Search Results for "many-particle-physics-physics-of-solids-and-liquids"

Many-Particle Physics

Many-Particle Physics

  • Author: Gerald D. Mahan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461314690
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1032
  • View: 4421
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This textbook is for a course in advanced solid-state theory. It is aimed at graduate students in their third or fourth year of study who wish to learn the advanced techniques of solid-state theoretical physics. The method of Green's functions is introduced at the beginning and used throughout. Indeed, it could be considered a book on practical applications of Green's functions, although I prefer to call it a book on physics. The method of Green's functions has been used by many theorists to derive equations which, when solved, provide an accurate numerical description of many processes in solids and quantum fluids. In this book I attempt to summarize many of these theories in order to show how Green's functions are used to solve real problems. My goal, in writing each section, is to describe calculations which can be compared with experiments and to provide these comparisons whenever available. The student is expected to have a background in quantum mechanics at the level acquired from a graduate course using the textbook by either L. I. Schiff, A. S. Davydov, or I. Landau and E. M. Lifshiftz. Similarly, a prior course in solid-state physics is expected, since the reader is assumed to know concepts such as Brillouin zones and energy band theory. Each chapter has problems which are an important part of the lesson; the problems often provide physical insights which are not in the text. Sometimes the answers to the problems are provided, but usually not.

Theoretische Festkörperphysik Band 2

Theoretische Festkörperphysik Band 2

Anwendungen: Nichtgleichgewicht, Verhalten in äußeren Feldern, kollektive Phänomene

  • Author: Gerd Czycholl
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 366253701X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 419
  • View: 371
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Der vorliegende Band 2 deckt fortgeschrittene Themen der theoretischen Festkörperphysik ab und knüpft damit direkt an die Grundlagen an. Dabei werden Festkörper in äußeren Feldern bzw. allgemeiner im Nichtgleichgewicht und Abweichungen von der idealen 3-dimensionalen Kristallstruktur (Oberflächen, Störstellen, niederdimensionale Strukturen, Quantenpunkte, etc.) behandelt. Die Betrachtung von kollektiven Phänomene wie Supraleitung und Magnetismus runden die Darstellung ab. Beim Leser werden die Inhalte von Band 1 (Elektronen und Phononen in idealen Kristallen, Bloch-Theorem, Besetzungszahldarstellung bzw. 2. Quantisierung, Elektron-Elektron- und Elektron-Phonon-Wechselwirkung) vorausgesetzt sowie die Grundkenntnisse in allgemeiner Theoretischer Physik (Mechanik, Elektrodynamik, Quantenmechanik und Statistische Physik), wie sie in der Regel nach einem Bachelor-Studium der Physik vorhanden sind. Band 2 eignet sich also hervorragend für Studierende im Master-Studiengang Physik, die sich auf (experimentelle oder theoretische) Festkörperphysik spezialisieren wollen. Das Ansprechen von aktuellen Themen (z.B. Kondo-Effekt, fraktioneller Quanten-Hall-Effekt, 2-dimensionale Kristalle wie Graphen, Riesen-Magnetowiderstands-Effekt u.a.) bietet einen optimalen Übergang zur modernen Forschung.Die Neuauflage wurde komplett überarbeitet, um zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben erweitert und vorhandene neu konzipiert, wobei die zugehörigen Lösungen nun mit ins Buch aufgenommen sind.

Theoretische Festkörperphysik

Theoretische Festkörperphysik

Von den klassischen Modellen zu modernen Forschungsthemen

  • Author: Gerd Czycholl
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3540747907
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 498
  • View: 2191
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Kompakte und vollständige Einführung in die moderne Festkörperphysik. Studierende sollten für die Lektüre Kenntnisse der klassischen Mechanik, Elektrodynamik, Quantenmechanik und Statistischen Physik besitzen, wie sie im Grundkurs Theoretische Physik an deutschsprachigen Universitäten bis zum Ende des 6. Fachsemesters vermittelt werden. Die 3., aktualisierte Auflage erläutert den Formalismus der 2. Quantisierung (Besetzungszahldarstellung), der für die Behandlung von Vielteilchen-Effekten unumgänglich ist. Von den klassischen Gebieten über die Anwendung bis hin zur aktuellen Forschung – zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben und Lösungen helfen beim Lernen.

Advanced Physics of Electron Transport in Semiconductors and Nanostructures

Advanced Physics of Electron Transport in Semiconductors and Nanostructures

  • Author: Massimo V. Fischetti,William G. Vandenberghe
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319011014
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 474
  • View: 2746
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This textbook is aimed at second-year graduate students in Physics, Electrical Engineering, or Materials Science. It presents a rigorous introduction to electronic transport in solids, especially at the nanometer scale.Understanding electronic transport in solids requires some basic knowledge of Hamiltonian Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Condensed Matter Theory, and Statistical Mechanics. Hence, this book discusses those sub-topics which are required to deal with electronic transport in a single, self-contained course. This will be useful for students who intend to work in academia or the nano/ micro-electronics industry.Further topics covered include: the theory of energy bands in crystals, of second quantization and elementary excitations in solids, of the dielectric properties of semiconductors with an emphasis on dielectric screening and coupled interfacial modes, of electron scattering with phonons, plasmons, electrons and photons, of the derivation of transport equations in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures somewhat at the quantum level, but mainly at the semi-classical level. The text presents examples relevant to current research, thus not only about Si, but also about III-V compound semiconductors, nanowires, graphene and graphene nanoribbons. In particular, the text gives major emphasis to plane-wave methods applied to the electronic structure of solids, both DFT and empirical pseudopotentials, always paying attention to their effects on electronic transport and its numerical treatment. The core of the text is electronic transport, with ample discussions of the transport equations derived both in the quantum picture (the Liouville-von Neumann equation) and semi-classically (the Boltzmann transport equation, BTE). An advanced chapter, Chapter 18, is strictly related to the ‘tricky’ transition from the time-reversible Liouville-von Neumann equation to the time-irreversible Green’s functions, to the density-matrix formalism and, classically, to the Boltzmann transport equation. Finally, several methods for solving the BTE are also reviewed, including the method of moments, iterative methods, direct matrix inversion, Cellular Automata and Monte Carlo. Four appendices complete the text.

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume 3 - Normal, Broken-Symmetry, and Correlated Systems

  • Author: Jenö Sólyom
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642045189
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 747
  • View: 2812
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This book is the third of a three-volume series written by the same author. It aims to deliver a comprehensive and self-contained account of the fundamentals of the physics of solids. In the presentation of the properties and experimentally observed phenomena together with the basic concepts and theoretical methods, it goes far beyond most classic texts. The essential features of various experimental techniques are also explained. This volume is devoted mostly to the discussion of the effects of electron—electron interaction beyond the one-electron approximation. The density-functional theory is introduced to account for correlation effects. The response to external perturbations is discussed in the framework of linear response theory. Landau’s Fermi-liquid theory is followed by the theory of Luttinger liquids. The subsequent chapters are devoted to electronic phases with broken symmetry: to itinerant magnetism, to spin- and charge-density waves and their realizations in quasi-one-dimensional materials, as well as to the microscopic theory of superconductivity. An overview is given of the physics of strongly correlated systems. The last chapter covers selected problems in the physics of disordered systems.

Experimentelle Technik der Physik

Experimentelle Technik der Physik

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Physics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6334
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Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

  • Author: Mark Fox
  • Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
  • ISBN: 9783486712407
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 523
  • View: 6109
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Dieses exzellente Werk fuhrt aus, in welcher Hinsicht optische Eigenschaften von Festkorpern anders sind als die von Atomen. [...] Die Ausgewogenheit von physikalischen Erklarungen und mathematischer Beschreibung ist sehr gut. DEr Text ist erganzt durch kritische Anmerkungen in den Marginalien und selbsterklarender Abbildungen. BArry R. MAsters, OPN Optics & Photonics News 2011 Fox ist es gelungen, eine gute, kompakte und anspruchsvolle Darstellung der optischen Eigenschaften von Festkorpern vorzulegen. AMerican Journal of Physics

Quantenfeldtheorie des Festkörpers

Quantenfeldtheorie des Festkörpers

  • Author: H. Haken
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322966941
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 9582
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Die Festkörperphysik ist eines der großen Hauptgebiete der heutigen Physik. Der Festkörper stellt mit seinen verwickelten elektrischen, optischen, thermischen und magnetischen Eigenschaften ein äußerst reizvolles Objekt moderner Grundlagen forschung dar. In der Tat gelingt es hier, die oft sehr komplizierten Erscheinungen aufzuklären und bis in die Details hinein zu verfolgen. Das damit verbundene tief greifende Verständnis der physikalischen Vorgänge im Festkörper führt darüber hinaus zu äußerst wichtigen Anwendungen, z. B. in der Nachrichten-und Computer technik. Der Studierende, der sich in dieses Gebiet einarbeiten will, stellt allerdings sehr rasch fest, daß hier in großem Umfang Begriffsbildungen und Methoden der Quantenfeld theorie verwendet werden. Diese Methoden gestatten es nicht nur, die physikalischen Vorgänge im Festkörper in eleganter Weise zu beschreiben, sondern sie haben auch zu grundsätzlich neuen Erkenntnissen geführt. Als hervorragendes Beispiel sei hier nur die Erklärung der Supraleitung erwähnt. Andererseits wird dem Studierenden in einer Kursvorlesung, etwa der Quanten mechanik, kaum die Möglichkeit geboten, dieses wichtige Gebiet kennenzulernen. Aufgabe dieses Buches soll es sein, diese Lücke zu schließen, indem es den Leser in einfacher Weise an die Begriffsbildungen und Methoden der Quantenfeldtheorie her anführt. So sollte ein Leser, der mit den mathematischen Kenntnissen der ersten drei Semes·ter und den Grundbegriffen der Quantenmechanik vertraut ist, ohne weiteres in der Lage sein, sich mit Hilfe dieses Buches in die Quantenfeldtheorie des Fest körpers einzuarbeiten.

Particle Scattering, X-Ray Diffraction, and Microstructure of Solids and Liquids

Particle Scattering, X-Ray Diffraction, and Microstructure of Solids and Liquids

  • Author: Manfred L. Ristig,Klaus A. Gernoth
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3540458816
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 196
  • View: 5975
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Interesting and new specific results of current theoretical and experimental work in various fields at the frontier of particle scattering and X-ray diffraction are reviewed in this volume. Special emphasis is placed on the study of the microstructure of solids, crystals and liquids, both classically and quantum mechanically. This gives the reader essential insights into the dynamics and properties of these states of matter. The authors address students interested in the physics of quantum solids, crystallography and material science as well as physical chemistry and computational physics.

Progress in Computational Physics of Matter

Progress in Computational Physics of Matter

Methods, Software and Applications

  • Author: Luciano Reatto,Franca Manghi
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810224042
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8897
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The aim of the book is to describe some of the recent advances, through computer simulation in a broad sense, in the understanding of the complex processes occurring in solids and liquids.The rapid growth of computer power, including the new parallel processors, has stimulated a ferment of new theoretical and computational ideas, which have been developed in particular by the authors in a pluriennal research project supported by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) for the development of novel software for large scale computations.The book will cover advances in ab initio (Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamics, quantum monte carlo simulations, self-consistent density functional computation of electronic states, classical molecular dynamics simulation of thermodynamic processes, chemical reactions and transport properties.Besides the description of the results of these techniques in leading edge applications, the book will address specific aspects of the algorithms and software which have been developed by the authors in order to implement in an efficient way the new theoretical advances in these computationally intensive problems.These aspects which are generally not discussed in any detail in the literature, can be of great help for newcomers in the field.

Moderne Physik

Moderne Physik

  • Author: Paul A. Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn
  • Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
  • ISBN: 9783486582758
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 963
  • View: 9789
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Endlich liegt die anschauliche und fundierte Einführung zur Modernen Physik von Paul A. Tipler und Ralph A. Llewellyn in der deutschen Übersetzung vor. Eine umfassende Einführung in die Relativitätstheorie, die Quantenmechanik und die statistische Physik wird im ersten Teil des Buches gegeben. Die wichtigsten Arbeitsgebiete der modernen Physik - Festkörperphysik, Kern- und Teilchenphysik sowie die Kosmologie und Astrophysik - werden in der zweiten Hälfte des Buches behandelt. Zu weiteren zahlreichen Spezialgebieten gibt es Ergänzungen im Internet beim Verlag der amerikanischen Originalausgabe, die eine Vertiefung des Stoffes ermöglichen. Mit ca. 700 Übungsaufgaben eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium sowie zur Begleitung einer entsprechenden Vorlesung. Die Übersetzung des Werkes übernahm Dr. Anna Schleitzer. Die Bearbeitung und Anpassung an Anforderungen deutscher Hochschulen wurde von Prof. Dr. G. Czycholl, Prof. Dr. W. Dreybrodt, Prof. Dr. C. Noack und Prof. Dr. U. Strohbusch durchgeführt. Dieses Team gewährleistet auch für die deutsche Fassung die wissenschaftliche Exaktheit und Stringenz des Originals.

Modern Theories of Many-Particle Systems in Condensed Matter Physics

Modern Theories of Many-Particle Systems in Condensed Matter Physics

  • Author: Daniel C. Cabra,Andreas Honecker,Pierre Pujol
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642104495
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3255
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Condensed matter systems where interactions are strong are inherently difficult to analyze theoretically. The situation is particularly interesting in low-dimensional systems, where quantum fluctuations play a crucial role. Here, the development of non-perturbative methods and the study of integrable field theory have facilitated the understanding of the behavior of many quasi one- and two-dimensional strongly correlated systems. In view of the same rapid development that has taken place for both experimental and numerical techniques, as well as the emergence of novel testing-grounds such as cold atoms or graphene, the current understanding of strongly correlated condensed matter systems differs quite considerably from standard textbook presentations. The present volume of lecture notes aims to fill this gap in the literature by providing a collection of authoritative tutorial reviews, covering such topics as quantum phase transitions of antiferromagnets and cuprate-based high-temperature superconductors, electronic liquid crystal phases, graphene physics, dynamical mean field theory applied to strongly correlated systems, transport through quantum dots, quantum information perspectives on many-body physics, frustrated magnetism, statistical mechanics of classical and quantum computational complexity, and integrable methods in statistical field theory. As both graduate-level text and authoritative reference on this topic, this book will benefit newcomers and more experienced researchers in this field alike.

The Physics of Phase Transitions

The Physics of Phase Transitions

Concepts and Applications

  • Author: Pierre Papon,Jacques Leblond,Paul H.E. Meijer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540333908
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 410
  • View: 6963
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This book occupies an important place at the crossroads of several fields central to materials sciences. The expanded second edition incorporates new developments in the states of matter physics, and includes end-of-chapter problems and complete answers.

American Journal of Physics

American Journal of Physics

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Physics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8158
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Physics of Electric Propulsion

Physics of Electric Propulsion

  • Author: Robert G. Jahn
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486138674
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 9978
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Geared toward advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this text develops the concepts of electrical acceleration of gases for propulsion, from primary physical principles to realistic space thruster designs. 1968 edition.

Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics

Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics

  • Author: F. Reif
  • Publisher: Waveland Press
  • ISBN: 1478610050
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 651
  • View: 3064
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All macroscopic systems consist ultimately of atoms obeying the laws of quantum mechanics. That premise forms the basis for this comprehensive text, intended for a first upper-level course in statistical and thermal physics. Reif emphasizes that the combination of microscopic concepts with some statistical postulates leads readily to conclusions on a purely macroscopic level. The authors writing style and penchant for description energize interest in condensed matter physics as well as provide a conceptual grounding with information that is crystal clear and memorable. Reif first introduces basic probability concepts and statistical methods used throughout all of physics. Statistical ideas are then applied to systems of particles in equilibrium to enhance an understanding of the basic notions of statistical mechanics, from which derive the purely macroscopic general statements of thermodynamics. Next, he turns to the more complicated equilibrium situations, such as phase transformations and quantum gases, before discussing nonequilibrium situations in which he treats transport theory and dilute gases at varying levels of sophistication. In the last chapter, he addresses some general questions involving irreversible processes and fluctuations. A large amount of material is presented to facilitate students later access to more advanced works, to allow those with higher levels of curiosity to read beyond the minimum given on a topic, and to enhance understanding by presenting several ways of looking at a particular question. Formatting within the text either signals material that instructors can assign at their own discretion or highlights important results for easy reference to them. Additionally, by solving many of the 230 problems contained in the text, students activate and embed their knowledge of the subject matter.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 3

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 3

Elektrodynamik

  • Author: Wolfgang Nolting
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3540350764
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 501
  • View: 8041
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Der beliebte Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in sieben Bänden alle für das Diplom maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt gut durchdacht das im jeweiligen Semester nötige theoretische-physikalische Rüstzeug. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffes.

Principles of Statistical Physics

Principles of Statistical Physics

Distributions, Structures, Phenomena, Kinetics of Atomic Systems

  • Author: Boris M. Smirnov
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527608311
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 474
  • View: 1318
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Written for graduate or advanced students as well as for professionals in physics and chemistry, this book includes the fundamental concepts of statistical physics and physical kinetics. These concepts relate to a wide range of physical objects, such as liquids and solids, gases and plasmas, clusters and systems of complex molecules. The book analyzes various structures of many-particle systems, such as crystal structures, lamellar structures, fractal aggregates and fractal structures, while comparing different methods of description for certain systems and phenomena. Developed from a lecture course on statistical physics and kinetic theory of various atomic systems, the text provides a maximum number of concepts in the simplest way, based on simple problems and using various methods.

EUREKA!

EUREKA!

Physics of Particles, Matter and the Universe

  • Author: R.J Blin-Stoyle
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420046892
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 3771
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This is an accessible introduction to the subject of physics, and how it underpins our understanding of the physical world today. Starting with an initial description of what physics represents from the micro- to the macroscopic, Roger Blin-Stoyle takes the reader on a tour of Newton's Laws, the nature of matter, explaining how the physical world works and how physics may affect our future understanding. The treatment avoids detailed mathematics, and at all times relates the concepts introduced to the reader's everyday experience. The author makes effective use of simple, line drawings to illustrate the concepts introduced. Topics are presented with clarity and precision. The author's enthusiasm for his subject, and his desire to make it comprehensible to the widest possible audience are evident. It is a good foundation for exploring the more exotic aspects of physics, as presented by, for example, Close, Davies and Hawking. Suggestions for further reading are included as an appendix.