Search Results for "materialism-and-empirio-criticism-critical-comments-on-a-reactionary-philosophy"

Materialism and Empirio-Criticism

Materialism and Empirio-Criticism

Critical Comments on a Reactionary Philosophy

  • Author: V. I. Lenin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780898758931
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 391
  • View: 8381
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This text is a classic of Lenin - his essay explores materialism and its relation to capitalism and how Communism can get over this psychological wish for material and empirical ownership.

Exciting femme fatale

Exciting femme fatale

Bonds of irresistible desire

  • Author: Heinz Duthel
  • Publisher: neobooks
  • ISBN: 374274075X
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 337
  • View: 4333
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I feel like a man who goes to the trash can and looks for things that other peoples do not want and gave thrown away. WOMAN? Very simple, say the fanciers of simple formulas: she is a womb, an ovary; she is a female – this word is sufficient to define her. "At least two thirds of our miseries spring from human stupidity, human malice and those great motivators and justifiers of malice and stupidity, idealism, dogmatism and proselytizing zeal on behalf of religious or political idols." In the Middle Ages, the idea of the dangers of female sexuality, typified by Eve, was commonly expressed in medieval romances as a wicked, seductive enchantress, the prime example being Morgan le Fay. The femme fatale flourished in the Romantic period in the works of John Keats, notably "La Belle Dame sans Merci" and "Lamia". Along with them, there rose the gothic novel, The Monk featuring Matilda, a very potent femme fatale. This led to her appearing in the work of Edgar Allan Poe, and as the vampiress, notably in Carmilla and Brides of Dracula. The Monk was greatly admired by the Marquis de Sade, for whom the femme fatale symbolised not evil, but all the best qualities of Women, with his novel Juliette being perhaps the earliest wherein the femme fatale triumphs. Pre-Raphaelite painters frequently used the classic personifications of the femme fatale as a subject. No longer was she merely the dancing-girl who extorts a cry of lust and concupiscence from an old man by the lascivious contortions of her body; who breaks the will, masters the mind of a King by the spectacle of her quivering bosoms, heaving belly and tossing thighs; she was now revealed in a sense as the symbolic incarnation of world-old Vice, the goddess of immortal Hysteria, the Curse of Beauty supreme above all other beauties by the cataleptic spasm that stirs her flesh and steels her muscles, - a monstrous Beast of the Apocalypse, indifferent, irresponsible, insensible, poisoning.

Philosophy in Russia

Philosophy in Russia

From Herzen to Lenin and Berdyaev

  • Author: Frederick Copleston
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441129901
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 462
  • View: 6228
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Philosophy in Russia covers its subject broadly and in detail from the eighteenth century to Lenin and beyond into the post-Stalin period. It offers a continuous history of the development of philosophical thought in Russia, and portraits of individual and influential thinkers. The author devotes careful analysis to radicals such as Bakunin, Herzen, Chernyshevsky and Lavrov, and to the Marxists such as Plekhanov and Lenin. He also discusses the thought of writers such as Kireevsky, Leontiev and Solovyev, and examines the philosophically relevant ideas of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy. He also discusses Russian thinkers in exile, such as Berdyaev, Frank, N. O. Lossky and Shestov.For historical reasons philosophical thought in Russia has tended to become socially or politically committed thought. To what extent genuine philosophical thought has proved to be compatible with the monopoly enjoyed by Marxism-Leninism in the fields of education and publishing is a crucial question discussed in this authoritative study.

Bayesians Versus Frequentists

Bayesians Versus Frequentists

A Philosophical Debate on Statistical Reasoning

  • Author: Jordi Vallverdú
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662486385
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 110
  • View: 2790
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This book analyzes the origins of statistical thinking as well as its related philosophical questions, such as causality, determinism or chance. Bayesian and frequentist approaches are subjected to a historical, cognitive and epistemological analysis, making it possible to not only compare the two competing theories, but to also find a potential solution. The work pursues a naturalistic approach, proceeding from the existence of numerosity in natural environments to the existence of contemporary formulas and methodologies to heuristic pragmatism, a concept introduced in the book’s final section. This monograph will be of interest to philosophers and historians of science and students in related fields. Despite the mathematical nature of the topic, no statistical background is required, making the book a valuable read for anyone interested in the history of statistics and human cognition.

A Documentary History of Communism in Russia

A Documentary History of Communism in Russia

From Lenin to Gorbachev

  • Author: Robert V. Daniels
  • Publisher: UPNE
  • ISBN: 1611680581
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 428
  • View: 8377
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An extensive revision of the valued but unobtainable 1960 edition. Nearly 300 key documents are now readily available in translation.

Absoluter Gegenstoß

Absoluter Gegenstoß

Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus

  • Author: Slavoj Žižek
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 3104034133
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 656
  • View: 4874
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Der bekannte Philosoph und Kulturkritiker Slavoj Žižek schließt mit seinem neuen Buch ›Absoluter Gegenstoß. Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus‹ an seine umfangreiche Hegel-Neudeutung ›Weniger als Nichts‹ aus dem Jahr 2014 an. Ausgehend von Hegel unternimmt er nichts weniger als eine Neubestimmung des philosophischen Materialismus: In drei Teilen entfaltet er sein Vorhaben, Hegels Begriff des absoluten Gegenstoßes zu einem allgemeinen ontologischen Prinzip zu erheben. Ausgehend von einer kritischen Lektüre Badious und Althussers über eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Hegel’schen Absoluten skizziert Žižek die Grundzüge einer Ontologie des »den«, des »Weniger-als-nichts«, um eine neue Grundlegung des dialektischen Materialismus zu formulieren. Ein so aufregender wie zentraler Beitrag zur zeitgenössischen Philosophie, mit Witz und Verve vorgetragen.

The Frontier Within

The Frontier Within

Essays by Abe Kobo

  • Author: Kōbō Abe
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231535090
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4955
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Abe Kobo (1924–1993) was one of Japan's greatest postwar writers, widely recognized for his imaginative science fiction and plays of the absurd. However, he also wrote theoretical criticism for which he is lesser known, merging literary, historical, and philosophical perspectives into keen reflections on the nature of creativity, the evolution of the human species, and an impressive range of other subjects. Abe Kobo tackled contemporary social issues and literary theory with the depth and facility of a visionary thinker. Featuring twelve essays from his prolific career—including "Poetry and Poets (Consciousness and the Unconscious)," written in 1944, and "The Frontier Within, Part II," written in 1969—this anthology introduces English-speaking readers to Abe Kobo as critic and intellectual for the first time. Demonstrating the importance of his theoretical work to a broader understanding of his fiction—and a richer portrait of Japan's postwar imagination—Richard F. Calichman provides an incisive introduction to Abe Kobo's achievements and situates his essays historically and intellectually.

The Austro-Marxists 1890--1918

The Austro-Marxists 1890--1918

A Psychobiographical Study

  • Author: Mark E. Blum
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813162165
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6459
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In the brilliant world of Vienna at the turn of the century four men -- Karl Renner, Otto Bauer, Max Adler, and Friedrich Adler -- sought to develop political and economic resolutions to the racial and cultural tensions that were beginning to strain the bonds of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In this highly original study of these Austro-Marxists, Mark E. Blum uses the insights of depth psychology to trace the roots of their political philosophy in their family and social backgrounds. The Austro-Marxists 1890--1918 is the first book to offer a systematic examination of the thought and milieu of these four thinkers. The only major work on the subject in English, it is a significant contribution to the history of European socialism and, in particular, to the development of Marxist thought outside Russia.

Das Wesen der menschlichen Kopfarbeit

Das Wesen der menschlichen Kopfarbeit

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy of mind
  • Page: 129
  • View: 334
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STP. Socialism, Theory and Practice

STP. Socialism, Theory and Practice

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Communism
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5097
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Collected Works: 1908

Collected Works: 1908

  • Author: Vladimir Ilʹich Lenin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8231
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Collected Works

Collected Works

  • Author: Vladimir Ilʹich Lenin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Communism
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9487
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Dictionary of Philosophy

Dictionary of Philosophy

  • Author: Murad Saifulin,Ivan Timofeevich Frolov,Richard R. Dixon
  • Publisher: International Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 464
  • View: 9142
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Telos

Telos

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Dialectical materialism
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4381
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Materialism and empirico-criticism

Materialism and empirico-criticism

  • Author: Vladimir Ilʹich Lenin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Dialectical materialism
  • Page: 450
  • View: 2089
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An Objective Theory of Probability (Routledge Revivals)

An Objective Theory of Probability (Routledge Revivals)

  • Author: Donald Gillies
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136810811
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 262
  • View: 2383
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This reissue of D. A. Gillies highly influential work, first published in 1973, is a philosophical theory of probability which seeks to develop von Mises’ views on the subject. In agreement with von Mises, the author regards probability theory as a mathematical science like mechanics or electrodynamics, and probability as an objective, measurable concept like force, mass or charge. On the other hand, Dr Gillies rejects von Mises’ definition of probability in terms of limiting frequency and claims that probability should be taken as a primitive or undefined term in accordance with modern axiomatic approaches. This of course raises the problem of how the abstract calculus of probability should be connected with the ‘actual world of experiments’. It is suggested that this link should be established, not by a definition of probability, but by an application of Popper’s concept of falsifiability. In addition to formulating his own interesting theory, Dr Gillies gives a detailed criticism of the generally accepted Neyman Pearson theory of testing, as well as of alternative philosophical approaches to probability theory. The reissue will be of interest both to philosophers with no previous knowledge of probability theory and to mathematicians interested in the foundations of probability theory and statistics.

Diderot Studies: The annexation of a "Philosophe": Diderot in Soviet criticism 1917-1960

Diderot Studies: The annexation of a

  • Author: Otis Fellows
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 465
  • View: 5315
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A Documentrary History of Communism

A Documentrary History of Communism

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7297
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The Other's War

The Other's War

Recognition and the Violence of Ethics

  • Author: Tarik Kochi
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1134015712
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9927
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The Other's War is an intervention into a set of contemporary moral, political and legal debates over the legitimacy of war and terrorism within the context of the so-called global War on Terror. Tarik Kochi considers how, despite the variety of its approaches – just war theory, classical realist, post-Kantian, poststructuralist – contemporary ethical, political and legal philosophy still struggles to produce a convincing account of war. Focusing on the philosophical problem of the rightness of war, The Other's War responds to this lack. Through a discussion of a number of key Western intellectual traditions, Kochi demonstrates how often conflicting and contradictory conceptions of war’s rightness have developed in modernity. He shows how a process of ordering violence around different notions of right has constantly redrawn the boundaries of what constitutes ‘legitimate’ violence. Such a process has consequences for anyone who claims to be fighting a ‘just war’. Building upon this account and drawing upon the philosophical heritage of G.W.F. Hegel and Ernst Bloch, The Other’s War proposes a new understanding of war, not just as a social condition characterised by violent conflict and struggles for power, but as the attempt of individuals and groups to realise their normative claims through violence. Kochi argues that both of these aspects of war are an expression of the metaphysics of human subjectivity. War begins with, and is the radical exaggeration of, a fundamental activity of human subjectivity, in which the subject constitutes its normative and material identity; realising and positing itself through acts that involve negation and violence. By drawing consideration of the problem of war back to the level of a philosophical examination of the metaphysics of human subjectivity, The Other's War develops a novel theory of war that helps us to better understand the nature of contemporary conflict as a process of recognition. From this perspective, judgment, it is concluded, needs to be constantly guided by the effort to recognise the ethics of the other's war.