Introduction to International Criminal Law and Procedure

An Introduction to International Criminal Law and Procedure

  • Author: Robert Cryer,Håkan Friman,Darryl Robinson,Elizabeth Wilmshurst
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139993348
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4610
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By offering both a comprehensive update and new material reflecting the continuing development of the subject, this continues to be the leading textbook on international criminal law. Its experienced author team draws on its combined expertise as teachers, scholars and practitioners to offer an authoritative survey of the field. The third edition contains new material on the theory of international criminal law, the practice of international criminal tribunals, the developing case law on principles of liability and procedures and new practice on immunities. It offers valuable supporting online materials such as case studies, worked examples and study guides. Retaining its comprehensive coverage, clarity and critical analysis, it remains essential reading for all in the field.

Conflict Management in Divided Societies

Conflict Management in Divided Societies

Theories and Practice

  • Author: Stefan Wolff,Christalla Yakinthou
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136630732
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2298
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This exciting and innovative new textbook takes a multi-perspective approach to the study of conflict management in divided societies. Offering a wide range of perspectives from the leading experts in the field, the work explains conflict management from the viewpoint of the political scientist, the constitutional architect, the activist, and the NGO. It examines the philosophies underpinning constitutional design, the actors and processes involved, and the practicalities of the settlement process, combining conceptual and theoretical contributions with empirical case studies. In so doing, it provides a comprehensive global introduction to the study of conflict management in divided societies. Features & benefits of the textbook: Clearly explains the theories underpinning constitutional design including power sharing/liberal consociationalism, centripetalism, power dividing, and territorial solutions Surveys the key actors and processes involved in designing and implementing peace including the evolution of diplomacy in peace-making, and separate chapters about crafting solutions for divided societies from the perspectives of NGOs, the UN, EU and AU Explores the realities on the ground with chapters written by activists and practitioners which draw on their experience of working in conflict zones Written in a clear and engaging style, this work is essential reading for all students of conflict resolution.

After Anarchy

After Anarchy

Legitimacy and Power in the United Nations Security Council

  • Author: Ian Hurd
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400827744
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6232
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The politics of legitimacy is central to international relations. When states perceive an international organization as legitimate, they defer to it, associate themselves with it, and invoke its symbols. Examining the United Nations Security Council, Ian Hurd demonstrates how legitimacy is created, used, and contested in international relations. The Council's authority depends on its legitimacy, and therefore its legitimation and delegitimation are of the highest importance to states. Through an examination of the politics of the Security Council, including the Iraq invasion and the negotiating history of the United Nations Charter, Hurd shows that when states use the Council's legitimacy for their own purposes, they reaffirm its stature and find themselves contributing to its authority. Case studies of the Libyan sanctions, peacekeeping efforts, and the symbolic politics of the Council demonstrate how the legitimacy of the Council shapes world politics and how legitimated authority can be transferred from states to international organizations. With authority shared between states and other institutions, the interstate system is not a realm of anarchy. Sovereignty is distributed among institutions that have power because they are perceived as legitimate. This book's innovative approach to international organizations and international relations theory lends new insight into interactions between sovereign states and the United Nations, and between legitimacy and the exercise of power in international relations.

Building the International Criminal Court

Building the International Criminal Court

  • Author: Benjamin N. Schiff
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139470191
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8471
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The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first and only standing international court capable of prosecuting humanity's worst crimes: genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. It faces huge obstacles. It has no police force; it pursues investigations in areas of tremendous turmoil, conflict, and death; it is charged both with trying suspects and with aiding their victims; and it seeks to combine divergent legal traditions in an entirely new international legal mechanism. International law advocates sought to establish a standing international criminal court for more than 150 years. Other, temporary, single-purpose criminal tribunals, truth commissions, and special courts have come and gone, but the ICC is the only permanent inheritor of the Nuremberg legacy. In Building the International Criminal Court, Oberlin College Professor of Politics Ben Schiff analyzes the International Criminal Court, melding historical perspective, international relations theories, and observers' insights to explain the Court's origins, creation, innovations, dynamics, and operational challenges.

SEER South-east Europe Review for Labour and Social Affairs

SEER South-east Europe Review for Labour and Social Affairs

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Labor unions
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 858
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EU Conditionality in the Western Balkans

EU Conditionality in the Western Balkans

  • Author: Florian Bieber
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 8600
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This volume examines how European institutions, the European Union in particular through its policy of conditionality, have shaped the post-conflict reconstruction of the Western Balkans. From state-building to democratization and environmental policies, this book explores whether and in what ways the EU has been successful in consolidating states and democracy in the Balkans. In addition to requiring countries to be ready to join the European Union, the EU has also set new conditions in an effort to become the prime international organization involved in stabilizing the Western Balkans after the wars of the 1990s. Its record has been mixed: the conditions of the EU have often been haphazard and were frequently not followed through. In addition, enlargement towards the Western Balkans has been slow and marred by open questions over the stability of some countries in the region. This volume assesses the EU's struggle to transform the societies through conditionality and whether the offer of EU membership is enough to build stable democracies. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

The Effectiveness of International Criminal Justice

The Effectiveness of International Criminal Justice

  • Author: Cedric Ryngaert
  • Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 278
  • View: 5844
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"This volume is an offshoot of the research activities of working group II ('international criminal tribunals') of the European Science Foundation's COST A28 Action on Human Rights, Peace and Security in EU Foreign Policy"--P. v.

Sapiens

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: Harper Collins
  • ISBN: 0062316109
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 7017
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New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

Choice

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Academic libraries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6609
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Humanitarian Military Intervention

Humanitarian Military Intervention

The Conditions for Success and Failure

  • Author: Taylor B. Seybolt
  • Publisher: SIPRI Publication
  • ISBN: 9780199252435
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 8943
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Military intervention in a conflict without a reasonable prospect of success is unjustifiable, especially when it is done in the name of humanity. Couched in the debate on the responsibility to protect civilians from violence and drawing on traditional 'just war' principles, the central premise of this book is that humanitarian military intervention can be justified as a policy option only if decision makers can be reasonably sure that intervention will do more good than harm. This book asks, 'Have past humanitarian military interventions been successful?' It defines success as saving lives and sets out a methodology for estimating the number of lives saved by a particular military intervention. Analysis of 17 military operations in six conflict areas that were the defining cases of the 1990s-northern Iraq after the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor-shows that the majority were successful by this measure. In every conflict studied, however, some military interventions succeeded while others failed, raising the question, 'Why have some past interventions been more successful than others?' This book argues that the central factors determining whether a humanitarian intervention succeeds are the objectives of the intervention and the military strategy employed by the intervening states. Four types of humanitarian military intervention are offered: helping to deliver emergency aid, protecting aid operations, saving the victims of violence and defeating the perpetrators of violence. The focus on strategy within these four types allows an exploration of the political and military dimensions of humanitarian intervention and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types. Humanitarian military intervention is controversial. Scepticism is always in order about the need to use military force because the consequences can be so dire. Yet it has become equally controversial not to intervene when a governmentsubjects its citizens to massive violation of their basic human rights. This book recognizes the limits of humanitarian intervention but does not shy away from suggesting how military force can save lives in extreme circumstances.

Me Against My Brother

Me Against My Brother

At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda

  • Author: Scott Peterson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135955514
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 8135
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As a foreign correspondent, Scott Peterson witnessed firsthand Somalia's descent into war and its battle against US troops, the spiritual degeneration of Sudan's Holy War, and one of the most horrific events of the last half century: the genocide in Rwanda. In Me Against My Brother, he brings these events together for the first time to record a collapse that has had an impact far beyond African borders.In Somalia, Peterson tells of harrowing experiences of clan conflict, guns and starvation. He met with warlords, observed death intimately and nearly lost his own life to a Somali mob. From ground level, he documents how the US-UN relief mission devolved into all out war - one that for America has proven to be the most formative post-Cold War debacle. In Sudan, he journeys where few correspondents have ever been, on both sides of that religious front line, to find that outside "relief" has only prolonged war. In Rwanda, his first-person experience of the genocide and well-documented analysis provide rare insight into this human tragedy.Filled with the dust, sweat and powerful detail of real-life, Me Against My Brother graphically illustrates how preventive action and a better understanding of Africa - especially by the US - could have averted much suffering. Also includes a 16-page color insert.

The Development of Institutions of Human Rights

The Development of Institutions of Human Rights

A Comparative Study

  • Author: Lilian A. Barria,Steven D. Roper
  • Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3785
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During the transition to democracy, states have used various mechanisms to address previous human rights abuses including domestic trials, truth and reconciliation commissions and internationalized tribunals. This volume analyzes the transitional justice choices made by four countries: Argentina, Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH), Sierra Leone and East Timor. For each country, there is a chapter which provides a historical overview concerning the causes of the conflict and two subsequent chapters which highlight a different method of transitional justice implemented. The volume highlights the opportunities and the constraints faced by states and the international community to provide accountability for human rights violations.

Court of remorse

Court of remorse

inside the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

  • Author: Thierry Cruvellier,Chari Voss
  • Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Pr
  • ISBN: 9780299236748
  • Category: History
  • Page: 188
  • View: 7005
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When genocidal violence gripped Rwanda in 1994, the international community recoiled, hastily withdrawing its peacekeepers. Late that year, in an effort to redeem itself, the United Nations Security Council created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to seek accountability for some of the worst atrocities since World War II: the genocide suffered by the Tutsi and crimes against humanity suffered by the Hutu. But faced with competing claims, the prosecution focused exclusively on the crimes of Hutu extremists. No charges would be brought against the Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front, which ultimately won control of the country. The UN, as if racked by guilt for its past inaction, gave in to pressure by Rwanda's new leadership. With the Hutu effectively silenced, and the RPF constantly reminding the international community of its failure to protect the Tutsi during the war, the Tribunal pursued an unusual form of one-sided justice, born out of contrition. Fascinated by the Tribunal's rich complexities, journalist Thierry Cruvellier came back day after day to watch the proceedings, spending more time there than any other outside observer. Gradually he gained the confidence of the victims, defendants, lawyers, and judges. Drawing on interviews with these protagonists and his close observations of their interactions, Cruvellier takes readers inside the courtroom to witness the motivations, mechanisms, and manipulations of justice as it unfolded on the stage of high-stakes, global politics. It is this ground-level view that makes his account so valuable—and so absorbing. A must-read for those who want to understand the dynamics of international criminal tribunals, Court of Remorse reveals both the possibilities and the challenges of prosecuting human rights violations. Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the American Association for School Libraries Best Books for High Schools, selected by the American Association for School Libraries Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the Public Library Association