Search Results for "judge-advocates-in-combat-army-lawyers-in-military-operations-from-vietnam-to-haiti"

Judge Advocates in Combat

Judge Advocates in Combat

  • Author: Frederic L. Borch
  • Publisher: Government Printing Office
  • ISBN: 9780160876615
  • Category:
  • Page: 413
  • View: 1457
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The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations

The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations

  • Author: Terry D. Gill,Dieter Fleck
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191062081
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 816
  • View: 9810
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The second edition of this well received handbook provides a comprehensive overview and annotated commentary of those areas of international law most relevant to the planning and conduct of military operations. It covers a wide scope of military operations, ranging from operations conducted under UN Security Council mandate to (collective) self-defence and consensual and humanitarian operations and identifies the relevant legal bases and applicable legal regimes governing the application of force and treatment of persons during such operations. It also devotes attention to the law governing the status of forces, military use of the sea and airspace and questions of international (criminal) responsibility for breaches of international law. New developments such as cyber warfare and controversial aspects of law in relation to contemporary operations, such as targeted killing of specific individuals are discussed and analysed, alongside recent developments in more traditional types of operations, such as peacekeeping and naval operations. The book is aimed at policy officials, commanders and their (military) legal advisors who are involved with the planning and conduct of any type of military operation and is intended to complement national and international policy and legal guidelines and assist in identifying and applying the law to ensure legitimacy and contribute to mission accomplishment. It likewise fulfils a need in pertinent international organizations, such as the UN, NATO, Regional Organizations, and NGOs. It also serves as a comprehensive work of reference to academics and is suitable for courses at military staff colleges, academies and universities, which devote attention to one or more aspects of international law treated in the book. This mix of intended users is reflected in the contributors who include senior (former) policy officials and (military) legal advisors, alongside academics engaged in teaching and research in these areas of international law.

Judge Advocates in Vietnam

Judge Advocates in Vietnam

Army Lawyers in Southeast Asia, 1959-1975

  • Author: Frederic L. Borch III
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781410217721
  • Category: History
  • Page: 176
  • View: 4215
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Although the first American soldiers arrived in Saigon in late 1950, the first Army judge advocate did not deploy to Vietnam until 1959, when Lt. Col. Paul J. Durbin reported for duty. From then until 1975 when Saigon fell and the last few U.S. military personnel left Vietnam, Army lawyers played a significant role in what is still America's "longest war." Judge Advocates in Vietnam: Army Lawyers in Southeast Asia (1959-1975) tells the story of these soldier-lawyers in headquarters units like the Saigon-based Military Assistance Advisory Group and Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV). But it also examines the individual experiences of judge advocates in combat organizations like II Field Force, 1st Air Cavalry Division, and the 25th Infantry Division. Almost without exception, Army lawyers recognized that the unconventional nature of guerrilla warfare required them to practice law in new and non-traditional ways. Consequently, many judge advocates serving in Vietnam between 1959 and 1975 looked for new ways to use their talent and abilities -both legal and non-legal- to enhance mission success. While this was not what judge advocates today refer to as "operational law" -that compendium of domestic, foreign, and international law applicable to U.S. forces engaged in combat or operations other than war- the efforts of these Vietnam-era lawyers were a major force in shaping today's view that judge advocates are most effective if they are integrated into Army operations at all levels. Judge Advocates in Vietnam is not the first book about lawyering in Southeast Asia. On the contrary, Maj. Gen. George S. Prugh's Law at War, published in 1975, was the first look at what judge advocatesdid in Vietnam. General Prugh's monograph, however, focuses exclusively on legal work done at MACV. Similarly, Col. Fred Borch's Judge Advocates in Combat: Army Lawyers in Military Operations from Vietnam to Haiti has a chapter on law in Southeast Asia, but it is a very brief look at military lawyering in Vietnam. It follows that this new Combat Studies Institute publication is long overdue. Its comprehensive examination of judge advocates in Vietnam -who was there, what they did, and how they did it- fills a void in the history of the Army and the Judge Advocate General's Corps. At the same time, anyone who takes the time to read these pages will come away with a greater appreciation of what it was like to serve as a soldier -and an Army lawyer- in Vietnam. Thomas J. Romig Major General, U.S. Army The Judge Advocate General

The Road to Abu Ghraib

The Road to Abu Ghraib

US Army Detainee Doctrine and Experience

  • Author: James F. Gebhardt
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1428910107
  • Category: Prisoners of war
  • Page: 143
  • View: 1667
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U.S. Military Operations

U.S. Military Operations

Law, Policy, and Practice

  • Author: Geoffrey S. Corn,Rachel E. VanLandingham,Shane R. Reeves
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199363188
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 4652
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In U.S. Military Operations: Law, Policy, and Practice, a distinguished group of military experts comprehensively analyze how the law is applied during military operations on and off the battlefield. Subject matter experts offer a unique insiders perspective on how the law is actually implemented in a wide swath of military activities, such as how the law of war applies in the context of multi-state coalition forces, and whether non-governmental organizations involved in quasi-military operations are subject to the same law. The book goes on to consider whether U.S. Constitutional 4th Amendment protections apply to the military's cyber-defense measures, how the law guides targeting decisions, and whether United Nations mandates constitute binding rules of international humanitarian law. Other areas of focus include how the United States interacts with the International Committee of the Red Cross regarding its international legal obligations, and how courts should approach civil claims based on war-related torts. This book also answers questions regarding how the law of armed conflict applies to such extra-conflict acts as intercepting pirates and providing humanitarian relief to civilians in occupied territory.

Military Law Review

Military Law Review

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Military law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7381
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Parameters, US Army War College Quarterly Vol. XXXII, No. 3

Parameters, US Army War College Quarterly Vol. XXXII, No. 3

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5750
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Parameters

Parameters

Journal of the US Army War College

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Military art and science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4282
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The Journal of Military History

The Journal of Military History

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Military history
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9996
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War Crimes Trials in the Netherlands East Indies

War Crimes Trials in the Netherlands East Indies

  • Author: Fred L. Borch
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198777167
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 270
  • View: 8625
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From 1946 to 1949, the Dutch prosecuted more than 1000 Japanese soldiers and civilians for war crimes committed during the occupation of the Netherlands East Indies during World War II. They also prosecuted a small number of Dutch citizens for collaborating with their Japanese occupiers. The war crimes committed by the Japanese against military personnel and civilians in the East Indies were horrific, and included mass murder, murder, torture, mistreatment of prisoners of war, and enforced prostitution. Beginning in 1946, the Dutch convened military tribunals in various locations in the East Indies to hear the evidence of these atrocities and imposed sentences ranging from months and years to death; some 25 percent of those convicted were executed for their crimes. The difficulty arising out of gathering evidence and conducting the trials was exacerbated by the on-going guerrilla war between Dutch authorities and Indonesian revolutionaries and in fact the trials ended abruptly in 1949 when 300 years of Dutch colonial rule ended and Indonesia gained its independence. Until the author began examining and analysing the records of trial from these cases, no English language scholar had published a comprehensive study of these war crimes trials. While the author looks at the war crimes prosecutions of the Japanese in detail this book also breaks new ground in exploring the prosecutions of Dutch citizens alleged to have collaborated with their Japanese occupiers. Anyone with a general interest in World War II and the war in the Pacific, or a specific interest in war crimes and international law, will be interested in this book.

Military Justice in Vietnam

Military Justice in Vietnam

The Rule of Law in an American War

  • Author: William Thomas Allison
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 230
  • View: 7740
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A concise look at how military justice during the Vietnam War served the dual purpose of punishing U.S. solders' crimes and infractions while also serving the important role of promoting core American values democracy and rule of law to the Vietnamese."

Out of the Crucible

Out of the Crucible

How the Us Military Transformed Combat Casualty Care in Iraq and Afghanistan

  • Author: Arthur L. Kellermann,Eric Elster,Borden Institute
  • Publisher: Government Printing Office
  • ISBN: 9780160943621
  • Category: History
  • Page: 451
  • View: 6689
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Out of the Crucible: How the U.S. Military Transformed Combat Casualty Care in Iraq and Afghanistan edited by Arthur L. Kellermann, MD and MPH, and Eric Elster, MD is now available by the US Army, Borden Institute. This comprehensive resource, part of the renowned Textbooks of Military Medicine series, documents one of the most extraordinary achievements in the history of American medicine - the dramatic advances in combat casualty care developed during Operations Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Each chapter is written by one or more military health professionals who played an important role in bringing the advancement to America's military health system. Written in plain English and amply illustrated with informative figures and photographs, Out of the Crucible engages and informs the American public and policy makers about how America's military health system, devised, tested and widely adopted numerous inventions, innovations, technologies that collectively produced the highest survival rate from battlefield trauma in the history of warfare.

Green Warriors

Green Warriors

Army Environmental Considerations for Contingency Operations from Planning Through Post-Conflict

  • Author: David E. Mosher,Beth E. Lachman,Michael D. Greenberg,Tiffany Nichols,Brian Rosen
  • Publisher: Rand Corporation
  • ISBN: 0833045865
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 8327
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This study assesses whether Army policy, doctrine, and guidance adequately address environmental activities in post-conflict phases of contingencies. A review of policy, doctrine, operational experience, and documentation, as well as interviews with Army personnel, indicates that environmental concerns can have significant impacts. Recommendations are made for improving the Army?s approach to environmental issues in contingency operations.

“My Clan Against the World”: U.S. and Coalition Forces in Somalia 1992-1994

“My Clan Against the World”: U.S. and Coalition Forces in Somalia 1992-1994

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437923089
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9403
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US Army Psychiatry in the Vietnam War

US Army Psychiatry in the Vietnam War

New Challenges in Extended Counterinsurgency Warfare

  • Author: Norman M. Camp
  • Publisher: Government Printing Office
  • ISBN: 9780160925504
  • Category: Military psychiatry
  • Page: 259
  • View: 7425
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This book tells the mostly forgotten story of the accelerating mental health problems that arose among the troops sent to fight in South Vietnam, especially the morale, discipline, and heroin crisis that ultimately characterized the second half of the war. This situation was unprecedented in U.S. military history and dangerous, and reflected the fact that during the war America underwent its most divisive period since the Civil War and, as a result, the war became bitterly controversial. The author is a career Army psychiatrist who led a psychiatric unit in Vietnam. In the years following his return, he was dismayed to discover that the Army had conducted no formal review of this alarming situation, including from the standpoint of military psychiatry, and had lost or destroyed all of the pertinent clinical records. In addition to permitting a study of the psychological wounds and their treatment in Vietnam, these records would have been priceless in the treatment of the legions of veterans who presented serious adjustment problems and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. As a consequence, Dr Camp has been relentless in combing the professional, civilian, and surviving military literature--including unpublished documents--to construct a compelling narrative documenting the successes and failures of Army psychiatry and the Army leadership in Vietnam in responding to these psychiatric and behavioral challenges. The result is a book that is both scholarly and intensely personal, includes vivid case material and anecdotes from colleagues who also served there, and is replete with illustrations and correspondence. It presents the story of Vietnam in a fresh manner--through the psychiatrist s eyes, and sensibilities."

Humanitarian Military Intervention

Humanitarian Military Intervention

The Conditions for Success and Failure

  • Author: Taylor B. Seybolt
  • Publisher: SIPRI Publication
  • ISBN: 9780199252435
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 6534
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Military intervention in a conflict without a reasonable prospect of success is unjustifiable, especially when it is done in the name of humanity. Couched in the debate on the responsibility to protect civilians from violence and drawing on traditional 'just war' principles, the central premise of this book is that humanitarian military intervention can be justified as a policy option only if decision makers can be reasonably sure that intervention will do more good than harm. This book asks, 'Have past humanitarian military interventions been successful?' It defines success as saving lives and sets out a methodology for estimating the number of lives saved by a particular military intervention. Analysis of 17 military operations in six conflict areas that were the defining cases of the 1990s-northern Iraq after the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor-shows that the majority were successful by this measure. In every conflict studied, however, some military interventions succeeded while others failed, raising the question, 'Why have some past interventions been more successful than others?' This book argues that the central factors determining whether a humanitarian intervention succeeds are the objectives of the intervention and the military strategy employed by the intervening states. Four types of humanitarian military intervention are offered: helping to deliver emergency aid, protecting aid operations, saving the victims of violence and defeating the perpetrators of violence. The focus on strategy within these four types allows an exploration of the political and military dimensions of humanitarian intervention and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types. Humanitarian military intervention is controversial. Scepticism is always in order about the need to use military force because the consequences can be so dire. Yet it has become equally controversial not to intervene when a governmentsubjects its citizens to massive violation of their basic human rights. This book recognizes the limits of humanitarian intervention but does not shy away from suggesting how military force can save lives in extreme circumstances.

Urban Combat Service Support Operations

Urban Combat Service Support Operations

The Shoulders of Atlas

  • Author: Russell W. Glenn,Steven L. Hartman,Scott Gerwehr
  • Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
  • ISBN: 9780833034663
  • Category: History
  • Page: 153
  • View: 2375
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Operations in urban areas pose specific challenges for U.S. Army combat service support (CSS)--which is responsible for arming, manning, sustaining, and otherwise supporting these operations. This report gives an overview of these tasks and ways in which the CSS community can prepare itself to meet them. The authors conducted literature reviews and interviews, and they drew on extensive prior research. Findings fall into two broad categories: (1) functional-area specific, applying exclusively to arming, manning, sustaining, moving, fixing, force protection, and selected other areas; and (2) those with broader application. Under the latter, the limited availability of many CSS assets will encourage their central management. Commanders will therefore have to consider weighting front-line assets with such low-density assets or keeping them centralized for dispatch as needed. CSS resources will require the same command, control, and communications assets as do other units. Additionally, CSS drivers and others throughout the area of operations are a potentially vital and traditionally underused source of intelligence. Attrition and consumption rates tend to be much higher than is elsewhere experienced. Demands on CSS units will be exceptional even during operations in which combat plays no role.

Virtual War

Virtual War

Kosovo and Beyond

  • Author: Michael Ignatieff
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9780312278359
  • Category: History
  • Page: 246
  • View: 5376
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Spring/Summer 2001

Dust Off

Dust Off

Army Aeromedical Evacuation in Vietnam

  • Author: Peter Dorland,James Nanney
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 0756710855
  • Category:
  • Page: 134
  • View: 8070
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During a tour with The Historical Unit, U.S. Army Medical Dept., from 1974-1977, Peter Dorland, then a captain and a former Dust Off pilot in Vietnam, completed the basic research for this book and drafted a lengthy manuscript. In 1971, James Nanney, an editor at the U.S. Army Center of Military History conducted further research on Dust Off, reorganized and redrafted portions of the original manuscript, and added Chapter 4 and the Epilogue. Chapters include: the early years of medical evacuation, and the Korean War; birth of a tradition; the system matures; the pilot at work; from Tet 1968 to stand-down; statistics; doctrine and lessons learned; a historical perspective; and bibliography.