Search Results for "legal-and-ethical-implications-of-drone-warfare"

Legal and Ethical Implications of Drone Warfare

Legal and Ethical Implications of Drone Warfare

  • Author: Michael J. Boyle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315473437
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 132
  • View: 3230
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Over the last decade, the U.S., UK Israel and other states have begun to use Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for military operations and for targeted killings in places like Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia. Worldwide, over 80 governments are developing their own drone programs, and even non-state actors such as the Islamic State have begun to experiment with drones. The speed of technological change and adaptation with drones is so rapid that it is outpacing the legal and ethical frameworks which govern the use of force. This volume brings together experts in law, ethics and political science to address how drone technology is slowly changing the rules and norms surrounding the use of force and enabling new, sometimes unprecedented, actions by states. It addresses some of the most crucial questions in the debate over drones today. Are drones a revolutionary form of technology that will transform warfare or is their effect merely hype? Can drone use on the battlefield be made wholly consistent with international law? How does drone technology begin to shift the norms governing the use of force? What new legal and ethical problems are presented by targeted killings outside of declared war zones? Should drones be considered a humane form of warfare? Finally, is it possible that drones could be a force for good in humanitarian disasters and peacekeeping missions in the near future? This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications

  • Author: David Cortright,Rachel Fairhurst,Kristen Wall
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022625805X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 295
  • View: 9856
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Presenting a robust conversation among leading scholars in the areas of international legal standards, counterterrorism strategy, humanitarian law, and the ethics of force, this book takes account of current American drone campaigns and the developing legal, ethical, and strategic implications of this new way of warfare.

Kill Decision

Kill Decision

  • Author: Daniel Suarez
  • Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
  • ISBN: 3644495718
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 496
  • View: 8462
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Sie leben nicht. Aber sie töten. Blutiger Drohnenangriff auf eine Pilgerstätte im Irak. Ein weiterer Angriff trifft eine kalifornische Universität. Die Biologin Linda McKinney ahnt nichts davon: Sie erforscht gerade eine besonders aggressive Spezies afrikanischer Ameisen, als sie mitten im Dschungel gekidnappt wird. Ihr Entführer heißt Odin, und er hat ihr offenbar das Leben gerettet. Wer sind die Mächte, die Lindas Forschungen zur Schwarmintelligenz unterdrücken wollen? Während sich in den USA grauenhafte Bombardements häufen und in den hintersten Winkeln des Planeten Millionen fliegender Tötungsmaschinen vom Band laufen, macht sich das Team um Odin und McKinney daran, die Menschheit vor der Vernichtung durch ihren eigenen technologischen Fortschritt zu retten ... Der neue Roman vom «Jules Verne des digitalen Zeitalters» (Frank Schirrmacher): visionär, verstörend, einzigartig. «Eine exemplarische Spitzenleistung eines kaum analysierten Genres. Übertreibung braucht Suarez kaum.» (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) «Mit diesem perfekten Mix aus nervenzerfetzender Spannung und verständlicher Wissenschaftlichkeit etabliert sich Daniel Suarez in diesem spannenden Thriller als der legitime Erbe von Michael Crichton.» (Publishers’ Weekly) «Ein souverän geschriebener Thriller, bei dem wir uns am Ende nicht fragen, ob diese Fiktion eines Tages Wirklichkeit wird, sondern wann.» (Kirkus Reviews) «Dieser Roman ist näher an der Wirklichkeit, als die meisten Menschen glauben.» (Wired)

Lethal and Legal?

Lethal and Legal?

The Ethics of Drone Strikes

  • Author: Shima D. Keene,Strategic Studies Institute,U. S. Army War College
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • ISBN: 9781329784628
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 66
  • View: 8756
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"While supporters claim that drone warfare is not only legal but ethical and wise, others have suggested that drones are prohibited weapons under International Humanitarian Law (IHL) because they cause, or have the effect of causing, indiscriminate killings of civilians, such as those in the vicinity of a targeted person. The main legal justification made by the Barack Obama Administration for the use of armed drones is self-defense. However, there is ambiguity as to whether this argument can justify a number of recent attacks by the United States. In order to determine the legality of armed drone strikes, other factors such as sovereignty, proportionality, the legitimacy of individual targets, and the methods used for the selection of targets must also be considered. One justification for the ethical landscape is the reduced amount of collateral damage relative to other forms of strike. Real time eyes on target allow last-minute decisions and monitoring for unintended victims, and precise tracking of the target through multiple systems allows further refinements of proportionality. However, this is of little benefit if the definition of 'targets' is itself flawed and encompasses noncombatants and unconnected civilians. This monograph provides a number of specific recommendations intended to ensure that the benefits of drone warfare are weighed against medium- and long-term second order effects in order to measure whether targeted killings are serving their intended purpose of countering terrorism rather than encouraging and fueling it"--Publisher's web site.

von Arnauld, Völkerrecht

von Arnauld, Völkerrecht

  • Author: Andreas von Arnauld
  • Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH
  • ISBN: 3811443224
  • Category:
  • Page: 653
  • View: 5276
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Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict

Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict

  • Author: Rain Liivoja,Tim McCormack
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136028803
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 665
  • View: 2595
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The law of armed conflict is a key element of the global legal order yet it finds itself in a state of flux created by the changing nature of warfare and the influences of other branches of international law. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a unique perspective on the field covering all the key aspects of the law as well as identifying developing and often contentious areas of interest. The handbook will feature original pieces by international experts in the field, including academics, staff of relevant NGOs and (former) members of the armed forces. Made up of six parts in order to offer a comprehensive overview of the field, the structure of the handbook is as follows: Part I: Fundamentals Part II: Principle of distinction Part III: Means and methods of warfare Part IV: Special protection regimes Part V: Compliance and enforcement Part VI: Some contemporary issues Throughout the book, attention is paid to non-international conflicts as well as international conflicts with acknowledgement of the differences. The contributors also consider the relationship between the law of armed conflict and human rights law, looking at how the various rules and principles of human rights law interact with specific rules and principles of international humanitarian law in particular circumstances. The Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict provides a fresh take on the contemporary laws of war and is written for advanced level students, academics, researchers, NGOs and policy-makers with an interest in the field.

Erklärte Kriege - Kriegserklärungen

Erklärte Kriege - Kriegserklärungen

  • Author: Michael Walzer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783434505624
  • Category:
  • Page: 195
  • View: 2217
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Drone Warfare

Drone Warfare

  • Author: John Kaag,Sarah Kreps
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745685358
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 1359
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2015 One of the most significant and controversial developments in contemporary warfare is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, commonly referred to as drones. In the last decade, US drone strikes have more than doubled and their deployment is transforming the way wars are fought across the globe. But how did drones claim such an important role in modern military planning? And how are they changing military strategy and the ethics of war and peace? What standards might effectively limit their use? Should there even be a limit? Drone warfare is the first book to engage fully with the political, legal, and ethical dimensions of UAVs. In it, political scientist Sarah Kreps and philosopher John Kaag discuss the extraordinary expansion of drone programs from the Cold War to the present day and their so-called 'effectiveness' in conflict zones. Analysing the political implications of drone technology for foreign and domestic policy as well as public opinion, the authors go on to examine the strategic position of the United States - by far the world's most prolific employer of drones - to argue that US military supremacy could be used to enshrine a new set of international agreements and treaties aimed at controlling the use of UAVs in the future.

Drone Warfare

Drone Warfare

Ethical Explorations

  • Author: Michelle Holloway
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781634851039
  • Category:
  • Page: 72
  • View: 9107
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With the increased use of armed drones has come closer scrutiny of the legal and ethical dimensions. In the first chapter of this book, the author makes an assessment of the lethal use of drone technologies, measured in terms of their legality, morality, and overall effectiveness. Armed unmanned aerial vehicles -- combat drones -- have fundamentally altered the ways the United States conducts military operations aimed at countering insurgent and terrorist organisations. Drones may reduce risks to human soldiers but the question arises as to whether they permit the initiation or escalation of conflict by promoting civic disengagement. The authors of the second chapter offer an analysis of the dimensions surrounding this argument.

The Future of Drone Use

The Future of Drone Use

Opportunities and Threats from Ethical and Legal Perspectives

  • Author: Bart Custers
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9462651329
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 386
  • View: 3433
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Given the popularity of drones and the fact that they are easy and cheap to buy, it is generally expected that the ubiquity of drones will significantly increase within the next few years. This raises questions as to what is technologically feasible (now and in the future), what is acceptable from an ethical point of view and what is allowed from a legal point of view. Drone technology is to some extent already available and to some extent still in development. The aim and scope of this book is to map the opportunities and threats associated with the use of drones and to discuss the ethical and legal issues of the use of drones. This book provides an overview of current drone technologies and applications and of what to expect in the next few years. The question of how to regulate the use of drones in the future is addressed, by considering conditions and contents of future drone legislation and by analyzing issues surrounding privacy and safeguards that can be taken. As such, this book is valuable to scholars in several disciplines, such as law, ethics, sociology, politics and public administration, as well as to practitioners and others who may be confronted with the use of drones in their work, such as professionals working in the military, law enforcement, disaster management and infrastructure management. Individuals and businesses with a specific interest in drone use may also find in the nineteen contributions contained in this volume unexpected perspectives on this new field of research and innovation. Bart Custers is Associate Professor and Head of Research at eLaw, the Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, The Netherlands. He has presented his work at international conferences in the United States, China, Japan, the Middle East and throughout Europe and has published over 80 scientific, professional and popularizing publications, including three books.

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Military virtue in a post-heroic age

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136261214
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 6302
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This book assesses the ethical implications of using armed unmanned aerial vehicles (‘hunter-killer drones’) in contemporary conflicts. The American way of war is trending away from the heroic and towards the post-heroic, driven by a political preference for air-powered management of strategic risks and the reduction of physical risk to US personnel. The recent use of drones in the War on Terror has demonstrated the power of this technology to transcend time and space, but there has been relatively little debate in the United States and elsewhere over the embrace of what might be regarded as politically desirable and yet morally worrisome: risk-free killing. Arguably, the absence of a relationship of mutual risk between putative combatants poses a fundamental challenge to the status of war as something morally distinguishable from other forms of violence, and it also undermines the professional virtue of the warrior as a courageous risk-taker. This book considers the use of armed drones in the light of ethical principles that are intended to guard against unjust increases in the incidence and lethality of armed conflict. The evidence and arguments presented indicate that, in some respects, the use of armed drones is to be welcomed as an ethically superior mode of warfare. Over time, however, their continued and increased use is likely to generate more challenges than solutions, and perhaps do more harm than good. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, airpower, counter-terrorism, strategic studies and security studies in general.

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Legal and Socio-political Aspects

  • Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134074344
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 257
  • View: 2612
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention

Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention

Strategic, Ethico-Legal and Decisional Implications

  • Author: Mike Aaronson,Wali Aslam,Tom Dyson,Regina Rauxloh
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317912942
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4122
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This book explores whether the new capabilities made possible by precision-strike technologies are reshaping approaches to international intervention. Since the end of the Cold War, US technological superiority has led to a more proactive and, some would argue, high risk approach to international military intervention. New technologies including the capacity to mount precision military strikes from high-level bombing campaigns and, more recently, the selective targeting of individuals from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have facilitated air campaigns, supported by Special Forces, without the commitment of large numbers of troops on the ground. Such campaigns include, for example, NATO’s high-level aerial bombardment of Milosevic’s forces in Kosovo in 1999 and of Gaddafi’s in Libya in 2011, and the US operation involving Special Forces against Osama Bin Laden. The development of UAVs and electronic data intercept technologies has further expanded the potential scope of interventions, for example against Islamic militants in the tribal areas of Pakistan. This volume examines three key and interrelated dimensions of these new precision-strike capabilities: (1) the strategic and foreign policy drivers and consequences; (2) the legal and moral implications of the new capabilities; and (3), the implications for decision-making at the strategic, operational and tactical levels. This book will be of much interest to students of war and technology, air power, international intervention, security studies and IR.

Drone Wars

Drone Wars

  • Author: Peter Bergen,Daniel Rothenberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107025567
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 496
  • View: 6899
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Drone Wars presents a series of essays that is a diverse and comprehensive interdisciplinary perspective on drones. It covers important debates on targeted killing and civilian casualties, presents key data on drone deployment, and offers new ideas on their historical development, significance, and impact on law and policy.

Law, Ethics, and the War on Terror

Law, Ethics, and the War on Terror

  • Author: Matthew Evangelista
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 0745641083
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 202
  • View: 9093
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In recent years the mass murder of thousands of innocent civilians by al Qaeda terrorists has plumbed the depths of criminality and immorality. Yet it is the response to those attacks, particularly by the United States, that has provoked widespread accusations that the anti–terrorist cure may be worse than the terrorist disease. This book explores the key legal and ethical controversies that arose in the wake of the brutal attacks of 11 September 2001. After the Cold War, progress in human rights and limitations on warfare created an impression that "global civil society" had emerged to challenge the dominance of states and establish new norms to guide their behavior. The events of 9/11, however, witnessed a reassertion of state prerogatives, reflected in challenges to the Geneva Conventions and the stigma against torture. Focusing on core debates about preventive war and the implications of targeted assassination, kidnapping, indefinite detention, and the torture of suspected terrorists, the book asks whether state practice will further undermine the very norms of international law and morality, or whether efforts to combat terrorism can be brought back into conformity with ethical and legal standards.

Exzession

Exzession

Roman

  • Author: Iain Banks
  • Publisher: Heyne Verlag
  • ISBN: 3641163773
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3673
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Eine Reise an die Grenzen des Vorstellbaren In einem entlegenen Sektor des Weltraums taucht eines Tages ein rätselhaftes Artefakt auf – eine riesige schwarze Kugel, die sich allen Kontaktversuchen verweigert. Messungen ergeben, dass das Objekt tausend Milliarden Jahre alt sein muss, älter also als unser Universum. Doch wie ist das möglich? Und wer oder was steckt dahinter?

Targeted Killings

Targeted Killings

Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World

  • Author: Claire Finkelstein,Jens David Ohlin,Andrew Altman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199646481
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 496
  • View: 9422
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The controversy surrounding targeted killings represents a crisis of conscience for policymakers, lawyers, philosophers and leading military experts grappling with the moral and legal limits of the war on terror. The book examines the legal and philosophical issues raised by government efforts to target suspected terrorists without giving them the safeguards of a fair trial.

Obamas Kriege

Obamas Kriege

Zerreißprobe einer Präsidentschaft

  • Author: Bob Woodward
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641090733
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 496
  • View: 4043
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BARACK OBAMA - Hoffnung, Aufbruch, Krisen, Alltag – Zeit für eine Zwischenbilanz Barack Obama begann seine Präsidentschaft als neuer Superstar der internationalen Politik, ersehnt von Menschen auf der ganzen Welt als Hoffnungsträger und Heilsbringer. Inzwischen ist er auf dem Boden der mühsamen Tagespolitik angekommen, bedrängt von ungelösten Konflikten in Nahost und Afghanistan und Krisen im eigenen Land. Wird er den Vorschusslorbeeren noch gerecht? Journalistenlegende Bob Woodward schafft es wie kein Zweiter in Washington, sich Zugang zu den brisanten Geheimnissen der Regierenden zu verschaffen. In seinem neuen Buch gibt er erstmals einen tiefen Einblick in die Arbeit des US-Präsidenten jenseits der offiziellen Kommunikation des Weißen Hauses. Schon bald muss sich Obama wieder dem Wahlkampf stellen, da kommt Woodwards spannend erzählte Zwischenbilanz, die vor allem auch den Außenpolitiker Obama in den Blick nimmt, zur rechten Zeit. • Das neue Buch des weltweit bekannten Bestsellerautors • Der erste Blick hinter die Kulissen der Obama-Regierung

Drones and Responsibility

Drones and Responsibility

Legal, Philosophical and Socio-Technical Perspectives on Remotely Controlled Weapons

  • Author: Ezio Di Nucci,Filippo Santoni de Sio
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317147782
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 217
  • View: 6968
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How does the use of military drones affect the legal, political, and moral responsibility of different actors involved in their deployment and design? This volume offers a fresh contribution to the ethics of drone warfare by providing, for the first time, a systematic interdisciplinary discussion of different responsibility issues raised by military drones. The book discusses four main sets of questions: First, from a legal point of view, we analyse the ways in which the use of drones makes the attribution of criminal responsibility to individuals for war crimes more complicated and what adjustments may be required in international criminal law and in military practices to avoid ’responsibility gaps’ in warfare. From a moral and political perspective, the volume looks at the conditions under which the use of military drones by states is impermissible, permissible, or even obligatory and what the responsibilities of a state in the use of drones towards both its citizens and potential targets are. From a socio-technical perspective, what kind of new human machine interaction might (and should) drones bring and which new kinds of shared agency and responsibility? Finally, we ask how the use of drones changes our conception of agency and responsibility. The book will be of interest to scholars and students in (military) ethics and to those in law, politics and the military involved in the design, deployment and evaluation of military drones.

Die Romanows

Die Romanows

Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613-1918

  • Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 310490152X
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 1032
  • View: 4223
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Simon Sebag Montefiore, Bestseller-Autor und Russland-Experte, schildert in seiner ebenso spannenden wie unterhaltsamen Biographie ›Die Romanows: Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613 - 1918‹ die sagenumwobene Dynastie, die Russland bis heute prägt. Wie kein anderes Adelsgeschlecht sind die Romanows der Inbegriff von schillerndem Prunk, Macht, Dekadenz und Grausamkeit. Über 300 Jahre dominierten sie das russische Reich, mehr als 20 Zaren und Zarinnen gingen aus dem Geschlecht hervor, allesamt getrieben von unbändigem Machthunger und rücksichtslosem Willen zu herrschen – einige dem Wahnsinn näher als dem Genie. Simon Sebag Montefiore erzählt die Saga dieser unglaublichen Familie, in der Rivalität, Giftmorde und sexuelle Exzesse regelrecht auf der Tagesordnung standen. Basierend auf neuester Forschung und unbekanntem Archivmaterial zeichnet er die Schicksale und politischen Verwicklungen nach. Weder zuvor noch danach gab es ein so gewaltiges Reich, in dem sich Glanz und Grausamkeit auf so unheilvolle Weise verbündeten. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen, prächtige Ausstattung. »Exzellent! Im Vergleich dazu ist Game of Thrones das reinste Kaffeekränzchen.« Antony Beevor »Als läse man zwanzig packende Romane in einem Band zusammengefasst.« The Bookseller »Die glorreiche Geschichte der Romanow-Dynastie, voll von Blut, Sex und Tränen.« Daily Telegraph »Ein beindruckendes Buch, das gründliche Recherche mit exzellenter Prosa vereint.« The Times »Montefiores Reise durch die 300 Jahre der Romanows gleicht einer Studie über Brutalität, Sex und Macht, absolut fesselnd [...], die Recherche ist akribisch und der Stil packend.« The Observer