Search Results for "interpretive-quantification"

Interpretive Quantification

Interpretive Quantification

Methodological Explorations for Critical and Constructivist IR

  • Author: J. S Barkin,Laura Sjoberg
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 0472053396
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 277
  • View: 9602
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Revolutionary volume demonstrates how crossing the positivist and post-positivist divide improves political science research

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers

Chapter 6. Reservoir Characterization

  • Author: Fred Aminzadeh,Shivaji N. Dasgupta
  • Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • ISBN: 0128076828
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 344
  • View: 6803
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Accurate reservoir characterization is a key step in developing, monitoring, and managing a reservoir and optimizing production. To achieve accuracy and to ensure that all the information available at any given time is incorporated in the reservoirmodel, reservoir characterizationmust be dynamic. To achieve this goal, however, one starts with a simple model of the reservoir at a given time point (a static model). As new petrophysical, seismic, and production data become available, the reservoir model is updated to account for the changes in the reservoir. The updated model would be a better representative of the current status of the reservoir. Both static reservoir properties, such as porosity, permeability, and facies type; and dynamic reservoir properties, such as pressure, fluid saturation, and temperature, needs to be updated as more field data become available. Characterizing a reservoir by updating of both static and dynamic reservoir properties during the life of the field is referred to as dynamic reservoir characterization. Dynamic reservoir characterization is discussed in , dealing with time lapse or 4D geophysical data and reservoir monitoring. This chapter, however, focuses on static reservoir characterization.

Just Responsibility

Just Responsibility

A Human Rights Theory of Global Justice

  • Author: Brooke A. Ackerly
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190662956
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8974
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It has been well-established that many of the injustices that people around the world experience every day, from food insecurity to unsafe labor conditions and natural disasters, are the result of wide-scale structural problems of politics and economics. These are not merely random personal problems or consequences of bad luck or bad planning. Confronted by this fact, it is natural to ask what should or can we do to mitigate everyday injustices? In one sense, we answer this question when we buy the local homeless street newspaper, decide where to buy our clothes, remember our reusable bags when we shop, donate to disaster relief, or send letters to corporations about labor rights. But given the global scale of injustices related to poverty, environmental change, gender, and labor, can these individual acts really impact the seemingly intractable global social, political, and economic structures that perpetuate and exacerbate them? Moreover, can we respond to injustices in the world in ways that do more than just address their consequences? In this book, Brooke A. Ackerly both answers the question of what should we do, and shows that it's the wrong question to ask. To ask the right question, we need to ground our normative theory of global justice in the lived experience of injustice. Using a feminist critical methodology, she argues that what to do about injustice is not just an ethical or moral question, but a political question about assuming responsibility for injustice, regardless of our causal responsibility and extent of our knowledge of the injustice. Furthermore, it is a matter that needs to be guided by principles of human rights. As she argues, while many understand human rights as political goals or entitlements, they can also guide political strategy. Her aims are twofold: to present a theory of what it means to take responsibility for injustice and for ensuring human rights, as well as to develop a guide for how to take responsibility in ways that support local and global movements for transformative politics. In order to illustrate her theory and guide for action, Ackerly draws on fieldwork on the Rana Plaza collapse in 2013, the food crisis of 2008, and strategies from 125 activist organizations working on women's and labor rights across 26 countries. Just Responsibility integrates these ways of taking political responsibility into a rich theory of political community, accountability, and leadership in which taking responsibility for injustice itself transforms the fabric of political life.

6th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

6th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

ICIE 2018

  • Author: Dr. Denise A. D. Bedford,Dr. Elias G. Carayannis
  • Publisher: Academic Conferences and publishing limited
  • ISBN: 1911218719
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8508
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These proceedings represent the work of researchers participating in the 6th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ICIE 2018) which is being co-hosted by Georgetown University and George Washington University and is being held at The University of the District of Columbia (UDC) on 5-6 March 2018.

The Seductions of Quantification

The Seductions of Quantification

Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, and Sex Trafficking

  • Author: Sally Engle Merry
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022626131X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 4773
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We live in a world where seemingly everything can be measured. We rely on indicators to translate social phenomena into simple, quantified terms, which in turn can be used to guide individuals, organizations, and governments in establishing policy. Yet counting things requires finding a way to make them comparable. And in the process of translating the confusion of social life into neat categories, we inevitably strip it of context and meaning—and risk hiding or distorting as much as we reveal. With The Seductions of Quantification, leading legal anthropologist Sally Engle Merry investigates the techniques by which information is gathered and analyzed in the production of global indicators on human rights, gender violence, and sex trafficking. Although such numbers convey an aura of objective truth and scientific validity, Merry argues persuasively that measurement systems constitute a form of power by incorporating theories about social change in their design but rarely explicitly acknowledging them. For instance, the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report, which ranks countries in terms of their compliance with antitrafficking activities, assumes that prosecuting traffickers as criminals is an effective corrective strategy—overlooking cultures where women and children are frequently sold by their own families. As Merry shows, indicators are indeed seductive in their promise of providing concrete knowledge about how the world works, but they are implemented most successfully when paired with context-rich qualitative accounts grounded in local knowledge.

Cancer Risk Assessment

Cancer Risk Assessment

Chemical Carcinogenesis, Hazard Evaluation, and Risk Quantification

  • Author: Ching-Hung Hsu,Todd Stedeford
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781118035122
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 824
  • View: 751
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With a weight-of-the-evidence approach, cancer risk assessment indentifies hazards, determines dose-response relationships, and assesses exposure to characterize the true risk. This book focuses on the quantitative methods for conducting chemical cancer risk assessments for solvents, metals, mixtures, and nanoparticles. It links these to the basic toxicology and biology of cancer, along with the impacts on regulatory guidelines and standards. By providing insightful perspective, Cancer Risk Assessment helps researchers develop a discriminate eye when it comes to interpreting data accurately and separating relevant information from erroneous.

Gender and Crisis in Global Politics

Gender and Crisis in Global Politics

  • Author: Laura Sjoberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134993390
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 132
  • View: 7907
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The global political arena is (again) in a time of crisis. Different sources pay attention to different crises: the Global Financial Crisis, the Debt Crisis, the Crisis of ISIL/Daesh in Iraq and Syria, the Crisis of Israel and Palestine, and the Iran Nuclear Crisis have gotten significant attention in media coverage of global politics. But those are not the only crises that scholars and practitioners discuss. Environmentalists warn of ecological crisis, health scholars warn of disease crises, cyber-security experts suggest a coming information crisis, and migration experts warn of population crises. Feminist work on global politics has addressed many of these crises - historical and contemporary - in crisis language and without it, as well as a number of the non-crises that looking for women and gender in the international arena draws into focus. That work, however, had generally not explicitly theorized the conceptualization of crisis, its gendered dimensions, and/or gender-based crises as such. Across this book, feminist conversations about crisis in global politics suggests that a single feminist approach to, definition of, or politics of crisis is impossible to find. That same variety of work, though, makes a strong case that paying attention to crises in the world and to the manufacture of crisis rhetoric alongside events in global politics is not only generally important but an important place for feminist scholarship, feminist political activism, and direct attention. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Feminist Journal of Politics.

Routledge Handbook of Gender and Security

Routledge Handbook of Gender and Security

  • Author: Caron E. Gentry,Laura J. Shepherd,Laura Sjoberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315525070
  • Category: History
  • Page: 422
  • View: 3906
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This handbook provides a comprehensive look at the study of gender and security in global politics. The volume is based on the core argument that gender is conceptually necessary to thinking about central questions of security; analytically important for thinking about cause and effect in security; and politically important for considering possibilities of making the world better in the future. Contributions to the volume look at various aspects of studying gender and security through diverse lenses that engage diverse feminisms, with diverse policy concerns, and working with diverse theoretical contributions from scholars of security more broadly. It is grouped into four thematic sections: Gendered approaches to security (including theoretical, conceptual, and methodological approaches); Gendered insecurities in global politics (including the ways insecurity in global politics is distributed and read on the basis of gender); Gendered practices of security (including how policy practice and theory work together, or do not); Gendered security institutions (across a wide variety of spaces and places in global politics). This handbook will be of great interest to students of gender studies, security studies and IR in general.

The history of art education

The history of art education

proceedings from the Penn State Conference

  • Author: Brent Wilson,Harlan Hoffa,Pennsylvania State University. School of Visual Arts,National Art Education Association
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 379
  • View: 4527
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Nuclear Cardiology: The Basics

Nuclear Cardiology: The Basics

How to Set Up and Maintain a Laboratory

  • Author: Frans J. Th. Wackers,Wendy Bruni,Barry Zaret
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1592594263
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 298
  • View: 3792
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In the United States the performance of nuclear cardiology studies continues to increase. As an example, in 1998, 4,160,739 myocardial perfusion imaging st- ies were done. In 2001 this number increased to 5,679,258. The nonhospital performance of perfusion imaging increased over the same time period from 1,188,731 to 1,789,207 studies (Arlington Medical Resources data). In 1999, there were approximately 1300 nonhospital sites with nuclear imaging capabi- ties, of which 600 were in physician’s offices. By 2001, there were approximately 1700 nonhospital sites, of which 780 were in physician’s offices (from IMV, LTD: http://www.imvlimited.com/mid/). The growth of nuclear cardiology as an expanded outpatient laboratory ent- prise is readily apparent. In the United States, as well as in other parts of the world, this growth has been linked to the recognition of the ability of cardiologists to perform these studies. The certification examination in nuclear cardiology is now well established in the United States. Accreditation of laboratories is also well established. Over the years, some of the most frequent questions asked by our former trainees relate to practical issues involved in the establishment of a nuclear cardiology laboratory. In view of the growth of the field, this is certainly not surprising.

Quantification in Natural Languages

Quantification in Natural Languages

  • Author: Elke Bach,E. Jelinek,Angelika Kratzer,Barbara B.H. Partee
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401728178
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 759
  • View: 3806
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This volume of papers grew out of a research project on "Cross-Linguistic Quantification" originated by Emmon Bach, Angelika Kratzer and Barbara Partee in 1987 at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and supported by National Science Foundation Grant BNS 871999. The publication also reflects directly or indirectly several other related activ ities. Bach, Kratzer, and Partee organized a two-evening symposium on cross-linguistic quantification at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America in New Orleans (held without financial support) in order to bring the project to the attention of the linguistic community and solicit ideas and feedback from colleagues who might share our concern for developing a broader typological basis for research in semantics and a better integration of descriptive and theoretical work in the area of quantification in particular. The same trio organized a six-week workshop and open lecture series and related one-day confer ence on the same topic at the 1989 LSA Linguistic Institute at the University of Arizona in Tucson, supported by a supplementary grant, NSF grant BNS-8811250, and Partee offered a seminar on the same topic as part of the Institute course offerings. Eloise Jelinek, who served as a consultant on the principal grant and was a participant in the LSA symposium and the Arizona workshops, joined the group of editors for this volume in 1989.

Discursive Democracy

Discursive Democracy

Politics, Policy, and Political Science

  • Author: John S. Dryzek
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521478274
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 2285
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In this book, John Dryzek criticizes the dominance of instrumental rationality and objectivism in political institutions and public policy and in the practice of political science. He argues that the reliance on these kinds of politics and to technocracies of expert cultures that are not only repressive, but surprisingly ill-equipped for dealing with complex social problems. Drawing on critical theory, he outlines an alternative program for the organization of political institutions advocating a form of communicatively rational democracy, which he terms discursive democracy, that stresses the importance of active citizenship and public discourse. He draws out the limitations of instrumental rationality and investigates how policy analysis and political science may be reformed to help constitute and comprehend democracy. Discursive Democracy examines how the political process can be made more vital and meaningful. At the same time it shows how such an invigorated process will serve as a more effective agent for social problem solving.

The Quantified Self

The Quantified Self

  • Author: Deborah Lupton
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1509500618
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 8250
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With the advent of digital devices and software, self-tracking practices have gained new adherents and have spread into a wide array of social domains. The Quantified Self movement has emerged to promote 'self-knowledge through numbers'. In this groundbreaking book Deborah Lupton critically analyses the social, cultural and political dimensions of contemporary self-tracking and identifies the concepts of selfhood and human embodiment and the value of the data that underpin them. The book incorporates discussion of the consolations and frustrations of self-tracking, as well as about the proliferating ways in which people's personal data are now used beyond their private rationales. Lupton outlines how the information that is generated through self-tracking is taken up and repurposed for commercial, governmental, managerial and research purposes. In the relationship between personal data practices and big data politics, the implications of self-tracking are becoming ever more crucial.

Inheriting Possibility

Inheriting Possibility

Social Reproduction and Quantification in Education

  • Author: Ezekiel Dixon-Román
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781517901264
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 238
  • View: 9997
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How has the dominant social scientific paradigm limited our understanding of the impact of inherited economic resources, social privilege, and sociocultural practices on multigenerational inequality? In what ways might multiple forces of social difference haunt quantitative measurements of ability such as the SAT? Building on new materialist philosophy, Inheriting Possibility rethinks methods of quantification and theories of social reproduction in education, demonstrating that test performance results and parenting practices convey the impact of materially and historically contingent patterns of differential possibility. Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román explores the dualism of nature and culture that has undergirded theories of inheritance, social reproduction, and human learning and development. Research and debate on the reproduction of power relations have rested on a premise that nature is made up of fixed universals on which the creative, intellective, and discursive play of culture are based. Drawing on recent work in the physical and biological sciences, Dixon-Román argues that nature is culture. He contends that by assuming a rigid nature/culture binary, we ultimately limit our understanding of how power relations are reproduced. Through innovative analyses of empirical data and cultural artifacts, Dixon-Román boldly reconsiders how we conceptualize the processes of inheritance and approach social inquiry in order to profoundly sharpen understanding and address the reproducing forces of inequality.

The Interpretive Tract

The Interpretive Tract

Working Papers in Syntax and Semantics

  • Author: Uli Sauerland,Orin Percus
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Grammar, Comparative and general
  • Page: 295
  • View: 6461
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Mixing Methods in Psychology

Mixing Methods in Psychology

The Integration of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Theory and Practice

  • Author: Zazie Todd,Brigitte Nerlich,Suzanne McKeown,David D. Clarke
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1134663846
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 264
  • View: 7157
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Can qualitative and quantitative methods be combined effectively in psychology? What are the practical and theoretical issues involved? Should different criteria be used to judge qualitative and quantitative research? The acceptance of qualitative research methods in psychology has lead to a split between qualitative and quantitative methods and has raised questions about how best to assess the validity of research practice. While the two approaches have traditionally been seen as competing paradigms, more recently, researchers have begun to argue that the divide is artificial. Mixing Methods in Psychology looks in detail at the problems involved in attempting to reconcile qualitative and quantitative methods both within and across subjects. All angles of the debate are discussed, covering areas as diverse as health, education, social, clinical and economic psychology. The contributors, who are some of the leading figures in the field, present theoretical and methodological guidance as well as practical examples of how quantitative and qualitative methods can be fruitfully combined. By aiming to bridge the gap between the two methods, this book reveals how each can inform the other to produce more accurate theories and models of human behaviour. This groundbreaking text will be essential reading for students and researchers wishing to combine methods, or for anyone who simply wants to get a better understanding of the debate.

Language Acquisition

Language Acquisition

The Age Factor

  • Author: Prof. David Singleton,Lisa Ryan
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 1847699294
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9482
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This book examines the evidence relative to the idea that there is an age factor in first and second language acquisition, evidence that has sources ranging from studies of feral children to evaluations of language programmes in primary schools. It goes on to explore the various explanations that have been advanced to account for such evidence. Finally, it looks at the educational ramifications of the age question, with particular regard to formal second language teaching in the early school years and in ‘third age’ contexts.

Feature system for quantification structures in natural language

Feature system for quantification structures in natural language

  • Author: Irena Bellert
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 175
  • View: 2711
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