Search Results for "knowledge-and-power-in-collaborative-research"

Knowledge and Power in Collaborative Research

Knowledge and Power in Collaborative Research

A Reflexive Approach

  • Author: Louise Phillips,Marianne Kristiansen,Marja Vehviläinen,Ewa Gunnarsson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136186700
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 314
  • View: 3504
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Collaborative research embraces a multiplicity of practices in which social actors are invited to participate in the research process as co-producers of knowledge. But what is actually meant by “co-production” in collaborative research? Knowledge and Power in Collaborative Research presents a range of critical, reflexive strategies for understanding and tackling the challenges emanating from the tensions that arise in the meeting between different participants, knowledge forms and knowledge interests. The chapters anchor discussion of ethical, epistemological and methodological questions in sustained empirical analyses of cases of collaborative knowledge production. The book covers diverse theoretical approaches such as dialogic communication theory, actor network theory, poststructuralist writing as inquiry, institutional ethnography, dialogic action research, and pragmatic action research. The empirical cases span a broad spectrum of empirical fields of social practice: health services, organisational change, research, science communication, environmental communication in intermediary NGOs, participatory governance in relation to urban planning, and digital communication and virtual worlds.

Action Research for Democracy

Action Research for Democracy

New Ideas and Perspectives from Scandinavia

  • Author: Ewa Gunnarsson,Hans Peter Hansen,Birger Steen Nielsen,Nadarajah Sriskandarajah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317335449
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 2217
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Contemporary society encounters profound economical, socio-ecological and political crises challenging the democratic foundation of our societies. This book addresses the potentials and challenges for Action Research supporting democratic alternatives. It offers a broad spectrum of examples from Scandinavian Action Research showing different openings towards democratic development. The book’s first part contributes with a wide range of examples such as Action Research in relation to the Triple Helix/Mode II contexts, to design as a democratic process, to renewal of welfare work and public institutions, to innovation policies combining Action Research with gender science. In the second part of the book epistemological and ontological dimensions of Action Research are discussed addressing questions of validity criteria related to Action Research, the transformation of knowledge institutions and the specific character of creativity in Action Research. The book offers a basis for theoretical as well as practical oriented discussions and critical reflections within the field of Action Research and related research orientations, involving a wide range of actors.

Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge

Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge

New Essays

  • Author: Thomas Boyer-Kassem,Michael Weisberg,Conor Mayo-Wilson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190680539
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 232
  • View: 4475
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Descartes once argued that, with sufficient effort and skill, a single scientist could uncover fundamental truths about our world. Contemporary science proves the limits of this claim. From synthesizing the human genome to predicting the effects of climate change, some current scientific research requires the collaboration of hundreds (if not thousands) of scientists with various specializations. Additionally, the majority of published scientific research is now co-authored, including more than 80% of articles in the natural sciences, meaning small collaborative teams have become the norm in science. This volume is the first to address critical philosophical questions regarding how collective scientific research could be organized differently and how it should be organized. For example, should scientists be required to share knowledge with competing research teams? How can universities and grant-giving institutions promote successful collaborations? When hundreds of researchers contribute to a discovery, how should credit be assigned - and can minorities expect a fair share? When collaborative work contains significant errors or fraudulent data, who deserves blame? In this collection of essays, leading philosophers of science address these critical questions, among others. Their work extends current philosophical research on the social structure of science and contributes to the growing, interdisciplinary field of social epistemology. The volume's strength lies in the diversity of its authors' methodologies. Employing detailed case studies of scientific practice, mathematical models of scientific communities, and rigorous conceptual analysis, contributors to this volume study scientific groups of all kinds, including small labs, peer-review boards, and large international collaborations like those in climate science and particle physics.

Science and Democracy

Science and Democracy

Making Knowledge and Making Power in the Biosciences and Beyond

  • Author: Stephen Hilgartner,Clark Miller,Rob Hagendijk
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136748202
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 5275
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In the life sciences and beyond, new developments in science and technology and the creation of new social orders go hand in hand. In short, science and society are simultaneously and reciprocally coproduced and changed. Scientific research not only produces new knowledge and technological systems but also constitutes new forms of expertise and contributes to the emergence of new modes of living and new forms of exchange. These dynamic processes are tightly connected to significant redistributions of wealth and power, and they sometimes threaten and sometimes enhance democracy. Understanding these phenomena poses important intellectual and normative challenges: neither traditional social sciences nor prevailing modes of democratic governance have fully grappled with the deep and growing significance of knowledge-making in twenty-first century politics and markets. Building on new work in science and technology studies (STS), this book advances the systematic analysis of the coproduction of knowledge and power in contemporary societies. Using case studies in the new life sciences, supplemented with cases on informatics and other topics such as climate science, this book presents a theoretical framing of coproduction processes while also providing detailed empirical analyses and nuanced comparative work. Science and Democracy: Knowledge as Wealth and Power in the Biosciences and Beyond will be interesting for students of sociology, science & technology studies, history of science, genetics, political science, and public administration.

Social Research Methods in Dementia Studies

Social Research Methods in Dementia Studies

Inclusion and Innovation

  • Author: John Keady,Lars-Christer Hydén,Ann Johnson,Caroline Swarbrick
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315517477
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 1508
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Traditionally, the most preferred social research methods in dementia studies have been interviews, focus groups and non-participant observations. Most of these methods have been used for a long time by researchers in other social research fields, but their application to the field of dementia studies is a relatively new phenomenon. A ground-breaking book, Social Research Methods in Dementia Studies shows researchers how to adapt their methods of data collection to address the individual needs of someone who is living with dementia. With an editorial team that includes Ann Johnson, a trained nurse and person living with dementia, this enlightening volume mainly draws its contents from two interdisciplinary social research teams in dementia, namely the Center for Dementia Research [CEDER] at Linköping University in Norrköping, Sweden and the Dementia and Ageing Research Team [DART] at The University of Manchester in Manchester, UK. Case examples are shared in each of the main chapters to help ground the social research method(s) in a real-life context and provide direction as to how learning can be applied to other settings. Chapters also contain key references and recommended reading. This volume will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as postdoctoral researchers, interested in fields such as: Research Methods, Qualitative Methods and Dementia Studies.

Video Methods

Video Methods

Social Science Research in Motion

  • Author: Charlotte Bates
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317859766
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 246
  • View: 6332
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This interdisciplinary collection provides a set of innovative and inventive approaches to the use of video as a research method. Building on the development of visual methods across the social sciences, it highlights a range of possibilities for making and working with video data. The collection showcases different video methods, including video diaries, video go-alongs, time-lapse video, mobile devices, multi-angle video recording, video ethnography, and ethnographic documentary. Each method is presented through a case study, showing how it can be used in practice. The authors offer pragmatic advice and discuss practical issues, including equipment, techniques and skills, analysis, and presentation. They also show how video methods can be used in a range of different contexts – at train stations, on bicycles, in schools, outdoors, and in museums – to investigate worlds that are visible, audible, tangible, and in motion. In doing so, they illuminate the theoretical possibilities that video methods offer for researching the body, identity, everyday life, affect, time, and space.

Qualitative Research as Stepwise-Deductive Induction

Qualitative Research as Stepwise-Deductive Induction

  • Author: Aksel Tjora
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351396951
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 172
  • View: 8168
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This book provides thorough guidance on various forms of data generation and analysis, presenting a model for the research process in which detailed data analysis and generalization through the development of concepts are central. Based on an inductive principle, which begins with raw data and moves towards concepts or theories through incremental deductive feedback loops, the ‘stepwise-deductive induction’ approach advanced by the author focuses on the analysis phase in research. Concentrating on creativity, structuring of analytical work, and collaborative development of generic knowledge, it seeks to enable researchers to extend their insight of a subject area without having personally to study all the data generated throughout a project. A constructive alternative to Grounded Theory, the approach advanced here is centred on qualitative research that aims at developing concepts, models, or theories on basis of a gradual paradigm to reduce complexity. As such, it will appeal to scholars and students across the social sciences with interests in methods and the analysis of qualitative data of various kinds.

Higher Education and Capacity Building in Africa

Higher Education and Capacity Building in Africa

The geography and power of knowledge under changing conditions

  • Author: Hanne Kirstine Adriansen,Lene Møller Madsen,Stig Jensen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131756152X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 262
  • View: 8683
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Higher education has recently been recognized as a key driver for societal growth in the Global South and capacity building of African universities is now widely included in donor policies. The question is; how do capacity building projects affect African universities, researchers and students? Universities and their scientific knowledges are often seen to have universal qualities; therefore, capacity building may appear straight forward. Higher Education and Capacity Building in Africa contests such universalistic notions. Inspired by ideas about the ‘geography of scientific knowledge’ it explores what role specific places and relationships have in knowledge production, and analyses how cultural experiences are included and excluded in teaching and research. Thus, the different chapters show how what constitutes legitimate scientific knowledge is negotiated and contested. In doing so, the chapters draw on discussions about the hegemony of Western thought in education and knowledge production. The authors’ own experiences with higher education capacity building and knowledge production are discussed and used to contribute to the reflexive turn and rise of auto-ethnography. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and postgraduate students in education, development studies, African studies and human geography, as well as anthropology and history.

The Social Politics of Research Collaboration

The Social Politics of Research Collaboration

  • Author: Gabriele Griffin,Katarina Hamberg,Britta Lundgren
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135091706
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 3424
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The past two decades have seen an increasing emphasis on large and interdisciplinary research configurations such as research networks, and centers of excellence including those in Social Sciences and Humanities research. Little research has been undertaken, however, to understand how these new large research structures that are being called forth by research funders and research/higher education institutions alike function socially, and what the impact of operating within such structures is on those working within, and those working with, them. Past writers have discussed the "intra-agentic" operations of human researchers and the material laboratory environment in its broadest sense. This volume is concerned with the social politics of research collaboration in relation to six key positions: leaders of large research formations, leaders of sub-projects within large collaborations, participant researchers, junior and early career researchers, advisory board members, and those who look in from the outside such as researchers who are un-funded. It explores the mostly unacknowledged but critical aspect of social structures in research, discussing issues such as struggles over leadership styles, the marginalization of researchers working cross-disciplinarily, power hierarchies and intellectual ownership, and the silencing of dissent in research.

Collaborative Ethnography in Business Environments

Collaborative Ethnography in Business Environments

  • Author: Maryann McCabe
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315534568
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 138
  • View: 7617
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In a global and rapidly changing commercial environment, businesses increasingly use collaborative ethnographic research to understand what motivates their employees and what their customers value. In this volume, anthropologists, marketing professionals, computer scientists and others examine issues, challenges, and successes of ethnographic cooperation in the corporate world. The book argues that constant shifts in the global marketplace require increasing multidisciplinary and multicultural teamwork in consumer research and organizational culture; addresses the need of corporate ethnographers to be adept at reading and translating the social constructions of knowledge and power, in order to contribute to the team process of engaging research participants, clients and stakeholders; reveals the essentially dynamic process of collaborative ethnography; shows how multifunctional teams design and carry out research, communicate findings and implications for organizational objectives, and craft strategies to achieve those objectives to increase the vibrancy of economies, markets and employment rates worldwide.

Meta-Regulation in Practice

Meta-Regulation in Practice

Beyond Normative Views of Morality and Rationality

  • Author: F.C. Simon
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315308908
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2481
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Meta-regulation presents itself as a progressive policy approach that can manage complexity and conflicting objectives better than traditional command and control regulation. It does this by ‘harnessing’ markets and enlisting a broad range of stakeholders to reach a more inclusive view of the public interest that a self-regulating business can then respond to. Based on a seventeen year study of the Australian energy industry, and via the lens of Niklas Luhmann’s systems theory, Meta-Regulation in Practice argues that normative meta-regulatory theory relies on questionable assumptions of stakeholder morality and rationality. Meta-regulation in practice appears to be most challenged in a complex and contested environment; the very environment it is supposed to serve best. Contending that scholarship must prioritise an understanding of communicative possibilities in practice, this book will be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as postdoctoral researchers interested in subjects such as business regulation, systems theory and corporate social responsibility.

Collaborative Learning in Higher Music Education

Collaborative Learning in Higher Music Education

  • Author: Professor Heidi Westerlund,Dr Helena Gaunt
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409473066
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 302
  • View: 9150
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This edited collection brings together theoretical papers and case studies of practice in response to the challenge of becoming more conscious of the creative and multiple dimensions of social interaction in learning music, not least in the contemporary context of rapid change in the cultural industries and higher education as a whole.

Valuing Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research

Valuing Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research

Beyond Impact

  • Author: Facer, Keri,Pahl, Kate
  • Publisher: Policy Press
  • ISBN: 1447331605
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2756
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Universities are increasingly taking an active role as research collaborators with citizens, public bodies, and community organisations but they, their funders and institutions struggle to articulate the value of this work. This book addresses the key challenges in collaborative research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

The New ABCs of Research

The New ABCs of Research

Achieving Breakthrough Collaborations

  • Author: Ben Shneiderman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191076651
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3445
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The problems we face in the 21st century require innovative thinking from all of us. Be it students, academics, business researchers of government policy makers. Hopes for improving our healthcare, food supply, community safety and environmental sustainability depend on the pervasive application of research solutions. The research heroes who take on the immense problems of our time face bigger than ever challenges, but if they adopt potent guiding principles and effective research lifecycle strategies, they can produce the advances that will enhance the lives of many people. These inspirational research leaders will break free from traditional thinking, disciplinary boundaries, and narrow aspirations. They will be bold innovators and engaged collaborators, who are ready to lead, yet open to new ideas, self-confident, yet empathetic to others. In this book, Ben Shneiderman recognizes the unbounded nature of human creativity, the multiplicative power of teamwork, and the catalytic effects of innovation. He reports on the growing number of initiatives to promote more integrated approaches to research so as to promote the expansion of these efforts. It is meant as a guide to students and junior researchers, as well as a manifesto for senior researchers and policy makers, challenging widely-held beliefs about how applied innovations evolve and how basic breakthroughs are made, and helping to plot the course towards tomorrow's great advancements.

Collaborative Governance Regimes

Collaborative Governance Regimes

  • Author: Kirk Emerson,Tina Nabatchi
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 1626162530
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 8856
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Whether the goal is building a local park or developing disaster response models, collaborative governance is changing the way public agencies at the local, regional, and national levels are working with each other and with key partners in the nonprofit and private sectors. While the academic literature has spawned numerous case studies and context- or policy-specific models for collaboration, the growth of these innovative collaborative governance systems has outpaced the scholarship needed to define it. Collaborative Governance Regimes breaks new conceptual and practical ground by presenting an integrative framework for working across boundaries to solve shared problems, a typology for understanding variations among collaborative governance regimes, and an approach for assessing both process and productivity performance. This book draws on diverse literatures and uses rich case illustrations to inform scholars and practitioners about collaborative governance regimes and to provide guidance for designing, managing, and studying such endeavors in the future. Collaborative Governance Regimes will be of special interest to scholars and researchers in public administration, public policy, and political science who want a framework for theory building, yet the book is also accessible enough for students and practitioners.

Advancing Digital Humanities

Advancing Digital Humanities

Research, Methods, Theories

  • Author: P. Arthur,K. Bode
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 113733701X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 339
  • View: 2538
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Advancing Digital Humanities moves beyond definition of this dynamic and fast growing field to show how its arguments, analyses, findings and theories are pioneering new directions in the humanities globally.

The Promise of Dialogue

The Promise of Dialogue

The Dialogic Turn in the Production and Communication of Knowledge

  • Author: Louise Phillips
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN: 9027210292
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 198
  • View: 2388
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Presents a theoretical framework for analysing the dialogic turn in the production and communication of knowledge that builds bridges across three research traditions - dialogic communication theory, action research, and science and technology studies. This title provides an account of the dialogic turn through case studies.

Co-Creating Tourism Research

Co-Creating Tourism Research

Towards Collaborative Ways of Knowing

  • Author: Carina Ren,Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson,René van der Duim
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315393204
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 188
  • View: 1315
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Co-creation has become a buzzword in many social science disciplines, in business and in tourism studies. Given the prominence of co-creation, surprisingly little discussion has evolved around its implications for research practices and knowledge production as well as what challenges there are for fulfilling the promise of co-creation in tourism research. This book aims to contribute to this discussion by addressing how tourism research comes together as a collaborative achievement and by exploring different ways of collaborative knowledge production in tourism research. It is structured to offer, on one hand, an introduction to the ontological basis for collaborative research and, on the other hand, a set of empirical examples of how collaborative knowledge creation can inform tourism design, management, policy and education. The theoretical accounts and empirical cases of this book display how research collaborations can offer modest, local yet often impactful insights, traces and effects. It therefore will be of value for students, researchers and academics in tourism studies as well as the wider social sciences.

Research and Knowledge at Work

Research and Knowledge at Work

Prospectives, Case-Studies and Innovative Strategies

  • Author: John Garrick,Carl Rhodes
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134613458
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4576
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This fascinating and controversial text makes sense of the complexities of research in the workplace and how 'working' knowledge is constructed. Featuring experts from Britain, Japan, North America and Australia, it is an outstanding contribution to the literature of Human Resource Management (HRM). It's interdisciplinary approach addresses key issues and debates such as: * the influences of new technology, language, power, culture and gender upon the 'construction' of knowledge * the impact of globalization * working knowledge into the 21st century * practice and performance implications. It's outlook, geared towards the 21st century, makes it essential reading for researchers, teachers and students within HRM, policy-makers and all those concerned with professional development.

Prostitution Research in Context

Prostitution Research in Context

Methodology, Representation and Power

  • Author: Marlene Spanger,May-Len Skilbrei
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317433556
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 375
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The starting point for this book is the question of how we research sex for sale and the implications of the choices we make in terms of epistemology and ethics. Which dilemmas and ethical aspects need to be taken into account when producing qualitative data within a highly politicised and moral-infected realm? These two questions are exactly what Spanger and Skilbrei aim to unpack in this unusual interdisciplinary methodology book, Prostitution Research in Context. The book offers contributions from a number of scholars who, based on their reflections on their own research practice and the existing knowledge field, discuss ongoing methodological issues and challenges representative of international research on sex for sale. Some chapters deal explicitly with methodological dilemmas in research; others thematise the encounter between prostitution research and general texts on epistemology. Other chapters again actively engage with the ethical dilemmas that research on the topic of sex for sale can entail. The authors represent different disciplines, but share an interest in engaging in reflexive research practices informed by feminism and feminist epistemologies. An authoritative contribution to the field, this innovative volume will appeal to international scholars and students from across the social sciences and humanities in areas such as sociology, anthropology, criminology, media studies, feminist studies, human geography and history.