Search Results for "liberalization-and-journalism"

Liberalization and Redemocratization in Latin America

Liberalization and Redemocratization in Latin America

  • Author: George A. Lopez,Michael Stohl
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313252990
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 273
  • View: 8725
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This volume is the product of three coalitions of research interests focused on a single topic of inquiry: the processes of liberalization and democratization within authoritarian regimes in Latin America. The three branches of research may be characterized as: individuals researching the changing character of human rights violations, repression, and state terror in various Latin American nations; scholars of redemocratization; and experts in the comparative analysis of Latin American politics who believe that a cross-national perspective is necessary to complement current theoretical and case study work on liberalization and redemocratization.

Liberalisation and Globalisation of Indian Economy

Liberalisation and Globalisation of Indian Economy

  • Author: Ed. K.R. Gupta
  • Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
  • ISBN: 9788126909438
  • Category: Economic development
  • Page: 312
  • View: 9702
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Contributed articles.

Journalism and Democracy in Asia

Journalism and Democracy in Asia

  • Author: Michael Bromley,Angela Romano
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134254148
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3972
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Journalism and Democracy in Asia addresses key issues of freedom, democracy, citizenship, openness and journalism in contemporary Asia, looking especially at China, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, the Philippines and India. The authors take varying approaches to questions of democracy, whilst also considering journalism in print, radio and new media, in relation to such questions as the role of social, political and economic liberalization in bringing about a blooming of the media, the relationship between the media and the development of democracy and civil society, and how journalism copes under authoritarian rule. With contributions from highly regarded experts in the region examining a broad range of issues from across Asia, this book will be of high interest to students and scholars in political communications, journalism and mass communication and Asian studies.

Political Liberalization and Democratization in Africa

Political Liberalization and Democratization in Africa

Lessons from Country Experiences

  • Author: Julius Omozuanvbo Ihonvbere,John Mukum Mbaku
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275975067
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 373
  • View: 8298
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Since the late 1980s, Africans have been engaged in efforts to transform their societies and provide themselves with more effective governance and economic structures. Unfortunately, most of these efforts have not progressed beyond simple elections. The contributors to this volume provide strategies that Africans can use to deepen democracy, improve resource allocation, and enhance their ability to coexist peacefully. Mbaku, Ihonvbere, and their contributors, while adopting a critical approach to the study of African political economy, take a stand against Afro-pessimism. They articulate an holistic agenda for addressing Africa's mulitfarious problems, reject received knowledge, and, through a dialectical methodology, draw attention to the centrality of social categories/classes, the state, civil society, the environment, communities, and patterns of change in the continent. Relying on fieldwork, hard data, and critical reviews of the extant literature, the volume highlights the importance of democracy and democratization to the urgent restructuring that Africa needs in the new globalization. Paying attention to the continent's historical experiences and its specificities, the contributors draw attention to the importance of grassroots action, leadership, and the need to constitutionally entrench civil liberties.

News As Culture

News As Culture

Journalistic Practices and the Remaking of Indian Leadership Traditions

  • Author: Ursula Rao
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 0857459260
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 2071
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At the turn of the millennium, Indian journalism has undergone significant changes. The rapid commercialization of the press, together with an increase in literacy and political consciousness, has led to swift growth in the newspaper market but also changed the way news makers mediate politics. Positioned at a historical junction where India is clearly feeling the effects of market liberalization, this study demonstrates how journalists and informants interactively create new forms of political action and consciousness. The book explores English and Hindi newsmaking and investigates the creation of news relations during the production process and how they affect political images and leadership traditions. It moves beyond the news-room to outline the role of journalists in urban society, the social lives of news texts and the way citizens bring their ideas and desires to bear on the news discourse. This important volume contributes to an emerging debate about the impact of the media on Indian society. Furthermore, it convincingly demonstrates the inseparable link between media related practices and dynamic cultural repertoires.

Explorations in Global Media Ethics

Explorations in Global Media Ethics

  • Author: Muhammad Ayish,Shakuntala Rao
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135738483
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 118
  • View: 9935
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Studies of global media and journalism have repeatedly returned to discussions of ethics. This book highlights the difficulty that journalists encounter when establishing appropriate ethical practices and marks the pressing importance of global media ethics as a subject of current debate. A wide range of contributors – both scholars and practitioners of journalism – identify how changes in journalism practice, developments in new media technologies, legal regulations, and shifting patterns of ownership all play a role in creating ethical tensions for journalists, with some chapters in the book suggesting practical solutions to this pertinent issue. The growing need to faithfully represent other diverse cultural groups is also considered, with certain chapters discussing the impact that human rights, freedom and justice have upon journalistic decision making. Explorations in Global Media Ethics recognises that, with the escalation of globalisation and a public striving for honest quality media, journalists around the world face an increasing pressure to comply with and simultaneously satisfy diverse ethical practices at both a local and a more global level. The book sympathises with the position of the journalist and calls for greater consideration of his ambiguous role. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Studies.

Snapshots: An X-ray of Cameroonís Democracy, Governance and Unification

Snapshots: An X-ray of Cameroonís Democracy, Governance and Unification

  • Author: Sam-Nuvala Fonkem
  • Publisher: Langaa RPCIG
  • ISBN: 9956791776
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 370
  • View: 7815
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In the 1960s and 1970s, Third World governments prescribed and imposed a certain kind of journalism variously called 'objective' journalism or 'development journalism'. They understood this as journalism restricted to reporting 'facts' as dished out by their propagandists and did not tolerate the questioning of government policy. By 'development journalism', they meant the mere reporting of government efforts to provide services, amenities and infrastructures and the singing of praises anytime a bridge was inaugurated, irrespective of whether it was well-built or whether the contract to build was awarded according to the norms of transparency and probity. This one-sided journalism was prevalent especially in state-owned media and media practitioners in the few private news publications that existed who did not toe the line were subjected to constant harassment and incarceration. However, with the coming of well-trained journalism graduates into the scene in the 1970s and the advent of global liberalization in the late 1980s and 1990s, daring journalists like Sam-Nuvala Fonkem thought it was time to take the bull by the horn and start taking a more critical look at government pronouncements, matching policy statements with real action in the field; in short, moving from 'objective' journalism to interpretative and investigative journalism. This collection of Sam-Nuvala Fonkem's writings is a sampling of the fruit of that new spirit to dare where angels hitherto feared to tread, to hold public officials to account and to expose the falsehood cached behind the political masquerade of the ruling class.

Discourse, Politics and Media in Contemporary China

Discourse, Politics and Media in Contemporary China

  • Author: Qing Cao,Hailong Tian,Paul Chilton
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9027270368
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 213
  • View: 3330
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After three and a half decades of economic reforms, radical changes have occurred in all aspects of life in China. In an authoritarian society, these changes are mediated significantly through the power of language, carefully controlled by the political elites. Discourse, as a way of speaking and doing things, has become an indispensable instrument for the authority to manage a fluid, increasingly fragmented, but highly dynamic and yet fragile society. Written by an international team of leading scholars, this volume examines socio-political transformations of contemporary Chinese society through a systematic account, analysis and assessment of its salient discourses and their production, circulation, negotiation, and consequences. In particular, the volume focuses on the interplay of politics and media. The book’s intended readership is academics and students of Chinese studies, language and discourse, and media and communication studies.

Medien und Kommunikation

Medien und Kommunikation

  • Author: Paddy Scannell
  • Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften
  • ISBN: 9783531165943
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 361
  • View: 4585
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Paddy Scannells Buch bietet eine faszinierende, erhellende und sehr gut verständliche Einführung in die Medien- und Kommunikationstheorie. Scannell entwickelt anhand der historischen Entwicklungen in Nordamerika und Europa eine sehr zugängliche, systematische und gleichzeitig differenzierte Analyse der verschiedenen Zugänge der Beschäftigung mit Medien- und Kommunikation. Immer wieder schöpft er aus verschiedenen Disziplinen und fordert so insgesamt die Leserinnen und Leser heraus, sich mit Kommunikation und Medien in ihren Gesamtzusammenhängen auseinander zu setzen. Das international vielfach beachtete Werk des bekannten britischen Wissenschaftlers und Professors für Kommunikationswissenschaft an der University of Michigan liegt nun endlich in deutscher Sprache vor.

The Press and Popular Culture

The Press and Popular Culture

  • Author: Martin Conboy
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 0761966609
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 194
  • View: 5846
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In this book, Martin Conboy unpicks the complex and dynamic relationship between the popular press and popular culture. Rejecting approaches to popular culture which restrict themselves to the contemporary, Conboy argues for the importance of an historical perspective in understanding the contemporary relationship between the popular and the press. The Press and Popular Culture offers: A much-needed critical history of the popular press -from the Early Modern Period to the present day A comparative analysis of the emergence of the popular press in the US and Britain An approach to the role played by the popular press in the formation of popular culture which emphasizes the use of language

Mass Media and Society in Nigeria

Mass Media and Society in Nigeria

  • Author: Lai Oso
  • Publisher: African Books Collective
  • ISBN: 9788422284
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 283
  • View: 1657
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Mass media and society in Nigeria is part of the efforts to address the dearth of relevant materials. This sixteenth-chapter book, with contributions by some of the best professionals, specialistss and academics in the field, covers various aspects of the mass communication landscapes in Nigeria, especially the growth and development of the media. It takes a bird's eye view of development in print, electronic and News Agency areas of the communication field. There is, in addition, a very useful blend of theory and practice that should prove invaluable to both students and practitioners in the field of mas communication.

Online Journalism in Africa

Online Journalism in Africa

Trends, Practices and Emerging Cultures

  • Author: Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara,Okoth Fred Mudhai,Jason Whittaker
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134109067
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 274
  • View: 2247
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Very little is known about how African journalists are forging "new" ways to practise their profession on the web. Against this backdrop, this volume provides contextually rooted discussions of trends, practices, and emerging cultures of web-based journalism(s) across the continent, offering a comprehensive research tool that can both stand the test of time as well as offer researchers (particularly those in the economically developed Global North) models for cross-cultural comparative research. The essays here deploy either a wide range of evidence or adopt a case-study approach to engage with contemporary developments in African online journalism. This book thus makes up for the gap in cross-cultural studies that seek to understand online journalism in all its complexities.

Political Communication in China

Political Communication in China

Convergence or Divergence Between the Media and Political System?

  • Author: Wenfang Tang,Shanto Iyengar
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135709998
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 138
  • View: 1916
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It is widely recognised that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) uses the media to set the agenda for political discourse, propagate official policies, monitor public opinion, and rally regime support. State agencies in China control the full spectrum of media programming, either through ownership or the power to regulate. Political Communication in China examines the two factors which have contributed to the rapid development of media infrastructure in China: technology and commercialization. Economic development led to technological advancement, which in turn brought about the rapid modernization of all forms of communication, from ‘old’ media such as television to the Internet, cell phones, and satellite communications. This volume examines how these recent developments have affected the relationship between the CCP and the mass media as well as the implications of this evolving relationship for understanding Chinese citizens’ media use, political attitudes, and behaviour. The chapters in this book represent a diverse range of research methods, from surveys, content analysis, and field interviews to the manipulation of aggregate statistical data. The result is a lively debate which creates many opportunities for future research into the fundamental question of convergence between political and media regimes. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Political Communication.

Journalism

Journalism

A Critical History

  • Author: Martin Conboy
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446224910
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1597
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Traditional news values no longer hold: infotainment has the day. Journalism is in a terminal state of decline. Or so some contemporary commentators would argue. Although there has been a great diversity in format and ownership over time, Conboy demonstrates the surprising continuity of concerns in the history of journalism. Questions of political influence, the impact of advertising, the sensationalisation of news coverage, the 'dumbing down' of the press, the economic motives of newspaper owners - these are themes that emerge repeatedly over time and again today. In this book, Martin Conboy provides a history of the development of newspapers, periodicals and broadcast journalism which · enables readers to engage critically with contemporary issues within the news media · outlines the connections, as well as the distinctions, across historical periods · spans the introduction of printed news to the arrival of the 'new' news media · demonstrates how journalism has always been informed by a cultural practices broader and more dynamic than the simple provision of news By situating journalism in its historical context, this book enables students to more fully understand the wide range of practices which constitute contemporary journalism. As such it will be an essential text for students of journalism and the media.

The Global-Local Interface and Hybridity

The Global-Local Interface and Hybridity

Exploring Language and Identity

  • Author: Rani Rubdy,Lubna Alsagoff
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 1783090855
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 324
  • View: 5292
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The chapters in this volume seek to bring hybrid language practices to the center of discussions about English as a global language. They demonstrate how local linguistic resources and practices are involved in the refashioning of identities in a variety of cross-cultural and geographical contexts, and illustrate hybridity as an enactment of resistance and creativity. Drawing on a variety of disciplines and ideological perspectives, the authors use contexts as diverse as social media, Bollywood films, workplaces and kindergartens to explore the ways in which English has become a part of localities and social relations in ways that are of significant sociolinguistic interest in understanding the dynamics of mobile cultures and transcultural flows.

Sorting Out Deregulation

Sorting Out Deregulation

Protecting Free Speech and Internet Access in the United States, Germany, and Japan

  • Author: Jae Young Kim
  • Publisher: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
  • ISBN: 9781931202374
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 196
  • View: 6069
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Kim examines how the United States, Germany, and Japan encourage universal service and free speech on the Internet in deregulated marketplaces. All three nations seek universal service through competitive marketplaces, but they guarantee free expression differently: hands-off policies in the US, top-down approaches in Germany, and bottom-up approaches in Japan. The local political, social, and legal atmosphere determines each nation's policies. However, all approaches betray unanticipated consequences that weaken their policies. Public interest in the two areas cannot be realized without sacrificing the viability of telecommunications deregulation, and universal service and the maintenance of free speech require government action.

Business News Coverage of India, Before and After India's Economic Liberalization, by the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and Two Indian Newspapers--Financial Express and the Economic Times

Business News Coverage of India, Before and After India's Economic Liberalization, by the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and Two Indian Newspapers--Financial Express and the Economic Times

  • Author: Arvind Diddi
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: India
  • Page: 180
  • View: 4608
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The Emergent Independent Press in Benin and Côte D'Ivoire

The Emergent Independent Press in Benin and Côte D'Ivoire

From Voice of the State to Advocate of Democracy

  • Author: W. Joseph Campbell
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275963095
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 138
  • View: 7810
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W. Joseph Campbell, longtime newspaper and wire service journalist, examines the wellsprings of independent journalism in francophone West Africa and challenges the gloomy assessments that typify many studies of the press in Africa. Campbell points to the little-recognized hardiness of independent journalism in a region often overlooked by scholars and students.

Russia and the Idea of the West

Russia and the Idea of the West

Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the Cold War

  • Author: Robert English
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231504748
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4321
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An intriguing "intellectual portrait" of a generation of Soviet reformers, this book is also a fascinating case study of how ideas can change the course of history. In most analyses of the Cold War's end the ideological aspects of Gorbachev's "new thinking" are treated largely as incidental to the broader considerations of power—as gloss on what was essentially a retreat forced by crisis and decline. Robert English makes a major contribution by demonstrating that Gorbachev's foreign policy was in fact the result of an intellectual revolution. English analyzes the rise of a liberal policy-academic elite and its impact on the Cold War's end. English worked in the archives of the USSR Foreign Ministry and also gained access to the restricted collections of leading foreign-policy institutes. He also conducted nearly 400 interviews with Soviet intellectuals and policy makers—from Khrushchev- and Brezhnev-era Politburo members to Perestroika-era notables such as Eduard Shevardnadze and Gorbachev himself. English traces the rise of a "Westernizing" worldview from the post-Stalin years, through a group of liberals in the late1960s–70s, to a circle of close advisers who spurred Gorbachev's most radical reforms.

Slum. Eine Geschichte von Leben, Tod und Hoffnung

Slum. Eine Geschichte von Leben, Tod und Hoffnung

  • Author: Katherine Boo
  • Publisher: Droemer eBook
  • ISBN: 3426416158
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3221
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Annawadi ist ein Slum jenseits des luxuriösen Flughafens von Mumbai. Hier wohnen Tausende Menschen in notdürftig errichteten Hütten. Eng ist es hier und schmutzig. Und nicht selten fallen hungrige Ratten nachts über die Kinder her. In Annawadi lebt Abdul, der Müllsammler. Dass er geschickt ist in seinem Job, dass er Müll zu sammeln, zu sortieren und weiterzuverkaufen weiß wie kein Zweiter, ruft viele Neider auf den Plan. Denn der Erfolg des einen bedeutet den möglichen Ruin des anderen. Und jeder in dem Slum kämpft mit allen Mitteln um die pure Existenz. Katherine Boo erzählt nicht nur die Geschichten der Menschen in Annawadi – sie erzählt auch von ihrer Hoffnung und ihrem Streben nach einem besseren Leben und von den Auswirkungen des westlichen Konsums bis in dieses Eckchen der Welt.