Search Results for "knowledge-and-action-knowledge-and-space"

Knowledge and Action

Knowledge and Action

  • Author: Peter Meusburger,Benno Werlen,Laura Suarsana
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331944588X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 300
  • View: 1743
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This volume explores interdependencies between knowledge, action, and space from different interdisciplinary perspectives. Some of the contributors discuss knowledge as a social construct based on collective action, while others look at knowledge as an individual capacity for action. The chapters contain theoretical frameworks as well as experimental outcomes. Readers will gain insight into key questions such as: How does knowledge function as a prerequisite for action? Why are knowledge gaps growing and not diminishing in a knowledge society? How much knowledge is necessary for action? How do various types of knowledge influence the steps from cognition to action? How do different representations of knowledge shape action? What impact have spatial conditions for the formation of knowledge? What is the relationship between social and geographical space? The contributors consider rationality in social and economic theories as well as in everyday life. Attention is also given to action theoretic approaches and rationality from the viewpoints of psychology, post-structuralism, and human geography, making this an attractive book for students, researchers and academics of various backgrounds. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Knowledge and Action

Knowledge and Action

  • Author: Dieter Frey,Heinz Mandl,Lutz von Rosenstiel
  • Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
  • ISBN: 1616762993
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 203
  • View: 3614
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Understanding the relationship between knowledge and action is vital, because without knowledge there is often no action and because knowledge can strongly influence actions. However, there is often considerable inconsistency between knowledge and action, and the research available on this relationship is not widely known. This intriguing volume provides help, by summarizing the findings of the research group “Knowledge and Action,” which was funded by the German Science Foundation and includes leading scholars from relevant areas such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, work and organizational psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology.The chapters included in this book therefore examine the action-relevant function of knowledge in different areas, as well as investigating the effects that the acquisition of knowledge has on action in certain fields.

Mobilities of Knowledge

Mobilities of Knowledge

  • Author: Heike Jöns,Peter Meusburger,Michael Heffernan
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319446541
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 4841
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This collection of essays examines how spatial mobilities of people and practices, technologies and objects, knowledge and ideas have shaped the production, circulation, and transfer of knowledge in different historical and geographical contexts. Targeting an interdisciplinary audience, Mobilities of Knowledge combines detailed empirical analyses with innovative conceptual approaches. The first part scrutinizes knowledge circulation, transfer, and adaption, focussing on the interpersonal communication process, early techniques of papermaking, a geographical text, indigenous knowledge in exploration, the genealogy of spatial analysis, and different disciplinary knowledges about the formation of cities, states, and agriculture. The second part analyses the interplay of mediators, networks, and learning by studying academic careers, travels, and collaborations within the British Empire, public internationalism in Geneva, the global transfer of corporate knowledge through expatriation, graduate mobility from the global south to the global north, and the international mobility of degree programs in higher education.This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Clashes of Knowledge

Clashes of Knowledge

Orthodoxies and Heterodoxies in Science and Religion

  • Author: Peter Meusburger,Michael Welker,Edgar Wunder
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402055553
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 7016
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Do traditional distinctions between "belief" and "knowledge" still make sense? How are differences between knowledge and belief understood in different cultural contexts? This book explores conflicts between various types of knowledge, especially between orthodox and heterodox knowledge systems, ranging from religious fundamentalism to heresies within the scientific community itself. Beyond addressing many fields in the academy, the book discusses learned individuals interested in the often puzzling spatial and cultural disparities of knowledge and clashes of knowledge.

Ethnic and Cultural Dimensions of Knowledge

Ethnic and Cultural Dimensions of Knowledge

  • Author: Peter Meusburger,Tim Freytag,Laura Suarsana
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319219006
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6333
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This book presents theoretical and methodical discussions on local knowledge and indigenous knowledge. It examines educational attainment of ethnic minorities, race and politics in educational systems, and the problem of losing indigenous knowledge. It comprises a broad range of case studies about specifics of local knowledge from several regions of the world, reflecting the interdependence of norms, tradition, ethnic and cultural identities, and knowledge. The contributors explore gaps between knowledge and agency, address questions of the social distribution of knowledge, consider its relation to communal activities, and inquire into the relation and intersection of knowledge assemblages at local, national, and global scales. The book highlights the relevance of local and indigenous knowledge and discusses implications for educational and developmental politics. It provides ideas and a cross-disciplinary scientific background for scholars, students, and professionals including NGO activists, and policy-makers.

Simulation and Knowledge of Action

Simulation and Knowledge of Action

  • Author: Jérôme Dokic,Joëlle Proust
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN: 9789027251701
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 269
  • View: 7356
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The current debate between theory theory and simulation theory on the nature of mentalisation has reached no consensus yet, although many now think that some hybrid theory is needed. This collection of essays represents an effort at re-evaluating the scope of simulation theory, while also considering areas in which it could be submitted to experimental tests. The volume explores the two main versions of simulation theory, Goldman s introspectionism and Gordon s radical simulationism, and enquires whether they allow a non-circular account of mentalisation. The originality of the volume is to confront conceptual views on simulation with data from pragmatics, developmental psychology and the neurosciences. Individual chapters contain discussions of specific issues such as autism, imitation, motor imagery, conditional reasoning, joint attention and the understanding of demonstratives. It will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in the philosophy of mind, language and action, but also to everyone interested in the nature of interpretation and communication. (Series B)

Knowledge, Space, Economy

Knowledge, Space, Economy

  • Author: John Bryson,Peter Daniels,Nick Henry,Jane Pollard
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134656777
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3128
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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Legal Knowledge and Information Systems

Legal Knowledge and Information Systems

JURIX 2003 : the Sixteenth Annual Conference

  • Author: Danièle Bourcier
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 9781586033989
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 187
  • View: 6100
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The range of topics addressed in this volume is broader than in previous JURIX volumes. All the main legal functions are covered: legal drafting, legal negotiating, legal decision making and legal argumentation. The traditional tools in AI have been greatly improved: expert systems interfaces become more friendly by using procedure maps. Generally speaking, progress has been made in process design for various legal tasks: to evaluate infringement and to implement e-governance models. Legal retrieval systems have shifted to the web and the recurrent question of legal language has become crucial in the building of the semantic web. Theoretical aspects of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and law continue to be explored and modelling is the new way of making legal theory. Legal theorists continue to renew their concerns in logical aspects of legal reasoning and more and more AI and Law projects are interested in legal theory.

Realising Systems Thinking: Knowledge and Action in Management Science

Realising Systems Thinking: Knowledge and Action in Management Science

  • Author: John Mingers
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 038729841X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 312
  • View: 371
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This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.

Space, Knowledge and Power

Space, Knowledge and Power

Foucault and Geography

  • Author: Professor Stuart Elden,Dr Jeremy W Crampton
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409487296
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 390
  • View: 9458
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The first to engage Foucault’s geographies in detail from a wide range of perspectives, this book is framed around his discussions with the journal Hérodote in the mid 1970s. The contributors (including a number of key figures such as David Harvey, Chris Philo, Sara Mills, Nigel Thrift, John Agnew, Thomas Flynn and Matthew Hannah) discuss just what they find valuable – and frustrating – about Foucault’s geographies. This is a book which will both surprise and challenge.

Creative Space

Creative Space

Models of Creative Processes for the Knowledge Civilization Age

  • Author: Andrzej P. Wierzbicki,Yoshiteru Nakamori
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540284581
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5707
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Creative Space summarizes and integrates the various up-to-date approaches of computational intelligence to knowledge and technology creation including the specific novel feature of utilizing the creative abilities of the human mind, such as tacit knowledge, emotions and instincts, and intuition. It analyzes several important approaches of this new paradigm such as the Shinayakana Systems Approach, the organizational knowledge creation theory, in particular SECI Spiral, and the Rational Theory of Intuition – resulting in the concept of Creative Space. This monograph presents and analyzes in detail this new concept together with its ontology – the list and meanings of the analyzed nodes of this space and of the character of transitions linking these nodes.

Geopolitics of the Knowledge-Based Economy

Geopolitics of the Knowledge-Based Economy

  • Author: Sami Moisio
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317587766
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 182
  • View: 6633
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We live in the era of the knowledge-based economy, and this has major implications for the ways in which states, cities and even supranational political units are spatially planned, governed and developed. In this book, Sami Moisio delves deeply into the links between the knowledge-based economy and geopolitics, examining a wide range of themes, including city geopolitics and the university as a geopolitical site. Overall, this work shows that knowledge-based "economization" can be understood as a geopolitical process that produces territories of wealth, security, power and belonging. This book will prove enlightening to students, researchers and policymakers in the fields of human geography, urban studies, spatial planning, political science and international relations.

Globalization, Knowledge and Labour

Globalization, Knowledge and Labour

Education for Solidarity within Spaces of Resistance

  • Author: Mario Novelli,Anibel Ferus-Comelo
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113520294X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 8079
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This book begins from the central premise that progressive social change requires collective struggle underpinned by a clear strategy, and that processes of neoliberal globalisation have altered the cartography upon which social struggle takes place. Drawing on insights from the knowledge production processes of labour movements around the world, this research seeks to highlight the central importance of knowledge production and processes of learning within social movements. Providing both a comprehensive theoretical and empirical introduction to the relationship between globalisation, knowledge and social movement strategy, the authors contend that the production and dissemination of alternative knowledge is central to a resurgence of working-class power. By presenting a wide range of case-studies, the book highlights the centrality of knowledge production and circulation processes to the potential expansion and revitalization of the role of civil society in the promotion of social democracy. The chapter contributors include activist-scholars, whose work represents a broad perspective on ‘labour’ including the unemployed, the self-employed at the margins of the labour market, the unorganized, and those who work in the informal economy. Delivering work which is at once theoretically rich and yet empirically informed, this work will be of interest to students and scholars from a range of disciplines including International Relations, Development Studies, Critical Labour and Social Movement Studies, and Education. It will also be of relevance to activists and practitioners engaged in strategy development and education in various social movements.

Knowledge and Critical Pedagogy

Knowledge and Critical Pedagogy

An Introduction

  • Author: Joe L. Kincheloe
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 140208224X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 275
  • View: 3733
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In a globalized neo-colonial world an insidious and often debilitating crisis of knowledge not only continues to undermine the quality of research produced by scholars but to also perpetuate a neo-colonial and oppressive socio-cultural, political economic, and educational system. The lack of attention such issues receive in pedagogical institutions around the world undermines the value of education and its role as a force of social justice. In this context these knowledge issues become a central concern of critical pedagogy. As a mode of education that is dedicated to a rigorous form of knowledge work, teachers and students as knowledge producers, anti-oppressive educational and social practices, and diverse perspectives from multiple social locations, critical pedagogy views dominant knowledge policies as a direct assault on its goals. Knowledge and Critical Pedagogy: An Introduction takes scholars through a critical review of the issues facing researchers and educators in the last years of the first decade of the twenty-first century. Refusing to assume the reader’s familiarity with such issues but concurrently rebuffing the tendency to dumb down such complex issues, the book serves as an excellent introduction to one of the most important and complicated issues of our time.

Agency and Knowledge in Northeast India

Agency and Knowledge in Northeast India

The Life and Landscapes of Dreams

  • Author: Michael Heneise
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351065041
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 172
  • View: 2285
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The Nagas of Northeast India give great importance to dreams as sources of divine knowledge, especially knowledge about the future. Although British colonialism, Christian missions, and political conflict have resulted in sweeping cultural and political transformations in the Indo-Myanmar borderlands, dream sharing and interpretation remain important avenues for negotiating everyday uncertainty and unpredictability. This book explores the relationship between dreams and agency through ethnographic fieldwork among the Angami Nagas. It tackles questions such as: What is dreaming? What does it mean to say ‘I had a dream’? And how do night-time dreams relate to political and social actions in waking moments? Michael Heneise shows how the Angami glean knowledge from signs, gain insight from ancestors, and potentially obtain divine blessing. Advancing the notion that dreams and dreaming can be studied as indices of relational, devotional, and political subjectivities, the author demonstrates that their examination can illuminate the ways in which, as forms of authoritative knowledge, they influence daily life, and also how they figure in the negotiation of day-to-day domestic and public interactions. Moreover, dream narration itself can involve techniques of ‘interference’ in which the dreamer seeks to limit or encourage the powerful influence of social ‘others’ encountered in dreams, such as ancestors, spirits, or the divine. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this book advances research on dreams by conceptualising how the ‘social’ encompasses the broader, co-extensive set of relations and experiences - especially with spirit entities - reflected in the ethnography of dreams. It will be of interest to those studying Northeast India, indigenous religion and culture, indigenous cosmopolitics in tribal India more generally, and the anthropology of dreams and dreaming.

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education

Innovation, Knowledgeable Action and Actionable Knowledge

  • Author: Lina Markauskaite,Peter Goodyear
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9400743696
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 636
  • View: 4143
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This book, by combining sociocultural, material, cognitive and embodied perspectives on human knowing, offers a new and powerful conceptualisation of epistemic fluency – a capacity that underpins knowledgeable professional action and innovation. Using results from empirical studies of professional education programs, the book sheds light on practical ways in which the development of epistemic fluency can be recognised and supported - in higher education and in the transition to work. The book provides a broader and deeper conception of epistemic fluency than previously available in the literature. Epistemic fluency involves a set of capabilities that allow people to recognize and participate in different ways of knowing. Such people are adept at combining different kinds of specialised and context-dependent knowledge and at reconfiguring their work environment to see problems and solutions anew. In practical terms, the book addresses the following kinds of questions. What does it take to be a productive member of a multidisciplinary team working on a complex problem? What enables a person to integrate different types and fields of knowledge, indeed different ways of knowing, in order to make some well-founded decisions and take actions in the world? What personal knowledge resources are entailed in analysing a problem and describing an innovative solution, such that the innovation can be shared in an organization or professional community? How do people get better at these things; and how can teachers in higher education help students develop these valued capacities? The answers to these questions are central to a thorough understanding of what it means to become an effective knowledge worker and resourceful professional.

Being Alive

Being Alive

Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description

  • Author: Tim Ingold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136735429
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5021
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Anthropology is a disciplined inquiry into the conditions and potentials of human life. Generations of theorists, however, have expunged life from their accounts, treating it as the mere output of patterns, codes, structures or systems variously defined as genetic or cultural, natural or social. Building on his classic work The Perception of the Environment, Tim Ingold sets out to restore life to where it should belong, at the heart of anthropological concern. Being Alive ranges over such themes as the vitality of materials, what it means to make things, the perception and formation of the ground, the mingling of earth and sky in the weather-world, the experiences of light, sound and feeling, the role of storytelling in the integration of knowledge, and the potential of drawing to unite observation and description. Our humanity, Ingold argues, does not come ready-made but is continually fashioned in our movements along ways of life. Starting from the idea of life as a process of wayfaring, Ingold presents a radically new understanding of movement, knowledge and description as dimensions not just of being in the world, but of being alive to what is going on there.

Shaping Knowledge

Shaping Knowledge

Complex Socio-Spatial Modelling for Adaptive Organizations

  • Author: Jamie O’Brien
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1780634323
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 284
  • View: 7352
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Organizations in ever-changing environments depend upon their knowledge, as their survival depends upon effective thinking and agile actions. Any organization’s knowledge is its prime asset yet its true value requires the activations of structure, query, search and decision. Shaping Knowledge provides an introduction to the key tools for thinking required by decision-making professionals in today’s knowledge-intensive landscapes, and equips them with key skills to capitalize on knowledge resources. This book provides practical methods and critical insights for modelling knowledge-driven domains, providing a rich resource for exploration in professional development and practice. Applies high-level theory work to an engineering domain Proposes a novel approach to spatial, urban and interaction design Brings a rare inter-disciplinary perspective to a convergent technology

Power, Knowledge and Feminist Scholarship

Power, Knowledge and Feminist Scholarship

An Ethnography of Academia

  • Author: Maria do Mar Pereira
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131743367X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 4534
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Feminist scholarship is sometimes dismissed as not quite ‘proper’ knowledge – it’s too political or subjective, many argue. But what are the boundaries of ‘proper’ knowledge? Who defines them, and how are they changing? How do feminists negotiate them? And how does this boundary-work affect women’s and gender studies, and its scholars’ and students’ lives? These are the questions tackled by this ground-breaking ethnography of academia inspired by feminist epistemology, Foucault, and science and technology studies. Drawing on data collected over a decade in Portugal and the UK, US and Scandinavia, this title explores different spaces of academic work and sociability, considering both official discourse and ‘corridor talk’. It links epistemic negotiations to the shifting political economy of academic labour, and situates the smallest (but fiercest) departmental negotiations within global relations of unequal academic exchange. Through these links, this timely volume also raises urgent questions about the current state and status of gender studies and the mood of contemporary academia. Indeed, its sobering, yet uplifting, discussion of that mood offers fresh insight into what it means to produce feminist work within neoliberal cultures of academic performativity, demanding increasing productivity. As the first book to analyse how academics talk (publicly or in off-the-record humour) about feminist scholarship, Power, Knowledge and Feminist Scholarship is essential reading for scholars and students in gender studies, LGBTQ studies, post-colonial studies, STS, sociology and education.