Search Results for "man-is-by-nature-a-political-animal"

Man Is by Nature a Political Animal

Man Is by Nature a Political Animal

Evolution, Biology, and Politics

  • Author: Peter K. Hatemi,Rose McDermott
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226319113
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7583
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In Man Is by Nature a Political Animal, Peter K. Hatemi and Rose McDermott bring together a diverse group of contributors to examine the ways in which evolutionary theory and biological research are increasingly informing analyses of political behavior. Focusing on the theoretical, methodological, and empirical frameworks of a variety of biological approaches to political attitudes and preferences, the authors consider a wide range of topics, including the comparative basis of political behavior, the utility of formal modeling informed by evolutionary theory, the genetic bases of attitudes and behaviors, psychophysiological methods and research, and the wealth of insight generated by recent research on the human brain. Through this approach, the book reveals the biological bases of many previously unexplained variances within the extant models of political behavior. The diversity of methods discussed and variety of issues examined here will make this book of great interest to students and scholars seeking a comprehensive overview of this emerging approach to the study of politics and behavior.

Politics

Politics

  • Author: Aristotle
  • Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
  • ISBN: 3849648397
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 250
  • View: 886
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Politics is Aristotle's most known work on political philosophy. The treatise is the logical sequel to the Nicomachean Ethics, as both works deal with the "philosophy of human affairs." The whole treatise consists of eight books and chapters about constitutions, democracy, oligarchy, citizenships, states and political theories.

Political Animal

Political Animal

A Novel

  • Author: David Mizner
  • Publisher: Soho PressInc
  • ISBN: 9781569473863
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 293
  • View: 8880
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Ben Bergin doesn't want to be in politics or in love but he is, completely. When not penning half-truths for public consumption, Ben fantasizes doing something meaningful, heroic, pure. Instead he scripts spontaneous remarks for his candidate to utter on the campaign trail. Ben hates the endless compromises and deals and self-serving strategies. But he loves the action, and being near the power. Because he's a talented speech writer, the campaign's managers put up with his wry irreverence and diminishing hygiene. He wants to change the world but can barely change his underwear. Calliope Berkowitz is the 25-year-old den mother to the campaign's motley volunteers and is his closest colleague. Large in every way, Calli claps when she gets excited, sings in public as if she were in the shower, and floats through the office on bare feet, her loose clothing and wild hair trailing. She is forthright and beguiling, realistic and idealistic, and Ben is smitten. He doesn't necessarily want to be; he just is.

Just So Stories

Just So Stories

  • Author: Rudyard Kipling
  • Publisher: Xist Publishing
  • ISBN: 162395875X
  • Category: Juvenile Fiction
  • Page: 85
  • View: 9936
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Fables and Myths of the Animals by the Author of The Jungle Book “Hear and attend and listen; for this befell and behappened and became and was: O my Best Beloved, when the tame animals were wild.” ― Rudyard Kipling, Just So Stories Just So Stories is a collection of short stories or fables by Rudyard Kipling. This volume includes: How the Whale Got His Throat How the Camel Got His Hump How the Rhinoceros Got His Skin How the Leopard Got His Spots How the Elephant Got his Trunk The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo The Beginning of the Armadillos How the First Letter was Written How the Alphabet was Made The Crab the Played with the Sea The Cat that Walked by Himself The Butterfly that Stamped The Tabu Tale This Xist Classics edition has been professionally formatted for e-readers with a linked table of contents. This eBook also contains a bonus book club leadership guide and discussion questions. We hope you’ll share this book with your friends, neighbors and colleagues and can’t wait to hear what you have to say about it. Xist Publishing is a digital-first publisher. Xist Publishing creates books for the touchscreen generation and is dedicated to helping everyone develop a lifetime love of reading, no matter what form it takes

The Political Animal

The Political Animal

Biology, Ethics and Politics

  • Author: Stephen R L Clark,Stephen R.L Clark
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134658605
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7178
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People, as Aristotle said, are political animals. Mainstream political philosophy, however, has largely neglected humankind's animal nature as beings who are naturally equipped, and inclined, to reason and work together, create social bonds and care for their young. Stephen Clark, grounded in biological analysis and traditional ethics, probes into areas ignored in mainstream political theory and argues for the significance of social bonds which bypass or transcend state authority. Understanding the ties that bind us reveals how enormously capable we are in achieving civil order as a species. Stephen Clark advocates that a properly informed political philosophy must take into account the role of women, children, animals, minorities and the domestic virtues at large. Living and comnducting our political lives like the animals we are is a more congenial prospect than is usually supposed.

City of Man

City of Man

Religion and Politics in a New Era

  • Author: Michael Gerson,Peter Wehner
  • Publisher: Moody Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781575679280
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 144
  • View: 5001
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An era has ended. The political expression that most galvanized evangelicals during the past quarter-century, the Religious Right, is fading. What's ahead is unclear. Millions of faith-based voters still exist, and they continue to care deeply about hot-button issues like abortion and gay marriage, but the shape of their future political engagement remains to be formed. Into this uncertainty, former White House insiders Michael Gerson and Peter Wehner seek to call evangelicals toward a new kind of political engagement -- a kind that is better both for the church and the country, a kind that cannot be co-opted by either political party, a kind that avoids the historic mistakes of both the Religious Left and the Religious Right. Incisive, bold, and marked equally by pragmatism and idealism, Gerson and Wehner's new book has the potential to chart a new political future not just for values voters, but for the nation as a whole.

Leviathan

Leviathan

  • Author: Thomas Hobbes
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 048612214X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 416
  • View: 9113
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Written during a moment in English history when the political and social structures were in flux and open to interpretation, Leviathan played an essential role in the development of the modern world.

Candide

Candide

  • Author: Voltaire,Daniel Gordon
  • Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1319049850
  • Category: History
  • Page: 160
  • View: 7333
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This new edition of Candide, by Voltaire, with Related Documents continues to preserve the provocative nature of Voltaire's portrayal of eighteenth-century European society while placing the work and its author in historical context. Daniel Gordon’s translation enhances Candide’s readability and highlights the text’s wit and satire for twenty-first century readers. The revised introduction provides insight into Voltaire’s views on slavery, showing students how the complexities of Voltaire’s life relate to the events, philosophy, and characters of Candide. An expanded Related Documents section further reveals Voltaire’s relation to slavery with new extracts from The Black Code and Voltaire’s own work on the subject. Helpful editorial features include explanatory notes throughout the text, a chronology of Voltaire’s life, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography.

A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind

A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind

  • Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1605203696
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 64
  • View: 2355
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[F]rom the moment one man began to stand in need of another's assistance; from the moment it appeared an advantage for one man to possess the quantity of provisions requisite for two, all equality vanished; property started up; labour became necessary; and boundless forests became smiling fields, which it was found necessary to water with human sweat, and in which slavery and misery were soon seen to sprout out and grow with the fruits of the earth. -from "Second Part" Was man better off before he invented "civil society"? From where does social inequality spring? Did the development of agriculture and technology doom most of humanity to an everlasting enslavement to the tiny minority of the wealthy and the strong? This 1754 essay, written in response to concepts of the "natural man" developed by philosopher Thomas Hobbes, explores such ideas, radical at the time and still considered such today. Rousseau's thoughts continue to be echoed, however, in modern philosophical movements from feminism to environmentalism, and ensure that his examination of the history of human civilization, in its broadest sense, remains vital today. Swiss philosopher JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) was a dramatic influence on the French revolution, 19th-century communism, the American Founding Fathers, and much modern political thought. His works include Discourse on the Arts and Sciences (1750), Discourse on Political Economy (1755), and The Social Contract, Or Principles of Political Right (1762).

Machiavelli's Politics

Machiavelli's Politics

  • Author: Catherine H. Zuckert
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022643480X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 510
  • View: 7210
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Machiavelli is popularly known as a teacher of tyrants, a key proponent of the unscrupulous “Machiavellian” politics laid down in his landmark political treatise The Prince. Others cite the Discourses on Livy to argue that Machiavelli is actually a passionate advocate of republican politics who saw the need for occasional harsh measures to maintain political order. Which best characterizes the teachings of the prolific Italian philosopher? With Machiavelli’s Politics, Catherine H. Zuckert turns this question on its head with a major reinterpretation of Machiavelli’s prose works that reveals a surprisingly cohesive view of politics. Starting with Machiavelli’s two major political works, Zuckert persuasively shows that the moral revolution Machiavelli sets out in The Prince lays the foundation for the new form of democratic republic he proposes in the Discourses. Distrusting ambitious politicians to serve the public interest of their own accord, Machiavelli sought to persuade them in The Prince that the best way to achieve their own ambitions was to secure the desires and ambitions of their subjects and fellow citizens. In the Discourses, he then describes the types of laws and institutions that would balance the conflict between the two in a way that would secure the liberty of most, if not all. In the second half of her book, Zuckert places selected later works—La Mandragola, The Art of War, The Life of Castruccio Castracani, Clizia, and Florentine Histories—under scrutiny, showing how Machiavelli further developed certain aspects of his thought in these works. In The Art of War, for example, he explains more concretely how and to what extent the principles of organization he advanced in The Prince and the Discourses ought to be applied in modern circumstances. Because human beings act primarily on passions, Machiavelli attempts to show readers what those passions are and how they can be guided to have productive rather than destructive results. A stunning and ambitious analysis, Machiavelli’s Politics brilliantly shows how many conflicting perspectives do inform Machiavelli’s teachings, but that one needs to consider all of his works in order to understand how they cohere into a unified political view. This is a magisterial work that cannot be ignored if a comprehensive understanding of the philosopher is to be obtained.

On the Parts of Animals

On the Parts of Animals

  • Author: Aristotle
  • Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
  • ISBN: 1531266622
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 245
  • View: 2046
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Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher who was largely responsible for shaping Western philosophy as it is known today. Aristotle, who was one of Plato’s students and would later tutor Alexander the Great, was also regarded as the world’s first scientist and his many writings are still revered today. This edition of On the Parts of Animals includes a table of contents.

The Free Animal

The Free Animal

Rousseau on Free Will and Human Nature

  • Author: Lee MacLean
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442644958
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 239
  • View: 6942
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Featuring careful analyses and an extensive engagement with the secondary literature, The Free Animal offers a novel interpretation of the changing nature and complexity of Rousseau's intention.

The Language Animal

The Language Animal

  • Author: Charles Taylor
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674970276
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 364
  • View: 8431
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From Sources of the Self to A Secular Age, Charles Taylor has shown how we create ways of being, as individuals and as a society. Here, he demonstrates that language is at the center of this generative process. Language does not merely describe; it constitutes meaning, and the shared practice of speech shapes human experience.

Nicomachean Ethics

Nicomachean Ethics

  • Author: Aristotle
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • ISBN: 1365711900
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 178
  • View: 3183
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In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle asserts that in order to achieve happiness man must live a virtuous life made up of activities in which we use our best human capacities, both ones that contribute to our flourishing as members of a community, and ones that allow us to engage in god-like contemplation. This new 2017 edition of Nicomachean Ethics features an easy to follow translation by William Ross.

The Social Animal

The Social Animal

The Hidden Sources of Love, Character, and Achievement

  • Author: David Brooks
  • Publisher: Random House Incorporated
  • ISBN: 0812979370
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 5748
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From the influential New York Times columnist and best-selling author of Bobos in Paradise comes a landmark exploration of how human beings and communities succeed. Reprint. A #1 best-seller.

The Philosophy of Childhood

The Philosophy of Childhood

  • Author: Gareth B. Matthews
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674664807
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 136
  • View: 624
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So many questions, such an imagination, endless speculation: the child seems to be a natural philosopher--until the ripe old age of eight or nine, when the spirit of inquiry mysteriously fades. What happened? Was it something we did--or didn't do? Was the child truly the philosophical being he once seemed? Gareth Matthews takes up these concerns in The Philosophy of Childhood, a searching account of children's philosophical potential and of childhood as an area of philosophical inquiry. Seeking a philosophy that represents the range and depth of children's inquisitive minds, Matthews explores both how children think and how we, as adults, think about them. Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child's philosophical bent, Matthews suggests, and he probes the sources of these limiting assumptions: restrictive notions of maturation and conceptual development; possible lapses in episodic memory; the experience of identity and growth as "successive selves," which separate us from our own childhoods. By exposing the underpinnings of our adult views of childhood, Matthews, a philosopher and longtime advocate of children's rights, clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry. He then conducts us through various influential models for understanding what it is to be a child, from the theory that individual development recapitulates the development of the human species to accounts of moral and cognitive development, including Piaget's revolutionary model. The metaphysics of playdough, the authenticity of children's art, the effects of divorce and intimations of mortality on a child--all have a place in Matthews's rich discussion of the philosophical nature of childhood. His book will prompt us to reconsider the distinctions we make about development and the competencies of mind, and what we lose by denying childhood its full philosophical breadth.

The Political Zoo

The Political Zoo

  • Author: Michael Savage
  • Publisher: Nelson Current
  • ISBN: 9781595550729
  • Category: Humor
  • Page: 374
  • View: 7791
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Savage s funniest, most biting book yet takes readers through the zoo of political debate, identifying and describing today s major players as the animals they resemble"

Dominion

Dominion

The Power of Man, the Suffering of Animals, and the Call to Mercy

  • Author: Matthew Scully
  • Publisher: Souvenir Press
  • ISBN: 0285640089
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 464
  • View: 5243
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Dominion explores the many ways in which our society has created a climate of exploitation and cruelty toward animals, and the justifications used to maintain our dominion over animals. Our treatment of animals is a measure of our humanity and gives Dominion its Biblical impact. It is both a masterpiece of investigative journalism, exposing the world of factory farming, but also an eloquent and powerful account of the obligations owed to animals. At once humane, grounded in a sense of morality and scientific study Matthew Scully has defined the issue of animal rights and has produced a life-changing book that is a call to arms for anyone who has anything to do with animals (and that includes eating them).

Why Marx Was Right

Why Marx Was Right

  • Author: Terry Eagleton
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300231067
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 280
  • View: 5512
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Cover page -- Halftitle page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Preface -- ONE -- TWO -- THREE -- FOUR -- FIVE -- SIX -- SEVEN -- EIGHT -- NINE -- TEN -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Index

Less Than Human

Less Than Human

Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others

  • Author: David Livingstone Smith
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
  • ISBN: 9781250003836
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 5183
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Winner of the 2012 Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for Nonfiction A revelatory look at why we dehumanize each other, with stunning examples from world history as well as today's headlines "Brute." "Cockroach." "Lice." "Vermin." People often regard members of their own kind as less than human, and use terms like these for those whom they wish to harm, enslave, or exterminate. Dehumanization has made atrocities like the Holocaust, the genocide in Rwanda, and the slave trade possible. But it isn't just a relic of the past. We still find it in war, genocide, xenophobia, and racism. Smith shows that it is a dangerous mistake to think of dehumanization as the exclusive preserve of Nazis, communists, terrorists, Jews, Palestinians, or any other monster of the moment. We are all potential dehumanizers, just as we are all potential objects of dehumanization. The problem of dehumanization is everyone's problem. Less Than Human is the first book to illuminate precisely how and why we sometimes think of others as subhuman creatures. It draws on a rich mix of history, evolutionary psychology, biology, anthropology, and philosophy to document the pervasiveness of dehumanization, describe its forms, and explain why we so often resort to it. Less Than Human is a powerful and highly original study of the roots of human violence and bigotry, and it as timely as it is relevant.