Search Results for "john-stewart-bell-and-twentieth-century-physics-vision-and-integrity"

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics

Vision and Integrity

  • Author: Andrew Whitaker
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191060690
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 8608
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John Stewart Bell (1928-1990) was one of the most important figures in twentieth-century physics, famous for his work on the fundamental aspects of the century's most important theory, quantum mechanics. While the debate over quantum theory between the supremely famous physicists, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, appeared to have become sterile in the 1930s, Bell was able to revive it and to make crucial advances - Bell's Theorem or Bell's Inequalities. He was able to demonstrate a contradiction between quantum theory and essential elements of pre-quantum theory - locality and causality. The book gives a non-mathematical account of Bell's relatively impoverished upbringing in Belfast and his education. It describes his major contributions to quantum theory, but also his important work in the physics of accelerators, and nuclear and elementary particle physics.

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-century Physics

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-century Physics

Vision and Integrity

  • Author: Andrew Whitaker
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198742991
  • Category: Quantum theory
  • Page: 480
  • View: 8980
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John Stewart Bell (1928-1990) was one of the most important figures in twentieth-century physics, famous for his work on the fundamental aspects of the century's most important theory, quantum mechanics. While the debate over quantum theory between the supremely famous physicists, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, appeared to have become sterile in the 1930s, Bell was able to revive it and to make crucial advances - Bell's Theorem or Bell's Inequalities. He was able to demonstrate a contradiction between quantum theory and essential elements of pre-quantum theory - locality and causality. The book gives a non-mathematical account of Bell's relatively impoverished upbringing in Belfast and his education. It describes his major contributions to quantum theory, but also his important work in the physics of accelerators, and nuclear and elementary particle physics.

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics

John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics

Vision and Integrity

  • Author: Andrew Whitaker
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191060704
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 5165
DOWNLOAD NOW »
John Stewart Bell (1928-1990) was one of the most important figures in twentieth-century physics, famous for his work on the fundamental aspects of the century's most important theory, quantum mechanics. While the debate over quantum theory between the supremely famous physicists, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, appeared to have become sterile in the 1930s, Bell was able to revive it and to make crucial advances - Bell's Theorem or Bell's Inequalities. He was able to demonstrate a contradiction between quantum theory and essential elements of pre-quantum theory - locality and causality. The book gives a non-mathematical account of Bell's relatively impoverished upbringing in Belfast and his education. It describes his major contributions to quantum theory, but also his important work in the physics of accelerators, and nuclear and elementary particle physics.

Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma

Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma

From Quantum Theory to Quantum Information

  • Author: Andrew Whitaker
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521671027
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 461
  • View: 3417
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A fascinating account of the development of quantum theory and emergence of quantum information theory.

The New Quantum Age

The New Quantum Age

From Bell's Theorem to Quantum Computation and Teleportation

  • Author: Andrew Whitaker
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199589135
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 394
  • View: 5520
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A clear account of what has been discovered in recent years about quantum theory, its counter-intuitive features - non-locality, indeterminism, intrinsic uncertainty - and what it tells us about the universe. The book also explains how these ideas have led to a new subject of limitless possibilities - quantum information theory.

Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics

Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics

Collected Papers on Quantum Philosophy

  • Author: J. S. Bell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521523387
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4239
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John Bell, FRS was one of the leading expositors and interpreters of modern quantum theory. He is particularly famous for his discovery of the crucial difference between the predictions of conventional quantum mechanics and the implications of local causality, a concept insisted on by Einstein. John Bell's work played a major role in the development of our current understanding of the profound nature of quantum concepts and of the fundamental limitations they impose on the applicability of the classical ideas of space, time and locality. This book includes all of John Bell's published and unpublished papers on the conceptual and philosophical problems of quantum mechanics, including two papers that appeared after the first edition was published. The book includes a short Preface written by the author for the first edition, and also an introduction by Alain Aspect that puts into context John Bell's enormous contribution to the quantum philosophy debate.

John S. Bell on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

John S. Bell on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: J. S. Bell,Mary Bell,Kurt Gottfried,Martinus Veltman
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810246884
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 239
  • View: 1039
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This book is the most complete collection of John S Bell's research papers, review articles and lecture notes on the foundations of quantum mechanics. Some of this material has hitherto been difficult to access. The book also appears in a paperback edition, aimed at students and young researchers.This volume will be very useful to researchers in the foundations and applications of quantum mechanics.

Hidden Worlds in Quantum Physics

Hidden Worlds in Quantum Physics

  • Author: Gerard Gouesbet
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486499669
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 533
  • View: 1327
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With its emphasis on the history and philosophical foundations of physics, this book will interest lay readers as well as students and professionals. The distinguished author discusses pioneers in the field, including Pauli, Einstein, Bohr, and de Broglie. Topics include hidden-variable and causal theories, pilot wave, and Schrödinger's equation. 2013 edition.

Now: The Physics of Time

Now: The Physics of Time

  • Author: Richard A. Muller
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393285243
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3517
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From the celebrated author of the best-selling Physics for Future Presidents comes “a provocative, strongly argued book on the fundamental nature of time” (Lee Smolin). You are reading the word “now” right now. But what does that mean? What makes the ephemeral moment “now” so special? Its enigmatic character has bedeviled philosophers, priests, and modern-day physicists from Augustine to Einstein and beyond. Einstein showed that the flow of time is affected by both velocity and gravity, yet he despaired at his failure to explain the meaning of “now.” Equally puzzling: why does time flow? Some physicists have given up trying to understand, and call the flow of time an illusion, but the eminent experimentalist physicist Richard A. Muller protests. He says physics should explain reality, not deny it. In Now, Muller does more than poke holes in past ideas; he crafts his own revolutionary theory, one that makes testable predictions. He begins by laying out—with the refreshing clarity that made Physics for Future Presidents so successful—a firm and remarkably clear explanation of the physics building blocks of his theory: relativity, entropy, entanglement, antimatter, and the Big Bang. With the stage then set, he reveals a startling way forward. Muller’s monumental work will spark major debate about the most fundamental assumptions of our universe, and may crack one of physics’s longest-standing enigmas.

Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom

Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom

The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913-1925

  • Author: Helge Kragh
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191630462
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 1949
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Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom is the first book that focuses in detail on the birth and development of Bohr's atomic theory and gives a comprehensive picture of it. At the same time it offers new insight into Bohr's peculiar way of thinking, what Einstein once called his 'unique instinct and tact'. Contrary to most other accounts of the Bohr atom, the book presents it in a broader perspective which includes the reception among other scientists and the criticism launched against it by scientists of a more conservative inclination. Moreover, it discusses the theory as Bohr originally conceived it, namely, as an ambitious theory covering the structure of atoms as well as molecules. By discussing the theory in its entirety it becomes possible to understand why it developed as it did and thereby to use it as an example of the dynamics of scientific theories.

The Physical World

The Physical World

An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

  • Author: Nicholas Manton,Nicholas Mee
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198795939
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 608
  • View: 8212
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"It is over half a century since The Feynman lectures on physics were published. A new authoritative account of fundamental physics covering all branches of the subject is now well overdue. The physical world has been written to satisfy this need."--Back cover.

Superstring Theory

Superstring Theory

25th Anniversary Edition

  • Author: Michael B. Green,John H. Schwarz,Edward Witten
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107029139
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 616
  • View: 302
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Twenty-fifth anniversary edition featuring a new Preface, invaluable for graduate students and researchers in high energy physics and astrophysics.

Practical Bayesian Inference

Practical Bayesian Inference

A Primer for Physical Scientists

  • Author: Coryn A. L. Bailer-Jones
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108127673
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1550
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Science is fundamentally about learning from data, and doing so in the presence of uncertainty. This volume is an introduction to the major concepts of probability and statistics, and the computational tools for analysing and interpreting data. It describes the Bayesian approach, and explains how this can be used to fit and compare models in a range of problems. Topics covered include regression, parameter estimation, model assessment, and Monte Carlo methods, as well as widely used classical methods such as regularization and hypothesis testing. The emphasis throughout is on the principles, the unifying probabilistic approach, and showing how the methods can be implemented in practice. R code (with explanations) is included and is available online, so readers can reproduce the plots and results for themselves. Aimed primarily at undergraduate and graduate students, these techniques can be applied to a wide range of data analysis problems beyond the scope of this work.

Tales of the Quantum

Tales of the Quantum

Understanding Physics' Most Fundamental Theory

  • Author: Art Hobson,Professor Emeritus of Physics Art Hobson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190679638
  • Category:
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3997
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Everybody has heard that we live in a world made of atoms. But far more fundamentally, we live in a universe made of quanta. Many things are not made of atoms: light, radio waves, electric current, magnetic fields, Earth's gravitational field, not to mention exotica such a neutron stars, black holes, dark energy, and dark matter. But everything, including atoms, is made of highly unified or "coherent" bundles of energy called "quanta" that (like everything else) obey certain rules. In the case of the quantum, these rules are called "quantum physics." This is a book about quanta and their unexpected, some would say peculiar, behavior--tales, if you will, of the quantum. The quantum has developed the reputation of being capricious, bewildering, even impossible to understand. The peculiar habits of quanta are certainly not what we would have expected to find at the foundation of physical reality, but these habits are not necessarily bewildering and not at all impossible or paradoxical. This book explains those habits--the quantum rules--in everyday language, without mathematics or unnecessary technicalities. While most popular books about quantum physics follow the topic's scientific history from 1900 to today, this book follows the phenomena: wave-particle duality, fundamental randomness, quantum states, superpositions (being in two places at once), entanglement, non-locality, Schrodinger's cat, and quantum jumps, and presents the history and the scientists only to the extent that they illuminate the phenomena.

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

  • Author: Claude Fabre,Vahid Sandoghdar,Nicolas Treps,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191081779
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 4962
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Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics consists of the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 101 held in August 2013. Some of the most eminent experts in this flourishing area of research have contributed chapters lying at the intersection of basic quantum science and advanced nanotechnology. The book is part of the renowned series of tutorial books that contain the lecture notes of all the Les Houches Summer Schools since the 1950's and cover the latest developments in physics and related fields.

A Different Universe

A Different Universe

Reinventing Physics From the Bottom Down

  • Author: Robert B. Laughlin
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0786722185
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8676
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In this age of superstring theories and Big Bang cosmology, we're used to thinking of the unknown as impossibly distant from our everyday lives. But in A Different Universe, Nobel Laureate Robert Laughlin argues that the scientific frontier is right under our fingers. Instead of looking for ultimate theories, Laughlin considers the world of emergent properties-meaning the properties, such as the hardness and shape of a crystal, that result from the organization of large numbers of atoms. Laughlin shows us how the most fundamental laws of physics are in fact emergent. A Different Universe is a truly mind-bending book that shows us why everything we think about fundamental physical laws needs to change.

The Wonderful World of Relativity

The Wonderful World of Relativity

A Precise Guide for the General Reader

  • Author: Andrew Steane
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199694613
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6489
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This book provides a lively and visual introduction to Einstein's theory of relativity. It brings to life the excitement of this fascinating subject, for an audience including young people at school (post-16) and the general public with an interest in modern physics. It is different from existing books in that is uses many diagrams and simple equations (the reader is carefully guided through them), and richly rewards the reader with beautiful mathematical and physical insights. It begins by introducing spacetime, in the familiar context of low velocities. It then shows how Einstein's theory forces us to understand time in a new way. Paradoxes and puzzles are introduced and resolved, and the book culminates in a thorough unfolding of the relation between mass and energy. The book draws on the author's many years of experience in writing articles and reviews for a non-expert readership, and presenting physics to school pupils.

Maxwell's Enduring Legacy

Maxwell's Enduring Legacy

  • Author: Malcolm Longair
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107083699
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 650
  • View: 4170
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An authoritative scientific history of a world-leading physics laboratory from its origins in the late nineteenth century to the present day.

Quantum Chance

Quantum Chance

Nonlocality, Teleportation and Other Quantum Marvels

  • Author: Nicolas Gisin
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319054732
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 109
  • View: 6188
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Quantum physics, which offers an explanation of the world on the smallest scale, has fundamental implications that pose a serious challenge to ordinary logic. Particularly counterintuitive is the notion of entanglement, which has been explored for the past 30 years and posits an ubiquitous randomness capable of manifesting itself simultaneously in more than one place. This amazing 'non-locality' is more than just an abstract curiosity or paradox: it has entirely down-to-earth applications in cryptography, serving for example to protect financial information; it also has enabled the demonstration of 'quantum teleportation', whose infinite possibilities even science-fiction writers can scarcely imagine. This delightful and concise exposition does not avoid the deep logical difficulties of quantum physics, but gives the reader the insights needed to appreciate them. From 'Bell's Theorem' to experiments in quantum entanglement, the reader will gain a solid understanding of one of the most fascinating areas of contemporary physics.

Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics

Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics

  • Author: Jean Bricmont
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319258893
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 331
  • View: 7427
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This book explains, in simple terms, with a minimum of mathematics, why things can appear to be in two places at the same time, why correlations between simultaneous events occurring far apart cannot be explained by local mechanisms, and why, nevertheless, the quantum theory can be understood in terms of matter in motion. No need to worry, as some people do, whether a cat can be both dead and alive, whether the moon is there when nobody looks at it, or whether quantum systems need an observer to acquire definite properties. The author’s inimitable and even humorous style makes the book a pleasure to read while bringing a new clarity to many of the longstanding puzzles of quantum physics.