Search Results for "italian-military-operations-abroad"

Italian Military Operations Abroad

Italian Military Operations Abroad

Just Don't Call it War

  • Author: Piero Ignazi,Giampiero Giacomello,Fabrizio Coticchia
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 0230228917
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 265
  • View: 8608
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Peace support operations have become one of the most important tools in the foreign policy of Western democracies. This volume is a study of the military operations of a medium-size democracy (in this case Italy) in the last twenty years. The volume examines Italy's military operations through analysis of parliamentary debates and interviews with leading policy-makers from the time of the various missions abroad. The book presents a profile of Italy's long-term foreign and defence policy by applying a constructivist approach. It analyses the political culture of the MPs and top decision-makers in foreign and defence policy and compares their cultural frameworks with conditions of actual military deployment in the field. It also includes a broad discussion of Italy's military doctrine since the end of the Cold War.

The Transformation of Italian Armed Forces in Comparative Perspective

The Transformation of Italian Armed Forces in Comparative Perspective

Adapt, Improvise, Overcome?

  • Author: Fabrizio Coticchia,Francesco N. Moro
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131701362X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 162
  • View: 979
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European armed forces have undergone deep changes in the past two decades. Given the breadth of the debate and the size of transformations that took place, it is somewhat surprising that relatively few academic studies have directly dealt with changes in force structure of European militaries, and the Italian armed forces in particular. The focus of this book is the organizational dimension of the restructuring of armed forces through 3 different lenses: doctrine and strategic framework, budget and resource allocation, and force structure and deployment. The key issues addressed relate to how these factors interact in shaping transformation. Of particular interest is the theme of learning, which is how armed forces endogenize change in the short and long run. This study provides valuable insights into the extent to which armed forces manage to adapt to the emerging strategic and operational challenges they have to face and to illustrate the weight of institutional legacies, resource constraints and inter-organizational learning in shaping transformation. Focusing on the Italian case in comparative perspective and based on a large variety of military operations from airstrikes to peacekeeping and counterinsurgency, the book provides an innovative viewpoint on military transformation and significantly contributes to our understanding of contemporary security that is deeply shaped by the lessons learnt in Afghanistan, Lebanon, Iraq and Libya.

Italian Army Elite Units & Special Forces 1940–43

Italian Army Elite Units & Special Forces 1940–43

  • Author: Pier Paolo Battistelli
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1849088950
  • Category: History
  • Page: 64
  • View: 4575
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Italian military historian Pier Paolo Battistelli examines the elite and specialforces units of the Italian Army during World War II. This includes a vast array of troop types, including paratroopers, assault engineers, sea-landing and swimmer units, long-range recce and ski units, and even hand-picked Fascist 'Mussolini' units. It also delves into the specialist tank and armoured units that were created to emulate the German armoured units. While the Italian units discussed enjoyed mixed success, the volume draws attention to the incredibly hard fighting done by some in the deserts of North Africa and the frozen wastelands of Russia. Illustrated with rare archival photographs and specially commissioned artwork, this is a fascinating insight into a little-studied aspect of Axis forces.

Military Cultures in Peace and Stability Operations

Military Cultures in Peace and Stability Operations

Afghanistan and Lebanon

  • Author: Chiara Ruffa
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812250184
  • Category: History
  • Page: 204
  • View: 2669
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Chiara Ruffa argues that civil-military relations and societal beliefs about the use of force shape the military culture of an army in its home country and has an impact on soldiers' behavior overseas and their ability to keep the peace.

Good Italy, Bad Italy

Good Italy, Bad Italy

Why Italy Must Conquer Its Demons to Face the Future

  • Author: Bill Emmott
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300199481
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3907
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Not long ago Italy was Europe's highly touted emerging economy, a society that blended dynamism and super-fast growth with a lifestyle that was the envy of all. Now it is viewed as a major threat to the future of the Euro, indeed to the European Union as a whole. Italy's political system is shorn of credibility as it struggles to deal with huge public debts and anemic levels of economic growth. Young people are emigrating in droves, frustrated at the lack of opportunity, while older people stubbornly cling to their rights and privileges, fearful of an uncertain future. In this lively, up-to-the-minute book, Bill Emmott explains how Italy sank to this low point, how Italians feel about it, and what can be done to return the country to more prosperous and more democratic times. With the aid of numerous personal interviews, Emmott analyzes "Bad Italy"—the land of disgraced Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, an inadequate justice system, an economy dominated by special interests and continuing corruption—against its contrasting foil "Good Italy," the home of enthusiastic entrepreneurs, truth-seeking journalists, and countless citizens determined to end mafia domination for good.

Domestic Deployment of the Armed Forces

Domestic Deployment of the Armed Forces

Military Powers, Law and Human Rights

  • Author: Michael Head,Scott Mann
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317148509
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 214
  • View: 2078
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Until recently, internal use of the armed forces has been generally regarded by the public, as well as academic commentators, as conduct to be expected of a military or autocratic regime, not a democratic government. There is however growing concern that the 'war on terror' has been used to condition public opinion to accept the internal deployment of the armed forces, including for broader industrial and political purposes. This book examines the national and international law, human rights and civil liberties issues involved in governments calling out troops to deal with civil unrest or terrorism. As the introduction of military call-out legislation has become an emerging global trend in the opening years of the 21st century, there is considerable and growing interest in the constitutional and related problems surrounding the deployment of military forces for domestic purposes. Examining the changes underway in six comparable countries, the United States, Canada, Britain, Germany, Japan and Australia, this book provides a review and analysis of this trend, including its implications for legal and political rights.

Italy's Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Italy's Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century

The New Assertiveness of an Aspiring Middle Power

  • Author: Bertjan Verbeek,Giampiero Giacomello
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739148702
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 260
  • View: 8538
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Italy’s Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century: The New Assertiveness of an Aspiring Middle Power, edited by Giampiero Giacomello and Bertjan Verbeek, fills a gap in the middle powers literature in general because of its focus on Italy. Relying on insights from foreign policy analysis, it offers an innovative theoretical inroad into Italian foreign policy by linking European and international factors with domestic processes of status making. Finally, this volume focuses on actors, issues, and policy instruments in vital areas of Italy’s foreign policy rather than bilateral relations between Italy and other counties or regions.

China's and Italy's Participation in Peacekeeping Operations

China's and Italy's Participation in Peacekeeping Operations

Existing Models, Emerging Challenges

  • Author: Andrea de Guttry,Emanuele Sommario,Lijiang Zhu
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739189328
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 8381
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China’s and Italy’s Participation in Peacekeeping Operations: Existing Models, Emerging Challenges examines the peacemaking efforts of these two countries through the lenses of international relations, history, sociology, and law. Using the specific experiences of Italy and China, this book addresses larger questions of how and why foreign powers intervene in the name of peace.

An Englishman Abroad

An Englishman Abroad

SOE agent Dick Mallaby’s Italian missions, 1943–45

  • Author: Gianluca Barneschi
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472835476
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7936
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Based on 20 years of research, Gianluca Barneschi has uncovered the true story of a real-life James Bond. The debonair Special Operations Executive agent Richard 'Dick' Mallaby was the first Briton to be sent to Italy as an SOE operative, parachuted unceremoniously into Lake Como in August 1943. Arrested and initially tortured by the Italian authorities, he managed to sweet-talk his way out of trouble, and helped Marshal Pietro Badoglio and King Victor Emmanuel III escape to the Allied lines. He also helped negotiate the armistice with Italy, for which he was awarded the Military Cross. He was back in action in 1945, when he crossed into Fascist-controlled northern Italy from Switzerland but was swiftly captured and interrogated by the SS. Narrowly avoiding a firing squad once again, he helped to secure the surrender of 800,000 German forces in Italy in May 1945.

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2010

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2010

  • Author: M.N. Schmitt,Louise Arimatsu,Tim McCormack
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9067048119
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 744
  • View: 5681
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The world's only annual publication devoted to the study of the laws of armed conflict, the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law provides a truly international forum for high-quality, peer-reviewed academic articles focusing on this highly topical branch of international law. Ease of use of the Yearbook is guaranteed by the inclusion of a detailed index. Distinguished by its topicality and contemporary relevance, the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law bridges the gap between theory and practice and serves as a useful reference tool for scholars, practitioners, military personnel, civil servants, diplomats, human rights workers and students.

On American Soil

On American Soil

How Justice Became a Casualty of World War II

  • Author: Jack Hamann
  • Publisher: Algonquin Books
  • ISBN: 1565128079
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3333
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On a hot August night in 1944, a soldier’s body was discovered hanging by a rope from a cable spanning an obstacle course at Seattle’s Fort Lawton. The body was identified as Private Guglielmo Olivotto, one of the thousands of Italian prisoners of war captured and brought to America. The murder stunned the nation and the international community. Under pressure to respond quickly, the War Department convened a criminal trial at the fort, charging three African American soldiers with the lynching and firstdegree murder of Private Olivotto. Forty other soldiers were charged with rioting, accused of storming the Italian barracks on the night of the murder. All forty-three soldiers were black. There was no evidence implicating any of these men. Leon Jaworski, later the lead prosecuter at the Watergate trial, was appointed to prosecute the case and seek the death penalty for three men who were most assuredly innocent. Through his access to previously classified documents and the information gained from extensive interviews, journalist Jack Hamann tells the whole story behind World War II’s largest army court-martial—a story that raises important questions about how justice is carried out when a country is at war.

The Italians

The Italians

  • Author: John Hooper
  • Publisher: Penguin Books
  • ISBN: 014312840X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3636
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Explores the history, culture, and religion of the Italian people, shedding new light on many aspects of Italian life.

The United Nations, Peace and Security

The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

  • Author: Ramesh Thakur
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107176948
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 9491
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Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.

Obeying Orders

Obeying Orders

Atrocity, Military Discipline and the Law of War

  • Author: Mark J. Osiel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351502565
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 6434
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A soldier obeys illegal orders, thinking them lawful. When should we excuse his misconduct as based in reasonable error? How can courts convincingly convict the soldier's superior officer when, after Nuremberg, criminal orders are expressed through winks and nods, hints and insinuations? Can our notions of the soldier's "due obedience," designed for the Roman legionnaire, be brought into closer harmony with current understandings of military conflict in the contemporary world? Mark J. Osiel answers these questions in light of new learning about atrocity and combat cohesion, as well as changes in warfare and the nature of military conflict. Sources of atrocity are far more varied than current law assumes, and such variations display consistent patterns. The law now generally requires that soldiers resolve all doubts about the legality of a superior's order in favor of obedience. It excuses compliance with an illegal order unless the illegality - as with flagrant atrocities - would be immediately obvious to anyone. But these criteria are often in conflict and at odds with the law's underlying principles and policies. Combat and peace operations now depend more on tactical imagination, self-discipline, and loyalty to immediate comrades than on immediate, unreflective adherence to the letter of superiors' orders, backed by threat of formal punishment. The objective of military law is to encourage deliberative judgment. This can be done, Osiel suggests, in ways that enhance the accountability of our military forces, in both peace operations and more traditional conflicts, while maintaining their effectiveness. Osiel seeks to "civilianize" military law while building on soldiers' own internal ideals of professional virtuousness. He returns to the ancient ideal of martial honor, reinterpreting it in light of new conditions, arguing that it should be implemented through realistic training in which legal counsel plays an enlarged role rather than by threat of legal prosecuti

Base Nation

Base Nation

How U.S. Military Bases Abroad Harm America and the World

  • Author: David Vine
  • Publisher: Metropolitan Books
  • ISBN: 1627791701
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1350
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From Italy to the Indian Ocean, from Japan to Honduras, a far-reaching examination of the perils of American military bases overseas American military bases encircle the globe. More than two decades after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. still stations its troops at nearly a thousand locations in foreign lands. These bases are usually taken for granted or overlooked entirely, a little-noticed part of the Pentagon's vast operations. But in an eye-opening account, Base Nation shows that the worldwide network of bases brings with it a panoply of ills—and actually makes the nation less safe in the long run. As David Vine demonstrates, the overseas bases raise geopolitical tensions and provoke widespread antipathy towards the United States. They also undermine American democratic ideals, pushing the U.S. into partnerships with dictators and perpetuating a system of second-class citizenship in territories like Guam. They breed sexual violence, destroy the environment, and damage local economies. And their financial cost is staggering: though the Pentagon underplays the numbers, Vine's accounting proves that the bill approaches $100 billion per year. For many decades, the need for overseas bases has been a quasi-religious dictum of U.S. foreign policy. But in recent years, a bipartisan coalition has finally started to question this conventional wisdom. With the U.S. withdrawing from Afghanistan and ending thirteen years of war, there is no better time to re-examine the tenets of our military strategy. Base Nation is an essential contribution to that debate.

Security in the West

Security in the West

Evolution of a Concept

  • Author: Giampiero Giacomello,R. Craig Nation
  • Publisher: Catholic University of Milan Press/Vita E Pensiero
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 274
  • View: 897
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The goals of this volume are to analyze the evolution of the contested concept of security and to discuss how the concept of security has emerged as a "Western social enterprise." How Western conceptions of security have developed and changed since the end of the Cold War, the nature of new security challenges and their implications for the West and the direction in which evolving concepts of security will lead the West and the entire global community are some of the relevant themes addressed by contributors to this volume.

Iron Hulls, Iron Hearts

Iron Hulls, Iron Hearts

Mussolini's Elite Armoured Divisions in North Africa

  • Author: Ian W Walker
  • Publisher: Crowood
  • ISBN: 1847974732
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 2644
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The campaign in North Africa during World War Two was one of the most important of the conflict. The allies fought for control of North Africa against the German Afrika Korps led by Rommel. But the part played by Mussolini's Italian troops, and in particular the armoured divisions, in support of the Germans is not so well known. This painstakingly researched book looks in detail at the role of Mussolini's three armoured divisions - Ariete, Littorio and Centauro - and the invaluable part they played in Rommel's offensive between 1941 and 1943. Indeed, the author is able to show that on many occasions the presence and performance of the Italian armoured divisions was crucial to the success of the axis campaign.

Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? - The German and European Perspective

Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? - The German and European Perspective

  • Author: Kim Eduard Lioe
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642154348
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 236
  • View: 2242
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At the center of this study lies the allocation of responsibilities and the division of labor between the armed forces and the mission of the police as well as other security forces in Europe. The mission of these forces defines the demarcation line between the spheres of internal and external security by assigning the former to the police and the latter to the armed forces. The focal idea is the evaluation of the feasibility of a strict separation as maintained in Germany in a European context, practical difficulties in its application, and potential ways to overcome such difficulties. This comprises in particular a comparison of the "German Way" with other European states and the corresponding methods chosen against the background of joint operations abroad.

A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia

A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia

  • Author: Jivanta Schottli,Subrata K. Mitra,Siegried Wolf
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135355762
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 464
  • View: 7977
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Thanks to its emerging markets, nuclearization and the internet revolution, South Asia is increasingly at the forefront of current affairs. This invaluable reference source seeks to make the region accessible to business travellers as well as to the general reader. The range of subjects to be covered includes major political processes and events of South Asia (elections and electoral politics, political slang, political parties, diplomacy and territorial divisions), domestic and foreign policy, key personalities, political and economic institutions, sub-national groupings and units (regions, cities, provinces and rural entities), ethnicity and identity, and legal systems (laws and court cases). Key features: * Terms, which are frequently misunderstood in the political and economic processes of South Asia, are explained clearly and succinctly * More than 1,000 entries, covering the key debates, issues, concepts and institutions. Entries include: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Caste System, Corruption, dalits, Electoral System, Federalism, Hindu-Muslim relation, India-US Relation, Kashmir, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Nuclearization, Privatization, Reserve Bank of India, Sikh, Untouchability, Urbanization, Atal Behari Vajpayee. Countries covered in this volume include: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.