Search Results for "international-relations-in-a-constructed-world"

International Relations in a Constructed World

International Relations in a Constructed World

  • Author: Vendulka Kubalkova
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317467418
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 232
  • View: 6119
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Explores the application of constructivist theory to international relations. The text examines the relevance of constructivism for empirical research, focusing on some of the key issues of contemporary international politics: ethnic and national identity; gender; and political economy.

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

  • Author: V. Kubálková
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765607874
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 302
  • View: 9811
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This volume applies states' actions in the world to the study of foreign policy. Part I introduces constructivism for foreign policy studies. Part II presents case studies of it's application and Part III reviews the results.

Language, Agency, and Politics in a Constructed World

Language, Agency, and Politics in a Constructed World

  • Author: Francois Debrix
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317466489
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8583
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Language matters in international relations. Constructivists have contributed the insight that global politics is shaped by the way agents narrate history and produce discourses about themselves and about the world. This insight has induced a profound reexamination of assumptions in the study of international relations. The contributors to this volume examine (Part I) the critical linguistic/discursive techniques of postmodernists and constructivists, and apply them (Part II) to international relations.

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization

  • Author: Mahmood Monshipouri
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765611376
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 353
  • View: 9730
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Both human rights and globalization are powerful ideas and processes, capable of transforming the world in profound ways. Notwithstanding their universal claims, however, the processes are constructed, and they draw their power from the specific cultural and political contexts in which they are constructed. Far from bringing about a harmonious cosmopolitan order, they have stimulated conflict and opposition. In the context of globalization, as the idea of human rights has become universal, its meaning has become one more terrain of struggle among groups with their own interests and goals. Part I of this volume looks at political and cultural struggles to control the human rights regime -- that is, the power to construct the universal claims that will prevail in a territory -- with respect to property, the state, the environment, and women. Part II examines the dynamics and counterdynamics of transnational networks in their interactions with local actors in Iran, China, and Hong Kong. Part III looks at the prospects for fruitful human rights dialogue between "competing universalisms" that by definition are intolerant of contradiction and averse to compromise. Selected Contents: Introduction: Observing Human Rights in the Age of GlobalizationPart I. The Struggle to Control the Human Rights RegimePart II. The Dynamics and Counterdynamics of GlobalizationPart III. Setting the Terms of Debate: Pursuing Global Consensus

Commonsense Constructivism, Or, The Making of World Affairs

Commonsense Constructivism, Or, The Making of World Affairs

  • Author: Ralph Pettman
  • Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
  • ISBN: 9780765605788
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 2246
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This engaging book presents an intriguing new approach to understanding world affairs. "Constructivism" first found its way to IR -- the field of international relations -- in an exceptionally demanding form. This book is quite the opposite. In a highly readable and witty way, Commonsense Constructivism, or the Making of World Affairs, makes clear how everything around us (IR included) is constructed. In the process, it also shows how narrow the standard IR approaches are, and how much we miss as a consequence. Ralph Pettman's conceptual framework of state-making, wealth-making, self-making, and mind-making allows us to see such notions as "globalization" in a revealing new light. This work is intended to be fully accessible to students, but it will be welcomed by anyone who has been mystified by constructivism -- or who simply wants to better understand the ways we understand our world. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: Commonsense Constructivism 1. Making World Affairs I. THE NEGLECTED ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 2. Making Modernity 3. Making Sovereign Selves, Social Collectives, and Nations II. THE DOMINANT ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 4. Making States and Making Markets CONCLUSION: A Constructed World

Constructing International Relations: The Next Generation

Constructing International Relations: The Next Generation

The Next Generation

  • Author: Karin M. Fierke,Knud Erik Jorgensen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317473876
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 1397
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The constructivist approach is the most important new school in the field of postcold war international relations. Constructivists assume that interstate and interorganizational relations are always at some level linguistic contexts. Thus they bridge IR theory and social theory. This book explores the constructivist approach in IR as it has been developing in the larger context of social science worldwide, with younger IR scholars building anew on the tradition of Wittgenstein, Habermas, Luhman. Foucault, and others. The contributors include Friedrich Kratochwil, Harald Muller, Matthias Albert, Jennifer Milliken, Birgit Locher-Dodge and Elisabeth Prugl, Ben Rosamond, Nicholas Onuf, Audie Klotz, Lars Lose, and the editors.

The Politics of Secularism in International Relations

The Politics of Secularism in International Relations

  • Author: Elizabeth Shakman Hurd
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400828012
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 1428
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Conflicts involving religion have returned to the forefront of international relations. And yet political scientists and policymakers have continued to assume that religion has long been privatized in the West. This secularist assumption ignores the contestation surrounding the category of the "secular" in international politics. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations shows why this thinking is flawed, and provides a powerful alternative. Elizabeth Shakman Hurd argues that secularist divisions between religion and politics are not fixed, as commonly assumed, but socially and historically constructed. Examining the philosophical and historical legacy of the secularist traditions that shape European and American approaches to global politics, she shows why this matters for contemporary international relations, and in particular for two critical relationships: the United States and Iran, and the European Union and Turkey. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations develops a new approach to religion and international relations that challenges realist, liberal, and constructivist assumptions that religion has been excluded from politics in the West. The first book to consider secularism as a form of political authority in its own right, it describes two forms of secularism and their far-reaching global consequences.

World of Our Making

World of Our Making

Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Nicholas Greenwood Onuf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0415630398
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 340
  • View: 3661
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World of our Making is a major contribution to contemporary social science. Now reissued in this volume, Onuf’s seminal text is key reading for anyone who wishes to study modern international relations. Onuf understands all of international relations to be a matter of rules and rule in foreign behaviour. The author draws together the rules of international relations, explains their source, and elaborates on their implications through a vast array of interdisciplinary thinkers such as Kenneth Arrow, J.L. Austin, Max Black, Michael Foucault, Anthony Giddens, Jurgen Habermas, Lawrence Kohlberg, Harold Lasswell, Talcott Parsons, Jean Piaget, J.G.A. Pocock, John Roemer, John Scarle and Sheldon Wolin.

Contemporary International Politics

Contemporary International Politics

  • Author: Robert D. Cantor
  • Publisher: West Group
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 7022
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Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

  • Author: Audie Klotz,Cecelia M. Lynch
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317459261
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 5481
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Constructivism's basic premise - that individuals and groups are shaped by their world but can also change it - may seem intuitively true. Yet this process-oriented approach can be more difficult to apply than structural or rational choice frameworks. Based on their own experiences and exemplars from the IR literature, well-known authors Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch lay out concepts and tools for anyone seeking to apply the constructivist approach in research. Written in jargon-free prose and relevant across the social sciences, this book is essential for anyone trying to sort out appropriate methods for empirical research.

A Constructed Peace

A Constructed Peace

The Making of the European Settlement, 1945-1963

  • Author: Marc Trachtenberg
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691002736
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 424
  • View: 4092
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People still think of the Cold War as a simple two-sided conflict, a kind of gigantic arm wrestle on a global scale," writes Marc Trachtenberg, "but this view fails to grasp the essence of what was really going on." America and Russia were both willing to live with the status quo in Europe. What then could have generated the kind of conflict that might have led to a nuclear holocaust? This is the great puzzle of the Cold War, and in this book, the product of nearly twenty years of work, Trachtenberg tries to solve it. The answer, he says, has to do with the German question, especially with the German nuclear question. These issues lay at the heart of the Cold War, and a relatively stable peace took shape only when they were resolved. The book develops this argument by telling a story--a complex story involving many issues of detail, but focusing always on the central question of how a stable international system came into being during the Cold War period. A Constructed Peace will be of interest not just to students of the Cold War, but to people concerned with the problem of war and peace, and in particular with the question of how a stable international order can be constructed, even in our own day.

Harry Potter and International Relations

Harry Potter and International Relations

  • Author: Daniel H. Nexon,Iver B. Neumann, Montague Burton Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics and author of Russia and the Idea of Europe.
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 1461637236
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 985
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Why not take seriously the claim that Harry Potter's world intertwines with our own? In this timely yet otherworldly volume, more than a dozen scholars of international relations join hands to demonstrate how this well-loved artifact of popular culture reflects and shapes our own lifeworld. A wide range of historical and sociological sources shows how Harry's world contains aspects of our own. Practices such as quidditch dovetail quite clearly with 'muggle' sports, and the very British-ness of the books has, in translation into languages such as Turkish and Arabic, been transformed to reflect these unique cultures. Chapters on the political economy of the franchise as well as the scholarly problems of studying popular culture frame what is essentially a highly info-taining read.

Social Construction of International Politics

Social Construction of International Politics

Identities & Foreign Policies, Moscow, 1955 and 1999

  • Author: Ted Hopf
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801487910
  • Category: History
  • Page: 299
  • View: 5000
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In this deeply researched book Ted Hopf challenges contemporary theorizing about international relations. He advances what he believes is a commonsensical notion: a state's domestic identity has an enormous effect on its international policies. Hopf argues that foreign policy elites are inextricably bound to their own societies; in order to understand other states, they must first understand themselves. To comprehend Russian and Soviet foreign policy, "it is just as important to read what is being consumed on the Moscow subway as it is to conduct research in the Foreign Ministry archives," the author says.Hopf recreates the major currents in Russian/Soviet identity, reconstructing the "identity topographies" of two profoundly important years, 1955 and 1999. To provide insights about how Russians made sense of themselves in the post-Stalinist and late Yeltsin periods, he not only uses daily newspapers and official discourse, but also delves into works intended for mass consumption—popular novels, film reviews, ethnographic journals, high school textbooks, and memoirs. He explains how the different identities expressed in these varied materials shaped the worldviews of Soviet and Russian decisionmakers. Hopf finds that continuous renegotiations and clashes among competing domestic visions of national identity had a profound effect on Soviet and Russian foreign policy. Broadly speaking, Hopf shows that all international politics begins at home.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

  • Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 0472117998
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 277
  • View: 978
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Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

After Victory

After Victory

Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars, New Edition - New Edition

  • Author: G. John Ikenberry
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140088084X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 8553
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The end of the Cold War was a "big bang" reminiscent of earlier moments after major wars, such as the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the end of the world wars in 1919 and 1945. But what do states that win wars do with their newfound power, and how do they use it to build order? In After Victory, John Ikenberry examines postwar settlements in modern history, arguing that powerful countries do seek to build stable and cooperative relations, but the type of order that emerges hinges on their ability to make commitments and restrain power. He explains that only with the spread of democracy in the twentieth century and the innovative use of international institutions—both linked to the emergence of the United States as a world power—has order been created that goes beyond balance of power politics to exhibit "constitutional" characteristics. Blending comparative politics with international relations, and history with theory, After Victory will be of interest to anyone concerned with the organization of world order, the role of institutions in world politics, and the lessons of past postwar settlements for today.

Religion and the Realist Tradition

Religion and the Realist Tradition

From Political Theology to International Relations Theory and Back

  • Author: Jodok Troy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136030085
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 190
  • View: 4486
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This volume picks up a rather uninvested field of international relations theory: the influence of religion on Realism as well as the power of Realism to address religious issues in world politics. Although classical scholars of Realism rarely mention religion explicitly in their well-known work, this volume suggests that Realism offers serious ground for taking religion and faith into account as well as evaluating the impact of religion on its theoretical framework: how religion and religious worldviews influence and affect the theoretical framework of Realism, and how Realism approach religious issues in international relations as a relatively new field of international studies. Although international relations scholars now widely deal with issues of religion, large portions of the theoretical underpinning are missing. In addressing this lack, the volume illustrates the possibility of reform and change in Realism. Furthermore, the chapters reach out to normative statements. The contributors offer a theoretical view on religion in international relations in the context of Realism but always connect this with actual, real-world related political problems. The volume takes into account not only classical thinkers and approaches of Realism but also present-day authors dealing with ethical and normative questions of international relations in the aftermath of 9/11. Offering a fresh perspective on the influence of religion on international relations theory, this work will be of great interest to scholars of religion and international relations, international relations theory, and political philosophy

Groupthink or Deadlock

Groupthink or Deadlock

When Do Leaders Learn from Their Advisors?

  • Author: Paul Kowert
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791489205
  • Category: History
  • Page: 275
  • View: 4927
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Argues that too much advice can lead to policy deadlock depending on leadership style.

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations

Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for the Study of World Politics

  • Author: Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317551753
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 663
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The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations first edition was winner of the ISA-Northeast’s Yale H. Ferguson Award, and the ISA Theory Section’s Best Book of the Year award. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the variety of ways that IR scholars establish the authority and validity of their empirical claims. Jackson connects philosophical considerations with concrete issues of research design within neopositivist, critical realist, analyticist, and reflexive approaches to the study of world politics. Envisioning a pluralist science for a global IR field, this volume organizes the significant differences between methodological stances so as to promote internal consistency, public discussion, and worldly insight as the hallmarks of any scientific study of world politics. In this second edition, Jackson has centralised the philosophical history of the ‘science question’ into a single chapter, providing a clearer picture of the connections between contemporary concerns about the status of knowledge and classic philosophical debates about the relationship between human beings and the world they inhabit. The central chapters feature more detailed and pedagogically useful illustrations of the methodological positions discussed, making the book even better suited to clarify the philosophical distinctions with respect to which a scientific researcher must locate herself. The second edition will continue to be essential reading for all students and scholars of International Relations, Political Science and Philosophy of Science.

Activists beyond Borders

Activists beyond Borders

Advocacy Networks in International Politics

  • Author: Margaret E. Keck,Kathryn Sikkink
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801471281
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 5614
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In Activists beyond Borders, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink examine a type of pressure group that has been largely ignored by political analysts: networks of activists that coalesce and operate across national frontiers. Their targets may be international organizations or the policies of particular states. Historical examples of such transborder alliances include anti-slavery and woman suffrage campaigns. In the past two decades, transnational activism has had a significant impact in human rights, especially in Latin America, and advocacy networks have strongly influenced environmental politics as well. The authors also examine the emergence of an international campaign around violence against women.

Medieval Foundations of International Relations

Medieval Foundations of International Relations

  • Author: William Bain
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317635493
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 210
  • View: 6199
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The purpose of this volume is to explore the medieval inheritance of modern international relations. Recent years have seen a flourishing of work on the history of international political thought, but the bulk of this has focused on the early modern and modern periods, leaving continuities with the medieval world largely ignored. The medieval is often used as a synonym for the barbaric and obsolete, yet this picture does not match that found in relevant work in the history of political thought. The book thus offers a chance to correct this misconception of the evolution of Western international thought, highlighting that the history of international thought should be regarded as an important dimension of thinking about the international and one that should not be consigned to history departments. Questions addressed include: what is the medieval influence on modern conception of rights, law, and community? how have medieval ideas shaped modern conceptions of self-determination, consent, and legitimacy? are there ‘medieval’ answers to ‘modern’ questions? is the modern world still working its way through the Middle Ages? to what extent is the ‘modern outlook’ genuinely secular? is there a ‘theology’ of international relations? what are the implications of continuity for predominant historical narrative of the emergence and expansion of international society? Medieval and modern are certainly different; however, this collection of essays proceeds from the conviction that the modern world was not built on a new plot with new building materials. Instead, it was constructed out of the rubble, that is, the raw materials, of the Middle Ages.This will be of great interest to students and scholars of IR, IR theory and political theory. .