Search Results for "international-law-in-a-multipolar-world"

International Law in a Multipolar World

International Law in a Multipolar World

  • Author: Matthew Happold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136631585
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 352
  • View: 670
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"Since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, international law has sought to configure itself as a universal system. And yet, despite the best efforts of international institutions, scholars and others to assert the universal application of international law, its relevance and applicability has been influenced, if not directed, by political power. Over the past decade, discourse has tended to focus on the implications for international law of a unipolar world, characterised by US hegemony. However, that the international system may now be experiencing a tendency towards multipolarity, with various sites of power able to exert a telling influence on international relations and international law. Recent events such as Russia's excursion into Georgia, the breakdown of the Doha round of trade negotiations, the USA's questionable actions in the War on Terror, the prominence of emerging nuclear powers, China's assertions of its own interests on a global scale, and the rise of regional trading blocs, all pose significant questions for international law and the international legal order. International Law in a Multipolar World features contributions from a range of contributors including Nigel White, Michael Schmitt, Richard Burchill, Alexander Orakhelashvili and Christian Pippan, addressing some of the questions that multipolarity poses for the international legal system. The contributions to the volume explore issues including the use of force, governance, sovereign equality, regionalism and the relevance of the United Nations in a multipolar world, considering the overarching theme of the relationship between power and law"--

Global Energy Governance in a Multipolar World

Global Energy Governance in a Multipolar World

  • Author: Thijs Van de Graaf,Dr Kirsten Westphal,Prof Dr Dries Lesage
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409499642
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 3473
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Multipolar governance permits a number of important states to have significantly more economic and political clout than others, but among them there is hardly any hierarchy. The new energy challenge, with its intricate socio-economic, ecological and international-political considerations, is a multi-dimensional, multi-level and multi-actor issue that requires a minimum of 'central' political steering, because neither the invisible hand of the market, nor unilateral or bilateral power politics are capable to bring about sustainable solutions. Global Energy Governance in a Multipolar World investigates the relationship between the emergence of a multipolar world order and the enormous challenges of global energy governance that the world is facing in the 21st century. It reflects on fundamental questions such as how the main consuming countries can avoid conflict over scarce resources, how they will cooperate to bring about open energy markets, energy conservation and efficiency, and how they can promote renewable energy sources.

Saudi Arabia in a Multipolar World

Saudi Arabia in a Multipolar World

Changing dynamics

  • Author: Zakir Hussain
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317247582
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 282
  • View: 2121
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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has established itself as the twelfth-largest economy in the world, the largest West Asian economic power, world’s largest oil producer, and a strong and capable force in international politics, particularly in the Sunni Islamic world. However, at present it is at crossroads. Should it continue as a ‘kingdom’ or usher in the process of inclusive political representation? This volume answers such questions and explores how the state is coping with domestic, regional and global developments to remain relevant in the changing times. It provides a holistic overview of a slew of economic, political, cultural, military and security policy measures that have been initiated by the government. The work also offers a detailed analysis of Saudi Arabia’s relations with three significant powers — USA, China and India — and how they are evolving under new geopolitical and geostrategic dynamics. This book will interest strategists, policymakers, researchers and students of international relations, geopolitics, political science and political economy as well as the informed reader.

Multipolarity in the 21st Century

Multipolarity in the 21st Century

A New World Order

  • Author: Donette Murray,David Brown
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136461078
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7855
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This book seeks to help shape the debate surrounding power and polarity in the twenty-first century, both by assessing the likelihood of US decline and by analysing what each of the so-called 'rising powers' can do. As the twenty-first century moves out of its first decade, American supremacy continues to generate intense debate about the nature, quality and sustainability of US power. At the same time, significant developments in four rising powers - China, Russia, India and the European Union – have provoked analysts to ask whether multipolarity is a realistic prospect. Multipolarity in the 21st Century assesses the likelihood of a multipolar world developing, either by a marked US decline and or by the ability of these putative ‘rivals’ to continue to rise to the level necessary to be credibly considered a superpower. Written by a combination of emerging scholars and recognised experts, this volume will provide a timely and authoritative analysis of one of the most controversial and compelling security debates of the twenty-first century. This book will be of much interest to students of Security Studies, Foreign Policy and International Relations in general.

The Rise of the BRICS in the Global Political Economy

The Rise of the BRICS in the Global Political Economy

Changing Paradigms?

  • Author: Vai Io Lo,Mary Hiscock
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782545476
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 352
  • View: 557
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Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Vai Io Lo and Mary Hiscock, together with scholars and researchers from around the world, investigate the rise of the BRICS and assess the extent of their further development and influence from the perspectives of

A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law

A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law

Questioning Prevalent Cognitive Frameworks in the Emerging Multi-Polar and Multi-Civilizational World of the Twenty-First Century

  • Author: Onuma Yasuaki
  • Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • ISBN: 9004186891
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 492
  • View: 424
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The twenty-first century will witness conflicts which may destabilize the international order. These conflicts are likely to arise between emerging Asian States such as China and India whose material power is growing, and the Western nations who wield significant ideational power. A West-centric international society will change to a multi-polar and multi-civilizational global society. This structural change includes, and further needs, changes of understandings and perceptions of the world, including of international law. The perspectives from which we see, understand, appreciate and assess international law must change. We need to interpret international law not only from a prevalent Statecentric international perspective and West-centric transnational perspective. Onuma argues that we must grasp international law from what he calls a trans-civilizational perspective as well. By adopting such three-layered perspectives, international law is shown to be functioning as a tool of politics yet constrained by cultural and civilizational factors. Such complex subjects as global history of international law, concepts of general and customary international law, and human rights could be appreciated in a more nuanced and subtle manner.

India-China Relations

India-China Relations

Politics of Resources, Identity and Authority in a Multipolar World Order

  • Author: Jagannath P. Panda
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317563816
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 268
  • View: 3264
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The rise of India and China as two major economic and political actors in both regional and global politics necessitates an analysis of not only their bilateral ties but also the significance of their regional and global pursuits. This book looks at the nuances and politics that the two countries attach to multilateral institutions and examines how they receive, react to and approach each other’s presence and upsurge. The driving theme of this book is to highlight the enduring and emerging complexities in India-China relations, which are multi-layered and polygonal in nature, and both a result and reflection of a multipolar world order. The book argues that coexistence between India and China in this multipolar world order is possible, but that it is limited to a medium-term perspective, given the constraints of identity complexities and global aspirations these two rising powers are pursuing. It goes on to discuss how their search for energy resources, quest to uphold their own identity as developing powers, and engagement in balance-of-power politics to exert authority on each other’s presence, are some elements that guide their non-cooperative relationship. By explaining the foreign policy approaches of Asia’s two major powers towards the growing Asian and global multilateralism, and highlighting the policies they carry towards each other, the book is a useful contribution to students and scholars of Asian Politics, Foreign Policy and International Relations.

African Dynamics in a Multipolar World

African Dynamics in a Multipolar World

  • Author: Ulf Engel,Manuel João Ramos
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004256504
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 3583
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This volume offers paths for African Studies researchers to understand and explain the various dimensions of African dynamics in a growingly multipolar world.

Contextualising International Law in Northeast Asia

Contextualising International Law in Northeast Asia

  • Author: Asif H Qureshi
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 150991532X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 216
  • View: 6395
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Northeast Asia is one of the most important regions of the world both economically and in terms of its historical heritage. The region poses significant challenges for international law whilst international law can unleash cooperative endeavours which can place the region in a formidable location in the new multi-polar world order. This work sets out a contextual regional approach to international law focusing on the relations as between China, South Korea and Japan. In particular the author deliberates on the historical development of international law in the region, the relationship of international law with the Chinese, Korean and Japanese legal systems; historical disputes as between the three States; and the respective practices in the sphere of monetary and trade relations. This work will be of interest to international law scholars, practitioners and policy makers.

Is International Law International?

Is International Law International?

  • Author: Anthea Roberts
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190696419
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3549
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This book takes the reader on a sweeping tour of the international legal field to reveal some of the patterns of difference, dominance, and disruption that belie international law's claim to universality. Pulling back the curtain on the "divisible college of international lawyers," Anthea Roberts shows how international lawyers in different states, regions, and geopolitical groupings are often subject to distinct incoming influences and outgoing spheres of influence in ways that reflect and reinforce differences in how they understand and approach international law. These divisions manifest themselves in contemporary controversies, such as debates about Crimea and the South China Sea. Not all approaches to international law are created equal, however. Using case studies and visual representations, the author demonstrates how actors and materials from some states and groups have come to dominate certain transnational flows and forums in ways that make them disproportionately influential in constructing the "international." This point holds true for Western actors, materials, and approaches in general, and for Anglo-American (and sometimes French) ones in particular. However, these patterns are set for disruption. As the world moves past an era of Western dominance and toward greater multipolarity, it is imperative for international lawyers to understand the perspectives and approaches of those coming from diverse backgrounds. By taking readers on a comparative tour of different international law academies and textbooks, the author encourages them to see the world through the eyes of others -- an essential skill in this fast changing world of shifting power dynamics and rising nationalism.

Power Relations in the Twenty-First Century

Power Relations in the Twenty-First Century

Mapping a Multipolar World?

  • Author: Donette Murray,David Brown
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131791306X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 4267
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This volume critiques contemporary power trends by examining key bilateral dynamics between five putative ‘poles’ of the multipolar order in the twenty-first century. Written by emerging scholars and established academics, this work provides a timely and authoritative analysis of one of the most controversial and compelling security debates of the twenty-first century. Adopting a detailed case study approach, the volume examines contemporary great power relations between the US, China, Russia, India and the EU. Each chapter explores the essential nature and characteristics of individual inter-state relationships in order to explicate and appraise the empirical evidence for a putative multipolar order. The volume aims to deepen understanding of power trends and critically assess the individual inter-dynamics at play. In doing so, it critiques the various models offered, such as the hub and spoke model (with the US remaining as the primary actor) and Zakaria’s ‘networked’ model, as part of a purported ‘post-American world’. The work places each of the individual relationships into a wider strategic and political context, in relation to the continued international turbulence and change that has seemed even more prominent in recent times, taking into account the twin challenges of Brexit and the presidency of Donald Trump. It concludes by returning the focus to the central questions of if, how and when a post-American, multipolar world could develop. This volume will be of much interest to students of global security, foreign policy, and IR in general.

Comparative Law in a Global Context

Comparative Law in a Global Context

The Legal Systems of Asia and Africa

  • Author: Werner F. Menski
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139452711
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6087
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Now in its second edition, this textbook presents a critical rethinking of the study of comparative law and legal theory in a globalising world, and proposes an alternative model. It highlights the inadequacies of current Western theoretical approaches in comparative law, international law, legal theory and jurisprudence, especially for studying Asian and African laws, arguing that they are too parochial and eurocentric to meet global challenges. Menski argues for combining modern natural law theories with positivist and socio-legal traditions, building an interactive, triangular concept of legal pluralism. Advocated as the fourth major approach to legal theory, this model is applied in analysing the historical and conceptual development of Hindu law, Muslim law, African laws and Chinese law.

The Liberal Order and Its Contestations

The Liberal Order and Its Contestations

Great Powers and Regions Transiting in a Multipolar Era

  • Author: Riccardo Alcaro
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781138617711
  • Category:
  • Page: 174
  • View: 1596
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The notion that we are experiencing a change in times, whereby an old global order is giving way to a new one, has been gaining legitimacy in international debates. As US power is waning, the argument goes, so is the set of liberal norms, rules and institutions around which the Unites States organised its global supremacy. Ideational contests, power shifts, regional fragmentation, and socio-economic turmoil paint a broad picture of complex and often inter-related challenges that fuel contestation of the liberal order, both as a normative project and as an emanation of US power. Major players - China and India, Europe and Russia, and the United States itself - are all engaged in a process of global repositioning, most notably in areas where the liberal project has only fragile roots and order is contested: Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, the Asia-Pacific and the Middle East. This volume aims to provide critical frames of reference for understanding whether geopolitical and ideational contestations will eventually bring the US-centred liberal order down or lead to a process of adjustment and transformation. The chapters in this book were originally published in a special issue in The International Spectator.

Sovereignty, Statehood and State Responsibility

Sovereignty, Statehood and State Responsibility

  • Author: Christine Chinkin,Freya Baetens
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107044251
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 528
  • View: 2229
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A timely, thought-provoking and innovative reappraisal of the core actors on the international stage: states.

International Law in a Transcivilizational World

International Law in a Transcivilizational World

  • Author: Onuma Yasuaki
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107024730
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 762
  • View: 6323
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This book adopts a 'trans-civilizational' perspective on the history and development of current West-centric international law.

The Law of the Future and the Future of Law

The Law of the Future and the Future of Law

  • Author: Stavros Zouridis,Morly Frishman,Laura Kistemaker
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9788293081272
  • Category: Globalization
  • Page: 744
  • View: 3713
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Dawn of a New Order

Dawn of a New Order

Geopolitics and the Clash of Ideologies

  • Author: Rein Mullerson
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 1786722259
  • Category: History
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2643
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The most significant development in global politics following the end of the bi-polar Cold War era has been the rise of a multi-polar state system. This has led to the emergence of major potential super-powers, global rivalry, international terrorism and the gradual weakening of the one remaining hegemonic, uni-polar state after the Cold War – the US. The idealistic hopes following the collapse of communism have evaporated and Cold War competition between liberal capitalism and communism has been replaced by multi-polar global rivalry that can only be resolved by a balance of power buttressed by international law. In this ambitious and thought-provoking book, Professor Rein Müllerson outlines the challenges associated with the new geopolitics of the twenty-first century. Based on in-depth research over several decades it is an essential tool for understanding the new world order and the ensuing crises in global politics.

African Engagements

African Engagements

Africa Negotiating an Emerging Multipolar World

  • Author: Ton Dietz,Kjell Havnevik,Mayke Kaag
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004209883
  • Category: History
  • Page: 389
  • View: 9303
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By taking the emerging multipolarity at the global level as its focus, by highlighting African agency in co-shaping this new world order, and by adopting a historically sensitive approach, this collection aims to analyse African engagements and asks on whose terms these engagements are being built.

Demilitarization and International Law in Context

Demilitarization and International Law in Context

The Åland Islands

  • Author: Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark,Saila Heinikoski,Pirjo Kleemola-Juntunen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351605526
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 130
  • View: 634
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The demilitarisation and neutralisation of the Åland Islands is a confirmation of, and an exception to, the collective security system in present-day international affairs. Its core idea is that there is no need for military presence in the territory of the islands and that they are to be kept out of military activities. A restricted use of military force has a confidence building effect in cases where competing interests may be so intense that banning the very presence of military force remains the only viable option. The regime of the Åland Islands is the result of pragmatic and contingent political compromises. As such, the case of the Åland Islands offers an alternative trajectory to the increased militarisation we witness around the world today. Through parliamentary and archival materials, international treaties and academic works, the authors examine the legal rules and institutional structures of the demilitarisation regime. In this process they reassess core concepts of international law and international affairs, such as sovereignty and security, and introduce a theoretical view on the empirical case study of the Åland Islands. The book covers legal, political and policy discursive aspects of demilitarisation, international co-operation, defence and security matters around the Baltic Sea with a broader European and global relevance. It can be a source of inspiration for all those in search of constructive efforts that can address territorial disputes and security challenges.

A New Foreign Policy

A New Foreign Policy

Beyond American Exceptionalism

  • Author: Jeffrey D. Sachs
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231547889
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 253
  • View: 8994
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The American Century began in 1941 and ended on January 20, 2017. While the United States remains a military giant and is still an economic powerhouse, it no longer dominates the world economy or geopolitics as it once did. The current turn toward nationalism and “America first” unilateralism in foreign policy will not make America great. Instead, it represents the abdication of our responsibilities in the face of severe environmental threats, political upheaval, mass migration, and other global challenges. In this incisive and forceful book, Jeffrey D. Sachs provides the blueprint for a new foreign policy that embraces global cooperation, international law, and aspirations for worldwide prosperity—not nationalism and gauzy dreams of past glory. He argues that America’s approach to the world must shift from military might and wars of choice to a commitment to shared objectives of sustainable development. Our pursuit of primacy has embroiled us in unwise and unwinnable wars, and it is time to shift from making war to making peace and time to embrace the opportunities that international cooperation offers. A New Foreign Policy explores both the danger of the “America first” mindset and the possibilities for a new way forward, proposing timely and achievable plans to foster global economic growth, reconfigure the United Nations for the twenty-first century, and build a multipolar world that is prosperous, peaceful, fair, and resilient.