Search Results for "legal-and-ethical-implications-of-drone-warfare"

Legal and Ethical Implications of Drone Warfare

Legal and Ethical Implications of Drone Warfare

  • Author: Michael J. Boyle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315473437
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 130
  • View: 808
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Over the last decade, the U.S., UK Israel and other states have begun to use Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for military operations and for targeted killings in places like Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia. Worldwide, over 80 governments are developing their own drone programs, and even non-state actors such as the Islamic State have begun to experiment with drones. The speed of technological change and adaptation with drones is so rapid that it is outpacing the legal and ethical frameworks which govern the use of force. This volume brings together experts in law, ethics and political science to address how drone technology is slowly changing the rules and norms surrounding the use of force and enabling new, sometimes unprecedented, actions by states. It addresses some of the most crucial questions in the debate over drones today. Are drones a revolutionary form of technology that will transform warfare or is their effect merely hype? Can drone use on the battlefield be made wholly consistent with international law? How does drone technology begin to shift the norms governing the use of force? What new legal and ethical problems are presented by targeted killings outside of declared war zones? Should drones be considered a humane form of warfare? Finally, is it possible that drones could be a force for good in humanitarian disasters and peacekeeping missions in the near future? This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict

Ethical, Legal, and Strategic Implications

  • Author: David Cortright,Rachel Fairhurst,Kristen Wall
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022625805X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 295
  • View: 7120
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Presenting a robust conversation among leading scholars in the areas of international legal standards, counterterrorism strategy, humanitarian law, and the ethics of force, this book takes account of current American drone campaigns and the developing legal, ethical, and strategic implications of this new way of warfare.

Lethal and Legal?

Lethal and Legal?

The Ethics of Drone Strikes

  • Author: Shima D. Keene,Strategic Studies Institute,U. S. Army War College
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • ISBN: 9781329784628
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 66
  • View: 9272
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"While supporters claim that drone warfare is not only legal but ethical and wise, others have suggested that drones are prohibited weapons under International Humanitarian Law (IHL) because they cause, or have the effect of causing, indiscriminate killings of civilians, such as those in the vicinity of a targeted person. The main legal justification made by the Barack Obama Administration for the use of armed drones is self-defense. However, there is ambiguity as to whether this argument can justify a number of recent attacks by the United States. In order to determine the legality of armed drone strikes, other factors such as sovereignty, proportionality, the legitimacy of individual targets, and the methods used for the selection of targets must also be considered. One justification for the ethical landscape is the reduced amount of collateral damage relative to other forms of strike. Real time eyes on target allow last-minute decisions and monitoring for unintended victims, and precise tracking of the target through multiple systems allows further refinements of proportionality. However, this is of little benefit if the definition of 'targets' is itself flawed and encompasses noncombatants and unconnected civilians. This monograph provides a number of specific recommendations intended to ensure that the benefits of drone warfare are weighed against medium- and long-term second order effects in order to measure whether targeted killings are serving their intended purpose of countering terrorism rather than encouraging and fueling it"--Publisher's web site.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

  • Author: Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1522583661
  • Category: Transportation
  • Page: 558
  • View: 6917
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First used in military applications, unmanned aerial vehicles are becoming an integral aspect of modern society and are expanding into the commercial, scientific, recreational, agricultural, and surveillance sectors. With the increasing use of these drones by government officials, business professionals, and civilians, more research is needed to understand their complexity both in design and function. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a critical source of academic knowledge on the design, construction, and maintenance of drones, as well as their applications across all aspects of society. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as intelligent systems, artificial intelligence, and situation awareness, this publication is an ideal reference source for military consultants, military personnel, business professionals, operation managers, surveillance companies, agriculturalists, policymakers, government officials, law enforcement, IT professionals, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students.

von Arnauld, Völkerrecht

von Arnauld, Völkerrecht

  • Author: Andreas von Arnauld
  • Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH
  • ISBN: 3811443224
  • Category:
  • Page: 653
  • View: 2360
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Kill Decision

Kill Decision

  • Author: Daniel Suarez
  • Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
  • ISBN: 3644495718
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 496
  • View: 7396
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Sie leben nicht. Aber sie töten. Blutiger Drohnenangriff auf eine Pilgerstätte im Irak. Ein weiterer Angriff trifft eine kalifornische Universität. Die Biologin Linda McKinney ahnt nichts davon: Sie erforscht gerade eine besonders aggressive Spezies afrikanischer Ameisen, als sie mitten im Dschungel gekidnappt wird. Ihr Entführer heißt Odin, und er hat ihr offenbar das Leben gerettet. Wer sind die Mächte, die Lindas Forschungen zur Schwarmintelligenz unterdrücken wollen? Während sich in den USA grauenhafte Bombardements häufen und in den hintersten Winkeln des Planeten Millionen fliegender Tötungsmaschinen vom Band laufen, macht sich das Team um Odin und McKinney daran, die Menschheit vor der Vernichtung durch ihren eigenen technologischen Fortschritt zu retten ... Der neue Roman vom «Jules Verne des digitalen Zeitalters» (Frank Schirrmacher): visionär, verstörend, einzigartig. «Eine exemplarische Spitzenleistung eines kaum analysierten Genres. Übertreibung braucht Suarez kaum.» (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) «Mit diesem perfekten Mix aus nervenzerfetzender Spannung und verständlicher Wissenschaftlichkeit etabliert sich Daniel Suarez in diesem spannenden Thriller als der legitime Erbe von Michael Crichton.» (Publishers’ Weekly) «Ein souverän geschriebener Thriller, bei dem wir uns am Ende nicht fragen, ob diese Fiktion eines Tages Wirklichkeit wird, sondern wann.» (Kirkus Reviews) «Dieser Roman ist näher an der Wirklichkeit, als die meisten Menschen glauben.» (Wired)

The Future of Drone Use

The Future of Drone Use

Opportunities and Threats from Ethical and Legal Perspectives

  • Author: Bart Custers
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9462651329
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 386
  • View: 949
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Given the popularity of drones and the fact that they are easy and cheap to buy, it is generally expected that the ubiquity of drones will significantly increase within the next few years. This raises questions as to what is technologically feasible (now and in the future), what is acceptable from an ethical point of view and what is allowed from a legal point of view. Drone technology is to some extent already available and to some extent still in development. The aim and scope of this book is to map the opportunities and threats associated with the use of drones and to discuss the ethical and legal issues of the use of drones. This book provides an overview of current drone technologies and applications and of what to expect in the next few years. The question of how to regulate the use of drones in the future is addressed, by considering conditions and contents of future drone legislation and by analyzing issues surrounding privacy and safeguards that can be taken. As such, this book is valuable to scholars in several disciplines, such as law, ethics, sociology, politics and public administration, as well as to practitioners and others who may be confronted with the use of drones in their work, such as professionals working in the military, law enforcement, disaster management and infrastructure management. Individuals and businesses with a specific interest in drone use may also find in the nineteen contributions contained in this volume unexpected perspectives on this new field of research and innovation. Bart Custers is Associate Professor and Head of Research at eLaw, the Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, The Netherlands. He has presented his work at international conferences in the United States, China, Japan, the Middle East and throughout Europe and has published over 80 scientific, professional and popularizing publications, including three books.

Drone Warfare

Drone Warfare

  • Author: John Kaag,Sarah Kreps
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745685358
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 1945
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2015 One of the most significant and controversial developments in contemporary warfare is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, commonly referred to as drones. In the last decade, US drone strikes have more than doubled and their deployment is transforming the way wars are fought across the globe. But how did drones claim such an important role in modern military planning? And how are they changing military strategy and the ethics of war and peace? What standards might effectively limit their use? Should there even be a limit? Drone warfare is the first book to engage fully with the political, legal, and ethical dimensions of UAVs. In it, political scientist Sarah Kreps and philosopher John Kaag discuss the extraordinary expansion of drone programs from the Cold War to the present day and their so-called 'effectiveness' in conflict zones. Analysing the political implications of drone technology for foreign and domestic policy as well as public opinion, the authors go on to examine the strategic position of the United States - by far the world's most prolific employer of drones - to argue that US military supremacy could be used to enshrine a new set of international agreements and treaties aimed at controlling the use of UAVs in the future.

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Legal and Socio-political Aspects

  • Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134074344
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 247
  • View: 8505
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention

Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention

Strategic, Ethico-Legal and Decisional Implications

  • Author: Mike Aaronson,Wali Aslam,Tom Dyson,Regina Rauxloh
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317912942
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4714
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This book explores whether the new capabilities made possible by precision-strike technologies are reshaping approaches to international intervention. Since the end of the Cold War, US technological superiority has led to a more proactive and, some would argue, high risk approach to international military intervention. New technologies including the capacity to mount precision military strikes from high-level bombing campaigns and, more recently, the selective targeting of individuals from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have facilitated air campaigns, supported by Special Forces, without the commitment of large numbers of troops on the ground. Such campaigns include, for example, NATO’s high-level aerial bombardment of Milosevic’s forces in Kosovo in 1999 and of Gaddafi’s in Libya in 2011, and the US operation involving Special Forces against Osama Bin Laden. The development of UAVs and electronic data intercept technologies has further expanded the potential scope of interventions, for example against Islamic militants in the tribal areas of Pakistan. This volume examines three key and interrelated dimensions of these new precision-strike capabilities: (1) the strategic and foreign policy drivers and consequences; (2) the legal and moral implications of the new capabilities; and (3), the implications for decision-making at the strategic, operational and tactical levels. This book will be of much interest to students of war and technology, air power, international intervention, security studies and IR.

Drone Warfare

Drone Warfare

Ethical Explorations

  • Author: Michelle Holloway
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781634851039
  • Category:
  • Page: 72
  • View: 6669
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With the increased use of armed drones has come closer scrutiny of the legal and ethical dimensions. In the first chapter of this book, the author makes an assessment of the lethal use of drone technologies, measured in terms of their legality, morality, and overall effectiveness. Armed unmanned aerial vehicles -- combat drones -- have fundamentally altered the ways the United States conducts military operations aimed at countering insurgent and terrorist organisations. Drones may reduce risks to human soldiers but the question arises as to whether they permit the initiation or escalation of conflict by promoting civic disengagement. The authors of the second chapter offer an analysis of the dimensions surrounding this argument.

Dehumanisierung der Kriegführung

Dehumanisierung der Kriegführung

Herausforderungen für das Völkerrecht und die Frage nach der Notwendigkeit menschlicher Kontrolle

  • Author: Tassilo Singer
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3662578565
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 551
  • View: 5596
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Dieses Buch diskutiert, ob menschliche Kontrolle bei der Kriegführung nach dem Völkerrecht vorausgesetzt wird. Dies wird bei den Diskussionen zu autonomen Waffensystemen (LAWS) im Rahmen der UN-Waffenkonvention unter dem Thema „meaningful human control“ gefordert. Praktisch betrifft es die Frage, ob man Systeme ohne jegliche menschliche Kontrollmöglichkeit bei der Zielbekämpfung einsetzen darf und falls ja, unter welchen Voraussetzungen. Dies umfasst sowohl das Waffenrecht (darf eine Waffe überhaupt eingesetzt werden?) als auch das Einsatzrecht (wie darf eine Waffe in einem konkreten Einsatz verwendet werden?). Die rechtliche Analyse erstreckt sich auf vollautonome Waffensysteme und Cyber Operationen und geht auf die jeweiligen Eigenheiten ein. Zudem wird eine Lösung für Verantwortungslücken, die durch fehlende menschliche Kontrolle entstehen, entwickelt.

Killing Hitler

Killing Hitler

die Attentäter, die Pläne und warum sie scheiterten

  • Author: Roger Moorhouse
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783865391360
  • Category:
  • Page: 430
  • View: 6755
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Der britische Historiker verfolgt die Spur der gescheiterten Attentate auf Hitler, schildert Abläufe sowie Zeitumstände und porträtiert die Attentäter mit ihren unterschiedlichen sozialen und weltanschaulichen Hintergründen.

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Armed Drones and the Ethics of War

Military virtue in a post-heroic age

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136261214
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 1469
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This book assesses the ethical implications of using armed unmanned aerial vehicles (‘hunter-killer drones’) in contemporary conflicts. The American way of war is trending away from the heroic and towards the post-heroic, driven by a political preference for air-powered management of strategic risks and the reduction of physical risk to US personnel. The recent use of drones in the War on Terror has demonstrated the power of this technology to transcend time and space, but there has been relatively little debate in the United States and elsewhere over the embrace of what might be regarded as politically desirable and yet morally worrisome: risk-free killing. Arguably, the absence of a relationship of mutual risk between putative combatants poses a fundamental challenge to the status of war as something morally distinguishable from other forms of violence, and it also undermines the professional virtue of the warrior as a courageous risk-taker. This book considers the use of armed drones in the light of ethical principles that are intended to guard against unjust increases in the incidence and lethality of armed conflict. The evidence and arguments presented indicate that, in some respects, the use of armed drones is to be welcomed as an ethically superior mode of warfare. Over time, however, their continued and increased use is likely to generate more challenges than solutions, and perhaps do more harm than good. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, airpower, counter-terrorism, strategic studies and security studies in general.

Drone Wars

Drone Wars

  • Author: Peter Bergen,Daniel Rothenberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107025567
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 496
  • View: 2620
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Drone Wars presents a series of essays that is a diverse and comprehensive interdisciplinary perspective on drones. It covers important debates on targeted killing and civilian casualties, presents key data on drone deployment, and offers new ideas on their historical development, significance, and impact on law and policy.

Killer Robots

Killer Robots

Legality and Ethicality of Autonomous Weapons

  • Author: Dr Armin Krishnan
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 140949912X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 6660
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Military robots and other, potentially autonomous robotic systems such as unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) could soon be introduced to the battlefield. Look further into the future and we may see autonomous micro- and nanorobots armed and deployed in swarms of thousands or even millions. This growing automation of warfare may come to represent a major discontinuity in the history of warfare: humans will first be removed from the battlefield and may one day even be largely excluded from the decision cycle in future high-tech and high-speed robotic warfare. Although the current technological issues will no doubt be overcome, the greatest obstacles to automated weapons on the battlefield are likely to be legal and ethical concerns. Armin Krishnan explores the technological, legal and ethical issues connected to combat robotics, examining both the opportunities and limitations of autonomous weapons. He also proposes solutions to the future regulation of military robotics through international law.

Plädoyer gegen die Perfektion

Plädoyer gegen die Perfektion

Ethik im Zeitalter der genetischen Technik. Mit einem Vorwort von Jürgen Habermas

  • Author: Michael Sandel
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783737413077
  • Category:
  • Page: 175
  • View: 9126
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Mach mal Platz im Kopf

Mach mal Platz im Kopf

Meditation bringt's!

  • Author: Andy Puddicombe
  • Publisher: Knaur MensSana eBook
  • ISBN: 3426416859
  • Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Page: 304
  • View: 8914
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"Der Jamie Oliver der Meditation." New York Times. Andy Puddicombe, der lange Zeit in einem buddhistischen Kloster gelebt hat, ist derzeit DER Meditations-Guru in England und der gefragteste Mann zum Thema. Er bringt Meditation in den modernen, hektischen Alltag, aber anders: ganz ohne spirituelle Klischees. Öfter mal kurz innehalten und die Augen schließen, in der Mittagspause das Essen bewusst genießen, in der U-Bahn auf den Atem achten: Egal wie eingespannt man ist – 10 Minuten täglich reichen aus, um das unermüdliche Gedankenkarussell zu stoppen und im Kopf Platz zu machen.

Targeted Killings

Targeted Killings

Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World

  • Author: Claire Finkelstein,Jens David Ohlin,Andrew Altman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199646481
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 496
  • View: 5691
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The controversy surrounding targeted killings represents a crisis of conscience for policymakers, lawyers, philosophers and leading military experts grappling with the moral and legal limits of the war on terror. The book examines the legal and philosophical issues raised by government efforts to target suspected terrorists without giving them the safeguards of a fair trial.

Law, Ethics, and the War on Terror

Law, Ethics, and the War on Terror

  • Author: Matthew Evangelista
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 0745641083
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 202
  • View: 8751
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In recent years the mass murder of thousands of innocent civilians by al Qaeda terrorists has plumbed the depths of criminality and immorality. Yet it is the response to those attacks, particularly by the United States, that has provoked widespread accusations that the anti–terrorist cure may be worse than the terrorist disease. This book explores the key legal and ethical controversies that arose in the wake of the brutal attacks of 11 September 2001. After the Cold War, progress in human rights and limitations on warfare created an impression that "global civil society" had emerged to challenge the dominance of states and establish new norms to guide their behavior. The events of 9/11, however, witnessed a reassertion of state prerogatives, reflected in challenges to the Geneva Conventions and the stigma against torture. Focusing on core debates about preventive war and the implications of targeted assassination, kidnapping, indefinite detention, and the torture of suspected terrorists, the book asks whether state practice will further undermine the very norms of international law and morality, or whether efforts to combat terrorism can be brought back into conformity with ethical and legal standards.