Search Results for "marx-at-the-margins"

Marx at the Margins

Marx at the Margins

On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies

  • Author: Kevin B. Anderson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022634570X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 9338
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In Marx at the Margins, Kevin Anderson uncovers a variety of extensive but neglected texts by Marx that cast what we thought we knew about his work in a startlingly different light. Analyzing a variety of Marx’s writings, including journalistic work written for the New York Tribune, Anderson presents us with a Marx quite at odds with conventional interpretations. Rather than providing us with an account of Marx as an exclusively class-based thinker, Anderson here offers a portrait of Marx for the twenty-first century: a global theorist whose social critique was sensitive to the varieties of human social and historical development, including not just class, but nationalism, race, and ethnicity, as well. Through highly informed readings of work ranging from Marx’s unpublished 1879–82 notebooks to his passionate writings about the antislavery cause in the United States, this volume delivers a groundbreaking and canon-changing vision of Karl Marx that is sure to provoke lively debate in Marxist scholarship and beyond. For this expanded edition, Anderson has written a new preface that discusses the additional 1879–82 notebook material, as well as the influence of the Russian-American philosopher Raya Dunayevskaya on his thinking.

Marx at the Margins

Marx at the Margins

On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies

  • Author: Kevin B. Anderson
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226019845
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7643
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In Marx at the Margins, Kevin Anderson uncovers a variety of extensive but neglected texts by the well-known political economist which cast what we thought we knew about his work in a startlingly different light. Analyzing a variety of Marx’s writings, including journalistic work written for the New York Tribune, Anderson presents us with a Marx quite at odds with our conventional interpretations. Rather than providing us with an account of Marx as an exclusively class-based thinker, Anderson here offers a portrait of Marx for the twenty-first century: a global theorist whose social critique was sensitive to the varieties of human social and historical development, including not just class, but nationalism, race, and ethnicity, as well. Marx at the Margins ultimately argues that alongside his overarching critique of capital, Marx created a theory of history that was multi-layered and not easily reduced to a single model of development or revolution. Through highly-informed readings on work ranging from Marx’s unpublished 1879–82 notebooks to his passionate writings about the antislavery cause in the United States, this volume delivers a groundbreaking and canon-changing vision of Karl Marx that is sure to provoke lively debate in Marxist scholarship and beyond.

Eurocentrism at the Margins

Eurocentrism at the Margins

Encounters, Critics and Going Beyond

  • Author: Lutfi Sunar
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317139968
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 6968
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Eurocentrism remains a prevailing feature of Western-dominated social scientific perspectives, tending to ignore alternative views originating outside the West and thus maintaining a form of scholarly hegemony. As such, there is an urgent need to reconsider Eurocentrism in social science, to ask whether it constitutes an obstacle to understanding social problems and whether it is possible to go beyond Eurocentrism in the construction of reliable, more universal knowledge. At the same time, certain questions persist, particularly with regard to the extent to which recent revisionist challenges have really contributed to the surmounting of Eurocentric domination, and whether the constant repetition of the concept serves to reinforce it. This book engages with the central problems of Eurocentrism in the social sciences, bringing together the work of scholars from around the world to offer a critique of this perspective from both European and non-European positions, thus shedding light on the binaries that often come into being in debates in this field. Thematically organised and addressing a range of questions, including Eurocentrism in historical studies, in the understanding of religion and civilisation and in the study of international relations, as well as in the institutionalisation and professionalisation of research and discourses on modernisation in the Middle East, Eurocentrism at the Margins will appeal to scholars with interests in knowledge production and circulation, and Eurocentrism and post-colonialism in the social sciences.

Marx's Concept of the Alternative to Capitalism

Marx's Concept of the Alternative to Capitalism

  • Author: Peter Hudis
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004229868
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 1391
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This is the first book-length study of Marx’s concept of the alternative to capitalism. It shows that his critique of capital flowed from a commitment to a specific vision of the kind of human relations that define a new society.

Considerations on Western Marxism

Considerations on Western Marxism

  • Author: Perry Anderson
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1784787892
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 140
  • View: 992
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This synoptic essay considers the nature and evolution of the Marxist theory that developed in Western Europe, after the defeat of the proletarian rebellions in the West and the isolation of the Russian Revolution in the East in the early 1920s. It focuses particularly on the work of Lukács, Korsch and Gramsci; Adorno, Marcuse and Benjamin; Sartre and Althusser; and Della Volpe and Colletti, together with other figures within Western Marxism from 1920 to 1975. The theoretical production of each of these thinkers is related simultaneously to the practical fate of working-class struggles and to the cultural mutations of bourgeois thought in their time. The philosophical antecedents of the various school within this tradition—Lukácsian, Gramscian, Frankfurt, Sartrean, Althusserian and Della Volpean—are compared, and the specific innovations of their respective systems surveyed. The structural unity of 'Western Marxism', beyond the diversity of its individual thinkers, is then assessed, in a balance-sheet that contrasts its heritage with the tradition of 'classical' Marxism that preceded it, and with the commanding problems which will confront any historical materialism to succeed it. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Lenin, Hegel, and Western Marxism

Lenin, Hegel, and Western Marxism

A Critical Study

  • Author: Kevin Anderson
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252065033
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 311
  • View: 5003
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Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy

Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy

On Subversion and Negative Reason

  • Author: Werner Bonefeld
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1623563313
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7001
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Subversive thought is none other than the cunning of reason when confronted with a social reality in which the poor and miserable are required to sustain the illusion of fictitious wealth. Yet, this subsidy is absolutely necessary in existing society, to prevent its implosion. The critique of political economy is a thoroughly subversive business. It rejects the appearance of economic reality as a natural thing, argues that economy has not independent existence, expounds economy as political economy, and rejects as conformist rebellion those anti-capitalist perspectives that derive their rationality from the existing conceptuality of society. Subversion focuses on human conditions. Its critical subject is society unaware of itself. This book develops Marx's critique of political economy as negative theory of society. It does not conform to the patterns of the world and demands that society rids itself of all the muck of ages and founds itself anew.

Western Marxism and the Soviet Union

Western Marxism and the Soviet Union

A Survey of Critical Theories and Debates Since 1917

  • Author: Marcel Van Der Linden
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004158758
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 380
  • View: 7637
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If the Soviet Union did not have a socialist society, then how should its nature be understood? The present book presents the first comprehensive appraisal of the debates on this problem, which was so central to twentieth-century Marxism.

The Sublime Perversion of Capital

The Sublime Perversion of Capital

Marxist Theory and the Politics of History in Modern Japan

  • Author: Gavin Walker
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 082237420X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 720
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In The Sublime Perversion of Capital Gavin Walker examines the Japanese debate about capitalism between the 1920s and 1950s, using it as a "prehistory" to consider current discussions of uneven development and contemporary topics in Marxist theory and historiography. Walker locates the debate's culmination in the work of Uno Kōzō, whose investigations into the development of capitalism and the commodification of labor power are essential for rethinking the national question in Marxist theory. Walker's analysis of Uno and the Japanese debate strips Marxist historiography of its Eurocentric focus, showing how Marxist thought was globalized from the start. In analyzing the little-heralded tradition of Japanese Marxist theory alongside Marx himself, Walker not only offers new insights into the transition to capitalism, the rise of globalization, and the relation between capital and the formation of the nation-state; he provides new ways to break Marxist theory's impasse with postcolonial studies and critical theory.

The Rosa Luxemburg Reader

The Rosa Luxemburg Reader

  • Author: Rosa Luxemburg
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 158367103X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 447
  • View: 8594
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Among the major Marxist thinkers of the Russian Revolution era, Rosa Luxemburg stands out as one who speaks to our own time. Her legacy grows in relevance as the global character of the capitalist market becomes more apparent and the critique of bureaucratic power is more widely accepted within the movement for human liberation. The Rosa Luxemburg Reader is the definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings in English translation. Unlike previous publications of her work from the early 1970s, this volume includes substantial extracts from her major economic writings—above all, The Accumulation of Capital (1913)—and from her political writings, including Reform or Revolution (1898), the Junius Pamphlet (1916), and The Russian Revolution (1918). The Reader also includes a number of important texts that have never before been published in English translation, including substantial extracts from her Introduction to Political Economy (1916), and a recently-discovered piece on slavery. With a substantial introduction assessing Luxemburg's work in the light of recent research, The Rosa Luxemburg Reader is an indispensable resource for scholarship and an inspiration for a new generation of activists.

Karl Marx’s Ecosocialism

Karl Marx’s Ecosocialism

Capital, Nature, and the Unfinished Critique of Political Economy

  • Author: Kohei Saito
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 1583676406
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 5166
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Reveals the ideal of a sustainable ecosocialist world in Marx’s writings Karl Marx, author of what is perhaps the world’s most resounding and significant critique of bourgeois political economy, has frequently been described as a “Promethean.” According to critics, Marx held an inherent belief in the necessity of humans to dominate the natural world, in order to end material want and create a new world of fulfillment and abundance—a world where nature is mastered, not by anarchic capitalism, but by a planned socialist economy. Understandably, this perspective has come under sharp attack, not only from mainstream environmentalists but also from ecosocialists, many of whom reject Marx outright. Kohei Saito’s Karl Marx’s Ecosocialism lays waste to accusations of Marx’s ecological shortcomings. Delving into Karl Marx’s central works, as well as his natural scientific notebooks—published only recently and still being translated—Saito also builds on the works of scholars such as John Bellamy Foster and Paul Burkett, to argue that Karl Marx actually saw the environmental crisis embedded in capitalism. “It is not possible to comprehend the full scope of [Marx’s] critique of political economy,” Saito writes, “if one ignores its ecological dimension.” Saito’s book is crucial today, as we face unprecedented ecological catastrophes—crises that cannot be adequately addressed without a sound theoretical framework. Karl Marx’s Ecosocialism shows us that Marx has given us more than we once thought, that we can now come closer to finishing Marx’s critique, and to building a sustainable ecosocialist world.

Fanaticism

Fanaticism

On the Uses of an Idea

  • Author: Alberto Toscano
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1786630567
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 8771
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A genealogy of fanaticism—unearthing its long history, before it became a tool in the Clash of Civilizations The idea of fanaticism as a deviant or extreme variant of an already irrational set of religious beliefs is today invoked by the West in order to demonize and psychologize any non-liberal politics. Alberto Toscano’s compelling and erudite counter-history explodes this accepted interpretation in exploring the critical role fanaticism played in forming modern politics and the liberal state. In a radical new interpretation, he places the fanatic at the very heart of politics, arguing that historical and revolutionary transformations require a new understanding of his role. Showing how fanaticism results from the failure to formulate an adequate emancipatory politics, this illuminating history sheds new light on an idea that continues to dominate debates about faith and secularism. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Theory and History

Theory and History

Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation

  • Author: Jairus Banaji
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 900418368X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 406
  • View: 7105
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The twelve essays in this book demonstrate the importance of bringing history back into historical materialism. They combine the discussion of Marx's categories with historical work on a wide range of themes and periods (the early middle ages, 'Asiatic' regimes, agrarian capitalism, etc.).

Marx and Freud in Latin America

Marx and Freud in Latin America

Politics, Psychoanalysis, and Religion in Times of Terror

  • Author: Bruno Bosteels
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1844678474
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6970
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This book assesses the untimely relevance of Marx and Freud for Latin America, thinkers alien to the region who became an inspiration to its beleaguered activists, intellectuals, writers and artists during times of political and cultural oppression. Bruno Bosteels presents ten case studies arguing that art and literature—the novel, poetry, theatre, film—more than any militant tract or theoretical essay, can give us a glimpse into Marxism and psychoanalysis, not so much as sciences of history or of the unconscious, respectively, but rather as two intricately related modes of understanding the formation of subjectivity.

Globalization and the Critique of Political Economy

Globalization and the Critique of Political Economy

New Insights from Marxʼs Writings

  • Author: Lucia Pradella
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317800729
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 218
  • View: 4573
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The nature of the contemporary global political economy and the significance of the current crisis are a matter of wide-ranging intellectual and political debate, which has contributed to a revival of interest in Marx’s critique of political economy. This book interrogates such a critique within the broader framework of the history of political economy, and offers a new appreciation of its contemporary relevance. A distinctive feature of this study is its use of the new historical critical edition of the writings of Marx and Engels (MEGA2), their partially unpublished notebooks in particular. The sheer volume of this material forces a renewed encounter with Marx. It demonstrates that the international sphere and non-European societies had an increasing importance in his research, which developed the scientific elements elaborated by Marx’s predecessors. This book questions widespread assumptions that the nation-state was the starting point for the analysis of development. It explores the international foundations of political economy, from mercantilism to Adam Smith and David Ricardo and to Hegel, and investigates how the understanding of the international political economy informs the interpretations of history to which it gave rise. The book then traces the developments of Marx’s critique of political economy from the early 1840s to Capital Volume 1 and shows that his deepening understanding of the laws of capitalist uneven and combined development allowed him to recognise the growth of a world working class. Marx’s work thus offers the necessary categories to develop an alternative to methodological nationalism and Eurocentrism grounded in a critique of political economy. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the development of Marx’s thought and in the foundations of International Political Economy.

A World to Win

A World to Win

The Life and Thought of Karl Marx

  • Author: Sven-Eric Liedman
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1786635046
  • Category: Communism
  • Page: 768
  • View: 4124
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The globalised world of the twenty-first century has many parallels with that of the period running up to the cataclysm of 1914, namely the world predicted by Karl Marx. Communications go that much faster, but this is a difference of degree, not type. People, messages, and ideas are flung around the globe. Money circulates in a never-ceasing torrent, poverty lives side by side with wealth, and capital exercises its impersonal power over each and every one of us. In this world, Karl Marx blunt and straightforward enough to inspire criticism of the latest exploits of capitalism, the failings of politics, and the genuflection of those in power before fetishes like The Market ' lives on. Despite nearly 200 years having passed since his birth, his burning condemnation of capitalism remains of immediate interest today. The texts he left behind gave rise to what would come to be called Marxism, but that was a term he rejected. His approach enormous amounts of reading and writing, integrating new discoveries from the various sciences into his analyses of society was a far cry from how his theories would come to be used in states where only one, party-approved interpretation was allowed. Now, more than ever before, these texts can be read for what they truly are. In addition to providing a living picture of Marx the man, his life, and his family and friends as well as his lifelong collaboration with Friedrich Engels Sweden 's leading intellectual historian Sven-Eric Liedman, in this major new biography, shows what Karl Marx the thinker and researcher really wrote, demonstrating that this giant of the nineteenth century can still exert a powerful attraction for the inhabitants of the twenty-first.

The Marxism of Manuel Sacristán

The Marxism of Manuel Sacristán

From Communism to the New Social Movements

  • Author: Manuel Sacristán
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004280529
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1452
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The Marxism of Manuel Sacristán: From Communism to the New Social Movements offers a substantial selection of some of the most significant writings on Marx, Marxism, and radical social theory by Spain’s most important Marxist philosopher.

Specters of Marx

Specters of Marx

The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning and the New International

  • Author: Jacques Derrida
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136758607
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5647
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Prodigiously influential, Jacques Derrida gave rise to a comprehensive rethinking of the basic concepts and categories of Western philosophy in the latter part of the twentieth century, with writings central to our understanding of language, meaning, identity, ethics and values. In 1993, a conference was organized around the question, 'Whither Marxism?’, and Derrida was invited to open the proceedings. His plenary address, 'Specters of Marx', delivered in two parts, forms the basis of this book. Hotly debated when it was first published, a rapidly changing world and world politics have scarcely dented the relevance of this book.

Marxist Modern

Marxist Modern

An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution

  • Author: Donald Lewis Donham
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520213296
  • Category: History
  • Page: 236
  • View: 9368
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"Donham's beautifully written book makes a singular contribution to the emerging literature on global modernities. Donham creatively and seamlessly weaves together an array of textual fragments that enliven and enhance his ethnographic accounts, and together produce a fascinating book and a very good read." --Charles Piot, Duke University

Orientalism

Orientalism

  • Author: Edward W. Said
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0804153868
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3568
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More than three decades after its first publication, Edward Said's groundbreaking critique of the West's historical, cultural, and political perceptions of the East has become a modern classic. In this wide-ranging, intellectually vigorous study, Said traces the origins of "orientalism" to the centuries-long period during which Europe dominated the Middle and Near East and, from its position of power, defined "the orient" simply as "other than" the occident. This entrenched view continues to dominate western ideas and, because it does not allow the East to represent itself, prevents true understanding. Essential, and still eye-opening, Orientalism remains one of the most important books written about our divided world. From the Trade Paperback edition.