Search Results for "marcel-mauss"

Marcel Mauss

Marcel Mauss

A Centenary Tribute

  • Author: Wendy James,Marcel Mauss,N. J. Allen
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571817037
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 260
  • View: 862
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There are fresh insights into comparative politics and history, modern forms of charity, and new readings of some political and historical aspects of Mauss' work that bear on the analysis of regions such as Africa and the Middle East, relatively neglected by the Durkheimian school and by structuralism. This volume is a timely tribute to mark the centenary of Mauss' early work and confirms the continuing relevance of his ideas.

Essai Sur Le Don

Essai Sur Le Don

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415267496
  • Category: Ceremonial exchange
  • Page: 199
  • View: 6133
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In this, his most famous work, Marcel Mauss presented to the world a book which revolutionized our understanding of some of the basic structures of society. By identifying the complex web of exchange and obligation involved in the act of giving, Mauss called into question many of our social conventions and economic systems. In a world rife with runaway consumption, The Gift continues to excite and challenge.

A General Theory of Magic

A General Theory of Magic

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134522231
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 8428
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First written by Marcel Mauss and Henri Humbert in 1902, A General Theory of Magic gained a wide new readership when republished by Mauss in 1950. As a study of magic in 'primitive' societies and its survival today in our thoughts and social actions, it represents what Claude Lévi-Strauss called, in an introduction to that edition, the astonishing modernity of the mind of one of the century's greatest thinkers. The book offers a fascinating snapshot of magic throughout various cultures as well as deep sociological and religious insights still very much relevant today. At a period when art, magic and science appear to be crossing paths once again, A General Theory of Magic presents itself as a classic for our times.

Introduction to the Work of Marcel Mauss

Introduction to the Work of Marcel Mauss

  • Author: Claude Levi-Strauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136188800
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 104
  • View: 1807
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First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Marcel Mauss

Marcel Mauss

A Biography

  • Author: Marcel Fournier
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691117775
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 442
  • View: 2645
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The book addresses, among other topics, the effect of the Dreyfus Affair and the First World War on Mauss's thought, and the inner dynamics of the group of scholars around Mauss and Durkheim at the journal they helped establish, Annee sociologique. The fruit of vast research, Marcel Mauss: A Biography is the life story both of a legendary scholar and of the institutionalization of sociology and anthropology.

The Nature of Sociology

The Nature of Sociology

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1571816593
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 93
  • View: 5540
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Translation of two works: Sociologie, first published in 1901 in La grande encyclopedie; and, Divisions et proportions des divisions de la sociologie, first published in 1927.

Manual of Ethnography

Manual of Ethnography

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781845453213
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 212
  • View: 4973
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Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) was the leading social anthropologist in Paris between the world wars, and his Manuel d'ethnographie, dating from that period, is the longest of all his texts. Despite having had four editions in France, the Manuel has hitherto been unavailable in English. This contrasts with his essays, longer and shorter, many of which have long enjoyed the status of classics within anthropology. We are therefore pleased to present, in the English language for the first time, this extraordinary work that is based on the more than thirty lectures Mauss delivered each year under the title "Instructions in descriptive ethnography, intended for travelers, administrators and missionaries." Despite his dates, Mauss's treatment of fundamental questions, such as how to conceptualize and classify the range of social phenomena known to us from history and ethnography, has lost none of its freshness.

Techniques, Technology and Civilization

Techniques, Technology and Civilization

  • Author: Marcel Mauss,Nathan Schlanger
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1571816623
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 177
  • View: 8074
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Marcel Mauss's writings on techniques and technology are at the forefront of an important anthropological and sociological research tradition, and they also highlight the theoretical and ideological challenges surrounding this field of study. A selection of Mauss's texts - including his major statements on methodology, on body techniques, on practical reason, on nation and civilisation, on progress, and so forth - are here translated and presented together for the first time, with a discussion of their context, impact and implications. This book will interest scholars and students dealing with the French sociological tradition, and also more generally those concerned with technology and material culture studies in archaeological,anthropological or contemporary settings.

Sacrifice

Sacrifice

Its Nature and Functions

  • Author: Henri Hubert,Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226356792
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 165
  • View: 4674
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Primitive Classification (Routledge Revivals)

Primitive Classification (Routledge Revivals)

  • Author: Emile Durkheim,Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135174318
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 102
  • View: 3408
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In this influential work, first published in English in 1963, Durkheim and Mauss claim that the individual mind is capable of classification and they seek the origin of the ‘classificatory function’ in society. On the basis of an intensive examination of forms and principles of symbolic classification reported from the Australian aborigines, the Zuñi and traditional China, they try to establish a formal correspondence between social and symbolic classification. From this they argue that the mode of classification is determined by the form of society and that the notions of space, time, hierarchy, number, class and other such cognitive categories are products of society. Dr Needham’s introduction assesses the validity of Durkhiem and Mauss’s argument, traces its continued influence in various disciplines, and indicates its analytical value for future researches in social anthropology.

Sociology and Psychology

Sociology and Psychology

Essays

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9780710088772
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 135
  • View: 1514
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Seasonal Variations of the Eskimo

Seasonal Variations of the Eskimo

A Study in Social Morphology

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136541934
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 152
  • View: 8972
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Seasonal Variations of the Eskimo is one of the first books in anthropology to adopt a sociological approach to the analysis of a single society. Mauss links elements of anthropology and human geography, arguing that geographical factors should be considered in relation to a social context in all its complexity. The work is an illuminating source on the Eskimo and a proto-type of what an anthropologist should do with ethnographic data and exerted considerable influence on the development of social anthropology. English translation first published in 1979.

The Gift

The Gift

Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Martino Fine Books
  • ISBN: 9781614271239
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 146
  • View: 4781
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"Since its first publication in English in 1954, Marcel Mauss's Essai sur le Don has been acclaimed as a classic among anthropology texts. A brilliant example of the comparative method, it presents the first systematic study of the custom -- widespread in primitive societies from ancient Rome to present-day Melanesia -- of exchanging gifts." "The gift is a perfect example of what Mauss calls a total social phenomenon, since it involves legal, economic, moral, religious, aesthetic, and other dimensions. He sees the gift exchange as related to individuals and groups as much as to the objects themselves, and his analysis calls into question the social conventions and economic systems that had been taken for granted for so many years." "In a modern translation, introduced by the distinguished anthropologist Mary Douglas, The Gift is essential reading for students of social anthropology and sociology.

Saints, Heroes, Myths, and Rites

Saints, Heroes, Myths, and Rites

Classical Durkheimian Studies of Religion and Society

  • Author: Marcel Mauss,Henri Hubert,Robert Hertz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317252594
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6659
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Classical Durkheimian Studies of Myth and the Sacred presents English translations of several important essays, some never before translated, by members of the famous Annee sociologique group around Emile Durkheim. These works by Marcel Mauss, Henri Hubert, and Robert Hertz are key contributions to today's growing interest in and reinterpretation of Durkheimian thought on culture, religion, and symbolism. The central thrust in this new interpretive effort uses the Durkheimian theory of the sacred to understand the symbolism and meanings of cultural structures and narratives more generally. This book is vital to any contemporary collection emphasizing social theory.

Gifts of Cooperation, Mauss and Pragmatism

Gifts of Cooperation, Mauss and Pragmatism

  • Author: Frank Adloff
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317434943
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 182
  • View: 5899
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This book focuses on the contribution of Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) to social theory and a theory of cooperation. It shows that Mauss’s essay "The Gift" (1925) can be seen as a classic of a pragmatist, interactionist and anti-utilitarian sociology. It critiques the dichotomy of self-interest and normatively orientated action that forms the basis of sociology. This conceptual dichotomization has caused forms of social interaction (that cannot be localized either on the side of self-interest or on that of morality) to be overlooked or taken little notice of. The book argues that it is the logic of the gift and its reciprocity that accompany and structure all forms of interaction, from the social micro to the macro-level. It demonstrates that in modern societies agonistic and non-agonistic gifts form their own orders of interaction. This book uniquely establishes the paradigm of the gift as the basis for a theory of interaction. It will be of great interest to researchers and postgraduates in social theory, cultural theory, political sociology and global cooperation, anthropology, philosophy and politics.

On Prayer

On Prayer

  • Author: Mauss (Pickering),W. S. F. Pickering,Howard Morphy
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 158
  • View: 2329
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Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) never completed his Doctoral thesis on prayer. Yet his scarcely mentioned introduction (Books I and II) of 176 pages and privately printed in 1909, can be seen as some of his most important work. His argument that much of prayer is a social act will be of great interest to anthropologists, sociologists and theologians. Here, the first English translation to be published, is preceded by a general introduction by W.S.F.Pickering and finally a specific commentary on Mauss's use of ethnographic material.

The Gift: Expanded Edition

The Gift: Expanded Edition

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Hau
  • ISBN: 9780990505006
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 237
  • View: 9012
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Scan down a list of essential works in any introduction to anthropology course and you are likely to see to see Marcel Mauss’s masterpiece, Essay on the Gift. With this new translation, this crucial essay is returned to its original context, published alongside the profound works that framed its first publication in the 1923–24 issue of L’Année Sociologique. With a critical foreword by Maurice Godelier, this is certain to become the standard English version of this important anthropological work. Included alongside the “Essay on the Gift” are Mauss’s memorial accounts of the work of colleagues lost during World War I, as well as his scholarly reviews of influential contemporaries such as Franz Boas, James George Frazer, Bronislaw Malinowski, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, and others. Read in the context of these additional pieces, the “Essay on the Gift” is revealed as a complementary whole, a gesture of both personal and political generosity: his honor for his fallen colleagues; his aspiration for modern society’s recuperation of the gift as a mode of repair; and his own careful, yet critical, reading of his intellectual milieu. The result sets the scene for a whole new generation of readers to study this essay alongside pieces that exhibit the erudition, political commitment, and generous collegial exchange that first nourished it into life.

The Gift

The Gift

The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies

  • Author: Marcel Mauss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9780415044882
  • Category: Exchange
  • Page: 164
  • View: 3001
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Since its first publication in England in 1954, Essai sur le donhas been much admired and hailed among anthropology texts as a classic.

Categories and Classifications

Categories and Classifications

Maussian Reflections on the Social

  • Author: N. J. Allen
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571818249
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 165
  • View: 1316
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The excavation and reconstruction of Maussian meanings proves richly gratifying to the intellectual archaeologist." . American Anthropologist "Many of the items in this book are thought-provoking ... One of its strengths is the insights it frequently gives into the divergences between Mauss's and Durkheim's thought." . Anthropological Theory "This is an important book ... by paying attention to the cultural construction of violence across time we can hope to be better able to explain the complex social dynamics that give rise to the actual use of violence." . Anthropological Theory Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), Durkheim's nephew, was a key figure among Durkheimians and helped to found the distinctive French tradition in the social sciences at the start of the 20th century. He dominated the teaching of social anthropology in Paris between the Wars, and his Essay on the Gift (1925) is a well established classic. However, it is only recently that the breadth and freshness of his oeuvre as a whole is being reassessed and is gaining wider appreciation. Having found inspiration in Mauss's texts for over twenty years, the author here explores not only what he thought but also how his ideas can be developed and applied in new ways. Thus Durkheim and Mauss's notion of "primitive classification," often misunderstood, is well exemplified by Indo-European ideology as analysed by Georges Dumezil and current comparativists, and it is argued that this ancient ideology influenced the Durkheimian classification of "social facts." Mauss's reflections on kinship and social aggregation point us towards aspects of proto-human societies that are underemphasized by contemporary palaeoanthropology, and his vision of world history in terms of emic categories - fundamental ideas such as person, space, totality, substance - casts new light on much we take for granted, as well as on The Gift. Mauss specialized in religion, and his treatment of the rubric goes beyond his uncle's unitary definition in terms of the sacred. In assembling and presenting his essays on this intellectual giant, the author tries both to convey the range and quality of Mauss's mind and to take further his scattered and partial insights."

In the Museum of Man

In the Museum of Man

Race, Anthropology, and Empire in France, 1850–1950

  • Author: Alice L. Conklin
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801469031
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 4300
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In the Museum of Man offers new insight into the thorny relationship between science, society, and empire at the high-water mark of French imperialism and European racism. Alice L. Conklin takes us into the formative years of French anthropology and social theory between 1850 and 1900; then deep into the practice of anthropology, under the name of ethnology, both in Paris and in the empire before and especially after World War I; and finally, into the fate of the discipline and its practitioners under the German Occupation and its immediate aftermath. Conklin addresses the influence exerted by academic networks, museum collections, and imperial connections in defining human diversity socioculturally rather than biologically, especially in the wake of resurgent anti-Semitism at the time of the Dreyfus Affair and in the 1930s and 1940s. Students of the progressive social scientist Marcel Mauss were exposed to the ravages of imperialism in the French colonies where they did fieldwork; as a result, they began to challenge both colonialism and the scientific racism that provided its intellectual justification. Indeed, a number of them were killed in the Resistance, fighting for the humanist values they had learned from their teachers and in the field. A riveting story of a close-knit community of scholars who came to see all societies as equally complex, In the Museum of Man serves as a reminder that if scientific expertise once authorized racism, anthropologists also learned to rethink their paradigms and mobilize against racial prejudice—a lesson well worth remembering today.