Search Results for "international-relations-in-a-constructed-world"

International Relations in a Constructed World

International Relations in a Constructed World

  • Author: Vendulka Kubalkova
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317467426
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 232
  • View: 4932
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Explores the application of constructivist theory to international relations. The text examines the relevance of constructivism for empirical research, focusing on some of the key issues of contemporary international politics: ethnic and national identity; gender; and political economy.

Language, Agency, and Politics in a Constructed World

Language, Agency, and Politics in a Constructed World

  • Author: Francois Debrix
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317466497
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3603
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Language matters in international relations. Constructivists have contributed the insight that global politics is shaped by the way agents narrate history and produce discourses about themselves and about the world. This insight has induced a profound reexamination of assumptions in the study of international relations. The contributors to this volume examine (Part I) the critical linguistic/discursive techniques of postmodernists and constructivists, and apply them (Part II) to international relations.

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

  • Author: V. Kubálková
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765607874
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 302
  • View: 9411
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This volume applies states' actions in the world to the study of foreign policy. Part I introduces constructivism for foreign policy studies. Part II presents case studies of it's application and Part III reviews the results.

Commonsense Constructivism, Or, The Making of World Affairs

Commonsense Constructivism, Or, The Making of World Affairs

  • Author: Ralph Pettman
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765605788
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 8132
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This engaging book presents an intriguing new approach to understanding world affairs. "Constructivism" first found its way to IR -- the field of international relations -- in an exceptionally demanding form. This book is quite the opposite. In a highly readable and witty way, Commonsense Constructivism, or the Making of World Affairs, makes clear how everything around us (IR included) is constructed. In the process, it also shows how narrow the standard IR approaches are, and how much we miss as a consequence. Ralph Pettman's conceptual framework of state-making, wealth-making, self-making, and mind-making allows us to see such notions as "globalization" in a revealing new light. This work is intended to be fully accessible to students, but it will be welcomed by anyone who has been mystified by constructivism -- or who simply wants to better understand the ways we understand our world. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: Commonsense Constructivism 1. Making World Affairs I. THE NEGLECTED ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 2. Making Modernity 3. Making Sovereign Selves, Social Collectives, and Nations II. THE DOMINANT ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 4. Making States and Making Markets CONCLUSION: A Constructed World

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

  • Author: Audie Klotz,Cecelia M. Lynch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317459261
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 5430
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Constructivism's basic premise - that individuals and groups are shaped by their world but can also change it - may seem intuitively true. Yet this process-oriented approach can be more difficult to apply than structural or rational choice frameworks. Based on their own experiences and exemplars from the IR literature, well-known authors Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch lay out concepts and tools for anyone seeking to apply the constructivist approach in research. Written in jargon-free prose and relevant across the social sciences, this book is essential for anyone trying to sort out appropriate methods for empirical research.

Constructing International Relations: The Next Generation

Constructing International Relations: The Next Generation

The Next Generation

  • Author: Karin M. Fierke,Knud Erik Jorgensen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317473876
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 5998
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The constructivist approach is the most important new school in the field of postcold war international relations. Constructivists assume that interstate and interorganizational relations are always at some level linguistic contexts. Thus they bridge IR theory and social theory. This book explores the constructivist approach in IR as it has been developing in the larger context of social science worldwide, with younger IR scholars building anew on the tradition of Wittgenstein, Habermas, Luhman. Foucault, and others. The contributors include Friedrich Kratochwil, Harald Muller, Matthias Albert, Jennifer Milliken, Birgit Locher-Dodge and Elisabeth Prugl, Ben Rosamond, Nicholas Onuf, Audie Klotz, Lars Lose, and the editors.

Constructivism and Comparative Politics

Constructivism and Comparative Politics

  • Author: Daniel M. Green
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765608611
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 278
  • View: 2551
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This book presents a new approach to the study of comparative politics that builds on the assumption that political actors and institutions operate within constructed communities of meaning, which in turn interface with other such communities. Accordingly, a comparative study of polities or the relations between polities (foreign policies, international relations) must incorporate a recognition of actors' identies, cultures, and worldviews, and the role of norms, rules, and ideas. The essays in the first part of the book explore the theoretical bases of this approach. The second part presents four case studies--of modern states and indigenous peoples in the Americas; democratic development in Benin, West Africa; culture industries and identity in Canada, France, and the EU; and the reconstruction of postwar Germany.

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Nicholas Onuf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219463
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2897
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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.

Religion and the Realist Tradition

Religion and the Realist Tradition

From Political Theology to International Relations Theory and Back

  • Author: Jodok Troy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136030085
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 190
  • View: 9454
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This volume picks up a rather uninvested field of international relations theory: the influence of religion on Realism as well as the power of Realism to address religious issues in world politics. Although classical scholars of Realism rarely mention religion explicitly in their well-known work, this volume suggests that Realism offers serious ground for taking religion and faith into account as well as evaluating the impact of religion on its theoretical framework: how religion and religious worldviews influence and affect the theoretical framework of Realism, and how Realism approach religious issues in international relations as a relatively new field of international studies. Although international relations scholars now widely deal with issues of religion, large portions of the theoretical underpinning are missing. In addressing this lack, the volume illustrates the possibility of reform and change in Realism. Furthermore, the chapters reach out to normative statements. The contributors offer a theoretical view on religion in international relations in the context of Realism but always connect this with actual, real-world related political problems. The volume takes into account not only classical thinkers and approaches of Realism but also present-day authors dealing with ethical and normative questions of international relations in the aftermath of 9/11. Offering a fresh perspective on the influence of religion on international relations theory, this work will be of great interest to scholars of religion and international relations, international relations theory, and political philosophy

Interpretation in International Law

Interpretation in International Law

  • Author: Andrea Bianchi,Daniel Peat,Matthew Windsor
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191038709
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 380
  • View: 8750
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International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.

Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations

Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations

  • Author: Martin Griffiths,Steven C. Roach,M. Scott Solomon
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135972737
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 2878
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Now in its second edition, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations has been thoroughly updated with several new entries and a new preface to reflect the latest developments. There are new sections on Constructivism, International Political Theory, and English School, as well as a range of new thinkers. They include: Samuel Huntington Christine Sylvester Jürgen Habermas John Rawls Barry Buzan Fully cross-referenced throughout, this book has everything for students of politics and international relations or indeed anyone who wants to gain an understanding of how nations can work together successfully.

Reframing the International

Reframing the International

Law, Culture, Politics

  • Author: Richard A. Falk,Lester Edwin J. Ruiz,R. B. J. Walker
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415931762
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 258
  • View: 2488
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Re-Framing the International insists that, if we are to properly face the challenges of the coming century, we need to re-examine international politics and development through the prism of ethics and morality. International relations must now contend with a widening circle of participants reflecting the diversity and unevenness of status, memory, gender, race, culture and class. This volume challenge North America's privileged position in world politics, suggest initiatives for improving the quality of human existence in tangible ways, and critique the conventional wisdom on how we think we can create peace and justice. It shows that, when we develop projects for world reform, we must remember that the most basic prevailing assumptions of modern law, politics, and culture are by no means as obvious, natural, or progressive as we formerly thought.

European Approaches to International Relations Theory

European Approaches to International Relations Theory

A House with Many Mansions

  • Author: Jörg Friedrichs
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113431972X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2716
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A well-established community of American scholars has long dominated the discipline of international relations. Recently, however, certain strands of continental theorizing are being introduced into the mainstream. This is a critical examination of European approaches to international relations theory, suggesting practical ways of challenging manistream thought. Freidrichs presents a detailed sociological analysis of knowledge production in existing European IR communities, namely France, Italy and Scandinavia. He also discusses a selection of European schools and approaches.

Renegade Regimes

Renegade Regimes

Confronting Deviant Behavior in World Politics

  • Author: Miroslav Nincic
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231510292
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 6740
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Rogue states pursue weapons of mass destruction, support terrorism, violate human rights, engage in acts of territorial aggression, and pose a threat to the international community. Recent debates and policy shifts regarding Iraq, North Korea, Syria, Iran, and Afghanistan reflect the uneven attempts to contend with regimes that pursue deviant behavior. In this timely new work, Miroslav Nincic illuminates the complex issues and policy choices surrounding clashes between international society and states that challenge the majority's espoused interests and values. As conventional approaches to international relations lose their relevance in a changing world, Nincic's work provides new and necessary frameworks and perspectives. Nincic explores recent events and develops theoretical models of contemporary asymmetrical power relations among states to offer a systematic account of the genesis, trajectory, and motivations of renegade regimes. He discusses how the pursuit of policies that defy international norms is often motivated by a regime's desire for greater domestic control. From this starting point, Nincic considers states' deviant behavior through two stages: the first is the initial decision to defy key aspects of the international normative order, and the second is the manner in which subsequent behavior is shaped by the international community's responses. In addressing attempts to control pariah states, Nincic assesses the effectiveness of sanctions and military responses. He provocatively argues that comprehensive economic sanctions can lead to a restructuring of the renegade regime's ideology and economy that ultimately strengthens its grip on power. In his chapter on military intervention, Nincic argues that force or the threat of force against a rogue state frequently triggers a protective reflex among its citizens, inspiring them to rally around the government's goals and values. Military threats, Nincic concludes, produce several kinds of consequences and their impact needs to be better understood.

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization

  • Author: Mahmood Monshipouri
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765611376
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 353
  • View: 1179
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Both human rights and globalization are powerful ideas and processes, capable of transforming the world in profound ways. Notwithstanding their universal claims, however, the processes are constructed, and they draw their power from the specific cultural and political contexts in which they are constructed. Far from bringing about a harmonious cosmopolitan order, they have stimulated conflict and opposition. In the context of globalization, as the idea of human rights has become universal, its meaning has become one more terrain of struggle among groups with their own interests and goals. Part I of this volume looks at political and cultural struggles to control the human rights regime -- that is, the power to construct the universal claims that will prevail in a territory -- with respect to property, the state, the environment, and women. Part II examines the dynamics and counterdynamics of transnational networks in their interactions with local actors in Iran, China, and Hong Kong. Part III looks at the prospects for fruitful human rights dialogue between "competing universalisms" that by definition are intolerant of contradiction and averse to compromise. Selected Contents: Introduction: Observing Human Rights in the Age of GlobalizationPart I. The Struggle to Control the Human Rights RegimePart II. The Dynamics and Counterdynamics of GlobalizationPart III. Setting the Terms of Debate: Pursuing Global Consensus

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics

2-volume set

  • Author: Mary Hawkesworth,Maurice Kogan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136913394
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1408
  • View: 6165
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This is a brand-new edition of the critically acclaimed Encyclopedia of Government and Politics which has been fully revised and updated to provide a systematic account of politics and political studies at the beginning of the new millennium. Providing a penetrating analysis of government and politics at a global, regional and nation-state level, the Encyclopedia assesses both traditional and contemporary approaches, and projects the paths of future research. The articles provide a degree of critical analysis far beyond a simple descriptive outline of the subject. Internationally respected contributors have been carefully selected to present contending approaches to related topics, both to clarify the political implications of the various methodologies and to enrich the portrayal of political life. With its expanded, revised and updated coverage, Encyclopedia of Government and Politics is more than ever an indispensable tool for students, teachers, professional analysts and policy-makers.

Gender Matters in Global Politics

Gender Matters in Global Politics

A Feminist Introduction to International Relations

  • Author: Laura J. Shepherd
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135264961
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 1417
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Gender Matters in Global Politics is a comprehensive textbook for advanced undergraduates studying feminism & international relations, gender and global politics and similar courses. It provides students with an accessible but in-depth account of the most significant theories, methodologies, debates and issues. This textbook is written by an international line-up of established and emerging scholars from a range of theoretical perspectives, providing students with provocative and cutting-edge insights into the study and practices of (how) gender matters in global politics. Key features and benefits of the book: Introduces students to the wide variety of feminist and gender theory and explains the relevance to contemporary global politics. Explains the insights of feminist theory for a range of other disciplines including international relations, international political economy and security studies. Addresses a large number of key contemporary issues such as human rights, trafficking, rape as a tool of war, peacekeeping and state-building, terrorism and environmental politics. Features extensive pedagogy to facilitate learning – seminar exercises, text boxes, photographs, suggestions for further reading, web resources and a glossary of key terms. In this innovative and groundbreaking textbook gender is represented as a noun, a verb and a logic, allowing both students and lecturers to develop a sophisticated understanding of the crucial role that gender plays in the theories, policies and practices of global politics.

Cultures of Order

Cultures of Order

Leadership, Language, and Social Reconstruction in Germany and Japan

  • Author: Katja Weber,Paul A. Kowert
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 079147948X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 217
  • View: 2407
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Examines postwar debates within Germany and Japan over how to promote domestic and regional order.

Constructivism in International Relations

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

  • Author: Maja Zehfuss
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521894661
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 289
  • View: 2664
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Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Human Rights in International Relations

Human Rights in International Relations

  • Author: David P. Forsythe
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139451030
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9226
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This new edition of David Forsythe's successful textbook provides an authoritative overview of the place of human rights in international politics in an age of terrorism. The book focuses on four central themes: the resilience of human rights norms, the importance of 'soft' law, the key role of non-governmental organizations, and the changing nature of state sovereignty. Human rights standards are examined according to global, regional, and national levels of analysis with a separate chapter dedicated to transnational corporations. This second edition has been updated to reflect recent events, notably the creation of the ICC and events in Iraq and Guantanamo Bay, and new sections have been added on subjects such as the correlation between world conditions and the fate of universal human rights. Containing chapter-by-chapter guides to further reading and discussion questions, this book will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students of human rights, and their teachers. David Forsythe received the Distinguished Scholar Award for 2007 from the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association.