Search Results for "knowing-the-adversary"

Knowing the Adversary

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

  • Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140085041X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 2206
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States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military buildups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial importance of this issue, we don't know enough about how states and their leaders draw inferences about their adversaries' long-term intentions. Knowing the Adversary draws on a wealth of historical archival evidence to shed new light on how world leaders and intelligence organizations actually make these assessments. Keren Yarhi-Milo examines three cases: Britain's assessments of Nazi Germany's intentions in the 1930s, America's assessments of the Soviet Union's intentions during the Carter administration, and the Reagan administration's assessments of Soviet intentions near the end of the Cold War. She advances a new theoretical framework—called selective attention—that emphasizes organizational dynamics, personal diplomatic interactions, and cognitive and affective factors. Yarhi-Milo finds that decision makers don't pay as much attention to those aspects of state behavior that major theories of international politics claim they do. Instead, they tend to determine the intentions of adversaries on the basis of preexisting beliefs, theories, and personal impressions. Yarhi-Milo also shows how intelligence organizations rely on very different indicators than decision makers, focusing more on changes in the military capabilities of adversaries. Knowing the Adversary provides a clearer picture of the historical validity of existing theories, and broadens our understanding of the important role that diplomacy plays in international security.

Knowing the Adversary

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

  • Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780691159157
  • Category: History
  • Page: 355
  • View: 8142
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"How do political leaders and intelligence organizations make inferences about adversary intentions? Yarhi-Milo makes a major contribution to the study of this critical question by developing a new theory of threat perception and testing it in three important historical cases. With its extraordinarily detailed historical research, extensive coverage of primary sources, compelling evidence, and balanced interpretations, "Knowing the Adversary" is indispensable reading for conflict theorists, intelligence analysts, and diplomatic historians."--Jack S. Levy, Rutgers University "Threat perception is a central topic for international politics, but is remarkably understudied. Yarhi-Milo's fascinating and important book is a huge step forward. Testing theories based on rational choice, organization theory, and psychology, and using original research on British perceptions of Nazi Germany and American views of the USSR, she shows that decision makers and intelligence analysts looked at different indicators and that the attention paid by both groups was highly selective."--Robert Jervis, author of "Perception and Misperception in International Politics" ""Knowing the Adversary" tackles a central question in international security and reaches nonobvious conclusions with wide implications. The quality of the empirical work is outstanding. I can think of few recent qualitative studies that are in its league."--William C. Wohlforth, coauthor of "World Out of Balance: International Relations and the Challenge of American Primacy" ""Knowing the Adversary" makes a significant contribution to the literature on how states assess others' intentions. Surprisingly little research has focused as directly and fully on this important question as Yarhi-Milo does here. She looks carefully at a huge amount of evidence. This is an important book."--Charles L. Glaser, author of "Rational Theory of International Politics: The Logic of Competition and Cooperation"

Knowing the Adversary

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

  • Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780691159164
  • Category: History
  • Page: 355
  • View: 8796
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States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military buildups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial importance of this issue, we don't know enough about how states and their leaders draw inferences about their adversaries' long-term intentions. Knowing the Adversary draws on a wealth of historical archival evidence to shed new light on how world leaders and intelligence organizations actually make these assessments. Keren Yarhi-Milo examines three cases: Britain's assessments of Nazi Germany's intentions in the 1930s, America's assessments of the Soviet Union's intentions during the Carter administration, and the Reagan administration's assessments of Soviet intentions near the end of the Cold War. She advances a new theoretical framework--called selective attention--that emphasizes organizational dynamics, personal diplomatic interactions, and cognitive and affective factors. Yarhi-Milo finds that decision makers don't pay as much attention to those aspects of state behavior that major theories of international politics claim they do. Instead, they tend to determine the intentions of adversaries on the basis of preexisting beliefs, theories, and personal impressions. Yarhi-Milo also shows how intelligence organizations rely on very different indicators than decision makers, focusing more on changes in the military capabilities of adversaries. Knowing the Adversary provides a clearer picture of the historical validity of existing theories, and broadens our understanding of the important role that diplomacy plays in international security.

Cyber Adversary Characterization

Cyber Adversary Characterization

Auditing the Hacker Mind

  • Author: Tom Parker,Marcus Sachs,Eric Shaw,Ed Stroz
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080476995
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 512
  • View: 6563
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The wonders and advantages of modern age electronics and the World Wide Web have also, unfortunately, ushered in a new age of terrorism. The growing connectivity among secure and insecure networks has created new opportunities for unauthorized intrusions into sensitive or proprietary computer systems. Some of these vulnerabilities are waiting to be exploited, while numerous others already have. Everyday that a vulnerability or threat goes unchecked greatly increases an attack and the damage it can cause. Who knows what the prospects for a cascade of failures across US infrastructures could lead to. What type of group or individual would exploit this vulnerability, and why would they do it? "Inside the Mind of a Criminal Hacker" sets the stage and cast of characters for examples and scenarios such as this, providing the security specialist a window into the enemy’s mind - necessary in order to develop a well configured defense. Written by leading security and counter-terrorism experts, whose experience include first-hand exposure in working with government branches & agencies (such as the FBI, US Army, Department of Homeland Security), this book sets a standard for the fight against the cyber-terrorist. Proving, that at the heart of the very best defense is knowing and understanding your enemy. * This book will demonstrate the motives and motivations of criminal hackers through profiling attackers at post attack and forensic levels. * This book is essential to those who need to truly "know thy enemy" in order to prepare the best defense. * . The breadth of material in "Inside the Criminal Mind" will surprise every security specialist and cyber-terrorist buff of how much they do and (more importantly) don't know about the types of adversaries they stand to face.

Who Fights for Reputation

Who Fights for Reputation

The Psychology of Leaders in International Conflict

  • Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400889987
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 6667
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How psychology explains why a leader is willing to use military force to protect or salvage reputation In Who Fights for Reputation, Keren Yarhi-Milo provides an original framework, based on insights from psychology, to explain why some political leaders are more willing to use military force to defend their reputation than others. Rather than focusing on a leader's background, beliefs, bargaining skills, or biases, Yarhi-Milo draws a systematic link between a trait called self-monitoring and foreign policy behavior. She examines self-monitoring among national leaders and advisers and shows that while high self-monitors modify their behavior strategically to cultivate image-enhancing status, low self-monitors are less likely to change their behavior in response to reputation concerns. Exploring self-monitoring through case studies of foreign policy crises during the terms of U.S. presidents Carter, Reagan, and Clinton, Yarhi-Milo disproves the notion that hawks are always more likely than doves to fight for reputation. Instead, Yarhi-Milo demonstrates that a decision maker's propensity for impression management is directly associated with the use of force to restore a reputation for resolve on the international stage. Who Fights for Reputation offers a brand-new understanding of the pivotal influence that psychological factors have on political leadership, military engagement, and the protection of public prestige.

Your Adversary, the Devil

Your Adversary, the Devil

  • Author: J. Dwight Pentecost
  • Publisher: Kregel Publications
  • ISBN: 9780825434556
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 191
  • View: 5388
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Here is an illuminating study of the devil from a veteran seminary professor and author. "This work uses the light of Scripture to expose the person and methods of Satan . . . Competent books on this subject are not plentiful. . . . Pentecost gives us a very useful survey of information on Satan."--"Christianity Today."

Know Your Enemy

Know Your Enemy

The Rise and Fall of America's Soviet Experts

  • Author: David C. Engerman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199717231
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 7851
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As World War II ended, few Americans in government or universities knew much about the Soviet Union. As David Engerman shows in this book, a network of scholars, soldiers, spies, and philanthropists created an enterprise known as Soviet Studies to fill in this dangerous gap in American knowledge. This group brought together some of the nation's best minds from the left, right, and center, colorful and controversial individuals ranging from George Kennan to Margaret Mead to Zbigniew Brzezinski, not to mention historians Sheila Fitzpatrick and Richard Pipes. Together they created the knowledge that helped fight the Cold War and define Cold War thought. Soviet Studies became a vibrant intellectual enterprise, studying not just the Soviet threat, but Soviet society and culture at a time when many said that these were contradictions in terms, as well as Russian history and literature. And this broad network, Engerman argues, forever changed the relationship between the government and academe, connecting the Pentagon with the ivory tower in ways that still matter today.

Ally to Adversary

Ally to Adversary

An Eyewitness Account of Iraq's Fall from Grace

  • Author: Rick Francona
  • Publisher: Naval Inst Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 186
  • View: 8604
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Francona, a retired Air Force intelligence officer who served throughout the Middle East with the Defense Department and various national intelligence agencies, chronicles the course of US-Iraqi relations from inside the highest military and diplomatic levels. His firsthand account takes readers on

Intelligence-Driven Incident Response

Intelligence-Driven Incident Response

Outwitting the Adversary

  • Author: Scott J Roberts,Rebekah Brown
  • Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
  • ISBN: 1491935197
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 284
  • View: 1028
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Using a well-conceived incident response plan in the aftermath of an online security breach enables your team to identify attackers and learn how they operate. But, only when you approach incident response with a cyber threat intelligence mindset will you truly understand the value of that information. With this practical guide, you’ll learn the fundamentals of intelligence analysis, as well as the best ways to incorporate these techniques into your incident response process. Each method reinforces the other: threat intelligence supports and augments incident response, while incident response generates useful threat intelligence. This book helps incident managers, malware analysts, reverse engineers, digital forensics specialists, and intelligence analysts understand, implement, and benefit from this relationship. In three parts, this in-depth book includes: The fundamentals: get an introduction to cyber threat intelligence, the intelligence process, the incident-response process, and how they all work together Practical application: walk through the intelligence-driven incident response (IDIR) process using the F3EAD process—Find, Fix Finish, Exploit, Analyze, and Disseminate The way forward: explore big-picture aspects of IDIR that go beyond individual incident-response investigations, including intelligence team building

The Secret Adversary (Diversion Classics)

The Secret Adversary (Diversion Classics)

  • Author: Agatha Christie
  • Publisher: Diversion Books
  • ISBN: 168230180X
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1994
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Featuring an appendix of discussion questions, the Diversion Classics edition is ideal for use in book groups and classrooms. After the First World War, friends Tommy and Tuppence go into business as The Young Adventurers, ready to investigate mysterious occurrences. Their new venture leads them on a search for the missing cousin of an American millionaire and draws them into a plot fraught with danger. Christie's sharp writing and command of mystery make this detective novel a must-read.

The Image of the Enemy

The Image of the Enemy

Intelligence Analysis of Adversaries since 1945

  • Author: Paul Maddrell
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 1626162409
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 7361
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Intelligence agencies spend huge sums of money to collect and analyze vast quantities of national security data for their political leaders. How well is this intelligence analyzed, how often is it acted on by policymakers, and does it have a positive or negative effect on decision making? Drawing on declassified documents, interviews with intelligence veterans and policymakers, and other sources, The Image of the Enemy breaks new ground as it examines how seven countries analyzed and used intelligence to shape their understanding of their main adversary. The cases in the book include the Soviet Union's analysis of the United States (and vice versa), East Germany's analysis of West Germany (and vice versa), British intelligence in the early years of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, Israeli intelligence about the Palestinians, Pakistani intelligence on India, and US intelligence about Islamist terrorists. These rivalries provide rich case studies for scholars and offer today’s analysts and policymakers the opportunity to closely evaluate past successes and failures in intelligence analysis and the best ways to give information support to policymakers. Using these lessons from the past, they can move forward to improve analysis of current adversaries and future threats.

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885116
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 8478
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With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.

Know Your Enemy

Know Your Enemy

The Christian's Critic

  • Author: Nicholl McGuire
  • Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
  • ISBN: 9781451526547
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 284
  • View: 8283
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You didn't see it coming! Another insult, lie, exaggeration, and other negative behaviors from someone who claims that he or she believes and loves the Lord. Really? You shake your head. How can a person claim to love Christ when he or she doesn't listen to him, attempt to follow his precepts, or do anything to uplift, encourage, edify or rebuke brothers and sisters wayward in the faith? Rather, he or she criticizes the messenger, builds up a defense, and finds fault with those God has appointed to convict one's spirit. If you have ever been hurt by those who love you since walking with the Lord, then this book is a must-read! It's time to break free from relatives, friends, acquaintances and others who are hindering your walk with the Lord no matter the title, association, or what contributions they have made to your life in the past. Be renewed, find your strength in the Lord and know who your enemies are! In the book, Know Your Enemy: The Christian's Critic you will gain: further insight in determining friends from foes, identifying Satan's manipulative strategies, what to do when the critic attacks, and other useful information. We are told in the Bible to love an enemy, but how can you love someone who is permitting his or herself to be used by the devil? This book will help you get to know your enemies from a spiritual perspective.Allow this book to help you deal with the challenges you may face from the enemy's name-calling to debating. Stay humbled with lessons learned from the past. This book provides biblical scriptures to help you stand even when our adversary tempts us, yet again, to fall away from our Lord.

How Statesmen Think

How Statesmen Think

The Psychology of International Politics

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885337
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9411
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Robert Jervis has been a pioneering leader in the study of the psychology of international politics for more than four decades. How Statesmen Think presents his most important ideas on the subject from across his career. This collection of revised and updated essays applies, elaborates, and modifies his pathbreaking work. The result is an indispensable book for students and scholars of international relations. How Statesmen Think demonstrates that expectations and political and psychological needs are the major drivers of perceptions in international politics, as well as in other arenas. Drawing on the increasing attention psychology is paying to emotions, the book discusses how emotional needs help structure beliefs. It also shows how decision-makers use multiple shortcuts to seek and process information when making foreign policy and national security judgments. For example, the desire to conserve cognitive resources can cause decision-makers to look at misleading indicators of military strength, and psychological pressures can lead them to run particularly high risks. The book also looks at how deterrent threats and counterpart promises often fail because they are misperceived. How Statesmen Think examines how these processes play out in many situations that arise in foreign and security policy, including the threat of inadvertent war, the development of domino beliefs, the formation and role of national identities, and conflicts between intelligence organizations and policymakers.

The Master and His Emissary

The Master and His Emissary

The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World

  • Author: Iain McGilchrist
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 030014878X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 597
  • View: 4208
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Why is the brain divided? The difference between right and left hemispheres has been puzzled over for centuries. In a book of unprecedented scope, Iain McGilchrist draws on a vast body of recent brain research, illustrated with case histories, to reveal that the difference is profound—not just this or that function, but two whole, coherent, but incompatible ways of experiencing the world. The left hemisphere is detail oriented, prefers mechanisms to living things, and is inclined to self-interest, where the right hemisphere has greater breadth, flexibility, and generosity. This division helps explain the origins of music and language, and casts new light on the history of philosophy, as well as on some mental illnesses. In the second part of the book, McGilchrist takes the reader on a journey through the history of Western culture, illustrating the tension between these two worlds as revealed in the thought and belief of thinkers and artists, from Aeschylus to Magritte. He argues that, despite its inferior grasp of reality, the left hemisphere is increasingly taking precedence in the modern world, with potentially disastrous consequences. This is truly a tour de force that should excite interest in a wide readership.

The Book of Five Rings

The Book of Five Rings

  • Author: Musashi Miyamoto
  • Publisher: Booklassic
  • ISBN: 9635243979
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 31
  • View: 9888
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Miyamoto Musashi's Go Rin no Sho or the book of five rings,is considered a classic treatise on military strategy, much like Sun Tzu's The Art of War and Chanakya's Arthashastra. The five "books" refer to the idea that there are different elements of battle, just as there are different physical elements in life, as described by Buddhism, Shinto, and other Eastern religions. Through the book Musashi defends his thesis: a man who conquers himself is ready to take it on on the world, should need arise.

The Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Book of Mormon
  • Page: 571
  • View: 5340
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The 33 Strategies Of War

The 33 Strategies Of War

  • Author: Robert Greene
  • Publisher: Profile Books
  • ISBN: 1847651429
  • Category: Self-Help
  • Page: 496
  • View: 1521
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The third in Robert Greene's bestselling series is now available in a pocket sized concise edition. Following 48 Laws of Power and The Art of Seduction, here is a brilliant distillation of the strategies of war to help you wage triumphant battles everyday. Spanning world civilisations, and synthesising dozens of political, philosophical, and religious texts, The Concise 33 Strategies of War is a guide to the subtle social game of everyday life. Based on profound and timeless lessons, it is abundantly illustrated with examples of the genius and folly of everyone from Napoleon to Margaret Thatcher and Hannibal to Ulysses S. Grant, as well as diplomats, captains of industry and Samurai swordsmen.

The 48 Laws Of Power

The 48 Laws Of Power

  • Author: Robert Greene
  • Publisher: Profile Books
  • ISBN: 1847651348
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 463
  • View: 8441
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'Machiavelli has a new rival, and Sun-tzu had better watch his back' - New York Times Robert Greene's laws are now famous: Law 1: Never outshine the master. Law 2: Never put too much trust in friends; learn how to use enemies. Law 3: Conceal your intentions. Law 4: Always say less than necessary. At work, in relationships, on the street or on the 6 o'clock News: the 48 Laws apply everywhere. For anyone with an interest in conquest, self-defence, wealth, power or simply being an educated spectator, The 48 Laws of Power is one of the most useful and entertaining books ever; it 'teaches you how to cheat, dissemble, feign, fight and advance your cause in the modern world.' (Independent on Sunday). Robert Greene will teach you the distilled wisdom of the masters - illustrated through the tactics, triumphs and failures from Elizabeth I to Henry Kissinger on how to get to the top and stay there. Wry, ironic and clever, this is an indispensable and witty guide to power. The perfect gift book for the power-hungry (and who doesn't want power?); this is the Concise Edition of an international bestseller. From the internationally bestselling author of Mastery, The Art Of Seduction, and The 33 Strategies Of War.

Model Rules of Professional Conduct

Model Rules of Professional Conduct

  • Author: ABA Center for Professional Conduct
  • Publisher: American Bar Association
  • ISBN: 9781604425178
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 209
  • View: 3166
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The Model Rules of Professional Conduct offers timely information on lawyer ethics. The black-letter Rules of Professional Conduct are followed by numbered Comments that explain each Rule's purpose and provide suggestions for its practical application. The Rules help lawyers identify proper conduct in a variety of given situations, review those instances where discretionary action is possible, and define the nature of the lawyer's relationship with clients, colleagues, and the courts.